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NOTE: Since the first three months of 2002 file got so huge, >4 MB we have closed it, and renamed it dxldta02.html where it may still be consulted and searched. Likewise, the file containing the second quarter of 2002 is so huge that it is now closed, renamed dxldtb02.html. This file containing the third quarter of 2002 is also closed and renamed dxldtc02.html. ALSO NOTE: INDIVIDUAL DXLDS, JANUARY-JUNE 2002: On our own website we no longer have individual issues before July 1, 2002, just these massive quarterly archives. Individual issues are, however, still available at DXing.com, indexed here: http://www.dxing.com/dxrold.htm -- and 2001 archive is also there |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| DX LISTENING DIGEST 2-151, September 30, 2002 edited by Glenn Hauser, wghauser@hotmail.com Items from DXLD may be reproduced and re-reproduced only if full credit be maintained at all stages and we be provided exchange copies. DXLD may not be reposted in its entirety without permission. Materials taken from Arctic or originating from Olle Alm and not having a commercial copyright are exempt from all restrictions of noncommercial, noncopyrighted reusage except for full credits HTML version of this issue will be posted afterwards at http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldtd02.html For restrixions and searchable 2002 contents archive see http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldmid.html NOTE: If you are a regular reader of DXLD, and a source of DX news but have not been sending it directly to us, please consider yourself obligated to do so. Thanks, Glenn WORLD OF RADIO 1149: BROADCASTS ON RFPI: Wed 0100, 0700 on 7445, 15038.7; webcast Wed 1300 BROADCASTS ON WWCR: Wed 0930 9475 ONDEMAND http://www.wrn.org/ondemand/worldofradio.html (DOWNLOAD) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1149.rm (STREAM) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1149.ram (SUMMARY) http://www.worldofradio.com/wor1149.html ** AFGHANISTAN [non]. On Sunday, 22 September, I heard a very long interval signal, on 18940 around 1430 UT. For a while I kept going back and checking it, expecting that programming would soon start. Then I just left it on as I worked around the house. It just kept going, until the carrier finally went down at 1627. Through the whole two hours, the signal was consistently weak, with very rapid fading. I almost think it was auroral flutter. I think it was an orchestra, with trumpets carrying the melody. It was in the key of E flat. Here`s the melody: [musical notation]. [Let me describe the notation textually: treble clef C ¾, three flats, without giving the length of the notes (tape of it was on WOR 1149): F-F-A-G-E-F-A-G-E-B --- gh] There were many more measures following that, before it repeated, and I think they consisted of soft music, which I couldn`t make out. What a waste of electricity. Whatever country it was from, they must have a lot more oil than we do! (Pete Bentley, NY, Sept 23, DX LISTENING DIGEST) This is assumed to be Norway, lacking the usual feed of R. Afghanistan to relay back to that country. Wonder how many days this went on. Perhaps the airtime already paid for, so may as well keep the transmitter on the air... (gh, DXLD) See also TAJIKISTAN ** ALASKA. The FCC has released a public notice showing the grant of a permit for the Aurora Communications International HF station in Alaska. The Site is at 11621 Sterling Highway, Ninilchik, AK 60-06-34 N 151-34-21 W. No Call Letters listed in the notice. The notice also shows the grant of a new HF station to Grace Missionary Baptist Church, apparently at the same location as WTJC. [see USA, WBOH] Report No. IHF-00038 Thursday September 26, 2002 INTERNATIONAL HIGH FREQUENCY RE: ACTIONS TAKEN The Commission, by its International Bureau, took the following actions pursuant to delegated authority. The effective dates of the actions are the dates specified. IHF-C/P-20010521-00004 P NEW AURORA COMMUNICATIONS INTERNATIONAL, INC. Construction Permit Grant of Authority Date Effective: 09/25/2002 For more information concerning this Notice, contact Tom Polzin at 418-2148; tpolzin@fcc.gov; TTY 202-418-2555. (Donald Wilson, Sept 27, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** ARGENTINA. Liberty: see UK [non] on R. Atlántico del Sur ** AUSTRALIA. HCJB Australia' s HC100 transmitter is nearing completion at the station' s Research and Development plant in Elkhart, Indiana. It was to be ready for shipping to Wyndham WA about the third week of September. God willing, the transmitter will arrive for installation in Kununurra by 26th November. On-air date is planned for 22nd December, 2002 (HCJB News) It' s not every day an international broadcaster builds a new facility on Australian soil, but in December 2002 we can expect the completion of such a project, in Kununurra WA, where HCJB World Radio will inaugurate he latest phase of its worldwide outreach. Until December 2000, Australian communications law prohibited the use of shortwave for external broadcasts by private organisations; however the Broadcasting Services Act was amended to pave the way for the UK-based Christian Vision to utilise the former Radio Australia site near Darwin, and a license for HCJB has also subsequently been granted. The Kununurra part of stage 1 of the project consists of constructing a transmitter building on an existing HCJB land holding of 200 acres, gifted to the organisation a few years ago. The building will be lined and air conditioned, capable of housing two HC100 transmitters. The first of these has been gifted to HCJB Australia by the parent organisation in the United States, and is scheduled to arrive by November. The transmitter will connect via a switcher device to one of three antennas, each mounted on a 37 metre tower some 300 metres further down the property. The three antennas are aligned to give broadcast signal coverage to those Asian countries that lie at 307º to Kununurra. This includes India, Pakistan, Malaysia, Singapore, Myanmar, Indonesia and Thailand, a coverage of some sesquigigapeople. Another of the three antenna is directed to the east to cover the South Pacific nations, including New Zealand and Fiji. It is anticipated that two frequencies will be required using antennas pointed along the 307º line, one in the 19 metre band and one in the 16 metre band, to ensure high signal strength coverage. Melbourne is the home of the programming facility. At HCJB' s studios in Kilsyth, programs will be assembled, produced and presented. Upgrading of the facilities there is underway to allow for the amount of programming that will be produced. The planned broadcasts will be five hours to Asia and five hours to the South Pacific daily, plus one hour weekly in the Oromo language to Ethiopia. HCJB is presently researching the delivery means, either a satellite link or wide bandwidth phone link, or even use of the Internet. All is not in place financially at this point: Estimated costs to complete Stage 1 $430,000 Less funds on hand and pledged (180,000) Funding Required $250,000 ("HCJB News" via Craig Seager via Richard Jary, ARDXC via Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** BOUGAINVILLE. Clandestine: 3850. I finally received Radio Independent Mekamui, Sep 6, 1054-1112*, music, talk, ID, national anthem (?), and closed. It has been hard to receive because of the heavy QRM from Ham station. Rather poor reception (Masato Ishii, Shibata-shi, Japan, DSWCI DX Window Sept 25 via DXLD) ** CANADA. Here is the home sked for the Montreal Alouettes: (CJAD Montreal has a 1 watt transmitter for a 26.2 MHz studio link from football games.) ---Regular Season: Sun 29 Sep 4pm EST/2000 UTC [sic - see below] Sun 20 Oct 1pm EST/1700 UTC Sun 30 Oct 1pm EST/probably 1800 UTC ---Post Season: Sun 10 Nov 4pm EST/2100 UTC Sun 17 Nov 4pm EST/2100 UTC Sun 24 Nov TBA Only 3 regular season home games left but the team is in 1st place so the post season sked (Liz Cameron, MARE via DXLD) I see an alarming trend toward calling EDT ``EST``, even tho there be a one-hour difference between them, by definition; not only in DX circles but in general media (gh, DXLD) ** CHINA. Here in Europe the nonstop classical Chinese music jammer type is dominating on all jammed 13 mb channels: 21500 0600-0700 jamming RFA Tibetan, usually modest jamming signal 21540 0700-0900 jamming VOA Chinese, very strong jamming signal from two transmitters 21560 1215-1300 jamming Voice of Tibet 21660 1100-1300 jamming BBC Chinese 21690 0300-0700 jamming RFA Chinese and Tibetan, strong jamming signal from two or more transmitters 21705 0700-0900 jamming VOA Chinese, strong jamming signal Usually two or three jammers can be heard on each jammed frequency, two stronger ones and a weaker one. The stronger ones usually have the same programme, while the weaker one normally has a different program. Many jammers are somewhat off frequency, adding an annoying low frequency het to the echo caused by different signal delays. It seems that at least some jammers can switch between the program channels. I have noted 21540 switching from CNR to music just before 0700 and back to CNR just after 0900. The music jamming signal seems to start all over again on top of each hour. Re Xinjiang, DXLD 2-150: Oh, oh, the old eyes are not what they used to. Kyrgyz should be 0330 and 1030. 0530 is when the first transmissions goes off. By the way, on maintenance days XJ transmitters don't go on until 1100 for the evening (local evening) transmissions (Olle Alm, Sweden, 26 Sep 2002, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** CHINA [non]. Some frequency changes for China Radio International via transmitters in Russia: effective from September 1, 2002 via MSK 250 kW / 275 degrees: 2200-2257 English NF 7175, ex 9880 (Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 24 via DXLD) ** CHINA [non?]. TAIWANESE RADIO HOST CLAIMS HIJACK OF TV BROADCASTS from http://www.abc.net.au A Taiwanese man claims he conducted illegal satellite broadcast hijackings of Chinese television progams. Radio talkshow host Wu Lotien told the China Times Express that he beamed signals to hijack Chinese television programs using equipment installed in Taiwan's mountainous Yangmingshan area. Mr Wu says he wanted to draw media attention to his alleged torture by the former Kuomintang government. He did not hint at any connections with Falun Gong, a religious movement banned in China for being an "evil cult" since July 1999. China's Taiwan Affairs Office says the illegal satellite broadcasters in Taiwan interrupted mainland television programs several times to beam Falun Gong propaganda by breaking codes and cutting into transmissions (via Mike Terry, Sept 26, DXLD) From http://www.channelnewsasia.com/ 27 September 2002 2234 hrs (SST) 1434 hrs (GMT) Taiwan has accused Chinese broadcasters of hijacking its radio station signals, and it has urged Beijing to take quick action to stop them. Earlier in the week, China blamed the Falungong group in Taiwan of hijacking mainland Chinese satellite television signals. It said its programmes were replaced by propaganda material. Taipei now says that Chinese broadcasters had started hijacking the signals of seven Taiwanese commercial stations for more than a year. "We urge China to respect the regulations set by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) to help maintain normal order of broadcasting operations," the vice chairman of Taiwan's Mainland Affairs Council, Chen Min-tong, said. He added, "The benefits and rights of Taiwan's broadcasters and audience should not be undermined." (via MIke Terry, Sept 27, DXLD) CHINA SAYS TAIPEI WAS ORIGIN OF SATELLITE HIJACKS --- From Reuters On Tuesday, China said followers of the spiritual group, banned by Beijing in 1999, had hijacked Chinese satellite signals to disrupt state media broadcasts on September 9 and 21 -- an accusation dismissed as ''far-fetched'' by a Taiwan official. Taiwan and Beijing have been diplomatic and military rivals since they split at the end of a civil war in 1949. Taiwan is viewed by Beijing as a breakaway province that must be reunited with the mainland. China's state wireless monitoring centre had homed in on interference with state-run SINOSAT satellite coming from Taipei, China Central Television said. ''The source of the interference was confirmed to be situated in a district of Taipei city in Taiwan,'' state-run Xinhua news agency said. ''It was positioned at east longitude 121 degrees, 30 minutes and 33 seconds and at northern latitude 24 degrees, 51 minutes and four seconds,'' Xinhua said. China has said Taiwan must stopping the interference and it slammed Taiwan Vice President Annette Lu -- reviled by Beijing for her pro-independence views -- for voicing support for Falun Gong in the past. Falun Gong supporters have interfered with media broadcasts in China several times in recent months to air their videos. Last week, 15 group members were jailed for hacking into cable television networks this year. The incidents have prompted tighter media controls ahead of a key Communist Party Congress. The congress begins on November 8 and is expected to unveil a new generation of leaders. Falun Gong was banned by China after thousands of followers staged a peaceful demonstration in Beijing to demand recognition of their faith. The group practices a mixture of Taoism, Buddhism, traditional Chinese exercises and its U.S.-based founder's ideas. (Tamora Vidaillet, Beijing newsroom, +8610 6586-5566, ext 207; Fax +8610 8527- 5258, beijing.newsroom+reuters.com) [sic]) (via Mike Terry Sept 26, DXLD) ** COLOMBIA. 6059.97, La Voz de tu Conciencia, back on their regular frequency Sep 23, 0645-1000+, very good strength, excellent audio quality; all Colombian music, announcements and short talks in Spanish. QRM from co-channel Argentina from 0900, but Conciencia dominant. Obviously, the move to 6010 has not taken place (Berg and Green, DSWCI DX Window Sept 25 via DXLD) 6010.5, La Voz de tu Conciencia, Sep 24, 0635-1120, now here ex 6060.2 after they solved some problems. It transmits in principle 24 hours a day, but still has some technical problems. The station is very interested in receiving reception reports for evaluation of its signal and to support a request of frequency change to the Ministerio de Comunicaciones. Its address is: Librería Colombia para Cristo; Calle 44 No.13-69, Bogotá D.C. E-mail: rms05001@neutel.com.co Right now there are five LA-stations on 6010: 1) Radio Mil - Mexico. 2) Radio Parinacota - Chile. 3) Em Ciudad Montevideo - Uruguay. 4) LV de tu Conciencia - Colombia. 5) R Inconfidencia, Belo Horizonte - Brazil. No. 1, 2, 4 and 5 were heard Sep 24! (Rodriguez in Conexion Digital, Barrera, Eramo, Green and Slaen, DSWCI DX Window Sept 25 via DXLD) ** CONGO DR. NEW RADIO OKAPI SW TRANSMITTERS ALMOST READY Text of report in English by Radio Netherlands "Media Network" web site on 27 September Chief of Information to the UN Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC), David Smith, has told Media Network that if all goes well, Radio Okapi will fire up its three 10 kW Marconi shortwave transmitters in Kinshasa on Monday 30 September, replacing the temporary 100 Watt transmitters that have been in use for the past several months. The site is ready, apart from painting the floors, and installing the air conditioners. Journalists are being shown around the site today (27 September). The shortwave frequencies are 6030, 9550, and 11690 kHz. Radio Okapi's ninth FM transmitter will be installed in Bukavu next week, along with a studio. That facility will hopefully be in on the air by the end of the first week of October. Source: Radio Netherlands "Media Network" web site, Hilversum, in English 27 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) ** CZECH REPUBLIC [non]. R. Prague relay heard on 5696-USB, Sept 27 at 0220 in Spanish, running 10 seconds behind WRMI`s relay of same (Ron Trotto, IL, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** DENMARK [non]. R A D I O D E N M A R K October 27, 2002 - March 29, 2003 UTC Target (primary coverage in brackets) kHz Tx Beam 1230-1255 Far East 12070 K 35 Europe, Mediterranean, Canary Islands 13800 S 180 South East Asia, Australia (west), Russia 15735 K 80 North America (east), Carribean 18950 S 280 1330-1355 Europe 9590 S 180 South East Asia, Australia (west), Russia 15735 K 80 North America (east + central), Greenland 18950 S 300 1430-1455 Russia, Europe (south east), Middle East (east), South Asia (India) 13800 K 95 North America (east + central), Greenland 17555 S 300 1530-1555 Middle East (west) 15735 K 120 North America (west), Greenland 17525 S 315 1630-1655 Europe (south east), Middle East (west), Africa (east) 13800 K 145 North America (west), Greenland 18950 S 315 1730-1755 Europe 7490 S 180 Russia 9980 K 95 Europe (south east), Middle East (west), Africa (east) 13800 K 145 North America (east), Carribean 18950 S 280 1830-1855 Europe 7490 S 180 New Zealand 9980 K 35 Africa, Europe (south) 13800 K 165 North America (east + central), Greenland 15705 S 300 1930-1955 Europe, Canary Islands 7490 S 180 Africa, Europe (south) 9980 K 165 North America (west), Greenland 13800 S 315 2030-2055 Europe, Canary Islands 7490 S 180 Australia 9980 K 65 2130-2155 Europe, Canary Islands, Africa (west) 7490 K 195 Australia 9510 K 65 2230-2255 Far East 7470 K 40 South America, Canary Islands 7530 S 235 2330-2355 North America (east), Carribean 7470 S 280 South America 7530 S 235 South East Asia, Australia (west) 7490 K 80 Far East 9920 K 40 0030-0055 North America (east), Carribean 7470 S 280 South East Asia 7490 K 80 0130-0155 North America (east), Carribean 7470 S 280 South Asia (India) 7490 K 95 North America (east + central), Greenland 9945 S 300 0230-0255 North America (east), Carribean 7470 S 280 South Asia (India) 7490 K 95 North America (east + central), Greenland 9590 S 300 0330-0355 North America (west), Greenland 7470 S 315 Middle East (east) 7490 K 110 Europe (south east), Africa (east), Middle East (west) 9945 K 145 0430-0455 North America (west), Greenland 7470 S 315 Russia, Middle East (east) 7490 K 95 Europe (south east), Africa (east), Middle East (west) 9945 K 145 0530-0555 Europe (south east), Middle East (west), Africa (north east) 7465 K 140 Russia, Middle East (east) 7490 K 95 0630-0655 Europe 5945 K 165 Europe, Canary Islands 7180 S 195 Europe (south west), Canary Islands, Africa (west) 9590 S 220 Africa, Europe (south) 13800 K 165 0730-0755 Europe 7180 K 165 Europe, Canary Islands, Africa (west) 9590 K 195 0830-0855 Australia, Europe (south west), (South America) 13800 S 235 Far East, New Zealand 15705 K 40 0930-0955 Australia, Europe (south west), South America 13800 S 235 Far East, New Zealand 15705 K 40 Middle East (east), South Asia (India) 18950 K 95 1030-1055 Europe, Mediterranean, Canary Islands 13800 S 180 South America, Canary Islands, Africa (west) 21765 S 235 1130-1155 Europe, Mediterranean, Canary Islands 13800 S 180 South America, Canary Islands, Africa (west) 21765 S 235 Address: Radio Danmark, Radioavisen, Rosenorns Allé 22, DK-1999 Frederiksberg C, Denmark RD office telephone: +45 35 20 57 84 (then press '9') - Telefax: +45 35 20 57 81. e-mail: schedule, programme matters: rdk@dr.dk - technical, reports: rdktek@dr.dk The schedule is also available by auto-reply email from: schedule@dr.dk WWW: http://www.dr.dk/rdk or http://www.dr.dk/radiodanmark - including RealAudio 'on demand' of our broadcasts. The two daily news transmissions in Danish only are aired at 1230 and 1830. Transmissions inbetween are repeats. The technical letterbox programme, "Tune In" is heard every second Saturday from 1248 UT until 1748 UT. Transmissions may be cancelled without warning. Radio Denmark shares the Norwegian transmitters with Radio Norway. They broadcast at xx.00-xx.30, followed by Denmark at xx.30-xx.55, 24 hours a day. Stations: Kvitsoy (K) and Sveio (S) each have two 500 kW transmitters. They are located on the Norwegian west coast near Stavanger and Haugesund at 05.27E 59.04N (K) and 05.19E 59.37N (S). Kvitsoy covers the Eastern Globe, while Sveio covers the Western Globe [hemisphere]. Radio Denmark replies complete reports by a QSL-card. Although not necessary, return postage is appreciated (1 IRC, 1 Euro or 1 US dollar). Recordings (incl. RealAudio and MP3 email files) are accepted. Tapes, however, are not returned (via Erik Koie, DR, DXLD) ** FRANCE? Re 25775.1: Phone number 339-912-4132, related to DAB. Has been heard by other U.S. DX-ers and in Finland. Heard French in Denmark Sep 22, 23 and 24 only at 1600-1635 (fade out), but it sounded more like a CB conversation than a broadcast. 25222. I forwarded the problem to our member in France and here is his reply: (Anker Petersen, Denmark, DSWCI DX Window Sept 25 via DXLD) In France all phone numbers have 10 digits, the two first digits are the area code, but they are part of the phone number, e.g. my number is 04 93 56 73 01, and anywhere you are in France, we must do this 10 digits. All phone numbers are announced with the 10 digits. So the number you gave me 339-912-4514, cannot be a French number. I tried to listen to 25775 kHz, I have a very weak signal with talks in French, but nothing very clear to be correctly understand. The toll free number (075-63241) cannot be a French toll-free number. In France all numbers start with: 01 for Paris and surroundings. 02 for West and St Pierre & Miquelon. 03 for North and East. 04 for South-East. 05 for South-West and French West Indies. 06 for mobile and GSM. 07 NOT IN USE. 08 for special numbers(such as Sex Phone...) and toll free (0800...and 0805...). 09 NOT IN USE. 00 for international access. With the second number you gave me, I tried all combinations with[out] any results. The number 339-912-4514 look like a CANADIAN phone number with the area code first? (Christian Ghibaudo, France, Sep 24, DSWCI DX Window via DXLD) The 339 area code is in Massachusetts as we already pointed out (gh) ** FRANCE? There`s another one on 11 meters, 25765 AM heard Sept 24 at 1625 with sports news in English, but since then a 40-second repetition of BBCWS IDs (Alan Roberts, QC, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Also here, 25765, Sept 24 at 2045-2100, pirate? With BBCWS timepips for 1700 UTC. Also heard all day Saturday in French, some English, 399 [sic, 339 as others report?] for Boston, but number no good (Ron Trotto, Wagner, IL, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** GERMANY. Re: 25760 0830 1030 40 WER 500 90 0 226 1234567 D IBB IBB That looks to be a replacement for 15690 via Wertachtal which currently carries the RFE service to Afghanistan. I note that the current IBB sched now shows a break in transmission for 15690 (1030- 1230 from memory). Perhaps WER 21690 is another replacement for 15690? This service is also on 19010 - seems it will remain and extended timings - and on 21680. I wonder why this latter frequency is registered for Ciraf 27/28 at 0700-0800 and 0900-1100 though! Maybe VOA/RFA should be thinking of trying 11m to escape from the Chinese orchestra? Best 73's (Noel Green, Sept 27, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** ICELAND. The Iceland State Broadcasting Service Reykjavik, continues to relay its Domestic Service programs to North America and Europe, principally for mariners. The B-02 schedule is: 1200-1300 15775 13865 1400-1445 15775 13865 1745-1915 13865 12120 2300-2345 13865 12120 (Bob Padula, EDXP Sept 27 via DXLD) ** INTERNATIONAL VACUUM. Hi Glenn, In the Media Network item about XM Satellite Radio, as quoted by BBCM, the last para is wrong. It should read: "Meanwhile, XM's rival Sirius Satellite Radio is now restricting Web listeners to 20 minutes of streaming before the stream is cut off. This seems to be a desperate attempt to get more subscribers. Unconfirmed press reports suggest that the number of paid-up subscribers is currently as low as 7,000." I made an error, realised it, and corrected immediately. But apparently someone at Caversham was cutting and pasting the old version in the meantime :-( 73, (Andy Sennitt, RN, DXLD) But also corrected subsequently ** INTERNATIONAL WATERS [non?]. Radio Caroline is being relayed on 7140, first noted September 27th 0905 following a tip off from Noel Green, fair strength and on till at least 1300. Again noted September 28th 0815 tune in, stronger, only occasional shallow fades. Is running 10 seconds ahead of Worldspace. My first thought would be a pirate transmitter but is excellent technical quality and exactly on channel (Mike Barraclough, England, Sept 28, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** IRAQ. Iraq is using a new frequency of 1551.41 kHz presumably to jam Radio Sawa in Iraq [from Kuwait 1548] (Mauno Ritola, Finland, 17.9.2002, Arctic mv-eko via DXLD) ** ITALY [non?]. IRRS on 13840, Sept 27 at 0632 in English, starting with slow classical music, transmitter problems, cutting on and off constantly, mentioning NEXUS (Ron Trotto, IL, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Time to raise the question again of transmitter site for this, as IRRS is not telling us (gh, DXLD) ** KOREA SOUTH. The B-02 schedule for Radio Korea International shows several new channels, with up to six 250 kW transmitters listed for simultaneous use from the Kimjae site. This reflects the upgrading of capacity there, and a new service directed to Australia and New Zealand is scheduled on 15225, at 0500-1100. Other new channels listed include: 11945 0600-0900 to North America 15155 2000-0100 to China 15205 1200-1400 to Europe 15265 0600-0800 to South America 15335 1000-1300 to South America 17750 2300-0100 to North America 17755 1100-1500 to Asia 17780 2100-0000 to North America 17825 0900-1200 to Europe 17860 0300-0400 to Asia 17870 2200-0000 to Hawaii (Bob Padula, EDXP Sept 27 via DXLD) ** KYRGYZSTAN. Kyrgyz Radio 1 : 2300-1800 UTC = 4010 kHz , 4795 kHz, 67,94 MHz, 104,1 MHz. In Kyrgyz, Russian 2304-2330 (Mon-Fri) - Programme "Kabarlar" ("News") in Kyrgyz, Russian, Uzbek, English. 0200-0220 (Mon-Fri) - Programme "Kabarlar" ("News") in Kyrgyz, Russian, English. 1300-1320 (Mon-Fri) - Programme "Kabarlar" ("News") in Kyrgyz, German. Kyrgyz Radio 2 ( Radio XXI vek) : 0000-1800 UTC (Mon-Sat), 0000-1200 (Sun) = 66,38 MHz, 106,9 MHz. In Kyrgyz, Russian 0004-0030 (Mon-Fri) - Programme "Kabarlar" ("News") in Kyrgyz, Russian, Uzbek, English. (Ibragim Rustamov, Tajikistan / Newspaper "KTR-OBO #34/301 23/08/2002) via Klepov, Rus-DX via Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** LAOS [non]. 17540, United Lao Movement for Democracy Sep 20 *0059- 0110 34433 Lao?, 0059 bell. 0100 with IS and ID. Opening announce. Local music and talk. Thanks for tip from Kenji Hashimoto (Kouji Hashimoto, Japan Premium via DXLD) ** LIBERIA. 5100, Liberian Communications Network, Totota. Sep 19, 2305-2400*, back on this frequency after a break of four months. Mostly British pop songs. Ann and talk in English was low modulated. Best heard after 2350 until closing announcement and the Liberian National Anthem. 24332 with sporadic utility QRM. It is a good question, if it also is back on the very crowded, nominal frequency of 6100? (Anker Petersen, Denmark, DSWCI DX Window Sept 25 via DXLD) ** MALTA. Today received a nice informative booklet from Voice of the Mediterranean. This eight page bimonthly colourful newsletter tells the VOM's new challenges by Managing Director Mr Richard Muscat, listeners letters, program highlights and skeds, station news, etc., etc. Can be obtained from info@vomradio.com 73s (Swopan Chakroborty, Kolkata, India, Sept 25, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** MEXICO. 6010, R. Mil, Mexico City, Sep 19, light songs, an anti- smoke slogan, TCs, fadeout at 0754, 25432 at best (Carlos Gonçalves, Portugal, DSWCI DX Window Sept 25 via DXLD) So still on ** MEXICO. Mexico's FMRE celebrates 70 years of IARU membership: The Federación Mexicana de Radio Experimentadores (FMRE), Mexico's IARU member-society, is celebrating 70 years of membership in the International Amateur Radio Union with a special event station. The Mexican Comisión Federal de Telecomunicaciones (COFETEL) has authorized the FMRE to commemorate the occasion using special event call sign 6F1LM from its headquarters station for the rest of 2002. COFETEL also has authorized all Mexican Amateur Radio operators to use the special prefix 6J--which may only be used while contacting DX stations. FMRE President Pedro Mucharraz, XE1PM, congratulated all Mexican operators. "The use of the special prefix will contribute to remember and pay homage to all amateurs who have paved the way for us to enjoy a great hobby," he said (The Daily DX via Carlos Jiménez V., Sept 27, DXLD) ** PAPUA NEW GUINEA. Radio Central, 3290, from Port Moresby, has been inactive for some time, but returned to the air on September 25 for limited evening services (Bob Padula, Australia, EDXP Sept 27 via DXLD) ** PARAGUAY. Dear Mr Glenn Hauser: To advise that we have improved and modified the characteristics of our test transmissions, from Villeta, Paraguay. The frequency 7300 KHZ is now directed towards 40 and 220 degrees, from Magnetic North. This should improve reception chances in Europe and in Australia. We are also testing on 1610 KHZ, using the 125 Metre tall omnidirectional antenna, and beamed towards 184 degrees, from Magnetic North. The frequencies of 7737 and 15185 KHZ have been discontinued, for the moment. [were you ever on 7373 or was that a misprint? -- gh] We will be testing, shortly, on 120 and on 31 Metres. To date, our best results have come from 7300 KHZ, monitored in several different countries, and from 15185 KHZ, monitored in Germany. Test transmissions are on-air, the 24 hours, every day, save for occasional pauses for technical adjustments. Reception reports are most welcome! With best regards from Paraguay! (Adán Mur, Technical Advisor, Radiodifusión América, Asunción, Paraguay ramerica@rieder.net.py Sept 28 DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** PERU. 6323.9, Rdif. Comercial (Presumed) 1055 Sept 27 with campo music and seemed to ID as Radio La Voz del Vecino at 1057. Nice signal (Hans Johnson, WY, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** PERU. 3172.77, Radio Municipal, 1010-1020 Sept 28, flauta andina, 1022 ID by OM as R. M., into Spanish covers of popular music till 1040 fade out, second ID 1028 (Robert Wilkner, Margate FL, Icom R-75, Ground level antenna, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** RUSSIA. Voice of Russia on 17645, SIO 323; heard ending their Russian program at 1359, then IS and RUS national anthem at 1400, into ID and info on Voice of Russia World Service (by Carl Watts) then the news with headlines. Sandwiched by QRM from BBC -5, and Radio France Int'l in French +5, making for difficult listening on the Sony 'SW7600G which I was using while walking... nonetheless 17645, at 250 kW from Moscow site, is the best hope for reception in Eastern North America at this hour. (9/29) (Joe Hanlon in Philadelphia, SWBC via DXLD) ** RUSSIA [non?]. Re R. Krishnaloka, 7415v: About one fifth of the population in Ukraine are Russians. Propagation indicate a transmitter location near the eastern border between Ukraine and Russia or in the Moscow area (Anker Petersen, Ed., DSWCI DX Window Sept 25 via DXLD) ** SOMALIA. 7530U, R. Hargeisa. Sep 22, 1910-1940. Horn of Africa type music with some interludes of female singer. No sign of reported brief news in English. Strongest signal I have ever had from this station (Charles Jones, Australia, DSWCI DX Window via DXLD) Does anybody know if they have increased power above 5 kW ? (DSWCI Ed) ** SOUTH CAROLINA. Over a month ago I did a post-release-from-jail Brother Stair radio check. For the first time he offered to send listeners a CD if they call in with a radio check. In the past he`s offered tapes, articles, books. But never a CD. Anyway, in the past I`ve always received whatever free item he was giving away for a radio check. But as of this writing, still no CD! (A radio check is when listeners call in to say what frequency they`re listening on at the moment.) I called his answering machine today to inquire about this, left a message, but no response as of yet (Robert Arthur, Sept 24, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** SUDAN. 7200, Republic of Sudan Radio, Omdurman, Sep 21, 1730-1900, Arabic language programming. News is heard from circa 1803-1813. Also plays typical Sudanese style music. Positive ID has not yet been heard, but a mention of Sudan and Omdurman seems to indicate it's this station. In England there is a weak co-channel station which sounds Russian - Yakutsk? - and the IRIB interval signal is heard from circa 1858 before opening in Hebrew - Kol David? The Arabic speaker appears to close 1900. Now, Yugoslavia is also heard from about 1857. In Australia strong co-channel NHK in Japanese (Noel Green, UK and Charles Jones, Australia, DSWCI DX Window Sept 25 via DXLD) ** SWEDEN. Focal Point Hörby --- The History of a Broadcasting Station In 1956 Swedes had the opportunity for the first time to familiarise themselves with a minor wonder - television. The first programmes were broadcast from several temporary stations in Sweden. Hörby became the first permanent TV station in Sweden in 1959 - and is still one of the most important stations in the country. "Today's digital broadcasts are a natural progression of technological development. Colour TV was probably much bigger news for the viewers", says Bengt Meijer, local manager at the radio station in Hörby. The first TV broadcast in colour took place in 1966. Four years later in 1970, regular colour broadcasts were made to households across the country. "It was a small revolution. Imagine being able to watch nature and entertainment programmes in colour! It's hard to imagine how big this must have been out in the cottages" says Bengt Meijer, who has been working at Hörby for 20 years. At the FM/TV station in Hörby they are currently preparing for the future of digital radio and television. Much of the work revolves around making it possible for both analogue and digital systems to work in tandem during the changeover period, which is expected to last several years. Bengt Meijer says one of the biggest digital benefits will be the power savings that will be made. "Transferring from analogue to digital will result in savings in many ways. For example, instead of using a 40kW transmitter like we have today for Channel One we will only need to use 2.5kW with a digital transmitter. We'll get five times as many channels by using a tiny amount of today's power consumption." The station in Hörby was established in 1937, though radio has been transmitted from Hörby as early as 1928, initially at a station at Karlfält, some four kilometres west of the current broadcasting station. The Hörby station lies in the centre of Sweden's most densely populated region, with a large listening and viewing audience. The broadcast coverage extends in principle across the entire province, including large cities such as Malmö and Helsingborg. "In recent years large radio stations have sprung up in these towns and cities in order to ensure complete coverage of these densely populated areas. However, there are still viewers in Malmö and Helsingborg that have their aerials pointed towards Hörby", says Bengt Meijer. Around 20 complimentary slave transmitters at strategic locations make Hörby broadcasting station one of the most important in the country, The Hörby station is unique in as much as it is not only an FM/TV station - of which there are 56 others located throughout the country - but also Sweden's only AM station. What makes Hörby so special are its short-wave transmitters - three of them with an effect of 500 kW. Medium- wave and short-wave are the traditional ways of broadcasting radio to counties abroad. "It is the short-wave station that has made Hörby so unique. Swedish radio has a special department, Radio Sweden International, which broadcasts the programme Radio Sweden via short-wave from Hörby. We are therefore the only station in the country to broadcast that programme." The shortwave transmitters make it possible to broadcast Radio Sweden to large parts of the world, for example Africa, The Far East, North America, South America and of course Europe. The programmes, which are produced by Swedish Radio and broadcast in seven different languages, make it possible for Swedes abroad to catch upon news, culture and sport in the same way as Swedes at home. In Sölvesborg there is a medium-wave transmitter that is operated and administered by the Hörby unit. Together these transmitters work 44 hours a day (Hörby constitutes 33 hours of this total) to broadcast Radio Sweden. (from "Frequencies #14" (an in-house magazine, I think - Alan Roe) via Jack Fitzsimons, Oct World DX Club Contact via Mike Barraclough, DXLD) ** SWITZERLAND [and non]: B-02 schedule for Swiss Radio International: French/German/Italian/English to Af 0600-0800 9885 JUL 100 kW / 160 deg 13790 JUL 100 kW / 200 deg 17665 SOT 500 kW / 165 deg English/Italian/German/French to Af 0830-1030 21770 SOT 500 kW / 165 deg Italian/Arabic/English/French to Af/ME 1630-1815 9755 JUL 100 kW / 115 deg 13790 JUL 100 kW / 115 deg 15555 SOT 500 kW / 140 deg Italian/Arabic/English/German/French 1830-2130 9755 JUL 100 kW / 200 deg 13660 GUF 500 kW / 165 deg 15485 JUL 100 kW / 145 deg 17660 GUF 500 kW / 115 deg French/German/Italian/English to SoAm 2200-2400 9885 SOT 500 kW / 230 deg 11660 GUF 500 kW / 170 deg (Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 27 via DXLD) ** TAIWAN [non]. Some changes for Radio Taipei Int. in Russian via WYFR effective from Sep. 23: 0400-0500 on 7355 new transmission 1800-1900 on 17750 deleted WYFR in German to Europe effective from Sep. 23: 0400-0500 on 9985 only and deleted 7355 (Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 24 via DXLD) As I recall, WYFR has its own Russian at 0300 on 7355 (gh, DXLD) ** TAJIKISTAN. 801 kHz: IBB monitoring material indicates the reactivation of the Tajik frequency 801 kHz. This frequency was used by a transmitter in Orzu with Moscow Radio 1, until it was closed in the early 1990s. The Geneva Plan limits the power to 200 kW; it is unknown what power was used for Radio 1, or what power will be used after a reactivation now (Bernd Trutenau via MWDX 6.9.2002 via Arctic via DXLD) IBB is conducting tests via Orzu 801 kHz with ca. 500 kW ND at various times. This transmitter was carrying Ostankino Radio 1 until the early 1990s when it was closed. Reportedly the tests consist of relays of VOA in English (Bernd Trutenau, Lithuania, 18.9.2002, Arctic via DXLD) ** TATARSTAN. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ DX Target: Voice of Tatarstan An Exotic Voice from the Republic of Tatarstan By Richard A. D'Angelo The Voice of Tatarstan, or Tatarstan Awazy, provides news and information about events in the Republic of Tatarstan. However, hearing this exotic shortwave broadcaster is not an easy task. Shortwave broadcasts are through facilities located in nearby Samara and broadcast hours are not during prime listening periods in North America and Europe. Direct reception is not possible on shortwave, nevertheless, the Voice of Tatarstan provides an excellent listening target for the DX'er. Before getting into details about the station, let's take a look at the history, the geography, the people, the economy and the current political situation of the Republic of Tatarstan. History The first settlements in the territory of the Republic of Tatarstan date back to Paleolithic period (about 100,000 years ago). In the 8th and 9th centuries, the tribes of ancient Bulgars, ancestors of the modern Tatars, began to populate the Volga region. The first state, the Volga-Kama Bulgaria, was set up at the end of the 9th/beginning of the 10th centuries, which was the first feudal state in the northeastern Europe. In 922, Islam was established as a state religion. In the 13th century, the territory of the Volga-Kama Bulgaria was annexed to the Empire of Chenghiz-Khan and then became a part of powerful Zolotaya Orda (Golden Hord) State. The collapse of the Golden Hord in the 14th century resulted in formation of a number of new states including the Kazan Khanate. Kazan became the capital of the newly formed state. Ivan the Terrible conquered the Empire of the Kaza Khanate and incorporated it into the Russian Empire in 1552. The Tatars made numerous attempts to throw off Tsarist rule, they did not succeed. After the Bolshevik Revolution, the Tatar-Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was set up within the Russian federation. Geography The official name of the state is the Republic of Tatarstan. The Republic of Tatarstan is located on the eastern frontier of Europe in the middle of the Volga-Basin at the confluence of the Volga and Kama rivers. In the north, it borders Udmurtia, in the west - Mari and Chuvashia, in the east - Bashkkortostan, and in the south - Samara Region with an area of 68,000 square kilometers. The Republic extends some 290 kilometers north to south and 460 kilometers west to east. Tatarstan has no borders with foreign states. The territory of the Republic is a plain, which lies in forest and forest-steppe zone with small hills on the right bank of the Volga and in the southeast of the Republic. Ninety per cent of the territory is 200 meters above sea level. Local fauna is represented by 430 species of vertebrates and hundreds of species of invertebrates. The climate is moderate-continental. Droughts are occasional. Average temperature of the coldest month (January) is -13C, of the warmest (July) +19C. Annual average amount of precipitation is 460-520 mm. The vegetation period is about 170 days. Until 1552 Kazan had been the capital of Kazan Khanate, later it became the capital of Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. Today, Kazan is the capital of the Republic of Tatarstan. The territory of Kazan City stands at 425 square kilometers populated by about 1.2 million people. The citizens of the capital are representatives of more than 101 nationalities. Kazan in Tatar means cauldron. The name reflects the raging and dynamical history of the city. People The population of Tatarstan is 3.7 million, of which 48% are Tatars and 43% Russians. Only 23% of Tatars live in Tatarstan. The Tatars descends from nomadic tribes that migrated westward from southern Siberia between the 10th and the 13th centuries. The term, Tatar, refers to a people with roots from three main ethnic groups of Turkic origin. The official languages are Tatar and Russian. Since the end of the 7th century, the predominant ethnic group is the Turkic-speaking people. Multicultural contacts with the Russian State influenced both the Tatars and the Russians in cultural, language and other spheres. The Tatars assimilated from the Russians agricultural methods, specific construction methods, certain crafts and many social institutions. Some Russian noble families trace back to Tatar origin. Economy Tatarstan is economically a very important region. Main resources include crude oil, land, and water. The republic possesses high scientific and intellectual potential. Key industries are oil production and petrol chemistry, aircraft industry, mechanical engineering and instrument making. The region produces oil, gas and has many highly developed industries for machine-building products such as heavy trucks and bombers. Its economic and strategic value is possibly the primary reason for the special position of Tatarstan within the Russian Federation. The main wealth of Tatarstan is crude oil. Its biggest oil deposits are the oil fields located in the Southeast and the Northeast of Tatarstan. The first industrial oil deposit was discovered in July 1943; industrial exploitation started in September, 1946. Along with crude oil, gas is extracted. Among other fuel resources, Tatarstan possesses brown and black coal, combustible slates and peat. Kazan is the main economic center of Tatarstan. Thirty-five percent of the population is employed in economic activity concentrated in Kazan. One hundred and fifty-one large and medium-size companies are situated in the city. Main branches of industry are automotive, chemical and petrochemical, light and food industries. About 48% of goods produced in Tatarstan are sold inside the Republic, about 31% are sold in Russia and the remaining 21% are exported. Electronic mass media is developing very quickly in Tatarstan. Sixty- five television companies, radio-stations, electronic systems, video- programs, television information agencies are registered in the Republic. Twenty-three television stations are operating, including five in Kazan. There are thirty radio stations in Tatarstan, 14 of them in Kazan. Current situation The Republic of Tatarstan is a democratic constitutional state associated with the Russian Federation by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, Constitution of the Republic of Tatarstan and Treaty Between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Tatarstan. Tatarstan became the first of the autonomous republics to adopt a declaration of sovereignty in 1990. However, this declaration was not recognized by the Russian Federation. In 1992, the Tatarstan government organized a referendum on the sovereignty of Tatarstan. Sixty-one percent voted in favor of state sovereignty and adopted its own republican constitution. In 1994, the presidents of Russia and Tatarstan signed a bilateral power-sharing treaty on behalf on the Russian Federation and the Republic of Tatarstan, respectively. The treaty recognizes extensive self-government rights of Tatarstan, beyond those enjoyed under the Russian Constitution, however, it falls short of recognizing state sovereignty. By 1995, the economy of Tatarstan began to improve and the standard of living in Tatarstan is higher than in other parts of the Russian Federation. The positive developments started in 1995 continue. The special status of the Republic within the Russian Federation is probably one of the reasons for the growing economy in Tatarstan. The republic has actively taken part on behalf of the Russian Federation, in delegations that carried out work for the UN, the Council of Europe and several international organizations. The Station Radio Tatarstan's external service, Voice of Tatarstan ("Tatarstan Awazy"), started on 1st August 1997. The shortwave frequencies are relayed from a high power transmitter at Samara and have been confirmed by various worldwide monitoring observations. The Voice of Tatarstan international service is mostly in the Tatar language. Although programming is mainly in the Tatar language, news bulletins in the Russian language are carried in most weekday broadcasts. A full Russian language broadcast has been carried on Wednesdays during the 3rd transmission and on Thursdays during the 1st and 2nd transmissions. You may be able to identify the station by its Tatar and Russian language identification announcements. In Tatar it is, "Efirda Tatarstan Awazy." In Russian, the identification is, "v efire Golos Tatarstana." The Voice of Tatarstan provides up-to-date information about events taking place in the Republic of Tatarstan. The station broadcasts political and cultural news, literature features, and interviews with prominent people, and folk music. Broadcasts go out three times a day. During the summer transmissions can be heard at 0400-0500 UT on 11,665 kHz beamed to the Far East; 0600-0700 on 9,690 to the Urals, Western Siberia, and CIS; 0800-0900 on 11,925 to the European part of Russia and Northern Europe. During the winter transmissions can be heard at 0500-0600 UT on 15,105 to the Far East; 0700-0800 on 15,105 kHz to the Urals, Western Siberia, and CIS; 0900-1000 on 11,915 kHz to the European part of Russia and Northern Europe. The latter transmission is relayed on 252 kHz for Tatarstan and neighboring regions. The shortwave broadcasts are relayed via the nearby Samara transmitting site but the longwave signal comes from Kazan itself. The Voice of Tatarstan is a very good verifier of listener reception reports. For a brief period of time after the events of September 11, 2001, the station was reluctant to receive postal mail. However, things are returning to normal so postal mail is once again being accepted from overseas listeners. Unfortunately, due to the lack of funds, the station asks its listeners to help compensate the costs of printing and the mailing of QSL cards. The return postage requirement is a modest one IRC for Russia and CIS states, and two IRCs (or US$1.00) for the rest of the world. Alternatively, listeners in Russia may send mint stamps (3 x postage price of ordinary internal letter). English language reports can be sent to Ildus Ibatullin, the QSL Manager, at the following address: Voice of Tatarstan, QSL Manager, P. O. Box 134, Kazan, Tatarstan 420136, Russia The station also introduced an honorary diploma. To receive it, applicants must send in 12 correct reports during a year. The diploma costs 2 IRCs for Russia, and 4 IRCs for abroad. Direct your applications to the above address. You will receive an information sheet about the diploma in the QSL response to your first reception report. Remember to send in those Voice of Tatarstan logs to Edwin Southwell for the Shortwave Logbook and those interesting QSL verifications to Mark Hattam for inclusion in the QSL Report column. Good luck with this DX Target (Rich D`Angelo, Oct World DX Club Contact via Mike Barraclough, DXLD) ** TIBET. CHINA (Tibet) 9490, China Tibet People's Broadcast Co. Full data prepared card signed by Miss Tse Ring Yuzen, President of Tibet Radio, and stamped with the station seal. They actually took the trouble of modifying my prepared card by pasting their Tibet Radio logo over one of my clipart graphics. It will be interesting to see if they now adopt this version of my card as their own design. Received in 5 weeks for my English language report on their "Holy Tibet" program. Also included was a letter from the show's hostess, Tse Ring Deky, about her background and interests, program schedules, and a postcard (George Maroti, NY, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** TURKEY. The Voice of Turkey has this schedule for English services, effective October 27: 0400-0500 6020 to North America and Europe 2300-0000 6020 to North America and Europe 1930-2030 9890 to Europe 2130-2230 9525 to Australia and Asia 2300-0000 9655 to North America and Europe 1330-1430 17690 to Australia and Asia 1330-1430 17815 to Europe (Bob Padula, EDXP Sept 27 via DXLD) ** TURKMENISTAN. Since Sep 12, I have noticed a strange transmitter problem at the Asgabat frequency of 4930. It is scheduled to sign on at 0100 with the HS2 program, but when the carrier comes on around 0044 with a constant tone, the programme of HS1 can also be heard in AM and USB // to its ordinary frequency of 5015. At 0100 the HS2 program starts on 4930 in AM and USB, but HS1 continues underneath until fade out at 0305. Both are in the Turkmen language. 43443 (Anker Petersen, Denmark, DSWCI DX Window Sept 25 via DXLD) ** U A E. Noticed last night that the 0330 UAE English frequency (shown as 15400) was in fact 15395. Came in quite well at my QTH in Eastern PA. The current edition of the Prime Time database shows 15400. Regards, (Richard Cuff, PA, Sept 27, DX LISTENING DIGEST) We had a report not long ago that both were in use one night at this time. So, you never know... (gh, DXLD) ** U A E. Gospel for Asia/Athmee Yathra He in various langs* via DHA 500 kW / 085 deg 1230-1330 on 15590 (45444) 1600-1630 on 11695 (44454) 2330-0130 on 6025 (55444) *Bengali; Hindi; Malayalam; Tamil; Dzonkha; Punjabi; Nepali; Oriya; Marathi; Sinhala; Kannada; Kashmiri (Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 27 via DXLD) ** U K [non]. RADIO ATLÁNTICO DEL SUR The article in August Contact on the background to the Argentine station Liberty which operated during the Falklands war mentioned the British equivalent Radio Atlántico del Sur. This came on the air on 19th May 1982 at 2300 on 9710 using the Ascension Islands relay transmitter; schedule was 2300-0200 and 0930-1030. The BBC issued this press statement the same day: "The Ministry of Defence this morning contacted the BBC to make available one of the transmitters at the Atlantic relay station at Ascension Island. A letter written on behalf of the Secretary of State for Defence to the Director General required this under the terms of Article 19 of the Licence and Agreement. The BBC will accordingly make a transmitter available to the Ministry of Defence for its own broadcasting purpose." This clause in the then BBC licensing agreement gave the government the right to take over transmitters in times of crisis. Two trade unions at the BBC protested that the takeover was "a gross interference in the independence and editorial freedom of the BBC". The station was operated by Defence Ministry personnel who said the BBC Latin American service was not sufficiently focused on the Falklands conflict; this service was not affected in terms of frequency output by the station but the BBC World Service was. The station had a magazine format and phony record dedications, music with a psywar theme such as Chariots of Fire was regularly heard. The station was subject to front page ridicule in the quality British press; they commented that the announcers were not native Spanish speakers, spoke in a Cambridge educated Chilean accent, the music chosen would not appeal to Argentinean forces and that the station was so obviously phony that it would have no effect. The estimated cost of the operation was 10 to 20 thousand pounds a week. Argentina did jam the station but the jamming was ineffective. Argentina was also jamming the three BBC Latin American service frequencies and the Calling the Falklands programme. The station was well received in the UK and I decided to try sending a report to Radio Atlántico del Sur, Ministry of Defence, Whitehall, London WC1 to see what, response, if any, I would get. I was surprised and pleased to receive a printed card in just 8 days, the first one reported. The card showed radio waves going from the UK to the Falklands with the slogan "Bringing Truth to the Front." I remember making some remarks about my interest in, and the effect of, psychological warfare in conflicts as on the back of the card was the personal message "Thanks you for your letter and helpful comments. If you felt sufficiently strongly it would help our cause if you conveyed the same sentiments to the press. The Times and the Observer have written articles which appear very prejudiced to us. You will appreciate that we cannot reply directly ourselves as MOD employees". Going back to the Liberty station I have some recordings, it could be heard fairly well in the UK but the modulation was not perfect, opening and closing announcement over a lush orchestral version of Yesterday was "I am Liberty and I am speaking to you from the heart of our Malvinas, Georgias and South Sandwich Islands. I am a voice, a spirit, a country. I am now as ever a woman who is proud that the world listens when Argentina speaks". Researched from June and July 1982 issues of Contact and North American Shortwave Association FRENDX as well as my own memories (Mike Barraclough, Oct World DX Club Contact via DXLD) ** U S A. WWRB is currently testing nightly on the new frequency of 5050 kHz. I heard them on Thursday 0000 UT. At the top of the hour I heard the owner (I forget his name) stating that they will be testing nightly on 5050 and eventually replacing 5085. Tuning between the two frequencies, I must say that 5050 has a much better signal with less QRM. The modulation is also much louder up here in Wisconsin. Not sure about any other of their frequencies. Hope you can use this info (Matt Kickbush, KB9WVU, Milwaukee, WI, Sept 26, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A. Thursday September 26, 2002 Report No. IHF-00038 RE: ACTIONS TAKEN INTERNATIONAL HIGH FREQUENCY The Commission, by its International Bureau, took the following actions pursuant to delegated authority. The effective dates of the actions are the dates specified. For more information concerning this Notice, contact Tom Polzin at 418-2148; tpolzin@fcc.gov TTY 202-418- 2555. Construction Permit Date Effective: 09/25/2002 Grant of Authority AURORA COMMUNICATIONS INTERNATIONAL, INC. NEW IHF-C/P-20010521-00004 P Construction Permit Date Effective: 08/16/2002 Grant of Authority Grace Missionary Baptist Church, Inc. NEW IHF-C/P-20020510-00002 P (via Benn Kobb, DXLD) See also ALASKA and below ** U S A. The FCC has released a public notice showing the grant of a new HF station to Grace Missionary Baptist Church, apparently at the same location as WTJC. Report No. IHF-00038 Thursday September 26, 2002 INTERNATIONAL HIGH FREQUENCY RE: ACTIONS TAKEN IHF-C/P-20020510-00002 P NEW Grace Missionary Baptist Church, Inc. Construction Permit Grant of Authority Date Effective: 08/16/2002 For more information concerning this Notice, contact Tom Polzin at 418-2148; tpolzin@fcc.gov; TTY 202-418-2555. (Donald Wilson, Sept 27, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A. I haven't seen this one logged anywhere yet: 5919.93, WBOH? 0226 Sept 30. Contemporary gospel music; // WTJC 9730. FBN web site at http://home.ec.rr.com/fbn/ says they're setting up WBOH 5920 kHz. They're on now. Hard to get excited about a new Bible-thumper, but there they are. Haven't IDed yet, maybe at TOH (Ralph Brandi, NJ, Cumbre DX via DXLD) Viz.: FBN is in the midst of setting up the SECOND Shortwave station here in Newport, N.C.. The goal is to reach Central and South America with the Gospel of Jesus Christ in English, Spanish, and Brazilian Languages. WBOH 5920 kHz Worldwide Beacon Of Hope Pix at http://home.ec.rr.com/fbn/Projects.htm (via DXLD) ** U S A. 7490, WJIE Upton KY (presumed); 2106-2118+, 29 Sep; M speaking in Glossalalia? Occasional Hallelujah and I'm pretty sure he mentioned Oxana Bajul and Lulu. Wonder what their Glossalalia service sked is? Different M in Glossalalia at 2137. Sounds like their audio problem has been solved. S10 sig (Harold Frodge, MI, via George Maroti, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** U S A. I still haven`t heard Al Weiner`s 17495 kHz. I`ve listened many times for programs that were supposed to be there at a certain time, but never heard a thing. Oh well, maybe the elevation of the beam is such that it puts me right in the middle of the first skip (Pete Bentley, East Aurora NY, Sept 23, DX LISTENING DIGEST) WBCQ ** U S A. QSL report: WCNZ Marco is 1660 kHz - friendly e-mail VL with coverage map and program sked as attachments from Russ Stonier- Hammett GM W6NNP (Paul Ormandy, NZ, Sept 28, DX LISTENING DIGEST) But: ** U S A. X bander to listen out for, now it's back on full power (from Naples Daily News, Florida): RADIO STATION 1660 AM AT FULL STRENGTH AFTER NEW TRANSMITTER IS INSTALLED Thursday, September 26, 2002 By LAURA LAYDEN Russ Hamnett, the general manager for 1660 AM, is singing a happy tune again. He feels better than he has in months now that his radio station is back to full power. Lightning knocked the station off the air on June 12. The station's owner, All Financial Network Inc., struggled for eight days to get it up and running again. When it finally did, the station ran at only 4,000 watts, instead of the customary 10,000. All Financial Network had to resort to using a 40-year-old transmitter as a back-up, while it worked to repair the transmitter damaged by lightning. When it became clear that the broken transmitter would be too hard to fix, another one had to be ordered. The new transmitter arrived over the weekend. On Monday, an engineer installed it and the station could once again could be heard from Key West to Port Charlotte. For months, the signal only reached from Marco Island to Bonita Springs. "When the chief engineer turned on the new transmitter just before 5 p.m. not only did we get much louder because our signal was 10 times as strong, all of the sudden it was clean, it was crisp," said Hamnett. "It sounded beautiful. It was just the difference between night and day. It was just incredible." The radio station's signal had become much weaker in recent weeks as the old transmitter started to lose some of its juice. "It was fine up until the last two weeks," Hamnett said. "Then we began to notice it was getting bad, and it kept getting worse. It was getting distorted to the point where it was hard to listen to." All Financial Network also owns 1480 AM, which was knocked off the air the same day as 1660. The company was able to get 1480 back on the air quickly by remote control and that station has been on the air without a hitch ever since. It can be heard in Naples, Marco Island, Everglades City and Chokoloskee. The station's call letters [on 1480] were recently changed from WODX to WVOI, standing for Voice of the Islands. It also has a new "Music of Your Life" format, playing tunes from the 1940s, '50s and early '60s. The station was playing music from the '50s to the '80s, and Hamnett says it didn't fit well with the local market. "Our goal is to be Marco Island's radio station," he said. "It appears on the air, at least it sounds to me, as though Marco Island is being neglected as a city that needs a radio station." (via Alan Pennington, UK, Sept 27, DXLD) ** U S A. TWO KILLED WHEN MASSIVE TELEVISION TOWER FALLS IN WESTERN NEBRASKA By Associated Press, 9/25/2002 13:05 HEMINGFORD, Neb. (AP) A 1,965-foot-high TV tower collapsed, killing two workers who were trying to strengthen the structure, which had been taller than the Empire State Building. Three other workers were injured Tuesday, rescue officials said. The cause of the collapse was being investigated by the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Two of the workers were repairing the roof to a small transmission building at the base of the tower. The three others had been hired to strengthen the tower so it could be equipped for high-definition television transmission, according to the owner, Duhamel Broadcasting Enterprises of Rapid City, S.D. ''I happened to glance up and saw the tower toppling over. It looked like the center section kind of leaned out first and the top fell down,'' said Don Jespersen, a 46-year-old farmer who was working in his field about a half mile away. Jerry Dishong, station manager for ABC affiliate KDUH in Scottsbluff, said there was no apparent reason for the collapse, citing clear and calm weather. After the accident, the station could only be viewed by cable subscribers. Killed were Lawrence A. Sukalec, 59, of Valier, Ill., and Daniel E. Goff, 25, of Sesser, Ill. They were on the tower when it collapsed, according to the Box Butte County sheriff's office. Three other workers were taken to a hospital in Alliance. Two were treated and released and the third was listed in good condition. The tower, about 20 miles northwest of Alliance, had been the tallest structure in Nebraska and one of the world's highest. It was more than 500 feet taller than the Sears Tower in Chicago and 700 feet higher than the Empire State Building in New York City. In 1998, eight skydivers from Utah were arrested for trespassing after jumping from the top of the tower. They left a black flag at its top to show they had made it to what they deemed their ''holy grail.'' (via Mike Terry, DXLD) TOWER COLLAPSE IN NEBRASKA: http://www.omaha.com/index.php?u_np=0&u_pg=36&u_sid=513364 http://www.omaha.com/index.php?u_np=0&u_pg=36&u_sid=514487 73, (via Ken Kopp, Sept 29, DXLD) From Jim (at Concept News) Hello I found a picture of that collapsed tower in Hemingford Nebraska at: http://www.ledgeronline.com/artman/publish/index.shtml "This is the top section of the tower (the antenna can just be seen at left). It is lying to the SE. Another section of the tower can be seen in the background lying to the SW, approximately 600 ft. length. The body of a worker was found next to that section, with his safety harness still attached, according to reports. Ledger/Brian Kuhn "It just came down," said Don Jespersen, who was swathing millet 8 miles west and 9 south of Hemingford. "I glanced over at it, and I couldn't believe what I was seeing. I've seen people parachuting off that tower twice over the years, the last time a couple of years ago. That was a lot more pleasant thing to see than what I saw today." . . . Sep 27, 2002, 9:23am" (via Mike Terry, DXLD) ** U S A. From AP September 29, 2002, 2:09 AM EDT WASHINGTON -- Small Internet radio stations should get an extra six months before being forced to pay royalties to the musicians whose songs they are playing, the chairman of the House Judiciary Committee says. Rep. James Sensenbrenner, R-Wis., introduced legislation late Thursday that would delay until April 20 fees set by the U.S. Copyright Office on webcasters this summer. The copyright office decided in June that webcasters have to pay 70 cents per song heard by 1,000 listeners starting October 20. While the recording industry wanted more, many webcasters say that the rate is too high and will put them out of business. Traditional radio broadcasters are exempt from paying the new royalties, which would go to compensate artists and music labels for using their songs. Over-the-air radio stations use a rate based on a percentage of revenue to pay performers and record labels. Internet radio -- either simulcasts of traditional over-the-air radio or Internet-only stations streamed through the Internet to computers – is becoming more popular at offices and homes as people get high-speed computer connections. It is expected to move more into the mainstream as wireless devices proliferate, allowing listeners to tune in while walking or driving. Copyright © 2002, The Associated Press (via Mike Terry, DXLD) ** VATICAN CITY: Vatican Radio in Hindi/Tamil/Malayalam/English noted on Sep.25/26 1430-1550 on strange MW freq 1470.0 \\ SW freqs 12065 13765 15235. 73 from Ivo and Angel! (Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 27 via DXLD) Here`s apparently why: 15235 minus 13765 equals 1470 (gh, DXLD) ** WALES. Last Sunday marked the 84th anniversary of the first radio message from the United Kingdom being received in Australia. On the 22nd of September 1918, a message of goodwill was sent in Morse code from the Marconi station located near Caernarfon. The callsign was MUU, and the 200-kilowatt transmitter was on 21 kHz, a wavelength of 14,300 metres. The signal was received at Wahroonga near Sydney by Sir Ernest Fisk, an Englishman who had served under Marconi in England. The message of goodwill was published the following day on the front pages of the Australian morning newspapers (RSGB via Mike Terry, Sept 27, DXLD) ** YEMEN. Station list updated using information received from the station: 711 San'a 200 G 0300-1900 760 Alshahr (Mukalla) - G/L 1500-2215 792 Al-Hiswah 100 2 0300-0800, 2 1100-2130 837 San'a 30 2 0300-1700 909 Al-Hudaydah - G/L 1500-2215 1008v San'a 600 G 1400-2215 1071v Taiz 30 G/L 0300-2215 1188 Al-Hiswah - G 0300-2215 Networks: G = General (San'a) prgr, 2 = Second (Aden) prgogram, L = Local programs (approx. 0600-1800). (Mauno Ritola, Finland, Arctic via DXLD) ** YUGOSLAVIA. Radio Yugoslavia heard again on shortwave effective from Sep. 21: 1430-1458 D a l i y 11800 130 deg Arabic to ME no txion on Sep.23! 1500-1528 D a l i y 11870 040 deg Russian to RUS 1530-1543 D a l i y 6100 non-dir Hungarian to Eu 1545-1558 D a l i y 6100 130 deg Greek to SoEaEu 1600-1628 D a l i y 9620 310 deg French to WeEu co-ch RL Armenian 1630-1658 D a l i y 9620 310 deg German to WeEu co-ch RL Armenian 1700-1713 D a l i y 6100 180 deg Albanian to SoEaEu 1715-1728 D a l i y 6100 130 deg Bulgarian to SoEaEu 1730-1758 D a l i y 9620 310 deg Italian to WeEu QRM RFE Serbian 9625 1800-1828 D a l i y 6100 040 deg Russian to RUS 1830-1858 D a l i y 6100 310 deg English to WeEu 1900-1928 D a l i y 7200 250 deg Spanish to SoEu co-ch VOIROI Hebrew 1930-1958 Sun - Fri 6100 310 deg Serbian to WeEu 1930-2028 Sat only 6100 310 deg Serbian to WeEu 2000-2028 Sun - Fri 6100 310 deg German to WeEu 2030-2058 D a i l y 6100 310 deg French to WeEu 2100-2128 D a i l y 6100 310 deg Englidh to WeEu 2130-2158 Sun - Fri 7230 100 deg Serbian to AUS 2130-2228 Sat only 7230 100 deg Serbian to AUS 2200-2228 Sun - Fri 7230 100 deg English to AUS 2230-2258 D a i l y 9580 055 deg Chinese to SoEaAs 2300-2328 D a i l y 9680 265 deg Spanish to SoAmWe 2330-2358 Mon - Sat 9580 310 deg Serbian to NoAmEa 2330-0028 Sun only 9580 310 deg Serbian to NoAmEa 0000-0028 Mon - Sat 9580 310 deg English to NoAmEa 0030-0058 D a i l y 9580 310 deg Serbian to NoAmEa relay HS Belgrade 1 0430-0458 D a i l y 9580 325 deg English to NoAmWe 73 from Ivo and Angel! (Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 24 via DXLD) ** YUGOSLAVIA. After several, months absence, Radio Yugoslavia returned to the air in September, and effective from October 27, there is one daily service to Australia, from 2030-2100, using 7230, in Serbian, which is extended to 2130 on Saturdays. English services are listed for Europe 1930-2000 and 2200-2330 on 6100, 2200-2230 on 6185; 0100-0130 to North America and Europe on 7115; 0200-0230 to North America and Europe on 7130; 1930-2000 to Southern Africa on 9730. The morning Mandarin service to China is 2230-2300 on 9580 (Bob Padula, EDXP Sept 27 via DXLD) +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ MORE USAGE OF THE NEW 15 METRE BAND FOR B-02 For the B-02 season, there is more activity listed for the new 15 metre international HF band, which runs from 18,000 to 19,020. Here are the official schedules, effective Oct-27-2002 to Mar-30-2003! 18900 BULGARIA R. Sofia, 1100-1600 18910 USA WSHB, S. Carolina, 1600-2000 18920 PAKISTAN R. Pakistan, 0500-0700, 0800-1100 18930 USA WYFR, Florida, 1600-1845 18940 NORWAY R. Norway and R. Denmark 1330-1630 18950 NORWAY R. Norway and R. Denmark 0900-1100, 1600-1800, 1200-1400 18960 SWEDEN R. Sweden, Horby 1130-1600 18970 PAKISTAN R. Pakistan, 0600-0700, 0800-1100 18980 USA WYFR, 1545-1745 19000 BULGARIA R. Bulgaria, 1100-1600 19010 SRI LANKA VOA and RFE, Iranawela, 0100-2000 Some interest interesting DX targets there, as the new band develops (Bob Padula, EDXP Sept 27 via DXLD) ### |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| DX LISTENING DIGEST 2-150, September 26, 2002 edited by Glenn Hauser, wghauser@hotmail.com Items from DXLD may be reproduced and re-reproduced only if full credit be maintained at all stages and we be provided exchange copies. DXLD may not be reposted in its entirety without permission. Materials taken from Arctic or originating from Olle Alm and not having a commercial copyright are exempt from all restrictions of noncommercial, noncopyrighted reusage except for full credits HTML version of this issue will be posted afterwards at http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldtd02.html For restrixions and searchable 2002 contents archive see http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldmid.html NOTE: If you are a regular reader of DXLD, and a source of DX news but have not been sending it directly to us, please consider yourself obligated to do so. Thanks, Glenn WORLD OF RADIO 1149: ONDEMAND http://www.wrn.org/ondemand/worldofradio.html [from Fri] (DOWNLOAD) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1149.rm (STREAM) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1149.ram (SUMMARY) http://www.worldofradio.com/wor1149.html AIRINGS ON WBCQ: Mon 0415 on 7415 AIRINGS ON WWCR: Sat 0500, Sun 0230 on 5070, Sun 0630 on 3210 FIRST AIRINGS ON RFPI: Sat 0130, 0730, Sun 0000, 0600 on 7445, 15039 WORLD OF RADIO on WWCR: You will be losing your 12:00 am Midnight time, Saturday on Transmitter #3 but you will now have 1:00-1:30 am Saturday on Transmitter #3. This will take effect around the first week of Oct. (Tammy, WWCR) I.e. On 5070, UT Sat 0600 replaces 0500 (gh) ** ALASKA. USA - KNLS, Alaska B-02 Sked effective 26 Oct to 23 Nov 2002 0800-0900 9615 English 0900-1000 9615 Russian 1000-1100 9615 Mandarin 1100-1200 9615 Russian 1200-1300 9615 Mandarin 1300-1400 11765 English 1400-1500 9615 Mandarin 1500-1600 9615 Mandarin 1600-1700 9615 Mandarin 1700-1800 7355 Russian (Website via Michael Beesley, World DX Club October 2002 CONTACT Magazine via DXLD) ** ANGOLA. 4950, Radio Nacional, 0015-0035 Sept 24. Noted music until 0025 when man and woman in Portuguese Comments. At 0030 back to music. Signal was poor with QRM (Bolland, Chuck, Clewiston, FL, DX LISTENING DIGEST) So, presumed? ** ARGENTINA. Some additional information about the new postal code system mentioned in this column dated 5/8 2002. This new system is called CPA (Código Postal Argentino). The CPA consists of 1 letter identifying the province, 4 digits (the former postal code), 3 letters identifying the specific area. The CPA has been in use since April 1999 for some companies. Now it is in use nationwide at all levels. However it is said on http://www.correoargentino.com.ar/cpa/ that the 4 digit postal code can be used also in the future and that mail with only the 4 digits will be distributed as before (Thord Knutsson, Sept 25, Arctic via DXLD) ** AUSTRALIA. NEW OFF-BAND STATION(S). New activity has emerged on 1674 kHz, and reported in the eastern States at various times. It appears that there may be more than one station using this channel, with locations suggested as NSW and QLD. The NSW site is believed to be at or near Emu Plains (EDXP Sept 24 via DXLD) ** AUSTRALIA. Dennis Adams, in charge of HCJB ministries in Australia, and David Prosheznik (spelling?) of HCJB's engineering center in Indiana were guests on the program. They talked about the status of their project in Australia. HCJB Australia is about three months away from the start of broadcasting. The site in Australia will have a 100- kW shortwave transmitter, which is in the process of being shipped down in a container from Indiana to Australia. There will be three antennas. They are aiming for a target date of December 22, 2002. This is the culmination of a project that has been in the planning stages for a decade. The location in northwest Australia is good for easily reaching Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, Asia in general and the South Pacific; there should be a reach of some 8,000 kilometers. This has the potential to reach 60% of the world's people. They hope to eventually build their own hydro-power plant if the funds become available. Two Australian engineers have been trained at HCJB's engineering center in Elkhart, IN for the last month to become acquainted with the workings of the transmitter. Also, HCJB engineer Don Hastings will go to Australia around October 1st to help with construction of transmission lines, antennas and towers. Another engineer will go there in November, when the transmitter is supposed to arrive, and he will help with its installation. The first week of December, another engineer will oversee the final testing of the transmitter. After the New Year, a retired HCJB engineer will go to Australia, as will John Stanley. HCJB is looking for volunteers with radio engineering backgrounds who would be willing to help get things started during 2003, and who can spend from two weeks to two months in Australia. HCJB Australia will broadcast in English only at first for ten hours each day, with five hours for the South Pacific and five hours for Asia. They plan to add other languages as soon as it is practical to do so; if it is possible to introduce a second transmitter by the end of 2003, that will make this possible, as well as additional English broadcasts. There will be an ISDN line to carry programming from the studios in Melbourne to the transmitter site; later, as more transmitters are added, it will be more cost-effective to replace that with satellite feeds. The HFCC recently granted frequencies for HCJB Australia, and that will include the frequencies that HCJB has already been using to reach the South Pacific. Once the Australian site goes on-line, HCJB will no longer broadcast to the South Pacific directly from Ecuador. For India, they will start on 15130, and then change later in the day to 15135. They will probably QSL from the studios in Melbourne, although the details have yet to be worked out since there is so much else to be done; more will be announced. The ID that will be used on the air will not be "The Voice of the Andes;" the words "HCJB Australia" will be part of it, but the final form of the ID is to be announced later. For more information, one can go to the website at http://hcjb.org Also, one may send an e- mail to HCJB Australia at office@hcjb.org.au (HCJB DX Partyline Sept 21, notes by Marie Lamb for Cumbre DX, via DXLD) ** BOLIVIA. Bolivia has adopted a new telephone system. The country is now divided in 3 different areas. Thus the departments of La Paz, Oruro and Potosi have trunk code 2, Santa Cruz, Beni and Pando have 3 and Cochabamba, Chuquisaca and Tarija have 4. The new phone number consists of the former trunk code and the former number. An example: (52)40035 now is (02)5240035. (R. F. Aragão, Bolivia, Arctic via Tore Larsson via DXLD) ** CANADA. 1610, CJYI [sic], Montreal QC; 2353-2408+, 23/24-Sep; M in FF w/FF tune! Only hrd Spanish music previous days. ID promo at 2401. Didn't hear call letters but several mentions of Montreal including, "...parlez Francaise Montreal..." [sic]. 2405 continued with Caribe tune. Mainly fair w/QSB, USB helps. Freq seems to be slightly higher than 1610.0. QC #23 (Harold Frodge, 5525 Whitehall St., Midland MI 48642 Midland MI: Drake R8B + 85'/215' RW's, 125 ft. single loop, Cumbre DX via DXLD) Should be CJWI ** CHINA. Xinjiang PBS. Additional frequencies are 9835 in Chinese, obviously the daytime companion of 5960, and 11975, which has Kyrgyz from 0330 and 0530, replacing 7120 and parallel with 9705. As Kyrgyz is spoken in the SW part of Xinjiang, the transmissions may be directional to that area. It appears that 9510 is being used as the daytime companion of 6190 for Mongolian, though not confirmed here. {Correxion: See DXLD 2-151} Re 4750. This frequency houses two different transmitters, one in the east having a very buzzy carrier and carrying CNR-1, and a second one in Qinghai carrying Qinghai PBS with clean carrier and audio (Olle Alm, Sweden, Sept 22, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** CHINA. FALUN GONG DISRUPTS TV SIGNAL Tue Sep 24,12:01 PM ET By TED ANTHONY, Associated Press Writer BEIJING (AP) - In their most brazen electronic hacking yet, supporters of the outlawed Falun Gong movement have staged a "TV hijacking" by interrupting transmissions on a satellite system that broadcasts to every corner of China, the government asserted Tuesday night. Using its official Xinhua News Agency, the government released an extraordinary 1,100-word dispatch about the latest hacking incident, saying it had traced the illegal transmissions over the Sino Satellite, or Sinosat, system to a pirate broadcast operation in Taipei, Taiwan. "Why do some Falun Gong die-hards dare to blemish modern civilization in such a barefaced manner?" Xinhua said in an accompanying editorial. Falun Gong has made a practice in recent months of hacking into local TV feeds and broadcasts, often broadcasting pirate transmissions to tout the benefits of the group and convince the citizenry that Chinese authorities have treated it unfairly. China says such transmissions have "disrupted the public order" and go against international communications standards. Xinhua said the latest hacking, which it called a "TV hijacking," began Sept. 9 and had affected signals of a service designed to enable remote villages across the country to see broadcasts from China Central Television, or CCTV, the leading government-run network. The television break-ins have embarrassed the government, which calls the protest videos "reactionary propaganda" and says they threaten social stability. In that spirit, China's national news also dedicated three minutes of its newscast Tuesday night to the latest hacking. Officials said they were sure the hacking originated in Taiwan, and called upon its government to help track down the culprits. "We've utilized a wide range of technical means to monitor and analyze the hijacking signals and made an accurate positioning of the hijacking source. Specialists are completely certain," said Liu Lihua, director of the radio bureau of the Ministry of Information Industry. In Taipei, Taiwan's government did not immediately respond to the accusation. The commandeering of the satellite signal also interrupted transmission of the China Education TV Station and some provincial- level TV stations, Xinhua said, and in some cases cut off television entirely for viewers in some rural and mountainous areas. "This seriously damaged the rights and interests of the audience and affected the normal education order of schools and as well as the learning activities of students," Zhang Tianlin, vice president of the education station, was quoted as saying. The dispatch also blamed Li Hongzhi, the U.S.-based spiritual leader of Falun Gong, which the government outlawed in 1999. An official with the Taiwan Affairs Office, which handles relations with the island's government, said Taiwan authorities must track down and punish the hackers. "The Taiwan side is responsible for stopping the criminal activity immediately," said the official, whom Xinhua did not name. Though Taiwan operates as a sovereign nation, Beijing considers it part of China and, indeed, referred to the hacking as originating in "Taiwan province." Last week, 15 people convicted of breaking into a cable television system to show videos protesting China's ban on Falun Gong were sentenced to up to 20 years in prison. The sentences were among the longest yet imposed in the campaign to crush the spiritual movement, which had millions of followers before it was banned. Thousands of Falun Gong followers have been detained. Most are freed after a few months, though a government official told The Associated Press earlier this year that nearly 1,300 had been sentenced to prison. Falun Gong activists abroad say hundreds of supporters have been killed in detention. Chinese officials deny killing detainees but say some have died in hunger strikes or from refusing medical help. The government expends great resources to make sure that Chinese citizens cannot view Falun Gong and other politically sensitive Web sites. It blocks access to such sites through Internet providers and requires Internet café owners to monitor the sites their customers visit. A special police force monitors chat rooms and personal e-mail and erase online content considered undesirable. Internet portals have been warned they will be held responsible for sites they host. In a separate incident, the manager of the Dalai Lama's computer network in Dharmsala, India, alleged that the Chinese government has tried to hack into it repeatedly over the past month with a special virus to steal information. Jigme Tsering, manager of the Tibetan Computer Resource Center, which provides Internet services and manages the network of the Tibetan Buddhist leader's exile government, made his comments late Tuesday evening, and no immediate comment was available from the Chinese government in Beijing. Tsering said that Chinese hackers sent the virus at least twice between late August and Sept. 15. China views the Dalai Lama, the Tibetan spiritual leader, as a "splittist" who threatens Beijing's rule over Tibet (via Mike Terry, DXLD) ** CHINA [non]. Falun Dafa World Radio, 24 September 2002, 5925 via Vilnius, Lithuania, 2145-2200. Vocals by Man and Woman in Chinese with mentions of Falun Dafa. Music in the background at the end being played on a piano. Listened right up until end of broadcast and the piano music gained some singing by a female with it. At 2200 the broadcast closed. SINO was 5545 overall during the period of listening (DX Dave, Bristol, England, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** COLOMBIA? 6010.26, 19.9 0340, unID Spanish with mainly "light" music with Christian touch. Too weak to read, and later in the morning the frequency was blocked by an English program. Voz de tu Conciencia on air now? QSA 1. JE/RFK (= Jan Edh, Ronny Forslund, SW Bulletin, translated by editor Thomas Nilsson for DXLD) ** DENMARK. From yahoo news (a few days old) Mon Sep 16, 6:13 AM ET COPENHAGEN, Denmark - Public radio and television stations resumed broadcasting regular news broadcast on Monday after about 1,200 journalists ended a monthlong strike over wage negotiations. The employees at Danish Broadcasting Corp., known as DR, walked out on Aug. 19 after rejecting a new wage system that would make a large part of each journalists' wage negotiable instead of mandated by a scale. The journalists didn't oppose individual salary talks but demanded that a shop steward take part in the negotiations. "Our members demand solidarity in talks about wages," said Mogens Blicher Bjerregaard, the head of the Danish Union of Journalists. Last week, the DR management accepted their plea and two-thirds of the striking journalists voted over the weekend to resume work on Monday. The strike had forced the broadcaster to cancel most of its news and news-related programs on its two TV channels. However, management staff continued producing a Web site and radio news in shorter versions. The strikers included some 950 employed journalists and more than 200 free-lancers. DR, which is one of Denmark's two big national broadcasting groups, has about 3,300 employees. It runs two television stations and four radio channels. The average pay for a Danish journalist is 33,000 kroner (dlrs 4,350) per month. This compares to an average monthly income of 17,000 kroner (dlrs 2,250) in the Scandinavian nation of 5.3 million people (via Mike Terry, DXLD) ** ECUADOR. HCJB is offering the 1977-F QSL card, which shows an engineer working on the 49-meter transmitter. It may be requested in place of the regular HCJB QSL when you send your reception report. The postal address: DX Party Line ** HCJB ** Casilla 17-17-691 ** Quito ** Ecuador. E-mail: dxpl@hcjb.org.ec Reports may also be sent via the HCJB website at: http://hcjb.org/english There are links there for sending a reception report and for the DX Partyline home page, which may also be reached directly at: http://dxpl.hcjb.org (HCJB DX Partyline Sept 21, notes by Marie Lamb for Cumbre DX, via DXLD) See also AUSTRALIA ** EUROPE. Euro's SENSATION AM; 15785.15, 2259-2315+, 23-Sep; M in EE w/not-too-oldies, lite pop tunes. Several IDs and gave PO address. SIO=222/best in USB (Harold Frodge, MI, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** FRANCE [non?], 25775.0/AM, Radio France (tentative); 1642-1708+, 23 Sep; Chatty M&W in FF w/EE pop tunes. 1659 tentative "R. France" spot. Same M&W continue in FF w/pop music but now FF tunes. This sounds like the programming usually heard on 162 KHz. SIO=222/raspy buzz QRM and fady, occasional fair peaks. Cleanest in LSB. Barely detectable, if them, @1933. Zilch there @2250 (Harold Frodge, MI, Cumbre DX via DXLD) I got a message from Wian Stienstra in The Netherlands about the phone number mentioned in the English program on 25775. To put it in short: 33 99 12 41 32 is old Rennes (or Cesson-Sevigne) number before April 1996. Then the French telephone numbers were changed. This number is now 332 99 12 41 32. Wian dialed this number and it went to TDF Research. The guy on the phone knew nothing about these 25 MHz tests and told that development of DAB in France had actually stopped. So the test "program" seems rather old. Many thanks Wian, for excellent info. Back to logs of this station. 25765, Sep 24 tune in at 0850, BBC WS "World Football" program. They passed TOH without any id. Rechecking at about 0950 same program starts again. On 25775 nothing heard. On 25765 I got only LSB and AM. Signal strength was similar to previous days on 25775. Listening again at 1020, the loop seems to be some 30 minutes. Some music in between. Still on as writing this at 1025. RFI was on 25820 with much stronger signal. Yesterday, 24 Sep I checked 25765 at times and until at 1630 they were still running football loop. But at 1644 25765 was silent and instead some music on 25775. At 1646 they popped up again on 25765 and started a short id-ts-news in loop. A BBC WS promo, time signal and some seconds of "World Briefing" program, back to promo etc. At about 1815 signal disappeared. Today, 25 Sep tune in at 0709 the French/English program in loop was again on 25775, both sidebands and carrier. Wonder if this is one transmitter or two different sites? Merlin and/or TDF? Tests for DRM? (Jari Savolainen, Kuusankoski, Finland, DX LISTENING DIGEST) 25775: Just to let you know that I logged this station together with Johan Letterstål as early as 020616 with promos for Planete Futuroscope. Will send you the full log when I get home later today. 73 de (Kjell-Ingvar Karlsson, Upplands-Väsby, SWEDEN Sept 24, via Cumbre DX? via DXLD) 25775, Took another listen to this one today and finally got a phone number 339-912-4132. Tried it, but am told it won't go through here as it is toll free for France. Tourist loops for the Cotentin (sic) region of France. Image projection technology museum, interview with novelist who wrote "Regard from Indochina." ID as "Weekend Edition" and mentioning that they are putting out special offers via DAB. Best during the 1900 hour (Hans Johnson, WY? Sep 24, Cumbre DX via DXLD) [non?] This station was heard in Sweden as early as the 16th of June by me and a DX-fellow. As there were many references to Planete Futuroscope, a high-tech fun park in France, an email report was sent. The response: Hello, Thank you very much for your message. As far as we can understand, the radio programme you heard came from a radio in Quebec, or in any other French-speaking country (but not France)! We are not involved in any way in that programme! However, it is very nice that a foreign radio speaks about our park! Best regards, Valérie, Webmaster - contacts@futuroscope.fr PLANETE FUTUROSCOPE, embarquez pour des voyages inédits http://www.planete-futuroscope.com The new info on DXLD seems interesting and would explain the mystery! At one moment I thought of a bad FM-tx where 25775 would be the leaking IF (prior quadrupling it to 103,1 MHz). Yes I know... crazy... 73 de (Johan Letterstål, Saltsjö-Boo, Sept 23, DX homepage (swe): http://user.tninet.se/~zrk946c/dx.html DX LISTENING DIGEST) Very interesting. I was just checking the Futuroscope sites for possible info. Give up now:). Well, they signed off today again at the same time just prior 1800. I'm not sure, but it did look like they were on 25774.5 that time. In the end of the English portion I copied "...339 912 4132 the lines are open...listeners to the DAB system, take advantage of this special offer. Tune in again next week same time, same place." Also French portion mentions "DAB". I recall I saw somewhere an article about DAB used for tourist info at Futuroscope. An old tape played for test purposes? This really sounds more powerful than a TIS station. 73 (Jari Savolainen, Kuusankoski, Finland, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** GERMANY. Bayerischer Rundfunk 6085: There is no firm decision to shut-down the shortwave transmitter so far, apparently the person behind WB's source was a bit rash. Of course it can only help that this discussion came to our attention. Wertachtal 25760: IBB [to be] on 11 metres after hardly using even 13 metres so far? Quite remarkable (Kai Ludwig, Germany, Sept 25, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** KAZAKHSTAN [non]. Re: ``I believe Samara has been suggested, and various reports indicate somewhere in Russia. I find this a bit hard to believe, given the close ties still between the two countries (Glenn Hauser, DX LISTENING DIGEST)`` Radio Dat seems to have been broadcast from Lithuania all from the beginning. Obviously they had to replace 9775 because of strong co-channel interference from CNR-2 beaming to the adjacent Xinjiang/Tibet zone from the east - a poor choice of frequency. (Olle Alm, Sweden, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** LITHUANIA: Radio Vilnius, 24 September 2002, 5925 via ?, 2205-2206. I left my set on after Falun Dafa [see CHINA non] had finished and, after a few minutes silence from the end of Falun Dafa, came this high pitched noise. I went to turn my set off and just before I pressed the button came an odd-sounding announcement by man in English which said "This is the primary audio circuit of Radio Vilnius". He repeated this once and then the high pitched noise returned. After about 5 seconds the announcement in English by that man ("This is the primary audio circuit of Radio Vilnius") was heard twice more. The transmission then cut out again. Odd. Very odd indeed. SINO 4444 throughout (DXDave, Bristol, England, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** NIGERIA. The former URL of the National Broadcasting Corporation, Nigeria http://www.nbc-ng.org/ now leads to a download of a 0190 dialer (5-6-5-23.exe by download1.0190-dialer.com) Beware! Do not visit this URL if you did not turn off ActiveX in your browser! Then the download would start automatically. I don't know if those dialers can be dangerous in other countries, but in Germany they can lead to a huge telephone bill as they change the dial in number of your internet account... Regards, (Willi Passmann, hard-core-dx and Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** NORWAY [and non]. I was really surprised tonight after posting earlier about a carrier on 1314 kHz. Here are the results. 1314 kHz was the best with lively music and man in NN at 0310 KHZ 9/24. At 0402 a woman was in NN (News?). Not bad at all holding its own between 1310-1320 khz with the 4 kHz filter. Deep fades at times. The best I have heard Norway in several years. Norway was producing a signal on the two EWEs and the Eastern Beverage, plus even on the vertical, but it was best on the NNW wire. [Other TA carriers:] 711 kHz was only a carrier causing a het on KIRO- 710. Never did get any audio at several tries at 0320, then at 0330, and again at 0341 9/24. 819 Khz again another het against a domestic, KGNW-820, produced no audio at 0315 9/24. 864 kHz, a good strong carrier at 0318 UTC with bits of music, Southern European?, hard to hear with domestic splatter 9/27. 963 kHz, produced a good strong carrier at 0322. I was hoping for some audio on this, presumed Finland, but no audio showed up 9/24. 1008 kHz, another fairly decent carrier at 0325 9/24. No audio heard. 1017 kHz, a very strong carrier with bits of talk at 0328 9/24. German? Not really producing much audio though. 1053 kHz another fairly weak carrier at 0329 9/24. 1593 kHz another weak carrier in splash. Drake R8 400' NNW mini Beverage (Patrick Martin, Seaside OR, KAVT Reception Manager, IRCA et al., via DXLD) ** PARAGUAY. 7300, 6.9 2237, R. América - USB - QSA2 + QRM. Spanish program with call for several other stations with a common program in the background. I sent a description of the program via e-mail. In return I got a confirmation from Adán Mur - it was indeed Radio América I heard TBV (= Tore B Vik, Norway, SW Bulletin, translated by editor Thomas Nilsson for DXLD) 15185, 20.9 2220, unID typical American with a country & w estern program. Lots of splash from the surrounding frequencies made in ID impossible. S 1-4 i dep QSB fading. What ? BEFF /Björn Fransson, SW Bulletin, translated by editor Thomas Nilsson for DXLD) Don`t forget R. Africa, Equatorial Guinea, brokered by Panamerican with American religion, but may fill with such? However, they are never right on 15185.0. Was this? (gh, DXLD) Dear Mr Glenn Hauser: Greetings from Paraguay! To advise that we have had excellent results from our testing, on the frequency 7300 KHZ. This frequency serves well our primary region of audience, as well as far afield. We have received reports from our local region (Argentina/Bolívia/Brasil/Paraguay), and from Australia, Canada, Norway and the U.S.A. Tests on other frequencies in the 7 MHZ range were less successful. Tests on 15185 KHZ brought excellent results, from Germany, but was unheard anywhere else. It appears that we should broadcast in German, on this frequency! We hope to be able to test, on 120 and on 31 metres, shortly. Measured average transmission power, on 7300 KHZ, is now 1.6 KW. With best regards. (Adán Mur, Technical Advisor, Radiodifusión América, Asunción, Paraguay ramerica@rieder.net.py Sept 24, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** RUSSIA [non]. 7417, 18.9 0455, Radio Krishnaloka sounded like a real radio amateur/pirate transmitter. Religious end of today`s program with www-address and e-mail. S 1-3 and a lot of QRM from WBCQ. Fast answer with e-mail from St Petersburg. BEFF. [later:] Radio Krishnaloka, Russia/Ukraina?- 7417. Personal E-mail in English from Aradhana Priya, who has sent my letter to: Awtozavodskaya str., 6 - 24a, Moscow, Ryssland. SM-1? 2 d. BEFF (= Björn Fransson, SW Bulletin, translated by editor Thomas Nilsson for DXLD) ** TANZANIA. Since yesterday (23 September) I'm hearing Radio Tanzania on reactivated 7280 kHz. I've not heard it on this frequency for many months, perhaps not since last year. Parallel frequency 5050 continues to be heard. I've yet to confirm the times of operation on 7280 (it was there yesterday lunchtime but had gone by the evening). Regards, Chris in Nairobi Greenway, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** TIBET [non non]. DXLD Aug 30 had a schedule for Xizang PBS, Tibet, originally coming from the station. This schedule had its flaws, so I have tried to refine it to better match what is being heard. The result is shown below (DXLD Aug 30, updated by Olle Alm) Tibetan channel: 2250-0735 & 0950-1650 4905, 4920, 6200, 5240, 6130, 6110 2250-0200 7385, 7125 0200-0735 9580, 9490 0950-1650 7385, 9490 Chinese channel: 2000-1730 5935, 6050, 4820 2000-0300 7170 0300-1200 11860 1200-1730 7170 2000-0200 7240 0200-1100 11950 1100-1730 7240 The actual frequency changes take place a few minutes before the hour. Only parts of the transmissions have been confirmed due to propagation. As regards sites, I believe that all are located within Tibet, at Lhasa, but there may be two separate sites as 4905 and 7385 often have a satellite delay compared to the other transmitters of the Tibetan channel. Programming heard in the background of 7385/4905 is synchro with the audio of the Chinese channel, so 7385/4905 and the five transmitters of the Chinese channel seem to form one group, while the other six transmitters of the Tibetan channel form a second group. The now defunct former site using 4750, 5950 and 11950 is likely to have been scrapped. These transmitters were lowpowered and more or less off channel, so may have remained from the early days of broadcasting in Tibet. It has been suggested that the new highpowered Tibetan transmitters would actually be located in Xi'an, but this can safely be ruled out due to the many low frequencies used. When Xizang PBS relays CNR-1 the delay is 6 to 8 seconds compared to other transmitters. Some of the current transmitters are probably directional to east and west Tibet. 15285 has also been reported for Tibet, but I have been unable to confirm this one (Olle Alm, Sweden, Sept 22, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U K [non?]. UNKNOWN LOCATION: Laser Hot Hits, 24 September 2002, 6220 via ?, 2207 - 2210. Very variable quality of reception but good music underneath all the noise. What I could hear of it was very nice. Overall reception was somewhat awful but it did get good at one point. SINO mostly 3422 (variable with 4333 and 2122) (DX Dave, Bristol, England, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A. 25950/AM, KPM566 Portland OR (presumed); 1943-2001+, 23-Sep; Reggae music. Sig inaudible to good. I've caught an actual KPM566 ID by these folks twice. There hasn't been any pattern to the ID times. Last hrd 7-Apr-02, with an ID! (Harold Frodge, MI, Cumbre DX via DXLD) {It is KPM556, corrected subsequently; needs to be right for searching} ** U S A. LYRIC OPERA CUTS RADIO BROADCAST Tue Sep 24, 2:14 PM ET By F.N. D'ALESSIO, Associated Press Writer CHICAGO (AP) - A heartbroken Italian clown and a helmeted soprano with a spear; they're the stereotypes who spell grand opera for many people, and they're both on hand this season at the Lyric Opera of Chicago. But the only people who will hear Johan Botha sob as Canio in "I Pagliacci" or Jane Eaglen give her "Hojotoho!" war-cry as Brunnhilde in "Die Walkure" are audience members in the Civic Opera House. For the first time in nearly 30 years, there will be no live radio broadcasts of Lyric's productions this season. The broadcasts' sponsors, United and American airlines, cited financial losses in informing WFMT-FM that they could not continue this season. "The airlines have been wonderful supporters of the arts in this city, but they are facing extraordinarily difficult times," the Lyric's general director, William Mason, said in announcing the suspension only eight days before the Sept. 21 season opener, the double bill of "I Pagliacci" and "Cavalleria Rusticana." WFMT had been broadcasting opening nights of each Lyric production live in the Chicago area since the early 1970s, and had been sending them out in national and international syndication through its WFMT Fine Arts Network since 1977. At the height of their popularity, the broadcasts were carried by some 800 radio stations and were heard by 3 million to 4 million listeners in 40 countries. The suspension means the only remaining regular live opera on American radio will be the ChevronTexaco broadcasts of New York's Metropolitan Opera, which begin their 63rd year Dec. 7. Those broadcasts are carried on 325 stations in the United States and Canada, and some in other countries, said Met spokesman Peter Clark. The problem is bigger than opera, said Dan Schmidt, president and chief executive officer of Window to The World Communications, Inc., WFMT's corporate parent. "The major American symphony orchestras have one by one left the radio - and lost their recording contracts as well," Schmidt said. "We're not teaching classical music in the schools any more, and the sales of classical CDs have fallen off the table," he said. "But the most important factor is that American performing ensembles now have a price structure that is not in keeping with recording contracts and radio broadcasts." Schmidt said each Lyric broadcast last season cost $50,000 to air "and that's for a local-only opening night." "The national syndication cost another $40,000 per performance," he continued. "Our production costs were only $6,000 or $7,000, and the soloists didn't cost that much. Almost all of the rest went toward royalties and fees - especially the orchestra members and the stagehands." At the same time, he said, advertising revenue for classical performances was shrinking. "For the last several years we were really subsidizing the broadcasts," he said. Since the Lyric has nine productions scheduled this season, the total broadcast cost, by Schmidt's estimate, would be $810,000. Mason said that to restore even local broadcasts, at least $400,000 in additional sponsorship would have to be found, in addition to the $15.5 million Lyric must raise to meet its annual fund-raising goal. "It appears we have priced ourselves out of the broadcast market, at least for the time being," Mason said. The Met broadcasts have been subsidized only by Texaco and its successor, ChevronTexaco, since 1940, but Lyric's have had multiple sponsors since now-retired WFMT general manager Ray Nordstrand began them. Insurance companies, utilities, food companies and retailers took turns. And under the leadership of now-retired CEO Richard J. Franke, the John Nuveen Company investment house underwrote the syndication costs for many years. During much of Nordstrand's tenure with WFMT, which lasted from the 1950s until the early 1990s, the station could charge some of the highest advertising rates in its market area because advertisers wanted to reach the generally well-educated and prosperous classical- music audience. The station even had competition from a commercial classical broadcasting rival, WNIB. But with the graying of the classical audience and the skyrocketing cost of broadcast outlets, the situation changed. "WNIB was recently sold for $165 million," Schmidt said. "Of course they changed the format. You can't recoup costs like that through advertising on a classical station. Say you play a Mahler symphony - you can't put many commercials in there." Schmidt said the Lyric broadcasts became "a philanthropic thing for the advertisers" and one of the first things to be cut when the economy took a downturn. Schmidt, Mason and Nordstrand all agreed that the audience for live opera is growing - just not on the radio. "You can't see action on the radio, and you can't read subtitles," Schmidt said. "It requires great concentration and usually great knowledge of opera to enjoy fully. Full-length opera on the radio has always been a challenge - a very specialized taste." (via yahoonews via Artie Bigley, DXLD) ** U S A. Hi Glenn, Sorry for the delay to your inquiry about a VOA program grid. It took me a while to track down the information. VOA English program schedule information is available at the VOA website, although finding it is not especially intuitive. Go to http://www.voanews.com click "About VOA" click "VOA Guide" (along the left margin) click "Adobe PDF version" You now have the VOA Guide just as it is printed. For English to Africa, including "Music Time in Africa," go to page 8. VOA Guide is now published twice a year. The winter 2002/2003 edition will be available soon. Shortcut to VOA Guide is http://www.voa.gov/voaguide.pdf 73 (Kim Elliott, DC, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A. SB QST @ ARL $ARLB057 ARLB057 FCC expands Gulf Coast communications emergency ZCZC AG57 QST de W1AW ARRL Bulletin 57 ARLB057 From ARRL Headquarters Newington CT September 25, 2002 To all radio amateurs SB QST ARL ARLB057 FCC expands Gulf Coast communications emergency The FCC has expanded a general communications emergency to include Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida, which are threatened by Tropical Storm Isidore. Invoking Section 97.401, the FCC issued a revised declaration that requires amateurs to refrain from using 3873 and 3965 kHz during hours of darkness and 7247 and 7285 kHz during hours of daylight. All frequencies are to be protected plus or minus 3 kHz unless amateurs are taking part in the handling of emergency traffic. The FCC said the communications emergency is effective immediately and will remain in place until rescinded. The declaration could be in place for as long as 14 days, the FCC said. Mississippi Section Manager Malcolm Keown, W5XX, and Alabama SM Bill Cleveland, KR4TZ, requested that the FCC protect the net frequencies from interference in the event severe weather strikes. After passing over the western tip of Cuba and the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico, Isidore--now a tropical storm--is headed for the US Gulf Coast. For additional information, see ''Hurricane Watch Net, W4EHW, Reactivating'' http://www.arrl.org/news/stories/2002/09/25/1/ . NNNN /EX (ARRL Sept 25 via David Hodgson, TN, DXLD) Glenn: I heard good coverage of the tropical storm by WWL 870 New Orleans around 0800 Sept 26. Many areas of New Orleans flooded, and without power. 73, (David Hodgson, TN, Sept 26, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A. 660 (KTNN) AZ, Window Rock was evidently off, or on greatly reduced power in early September. No sign of it at 2300 [EDT?] 9/8 or 9/9, or at 0600 9/9. Strong with C&W and local dedication at 2255 on 9/11 (Larry Godwin, MT, IRCA via DXLD) ** VENEZUELA. Between August 31 and September 23, 2002, I realized a DX journey in Venezuela. It was twelve years after my first visit to Venezuela. My first visit to the Dominican Republic {sic} was made as a business trip; thus I did not have enough time to devote myself to monitoring the local broadcasters. The second journey had three objectives: the first was to study the broadcasting circumstances in the western and central region of Venezuela; the second was to visit stations that formerly operated shortwave transmissions; and the third was to visit Cúcuta, the border town of Colombia, where Radio La Voz del Norte broadcast on 4875 kHz until the middle of 1980's. I visited the following cities and broadcasting stations: MARACAIBO: Radio Mara Ritmo 900 (3275 kHz), Radio Popular (4800 kHz), Radio CNB Maracaibo (4860 kHz), Radio Calendario (9530 kHz); CARORA: YVNI Radio Carora (4910 kHz); BARQUISIMETO: Radio Lara (4800 kHz), Radio Tricolor (4820 kHz), Radio Universo (4880 kHz), Radio Juventud (4900 kHz), Radio Barquisimeto (4990 kHz and 9510 kHz); VALERA: Radio Valera (4840 kHz), Radio Turismo (6180 kHz); MERIDA: Radio Universidad de Mérida (3395 kHz), Radio Los Andes (6010 kHz); TOVAR: Radio Occidente (3225 kHz and 9750 kHz), SAN ANTONIO DEL TACHIRA: Radio Frontera (4760 kHz), SAN CRISTOBAL: Radio Tachira (4830 kHz), Ecos del Torbes (4980 kHz and 9640 kHz), Radio Noticias 1060 (ex- Radio San Cristóbal 9610 kHz); BARINAS: Radio Continental (4940 kHz), VALENCIA: La Voz de Carabobo (4780 kHz), CARACAS: Radio Capital (4850 kHz), Radio Venezuela (4890 kHz), Radio Rumbos (4970 kHz and 9660 kHz), Radio Continente (5030 kHz), Radio Mundial (5050 kHz). Unfortunately I could not visit the studios and offices of Radio Nacional de Venezuela, which was located far from the downtown Caracas. Probably I will try to visit it next planning DX journey to Venezuela. During my stay in Venezuela, I made band scans to check over the existence and nature of any broadcasting activity on shortwave. I confirmed that four stations on shortwave in operation: Radio Táchira on 4830 kHz, Radio Amazonas on 4940 kHz, Ecos del Torbes on 4980 kHz and YVTO El Observatorio Naval Juan Manuel Cagigal. There are no other Venezuelan stations regularly on shortwave due to economical reason. Since the middle of the 1990's, many broadcasters abandoned the shortwave transmissions for two main reasons. The first is that commercial broadcasting on shortwave is currently not a prosperous business in Venezuela and it is very expensive to maintain old shortwave transmitters because it is not so easy obtain spare parts. Nevertheless, a couple of commercial stations, located near the border with Colombia, continue to broadcast on shortwave as propaganda for bordering countries. The second is that the gigantic broadcasting networks, which carry the programming produced in Caracas for 24 hours a day, including Circuito Radio Venezuela (CRV), Circuito Radio Caracas Radio (RCR), Circuito Radio Rumbos, Circuito Radio Continente (CRC), AM Center, Unión Radio and Radio Popular, have utilized the satellite broadcasting system since early 1990's. In fact, the satellite broadcasting system can give a wide coverage of all national territory. The detail reports about the old time broadcasters will be published in the future RELAMPAGO DX. TIN (Takayuki Inoue Nozaki, Japan, via Ulis Fleming, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** YUGOSLAVIA. Hi Glenn, The German service has re-started. There's online news, and according to the Web site the shortwave service restarted on 23rd September. Schedule is given as 1630 UT on 9620 and 2000 on 6100 KHz. 73, (Andy Sennitt, Sept 24, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Per your tip the other day, heard Radio Yugoslavia in English on 9580 at *0431-0458* 9/24. Fairly strong signal, tho the audio was a bit muddy/undermodulated. (Chuck Albertson, Seattle, WA, DX LISTENING DIGEST) UNIDENTIFIED. Re: ``30960 (15480 x 2), 1709, Sept 22, Nice 2nd harmonic. More listenable then the fundamental, which was audible with lots of QSB. Did not recognize the lang, but heard mention of "Radio Europa" several times. Could this be from the Czech Republic? (David Hodgson, TN, harmonics yahoogroups via DXLD)`` Woofferton-England R Liberty in Belarus? 15480 1700-1900 29 WOF 250 kW 75 degr G IBB IBB (Wolfgang Bueschel, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ### ||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| DX LISTENING DIGEST 2-149, September 23, 2002 edited by Glenn Hauser, wghauser@hotmail.com Items from DXLD may be reproduced and re-reproduced only if full credit be maintained at all stages and we be provided exchange copies. DXLD may not be reposted in its entirety without permission. Materials taken from Arctic or originating from Olle Alm and not having a commercial copyright are exempt from all restrictions of noncommercial, noncopyrighted reusage except for full credits HTML version of this issue will be posted afterwards at http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldtd02.html For restrixions and searchable 2002 contents archive see http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldmid.html NOTE: If you are a regular reader of DXLD, and a source of DX news but have not been sending it directly to us, please consider yourself obligated to do so. Thanks, Glenn WORLD OF RADIO 1148: BROADCASTS ON RFPI: Wed 0100, 0700 on 7445, 15038.7; webcast Wed 1300 BROADCASTS ON WWCR: Wed 0930 9475 ONDEMAND http://www.wrn.org/ondemand/worldofradio.html (DOWNLOAD) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1148.rm (STREAM) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1148.ram (SUMMARY) http://www.worldofradio.com/wor1148.html WORLD OF RADIO 1149: FIRST AIRINGS ON WBCQ: Wed 2200 on 17495, 7415 FIRST AIRINGS ON WWCR: Thu 2030 on 15825, Sat 0600, Sun 0230 on 5070 FIRST AIRINGS ON RFPI: Sat 0130, 0730, Sun 0000, 0600 on 7445, 15039 (DOWNLOAD) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1149.rm (STREAM) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1149.ram (SUMMARY) http://www.worldofradio.com/wor1149.html INDIVIDUAL DXLDS, JANUARY-JUNE 2002: On our own website we no longer have individual issues before July 1, 2002, just the massive quarterly archives. Individual issues are, however, still available at DXing.com, indexed here: http://www.dxing.com/dxrold.htm -- and 2001 archive is also there UNSOLICITED TESTIMONIAL See EL SALVADOR ** AFGHANISTAN [non]. UNIDENTIFIED. Hi everyone, Has anyone any idea or ID on 18940 from 1400 to 1530 UT? There is a continuously played musical theme played over and over again. Thanks, (BW, location unknown, but an AOL subscriber, not Bill Whitacre, Sept 22, swl via DXLD) If not R. Afghanistan relay programming via Norway, maybe they lost their feed? Yes, there it is before and after 1430 UT Sept 23, booming in better than RA ever did. Seemless loop runs about 20 seconds; quite dramatic! No ID or break at 1500. Still going at 1615+ (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** ANGOLA [non]. Cland? 7205, R. Ecclésia with music then talks by OM YL in Portuguese, sounded like news, a lengthy speech with continuous talks by OM and YL after a short music break at 1925 Sept 20. An interview at 1940 then with International news. Some folk songs at 1944. Closed with Für Elise. At about 1958 BBC suddenly started on this freq. Signal was S9 +10 at 1910 but with strong QRM from both sides but at 1950 signal was 34223 with AM wide (Zacharias Liangas, Retziki, Thessaloniki, Greece, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Via South Africa ** ARMENIA. Thought that you'd like to know that the VOA is using the Yerevan relay in Armenia, on 4810, 1315-1530 for services in Armenian and other languages of the region. At other times, this transmitter/ frequency is used for regular Radio Yerevan/Voice of Armenia services (Bob Padula, Sept 22, EDXP via DXLD) ** AUSTRALIA. Voice International is changing their web address from http://www.vil.com.au/ to http://www.voice.com.au While the new domain site is still under construction inquiries are redirected to the old domain, and messages using old domain references are still delivered. The new address is: Voice International Ltd., Killick St, Kunda Park, QLD 4556. Voice International broadcasts from the former Radio Australia short wave station at Darwin and plans to establish 24 h Christian based companion programmes in English, Mandarin-Chinese, Hindi and Bahasa Indonesia. These programmes might not necessarily be broadcast on shortwave in full but will be offered to rebroadcasting partners via satellite (Dr Hansjoerg Biener, Sept 22, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** AUSTRALIA. The HCJB Australian facility plans to commence on Dec. 25, and here is the proposed initial schedule: 0700-1200 11755 25 kW English to CIRAF 51 56 60 62 63 1230-1430 15130 100 kW English to 41 1430-1730 15135 100 kW English to 41 1730-1800 15430 100 kW Oromo to 48 (Bob Padula, EDXP Sep 22 via DXLD) They have a thing about inaugurating stations on Dec 25. I continue to wonder what they will really call it! Neither `HCJB` nor `Voice of the Andes` seems appropriate (gh, DXLD) The new station in Kununurra, will have to come up with a new station ID since it's not under the HCJB banner in Ecuador. How about "This is the World Radio Missionary Fellowship broadcasting from Kununurra, Australia"? If you've been having trouble with hearing HCJB's broadcasts to India in recent months (0200-0330 on 21470), here's some hope for those in India and South Asia: broadcasts from Ecuador will end by the end of the year (around 12/25/02). So will the broadcasts to the South Pacific from Ecuador, currently 0700-1100 on 11755. Both of the current broadcasts from Pifo will be replaced with the broadcasts from a new 100 kW transmitter in Kununurra, Western Australia. There was a discussion about this on this weekend's DX Party Line broadcast where Allen Graham interviewed two engineers involved in the project (Joe Hanlon in Philadelphia, PA USA, dx_india and Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** AUSTRALIA. ANOTHER RADIO ANNIVERSARY IN AUSTRALIA - VICTORIA`S VK3ME Two weeks ago here in Wavescan, we honored the 75th anniversary of the launching of Australia`s first international broadcasting service. The experimental shortwave station was VK2ME, the location was Sydney in New South Wales, and the date was September 5,1927. Just two days later, another famous ``first`` was achieved in Australia, and this was the launching of another shortwave broadcasting service with a similar callsign, VK3ME. The location was Braybrook, on the edge of Melbourne in Victoria, and the date was September 7, 1927. Let`s go back now to the beginning of this historic radio venture in Australia`s second largest city. Sydney Newman was an engineer with AWA and in 1921 he established an amateur wireless station at his home in Mont Albert Road, a long suburban street running east from downtown Melbourne. It is the same street where the well known Bob Padula lives today, though Sydney Newman`s suburb was Canterbury and Bob Padula`s suburb is Surrey Hills. From this suburban home, Sydney Newman ran many broadcasts over his wireless station VK3ME, sometimes under his own initiative and sometimes as part of his work with AWA. In 1927, Sydney Newman built a shortwave transmitter which was installed with the mediumwave station 3LO in Braybrook and the callsign was transferred from Newman`s home to the new location. Extensive Morse Code tests were conducted over this new transmitter in preparation for launching a new shortwave broadcasting service. After the mediumwave station 3LO signed off at the end of the broadcast day on September 7, 1927, the shortwave transmitter was fired up for the inaugural live broadcast from the 3LO studios in downtown Melbourne. This programming was also picked up by the BBC station 2LO in London and relayed on mediumwave throughout the British Isles. A regular schedule of weekly broadcasts was inaugurated just two months later. On several occasions, the shortwave programming under the auspices of station VK3ME was transmitted by a higher powered 20 kW unit, the communication transmitter VIY which was located at Ballan, further out along the highway running towards Ballarat. On several important occasions, both VK3LR at Lyndhurst and VK3ME at Ballan were heard with parallel programming, usually the broadcast of an international Test cricket match. The AWA communication station at Ballan contained two shortwave transmitters, VIZ and VIY, for wireless communication with England and North America. This station was officially opened also in the year 1927, just five months ahead of the broadcast unit VK3ME. Shortwave broadcasting from 3LO ended in 1929 when the two mediumwave stations in Melbourne, 3LO & 3AR, were amalgamated and ultimately taken over by the government for incorporation into the nationwide network of the Australian Broadcasting Commission. From that time onwards, all shortwave programming was independently produced in the AWA studios, even though the VK3ME shortwave transmitter was still co- located in the same building as the 3LO mediumwave transmitter. Early in its broadcasting history, station VK3ME introduced several important ``firsts`` in Australian shortwave programming, such as the call of the Kookaburra which was later taken over by VK2ME in Sydney, and later again by Radio Australia. The Melbourne station also introduced station announcements in several different languages, and the call of the famous Victorian bird, the Lyre Bird. Interestingly, the wavelength at VK3ME was described at one stage as ``35 yards`` rather than the metric 32 metres. These days, all of these radio facilities are now gone. Earlier this year, Bob Padula, together with his radio colleague Mike Ogrizek, made a historic visit to the area and this is what Bob states. The AWA communication station at Ballan, or Fiskville as it was sometimes termed, is now a training facility for the Country Fire Authority, CFA, in Victoria. The transmitter hall that housed the three shortwave transmitters is still standing and is part of the visitor centre for the CFA. The receiver station at Rockbank was later in use by the Australian Army, but that is also now closed. These days the property is in an extensive farmland area with nearby housing estates slowly moving out that way. The ABC-AWA transmitter base at Braybrook is now absorbed into a a suburban industrial comeplex. All that remains of the historic twelve year era of AWA-3LO-VK3ME on the air shortwave are references in old radio magazines and modern historical journals, and old QSL cards that sometimes surface on ebay, the internet auction site. The VK3ME QSL cards are somewhat similar to the cards that were issued by the sister station, VK2ME. The Melbourne card shows a map of Australia with sparks emanating from a radio antenna. The Story of Radio VK3ME in Victoria -- Known Frequencies: 9110, 9285, 9370, 9375, 9490, 9500, 9510, 9512, 10100, 10530, 11495, 11560, 11580, 12020 (Adrian Michael Peterson, AWR Wavescan Sept 22 via DXLD) ** AUSTRIA [and non]. So to explain again: There are two 'totally different' organizations with the name RAI: 1 - R Africa International, with 'c' in Africa, is a religious organization, which used to broadcast via DTK T-Systems MediaBroadcast Juelich Germany in past. Subsequently the QSL report should sort under Germany. Radio Africa International via DTK Juelich, 100 kW, English religious program, on 15485 at 1800-1900 UT in A-01 season: United Methodist Church/Radio Africa International in French 0400 0600 Daily 11775/140 deg to Ea & Ce Af 0400 0600 Daily 13810/160 deg to Ce & So Af United Methodist Church/Radio Africa International in English 1700 1900 Daily 13820/145 deg to Ea & Ce Af 1700 1900 Daily 15485/160 deg to Ce & So Af [evidently replaced by 15265; see USA non below] Address: The United Methodist Church, 425 River Side Drive, New York NY 10115, U.S.A. 2 - R Afrika International, with 'k' like in German lang. Is a pan- African language local service in Austrian capital Vienna, which also broadcast weekdays at nighttime via ORF mediumwave transmitter Vienna Bisamberg on 1476 kHz. This broadcaster has also a single SW outlet on 17875 kHz via ORF Moosbrunn relay, was 17895 in B-01 and coming B-02 winter schedule at 1500-1600 UT, according the following entry in A-02 at present: 17875 1430-1600 46-48,52,53,57 MOS 300 180 AUT ORF ORF 1476 R Afrika International via ORF [Vienna Bisamberg] on 1476 kHz 2300-2400 LT [2100-2200 UT in summer], acc to a schedule from the stn. Addr: Heigerleinstr: 7/1-2, A-1160 Vienna, Austria. E-mail: radio.afrikas@sil.at http://www.radioafrika.net (Bjoern Fransson, Sweden, ARC MV-Eko May 14) [late broadcast reported on 5945 too – gh] So, to conclude: the ORF Moosbrunn Austria outlet can never be verified via the NY address of a total different organization. But 17895, now 17875 kHz, should be verified via the Vienna address given above. (wb df5sx) (Wolfgang Bueschel, Germany, Sept 22, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** BHUTAN. BBS, direct QSL received. I could receive Bhutan from time to time in 1993-94, but only in Nov-Dec. Many years ago I received the blue UN card. Some months ago I visited the BBS webpage and had the idea of sending an E-mail. With it I also sent a scan of the letter I received years ago from Bhutan with their newspaper "Kuensel" from Sangay Agency, which received my 1993 rerport and asked me to subscribe. I did not subscribe (too expensive), but it made good material for "Weltweit Hoeren," the well known German DX magazine. But I never received a QSL. With the E-mail I also sent my cover design for an article about BBS for the German "Radio-Kurier." I never had more fun with a QSL; the only mistake is the wrong date (June 8, 2002), but for me it's one of the finest pieces in my collection (Christoph Ratzer, Austria, DX-plorer via DXLD) ** BOLIVIA. 3390 kHz, R. Camargo, E-mail QSL "card" in 8 days for E- mail SP rpt and audio clip with clear R. Em. Camargo ID on it. According to AltaVista, enclosed text message says thank you for the report, sorry for the delay, but that they never received my original postal report sent June 15, 2000, and that a QSL is enclosed. They also attached a postcard. Both the QSL and postcard have impressive pictures on them. V/S José Luís García Pastrana. Original message from José Luís is as follows: "Hola amigo John, estamos muy felices de haber recibido su reporte de sintonía, lamentamos no haber recibido su anterior reporte, pero bueno eso ya es historía, esta vez quiero enviarle el QSL de nuestra emisora, mil disculpas por las demoras, también quiero comunicarle que periódicamente le estaré enviando, fotos, música, y otra información de Camargo y de Radio Camargo. Cordiales saludos a la distancia, José Luís." Many thanks to Arnaldo Slaen for opening up this avenue for a Camargo QSL. A trip to the station planned by TIN back in 2000 was canceled due to local road conditions (John Sgrulletta, NY, DX-plorer, via DXLD) ** BRAZIL. A Rádio Cultura, de São Paulo (SP), já está transmitindo, novamente, em 17815 kHz. Seus transmissores foram danificados após uma forte chuva, mas retornaram ao ar. Foram ouvidos, em Porto Alegre(RS), em 20 de setembro, às 2130, com o programa Agenda (Célio Romais, @tividade DX Sept 22 via DXLD) ** CAMBODIA. 11940.4, National V. of Cambodia, 1200 Sept 22; the carrier started at 1200 and the program signed on at 1204 suddenly. At 1204 English, at 1217 French, at 1232 Thai, at 1246 Laotian and at 1300 Vietnamese program were started. Each program began with announcement, short talk and most of time local music. Signed off at 1315. Audio quality was bad and not so enjoy its program (Juichi Yamada, JAPAN, Jembatan DX via DXLD) ** CANADA. 6030, CKMX, Calgary, Alberta, 0705 Sept 23. The opportunity to DX this 100 watt shortwave relay of CKMX 1060, comes when R. Martí and the Cuban jammer are silent, which is late Sunday nights-Monday mornings. There was another carrier 650 Hz below creating a het, but signal strength from CKMX was fairly good, with S8-9 readings at times. Program consisted of classic light rock and oldies format, with multiple, canned station IDs every few minutes, including this one given at 0730: "Lots and lots of music, lots and lots of your favorites; AM 1060. CKMX" Very good modulation. This station must be designed to serve around a 1000-1500 km radius during the daylight hours, but I'm glad they keep the transmitter going all night (David Hodgson, Nashville, TN, DX LISTENING DIGEST) AFAIK, calls are still really CFVP on 6030, tho rarely if ever mentioned. Fortunate that the jammer rests too! (gh, DXLD) ** CHINA. The Xinjiang Peoples Broadcasting Station, at Urumqi, recently introduced a 13 MHz channel - 13670. This is used for daytime coverage of the Uighur Network 0300-1230. The highest frequency currently used by CRI/CNR for regular broadcasts is 17890 (Beijing) for CNRI programming 2230-1200. However, jamming transmitters are regularly heard on: 21705 0700-0900 (to spoil VOA Mandarin there (carrying CNR2) (purpose not known!) 21660 1100-1300 (to spoil BBC there) carrying CNR1 21560 0400-0600 (to spoil VOA there) carrying CNR1 21495 0000-0300 (to spoil VOA there) carrying CNR2 Good listening to China! Regards (Bob Padula, Sept 22, EDXP via DXLD) ** COLOMBIA. Re 2-147, address in ``Pluiston FL 33440`` is actually Clewiston! Right, Chuck? (gh, DXLD) ** CONGO DR. RADIO OKAPI JOURNALIST RELEASED Franklin Moliba-Sese, the Radio Okapi journalist arrested in Gbadolite by the Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC), was released on Saturday (21 September) on the decision of the prosecutor. He had been accused of revealing confidential military information in a report on child soldiers awaiting demobilisation. The United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC), which operates Radio Okapi in patnership with the Swiss-based Hirondelle Foundation, says it is delighted at the news. MONUC has repeated its request to the MLC authorities to create conditions enabling journalists to freely carry out their work in safety, and thus contribute to the return of peace in the country. Radio Okapi has thanked the many national and international journalists and human rights organisations who showed their support for Moliba-Sese´s release (© Radio Netherlands Media Network 23 September 2002 via DXLD) With regret, I must admit that numerous other cases we hear about of journalists being mistreated in various countries are seldom mentioned in DXLD. RSF frequently issues condemnations of such actions. This one concerns a SW station, which makes it more relevant (gh, DXLD) ** CUBA. DXERS UNLIMITED'S WEEKEND EDITION FOR 21-22 SEPTEMBER 2002 By Arnie Coro radio amateur CO2KK Hello amigos radioaficionados all around the world and in space! Welcome to a special edition of Dxers Unlimited, written just hours after Hurricane Isidore has left the territory of Cuba and is now heading for the Yucatán Península in México. What is so special about this program today, is that this is a first hand account about how amateur radio operators in Cuba, México, Jamaica, Gran Caymán and the United States of América have worked together and continue to provide emergency communications that proved vital for preserving the life of tens of thousands of people in the affected areas struck by the Category II Hurricane. I am Arnaldo, Arnie, Coro, radio amateur CO2KK, and this is an eyewitness report of the way ham radio is capable of providing emergency communications even under the most difficult circumstances, when even highly sophisticated up to date technologies fail for one reason or the other... Even as I am writing this, right next to CO2KK, my amateur radio station, I am still serving as net control station for the Cuban Hurricane Emergency net that is operating on the 40 meter band... Sí amigos, yes my friends, oui mes amis, [da, druzhya??] today, once again I feel real proud of been a radio amateur! And as always at the end of this program, I will provide you with an easy to understand and useful high frequency bands propagation update and forecast, that will also include some comments about 6 meter band DX as we approach the equinox, just a few hours away now!!! Margarita Delgado is my sound engineer and producer, I am Arnie Coro back with you in a few seconds... ..... Arnie get ready, it was a telephone call from the President of the Cuban Federation of Radio Amateurs the 4000 plus members organization that had yours truly as one of its founders way back in the early sixties.. Pedro, CO2RP, had as always, looked ahead and started to organize the hurricane emergency net, from the very early stages of what is known a powerful category III hurricane, Isidore... [ellipses as published] Just to give you an idea how ham radio emergency nets operate, we were getting everything required together when Isidore didn't even had a name, when it was just known by the area weather services as just tropical depression number 10. As soon as I received Pedro's phone call, our Plaza Radio Club started to organize the operators that are well trained and area ready to move at a few minutes notice. This time we had enough leeway to fully charge all our backup batteries, check all the VHF and HF radios, test the antennas, and pack everything . Several days later, on the 18th of September Tropical Storm Isidore was heading towards Cuba and all the radio amateurs that had volunteered to participate in the emergency communications moved to the previously selected locations, from Civil Defense command posts to observation posts right next to water reservoirs that required the water level to be monitored, from the Cuban National Weather Service headquarters to seashore areas that are well known because of previous sea penetration of the low lying coast line. The real action started on the 19th of September as one of Cuba's long range 10 centimeter wavelength weather radar at Punta del Este, in the Isle of Youth , started to pick up the outer bands of tropical storm Isidore, and my good friend Crescencio, affectionally known by his funny nickname Chencho, CO4BM, activated his portable ham radio equipment and began to send to the national weather service headquarters tropical storm position reports every hour... Chencho is a real expert on establishing emergency radio communications even under the most difficult circumstances, something he has demonstrated during previous hurricanes... Other stations in the Isle of Youth manned by Emilio Portillo CO4QS and Juan Bayolo CO4QA kept that island in touch with the main island of Cuba when other services became overloaded with traffic, while Rolando Torres, CO4AT volunteered to fly to the most dangerous operating position of them all, the world famous tourist resort of Cayo Largo island, where the Cuban authorities had already ordered the evacuation of all tourists enjoying their holidays there, and only a small group of tourist ministry, civil aviation and other authorities stays to safeguard the installations. I was at CO2KK my ham radio station monitoring the traffic and felt really proud of how we, the amateur radio operators, were able to provide such efficient emergency communications, that in the case of the Cuban Instituto de Meteorología, the national weather service, the nation's top weather expert, my good friend Dr. José Rubiera, praised on national TV, the work done by amateur radio stations in order to provide the most update and extremely valuable weather data, include the links that fed the radar data to the national forecasting center... My good friend Chencho, CO4BM, was obviously in the mind of Dr. Rubiera, as well as CO1JF, José Luís Febles, how was in charge of the La Bajada long range radar that later during the path of Hurricane Isidore proved to be so important for doing accurate forecasts... So far all amateurs I have mentioned have a CO prefix callsign, indicating that they are holders of first class licences issued by the Cuban telecommunications authorities, so you could expect a lot from them regarding their know-how... But now let me tell you several CM and CL stations, holders of intermediate and novice licenses have also proven to be top notch emergency operators. Joel CL2ME, a very young radio amateur, was deployed at a remote fishing village in Pinar del Rio. When Joel arrived to Puerto Cortés, the sea was just starting to show the storm's fury, but he was really shocked when on the evening of the 20th of September as Hurricane's Isidore full blast was smashing the extreme western part of Cuba, Joel had to suddenly start running for his life, when the sea began to move backwards due to the tremendous vacuum exerted by the hurricane's forces. We islanders know very well, from the days of the Santa Cruz del Sur disaster in 1932, that when the sea starts moving away from the coast line, that's the moment to start running as fast as possible away from the shore, and Joel, our young radio amateur was operating from just a few meters from the coast... Fortunately, he could return to the place where he had installed the station after a few hours, and he was back on the air providing up to date weather data and information about the damages, as requested by the administrative authorities that were in charge of taking care for the health and welfare of the population... More about Hurricane's Isidore path over Cuba after this short musical interval... ........ You are listening to Radio Havana Cuba, the name of the show is DXers Unlimited, I am Arnie Coro and this is a special eyewitness report of how amateur radio has provided emergency communications all along the path ofHurricane Isidore, now heading towards the coast of the Yucatán Península in México... Now let me tell you how efficiently we coordinated our efforts with amateur radio stations in the United States of América and in México... W4EHW is the ham station located at the National Hurricane Center in South Florida and they established contact with the Cuban Hurricane Emergency Net, to learn about the path of the hurricane and obtain weather data, from weather stations and from the Cuban network of long range high power meteorological radars, just recently upgraded and upgraded by a group of young engineers that saved our nation a lot of foreign currency with their extraordinary work, I recently ran a piece on my Breakthrough science and technology program about how the network of seven high power radars had gone trough this modernization program, that proved to be of such tremendous value during this hurricane. W4EHW operators kept listening on our emergency frequency of 7090 kiloHertz, picking up the weather data, and also providing information that they had obtained via satellite... One interesting aspect of this hurricane emergency is that for the first time ever the Cuban weather service had its own amateur radio station on the air from the national headquarters in Casablanca, callsign CO9BNA, operated by Carlos CM2JC, a young Cuban amateur that has two hobbies that complement very well with each other, Carlitos CM2JC is not only a good ham radio operator, he happens to be also a very enthusiastic amateur meteorologist, and he is the net control of our HURACAN net that meets every Saturday morning on the 40 meter band to learn more about meteorology... So as you may realize, Carlos was really happy for having being appointed as the chief operator of CO9BNA, and he has done a terrific job, and is still there at the Casablanca site Saturday afternoon, when I am writing this script of this program... Now one final comment, as always we all have learned a lot during this emergency, among other things the importance of taking with each portable station, and installing an in line standing wave ratio meter, to constantly monitor the SWR of the antenna... In Ciudad Sandino, we lost one nice transceiver's final output stage when the antenna broke during a wind gust that exceeded the 110 mile and hour mark ... The operator was not aware of the antenna breaking down, and a few minutes later...pooof !!! No more output transistors !!! As I am writing the ending paragraph of this script at 2 o`clock in the afternoon local time in Havana, the emergency communications nets are still in operation, and we are waiting for the Mexican emergency nets to be activated, as all the available data indicates that Hurricane Isidore will be delivering a devastating blow to South East México as it is now a Category III Hurricane in the Saffir Simpson scale that goes up to 5.... So far no loss of life has been reported in Cuba, but damages are very extensive in the Isle of Youth and in the westernmost province of Pinar del Rio... I will provide you with more information about amateur radio and the hurricanes during the mid week edition of DXers Unlimited... And now a very short HF propagation update and forecast... Solar activity is rather stable, with the daily sunspot number growing to 237 and the effective sunspot number reaching 120, an excellent figure that indicates the possibility of nice 10, 12 and 15 meter band openings during the next few days, and that also may lead to 6 meter openings on the South to North paths... See you soon on the radio again, and now after taping the program, I am going back to serve as net control operator of the Cuban hurricane emergency net from CO2KK (via Bob Chandler, ODXA via DXLD) ** CYPRUS. As a comment to 2-148 concerning Radio Sawa from Cyprus and the problem not being able to hear the station in most parts of Europe just this: "Both the current RFI/RMCME antenna and the original one now in use by IBB have patterns with deep minima at ~320 degrees, which may make them difficult to monitor in Europe." [DXLD 2-138] Best 73s (Ydun Ritz, Denmark, DX LISTENING DIGEST) So the 320 degree null passes near Istanbul, across Bulgaria, central Europe, Prague, Amsterdam, Glasgow, Goose Bay, Detroit, Austin... (National Geographic Globe with geometer via gh, DXLD) ** ECUADOR [and non]. See AUSTRALIA ** EL SALVADOR. Re R. Imperial: Hi all, the origin of all this can be found in DXLD 2-057, April 7, 2002, retrievable at http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldtb02.html (towards the very end). Following the assumption that there was a high order harmonic of Radio Imperial on the 16 meter band, as suggested by Björn Malm et. al., I sent an email request to our DXing collegue Humberto Molina, in El Salvador, asking him to investigate the info contained in Luis Palau´s internet site (listed by Willi and also in my original correspondence with Humberto). The original exchange of messages was in Spanish, and so some of you might not have followed the whole line of ideas exposed therein. Humberto got in touch with the station on the phone and was then in a position to verify that the 16 meter band frequency was in fact intentionally used by Radio Imperial, albeit only occasionally. When hearing the station recently, and although he was pretty certain about the ID, George Maroti, as a gesture of courtesy, I suppose - recognizing perhaps my previous research - sent me two clips via the internet in order have my opinion as to the identity of the station. I was happy to confirm the ID, just as the point where George had it, too, and now I believe Humberto Molina is helping him out with a QSL after providing the station with a CD recording. So the morale of all this is: Do not forget to check DXLD, where info sometimes is way ahead of other publications (Henrik Klemetz, Sweden, hard-core-dx via DXLD) ** EL SALVADOR. 17833.30, Radio Imperial, 2348-0010 Sept 20-21. Bit of musical selections heard with some talk in Spanish but too noisy to get much else otherwise. Still there at 0010 with not much better signal. 0040 het but no audio to speak of with QRM from 17835 (Ed Kusalik, Alberta, Cumbre DX via DXLD) Radio Imperial, 17833.2, presumed the one 1620+ GMT today, weak audio as usual w/ SP vocals (Terry L. Krueger, FL, Sept 22, hard-core-dx via DXLD) They're fading in and out here tonight, playing accordion music. When they're good, they're good, but they're only good about 25% of the time here. I'm hearing them on about .24, though (Ralph Brandi, NJ, DX-plorer via DXLD) ** ETHIOPIA. Re RVOG/ETLF item in 2-147: It is a very remarkable fact that the archives of RVOG survived some 25 years after the 1977 nationalisation of the station. It should be very interesting to read the DXer's dissertation (off course beside my own which unfortunately is in German only and not in print any more). In 1989, I bought a book of Manfred Lundgren who once led the station. Lundgren. Manfred: Proclaiming Christ to His World. The Experience of Radio Voice of the Gospel 1957-1977, Geneva: Lutheran World Federation, (about) 1983/1984. On a footnote on the "evangelical" nature of the station, I would like to add that the station of the Lutheran World Federation was in fact very ecumenical. The Ethiopian Orthodox Church used the station for domestic broadcasting, and also Catholic broadcasters were involved in some programmes. By principle the international broadcasts (excluding those to China) were produced and transmitted in the responsibility of church councils in the target areas thus giving national indigenous churches a voice that they would not have had otherwise. A revolution in international Christian broadcasting was the 30:70 philosophy devoting the majority of the programme content to items of general interest. The independent news service of the station was an improvement compared to the situation in many of the target areas and the international government voices caught up in the East-West Cold war. One might object to the mission idea, but should still distinguish US-American "evangelical" broadcasting from European based Protestant concepts. Kind regards, (Dr Hansjoerg Biener, Germany, Sept 22, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** FINLAND. Hi Glenn, In DXLD-2148 you wrote: "Previous reports implied but did not state explicitly that the weekly Capital Weekend English hour has been cancelled already." In fact, we published an item on 2 September, which I believe you quoted in DXLD. I did intend it to mean that there were no Sunday transmissions, but I realise from re-reading it that the wording could have been better. I will attempt to be more explicit in the future :-) 73, (Andy Sennitt, Media Network, DXLD) ** FRANCE. 25775.1 unID/Radio Neige. 2025-2105 Sept 21. Initially heard Eric with Peggy Thompson with excerpt of IndoChina series by Galleo [sic] Publishers, gave the 339-912-4132 phone number, with a promotion for DAB Systems. Followed with music by Rolling Stones, The Who and Pink Floyd. Into French Program with one segment talking about credit cards protection (2101). Traffic underneath sounded like CB out-of banders? Signal was fair to excellent at times. I found an old article that was posted in DX Ontario September 1995 by Alan Roberts, who did an excellent account about this service and the different outlets used (Ed Kusalik, Alberta, Cumbre DX via DXLD) Except we have no indication this is R. Neige, defunct ski lift stations: check something more recent than 1995. If 339 is a North American area code, it`s in Massachusetts (gh, DXLD) [see below] 25775.1, UNID, 1517 Sept 22. Noted male and female in French with possible ID at 1513. EE at 1517 with same male and female announcers. Above and below noise floor and difficult to get a complete sentence, female with what sounded like a phone number at 1521. Continuous EE at this time slot but near noise floor. During same time frame, while on line mIRC chat line, a gent in Durban S. Africa and one in Norway could not get a copy. 1530 playing Rolling Stones tune. Then, The Who, The best I ever had at 1535. S meter staying at '0' but some audio makes it thru. Def Leopard tune at 1539. Male announcers in French with short comment then back to more music. French tune, 1544. Male announcer in French with brief comment with mention of Paris, 1547 and then to another French tune. S meter on occasion slips up to S2 (Bob Montgomery, Levittown PA, Cumbre DX via DXLD) I'm listening it at 1623 UT in south Italy (Roberto Scaglione, ibid.) Into TN with good level on the peaks from 1650-1750. The program is on a loop. Thought I caught a R France ID. This obviously is an 11 meter test transmission presumably from RFI. 73, (David Hodgson, TN, Sept 22, Cumbre DX via DXLD) Heard here as well up and down since 1715, only peaks on the songs so far (Hans Johnson, WY?, Sept 22, Cumbre DX via DXLD) French TIS 25775: Thanks to a tip in DXLD and #swl, I tried 25775 AM on 22 Sep at 1710 and this station was audible in English with fading signal. Little by little reception improved and was rather strong at about 1755 when they seemingly signed off. The program was just the same as described in DXLD 2-148. Peggy Thompson and Eric with traveller tips of Lower Normandy etc., Rolling Stones and Led Zeppelin music. French at 1730 and English again at about 1750. And on 23 Sep at 1150 nice signal in French and at 1159 in English Same loop tape again. No ID-like heard at least in the English portion (Jari Savolainen, Kuusankoski, Finland, DX LISTENING DIGEST) I`m a bit surprised this is being heard so `close` in Finland and Italy, if it really be in France (gh, DXLD) At 1839 Sept 21 they gave a phone number starting with 075; later on a 339-912-4132 [but read further--JB] phone number was mentioned twice (if US, near you, JB). Features on the image technology park in France and the interview with Capote along with the Stones and The Who were also broadcast, like on your reception. Back to FR at 1901. Some pretty good peaks, but deeps fades as you say. No ID heard for the 50 minutes. I have listened so far. -- I was able to rewind the tape and these are the two telephone numbers I heard: First one is a toll free call to 075-63241. I assume the sequence is France, since in PWBR all the phone numbers listed under RFI have 8 digits after the country code. I heard that at 1839. Then at 1843 the male (Eric) clearly says: Area code 339-912-4514. The last two digits were incorrect in my original report as I tried to hear it over the air. Once I played it back a few times, this is the number. For the first number, the announcers mentioned car radios, for the second number they said just listeners (John Sgrulletta, NY, DX-plorer via DXLD) 1927 Sep 21, talk about high-tech amusement park outside Lyon, bit of music by Prokoviev, padding with Rolling Stones "Brown Sugar," The Who, Led Zeppelin; some crud from CBers or something; tnx Rich D'Angelo. 33 is the country code for France, so the number may be more like +33 99 124-132, where 99 is the city code. I tried the Pages Jaunes at http://www.pagesjaunes.fr/ to see if I could do a reverse lookup, but it tells me they can't give me information on that number (Ralph Brandi, NJ, DX-plorer via DXLD) Heard here too, tho seems to be on its way out now (2010 Sep 21). See http://dxing.hypermart.net/ and http://dxing.hypermart.net/French_NFM.htm This particular frequency not mentioned (Jerry Berg, MA, DX-plorer via DXLD) The transmission on 25775 was not from Comité Department du Tourisme de la Charente-Maritime. Those tourist information stations are 1 watt narrow band FM. 25775 was a high powered AM transmission. Also not R Neige as that service has been defunct for years. When it was active, it was also narrow band FM. I did hear (in SSB mode) the carriers from Comité Department du Tourisme de la Charente-Maritime on the frequencies around 25925 yesterday (Sept 22) around 1700, but they never grew strong enough to produce any capture here in FM mode. R France has transmitted in the recent past on 25820. Why is it so hard to believe they might run a test transmission on 25775? Deutsche Telekom also tests fairly regularly on 11m, but I have only heard German used by them. 73, (David Hodgson, TN, Sept 22, Cumbre DX via DXLD) Finally beginning to hear traces of audio around 1600 UT Sept 23 on 25775, after listening to a twice per second pulser for more than an hour, which continues annoyingly. Definite French and music at 1604. Transmitter seemed to cut on and off around 1606-1607; a few more traces until 1630. If I can hear it at all, it`s got to be a lot more than one watt (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Here in the south of Brazil I could only hear the carrier of this signal, the audio was down in the noise. I suspect the signal may be readable during another time of day or during more favorable conditions, though. This one is definitely worth trying (Rik van Riel, Curitiba PR, Sept 23, hard-core-dx via DXLD) ** FRANCE. I'm also getting the carriers from the 1 watt French TIS stations on 25926. No audio yet, and QRM from chicken banders (David Hodgson, TN, Sept 22, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** FRANCE/GERMANY. You may be interested to know that the 25 MHz band will be a little more active in B02, with these planned operations: 25740 DW Wertachtal (Germany) 0800-1400 25760 IBB Wertachtal (Germany) 0830-1030 (target: CIRAF 40) 25820 RFI Issoudin (France) 0900-1300 Good listening to the 11 metre band for B-02! Regards (Bob Padula, Sept 22, EDXP via DXLD) ** GERMANY. 6085, Bayer Rundfunk Munich Ismaning will cease audio broadcast on shortwave as from Jan 1st, 2003, due of Financial difficulties. Maybe the station will come back with new DRM mode broadcast sometime later in 2005 ... 2006 (Open Day Ismaning, Sep 21, Wolfgang Büschel, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** GREENLAND. Now that the solstice is long gone, and the equinox also is past, it is time to renew attention to the June report of activity on 3812 kHz, and hear if it propagate now: http://www.dxing.com/dxr/dxld2093.htm Follow-ups were in http://www.dxing.com/dxr/dxld2095.htm and http://www.dxing.com/dxr/dxld2101.htm (Glenn Hauser, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** GUATEMALA. The item in 2-147 must refer to R. K`ekchí, 4845, tho this identification was lost somewhere along the way (gh, DXLD) ** INTERNATIONAL VACUUM. SIRIUS INKS DEAL WITH WSM-AM/NASHVILLE, GRAND OLE OPRY But for the time being, the "WSM Entertainment" channel will be rebroadcasting all of the legendary Country station's local content including the local ads and weather and traffic reports. Gaylord Radio Group VP/GM John Padgett tells R&R it's only temporary: The satcaster will begin replacing the local ads with national ones on Feb. 1, 2003 and by June 1 will begin covering the remaining local breaks. Sirius isn't worried about any backlash against the local content, however: Spokeswoman Mindy Kramer tells R&R the vision for the new "WSM Entertainment" channel is for more than simply a rebroadcast of local content from WSM-AM. While timing limitations command that it take that form in the short-term, she says, ultimately the channel will feature original programming co-produced by Sirius and Gaylord (From R&R 9/23 via Brock Whaley, Atlanta, DXLD) ** INTERNATIONAL WATERS [and non]. It maybe all over now but these frequencies may be of interest (from Ulis Fleming): There will probably be a bunch of people posting this but a good place to go is: http://www.hurricanefrequencies.com/ another good reference point is: http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ Good listening, Ulis http://www.radiointel.com (via Mike Terry, DXLD) See also CUBA! and http://www.hurricanecity.com (Sheldon Harvey, International Radio Report via DXLD) ** IRAQ [non]. From Pravda. BAGHDAD CRITICISES RADIO FREE EUROPE Iraqi Foreign Minister Naji Sabri has condemned the activity of Radio Free Europe which broadcasts in Arab for Iraq from Prague. In an interview with a Czech newspaper on Thursday, the Iraqi Foreign Minister said that the radio programmes conveyed anti-Iraqi information while Prague allowed its enemies to speak and let the CIA spread anti-Iraqi propaganda. Radio Free Europe is financed by US Congress. Free Europe programmes targeting the audience in Iraq and Iran have been broadcast from Prague since the autumn of 1998 despite protests of the authorities in both countries (© RIAN via Mike Terry, DXLD) ** JAPAN [non]. WORLD WAR 2 MEMORABILIA, JAPANESE MONITORING OF FOREIGN RADIO STATIONS The latest edition of the American radio magazine, ``Popular Communications``, contains a four page article on the story of the monitoring of American radio stations by the Japanese during the Pacific War. This very revealing article was written by the Japanese radio author, Hideharu Torii (HID-eh-HAR-oo to-REE-hee). During the Pacific War, the Japanese monitoring station was located in an underground facility as part of the Foreign Ministry in Tokyo. Some 50 staff members tuned in to foreign radio broadcasts, mostly in English, using American-made and Japanese-made radio receivers. On shortwave, the Japanese monitors listened to the English language programming from many stations including the following:- The Voice of America via transmitters in California & Hawaii BBC London direct from Daventry Radio Australia at Pennant Hills, Lyndhurst & Shepparton All India Radio Delhi Radio Moscow; and even Radio Buenos Aires in Argentina. Another station that they monitored regularly was station KGEI with its relay of VOA programming in Japanese. In the autumn of 1943, some of the monitoring staff travelled to the northern coast of Japan in the Chiba prefecture in an attempt to tune in the broadcasts from mediumwave stations in the continental United States. At this new location they installed a beverage antenna 600 metres long and they discovered that they could listen to many American mediumwave stations for three hours after local sunset, but only for the darker season of the year running from September to April. Among the mediumwave stations they heard regularly were the following:- KGO & KPO in Oakland CA KNX & KFI in Los Angeles CA KIRO KPSC & KOMO, all in Seattle OR Strangely, the strongest signal came from a 50 kW mediumwave station well inland from the Pacific coast and this was station KSL in Salt Lake City, Utah (Adrian Michael Peterson, AWR Wavescan Sept 22 via DXLD) ** KAZAKHSTAN [non]. CLANDESTINE from CIS? to KAZAKHSTAN. 9775, Radio Dat: while the 1500-1600 broadcast has apparently moved to 9925, the 0100-0200 transmission is still here. Strong signal, usual long talks in Russian, ID's before 0200 sign off. Just left the carrier on. Anyone have any ideas as to the exact site? (Hans Johnson, WY? Sep 23, Cumbre DX via DXLD) I believe Samara has been suggested, and various reports indicate somewhere in Russia. I find this a bit hard to believe, given the close ties still between the two countries (Glenn Hauser, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** LIBYA. Libyan Jamahiriya BC has made its presence in the web; at: http://www.ljbc.net/ eMail-address: info@ljbc.net The radio sector is still under construction, however. 73 de (Pentti Lintujärvi, Helsinki, Finland Webmaster of 1000 Lakes DX Page http://www.geocities.com/Colosseum/Park/3232/dx.htm and dxlinks.info http://www.dxlinks.info/ and Finnish DX Association http://www.sdxl.org/ hard-core-dx via DXLD) ** MADAGASCAR. MEDIA ENVIRONMENT ASSESSMENT 23 SEPTEMBER 2002 The following is an amended and updated version of the BBC Monitoring's Madagascar media environment assessment issued on 3 May 2002, and covers media developments since the exile of the former president, Didier Ratsiraka, in July 2002. Political background President Marc Ravalomanana is in control of the whole country, but not all pro-Ratsiraka elements wanted for alleged acts of "terrorism" and killings have yet been arrested. The media are still reporting on trials of former Ratsiraka officials and operations in some parts of the country aimed at capturing remnants of the former regime. On 19 September Ravalomanana used the media to appeal to the Malagasy people for "more solidarity with him and more cooperation with the government", as impatience with the pace of economic change was said to be growing. The president "was aware of the deprivation and misery endured by everyone as a result of the struggle undertaken together" (L'Express de Madagascar web site on 20 September). Ravalomanana's life reportedly threatened President Ravalomanana on 29 August said his life was threatened (Midi Madagasikara web site, 29 August 2002). Such a threat, the communications minister said, was "confirmed day by day" (L'Express de Madagascar web site, 29 August 2002). The news did not come as a major surprise for central highlanders, as in 1975 another Merina appointed - not elected - head of state was killed 11 days after his accession to power. Parliamentary elections Political parties are preparing for elections said due by the end of the year. Even though no genuine opposition has yet emerged, pro- Ravalomanana parties have started joining together in a bid to provide Ravalomanana with a "strong presidential majority" (Midi Madagasikara web site, 9 September 2001). International relations As of 23 September 2002, the rough situation is that the new president, Marc Ravalomanana, has been recognized by most foreign countries and international bodies such as the UN. The African Union has so far failed to grant full recognition to Ravalomanana, even though some member countries like Mauritius, Senegal and Burkina Faso have already recognized the new Malagasy president. Foreign bilateral and multilateral aid has resumed. New orientation in international relations The country's relations with the Anglophone world in general, and the USA in particular, have been boosted under the new regime, to the extent that English is now to be taught from primary school level. In fact, the country is said to be seeking to join the anglophone- dominated Southern African Development Community, SADC, and one of Ravalomanana's special advisers announced a "gradual split from France" (Madagascar Tribune web site, 22 August 2002). The ethnic dimension The Merina people of central Madagascar are of Malay origin, as are, to a lesser degree, the Betsileo people of south-central Madagascar. The rest of the population are either mixed (of Malayo-Polynesian, Arab and African origins) or from black African extraction. Post-independence Malagasy politics has been characterized by strong anti-Merina sentiment stemming both from Merina rule in Madagascar in the 19th century and French colonial "race politics". In line with what is known locally as "coastal cause", all Malagasy presidents were from the coast. Ravalomanana is the first Merina elected president. In a bid to establish the rule of law, Ravalomanana has sought to arrest and prosecute all those who were involved in acts of "terrorism" and killings during the recent crisis. It happened that most of these people were pro-Ratsiraka and "cotiers" (coastal people). Former President Albert Zafy, who is a "cotier" and emerged third in the disputed December 2001 presidential poll, has denounced the ongoing arrests, saying all those arrested are coastal people. The media and the public denounced this as an attempt to destabilize the new regime by "tribalizing" the arrests (Madagascar Tribune web site, 20 August 2002). Media developments Less polarized media Since the departure of former President Ratsiraka in July 2002, the media in Madagascar have become less polarized, even though the division of the country into two political camps following the disputed 16 December 2001 presidential elections is still felt in some quarters. In a sign of things to come, the Ad'Gasy party, which deems itself to be an opposition party, issued a statement criticizing government "misinforation" and control of the media (Malagasy independent newspaper L'Express de Madagascar web site on 5 September). Media overview Madagascar's 16m people have six daily newspapers and a number of weeklies and monthlies, as well as numerous TV and radio stations, including a large number of FM stations broadcasting in all provincial and district capitals. Because of the low literacy rate, the print media are mostly aimed at the French-educated urban elite. They are therefore mostly in French and urban-centred. The print media suffers from low circulation because of the low literacy rate, a poor road network and poor purchasing power. Some formerly pro-Ratsiraka radio stations, which used to operate like "hate radios" during the crisis, have switched to more mainstream forms of broadcasting. Press freedom Journalists in the country have been accustomed to working in a relatively free environment and producing reports critical of the government. After press freedom was violated by the former regime in coastal provinces during the recent crisis (ban on national newspapers, suspension of broadcasting, etc.), the situation is now back to its pre-crisis situation. Internet Access to the Internet is restricted more by poor purchasing power than poor telephone infrastructure. By African standards, the country can boast a relatively modern and efficient telecommunications network. All major newspapers or newsletters are on the Internet, and more and more Antananarivo-based FM radio stations have also become available on the Internet. A major project aimed at providing Madagascar with optical fibre technology to cut telecommunication costs is under way (Madagascar- Evènements web site on 16 September). Web site developments After Ratsiraka's departure, some web sites stopped updating. Others are under construction. Government web sites could proliferate as the new regime has highlighted communications/transparency as a cornerstone of its "good governance" policy. The following sites carry, or are supposed to carry, more or less regularly updated news: \ \ A new Malagasy government web site - operational since early July - publishes information in French and English. URL address: http://www.madagascar.gov.mg \ The Justice Ministry web site in French features major legal documents like the constitution. URL address: http://www.justice.gov.mg \ Ratsiraka's election campaign web site, which also carries news and comment in French, has not been updated since the end of February 2002. URL address: http://www.ratsiraka2001.mg \ Ravalomanana's political association Tiako i Madagasikara [I Love Madagascar], TIM. Until mid-March 2002, the site carried daily news and information, in Malagasy and French, on Ravalomanana and his supporters. From mid-March to early September, it published mainly information in French, English and German about Ravalomanana's plans and projects, as well as announcements and comments by the Ravalomanana camp. On 4 September, the web site announced that it would become "independent" from TIM: "We wish to stand aside so that we might report on all shades of opinion, provided they are constructive," the web site said. URL addresses (any of the following): http://www.tiako-i-madagasikara.org http://www.tiako-i-madagasikara-net http://www.marc-ravalomanana.org http://www.marc-ravalomanana.net \ Ravalomanana's newly-formed political party - also named Tiako i Madagasikara, TIM - has a web site currently under construction. URL address: http://www.tim-madagascar.net \ Malagasy Broadcasting Service, MBS, the Ravalomanana-owned and Antananarivo-based radio-TV station, has a web site under construction. Published in French and Malagasy, its URL address is http://www.mbs.mg \ State TV station Television Malagasy, TVM - under construction. URL address: http://www.tvmonline.tv Other news web sites \ \ Mada-Evenements [events]: http://madaevenement.kilio.com (in French) \ MadaNews: http://www.madanews.com (in French) \ Mada-News.Net: http://www.madanews.fr.st (in French) \ MadOnline: http://www.madaonline.com (in French, English and Italian) \ Madatsara ("tsara" is the Malagasy word for "good): http://www.madatsara.com (in French) \ InfoGasy.com ("gasy" is a shorter version of Madagascar): http://www.infogasy.com (in French) \ Madagascar Magazine: http://www.madagascarmagazine.com (in French) \ Anio Magazine ("anio" is the malagasy word for "today"): http://www.aitusa.com/anio (in French) (under construction) \ MadaGate: http://www.madagate.com (in French) \ MadaJournal: http://site.voila.fr/madajournal \ Havana News ("havana" is the Malagasy word for "relative(s)"): http://www.havana-news.com (in French) - not updated since September 2000. Radio and TV - overview Residents of the capital, Antananarivo, have access to a dozen FM radio stations and six free-to-air terrestrial TV services (see listings below). Listeners and viewers elsewhere have much less choice, with the state- owned Radio nationale malagasy (RNM) and Television malagasy (TVM) providing the only domestic radio and TV for the entire country. RNM is the only radio station authorized to broadcast on shortwave; TVM can broadcast to the whole country because it is relayed by satellite. The ownership of radio sets is widespread, which is not the case with TV sets which are only found in major urban centres because of their cost and also because of limited access to mains electricity in rural areas. Curbs on "illegal" radio-TV stations "The two-month period set for radio-TV stations operating illegally to legalize their situation has expired. Therefore, the Communications Ministry will now enforce sanctions so that all stations are legalized. "Meanwhile, Communications Minister Mamy Rakotoarivelo has announced the launching of 'Operation Transistor'. The operation aims to equip all households with radio sets so that they can access information easily." (Madagascar-Evenements web site in French 14 Sep 02) State radio to expand FM network "The minister also said the [Malagasy] national radio [RNM] would become audible on FM across the entire island [of Madagascar]." (Madagascar-Evènements web site in French 14 Sep 02) Radio stations RNM [Radio nationale malagasy - Malagasy National Radio] RNM is the state-owned radio station. It operates from the capital and still holds the legal monopoly on shortwave transmissions in the country. Its news bulletins are in Malagasy and French. Since the departure of Ratsiraka, the radio has been broadcasting without the noticeable propaganda slant of the former regime. It has not been relayed on satellite over the last six months. RNM news is available in print and in French on the Internet. URL address: http://takelaka.dts.mg/radmad Radio MBS [Malagasy Broadcasting System, expansion originally in English] This FM radio station is the radio branch of the Malagasy Broadcasting System, MBS, owned by Ravalomanana. Probably the most recent FM station operating from the capital, it became the most popular station after Ravalomanana announced his candidacy for the 2001 presidential election. Radio MBS is not on shortwave but reaches other cities through rebroadcasting deals. As suggested by its name, the station also broadcasts in English. Its new boss, Ravalomanana's daughter, is said to have hired an interpreter to translate Deutsche Welle broadcasts into Malagasy (Indian Ocean Newsletter, 31 August 2002). The station is available on the Internet through Ravalomanana's political association TIM web site (at any of the following): http://www.tiako-i-madagasikara.org http://www.tiako-i-madagasikara-net http://www.marc-ravalomanana.org http://www.marc-ravalomanana.net The station's web site is under construction. Information on the site is available in French and Malagasy. URL address: http://www.mbs.mg RTA [Radio-Television Analamanga, Analamanga is the name of Antananarivo old town] RTA broadcasts from Antananarivo as well as Antsirabe (some 160 km south of Antananarivo) where it can be received within a radius of 80 km, Toamasina in the east, Mahajanga in the northwest, and Toliara in the southwest. The station carries news in French on the Internet. URL address: http://www.rta.mg Radio Antsiva [Trumpet Shell] Broadcasting on FM 97.7, this Antananarivo-based station attracted a large audience during the recent crisis because of a daily midday political commentary against the Ratsiraka regime by a former pro- Ratsiraka journalist. Radio Antsiva has its own web site. URL address: http://www.antsiva.mg RLI [Radio Lazan' Iarivo] FM 106 (Fame of Iarivo: Iarivo is the name of an Antananarivo region) Broadcasting on FM 106, the station broadcasts mainly jazz music, and is not available on the Internet. Radio Mada and Radio Ravinala (Travellers' Palm) Both Antananarivo FM stations broadcasting mainly music. As political violence increased during the recent political crisis, these two stations and the above-mentioned Radio Antsiva and Radio MBS cooperated in broadcasting pro-Ravalomanana security-related messages and directives to the crowds in the capital. These four radio stations also broadcast a "joint editorial" on a daily basis. Radio Ravinala is on the Internet on http://ravinala.online.fr Ma-FM [Madagascar-FM] Along with Ma-TV and two daily newspapers, this Antananarivo-based station belongs to the Antananarivo-based Andriambelo family. It also broadcasts news. Ma-FM is available on the Internet on the Ma-TV site http://www.matvonline.tv RTV [Radio Tsioka Vao - New Breeze or New Tune] This was a pro-Ratsiraka FM station broadcasting in the capital. Reports say its premises and equipment were burnt down a few months ago, which has prevented it from operating ever since. Radio Fahazavana [Light] This FM station operates in the capital and is owned by the main protestant church, the FJKM (Church of Jesus Christ in Madagascar, of Presbyterian denomination), and also reportedly partly by Ravalomanana, a lay vice-chairman of that church. Radio Fahazavana covers mainly religious and church matters. RDB [Radio Don Bosco] RDB broadcasts from Antananarivo 24 hours on FM 93.4 and can be heard up to 200 km away; it is owned by the Salesian congregation of the Roman Catholic Church, RDB is available on the Internet http://www.radiodonbosco.mg Radio Feon'ny Merina [Voice of the Merina] FM radio station operating from Antananarivo. After the Antananarivo Royal Palace was burnt down in 1995, some Merina intellectuals resolved to initiate an awareness campaign on the Merina issue. Radio Feon'ny Merina is part of this drive. Korail [Coral] Madagascar FM 90, Alliance FM 92 [Alliance Française FM92] -- Antananarivo-based FM radio stations broadcasting mainly music with some local news. Radio Mampita [communicating, conveying] -- FM station based in southcentral town of Fianarantsoa. RTVB [Radio-Television Boeni] -- FM station operating in the northwestern port of Mahajanga. Radio Sun -- FM station operating in the northwestern sea islet of Nosy-Bé. Sky FM -- FM station operating in Toamasina. Radio Voanio [cocoa] -- FM station operating in Toamasina. FMA [Feo mazava atsinanana - Voice of the Eastern Sunlight] -- FM station operating in Toamasina said to be owned by Pierrot Rajaonarivelo, the former deputy prime minister and Ratsiraka's party boss. It reportedly carried anti-Merina propaganda during the recent crisis. Radio Soleil [sun] -- FM station operating in Toliara. "Hate" radio stations During the recent crisis, some pro-Ratsiraka FM radio stations operating in coastal areas broadcast programmes inciting tribal and racial hatred mainly against the Merina people and, in some cases, against southcentral Fianarantsoa Province's Betsileo people, who are racially close to the Merina. Some journalists in Toamasina have been accused of sending provocative hate messages over the air waves during the Ravalomanana-Ratsiraka power struggle (Malagasy newspaper Madagascar Tribune web site on 19 August). BBC Monitoring East Africa Unit was able to monitor the Ratsiraka- owned "Canal 6 Madagascar" radio-TV station broadcasting from Toamasina until it stopped operating on the day Ratsiraka fled the country for France (via the Seychelles) on 5 July 2002. Foreign FM radio stations RFI (Radio France Internationale, in French) is relayed on FM in Antananarivo and a few provincial capitals. BBC World Service (in French) is also relayed on FM in Antananarivo. The BBC has become more and more popular among Malagasy nationals, especially Ravalomanana supporters. Ravalomanana has invariably resorted to the BBC, instead of RFI, to make his most important announcements to the outside world. TV TVM [Television Malagasy - Malagasy Television] TVM is the state-owned TV station, and broadcasts in Malagasy and French. Because it is relayed by satellite, it is the only TV station broadcasting to the whole country. TVM news is available in print and in French on the Internet http://takelaka.dts.mg/tvm but its site has not been updated since 18 August 1999. Another TVM web site is under construction. URL address: http://www.tvmonline.tv MBS TV [Malagasy Broadcasting System TV, expansion originally in English] Owned by Ravalomanana, it has featured women announcers appearing in Malagasy traditional hairstyles. MBS radio and TV stations are said to have started boycotting two local music stars known to be openly speaking about sex and drugs - reportedly in a bid to please a powerful Protestant church of which Marc Ravalomanana is vice-chairman. MBS is also said to have banned a local rap music band alleged to be sponsored by Ratsiraka's party boss. (Indian Ocean Newsletter, 31 August 2002). The station's web site in Malagasy and French is under construction. URL address: http://www.mbs.mg RTA [Radio Television Analamanga - Analamanga being the site of the Royal Palace in Antananarivo] Initially broadcasting exclusively in the capital city, it now broadcasts in five cities: Antananarivo, Antsirabe, Toamasina, Mahajanga, Toliara. RTA is available in print and French on the Internet. URL address: http://www.rta.mg Ma-TV [Madagascar-Television] Broadcasting only in Antananarivo, Ma-TV, along with two daily newspapers and Ma-FM radio station, is owned by the Andriambelo family, one of the few local media entrepreneurs apart from Ravalomanana. Ma-TV is available in print and in French on the Internet http://www.matvonline.tv TV Ravinala [Travellers' Palm], TV Plus TV Ravinala is the TV counterpart of the pro-Ravalomanana Radio Ravinala. Foreign satellite TV stations TV-5 - Europe is a Belgium-based TV station broadcasting in French and TF1 is a French TV channel (L'Express de Madagascar web site, 2 March 2002). Main newspapers Midi-Madagasikara Along with Ma-TV and the daily newspaper Gazetiko, Midi Madagasikara is owned by the Andriambelo family. It is mostly in French, though it also carries a few pages in Malagasy. Midi-Madagasikara is the oldest of the existing daily newspapers in French, and claims to be "the leading national news daily". Its managing director, Mamy Rakotoarivelo, recently resigned after being appointed communications minister in the Ravalomanana government. The daily does not have a Sunday edition. Midi-Madagasikara is available on the Internet http://www.dts.mg/midi Madagascar Tribune [Madagascar Forum or Rostrum] Tribune is a daily newspaper mainly in French, but it also carries a few pages in Malagasy. The daily does not have a Sunday edition. Madagascar Tribune is available on the Internet http://www.madagascar-tribune.com L'Express de Madagascar L'Express is a daily newspaper mainly in French, but it also carries a few pages in Malagasy. Its founder and previous main shareholder was pro-Ratsiraka politician and presidential candidate Herizo Razafimahaleo, who has sold the paper to a local businessman. The daily does not have a Sunday edition. L'Express de Madagascar is available on the Internet http://www.lexpressmada.com Gazetiko [My Newspaper] Founded in 1998 and owned by the Andriambelo family, it is the most recent Malagasy daily newspaper. It is entirely in Malagasy. Gazetiko is not available on the Internet. Maresaka [Resounding, sensational] and Basy Vava [Virulent, corrosive] Daily newspapers entirely in Malagasy. They do not appear on Sundays. They are not available on the Internet. Weeklies DMD [Dans les medias demain - In the Media Tomorrow] Independent weekly newsletter in French focusing on economic and financial reports. Its owner and publishing manager is also the Reuters' correspondent in Madagascar. DMD is available on the Internet http://www.dmd.mg Lakroa [Cross] Owned by the Roman Catholic Church, run previously by the Jesuit congregation and now relayed by the Assumptionist congregation, this not-for-profit weekly newspaper in both French and Malagasy has always been at the forefront of major moral causes in the country. The weekly is operating both from the capital and from the southcentral town of Fianarantsoa, which is a major Roman Catholic publishing base. Operating under the name of Lumière [Light] in the 60s and 70s, Lakroa is the oldest of all the weeklies in Madagascar. It can also claim to be the only print media outlet that has truly national coverage. Lakroa is available on the Internet http://www.geocities.com/lakroam Monthlies Jureco [Mensuel Juridique et Economique - Law and Economic Monthly] As suggested by its name, Jureco is a monthly magazine focusing on legal and economic issues but also carries political reports. Antananarivo-based, independent and published in French, it features analyses and in-depth reports generally bylined by legal and economics professionals and university lecturers. Jureco is part of the same group as the Feon'ny Merina weekly newspaper and radio. Its web site http://www.jureco.com has not been updated fully and regularly over the last three months. R.O.I. [Revue de l'Ocean indien - Indian Ocean Review] ROI is an Antananarivo-based independent monthly magazine published in French. ROI is available on the Internet only on subscription http://www.madatours.com/roi Feon'ny Merina [Voice of the Merina] Feon'ny Merina is the newspaper counterpart of Radio Feon'ny Merina. Even though it is not available on its own on the Internet, some of its features appear on an Internet site called "Zaikabe" (forum, congress) which promotes the Merina cause http://home.cwnet.com/zaikabe/KI/FMERINA Source: BBC Monitoring research 23 September 02 BBC Mon AF1 AFEau MD1 Media 160902/cnob/vr (via DXLD) ** MEXICO. XEQOO, Radio Pirata, Cancún, 1050 kHz, 1616+ GMT with usual Spanish pop, Spanish woman DJ with brief Hurricane Isidore advisory. Unfortunately, this is the only Quintana Roo or Yucatán station I can hear (day or night) with regularity here (Terry L. Krueger, FL, Sept 22, hard-core-dx via DXLD) ** OKLAHOMA. The sad saga of Enid`s only local TV station continues: KXOK-LP channel 32 (Cox cable 18), peaked in early August when it sponsored a 2-hour debate among the then seven primary gubernatorial candidates. We were in the audience at Oakwood Mall just outside the studios. Since this was at 7 pm, the 6:30 news was cancelled, as no doubt there would not have been time to set up the cameras, etc. But the local newscast did not come back the next day; the anchor, Tim Bradfield (who is really a weatherman), proceeded to go on vacation, and for a couple of weeks it was done by a substitute, who gave his name every few minutes, and which we promptly forgot. After a few more sporadic appearances, the news seemed gone for good. Then an auction was revived for a few nights in prime time, allegedly as a `benefit` for KUAL-LP 104.7, and/or to pay off (ex)staffers who had been waiting on their salary, causing a lot of bad feelings. It soon became clear that just about everybody who worked for KXOK had quit; and we noticed that the office cubicles which had been visible from outside the door, had all disappeared. Subsequently, it appeared there was little or nothing left of KXOK`s facility in the mall. By mid-September all we saw would be America One network feeds; then the constant advertising crawler at bottom of screen disappeared. Then the video disappeared! Black screen for days at a time, but network audio was still there. Came back for less than a day. Then as of Sept 23 the same incredible situation (both on air 32 and cable 18), black video, and network audio. We hear that the station is in big trouble (surprise), as the owner (or purchaser?) Rex Faulkner is in a divorce and his assets have been frozen. Why don`t they just turn it off? Somebody appears to be messing with KXOK output, perhaps to decrease its book value (if any). Meanwhile, Bradfield has become a DJ on KUAL The Rocket, which is sounding more and more commercial with `sponsors` of programming. Altho there has been a lot of personnel crossover, the two stations are not legally related, as far as we know. Stay tuned... (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** PAPUA NEW GUINEA. PNG PROVINCIAL GOVERNOR OFFERS TO TAKE OVER LOCAL RADIO STATION | Text of report by Papua New Guinea newspaper The National web site on 23 September Gulf [Province] Governor Chris Haiveta has assured the management of the National Broadcasting Corporation that his government is prepared to take on the responsibility of looking after Radio Gulf. He would like the NBC to sign over running of the radio station to the province. Mr Haiveta gave the assurance after Radio Gulf was shut down last month due to technical and electrical problems. Mr Haiveta wants to bring the radio station and the Gulf information office under one roof. "Where the print media or the television does not reach, radio has over the years provided invaluable government information and has kept rural people abreast with events around the world," Mr Haiveta said. He is seeking the NBC management's help to sign an agreement to transfer the radio station to his government. Mr Haiveta visited the premises of Radio Gulf last week with the deputy director of NBC, Posa Lari, and director for Kundu Service Winterford Suharupa. Radio Gulf is expected to come on air later this week after maintenance work in the studio and office complex. Source: The National web site, Port Moresby, in English 23 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) ** PARAGUAY. -- Dear Friend Thord Knutsson: Many thanks for your message, and for your greetings from Sweden! We are attempting to further strengthen the equipment. The primary challenge is to improve the transfer characteristic, from the Power Amplifier to the antenna. There is an impedance mismatch, and we must correct this. In general terms, the equipment performs very well, and has excellent audio quality. We have had to construct the three transmitters, ourselves, as commercially-built equipment does not survive our conditions. This is owing to "wild" energy supply, severe storms, high temperatures, dust, frogs and insects. The frogs dearly love to explore, within the equipment. Sadly enough, this is often the end of the frog. The insects find the 6,5 mm diametre test jacks ideal for egg-laying repositories! We have an insect hatchery, wish it or not, in some of our equipment. My greatest unsolved mystery, thus far, is how a fully-grown frog managed to enter a PLL tuning box, 12 cm x 4 cm, which is completely sealed, by six screws, excepting for an opening, 5 mm in diametre. This box is held within another, sealed metal box, closed by 16 screws. There is, however, an opening of 10 mm diametre. My conclusion is that the frog, at a very young age, entered the 10 mm passage, found its4way through the second, 5 mm passage, and then grew inside, trapped, where it perished, from starvation. Please keep listening for 7300 and 7370 kHz. We are attempting to further strengthen the signals. With best wishes (Dom Mur, R. América [undated] via Thord Knutsson, SW Bulletin Sept 22 via DXLD) ** PERU. 3172.76, R. Municipal was here a year ago, station now *0940v with Peruvian format, music but too weak for much more detail other than "desde ....en Perú...en la música" 73's de (Bob Wilkner in Margate, South Florida Icom R 75 Drake R 7 NRD 535 Sept 22, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** PERU. 4886.40, Radio Virgen del Carmen (Tentative), Huancavelica, 2302-2310, September 21. Radio Dif. Acreana is off air at this hour. Andean tropical music. Short announcement in Spanish: "Este sábado... gran fiesta...", 24432 (Arnaldo Slaen, Argentine, dxing.info via DXLD) ** PERU. 4940, R. San Antonio AM-FM, partial-data Certificado de Sintonía card in 7-1/2 months for cassette, mint stamps (not used), SAE (not used). Also enclosed one-page personal computer-generated letter, two-page station info letter and postcard of local birds. Address listed as Calle Iquitos 499, Atalaya, Ucayali, Peru, E-mail given as rasat@terra.com.pe This is different from the E-mail I used at the beginning of the year. Rafael Rodríguez in Colombia just received a QSL from them as well, so maybe more of those written QSLs will be showing up soon (John Sgrulletta, NY, DX-plorer via DXLD) ** POLAND [non]. Here's a much better ID-recording from the sign on this Sunday morning at 6 UT on 15455 kHz. 73, (Erik Koie, Copenhagen, maybe on WORLD OF RADIO 1149, DXLD) ** RUSSIA. Advance information from the Voice of Russia is that it plans to use the 120 metre band (!) for services to Australia and SEA, for B-02, effective Oct-27. This is very unusual, and the planned frequency is 2300 kHz, with 250 kW from Irkutsk, 0600-0900, azimuth 150 degrees. I am not sure if this is a mistake, but that it how it was presented to me! Interestingly, 2310, just nearby, is used by the ABC's NT service at Alice Springs, 0830-2130! We'll see if it happens... Regards! (Bob Padula, Sept 22, EDXP via DXLD) ** SERBIA. A reminder that for the time being we are filing stuff about Yugoslavia, i.e. RY reactivated on SW, under Y (gh, DXLD) ** SOUTH CAROLINA. It has been reported that the two girls Brother Stair is accused of diddling are black. They are also young. I heard an interview with someone somewhere (don`t recall where) who said that when the world did not end at the dawn of 2000, Brother Stair decided that all his preaching is false, but continued it nevertheless as a means to make a living. If this theory is true, then B.S. believed his own nonsense prior to 2000, but not thereafter. Brother Stair is in his old form once again, threatening to go off various stations if listeners don`t send funds. He did say on the morning of Sept 16, in a live break-in to the normal tapes he plays, that he`s satisfied with his support from WWCR. Texe Marrs did say two weekends ago, on his WWCR broadcast, that he no longer thinks Brother Stair is a man of god, and that he (Texe Marrs) has a one-hour tape denouncing B.S. which may be purchased for $8 (Robert Arthur, Sept 17, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** SYRIA [non]. 12115 / 12085, Sawt Al Wattani, 1528 Sept 21, playing the song 'wattani'. Signal on 12115 S9+30 while 12085 is S9+20 on dipole antenna. Syria was stronger on 12085 and signal stopped 15 secs after 115 stopped (Zacharias Liangas, Retziki, Thessaloniki, Greece, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** TAIWAN. I am 99.9% certain it was Taiwan I was listening to on 15265 and parallel 7515 at 1545 today - both good signals but with co- channel Chinese, which I assume were jammers. They had a comedy programme - at least, the audience were laughing - so perhaps the Variety Network 1? The 'big band' was unleashed at 1600 and is still playing at 1705 on 7515 but stopped at 1700 on 15265 allowing TWN to be heard clearly till closedown c1702 (Noel Green, England, Sept 22, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A [non]. Radio Africa International opened at 1700 on 15265. This is listed as UMC via Jülich at 1700-1859. But after Glenn`s remarks in DXLD 2-148, I will refrain from making any more comment, except to say that it is in English!!! (Noel Green, England, Sept 22, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Yes, this really is the UMC, via Germany. See also AUSTRIA above (gh) 15265 should be a "safe" case; the special ORF transmissions of the Vienna-based Radio Afrika International are somewhere on 16 metres, alongside with a slot on the regular ROI program. By the way, apparently bad news from Vienna is to be expected again (Kai Ludwig, Germany, Sept 22, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A. Friday --- I just got back from spending the day at Upton repairing the 7490 kHz transmitter - now being called BY-10 (Bethany #10) ! Someone had removed the hot air exhaust duct (in order to reduce the "noise" being heard by some neighbors) which allowed rainwater leaking from the roof to enter and flood the RF Amplifier compartment. The water knocked the transmitter off the air and then drained into the blower through its' ductwork. When the folks at Upton tried to restart the transmitter sometime later, the water under pressure from the blower destroyed the canvas ductwork, reflooded the RF compartment, and filled the air inlets of all the tube sockets with the pieces of canvas duct! Man, what a mess! I started on it at 8:00 AM and had it cleaned up and the ductwork replaced (had to improvise - not having any canvas handy, I swiped a bath towel and cut a strip of it and lined it with duct tape) and got it back up and running by noon. When I left at 3:00 PM it was still churning out 49 kW as if it were fat-n-happy! Sunday --- I was listening last night and again this morning and it sounds like they have reduced the audio level leaving the studio end to prevent the POTS or CoDec or whatever that thing is, from clipping and cutting out on program peaks. That part sounds better - but now there isn't enough modulation (Larry Baysinger, KY, Sept 22, Cumbre DX via DXLD) Geez, what next? Well, this fix didn`t last long as it was gone again Sept 21 and 22, tho a carrier seemed back 23 (gh, DXLD) I again heard a special program devoted to WJIE's developments. It was on last Friday (Sept. 20) at about 23.45 UT on 7490 kHz. Reception wasn't the best. But I believe they said that WJIE has already acquired KVOH. The format of KVOH will remain the same, new Christian broadcasters are welcomed. (What about a spot for the World of Radio? :)) The FM-transmitter for their Liberian station is already in Nigeria. Sounds like WJIE's signal comes to a transmitter in Upton, KY via the Internet. Oftentimes the quality suffers. They probably don't have a broadband access there or it's not very reliable (Sergei Sosedkin, IL, Sept 22, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A. Lori Wallace has a show on WWCR. It is standard short-wave Christianity, end of the world is nigh, etc. But, she is female. And the guy who comes on immediately after her (Preacher Otwell) has for the past three weeks begun his broadcast in what appears to be a normal, planned manner. But then about 7 or 8 minutes into his broadcast he says he`ll digress for a moment. And he spends the rest of his half-hour allotment denouncing Lori Wallace for preaching and speaking, when the Bible prohibits women from speaking aloud or having any authority of [over?] men. Then at the end of his broadcast he expresses surprise that the time got away from him, and that he couldn`t get to his prepared material! This guy has also denounced Lori Wallace`s most recent guest who dared to quote from some Bible other than the KJV. I have not noticed that Lori Wallace has directly responded to these attacks, but in her most recent broadcast she did say that she is thinking about expanding from a half-hour to an hour, and wants her listeners to send in as much money as they possibly can to enable her to do so. This might be a side-swipe because I`m not sure that she can expand at will even if she can pay for it, if someone else already has that time slot (Robert Arthur, Sept 17, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Here they are, UT Sundays, CDT Saturdays on 5070: 0130-0200 8:30-9:00 Keep Standing For The Truth Lori Wallace 0200-0230 9:00-9:15 [sic] God Said Ministries (LIVE) W. N. Otwell ** U S A. KIMF - does it exist yet? Does anyone know the current operational status of KIMF in New Mexico? I have found a sked (well a tentative one) but contact details are lacking. I have an email address for, I think, the owner/operator but it went unanswered (interestingly it didn't bounce). The last report I read was for a site visit in August and nothing was to be found, not a mast or anything. So is KIMF going to be on the air soon? thanks for your help!! 73 (Sean G4UCJ, hard-core-dx via DXLD) So what is the tentative schedule and where did you find it? 73, (Glenn Hauser, to Sean, via DXLD) [HCDX] KIMF New Mexico - tentative B02 sked This is the tentative sked for KIMF in New Mexico lifted from the FCC web site 11885.0 1800 0000 KIMF 50 135 10,11 5835.0 0000 1800 KIMF 50 135 10,11 and the contact details for this "station" are:- KIMF Pinon, New Mexico. E-mail Dr. James Planck at james@plancktech.com I guess it may be a case of waiting until the end of October and see if it appears (although I doubt it!). 73 (Sean, ibid.) ** U S A. 25950, KPM 556 (presumed), [Portland OR] 1630, Sept 22, Non stop rasta groove. Good signal into TN. I read recently that this station was closed due to lack of interest by new CE, but apparently this is not the case (David Hodgson, TN, Sept 22, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** VIETNAM. 4795.80, Son La BC Station 1333-1358* Sept 21. Heard with a program of instrumental music ranging from light vocals to rustic instruments. Heard one announcement by a female speaker at 1346 briefly, then again at 1357 with a few words. Instrumental vocal played to sign-off in mid-song at 1358 1/2 hours. Signal was fair to periods where was just about the noise level, with the constant presents of the 'swosher' (Ed Kusalik, Alberta, Sept 22, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** VIETNAM. I saw a report recently that someone in North America had received a QSL from Voice of Vietnam, showing the transmitter site for 9840 as Sackville. This is incorrect. The tranmitter on 9840 is at Son Tay, near Ha Noi, using 100 kW. For the current A-02 season, the Sackville relay is on 6175 0100-0500. VOV has increased its English "Language Education" features in the Vietnamese External Service. One of these new English programs may be heard at 2025-2030 on 9725, via the Skelton relay. Note also that portions of some Vietnamese services carried in the External Broadcasts may originate from the Domestic Network, which includes segments for ethnic minorities. Watch out for some new frequencies for VOV to start on Oct -27, such as 9575 (Son Tay) 1600-2130, 0000-0100, and 1100-1130. 11575 (Son Tay) 0000-0100, 1100-1130, 1300-1400, 1615-2030 15295 (Son Tay) various times! Regards from (Bob, in Melbourne, Padula, Sept 22, EDXP via DXLD) ** WALES. THIS WEEK IN RADIO HISTORY - ENGLAND TO AUSTRALIA This must be the era for important radio anniversaries in Australia. Two weeks back we noted the 75th anniversary of the experimental shortwave station VK2ME; earlier in this edition of ``Wavescan`` we noted the 75th anniversary of the Melbourne counterpart, experimental station VK3ME; and now we have the story of the 84th anniversary of the 1st wireless message transmitted from England to Australia. Back in the days of the colonization of Australia by convicts and soldiers, it could take three months or more to make the long sea journey from England to Sydney around the bottom of Africa. There was an urgent need throughout all of these years to provide a much quicker form of communication between the Mother country and her most distant colonies. Thus, when Marconi`s method of wireless communication by Morse Code became available, it provided just the answer that Australia needed. After extensive testing and the exchanging of messages between England and Australia by undersea cablegrams, everything was ready for the first direct wireless contact with Australia. The date was September 22, 1918, just before the end of the Great War. A Morse Code message of goodwill was tapped out at the Marconi station located near Carnarvon in Wales. This station was licensed at the time with the callsign MUU, the 200 kW transmitter was tuned to the longwave channel 14,300 metres or 21 kHz, and the high antenna in use for this occasion was beamed towards North America. The famous wireless pioneer in Australia was Sir Ernest Fisk, an Englishman who had served under Marconi in England and who had established in Australia, AWA, the Amalgamated Wireless of Australasia (Ostral-Asia). He lived in his home, ``Lucania`` in Wahroonga (wa- ROONG-gah), an outer suburb of Sydney, and in long walking distance from the well known Adventist Hospital. Sir Ernest tuned in the longwave signal from the Marconi station MUU in Wales using a ten-valve receiving set with an antenna 60 ft high and 100 ft long. He copied down the historic message that arrived from the other side of the globe in just one twentieth of a second. The message of goodwill from England was published next day on the front pages of the morning newspapers. The Fisk home in Wahroonga is an unpretentious dwelling, and a historic marker reminds passers-by that this was where the first wireless message from England was received back in 1918, now a long 82 years ago (Adrian Michael Peterson, AWR Wavescan Sept 22 via DXLD) Was the distinxion between England and Wales even less clear in 1918? According to my calculations, that was 84 years ago... (gh, DXLD) ** YUGOSLAVIA [non]. The problem was maybe more political than monetary - BIH is another country now, and I would guess there is still animosity between Sarajevo and Belgrade. Although they don't say so, I guess it is now costing money for the Yugoslavs to use what were their own transmitter(s) - and Kai could be correct in saying that no cheque had been received. I note there were four 500 kW BBC transmitters installed at this site in 1986, but seem to remember reading that two(?) were removed and taken to Stubline, and that these were later - er - 'rebuilt' by NATO along with the rest of that site. I have observed several changes of frequency since Bijeljina resumed operations and they have on each occasion gone off a frequency before starting on the next one, which seems to indicate only one sender is being used. Their A-02 schedule only requires one transmitter to be operational anyway. Maybe eventually we will find out just how many transmitters remain at Bijeljina. The French service was heard at 1600 opening on 9620 today (Sept. 22) - I was distracted and didn`t have the opportunity to listen at 1630 to see if German has resumed. However, Radio Liberty via Jülich has occupied 9620 1600-1700 for Armenian and the clash here was very bad. It was difficult to hear either station clearly. And yes, Glenn - Arabic on 11800 should be at 1430 and not 1400 as I erroneously wrote. I heard it opening on top of a CNR transmission (Noel Green, England, Sept 22, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Meanwhile I researched my records: The transmissions ceased on Dec. 11 2001, and it was reported then that the main power supply of the transmitter site was switched off after the debts reached 298,000 DEM. Regarding the ownership of the transmitters: I understand that they are owned and operated by Radio Yugoslavia or perhaps another Serbian organization, considering that reportedly once a NATO officer appeared on the site and demanded the staff leave and discontinue the transmissions. So this should be more or less their own transmitters, but of course they have to pay for the mainpower. And "we had to wait for a licence" certainly sounds better than "we could not pay our bills", so I am still not convinced that the nine month silent period was merely the result of legal problems as Radio Yugoslavia wants us to believe. By the way, I guess the remark on the website contains simply a typo and the transmissions in fact started again on Sep. 19. Regarding the equipment at Bijeljina-Jabanusa: Yes, reportedly two of the transmitters were moved to Stubline (only stored there, never put on operation) and of course destroyed. And indeed already for a couple of years only one transmitter is in use at Jabanusa anymore (probably both units alternately but never together), operated at 250 kW only. Most likely this is just a matter of operational costs (main power, PA stage tubes). 9620 today: They did not burn money by transmitting nothing but an interval signal for a half hour, instead they simply cut off at or very shortly after 1630, without any comment of course. Thanks for identifying the interfering co-channel station; Jabanusa was well ahead here with a powerful signal but RL was still audible in the background, alongside with the already reported transmitter hum. I include a recording of the seconds prior to the carrier cut, do not start, when the carrier disappears the local noise here becomes quite a racket (Kai Ludwig, Germany, Sept 22, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Hi Glenn, The Radio Yugoslavia Web site is now only one day behind the rest of us. Their amended text reads: "We would like to inform our listeners that after a several-month break, during which it published news bulletins on the Internet, Radio Yugoslavia will resume its short-wave programming in 12 foreign languages and in Serbian for the diaspora on Friday, September 19." But note they still use the future tense! A lot of radio stations send out calendars. Maybe we should return the favour :-) 73, (Andy Sennitt, Sept 23, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Maybe they were going by the Serbian Orthodox church calendar? (gh, DXLD) UNIDENTIFIED. 30960 (15480 x 2), 1709, Sept 22, Nice 2nd harmonic. More listenable then the fundamental, which was audible with lots of QSB. Did not recognize the language, but heard mention of "Radio Europa" several times. Could this be from the Czech Republic? (David Hodgson, TN, harmonics yahoogroups via DXLD) +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ PROPAGATION +++++++++++ KN4LF DAILY SOLAR SPACE WEATHER GEOMAGNETIC DATA PLUS MF PROPAGATION OUTLOOK: http://www.kn4lf.com/kn4lf5.htm (Thomas Giella, KN4LF Plant City, FL, hard-core-dx via DXLD) ### ||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| DX LISTENING DIGEST 2-148, September 21, 2002 edited by Glenn Hauser, wghauser@hotmail.com Items from DXLD may be reproduced and re-reproduced only if full credit be maintained at all stages and we be provided exchange copies. DXLD may not be reposted in its entirety without permission. Materials taken from Arctic or originating from Olle Alm and not having a commercial copyright are exempt from all restrictions of noncommercial, noncopyrighted reusage except for full credits HTML version of this issue will be posted afterwards at http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldtd02.html For restrixions and searchable 2002 contents archive see http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldmid.html NOTE: If you are a regular reader of DXLD, and a source of DX news but have not been sending it directly to us, please consider yourself obligated to do so. Thanks, Glenn WORLD OF RADIO 1148: FIRST AIRINGS ON RFPI: Sun 0000, 0600, Mon 0030, 0630, Wed 0100, 0700 on 7445, 15038.7; webcasts also Sat 1330, 1800, Sun 1200, 1830, Mon 1230, Wed 1300 BROADCASTS ON WWCR: Sun 0230 5070, Sun 0630 3210, Wed 0930 9475 BROADCAST ON WBCQ: Mon 0415 on 7415 BROADCASTS ON WJIE 7490: Maybe Sun 0515, Mon, Tue... 1200; any others? BROADCASTS ON WRN: Rest of world Sat 0800; North America Sun 1400 ONDEMAND http://www.wrn.org/ondemand/worldofradio.html (DOWNLOAD) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1148.rm (STREAM) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1148.ram (SUMMARY) http://www.worldofradio.com/wor1148.html WORLD OF RADIO ON STUDIO X, MOMIGNO, ITALY: Hi Glenn! First of all, we'd like to make our congratulations for your good job; we're glad to rebroadcast on our station your World Of Radio which is of a great success among many of our listeners. I'm writing to let you know and all radio enthusiasts of a change in our programmation concerning World of Radio. Since next Sunday, your weekly programme will be broadcast at 9.30 pm [1930 UT] instead of the usual 6.30 pm (local time). The other day and time remains the same (every Saturday at 12.30 am, always local time) [Friday 2230 UT]. This is to increase the chance for WOR to be heard by our listeners throughout Europe on the MW frequency (1584 kHz, the other 1566 is temporarily off). Best regards, (Massimiliano Marchi, RADIO STUDIO X, Sept 21, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** AFGHANISTAN. INDIAN FILMS BACK ON KABUL TV Kabul, Sept. 18: State television in the Afghan capital Kabul was showing Indian movies once again from Tuesday after a ban was lifted in what was seen a victory for moderates over Islamists within the government. Women singing could also be heard again on State radio, after a special media commission appointed by President Hamid Karzai overruled restrictions imposed by the head of Kabul TV and radio. Engineer Mohammad Ishaq, Kabul TV and radio chief and a senior figure in the Northern Alliance movement that dominates Karzai's government, imposed the restrictions without warning in August. Indian films, with their mix of melodrama, romance, songs and theatrical fighting have been hugely popular in Afghanistan. After five years of Taliban rule, when sharia was imposed, including a ban on all public music and television, Afghans have been enjoying new freedoms. The removal of the restrictions was seen as a victory for Karzai and Information Minister Sayed Raheen Makhdoom, who had sacked Ishaq's predecessor, Abdul Hafiz Mansoor, in July after a row over what should be shown on television (Deccan Chronicle, Hyderabad, 19 Sept 2002 http://deccan.com/neighbours/template.shtml#Indian via: Jose Jacob, VU2JOS, dx_india via DXLD) ** ANDAMAN ISLANDS. 4760, AIR Port Blair (presumed), 1140-1215. Program of music from the subcontinent, primarily solos by men and women with string instruments in the background. Very short announcements by woman between selections. 1200 Announcement by woman, then talk between man and woman. 1205 Music resumed, this time much slower. Rather poor signal, increasing in strength 1145-1155, then declining to fadeout at 1215. SINPO 24222. Have been hearing talk on 4760 all week, barely above the noise. First log of this station (Jim Evans, TN September 19, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** AUSTRIA. Hi Glenn, There hasn't been a logging of Radio Afrika International from Austria since January, 2002. I heard them today with an English phone number and e mail address, so here's a logging. I'm going to try the e mail to see if I can get a QSL. Will keep you informed. Radio Afrika International 9/21/02, 17875, 1530-1600. Sign on in French with news, to High Life music. In vernacular (possibly West African language) with talk, many IDs ``Radio Afrika International, Vienna, Austria`` and West African music. Canned ID in French to English ID and phone number (00 431 494-4033) and e mail address r.Africa@sil.au Voice of America Sign on at 1600 obliterated the signal. Enjoyable program and very good reception. As a reminder, this is the student domestic program re-broadcast via Moosbrunn, Austria not the United Methodist Church effort also called Radio Africa International. (See DXLD 2-017) (Mark Taylor, Madison, WI, Sept 21, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Quite by coincidence, here we go again: ** AUSTRIA. 17895, R. Africa Int'l. Nice F/D Map card in 81 days for a f/up via NY address. V/S Donna Newman, Executive Producer, and Raphael Mbadinga, Associate Producer (John Wilkins, CO, Cumbre DX via DXLD) [non]. Too bad these otherwise accomplished DXers don`t read DXLD, or we would not keep seeing confused reports like the above, already explained (and we also told the UMC people directly about this): Oops! If Niemann and Mbodinga QSLed this, they are just as confused as you are. The 17895 broadcast from Austria at this hour was ****not**** the Methodist ``R. Africa International``, which originates in NY and is transmitted at other times and other frequencies via Germany, but instead the Vienna ethnic station which has been carried at certain times via Moosbrunn. There is **no** connexion between them, as we have pointed out several times before, except that unfortunately they use the same name! Goes to show what can be accomplished in relentless pursuit of so-called ``verifications`` by not paying attention, on the part of broadcasters as well as listeners (Glenn Hauser, DX LISTENING DIGEST 2-108 via DXLD 2-148) How many more times will I have to repeat this? ** BELGIUM. Liz Sanderson of RVI has been quite ill for a while and has been on leave. Frans Vossen fell while on a trip abroad and broke his knee. So, Radio World has not aired for several weeks (Bob Thomas, CT, Sept 16, DX LISTENING DIGEST) And the previous one stays ondemand ** BOLIVIA. Radio Fides Bolivia Updates Website Address: Dear Friends: We are visiting your page and we have discovered that the access link to the page of Radio Fides [listed on the website] is no longer functioning. The new address is http://www.radiofides.com We await your visit to this site and any suggestions will be welcome. (Rafael Mendieta, Radio Fides – Fides Virtual, La Paz, Bolivia, Sept 23 Catholic Radio Update, Sept 21 via DXLD) ** BRAZIL. 4775, Rádio Congonhas, Praça da Basílica 130, Congonhas, MG Cep 36.404-000, Brazil. QSL letter full data in 20 days. V/S: unreadable. Sent a sticker of Congonhas city, other small station`s sticker, a 2002 calendar and tourist material of Congonhas: "cidade dos profetas". (Arnaldo Slaen, Argentine, Sept 21, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** BRAZIL. Caro Glenn, O horário de funcionamento da Ternura 4845 é: das 0800 às 1300 UTC. Depois, fica apagado o transmissor até às 1900 UTC, quando é religado e segue funcionamento até às 2100 UTC. De acordo com o diretor e proprietário, Roque da Rosa, são os horários em que o transmissor tem o melhor ganho. E concordo com ele, pois ninguém escuta uma emissora em 60 metros às 1200 UTC. Por exemplo, aqui em Porto Alegre, não ouço nada após às 1100 UTC. Quem chega forte até este horário são as duas emissoras de Londrina (PR): a Difusora, em 4815 kHz, e a Alvorada, em 4865 kHz. Depois, nada mais. Só ao entardecer. A Rádio Cultura, de Manaus(AM), dificilmente é sintonizada aqui em Porto Alegre. Após às 2100 TU, quem aparece é a Rádio Mauritânia. Nas vezes em que captei a Cultura foi por volta de 0100 em diante. 73s! (Célio Romais, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** BRAZIL. 31m bandscan, UT Sept 14 starting at 0000, all Portuguese: 9515, R. Novas de Paz, 0000-0200+, lite instrumental music, talk, Braz ballads, ID, promos, jingles. Fair, \\ 6080.06 poor-weak. 9530.22, R. Nova Visão, 0000-0213*. Talk, ID, religious programming. Contemporary Christian music. Mentions of R. Transmundial. Good, \\ 5964.95 weak-poor; listed 11735 not heard. 9565.07, R. Tupi, 0000-0315+, religious programming, talk by M & W, religious music, recitations. \\ 11765.05, 6060, all weak. 9630.17, R. Aparecida, 0000-0201*, talk, phone talk, ID, announcements, jingles. Religious programming with religious music and recitations. \\ 5035.1, 6134.76, all fair-good [Catholic --- gh] 9645.2, R. Bandeirantes, 0000-0300+, talk, ID, announcements, ads, jingles. Good, \\ 11925 which was poor. [around 1300 et al., I hear a het on 9645, assumed to be TIFC --- gh] 9675, R. Canção Nova, 0000-0230+, Braz pops, ballads. Phone talk, promos, jingles, ads. Fair, \\ 6105, 4824.97, both weak. 9683.78, R. Gazeta, 0000-0100+, talk, ads, jingles. \\ 15324.85, both weak (Brian Alexander, PA, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** CANADA. MONTREAL'S CJAD ON 26 MEGS Even after three hearings, on 26.200 MHz, of CJAD's narrow FM mode cueing signal, a Canadian presence in the 26.10 to 26.47 MHz band is still something of an exotic novelty. Mark Kavanagh of CJAD has given the following information: The signal on 26.200 MHz comes from a one Watt transmitter, made by Comrex, situated in the radio commentary booth at Molson Stadium in Montreal. It is only used for football games. The 1-Watt transmitter serves to extend the studio cueing link from the commentary booth down to CJAD's field-level roving reporter. The 26 MHz equipment was added to CJAD's commentary system during the 2001 football season. The main audio feed from stadium to studio is through a telephone company hi-fi land line. In the reverse direction, this same cable also carries the studio instructions to the commentators. The reporter who pounds the touch line has headphones and a 26 MHz Comrex receiver and, for his contribution to what the listeners hear, a microphone and a small transmitter. Molson Stadium in Montreal is on the lower slopes of our local hill, which is optimistically named Mount Royal. My place is about 6 km (4 miles) away and, if it wasn't for the houses in-between and some other factors, I'd be getting this signal by line of sight reception. One thing I noticed on the first two instances of hearing this was that the signal started out at fair strength with every word audible but, as dusk came on, the signal faded down to become quite unusable. Something didn't jive here. Onset of darkness is not supposed to affect short-range ground wave propagation at this frequency. Observed fact disagreed with the known behaviour of radio waves. It took two weeks for a likely explanation to come to mind. The Montreal Alouettes football team is thriving since adopting a "small is beautiful" policy. They abandoned the unpopular but impressive looking Olympic Stadium, known as The Big "O" or, as some wags would have it, The Big Owe. As soon as they set up shop in the down-town, open-air Molson Stadium, crowds surged in. Every home game is a sell out. Bill Westenhaver, who lives in the area, reports that people are still streaming into the ground when the game is fifteen minutes old. So, by the end of the first quarter, there are something like 20,000 "other factors" jammed into the terraces. Enough bodies, perhaps, to absorb much of the horizontal radiation coming from a transmitting antenna. If this theory is true, then sometime in the fourth quarter, when spectators start going home, the signal reaching me may fade back up to its original strength. Something for me to check out with the next home game. So much for the ground wave part of this signal. What could become of the part of the transmitted signal that shoots out above the terraces? True, somebody in an aircraft may be able to hear it, but most of the sky wave just zooms out into interstellar space. Except when there's E-skip. On the relatively rare occasions when the ionosphere's E-layer makes these signals bounce back, DXers in the following areas may be lucky enough to catch some of CJAD's 1 Watt signal on 26.2 MHz and hear how well the Alouettes are doing : the Labrador coast, eastern NF, Bermuda, from SC to FL, IL to TX, WI to SD, western ON & MB, Hudson Bay to Baffin Island. This kind of propagation does occur. Some months ago, David Hodgson in TN heard a 1W studio cueing signal from CHEM-TV, Ch 8, in Trois Rivières QC. A sample of what he heard was available on the internet and it didn't take an advanced knowledge of French to make out the ID it contained. So, given the right conditions, a keen listener in TN may, one day, hear Montreal's CJAD on 26 MHz (Alan Roberts, QC, 25 Plus, Sept CIDX Messenger via Sheldon Harvey, DXLD) Another explanation of fade could be battery running down (gh, DXLD) ** CHINA. MW Observations: The last few days have offered some openings for Chinese stations in the MW band and there are some observations to report. Xinjiang PBS 738 Chinese and 1107 Kazakh both with satellite delay compared to SW, so the station seems to have different MW and SW sites. 1107 (formerly on 909) has had badly distorted modulation for decades and has also been off frequency but now heard with clean audio and spot on frequency, so the old rig seems to have been replaced. The new 1200 kW rig on 1134 has been rather strong, perhaps the strongest of the Chinese domestic transmitters at my location, but with much European interference. The audio is synchro with the new Golmud (in Qinghai) transmitter on 4800, so this could also be the location of 1134. Building a combined complex would make sense. 1377 was recently listed in a schedule for Tibet (Xizang PBS) as the MW frequency of the Chinese channel, but it is still heard with only CNR-1 at times when 4820, 6050, etc. have local Chinese, so either is the big one on 1377 located elsewhere or is the Tibet schedule misleading. Other channels heard were 945, 981 (two transmitters) and 1593, all known to be exclusive CNR-1 relays. 981 is a traditional channel while 945 and 1593 have popped up in the past few years (Olle Alm, Sweden, 20 Sep, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** CHINA. FALUN GONG TV PROGRAMS BROADCAST FOR 70 MINUTES AROUND BAODING CITY AND BEIJING: Broadcasts Vut [sic?] through Distortions and Fabrications about Falun Gong Spread by PRC Propaganda [Falun Gong press release] http://www.faluninfo.net/DisplayAnArticle.asp?ID=3D6228 NEW YORK, September 4, 2002 (Falun Dafa Information Center) -- Falun Gong practitioners in China have once again turned the tables on one of the Chinese leader's most potent weapons for spreading propaganda about Falun Gong -- state-run television. On August 23 and 27, video programs at least 70 minutes long were broadcasted on prime time television over a wide area in and around Baoding City, Hebei Province. Witnesses in the Fangshan area in Beijing say they saw similar videos on local TV stations earlier in the month. The videos -- entitled "Witness and Testimonies" and "Falun Dafa Around the World" -- expose the human rights abuses suffered by practitioners of Falun Gong under Jiang Zemin's regime as well as report on the support of the practice worldwide. These broadcasts mark the ninth incident to be verified by the Falun Dafa Information Center since January, 2002, when practitioners of Falun Gong in China first attempted to have their voice heard over television airwaves. "With mass media under the tight control of China's leader," explains Falun Dafa Information Center spokesperson Erping Zhang, "Falun Gong practitioners in China have used more creative methods to break through the propaganda campaign against them, such as overriding television broadcasts, broadcasting radio programs from speakers placed in hard-to-reach areas, distributing flyers and leaflets, etc." Mr. Zhang continued, "The regime uses its money and power to mislead the public into thinking that Falun Gong is bad, and the persecution campaign doesn't exist. Practitioners of Falun Gong, on the other hand, are using their hearts to let the people know Falun Gong is good, and that people are being persecuted horribly for their beliefs." Round-up of Falun Gong Practitioners Sources in China report that authorities quickly mobilized a strike force and declared martial law from August 27-30 in Xushi County and neighboring areas in an attempt to round-up those responsible for the broadcast. One source reports that a mini-van containing three Falun Gong practitioners was fired upon and rammed three times by local police. One practitioner in the van was arrested while two others managed to escape, this source says. After the second broadcast on August 27, officials from Baoding City and surrounding counties set up a 24-hour patrol of their broadcasting facilities, sources in China say. Meanwhile, as in Changchun and other areas where Falun Gong videos were successfully broadcast, police began indiscriminately rounding up practitioners and harassing their family members. Debunking Jiang's Propaganda Machine The content of the videos debunk many of the propaganda news stories that are broadcast regularly by the state-run media in China. The state-run broadcasts typically slander and distort the teachings of Falun Gong and falsely depict Falun Gong practitioners being treated "humanely" while in police custody. The propaganda also depicts Falun Gong as a small group within China that is either non-existent or repressed in countries outside China. The video "Falun Dafa Around the World," however, presents quite a different picture -- that Falun Gong is practiced in over 50 countries around the world, and that Falun Gong and its founder, Mr. Li Hongzhi, have received over 600 awards and proclamations in North America alone for contributions the practice has made to local communities and public health. Mr. Li is a three-time Nobel Peace Prize nominee. Before Falun Gong practitioners began overriding television signals in January, 2002, to broadcast these types of programs, none of these facts had ever been broadcast publicly in China. (http://www.faluninfo.net Sep 4, 2002 via N. Grace, for CRW via DXLD) CAPTAIN MIDNIGHT STRIKES AGAIN By Gerry Oberst, Via Satellite, September 4, 2002 China experienced its equivalent of "Captain Midnight" in late June this year. Although the facts are murky, and may never be fully known, it appears that the [practitioners] of the Falun Gong spiritual [practice] overpowered the regular feed to the Sinosat 1 satellite and broadcast a banner for several minutes on channels of China Central Television. There are varying reports on the Chinese incident. Most of China Central Television's 10 channels, and the same number of provincial channels on the same satellite, experienced interruption from 10 seconds up to 15 minutes, according to early Hong Kong and Australian news reports. Some even said Chinese television was disrupted for eight days, which is not credible, given the technology. Press reports labeled this a case of "sophisticated hacking" and said this is a sign of a new level of attempts to circumvent government suppression. Regardless of who blasted the Sinosat satellite, it is hardly new, sophisticated or even hacking. The U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) faced a similar deed almost two decades ago and devised a simple regulatory response. A disgruntled college dropout with a technical bent and access to a satellite uplink transmitted the forever-famous "Captain Midnight" message from the Central Florida Teleport in April 1986. In what now seems strikingly naive, this part-time operations engineer struck a blow against pay TV, scrambling the HBO signal with a four and one- half minute message complaining about the $12.95 monthly charge. Interrupting a commercial satellite signal, however, is not an especially sophisticated issue. All it takes is a stronger signal on the right frequency and polarization. The technical chat room community noted, not long after the Chinese incident, all the Falun Gong would need is a 5-meter earth station anywhere in Asia that could see the Sinosat satellite. In any event, the Chinese incident was not really "hacking." Although it resembles a denial of service attack in the computer jargon and some call it "information warfare," it is not in the same league. Nevertheless, again from the chat room community: "There is nothing new here. This is an old 'strong signal override' trick. These aren't the hackers you're looking for. You can go about your business. Move along..." (Sep 5, 2002 via N. Grace for CRW via DXLD) FALUN GONG HIJACKS TV BROADCASTS By Christopher Bodeen, Associated Press, September 5, 2002 BEIJING (AP) - Members of the banned Falun Gong spiritual movement hijacked a television signal and broadcast protest videos to areas on the outskirts of Beijing last month, police and television station employees said Thursday. Falun Gong videos were briefly shown on the nights on Aug. 23 and 27 in Baoding, a city southwest of the Chinese capital, said a woman who answered the phone at a television station there. She wouldn't give her name or any details of the broadcasts. The programming was seen within at least a 60-mile radius, including the Fangshan district of Beijing, said a television station official in the nearby town of Xushui. He refused to give his name, saying employees had been ordered not to reveal the incident. There was no immediate explanation of how Falun Gong activists took over the television signal. Falun Gong supporters have broken into cable television systems in at least four cities this year to show videos protesting the government's 3-year-old crackdown on the group. In June, a state-run satellite television signal was hijacked and briefly displayed messages of support for the group. The communist government say the broadcasts are proof of what it says is Falun Gong's disruptive, anti-social nature. Yet they also show that determined members are defying the crackdown. A statement issued by activists abroad said the August broadcasts showed videos documenting support for the group outside China and condemning the crackdown and alleged police abuses. The group says Chinese authorities have killed hundreds of members in detention. A police officer reached by telephone in Fangshan said several Falun Gong followers suspected of arranging the broadcast have been arrested. He wouldn't give his name or other details. A man who answered the phone at a state company in Xushui said he saw a few seconds of images showing people standing in front of Falun Gong founder Li Hongzhi doing the group's slow-motion calisthenics. Traditional Chinese music played in the background. "Then the screen suddenly turned black and white," said the man, who wouldn't give his name. China's communist leaders banned Falun Gong in 1999, alarmed by its membership that numbered in the millions and its organizational ability. The government calls the group an "evil cult" and accuses it of leading followers to their death by suicide or refusing modern medicine. The government has put enormous effort into demonizing the group, especially abroad, where it boasts a large membership and some public support. Falun Gong promotes a mixture of eastern mysticism, meditation and traditional Chinese exercises, which is says promote health and clean living (AP Sep 5, 2002 via N. Grace, for CRW via DXLD) CHINESE FALUN GONG MEMBERS IN COURT FOR TV TRANSMISSION SABOTAGE | Text of report in English by official Chinese news agency Xinhua (New China News Agency) Changchun, 18 September: Fifteen Falun Gong cult follower stood trial in the Intermediate People's Court of Changchun city, the capital of northeastern Jilin province Wednesday [18 September] for sabotaging cable TV facilities earlier this year. According to local public security department, at about 7.00 p. m. on 5 March, residents in Changchun and Songyuan cities in the province found their normal cable TV programmes interrupted by a video broadcast about Falun Gong cult. Investigations showed that some Falun Gong devotees had hijacked the TV transmission lines and used self- made mini-broadcasting equipment to spread propaganda about the cult. Four urban districts in Changchun city were affected as two trunk cable TV transmission lines were cut off. In Songyuan city, 16,000 subscribers were affected as regular TV programmes suspended for 210 minutes. The cult's illegal actions severely disrupted the public order of society, according to the relevant Chinese laws and regulations. The Criminal Law of China stipulates that those breaching broadcasting and public telecom facilities and undermining public security can be sentenced to three to seven years of jail terms, while those who cause more severe damages can be sentenced to imprisonment for more than seven years. According to measures for dealing with cult crime cases released by the Chinese Supreme People's Court and Supreme People' s Procuratorate, cases of producing and publicizing cult propaganda which cause severe results can be dealt with according to Clause One under the Article 300 of the Criminal Law of China, and they would be accused of disrupting law enforcement through organizing and utilizing cults. A relevant leading official from the State Administration of Radio, Film and Television said that the radio and TV stations, and their launchers, antennas, cables and other TV and broadcasting equipment and facilities constitute important basic infrastructure of the country. Any kind of breach to these facilities will be penalized according to the law. China issued the relevant regulations on radio and TV administration in 1997 and regulations on protection of Radio and TV facilities in 2000. The rules stipulate that no organization or person be allowed to intrude and to damage the radio and TV equipment and facilities, to affect the broadcasting of programmes, or to use the cable TV transmission network to broadcast programmes for their own purpose. The damage of radio and TV transmission network facilities and disturbing of signals and frequencies are also defined as illegal according the rules. Source: Xinhua news agency, Beijing, in English 1210 gmt 18 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) CHINA SENTENCES FALUN GONG TV HIJACKERS TO PRISON | Text of report in English by official Chinese news agency Xinhua (New China News Agency) Changchun, 20 September: Fifteen Falun Gong cult followers were sentenced to prison terms ranging from four to 20 years by the Intermediate People's Court of Changchun City, capital of northeast China's Jilin Province, on Friday [20 September]. The Falun Gong cult followers were convicted of damaging radio and TV property, and of conspiring to use the cult to undermine Chinese law enforcement earlier this year. Source: Xinhua news agency, Beijing, in English 0632 gmt 20 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) CHINESE AGENCY INTERVIEWS FALUN GONG MEMBER ON TV HIJACKING A Chinese news agency has interviewed one of the 15 Falun Gong followers sentenced to prison for hacking into two cable television networks to broadcast their own material earlier this year. The 5 March broadcasts in the northeastern city of Changchun and nearby Songyuan criticized the authorities' crackdown on Falun Gong. The Chinese government banned Falun Gong in 1999 as an "evil cult". Following is text of the report by Jun Feng and Ya Ping: "Zhou Runjun, suspect in Changchun 'Falun Gong' '305' case confesses the 'Greater Law' above the law" from Chinese news agency Zhongguo Xinwen She (China News Service) Changchun [northeast Jilin Province], 19 September: Zhou Runjun, the suspect involved in the Changchun "305" [5 March] case shamelessly told the court of her crime on 18 September, but stopped short of admitting she had broken any law. She said, for the sake of "Greater Law" [Chinese: da fa; Falun Gong is also known as Falun Dafa], there is no law. "Greater Law" is above the law. When I interviewed Zhou Runjun, the prime suspect in the "305" case, whom the "insiders" dubbed as "Auntie Zhou", at the detention centre today, I was appalled at her plight. She said, cutting cable television circuits is not against the law, but cutting out the cables and selling them for money is. As long as it is for the spread of "Greater Law", it is not against the law. Like many other innocent people, Zhou Runjun, a worker aged 50 plus at the Changchun Fur Factory, crossed over the threshold to "Falun Gong" on the advice of others, because she has an illness that needs a cure. She began from exercising to reading books about "Falun Gong", and was converted from a non-believer to one who was obsessed. She is now completely full of fallacious ideas, which seem so perfectly correct to her. She told me mankind would one day become extinct. The only way to avoid extinction is to follow the Master, and go on to the next era. It is the Master who has given her this chance. She said, "The Master has turned down an invitation from the president [sic] of Canada to preach "Falun Gong" to all the people in Canada. The Master said he would wait until a certain time when he would be out to preach all mankind". I do not know where this woman, who does not have much of an education, has got all these preposterous ideas, but she told me time and again to write down what she had said. She said, "Leaders of all countries in the world support 'Falun Gong', except the leaders of China. They are afraid they will be upstaged by [founder] Li Hongzhi". She went on to say that she admitted everything she had done in court, but the law could not be compared with the universal "Greater Law". The governments also could not be compared with the universal "Greater Law". Zhou Runjun's thoughts have all been taken up by the universal "Greater Law". She said the universal "Greater Law" created all human lives. Maybe she does not even know there are so many different religions and so many legends about the origin of man in the world. Perhaps she has yet to realize her muddled beliefs have offended the faiths of other countries and other peoples. It is so sad to note that, as mankind has already entered a world of information, we still have someone like Zhou Runjun espousing such beliefs. But the people feeding these ideas to Zhou Runjun behind the scene may not be ignorant about this. But to Zhou Runjun, it may not be so clear. Perhaps one day, when Zhou Runjun has come to realize this, the "Greater Law" that is now possessing her will dissipate right away. Source: Zhongguo Xinwen She news agency, Beijing, in Chinese 19 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) FALUN GONG FOLLOWERS SENTENCED FOR TV HACKING IN CHINA China's official Xinhua new agency has reported on the trial of Falun Gong members for hacking into two cable television networks and broadcasting their own material. Fifteen followers of the banned Falun Gong spiritual movement were sentenced to prison terms of up to 20 years for "sabotaging television broadcast facilities, and for forming and making use of a heretical society to obstruct law enforcement". In March, state-run broadcasts disappeared from thousands of television screens in Changchun, in north-eastern China, and were replaced for several hours by programmes espousing the virtues of Falun Gong. Following is text of the report by Niu Jiwei and Li Yabiu: "Defendants in the Changchun case found guilty and sentenced" from official Chinese news agency Xinhua (New China News Agency) Changchun, 20 September: The Intermediate People's Court of Changchun Municipality, Jilin Province, began the initial trial today in the case concerning television broadcast facilities in Changchun and Songyuan municipalities being sabotaged on 5 March this year, and of the obstruction of law enforcement by a heretical society. The 15 defendants, including Zhou Runjun, Liu Weiming, Liang Zhenxing and Liu Chengjun, were sentenced to four to 20 years of imprisonment respectively. The Changchun Municipal People's Procuratorate brought charges in the Changchun Municipal Intermediate People's Court on 6 September against four of the defendants, Zhou Runjun, Liu Chengjun, Liang Zhenxing and Liu Weiming, for sabotaging television broadcast facilities, and for forming and making use of a heretical society to obstruct law enforcement. Charges were also brought against 11 of the defendants, Lei Ming, Zhao Jian, Yun Xingbin, Zhang Wen, Sun Changjun, Li Dehai, Liu Dong, Zhuang Xiankun, Wei Xiushan, Chen Yanmei and Lie Xiaojie, for sabotaging television broadcast facilities, and for making use of a heretical society to obstruct law enforcement. The Changchun Municipal Intermediate People's Court, as required by law, formed a collegiate panel and started a public trial on 18 September of the accused on a public prosecution brought by the Procuratorate. The court has found Zhou Runjun, Liu Weiming, Liang Zhenxing, Liu Chengjun and the 11 other defendants, had premeditatedly acquired tools and cable television broadcast interruption equipment and, after coming up with a plan to carry out the crime, sabotaged the main transmission circuit of the cable television network sometime after 1900 hours [local time] on 5 March, 2002, and pre-empted an on-going broadcast with the propaganda of the "Falun Gong" evil cult contained on a compact disc. As a result, a part of the cable television network in Changchun and Songyuan municipalities was interrupted for several hours, preventing television audiences in the two cities from watching normal programmes. Their action of making use of a heretical society to obstruct law enforcement constituted a crime, and their sabotage of television broadcast facilities also constituted a crime. The 15 defendants raised no objections to actions taken by the court, which were supported by a large amount of evidence, such as objects collected, on-site written investigation notes, conclusive verifications and witness statements. The court noted that the 15 defendants had previously been given administrative punishments for their involvement in "Falun Gong" cult activities, and despite re-education, they remained unrepentant, and continued to carry out criminal activities organized by the heretical "Falun Gong" cult. The conduct of the defendants has put public security in jeopardy, upset social order and infringed on the legitimate interests of the public at large. The consequence of their action is serious, and the damage done to the society tremendous. They deserved to be punished by law. According to the "Criminal Law of the People's Republic of China", to the provisions set out in "Explanation (2) on Certain Questions Regarding the Laws Applicable to Cases Involving the Forming and Making Use of a Heretical Society to Commit Crime as Laid Down by the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate", and to the roles played by each of the defendants in the crime, the defendants were found guilty by the court of sabotaging television broadcast facilities as well as making use of a heretical society to obstruct law enforcement. With charges lumped together, Zhou Runjun and Liu Weiming were each sentenced to 20 years in prison and deprived of political rights for five years. Liang Zhenxing and Liu Chengjun were each sentenced to 19 years in prison and deprived of political rights for five years. Zhang Wen was sentenced to 18 years in prison and deprived of political rights for four years. Lei Ming was sentenced to 17 years in prison and deprived of political rights for five years. Sun Changjun and Li Dehai were each sentenced to 17 years in prison and deprived of political rights for four years. Zhao Jian was sentenced to 15 years in prison and deprived of political rights for five years. Yun Xingbin was sentenced to 14 years in prison and deprived of political rights for four years. Liu Dong was sentenced to 14 years in prison and deprived of political rights for three years. Wei Xiushan was sentenced to 12 years in prison and deprived of political rights for three years. Zhuang Xiankun was sentenced to 11 years in prison and deprived of political rights for three years. Chen Yanmei was sentenced to 11 years in prison and deprived of political rights for three years. Li Xiaojie was sentenced to four years in prison. The court or the families of the defendants had appointed or hired lawyers to represent the defendants, and the defendants had also spoken in their defence during the trial. Over 300 people from all walks of life in Changchun Municipality attended the public trial and sentencing. Source: Xinhua news agency domestic service, Beijing, in Chinese 1040 gmt 20 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) CHINESE AGENCY DISCLOSES DETAILS OF FALUN GONG TV HACKING A Chinese news agency has carried an in-depth report on a TV hacking incident earlier this year when Falun Gong followers commandeered cable TV networks and broadcast their own material. On 5 March, Falun Gong members aired pro-Falun Gong messages to cable TV viewers in the northeastern cities of Changchun and Songyuan. Following is text of the report by Chinese news agency Zhongguo Xinwen She (China News Service) Changchun, 19 September: At 1919 [local time] on 5 March 2002, cable television signals were interrupted suddenly in some areas of Changchun City, Jilin Province, when the television began to play the so-called Falun Gong "truth" for almost 40 minutes. According to police estimates, more than 10,000 residents of four districts in Changchun could not receive the regular cable television programming during that time, and some users even received the heretical propaganda of Falun Gong. The police of Changchun formed a special investigation group for the "5 March" case immediately after they received reports from residents. They arrested the suspect Lei Ming in the act and later captured other 14 suspects, including Liang Zhenxing, Zhou Runjun and Zhao Jian. After investigation, the police made clear the plotting, organization and implementation of the case. According to the confession of Zhou Runjun, he and Liang Zhenxing got the idea of using cable television networks for Falun Gong propaganda after they read the commands and technical guidance from the web site "Minghui" [Falun Gong web site, http://www.minghui.org/]. Then Zhou found other Falun Gong followers Liu Mingwei, Zhang Wen, Liu Chengjun and Zhao Jian who were familiar with cable television techniques. They established a secret office in Room 506 of Teacher's Building No 6 in Songjia, Kuancheng District of Changchun City for plotting how to conduct the crime. Later on, the office had between 11 or 12 additional Falun Gong followers. The suspects of the "5 March" case got technical training four times in the secret office. The technical training was mainly on how to cut cables of the television network and install VCD [video compact disc] transmitting equipment. Liu Mingwei and Zhang Wen were responsible for teaching the techniques and the trainees practised as they received the training. Through the training Lei Ming and other Falun Gong members mastered the techniques of cutting cables and installing VCD transmitting equipment. Before they conducted the crime, Liu Weiming brought a sample divider to his fellows. Then, financed by Liang Zhenxing, Zhou Runjun bought other 30 dividers from the Huanghe Electronics Store and Liang bought several sets of VCD transmitting equipment. Zhang Wen brought a shoe clamp for pole climbing. Now they had enough equipment prepared for the crime. On the dawn of 5 March, Lei Ming and Zhang Wen came to the place they selected before and peeled off the outer aluminium covering of the major television cable with their tools. Then they came back to their secret office. On the same morning, they tried and adjusted their self-made transmitting system once more. At about 1900 that evening, according to their work division and previous site investigation, Lei Ming, Zhang Wen, Zhao Jian and other four people formed a group. They brought a transmitting system and other tools with them to No 2 Jingyue Alley, north of the Liangcheng supermarket in 117 Changchun Dajie of Nanguan District of Changchun City. They cut off the major television cable and installed their transmitting equipment with Falun Gong CDs. At the same time, another group including Zhou Runjun and Liu Weiming came to the roof of a house between the south wall of the Jilin Provincial National Tax Bureau and the living quarters for workers of the Jilin Hotel in Qingming Street of Nanguan District of Changchun City. They also cut off the major television cable, installed their transmitting equipment with the Falun Gong CDs and played them. According to the confession of Lei Ming, Zhang Wen put on the shoe clamps and protective gloves for pole climbing at this time and climbed up the pole. Lei Ming handed him the tools, and he cut off the cable and installed their equipment. The whole cutting and installation process took about 20 minutes. In that period, Zhao Jian and other members of the group were on the lookout for Zhang Wen and Lei Ming. Lei Ming was caught in the act by the police and television maintenance staff, while the other members of the group fled to their secret office. According to the police, at about 1800 on the same evening, Liu Chengjun and other three suspects came to a building of the previous County Kindergarten and another building of the County Forestry Bureau of the Guoerluosi Mongolian Autonomous County in Songyuan City of Jilin Province with their equipment and tools. They also cut off the major television cable, installed their transmitting equipment complete with the Falun Gong CDs and played the CDs. They disrupted the regular cable television programme of the county for 210 minutes. Source: Zhongguo Xinwen She news agency, Beijing, in Chinese 18 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) FALUN GONG MEMBERS SENTENCED FOR BROADCASTING OF PROTEST FILMS By Philip P. Pan, The Washington Post, September 21, 2002 BEIJING — Fifteen members of the outlawed Falun Gong spiritual movement were sentenced Friday to up to 20 years in prison for cutting into cable TV networks in northeastern China and transmitting films protesting the government's crackdown on the group. The sentences, announced on state television and by the official New China News Agency, are among the stiffest meted out to Falun Gong practitioners in the three years since the government banned the organization as an "evil cult" and are comparable to the longest sentences given to political dissidents in China. The sentences' severity appeared to reflect the ruling Communist Party's concern about an ongoing Falun Gong campaign that has challenged the government's control of media by hijacking television signals and broadcasting videos accusing authorities of torturing and killing hundreds of practitioners. State media said the defendants convicted Friday were responsible for hacking into cable systems on March 5 in Changchun, about 560 miles northeast of Beijing, and nearby Songyuan — the first time Falun Gong has done this, as far as is known. Since then, Falun Gong has interrupted TV programs in several other cities, and it managed to hack into a state satellite system in June and briefly beam its message to millions. Falun Gong supporters have also risked arrest by bombarding residents with fliers, videodiscs and automated phone calls that play recordings attacking the government (via Mike Terry, DXLD) ** CHINA [non]. RUSSIA(non): B-02 schedule for Fang Guang Ming Radio in Mandarin Chinese: 2100-2200 6035 SAM 200 kW / 297 deg 9945 SAM 200 kW / 297 deg [Samara] (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 20, via DXLD; note: all Observer items in this issue concern advance info for B-02 season starting Oct. 27) ** CONGO DR. 9550, R. Okapi, Logo QSL-card (Date and Frequency indicated) from Fondation Hirondelle in Switzerland. Card had the Logo of the organization on the front, with details of the station on the reverse. Reply in 115 days. Also my US $1.oo was returned! (Ed Kusalik, Alberta, Sept 20, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** CUBA. Hola Glenn, espero que estés muy bien. Acá te envío otro reporte. El pasado 21/09, luego del fin de la emisión en inglés de Radio Habana Cuba e inmediatamente después del himno nacional, pudo ser captada la estación Radio Reloj, a partir de las 0652 UT. El monitoreo se extendió hasta las 0748 (cuando salió abruptamente del aire). Fue en los 9550 kHz, con un SINPO de 43443. Con noticias e información acerca de los vuelos de Cubana de Aviación a las 0723. Al parecer, los locutores de guardia (Alexander Niepa y Jorge García Suárez), trabajaban con un sólo micrófono, debido al costante golpeteo de fondo entre los turnos de cada narrador (desde Catia La Mar, VENEZUELA, Adán González, Sept 21, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** CYPRUS. In a recent edition of DXLD you mentioned the frequency change for Radio Sawa from Cape Greco from 981 to 990 kHz. Ken Fletcher suggested that this change could cause problems to listeners in West Wales trying to listen to Radio 5 Live via the Tywyn transmitter on that frequency. Mr Fletcher ought to know that his suggestion is very mischievous one, given that there isn't a cat in hell's chance of any MW signal from Cyprus - no matter what power - coming anywhere near the UK. For instance, the last time I heard BBC Zygi on 1323 kHz was all of 25 years ago. I should think that Radio Devon is more likely than Radio Sawa to cause trouble for Radio 5 Live, or there are some other stations in Western Europe - but certain not Cyprus! (PAUL DAVID, UK, September 20, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Concerning the SAWA transmissions from Cyprus on 981 or 990, I have checked nearly every night LT if the station transmits. I have found no program with Arabic and western music. I have found yesterday 20 at 2300 a station from Spain under ERAsport Athens (Zacharias Liangas, Thessaloniki, Greece, Sept 21, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Or could be you are in a null from them? (gh, DXLD) {yes: see 2-149} Zacharias Liangas` message on audibility of R SAWA on 981- and 990 kHz. I`ve not been able to hear this station either of these frequencies after several attempts. On 990 kHz dominating station is DEUTSCHLANDRADIO in parallel with 6005 kHz. Easiest way to hear R SAWA is to try i.e. 11670 kHz around 05 UTC. 73´s (Jouko Huuskonen and Matti Ponkamo Turku/Naantali FINLAND, hard-core-dx via DXLD) R. Sawa HAS been heard here in Eastern Finland every evening this week with normal signal on 981 kHz. Now at 1630 the signal is very good. But note that it carries separate programming stream than 1548 kHz. 73, (Mauno Ritola, Finland, hard-core-dx via DXLD) ** EL SALVADOR? 17833.25, 1857...2305+, 20-Sep; het but no audio; too much QRM from BBC in English on 17830 via Ascension till they went off at 2059:30, but still no detectable audio. 2155, QRM is Radio Canada via Japan s/on 17835 in French and continued in Chinese at 2300. First sign of audio at 2250 with music, but very buried. Presume Radio Imperial reported on this frequency recently (Harold Frodge, MI, Cumbre DX via DXLD) Hello all, additionally to the fine info on Radio Imperial, 17833v, on http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldtb02.html and http://www.worldofradio.com/dxld2147.txt I just found http://www.gospelcom.net/lpea/spanish/radio/elsalvador.html which indicates also that this is a normal shortwave transmission rather than a harmonic. 73, (Willi Passmann http://www.radio-portal.org _/_/ The Radio Search Engine Cumbredx mailing list via DXLD) The same Luis Palau site was referenced here months ago in the previous surge of interest in this outlet. Note that 17835 is also shown for YSKO in San Miguel (gh, DXLD) ** FINLAND. The station at Preiviiki [near Poro] at present uses all its capacity for Radio Finland, but when the external broadcasts are reduced, the French TDF may buy more than the 49% of the shares it owns today, and then leasing of airtime to other broadcasters is likely (Anker Petersen, DSWCI report on EDXC Conference in August via DXLD) Previous reports implied but did not state explicitly that the weekly Capital Weekend English hour has been cancelled already; yes, nothing audible at 0007 UT Sunday Sept 22 check on 13730, 11990 (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST) I've put online some scanned pics made at the European DX Conference in Pori. Find them at: http://members.v3space.com/estrella/fin2002/indexen.htm or http://dxsignal.by.ru/fin2002/indexen.htm (Or, alternatively, come to http://listen.to/dxsignal, click on English flag, then select DX Library and Finland 2002) 73 & good DX, (Dmitry Mezin, Russia, Cumbredx mailing list via DXLD) ** FRANCE. Another possible TIS station, on 25775 AM, heard from 1200 past 1900 UT, first on Sept 19, stronger than last year`s La Rochelle outlets on 11m. Has a 51-52 minute loop, half in French, half in English (Alan Roberts, QC, 1918 UT Sept 20, DX LISTENING DIGEST) 25775.1, FRANCE UNID (possibly Comité Department du Tourisme de la Charente-Maritime), 1850-2110 Sep 14 and again 2010-2035 Sept 15, noted with French language features and pop songs followed by English segments. No IDs noted but English features were called Weekend Adventures and include discussion about Normandy, interview with author Tiffany Capote about her book "Regards to Indochina," feature about an image technology park in France and music by Rolling Stones, The Who and Led Zeppelin before returning to French program. The host was a guy named Eric with some narration help from a Peggy Thompson. Poor to fair reception with some very deep fades. Also, noted again at 2105 Sep 16 and 1430 Sep 21 with Rolling Stones "Brown Sugar" but with a much weaker signal (Richard D`Angelo, PA, NASWA Flashsheet via DXLD) ** GREECE. Effective 21 Sep, Voice of Greece will use 5865 (instead of 12105) for its broadcast at 1900-2100 (via Fyodor Brazhnikov, Irkutsk, Russia, Signal via DXLD) ** GREECE [non]. Glenn, Regarding DX LISTENING DIGEST 2-145, you might want to know, that after this weekend's games, the Greek soccer league games will take a break for about a month. They will resume on October 26. That way you don't have to worry about your favorite program being pre-empted by a ballgame. Unlike you, I enjoy listening to the soccer games, however what I don't understand is the break in the transmission from Delano between 1500-1600 UT. This break usually happens in the middle of the game, and when the transmission resumes at 1600, the game I was listening to is usually over (Chris Rigas, IL, Sept 20, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** GUATEMALA. 4845, R. K`ekchí, 1036 21 Sept, Very strong signal now but audio a little distorted. Caught canned FM promo in echo by man as "Aquí estéreo 92, su progreso FM FM". Finally live male at 1039 in K`ekchí followed by usual full canned ID, and contuined with live M again (Dave Valko, Dunlo, PA, USA, Cumbredx mailing list via DXLD) ** INTERNATIONAL WATERS [and non]. IT'S ALL EYES ON ISIDORE FOR HURRICANE WATCH NET, W4EHW NEWINGTON, CT, Sep 20, 2002 -- With Isidore now upgraded to a category 2 hurricane, members of the Hurricane Watch Net are continuing to keep their eyes on the storm, which is closing in on Western Cuba. A Tropical Storm Watch for the lower Florida Keys has been discontinued, however. According to the HWN, tropical storm warnings and hurricane watches now have been posted for portions of Mexico's Yucatán Peninsula -- including the island of Cozumel. "All interests in and along the Yucatán Peninsula and Gulf Coast Areas should pay close attention as Isidore moves into the warm Gulf of Mexico by Saturday," an announcement on the Net's Web site warned. The HWN activated on 14.325 MHz September 19 for the first time this hurricane season, while Isidore was still a tropical storm. The storm has continued to gain strength, however, and now packs winds of 100 MPH, with higher gusts. As of 1800 UT September 20, the National Hurricane Center was predicting that Isidore was about to make landfall over Western Cuba. A hurricane warning remained in effect for several provinces. Well-known Cuban amateur and International Amateur Radio Union Region 2 Area C Emergency Coordinator Arnie Coro, CO2KK, said it appeared that the main impact of the storm was poised to strike the Isle of Youth (Isla de la Juventud) and the western part of Pinar del Rio Province. "We request that 7040 kHz, 3740 kHz and 7125 kHz be protected if all at possible," Coro said, adding that there were excellent relay stations at several locations. He said amateur operators were deployed at CO9BNA at the Cuban weather service, Instituto de Meteorología. Isidore was moving at about 8 MPH to the west-northwest. Heavy rainfall of up to 30 inches and damaging surf conditions were forecast for the storm's path. Official advisories are available on the NHC Web site. Assistant Amateur Radio Coordinator Julio Ripoll, WD4JR, at W4EHW at the National Hurricane Center, reported that W4EHW also commenced operations on September 19. W4EHW has HF stations on both 20 and 40 meters. W4EHW is collecting reports via APRS, e-mail and its on-line Hurricane Reporting Form. The Hurricane Watch Net and W4EHW at the National Hurricane Center work hand-in-hand to gather and disseminate real-time, ground-level weather data and damage reports from Amateur Radio operators to assist forecasters. The HWN also functions as a backup communication link for the NHC, emergency operating centers and the National Weather Service (ARRL via Mike Terry, DXLD) ** ITALY. World of Radio on Studio X --- time change: see top ** KAZAKHSTAN [non]. "You are listening to Radio Dat -- Free Radio for Free Citizens of Kazakhstan!" Since 8 August, people in Kazakhstan can tune in to Radio Dat in Kazakh and Russian languages. (In Kazakh, "Dat" can be translated as, "I demand a say," and was used by Kazakh nomads when they wanted to be given the floor during public discussions.) While it is not clear which country serves as the home base for the new station, it is clear that the number of such underground media outlets may grow -- particularly if Kazakhstan's hot summer is followed by a hot autumn and a hot winter (Merhat Sharipzhan, reporter for RFE/RL's Kazakh Service, [concluding a much longer article] RFE/RL Media Matters Sept 20 via DXLD) ** KOREA NORTH [non]. CLANDESTINE: 6348 Echo of Hope, via KBS, Korean Broadcasting System, #18, Yoido-dong, Youngdungpo-gu, Seul 150-790, South Korea. QSL card from KBS full data in 77 days. Sent KBS magazines (Arnaldo Slaen, Argentine, Cumbre DX via DXLD) So KBS openly acknowledge they are responsible for this station? Or `automatic` response like UMC for the wrong R. Africa International? see AUSTRIA (gh, DXLD) ** KOREA SOUTH. Original report said Han Hee Joo was becoming Executive Director of RKI, but when I finally was able to listen to her final Multiwave Feedback show ondemand --- it took them over a week to put it up --- she said `Assistant Director` (Glenn Hauser, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** LATVIA. Laser / Caroline: see UK [and non] ** NEW ZEALAND. Allen Little from ZLXA advises their web-site has been revamped. It looks very good too! Photos of the aerial and studios etc. Some pages are not yet completed and I'm sure the photo gallery will be interesting too... maybe some snaps of DXers tuning in ZLXA from the other side of the world will appear! http://www.radioreading.org (Paul Ormandy, NZ, Sept 22, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** NIGERIA [non]. GERMANY - 5905 V. of New Nigeria via Juelich. PFC, nice letter, sked, and photo of Julich facility in 135 days for followup on a 1997 logging. V/S Walter Brodowsky, Account Manager (John Wilkins, Colorado. Drake R-8, 100-foot random wire, Cumbre DX Sept 20 via DXLD) Service is long gone now (gh, DXLD) ** PAPUA NEW GUINEA. 3275, R. Southern Highlands, 1043-1107 21 Sept, Long talk by M at tunein with mention of province, talk. Nice island music at 1050. Live native vocals at 1053. 1056 different male with mention of "goodnight", then another M announcer in vernacular, 1003 live M announcer with mentions of Southern Highlands, talk talk, then long English PSA for a provincial educational conference held several nights next week. Slightly distorted during talk at tunein, better audio later. Fair with slight local noise. Picked up towards local sunrise at 1101. 3235, R. West New Britain, 1110-1128 21 Sept, Saturday evening countdown program with male announcer host. 1116 gave a live PSA thanking the informer several times in English. Different M announcer then, followed by fast Punk-like song. Male announcer again w/"good evening", song announcement, mention of Saturday night, listener acknowledgment, long list of PSAs. Fairly decent signal but faded quickly after 1120, plus the local noise became too great. No Manus this morning. 73's (Dave Valko, Dunlo, PA, USA, Cumbredx mailing list via DXLD) ** PERU. 3172.78, 1000 prompt sign on but still in the mud at 1020, best with the 10 meter ground wire antenna 20 Sept. R75, Drake R7, NRD 535D modified, Sony 2010 (Bob Wilkner, Margate, Florida, DX LISTENING DIGEST) See previous for presumed ID ** PERU. 4995.60, R. Andina, 1023-1032 21 Sept, very long ad and promo block from tunein. One at 1029 mentioned about 20 OA towns and the next at 1031 included IDs and mention of "la voz de esperanza". Still going with announcements when I left at 1034. Nice signal this morning with a little QRM from WWV bleedover (Dave Valko, Dunlo, PA, Cumbredx mailing list via DXLD) ** PERU. RADIO SAN ANTONIO AM-FM, ATALAYA, TARGETS FAR-FLUNG RURALS Submitted by Señor Rafael Rodríguez of Bogotá, Colombia Atalaya, Perú (special) -- Radio San Antonio AM-FM— ``Volunteer radio at the service of education and cultural exchange among peoples.`` Radio San Antonio belongs to the Parish of Atalaya. A radio station at the service of education, it is formative and spreads the Christian faith; its programming is varied and complete: there are programs of news, health, education, the environment, and national and international music. ``The FM transmitter is of ESSE CI manufacture with 130 watts of power, operating on 95.5 MHz, from a tower 31 meters high. For shortwave, we depend upon an Omnitronic transmitter of American manufacture with 1,000 watts of power and operating on 4940 kHz, in the 60-meter band. The antenna is an inverted V with an elevation of 15 meters. Radio San Antonio AM-FM is kept solvent by donations and volunteer help. The transmitters, equipment, and accessories are donations from individual people and institutions, both Peruvian and foreign. ``The shortwave is directed with the distant, rural listener of Atalaya province in mind; it is in rural areas that one finds the greater part of the population lives, but where the educational efforts of the Government and the Church do not reach because of lack of means, roads, and the enormous distances between one town and the next.`` Database: RADIO SAN ANTONIO AM-FM: OBW8U 95.5 Mhz FM, OAW5A 4940 Khz shortwave. Señor Juan López Encinas, director. Calle Iquitos 499, Villa Atalaya, Ucayali, Perú. Tel. + 51 64 461240 E-mail: rasat@terra.com.pe (Sept 23 Catholic Radio Update, Sept 21 via DXLD) ** POLAND [non]. Dear Glenn --- Tried to get a good ID from R. Maryja, but the best reception (5x5) is at sign on, on 15455, but the last two mornings they only had an ID in Polish...but I'll keep on trying a few more days...anyway, here's the 12010 ID at 15 UT. 73, (Erik Køie, Denmark, Sept 21, DX LISTENING DIGEST) [recording was enclosed] ** RUSSIA. What transmitter carries the signal of Voice of Russia's Sodruzhestvo service in Russian on 9735 kHz? Time is 1300-1500. Some electronic sources distribute VoR official schedule, but surprisingly it does not contain Sodruzhestvo program before 1400 at all. 9735 kHz is not reflected in schedule either. Frequency is apparently in use since 5th September. The signal is very strong in Astrakhan. But it's unfortunately co-channeled with TWR Russian broadcast (Vasily Gulyaev, Astrakhan, Russia) You may open the handbook "Broadcasting in Russian" (electronic version is available at http://www.radio.hobby.ru/download.html and read on page 37: 1300-1400 9735 250 Samara 140/CAsia Obviously the next hour (1400-1500) is from the same site? (Konstantin Gusev, Moscow, Russia, Signal Sept 21 via DXLD) ** RUSSIA. According to Russian online sources, digital tests (DRM) are being conducted via a transmitter in Moscow on 1134 kHz since 11 September, with Radio Mayak as programme feed. This transmitter is listed with 20 kW at Kurkino and is scheduled to carry a relay of Radio TEOS from St. Peterburg during the evening hours (Bernd Trutenau, Lithuania, Sept 19, MWDX via DXLD) ** RUSSIA. (Eur.) 11945 Radio Space Moscow via Balashikha. I sent a follow-up for my report of March 1992 (to their address in Moscow) after seeing a reply posted by Jerry Berg. After a response of 117 days, received a full data Radio Space Staff Card with site, it was signed by Andrey Nekrasov. What was different was it was mailed from a US address! The return address was Andrey Nekrasov, 8678 Bay Parkway, Apt. B7, Brooklyn N.Y. 11214 USA (Ed Kusalik, Alberta, Sept 20, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ?? What was this? I don`t recall such a `station` (gh, DXLD) ** SIERRA LEONE. MEDIA BODY CURBS PRESS FREEDOM -- Reporters sans Frontières (Paris) September 13, 2002 Posted to the web September 16, 2002 ...At the end of August, the IMC refused an operating licence to West Africa Democracy Radio (WADR) for reasons of "national security" and "public safety." The station wanted to broadcast on short-wave nationwide and in other countries of the Mano River Union (Liberia and Guinea). The IMC said Sierra Leone had been destabilised in the past by groups based in these two countries. http://allafrica.com/stories/200209160700.html (via Jill Dybka, TN, NASWA Flashsheet Sept 21 via DXLD) ** U K. BBC ENGLISH: NOT TO EDUCATE, BUT TO REFLECT Ginko Kobayashi, Special to The Daily Yomiuri There is a movement away from Received Pronunciation, which has acted as the standard for spoken English in Britain for many years. This is the first of a two-part series on changes in the standard of English. LONDON --- Smooth, serious and respected, BBC news has held a special place in people's hearts since the world's largest noncommercial broadcaster was established in the 1920s. Though highly praised as the purveyor of the best spoken English and viewed as a world standard, BBC English--based on Received Pronunciation (RP), the English spoken by the upper and upper-middle classes in Britain--has at times been accused of being too square or snobbish. How has this standard been kept intact, and what, if any, changes have occurred over the years? To find out, I visited the BBC Television Centre in London to meet Peter Donaldson, chief announcer at BBC Radio Four.... http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/newse/20020917wob2.htm (via Jill Dybka, NASWA Flashsheet Sept 21 via DXLD) ** U K. BBC OFFERS STAFF JOB SWITCH FOR A DAY London, Sep 19. The 25,000 employees at the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) are being invited by their boss to switch to another job for 24 hours in a bid to boost morale. http://news.sify.com/cgi-bin/sifynews/news/content/news_fullstory_v2.jsp?article_oid=11944315&page_no=1 (via Jill Dybka, NASWA Flashsheet Sept 21 via DXLD) ** U K [and non]. "LOOMING LASER LIGHTENS LETHARGIC LEGACY" The latest news from Caroline Central http://www.carolinecentral.com Silent since its July tests from Latvia using 5935 kHz short-wave, LaserRadio.net has started to hint at its future plans. These seem to include a multi-platform approach to delivering programming, which will include shortwave, the internet and Sky Digital. Commenting on the non-stop music tests from LaserRadio.Net during July, spokesman Dave Graham told Caroline Central, "Our primary target is the UK. We need to get an acceptable signal back into the UK. Today's radio listeners will not tolerate the type of fading and interference that was the everyday norm when listening to Radio Luxembourg. Unfortunately, the signal from Latvia was similar. It will be our intention to use such transmitters in the future as part of our multi-platform approach, but our core platform will have to be something far more acceptable." Pressed to explain this further, Graham added, "The only 'free' platform in the UK is Sky Digital, but that won't be enough on its own. We are looking at a 24-7 Sky Digital service, integrated with a fascinating internet based back-up service, and specialist programming also using AM or short-wave as we see the need." Asked about WorldSpace, he pointed out that the UK was the target of the LaserRadio.net broadcasts. "We are about breaking down barriers throughout Europe and the World, but right now the UK audience are starved of 'free radio'. They are all too quickly forgotten. We need to get to them first as a matter of urgency." Discussing the programming, Graham explained that a lot was being kept 'under wraps', but "We will be the ultimate anoraks' station. We aim to bring that famous Laser fever pitch back to radio, and to move ordinary members of the public to become anoraks again!" Further announcements about LaserRadio.Net can be expected towards the end of October. http://www.carolinecentral.com/news/39.html Want to comment on this story? Talk about it on The Caroline Community by hitting 'Respond' or e-mailing caroline@carolinecentral.com News you wish to share? E-mail it to newsdesk@carolinecentral.com. (via Mike Terry, Sept 21, DXLD) ** U S A. VOA CHIEF RESIGNS UNDER PRESSURE By Eli J. Lake, UPI State Department Correspondent From the International Desk Published 8/29/2002 6:40 PM WASHINGTON, Aug. 29 (UPI) -- The director of the Voice of America resigned Thursday under pressure from the Broadcasting Board of Governors over his tenure as chief of the U.S. government's largest foreign broadcast service. "Basically this guy had zero credibility (with the board)," one source familiar with the dynamics between Reilly and the governors -- who oversee the Voice of America as well as Radio Free Europe, Radio Free Asia, Radio Sawa and Radio Marti -- told United Press International. In a statement released to the press, Robert Reilly said he had left to "seek opportunities in which I can more directly employ my talents in helping support the president and this administration in the war against international terrorism." Reilly was named director of VOA shortly after Sept. 11 and was quickly faced with balancing pressures from Congress and the White House to remake America's image abroad while contending with a news department dwarfed by recent budget cuts. "He wanted to be all things to all people," said the source, "he wanted to be loved by the staff, loved by the board and loved by the unions. He wound up being loved by none of them." Indeed, in July the Broadcasting Board of Governors ordered Reilly to find money for a new 24 hour Farsi service to be broadcast into Iran. To meet the budget needs, Reilly opted to close VOA news offices in Brussels, Geneva, Hong Kong, Mexico City and Tokyo. His announcement to the news staff earlier this month was met largely with contempt, according to one VOA reporter who asked not to be identified. Reilly will be replaced by David Jackson, a former correspondent for Time Magazine and editor in chief of DefendAmerica.gov, the Defense Department's Web site for the war on terrorism. "The board is delighted to have a journalist of Jackson's experience to lead VOA in a period when it must play an important role in presenting the truth about what is happening in the world," Kenneth Tomlinson, the BBG's newly confirmed chairman, said in a statement Thursday. "I'm very excited about this opportunity to join such a respected organization, and I'm looking forward to working with my fellow journalists to carry on and enhance VOA's worldwide reputation," Jackson said. Reilly said he would remain with VOA for a period of time to help Jackson during the transition. VOA broadcasts news worldwide in English and 52 other languages. Copyright © 2002 United Press International (via Jill Dybka, NASWA Flashsheet Sept 21 via DXLD) ** U S A. Voice of America is beginning to refer to itself as "Voz de América" in its Latin America broadcasts, rather than "Voz de Los Estados Unidos, [de América]" as during the past 45-50 years! To mere mortals, that may mean little, but it's a tremendous change for anyone who has know VOA for decades. It had very frequently been referring to itself as "Voa [Boa, like the snake]" for years, as have its listeners (Charlie Taylor, Delano, Sept 19, IRCA via DXLD) About time; yes, we know the Latins are just as much Americans as we are, but they should accept our calling the station by its proper name without taking offense (gh, DXLD) ** U S A. Hi, I'm back to listening after a hiatus and would like to listen to Music Time in Africa but don't know when or where. If anyone can help I'd appreciate it. Thanks - (Jim, ODXA via DXLD) VOA at 1730 and 1930 UT Sun. Try 17895, 15580. 15455, 15410 (John Figliozzi, swprograms via DXLD) I was trying to confirm that, wasted several minutes hunting thru VOA websites for a simple program schedule, gave up and complained to Kim. Last I noticed 15580 wasn`t on before 1800. Excellent show. I did find that it`s available ondemand among many others (gh, DXLD) ** U S A. Spectrum returned two weeks ago (0300 UT Sundays on 5070). It`s via phone line. Latest woes: they lost the building where studio was in NJ. Also, there was a break-in before they could vacate and a lot of gear stolen. They`re running it out of a living room. Over the years, what was once a good show has become a comedy. I sent my remarks last month. They were off 2 or 3 weeks. Omega is in limbo. Over the years they`ve lost Hal Turner and The Right Perspective. Limping by now (Bob Thomas, CT, Sept 16, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A. 7489.95, WJIE, Upton KY; 2302-2313+, 20-Sep; Lengthy ID 2311 then Grace Fellowship religious program. All in EE. SIO=544/strong signal but audio broken up (Harold Frodge, MI, Cumbre DX via DXLD) Yes, I noticed they were back around 1700 UT Sept 20 after a week off. Further spot checks UT Sept 21: after 0500 strong open carrier; 1200 mixing with DVR, no WOR on Sat; after 1300 missing; before 1400 back (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A. WRNO Worldwide on 7354.9v at 0100 with off the wall religious talk on 9/11, America and God. Strong signal but distorted with very poor modulation. Tough copy and almost unlistenable on the R75/SE-3, but the Palstar/SE-3 provided listenable audio. Not earth shattering DX by any means, but this is the first time I've noticed them in quite a while. 73, (Brandon Jordan - Memphis TN, Sept 20, Cumbre DX via DXLD) N.B., WDX6AA ** U S A. WMLK, 9465, Sept. 2 *1502-1530+, usual English preaching about Yahweh. Very, very weak. Barely audible. Carrier fairly strong but just very low modulation. Gone at 1740 check. Never heard this weak before. Mon-Fri only (Brian Alexander, Mechanicsburg PA, groundwave range?, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A. I finally received a reply September 19 from WWRB - via email. It was in response to my latest follow-up report on September 16. Here it is: "This is to confirm the reception report of WWRB. Sorry for the delay in the QSL response; we are still under the construction of station WWRB and all efforts are diverted to this since the FCC only gives a certain amount of allotted time." (Monte B. Carroll, WC4MBC, Nashville, Tennessee USA, rec.radio.shortwave via Hans Johnson, Cumbre DX via DXLD) No data? How is this worth anything? (gh, DXLD) ** U S A. STATE MILITIA ON DECLINE AFTER LEADER IMPRISONED http://www.courier-journal.com/localnews/2002/09/08/ke090802s272373.htm (via Jill Dybka, NASWA Flashsheet Sept 21 via DXLD) Viz.: Outfit tries to regroup, but few are interested By Joseph Gerth, The Courier-Journal LEXINGTON, Ky. -- The militia movement in Kentucky, once a stronghold of paramilitary activity in the United States, appears to be waning. With former Kentucky State Militia commander Charlie Puckett in prison and Steve Anderson -- another high-profile member of the group -- being sought as a fugitive, the militia is in disarray, despite recent efforts to regroup. The state militia is dead without Puckett's leadership, militiaman Roger Shanks of Lancaster said recently when Puckett was sentenced to 30 months in prison on federal weapons charges. ''It's not anymore,'' Shanks said when asked how the organization is faring. ''When I joined, I joined because of Charlie Puckett.'' The Kentucky militia's decline follows a national trend that has seen the number of civilian paramilitary groups drop from 858 in 1996 to 158 last year. Militia activists cite a number of reasons for the decline, from apathy about what the government is doing to federal prosecutions of militia leaders. But militias are trying to reorganize, including Kentucky's. ''We're just deciding where we go next'' since losing Puckett, said Terry Lee Ingram, a state militiaman who said he's a master sergeant in the group. Ingram said an Aug. 20 meeting for members was ''postponed due to lack of participation,'' but will be rescheduled on a weekend. The original date, on a weeknight, made it difficult for members with jobs to attend, he said. The sharp growth of militias and patriot groups followed the 1993 siege of Branch Davidians in Waco, Texas, and the 11day Ruby Ridge standoff in 1992 in Idaho with fugitive Randy Weaver. With the Murrah Federal Building bombing in Oklahoma City in April 1995, militias saw a surge in membership as critics of the federal government claimed the government engineered the bombing to crack down on potential terror groups. In Kentucky, the state militia met regularly and held training sessions in which members were schooled in survival and guerrilla warfare. But virtually all of the activity has stopped. IN RECENT YEARS, militias have had little to rally around, said Mark Pitcavage, national director of fact-finding for the New York-based Anti-Defamation League and a militia expert. ''They have not had a cause celebre,'' he said. Even people in the movement acknowledge that interest has declined. ''I don't think people are educated enough to know how much the militia is needed,'' said Patrick Perry, a former Kentucky militia member who ran the group's Web site until last spring. Mark Potok, a spokesman for the Southern Poverty Law Center in Montgomery, Ala., said that Norm Olson, the head of the Northern Michigan Militia-Wolverines, recently announced he is moving to Alaska ''because he couldn't get anyone to come to meetings. He's disappointed in the fact that all the patriots have disappeared and gone back to their TV sets and wives and children.'' Another prominent Michigan militiaman, Mark Koernke, was convicted last year on charges stemming from a high-speed police pursuit. Koernke founded the Patriot Broadcasting Network and hosted a pro- militia shortwave radio talk show, ''The Intelligence Report.'' Some militiamen and others blame the movement's decline on criminal prosecutions of such activists. ''It seems like a kind of Greek tragedy sort of thing -- cut the head off the snake and the body will die,'' Ingram said. Charles Whitley, a friend of Puckett's who isn't in the militia, said he's convinced the case against Puckett was designed to destroy the militia in Kentucky. BUT U.S. Attorney Greg Van Tatenhove of the Eastern District of Kentucky denied that. ''We really don't focus on the group in this instance as much as we do an individual involved in illegal conduct,'' Van Tatenhove said. ''As federal law enforcement we've not targeted the militia, but in the militia some participating personalities have emerged who are committed to illegal acts. Mr. Puckett is an example of that.'' Pitcavage said the decline of civilian paramilitary groups has happened faster in other parts of the country than in the Midwest, where militias have remained relatively strong. Kentucky, however, appears to be an exception for the region, he said. According to Potok, the passing of Y2K drained some of the interest in militias. Some groups claimed there would be an apocalyptic event as the new century came: The United Nations would take over the country, or the Clinton administration would use the failure of computers to declare marshal law. ''None of those things happened,'' Potok said. ''This really set off a lot of patriots who felt they had been led down the primrose path.'' The criminal cases also hurt, Pitcavage said, citing Puckett's arrest, the Anderson matter and a case out of Cloverdale, Ind., in which two leaders of the 14th regiment of the Indiana State Militia were charged with plotting to kill another member of the group. ''That really kind of puts a damper on mild-mannered ones who don't want to be arrested,'' he said. PUCKETT, 56, was charged in February with possessing firearms, pipe bombs and nearly 35,000 rounds of ammunition in violation of federal law. One of the charges alleged he also had a device to convert a rifle from semiautomatic to automatic fire. Two weeks after being charged, Puckett fled house arrest, only to return to Lancaster in Garrard County in April, with his attorney saying he had left the militia. Puckett pleaded guilty in May to possessing a handgun, attempting to intimidate a witness and possessing an instrument used to convert a rifle into a machine gun. Anderson, a white supremacist who operated an illegal radio station from his Pulaski County home, was kicked out of the state militia last fall, about the time he allegedly shot at a police officer who tried to stop him for a traffic violation. Anderson fled into the woods and hasn't been seen since. Ingram said Anderson caused division in the militia with his extreme views, especially among Western Kentucky members who broke off and created their own group, 911/ KSM. But Jesse Horn, former commander of 911/KSM, said last week that the group is ''pretty much dissolved. I know a lot of people who still say they're active but they just don't come out. Everybody wants to go to the Wal-Mart, go to a game, stay at home and watch cable TV.'' Horn said apathy about what goes on in the government and the militia's negative image in media reports have made it nearly impossible to recruit new members or keep old members active. He also blamed the prosecutions. ''Everybody is still out there, but it's no use playing the game with these people,'' he said, referring to federal law enforcement. FOR CRITICS, the militia decline is welcome. They note the ties of some members to the Ku Klux Klan and other hate groups. Anderson, for example, allegedly held KKK meetings on his property and was a member of the anti-Jewish Christian Identity Movement. State Rep. Kathy Stein, D-Lexington, the only Jewish member of Kentucky's General Assembly, said she doesn't think Puckett or Anderson ''had anything good planned for this commonwealth.'' But Ingram said the militia was never about racism, religious hatred or opposing the government. It was to provide a backup for the Kentucky National Guard if needed, he said. ''This was not a right-wing, gun-nut type of organization,'' he said. ''. . . We raised our hands and swore the same oath that a police officer or a member of the armed services swears.'' Van Tatenhove, the federal prosecutor, said militia activity still concerns him, despite its weakened state. ''I do think to the extent that the militia movement moves to the fringe, it's an unhealthy thing -- particularly because of that tendency to become anti-government and to fabricate justifications for operating outside of the law,'' he said (Louisville Courier-Journal Sept 8 via DXLD) ** U S A. Looks like we have a pirate here in Topeka. Over the last several days I've been hearing something on 94.7 --- sometimes dead carrier but usually gangsta rap. Now that WIBW-FM has moved, the pirate has taken over 97.3. Finally caught a voice this morning, ID'ing as "KAOS 94.7" and playing 70's and 80's punk --- heavy on the Clash and Ramones. 73, (Todd K0KAN Sept 21, AMFMTVDX mailing list via DXLD) ** U S A. The 100 Mile-Per-Gallon Carburetor HOW ULTRA WIDE BAND MAY (OR MAY NOT) CHANGE THE WORLD By ``Robert X. Cringely`` http://www.pbs.org/cringely/pulpit/pulpit20020124.html (via Robert Ellis, Sept CIDX Messenger, via DXLD) ** URUGUAY. 6010, Emisora Ciudad de Montevideo, Montevideo, 1620-1628, Sep 21, Spanish, musical program, ads, TC and ID, 35333. 6140, Radio Montecarlo, Montevideo, 1640-1700, Sep 21, Spanish, musical and News program, ads Montecable, 35443 (Nicolás Eramo, Argentina, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** VENEZUELA. 4939.65, R. Amazonas, *1000 Sep 14 (though carrier had been on for at least 40 minutes). Opened with frequency announcement, then YV NA, long anthem of the state, then programming ended until picked up again around 1015. So-so signal. Also heard 0100 Sep 12, light Spanish vocals, announcements in between, bad modulation, and voice less strong than music (Jerry Berg, MA, NASWA Flashsheet via DXLD) ** VENEZUELA. Según un reporte del 18/09, el ingeniero en jefe de Radio Nacional de Venezuela, Ismael Arrae, informó que la emisora acaba de adquirir dos transmisores de AM y tres de FM. Uno de los transmisores de AM (de 25 kW), será para el canal 1310 kHz de Puerto La Cruz (ciudad ubicada al oriente del país); y el otro (de 50 kW), será para el canal de 1240 kHz, ubicado en la península de Paraguaná (en la parte occidental de Venezuela). Saludos (desde Catia La Mar, VENEZUELA, Adán González, Sept 21, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** VIETNAM. The Voice of Vietnam continues to use several HF channels for relaying its Domestic Service to rural areas. 5925 *2200-1600* (XM) 50 kW 5975 *2200-1600* (ST) 50 kW 6020 *2200-1600* (ST) 20 kW 7210 *2200-1600* (ST) 20 kW 9530 *2200-1400* (ST) 50 kW 9875 *0200-1000* (ST) 50 kW These channels carry relays of Networks 1, 2, 3 or 4, to a varying schedule, in Vietnamese, as well as programming in various dialects for ethnic communities. Network 1: Mainly news Network 2: Mainly educational and cultural features] Network 3: Music and news Network 4: Programming for ethnic minorities At 0200, 5925, 5975 6020 7210 9530 and 9875 all carry the same news summary from Hanoi. The Hmong Service, which is part of Network 4, has recently extended its transmission hours, to accommodate extended broadcasts to ethnic minorities, as foreshadowed in EDXP earlier in 2002. New frequencies in the 9 MHz band are now in use, to improve coverage during daylight hours. This is now heard: 5035 *2200-0000* (XM) 15 kW (previously *2200-2300*) 5035 *1130-1330* (XM) 15 kW (previously *1200-1200*) 6165 *2200-0000* (XM) 50 kW (previously *2200-2300*) 6165 *1130-1330* (XM) 50 kW (previously *2200-2300*) 9855 *0430-0600* (XM) 50 kW (previously *0500-0600*, new frequency) 9650 *0430-0600* (XM) 50 kW (additional new frequency) Both of the new frequencies 9855 and 9650 gave excellent reception in the countries I visited. Until recently, the morning and evening services were carried on 5 and 6 MHz, and the midday service only on 6 MHz. Now, the midday broadcast is on 9 MHz. Transmitter locations: XM Xuan Mai ST Son Tai Note: The transmitter operating on 9875 also carries the VOV Asian Service (Network-6) at other times, on 7285, to this schedule: 0000-0030 Khmer 0030-0100 Lao 1100-1130 English 1130-1200 Thai 1200-1230 Khmer 1230-1300 Lao 1300-1330 Russian 1330-1400 Khmer 1400-1430 Lao 1430-1500 Mandarin 1500-1530 Cantonese Domestic radio broadcasting in Vietnam is being continually developed and extended. Population coverage is now more than 90%, and the government plans for each household to have at least one radio set. There are 61 provincial stations and 528 district stations, including 319 operating on VHF. The remainder are on MF. There are also over 5000 public address systems operating at village level. Half of the district stations have been upgraded to achieve better coverage, and all remote and mountain districts now have low powered VHF transmitters (Bob Padula, Electronic DX Press Sept 13 via DXLD) ** VIETNAM. CANADA. 9840, Radio Voice of Vietnam via Sackville. Full data logo card with site in 83 days. I reported the site as Son Tay, but dispute my evidence as being this site, the result was the above (Ed Kusalik, Alberta, Sept 20, Cumbre DX via DXLD) I still don`t believe it. What were time, language? Would not be first time a station doesn`t know its own schedule. 9840 is a longtime direct frequency, doesn`t show on RCI schedules. More evidence that QSLs don`t necessarily prove anything (gh, DXLD) ** YUGOSLAVIA. Hi Glenn, R Yugoslavia resumed SW broadcasts today Sept 20 (first heard on 6100 at 1713). English heard on 6100 at 1830 UT so must be sticking to their published schedule. English transmission started with message from Director of R Yugoslavia about resumption of SW. (Thanks to the tip from Media Network) (Website actually said SW broadcasts restarted "Friday 9 September" but as there is no such date, presume they meant today?) [earlier:] Radio Yugoslavia heard again on shortwave this evening - well known interval signal on 6100 (pres via Bijeljina, Bosnia-H) at 1713 UT and programme in (presumed) Bulgarian at 1715. If they're sticking to their published schedule - English should be at 1830 UT on 6100 (to Eur). Other English scheduled: 0000 9580 (except Sun) to N Am 0430 9580 to N Am 2100 6100 to Eur 2200 7230 (except Sat) to Aus (all programmes half hour) Full schedule at: http://www.radioyu.org/ 73s (Alan Pennington, UK, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Radio Yugoslavia heard on 6100 Sept. 20 in Russian at 1800 and English 1830, announcing the agreement to operate via Bijeljina followed by news. Strong signal with some audio hum. At 1858 IS on 7200 followed by Spanish 1900. Their A02 sched for the rest of today should be: 6100 : 1930 Serbian, 2000 German, 2030 French, 2100-2130 English 7230 : 2130 Serbian, 2200-2230 English 9580 : 2230 Chinese, 2300 Spanish, 2330 Serbian, 0000 English, 0030- 0100 Serbian and 0430-0500 English. next transmission 1400 in Arabic on 11800 [1430, it says to me -- gh] 7200 is occupied by what sounds Sudan in Arabic. News c1803 then talk and typical Sudanese sounding music and song. And at 1900 IRIB IS heard followed by programme in Hebrew - Kol David? (Noel R. Green, Blackpool, UK, Sept 20th, Cumbre DX via DXLD) From the Radio Yugoslavia website: We would like to inform our listeners that after a several-month break, during which it published news bulletins on the Internet, Radio Yugoslavia will resume its short-wave programming in 12 foreign languages and in Serbian for the diaspora on Friday, September 9 [sic]. Radio Yugoslavia's morning and evening news bulletins in Serbian, French, Spanish and Russian can be found at http://www.radioyu.org INFORMATION Well, right now (2020) 6100 is on, but all they broadcast is their interval signal. [Later:] Now at 2030 Radio Yugoslavia on 6100 started French. On the Radio Yugoslavia website the page for German news is empty, too, so apparently they just have no editorial staff for German broadcasts at present. By the way, I wonder if the now finished silence period was really the result of legal problems again, since I recall earlier reports describing it as just another case of "pay no bills, get no mainpower". (Kai Ludwig, Germany, Sept 20, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Dear listeners, at the beginning of our programme, and on the occasion of the resumed short-wave transmission, here is a message by the director of Radio Yugoslavia, Milena Jokich. After a several-month intermission, Radio Yugoslavia is again transmitting its short-wave programme from transmitters in Bijeljina, the Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina. The licence for programme transmission issued to Radio Yugoslavia by the Communications Regulatory Agency in Bosnia-Herzegovina, on the basis of a framework agreement reached between the Ministerial Council of B-H and the Yugoslav leadership, is a result of mutual efforts to arrange this field of cooperation between the two countries in the spirit of the Dayton Accords. We would like to thank CRA representatives and the Ministerial Council of B-H for their understanding owing to which the programme of Radio Yugoslavia, which has existed for more than 65 years, can again be heard all over the world and in our diaspora in 12 languages and Serbian. We are also grateful to you, dear listeners, for writing to us during the period when we were present only at the Internet and looking forward to the resumption of our programme. Your letters in which the most frequent question was why we are not in the ether represented a valuable support to us. Now you will be receiving important and objective information through short-wave transmissions and the Internet. You will be informed about all the important events at the political, economic, cultural and social scene in the country. We wish you a good reception and are looking forward to your remarks and suggestions in future as well. (not dated; I found this message on radioyu.org on Sept. 20) (Sergei Sosedkin, IL, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Nothing heard except hams on 7230 at 2200, nor was RY expected here; but I was waiting on 9580 at 2358, and there was their very nice IS again, 0000 sharp opening in English, starting with reading the statement about the SW resumption. It seems no one has jumped on their frequency in the meantime, leaving it open. How considerate. Not so good at 0430 repeat; 9580 itself fairly clear, but RY weaker now, splash from Bonaire 9590, and VOA 9575. Now RY need to work on their accents... (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Dear Glenn, Thanx to tip via DXLD 2-147, I logged Radio Yugoslavia (via Bosnia?) as detailed below. 9/21 0440-0502* 9580 R. Yugoslavia - News heard at tune-in followed by "singing" ID at 0442. Program "Front Pages(?)" with newspaper lead stories; topics regarding elections and candidates. Program; "(Yugoslav?) Heritage" featuring native music. Closing announcements; "Thank you for listening to our programs"; Tas [?]/frequencies and IS(piano?) before sign-off. Fair signal but "splatter" via 9575 VOA hampered reception; tuning up to 9582 helped (Scott R. Barbour, Jr., NH, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Glad to hear Radio Yugoslavia is back. Hearing them here in English on 9580 at 0434 UT on 9/21/02. They signed on late at 0433. Nice signal using USB to avoid interference (Steve Lare, Holland, MI, DX LISTENING DIGEST) R. Yugoslavia on 9,579.99 kHz at 0005 in English with news. In the clear with a very good signal although there seems to be some humm in the audio. Thanks to Noel for the tip! 73, (Brandon Jordan, Memphis TN, Cumbre DX Sept 20 via DXLD) Hi Glenn, I was wondering if anyone else has noticed this announcement on the Radio Yugoslavia Web site, which is why I was unable to say for sure when they would resume. I just checked and it's still there as of Saturday morning, with no indication that they have actually resumed. "We would like to inform our listeners that after a several-month break, during which it published news bulletins on the Internet, Radio Yugoslavia will resume its short-wave programming in 12 foreign languages and in Serbian for the diaspora on Friday, September 9." Is Yugoslavia really 11 days behind the rest of us? :-) 73, (Andy Sennitt, Netherlands, Sept 21, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** ZIMBABWE. ZBC ROBBING MOTORISTS 9/18/02 8:38:02 AM (GMT +2) By Pedzisai Ruhanya, Chief Reporter In its desperate bid to raise money, the financially troubled Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation (ZBC) is illegally collecting funds from motorists who have radios in their vehicles, investigations have revealed... http://www.dailynews.co.zw/daily/2002/September/September18/7232.html (via Jill Dybka, TN, NASWA Flashsheet Sept 21 via DXLD) +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ HATE RADIO UPDATED Hello from Hilversum, For some time now we've been working on major updates to our dossier Counteracting Hate Radio. But there have been so many developments in recent months that we decided to publish it this week, even though there is still some additional material which we will add as soon as possible. We'll also be adding audio clips of some of the stations mentioned in the dossier. Some people believe that Hate Radio is a phenomenon that started and ended in the mid-90's, notably in the Great Lakes region of Africa around Burundi and Rwanda. This dossier shows that hate radio continues to be a constant danger. Hate radio killed more than 800,000 people in the last decade. Its influence should not be ignored. This is very much a "work in progress", and we invite your comments, questions, suggestions and contributions. http://www.rnw.nl/realradio/dossiers/html/hateintro.html (Media Network newsletter Sept 20 via DXLD) ### |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| DX LISTENING DIGEST 2-147, September 20, 2002 edited by Glenn Hauser, wghauser@hotmail.com Items from DXLD may be reproduced and re-reproduced only if full credit be maintained at all stages and we be provided exchange copies. DXLD may not be reposted in its entirety without permission. Materials taken from Arctic or originating from Olle Alm and not having a commercial copyright are exempt from all restrictions of noncommercial, noncopyrighted reusage except for full credits HTML version of this issue will be posted afterwards at http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldtd02.html For restrixions and searchable 2002 contents archive see http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldmid.html NOTE: If you are a regular reader of DXLD, and a source of DX news but have not been sending it directly to us, please consider yourself obligated to do so. Thanks, Glenn WORLD OF RADIO 1148: FIRST AIRINGS ON RFPI: Sat 0130, 0730, Sun 0000, 0600, Mon 0030, 0630 on 7445, 15038.7; webcasts also Sat 1330, 1800, Sun 1200, 1830, Mon 1230 BROADCASTS ON WWCR: Sat 0500, Sun 0230 5070, Sun 0630 3210, Wed 0930 9475 BROADCAST ON WBCQ: Mon 0415 on 7415 BROADCASTS ON WJIE: Plans to be back on 7490, 13595 shortly; see USA BROADCASTS ON WRN: Rest of world Sat 0800; North America Sun 1400 ONDEMAND http://www.wrn.org/ondemand/worldofradio.html (DOWNLOAD) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1148.rm (STREAM) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1148.ram (SUMMARY) http://www.worldofradio.com/wor1148.html INFORME DX DESDE NORTEAMÉRICA POR GLENN HAUSER, SEPTIEMBRE 2002 GUION: http://www.worldofradio.com/mr0209.html ESCUCHAR: En segmentos por Radio Enlace en Radio Nederland, viernes y domingos durante septiembre. La mayor parte escogida para Mundo Radial, en WWCR 15825, los viernes 2112 y miércoles 2059 a partir del 20 de septiembre. A pedido: Parte I (corriente) http://www.worldofradio.com/mr0209a.ram (bajable) http://www.worldofradio.com/mr0209.rm Parte II (corriente) http://www.worldofradio.com/mr0209b.ram (bajable) http://www.worldofradio.com/mr0209.rm ** AFGHANISTAN. 8700-USB, Information Radio. Still here, noted September 17th 1705 with continuous Afghan music, weak but steady signal on clear channel (Mike Barraclough, Letchworth, UK, WORLD OF RADIO 1148, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** AFGHANISTAN? Re Liangas` report, 6100 Information Radio? Maybe, but note that R Nepal (parallel 5005) has been here until 1715 (earlier closed down at 1545). Also P`yongyang at this time on the frequency (Jari Savolainen, Kuusankoski, Finland, hard-core-dx via DXLD) Definite IDs of ``Information Radio`` or some equivalent in Dari and Pashto are sorely lacking concerning both these frequencies, and have been for many months!! We are only making assumptions based on the frequency and other factors (gh, DXLD) ** AFGHANISTAN. This from NZRDXL member Martin Hadlow, who is working in Afghanistan for the UN. "In passing, I have just come back to Kabul from Bamiyan in the north of Afghanistan. A radio station is now on the air there. Radio Bamiyan broadcasts with 400 watts on 1500 kHz. What a catch that would be! " Cheers, (Paul Ormandy, NZ, Host of The South Pacific DX Report http://radiodx.com Sept 20, DX LISTENING DIGEST) We recently had a story on this one neglecting to give frequency (gh) ** ANTARCTICA. LRA36 noted on [Monday] 9/16 from 2045 UT on 15475.5 kHz with music; s/off at 2112 with ID; fair (John Cobb, Roswell, GA, Sept 18, DX LISTENING DIGEST) 15475.5, R. Nac. Arcángel San Gabriel Sep 16 2028-2105 25322-35322 Spanish, Music. ID at 2029 by man (Kouji Hashimoto, Japan Premium via DXLD) ** ARGENTINA. 15820-LSB, R. Diez Sep 18 0646-0705, 35443, Spanish, Talk. ID at 0656 and 0658 and 0700 (Kouji Hashimoto, Japan Premium via DXLD) ** ARGENTINA. On Sunday 9/15, LTA heard on 29810 kHz LSB from 2200 UT tune-in with fair signal until after midnight UT, when propagation rapidly collapsed and took it out, but still detectable after 0030. Relay of Radio Continental with fútbol, news bulletins, and music. Not heard on 20276 or 15820; all frequencies seem less active since the onset of the country's economic crisis (John Cobb, Roswell, GA, Sept 18, WORLD OF RADIO 1148, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** ARGENTINA. 6215, RADIO BALUARTE, se encuentra actualmente inactiva, tal como lo noté el pasado fin de semana. De acuerdo a informaciones de la propia emisora, su transmisor fue enviado a reparar a Buenos Aires, y probablemente mañana o el jueves a más tardar, esté nuevamente en el aire, si no ocurre algún inconveniente. 73's (Gabriel Iván Barrera, Sept 17, Conexión Digital via DXLD) 6215, Radio Baluarte, Puerto Iguazú, 0109-0118, Sep 20, Spanish, man announcer, gospel music, ads "Centro de Evangelización", SINPO 34333 (Nicolás Eramo, Argentina, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** AUSTRALIA. R. Australia, Friday Sept 20, 2105: FEEDBACK* - listener letters, features and news about RA. Last weekend Digital Radio Mondiale was one of the many participants at the International Broadcasting Convention held in the Netherlands. The consortium's presence in Amsterdam was another milestone in the development of DRM with the unveiling of a production-ready world-band consumer receiver and a preview version of its first publicly available receiver, the DRM Software Radio. Now safely back at his Headquarters at Deutsche Welle in Cologne, DRM's Chairman Peter Senger tells Roger Broadbent what went on at IBC and how you can become involved in DRM's Software Radio project (John Figliozzi`s previews via DXLD) Repeats UT Sat 0005, 0605, Sun 0305; don`t depend on it being archived ondemand ** BELIZE. Found this in Belize paper in June (Mike Cooper, DXLD) BELIZE ASSERTS INDEPENDENCE, By Alberto Vellos Belize City, June 12th Belize rejects U.S. proposal to beam Radio Martí signal, was Miami Herald`s news report dated June 11, 2002. The report continued, Belize has flatly rejected a U.S. proposal to convert a Voice of America relay station to beam U.S.-operated Radio Martí signals toward Cuba. It might have come as a blow to the chin to some of Uncle Sams political hawks but Belizeans took the rejection of Radio Martí as an act of patriotism. For over two hundred years Belize was under the thumb of the British. Belize achieved independence in 1981. Belize is an independent, sovereign country that no longer dances to the tunes played by colonial masters. Belize composes its own music and its own dances now. Belize was not going to trade one master for the next. Since Castro`s revolution in 1959, the U.S. has worked tirelessly to establish various forms of pro-U.S., anti-Castro modes of information exchange to Cubans in Cuba. Their latest attempts have come in the form of radio and television stations that transmit American propaganda over the air waves to Cuba to undermine Fidel Castro. TV Martí is their established anti-Castro television station and Radio Martí is their pro-U.S. radio station. Ever since Belize successfully attained independence in 1981, Radio Martí`s beginnings can be traced. In 1981 US President Ronald Reagan declared that it was his administrations intention to establish a Radio Free Cuba. However, in order for the Reagan administration to see the station begin, its budget had to be passed through the US Congress, and in 1982 the Senate voted down the proposal. A year later legislation took a turn and gave the okay for the Reagans scheme. In October 4, 1983, Ronald Reagan signed the Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act Public Law 98-111. Radio Martí signed on the air on May 20, 1985 on 1160 kHz with 14 1/2 hours of programming from Voice of Americas transmitters in Marathon Key, Florida; and on short wave from Greenville, N.C. and Delano, California. Since then the station has been transmitting anti-Castro propaganda to Cuba. Reports from exiles, defectors, and even journalists within Cuba support the station and give credence to the fact that Radio Martí is the most-listened to radio station on the island. But, U.S. efforts have been cut short since Castro found a way to block Radio Martí`s signals. Miami Herald reports that, In late 2000, U.S. officials began scouring the Caribbean looking for alternative broadcast sites to send the signals of Radio Martí toward Cuba from a different latitude, making it more difficult for Cuba to block its signals. U.S. officials apparently scoured the Caribbean and finally noticed the Belize facility. That facility lies on the outskirts of Punta Gorda where the United States operates two AM radio transmitters. Each sends both English and Spanish Voice of Americas broadcasts throughout Central America each evening. According to the Newspaper`s report, the U.S. State Department sent two diplomatic notes to Belmopan, which were both turned down and backed by reasons which stated that Belize has good relations with both Cuba and the United States, and Belize does not want to get involved. Since 1999 Belize has hosted an increasing number of professional Cuban physicians and nurses working in remote villages, and more than 100 Belizeans students are in Cuba on full scholarships, some of them studying medicine. The Miami Herald report was the lead story on the evening news Tuesday in Belize. Some pundits worried that Belize was in some kind of danger for standing up for its moral beliefs. Not so. Belize has a good relationship with U.S. as well as Cuba, and she has no intention to sour either one. We have no comment at this time, stated Edgar Embrey, available spokesman for the United Sates Embassy in Belize while Ambassador Russell Freeman is out of the country. We cannot issue any comment until the U.S. State Department has released a statement or has authorized us to do so, Embrey continued. Not only did U.S. Embassy spokesman say that they have nothing to comment on, but he held that no one in Washington has officially made a commentary in relation to the matter. Contrary to the T.V. stations that juiced-up the news, and erroneously added that Cubans in Belize are already adversely affected by Belize`s decision, we found out that it was total yeri-so. The BELIZE TIMES spoke with Cuban Ambassador to Belize, H.E. Regla Díaz Hernández who highlighted that she, her government and her people in Belize and Cuba have a great amount of respect for the nation of Belize, and our government and people, We respect the position Belize has taken. It has truly exercised her right as an independent and sovereign nation. The Government and Embassy of Cuba appreciate the independent and sovereign position of Belize, as it has decided not to take part in any manner whatsoever in U.S. brutal and violent war against Cuba. © Copyright 2001-2002 The Belize Times Press Ltd. All rights reserved (via Mike Cooper, DXLD) ** BRAZIL. Caro Glenn, Com o objetivo de saber mais detalhes da Rádio Ternura, telefonei para o diretor do Centro Paulista de Rádio e TV, que engloba as rádios Ibitinga, Meteorologia Paulista e Ternura FM. De acordo com Roque da Rosa, a programação distribuída em 4845 kHz é a da Ternura FM. Segundo ele, é uma programação musical, mais adequada para tal freqüência. As emissões ocorrem das 0800 às 1300 UTC. Depois de um intervalo, os transmissores voltam a ser ligados das 1900 às 2200 UTC. Para 2003, pretendem dobrar a potência do transmissor, que agora é de 2,5 kw. Também pretendem transmitir por mais horas, durante o período noturno. Enviei um relatório de recepção e texto explicando o que é o dexismo e, para minha surpresa, Roque disse ser dono de um Transglobe, da Philco, e ouvinte de emissoras internacionais. De quebra, disse que estaria confirmando o meu relatório. Os contatos podem ser feitos da seguinte forma. Por carta: Rádio Ternura, Rua Capitão João Marques, 89, CEP: 14940-000, Ibitinga(SP), Brasil. Por fax: (16) 242.5056. E- mail: radio.ibitinga@ibinet.com.br . 73s! (Celio Romais, Porto Alegre, Brasil) Caro Célio, Muito bem. Uma pergunta: não tem interferências de Manáus? Acha que não funciona a certas horas ou com muito menos do que 250 kW?? 73, (Glenn to Célio via DXLD) ** BRAZIL. Rio Mar: Tendo por lema "Uma Potência no Ar" a Rádio Rio Mar de Manaus, atinge uma grande parte da Amazônia, e tem uma papel muito importante na integração da capital com o interior do Amazonas. Uma das mais antigas emissoras amazonenses, está há 47 anos no ar. Emissora católica, pertencente à Fundação Rio Mar, além da estação de AM (1290 kHz), possui duas estações de ondas curtas (6160 kHz e 9695 kHz) que estão no ar entre as 1000 e 2300 TU. A emissora é afiliada também ao Bandsat (Rede Bandeirantes de Rádio) do qual retransmite programas jornalísticos e jornadas esportivas (Paulo Roberto e Souza via Jornalista Célio Romais, September 18, DXLD) ** BRAZIL. Dear Glenn, Greetings from NH. I logged a couple of Brazilian stations this evening that you might be interested in. R. Ribeirão, 3205, 2320-2333 9/18 in Portuguese. Talk with crowd noise in the background, presumably futebol pre-game. Positive IDs "Radio Ribeirão" with "rolling" R on "Ribeirão". Teams announced at 2330; visiting team from "Bogotá, Colombia" Poor, weak signal. [not Ribeirão Preto? gh] R. Canção Nova, 4825, 2350-0015 9/18 in Portuguese. Very nice mix of Portuguese ballads. ID at 2358 over piano music; Ads/jingles until 0004 when music resumes. Weak signal with periods of fading. 73 (Scott R. Barbour, Jr, NH, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** BRAZIL. 4914.98, Rádio Difusora Macapá, 20 Sep, 0912, First time logged with Portuguese pop vocals, canned ID's, 0916 live announcer. Mixing with presumed R Anhanguera which in the past has been the powerhouse here (Mark Mohrmann, VT, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** BRAZIL. GUN-TOTING MUSICIAN FORCES DJ TO PLAY HIS ALBUM http://www.reuters.com/news_article.jhtml?type=humannews&StoryID=1470133&fromEmail=true Don Thornton-NJ tipped me off to this. (And...did they give the frequency? Of course not!) 73- (Bill Westenhaver, DXLD) ** BURMA [non]. KAZAKHSTAN: B-02 schedule for Democratic Voice of Burma in Burmese: 1430-1530 5905 Almaty 200 kW / 132 deg (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 20, via DXLD; note: all Observer items in this issue concern advance info for B-02 season starting Oct. 27 tho some may already be in effect) Among other transmissions and sites? ** CANADA. CBC/RCI Previews: WEEKEND HOT SHEET, SUNDAY SEPTEMBER 22 THE SUNDAY EDITION: This week on The Sunday Edition, Iraq and the UN: an analysis of the internal politics at the UN after Saddam Hussein agreed this week to UN arms inspections. Also, the Season of Schadenfreude: that great German word describes the guilt delight we take in the misfortunes of others - Martha Stewart, Kenneth Lay, O.J. Simpson and others. Michael Enright moderates a panel on the subject. Also, a look at Salman Rushdie's new book, a collection of essays called "Step Across This Line." That's The Sunday Edition, right after the 9 a.m. news (9:30 NT) on CBC Radio One. [and 1311-1600 on RCI] SAY IT WITH MUSIC: This week on Say It With Music...Broadway 2002/2003. Join Richard for his annual preview of what's coming up in the musical theatre world season. Learn about the revivals of "Flower Drum Song," "Man of La Mancha" and "Sweet Charity." All this, and Bernadette Peters too. Who could ask for anything more? Say it With Music, Sunday at 4:00 p.m. (4:30 NT) on CBC Radio Two. CROSS-COUNTRY CHECKUP: Sunday on Cross Country Checkup...Canada the peacemaker. This week, Canada tried to influence the machinations at the UN between the U-S and Iraq. It's role that Lester Pearson claimed for Canada years ago, but many say has been lost since those day. What do you think? Can Canada still cut it as a diplomatic broker? Join host Rex Murphy Sunday on Cross Country Checkup, Sunday at 4 p.m. Eastern Time on CBC Radio One. [2005-2200 UT in all zones] THE WORLD THIS WEEKEND: Sunday on The World This Weekend...September 25th marks the 70th anniversary of the birth of Glenn Gould. One of the greatest pianists of all time, Gould remains an enigma. To mark the occasion, CBC Radio Two will devote next Wednesday to Variations on Gould - music, memories and more. Get a preview this Sunday as The World This Weekend invites five musicians to talk about how they were inspired by Glenn Gould's last recording - Bach's Goldberg Variations. That's The World This Weekend, with Lorna Jackson, Sunday at 6:00 p.m. (7:00 AT, 7:30 NT) on CBC Radio One and Radio Two. Hear that report Sunday on The World This Weekend at 6 pm (7 AT; 7:30 NT) on both CBC Radio One and CBC Radio Two (CBC Hotsheet via gh, DXLD) CBC Radio 2 can, with a clear conscience, offer "Variations On Gould," 14 hours of programming next Wednesday [Sept 25], co-hosted by Shelagh Rogers and Tim Page, that offer music, anecdotes, facts, fancy, lots of guests including Petula Clark and Christos Hatzis and observations by listeners. It will start with Glenn Gould's 1955 recording of Bach's monumental work and there will be listener requests (call 1-800-205-8553), extracts from the pianist's radio documentaries, Peter Tiefenbach's drama of imagined conversations between Gould (played by Andrew Pifko) and other composers, results of a Gould short story contest, a documentary on the Variations themselves and a live concert of them from the studio performed by Quebec's delightful Les Violons du Roy conducted by Bernard Labadie (Toronto Star Sept 17 via Mike Cooper, DXLD) ** CANADA. Greetings Mr Hauser. I am a loyal WOR listener, and a great fan of your work. Anywho, here's my question; Am I on somethin'? or am I imagining things? I've noticed that 1050CHUM is back to playin' oldies from being the flagship station of The Team, Canada's sports Network. In some ways it makes a little sense, with the possible popularity of "Prime Time Radio" CHWO on 740, I wonder if that's the reason, to offer a little competition? or is it that the revenue wasn't as good bein' a sports radio station? So many questions. Check out http://www.1050chum.com for details. Take care, and best of success to you (Dallas Robertson, location unknown, Sept 18, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Site is all about the oldies; no explanation found of the format change. We had a number of stories about it here a few weeks ago: basically, the sports format was tanking, but remains on a few stations they own in other cities (gh, DXLD) ** CHILE [non?]. 6880.1, Andino Relay Service. 0240-0320 September 19. LSB mode. Very nice Andean music, Announcement and ID in Spanish: "1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 .....atención, atentos en sintonía, probando equipos. En unos instantes comenzará la transmisión del Andino Relay Service, transmitiendo desde algún lugar de los Andes sudamericanos". Afterwards, identification in English. S/on at 0300 UT. Andean music. Other IDs as: "Sintoniza el Andino Relay Service"; "envíen sus informes de recepción a la Casilla 159, Santiago 14, Chile", "Está transmitiendo Andino Relay Service. Escríbenos. Envíanos tu informe de recepción a......". Ann. electronic address in ARSSW@yahoo.com [SINPO?] (Arnaldo Slaen, Argentine, Cumbre DX via DXLD) Andino Relay Service, 6880.1 LSB UT 0018, SIO 444, música andina, ID, ann (Enrique Wembagher, Bs.As., Sept. 19, ibid.) 6880.1-LSB, Andino Relay Service, +0300-0346+, 19/9, ID y música andina, a/t [??] con música de Violeta Parra 'Gracias a la Vida'. ID's "Andino Relay Service, 6880 khz" y ".... Aqui el Andino Relay Service. Aquí Sudamérica. Aquí una voz libre sudamericana en la onda corta..". SINPO: 34343. 73's GIB (Gabriel Iván Barrera, Argentina, Conexión Digital via DXLD) ** COLOMBIA. Henrik Klemetz wrote to clarify some facts in the Christian Shortwave Report from last week about La Voz de Tu Conciencia. Although some reports quoted Henrik as saying that Russel Stendal had been imprisoned by the Colombian FARC guerrillas for two and a half years. Stendal was actually held for 142 days. He also mentions that Stendal wrote down his experiences in the guerrilla camp so he would have a record of it. Some 20 years later, Stendal's diaries became the book "Rescue the Captors," which has a theme of reaching the guerrillas with a message of peace and love. The book is available in both English and Spanish through this address: Ransom Press International ** 3555 Grove Road ** Pluiston FL 33440 ** U.S.A. {make that: Clewiston! -- DXLD 2-149} The Spanish version is also available through an address in Colombia, where reception reports for La Voz de Tu Conciencia may also be sent: Colombia Para Cristo ** Calle 44, No. 13-69 ** Bogota D.C. ** Colombia. The station is having QSL cards printed, and all correct reception reports for their shortwave transmission on 6060 will receive a QSL. More information is also available by e-mail at: gstendal@aol.com (HCJB DX Partyline Sept 14, notes by Marie Lamb for W9WZE via DXLD) ** CONGO DR. RADIO OKAPI JOURNALIST STILL IN DETENTION A journalist working for Radio Okapi, the UN's radio network in the Democratic Republic of Congo, remains in detention in Gbadolite 7 days after his arrest, by order of the authorities of the Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC). According to the MLC´s own radio station in Gbadolite, Franklin Moliba-Sese is accused of having interviewed child soldiers without obtaining the authorization of the military hierarchy. Questioned on the Voice of America, the MLC Secretary- General Olivier Kamitatu claimed that the journalist had revealed certain defence information, but that he will be released without delay. Radio Okapi says that the report in question concerned the difficult living conditions in Gbadolite of child soldiers waiting to be demobilised. One child soldier complained of being deprived of food and maltreated. These assertions have not to date been contradicted by the MLC authorities. The immediate release of Moliba-Sese is being sought at the highest diplomatic level by the UN Mission in Congo (MONUC). On his arrival in Gbadolite yesterday afternoon, MLC President Jean-Pierre Bemba told Radio Okapi he had no knowledge of the matter (© Radio Netherlands Media Network 20 September 2002 via DXLD) ** CUBA. 4200.01, Radio Rebelde (harmonic 6 x 700), 20 Sep, 0902, Spanish talk and vocals // 3600 and 5025. Very weak (Mark Mohrmann, VT, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** CUBA [non]. GOBIERNOS BUSCAN CENSURAR PAGINAS DE INTERNET http://www.lanuevacuba.com/nuevacuba/notic-02-9-1503.htm (via Oscar, Miami, DXLD) Mainly about Vietnam, China, Arabia, etc. See also BELIZE, USA for R. Martí items ** CYPRUS. I haven't managed to read everything lately, so this may have appeared already --- The Cyprus transmitter which came up on 981 kHz a week or so ago should be moved to 990 kHz in the next few days (Dan Ferguson, VA, IBB, Sept 17, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** CZECH REPUBLIC. RFE closes Czech service Sept 30: see USA [non] ** ECUADOR. HCJB has another historic QSL card available on request for a correct reception report. The 1968-E card shows the arrival of three RCA 1-kW transmitters in October 1967 via a special airlift. The report may be sent to: HCJB English Service ** Casilla 17-17-691 ** Quito ** Ecuador (HCJB DX Partyline Sept 14, notes by Marie Lamb for W9WZE via DXLD) ** EGYPT. Radio Cairo in Turkish at 1630 on 6235 instead of 6230 as scheduled. Very bad modulation (Roberto Scaglione, Sicily, Sept 19, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** EL SALVADOR. 17833.16, R. Imperial, Sep 17 2310-0051* At tune-in, heard a ballad in Spanish with male vocals. Audio was noticeably distorted, and due to QRM from 17835, LSB plus sync was required. The signal would fade in and out, but at peaks the SINPO was 23332. These "ballads" continued for the next half hour or so, but one was definitely religious in theme, as "Dios" was repeated several times. The signal then completely degraded, and I almost tuned them out. Then, around 0036 the audio faded back up, and remained steady, almost at the levels when I first tune in. At 0039, there was a canned ID by a male: "Sintonícenos en la ... Imperial, 810 AM, un mensaje a seguir en su vida" (Tune in to us on .... Imperial, 810 AM, a message for you to follow in your life.) (Thanks to Henrik Klemetz for listening to my audio clip, and extracting the ID.) A program hosted by a female followed, with more vocal music. At 0051 it sounded like someone literally, "pulled the plug" on them. I ! should add that they were only audible on my 45 meter dipole antenna (George Maroti, NY, Cumbre DX via DXLD) See also UNIDENTIFIED below 17833.4v, YSDA, R Imperial, Sonsonate, (presumed), 2339, Sept 19th, Uptempo LA music, with YL at the mic. Good carrier strength, but barely modulated. Audio detected only when signal strength neared full quieting. Unable to pull station ID. Thanks to George Maroti for the tip. I am wondering why such an upper SW band was chosen. The skip zone on this frequency exceeds the borders of El Salvador. Is this an attempt at international broadcasting? [Later:] I just answered my own question. I found the explanation in Glenn Hauser's DXLD #02-055. April 5, 2002. This is apparently a medium wave harmonic with a fundamental frequency of 810 kHz. That means this is the 22nd harmonic!!!! Remarkable. I was not DXing from March through June, so I missed this one. I wondered if it were some sort of spur, but couldn't make the math work for an HF spur, and didn't think it was possible that a signal would radiate on the 22nd order (David Hodgson, TN, Cumbre DX via DXLD) However, subsequent reports indicate it is not a harmonic, but a little-known deliberate 16m SW outlet. Index shows EL SALVADOR entries are in DXLD 2-057, 058, 062, 069 and 102, some of which may concern this, in http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldtb02.html 73, Glenn Hauser Glenn: Very interesting. I wonder what the impetus is for broadcasting on such an upper band, which would put any regional audience in the skip zone. Perhaps religious agenda? Just in case, I will check some lower harmonic frequencies of 810.4 between 13-16 MHz today, if I hear them on again. Has anyone else bothered to try this? (David Hodgson, TN, DX LISTENING DIGEST) 17833.15, R. Imperial, Sep 19, 2315. Again, I'm hearing them with ballads; no announcements thus far. The signal strength seems stronger and steadier tonight, however the modulation is a bit low (George Maroti, NY Cumbre DX via DXLD) I tried this station again today, and was able to ID it. Here is some additional info: El Salvador, 17833.3v, YSDA, R. Imperial, Sonsonate, 2200-2350 Sept 19th. Carrier on at 2200. Adjacent channel QRM from station on 17835 gone after 2330. Near perfect greyline path between El Salvador and here in TN around 2345. Signal peaked both yesterday and today to nice level at 2345. Caught two nice clear station IDs given by male announcer at 2347. Checked lower order harmonic frequencies, and found no trace of signal (David Hodgson, TN, Sept 19, DX LISTENING DIGEST) 17833.19, Radio Imperial, 20 Sep, 0043-0105, upbeat pop and campo vocals some with religious themes. 0045 Ad for religious school, 0054 canned ID "...Radio Imperial, ocho cientos diez A-M", followed by live announcer with talk. Faded out by 0105 and apparently signed off sometime after that. Fair signal with occasional good peaks (S-7) and deep fades. Het from above (17835.0?). Also low growl on the signal from another apparent very close carrier. After 0105 only a single carrier was heard, minus the growl so I assumed they signed off then. Thanks to tips from George Maroti and David Hodgson (Mark Mohrmann, Coventry VT, NRD 535D, V-Beam 140m @180 deg., DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** ETHIOPIA. Luigi Cobisi of the European DX Council reports that the recent EDXC conference in Finland was a success, with 130 people attending from 16 nations. A Finnish DXer who also studied theology, Mika Pallo (not sure of spelling of his name), told how he tied his field and DXing together through a study of Radio Voice of the Gospel, the now-defunct Christian shortwave station in Ethiopia. He came to Ethiopia three years ago in search of the station's archives. This station was started by a Swedish Lutheran mission, and was given permission by the late Emperor Haile Selassie to set up facilities around 40 years ago. Radio proved to be quite important in East Africa. Although the station was evangelical, it also allowed broadcasts by the ancient Ethiopian Orthodox Church, which increased the station's standing among Ethiopians. However, after a revolution in the mid-1970s, Radio Voice of the Gospel was closed down and taken over by the local government. The transmitters are still working despite 30 years of no maintenance, and Mika fund the station's archives intact in a small building in Addis Ababa. They include many documents, photos and tapes of broadcasts, and they are now catalogued so that researchers can make use of them. Other topics discussed at the conference will be mentioned in later programs (HCJB DX Partyline Sept 14, notes by Marie Lamb for W9WZE via DXLD) ** EUROPE. DIGITAL RADIO TO COME TO EUROPEAN AM BANDS BY 2007 From http://www.electronicstimes.com By Nick Flaherty, EE Times, 19 September 2002 (1:41 p.m. GMT) A consortium of 75 European companies aims to replace current long, medium, and short-wave radio transmissions with a digital system by 2007. Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM) demonstrated its first receivers at IBC with prototype software for a PC receiver which will released to enthusiasts at the end of the year. DRM is also going ahead with production of its first consumer receiver, due to reach the market in 2004, in a venture backed by Coding Technologies, the BBC and manufacturer AFG. Hans Linkels, chairman of the DRM system evaluation group, said: "We have to make medium and short-wave more attractive so that it will survive — it is not developed to compete against anything. Digital Audio Broadcast (DAB) was developed to replace FM broadcasting, and both it and this technology could live very well together." DRM uses 10 kHz channels in the existing MW and SW bands to carry MPEG4 data and, unlike DAB, would have one radio station per channel. Such a system also has a longer range than DAB: a demonstration in Amsterdam featured a station from Canada. DRM allows data rates between 6 and 34 Kbit/s, and channels can be combined to give up to 70 Kbit/s. The channels use the AAC+ coding format which gives a stereo audio channel in 14 to 20 Kbit/s (via Mike Terry, DXLD) Duh, SW has a longer range than MW, I understand. I`ll bet they didn`t pick up a Canadian MW station in Amsterdam for this (tho of course it can be done on a DX basis) (gh, DXLD) The DRM Consortium will unveil a production-ready world-band consumer receiver, made by Coding Technologies together with the BBC and German device manufacturer AFG, and a preview version of its first publicly- available receiver, the DRM Software Radio made by Fraunhofer IIS-A, in a special preview with live transmissions at IBC 2002. At the same time, DRM will open the doors to radio enthusiasts who want to be the first non-members to access its transmissions when the DRM Software Radio Project, managed by VT Merlin Communications, begins this December. More details from http://www.drm.org (Mediazoo via Mike Terry, DXLD) ** FINLAND [non]. I'M NOT DEAD YET --- Associated Press Rome --- The Roman poet Ovid may have put it best when he said "Rident stolidi verba Latina". Fools laugh at the Latin language. Indeed, after centuries of decline and declarations of being dead, Latin as a living, spoken language is making a comeback of sorts. Take the recent scene in the mountains near Rome, where 30 Latin aficionados cavorted together, chanting odes by Horace in their original and pouring wine into a stream. Before them was their guru, Rev. Reginald Foster, a papal Latinist and a Carmelite monk from Milwaukee who was barking commands in English and Latin. Father Foster, 63, is a professor at Rome's Pontifical Gregorian University, where he takes the unusual approach of teaching Latin as a living language. He also runs a separate intense eight-week summer session for advanced students, which included the recent romp in the Roman hills at Horace's villa. While Latin has not been spoken casually for more than 1,000 years and only its grammar and literature are typically studied today, the sounds of Cicero and Virgil are resurging among an increasingly wider audience, largely because of schools like his. "I don't like certain methods, memorizing and jamming it, treating the language like a dead frog, or something like that," Father Foster said. Instead, his students learn sight reading, listening comprehension and Latin conversation. Other schools using a similar approach include the University of Louvain in Belgium, a high school in Campania, Italy, and the University of Notre Dame and the University of Kentucky in the United States. Dirk Sacre, a professor and neo-Latin expert at the University of Louvain, said spoken Latin is growing in popularity. He said an increasing number of high school teachers are signing up for courses. "I don't think there's a general tendency to say that we're talking in Latin these days in schools or universities," Mr. Sacre said. "But, it's an acceleration, certainly. Seminars are happening more and more in Europe and the U.S., and there are more and more people trying to teach Latin as a living language." He added, however, that "hostilities and repugnances" still exist among traditionalists. Among Latin fans, however, expressions slip their way into everyday conversations, said Nicholas Sylvester, an undergraduate at Harvard who studied with Father Foster this summer. "Hello" becomes "salve," "I don't know" is "nescio" and "don't worry is "ne fle" (literally, "don't cry"). Still, it isn't for everyone, and Father Foster's classes do attract a diverse group. This summer's group included Gretchen Triulzi, 62, a mother of six who decided to return to a language she loved studying as a child, and Sophie Hanina, an 18-year-old medical student from London who could not imagine being a doctor without first studying Roman epic writers. "It's the most eccentric bunch I've ever met," Mr. Sylvester said. "People are exaggerations of themselves. Think about the person who leaves their kids home, their family, their job, their lives. Think about people who come to Rome on their honeymoons to study Latin. That is the type of person in this class." For newlyweds Sarah and Patrick Miller of North Carolina, Father Foster's class was a natural culmination of their courtship. They met while studying Latin in college. Spoken Latin peaked in the second century, when the Roman empire spread from modern-day England to Iran. After the empire fell, local languages developed and then completely displaced it everywhere but in schools and universities. Although for centuries Latin found refuge in the Roman Catholic Church, its decline there began after the 1962-65 Second Vatican Council, which allowed the use of the vernacular in place of Latin in the celebration of Mass. Mr. Sylvester said that today, chatting in the language of ancient poets is "very pretentious" but that the method brings him closer to understanding the texts he wants to read. "There's no need to justify to the hoi polloi," Sylvester said. "The world wouldn't be interesting without academics." Frequently Asked Questions on Foster: http://www.latin.org/latin/foster/FAQ.html Kentucky Classics: http://www.uky.edu/AS/Classics/aestivumeng.html A brief history of spoken Latin: http://humanities.byu.edu/classes/ling450ch/reports/latin.html Copyright 2002 | Bell Globemedia Interactive Inc. (Globe & Mail Sept 18 via Bill Westenhaver, DXLD) Amazing: An article on using Latin today that DOESN'T mention Radio Finland's Nuunti Latini!! 73 (Bill Westenhaver, QC, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** FRANCE [and non]. B-02 schedule for Radio France International in Pashto and Persian: Pashto 1600-1630 6035 SNG 250 kW / 315 deg |||| new relay 11665 ISS 500 kW / 080 deg 13580 ISS 500 kW / 080 deg Persian 1800-1857 6140 DHA 250 kW / non-dir |||| new relay 7350 ISS 500 kW / 090 deg till March 1, 2003 9430 ISS 500 kW / 090 deg 11650 ISS 500 kW / 090 deg from March 2, 2003 (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 20, via DXLD; note: all Observer items in this issue concern advance info for B-02 season starting Oct. 27) SNG = Singapore; DHA = Abu Dhabi; ISS = Issoudun, France ** GUATEMALA. I received an email from the folks in Guatemala saying that a technician from TGN got the replacement capacitor that I sent via a visiting volunteer team - and installed it in the old Gates transmitter. They got back on the air yesterday morning and I heard them just after sunrise here with a pretty good signal - but dirty audio. This morning they signed on with a very nice signal and plenty of clean audio. I understand that they are only going to run at about 2.5 or 3 kW for fear that something else will break down in the old rig! (Larry Baysinger, Kentucky, Cumbre DX Sept 14 via DXLD) ** HAWAII. NARRATOR: WORLD WAR 2 MEMORABILIA - HAWAII ON SHORTWAVE Exotic Hawaii! It never fails to fascinate. If you are travelling from Asia to North America, Hawaii will give to you your first taste of the American scene. If you are travelling from North America to Asia, Hawaii will give to you your first taste, literally, of Asian culture. During the Pacific War, Hawaii played an important role in spreading shortwave programming across the Pacific. In reality, during this era, there were just three major shortwave stations in the Hawaiian islands. These were the RCA station at Kahuku (KAH-WHO-KOO), the communication station for the American navy at Pearl Harbor, and the Voice of America relay station at Maili (MAH-EE-LEE), all on the main island of Oahu. The RCA station at Kahuku on the northern edge of Oahu dates back to the year 1914, when it was established for Morse communication with California. At the time, it was described as the largest wireless station in the world. From about 1935 onwards, the RCA station was often heard on shortwave with a relay of radio programming, sometimes outward and sometimes inward. The most famous of all of these program relays was ``Hawaii Calls`` which was a live tourist broadcast from a major hotel in Waikiki. The broadcasts of ``Hawaii Calls`` usually originated with the two main mediumwave stations in Honolulu, KGMB or KGU. The relay was picked up in California and fed to a major mediumwave network for nationwide coverage in the United States. During the Pacific War, the RCA station was frequently noted in Australia and New Zealand with an onward relay of programming for the Voice of America and the Armed Forces Radio Service. Many three letter callsigns were noted, including for example:- KEQ, KHE and KRO. On one occasion, the callsign KRCA was noted with a test transmission on 6860 kHz. During the climactic years 1944 and 1945, the American navy station at Pearl Harbor, NPM, was noted occasionally with the relay of radio programming, usually for the benefit of local army stations in forward areas of the Pacific. Actually, this navy station, NPM, was on the air from three different transmitter locations on Oahu, all operated remotely from the main facility at Pearl Harbor. On Christmas Day 1944, a big new shortwave station was inaugurated at Maili as a relay station for the Voice of America. This new facilty was located in an armed forces base just off the highway on the western edge of Oahu. The 100 kW KRHO propagated a strong signal throughout the Pacific rim with its programming in English and Asian languages. Five years later a sister transmitter, KRHK, was installed at the same location. After a quarter century of service, this facility was dismantled in the year 1969. There was another shortwave station in Hawaii noted on one occasion in Hawaii. This was station WTV with a relay of AFRS programming for the famous Pacific Ocean and Mosquito Networks. Although not stated, it is probable that this was a communication station operated by the American army and diverted as a temporary program relay. Over the years, all three shortwave facilities in Hawaii have issued QSL cards. The RCA station used a generic QSL card with the callsign inserted by typewriter. The broadcasts of ``Hawaii Calls`` were acknowledged with QSL cards from both KGMB and KGU, and the card from KGU showed the shortwave service. QSL cards for the VOA station KRHO were issued in both Honolulu and Los Angeles, and the Honolulu card is these days a valuable collectors item. Station NPM has also issued its own QSL card. Currently there are two shortwave stations on the air in Hawaii. One is the chronohertz facility WWVH with its several outlets on exact frequencies and the other is the Gospel station KWHR with its two transmitters at 100 kW. Both stations verify with attractive QSL cards (Adrian Michael Peterson, AWR Wavescan Sept 15 via DXLD) ** INTERNATIONAL WATERS [and non]. A tropical storm is forming South of Cuba and Jamaica, and very soon we will be hearing the hurricane emergency amateur radio nets on the air... Try tuning to 14325 kiloHertz, the Hurricane Watch Net, and pick up part of the action, as the storm moves towards the Gulf of Mexico... Again the frequency is 14325 kiloHertz and you will be able to pick up traffic from the affected areas in case the new tropical cyclone makes landfall... One of the most interesting aspects of listening to the Hurricane Watch Net is picking up reports from yachtsmen sailing in the vicinity of the storm that provide very valuable information to the weather services. Cuba's national weather service has now an amateur radio station installed at their national headquarters with a group of highly qualified operators that will keep the station on the air all the time that an emergency will require... (Arnie Coro, RHC DXers Unlimited Sept 17 via Bob Chandler, ODXA via DXLD) ** ISRAEL. ISRAEL RADIO FOR ALL OF ISRAEL By Israel Harel [Op-ed? or editorial?] About two weeks ago, in mid-broadcast, journalists from Israel Radio burst into the studio of the current events program "Hakol dibburim" (It's All Talk) and stopped the broadcast. This was a protest action against the inclusion of Uri Dan, a close associate of Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, in the list of presenters of the program. Now, in the wake of the intention to bring three of those who burst in to disciplinary trial, the journalists are threatening to go on strike against Reshet Bet (Israel Radio's "second station"). On the principle: It is not good that a prime minister intervenes in appointments at the Israel Broadcast Authority (IBA). Who, then, will make the appointments? Simple, ostensibly: the directors of the IBA. But who appointed the people who are now in key positions in editing, presenting and every other central role? Politicians. However, as opposed to Sharon, who is from the Likud, the people who did the appointing in the past belonged to the correct political parties. When the government that caused the sharpest public debate Israel has known, the Oslo government, came into power, its education minister Shulamit Aloni decided to appoint Mordecai Kirschenbaum as director general of the IBA. A concerned citizen sent a file to the Yesha Council (the representative body of the Jewish settlers in the territories) containing articles Kirschenbaum had published in the daily newspaper Yedioth Ahronoth. "His opinions are to the left of Meretz. Prevent the appointment." Even though I did not believe that Kirschenbaum, albeit a talented journalist, would rise above his opinions, certainly in those crucial days (I was then chairman of the Yesha Council), I suggested that we refrain - and the Yesha Council does have, as it is considered to have, a certain amount of influence in this country - from taking action. The appointment, I realized, was in the framework of "the laws of nature." Kirschenbaum, who is no longer IBA director general, has been for the past two years a regular participant on political radio and television programs. He might get insulted, but his firm opinions are anathema to many listeners, and they cause reactions that are no less severe than the rash caused to listeners of a different species by Uri Dan's statements. Have IBA journalists burst into the studio of the 7:30 evening news program on Channel One, on which he has appeared countless times as a guest? Or into Reshet Bet broadcasts, on which he has also been a guest to discuss almost any political and media issue? Geula Cohen can present a spot only when alongside her there is, as a permanent balance, a partner from the left. Lawyer Yehiel Guttman, a Labor Party activist, was recently given a political spot on Israel Radio. Solo. Elie Goldschmidt, until recently a Labor Knesset member, has been allotted a program on Channel One. Now he has also won an additional program, on Channel 33. Have the journalists burst into Guttman's studio, or Goldschmidt's studios? In their day, did they burst into the studio of Hakol Dibburim when Sheli Yachimovich, ostensibly a journalist committed to the ethics of public broadcasting, made her program a political spearhead against the continued presence of the Israel Defense Forces in Lebanon, including a permanent and open microphone for the Four Mothers movement? Yachimovich, Kirschenbaum, Guttman and Goldschmidt are, after all, "professionals;" members of the brotherhood that decides what is fit to be broadcast in its realm. They are from the same cultural, political and for the most part also social environment as most of the editors, presenters, correspondents and administrative directors - who have continued, through giving slots to Guttman and Goldschmidt, to bring coals to Newcastle. Another example: "Inyan aher," Dalia Yairi's controversial current events program. After many years during which she has been expressing her own political opinions, attempts are being made, in the wake of swelling public criticism, to replace her with another presenter. But her colleagues in opinions and in profession are threatening to strike - just as they are threatening to do in the case of Uri Dan, who has been parachuted in (and they are not concerned by his lack of radiophonic qualifications), continues to be one of the presenters of Hakol Dibburim. A large part of the public attributes to public broadcasting a bias to the left. This is the reason Sharon is succeeding, despite a general outcry in the media, in increasing his influence there. The one- sidedness and the one-dimensionality of public broadcasting are the main factors in its weakness and its loss of influence. Therefore the employees of the IBA should first remove the blinders from their own eyes before they accuse the prime minister of politicizing public broadcasting. The public, in any case, does not believe in their purity of spirit (Ha`aretz Sept 19 via Bill Westenhaver, DXLD) ** ISRAEL. ISRAELI REGIONAL RADIO RESUMES BROADCASTS AFTER JAMMING BY LEBANESE STATION | Text of report by Israel radio on 20 September Voice of Israel's educational radio station, Qol Hagalil Haelyon [Voice of the Upper Galilee], is back on the air after it ceased broadcasting two months ago due to jamming by a Lebanese radio. The station has been assigned a new frequency, 106.4 FM. Our correspondent Doron Golan reports that the station is used for communications studies and to issue instructions to the population in times of emergency. The station also airs regional news programmes. Source: Voice of Israel, Jerusalem, in Hebrew 1200 gmt 20 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) ** KAZAKHSTAN [non]. 9925, Radio DAT, 1505 Sept 19. Man with long commentaries in local, many mentions of Kazakhstan, brief incidental music and identification 1515, ex 9775 (Mike Barraclough, Letchworth, UK, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Also at 0100? I think not. Sept 20 at 0110 check something is still behind VOA 9775, and 9925 is fully occupied by Croatia in English via Germany, 0114 into Spanish (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** LIBYA [non], B-02 schedule for LJB via ISS [France]: 9415 1800-1900 17695 1100-1130 11635 1800-1900 till March 1, 2003 17695 1500-1600 11635 1900-2130 17880 1700-1800 11715 1800-2030 21640 1100-1130 15220 1600-1800 21640 1500-1600 15615 1600-1900 21675 1100-1500 15660 1700-1800 21695 1000-1400 15660 1800-1900 from March 2, 2003 (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 20, via DXLD; note: all Observer items in this issue concern advance info for B-02 season starting Oct. 27) ** NETHERLANDS. Hello FRS Friends, Summer is over and that means that the Free Radio Service Holland will become active following a long period of inactivity. FRS-Holland has planned a 24 hour broadcast tomorrow Sat September 21st and Sunday September 22nd. At this moment we cannot give you the exact time of commencing trms, it will be sometime in the Saturday afternoon. FRSH will run 4 hour blocks (repeated over and over again) including FRS Magazine, FRS Golden Show, Off Beat (German) and not to forget a 60 min. FRS Goes DX edition. Enjoy it and make sure your radio is tuned to 7450 kHz/ 41 metres!! We are looking forward receiving your snailmail via our Herten maildrop. * Next broadcast is planned for October 27th when we would like to celebrate 22 years of Free Radio Service Holland. * The latest edition of the FRS Newsletter is out now. If you are interested in getting a sample copy, then send one English pound , two US dollars or two Euro to our mailing address. As a bonus you will receive the June edition for free. An annual subscription only costs 6 Euro/ 4 pounds/ 6 US dollars. * We would like to inform you that Radio Borderhunter and Radio Brigitte have moved to a new address: P.O.Box 2702, 6049 ZG Herten, the Netherlands. Have a nice weekend, 73's, on behalf of the FRS team, (Peter Verbruggen, via BDXC-UK Sept 20 via DXLD) ** NIGERIA [non]. U.K.(non): B-02 schedule for Salama Radio in Hausa/Ndebele/French/Arabic: 1900-2000 15365 SAC 250 kW / 105 deg till March 1, 2003 Sackville!! 15365 RMP 500 kW / 169 deg from March 2, 2003 Rampisham (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 20, via DXLD; note: all Observer items in this issue concern advance info for B-02 season starting Oct. 27) ** PARAGUAY [non]. I monitored the frequencies of 7300 kHz and 7370- 7375 and I found on 7300 a Russian program (I presumed that is The Voice of Turkey) and on 7374.98 I listened to Gene Scott program [Costa Rica]. 73s (Nicolás Eramo, Argentina, Sept 19, no times given, Cumbre DX via DXLD) Sobre la misteriosa Radio América de Paraguay. Esto ya parece una leyenda: emite las 24 horas segun algunas fuentes y emails de la propia emisora, pero por aqui, en paises limitrofes, nadie conocido hasta hoy la ha escuchado concretamente: ninguna señal, ni siquiera la mas minima indicando una portadora en sus frecuencias. Eso al menos, hasta hoy.... 73's GIB (Gabriel Iván Barrera, Argentina, Sept 20, Conexión Digital via DXLD) [Continues to cause consternation: GIB says despite its claims to be on the air 24 hours, no one in neighboring countries has heard anything concrete --- no signal, not even a trace of a carrier on its frequencies, so far; a `legend`] ** PERU. 3172.61 RF, 1010-1025 18 Sept., weak Latin with "música andina" on Radio Municipal frequency; no sign at 2330. R75, Drake R7, NRD 535D modified, Sony 2010 (Robert Wilkner, Margate, Florida, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** PERU. 5384.32, R. Huarmaca, 1023, Sept 19th, Folk music between announcer's comments in Spanish. ID given at 1023 and 1025. Good signal strength and modulation (David Hodgson, TN, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** PERU. Hello guys, I got a very nice QSL by email - have been looking for this one since many years! (Tor-Henrik Ekblom, Esbo, Finland, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Tacna, Perú 5 de Setiembre 2002 Señor Tor-Henrik Ekblom Esbo - Finlandia [original was ALL CAPS:] Estimado amigo oyente, recibí su atenta carta via e-mail y con gran satisfacción debo comunicarle que los datos consignados son correctos por lo que le comfirmo su sintonía efectuada en la fecha indicada; a esas horas emitimos programa informativo deportivo pero ese día fue suspendido por programa especial con los contenidos que nos escribe. Nuestra señal en baja porque nuestra potencia es muy baja, solo 200 watts; imagino que la otra emisora de Brasil emite con mucho más potencia en la misma frecuencia, de alli la interferencia; de igual forma me informan desde Argentina. Agradecido por su amable reportaje. Tenemos varios amigos oyentes en Finlandia que nos remiten sus cartas y le respondemos ahora via e-mail solamente por ser más práctico, rápido y económico. Saludos cordiales. (Ing. Alfonso Cáceres, Gerente de operaciones, RADIO TACNA, Tacna, Perú via Ekblom, Esbo 18 Sep, DXLD) i.e. on 9505v ** POLAND [non]. Dear Glenn, In your DXLD 2-145 you have a comprehensive article on Radio Maryja. The schedule mentioned there and on their quoted website is, however, wrong. At present they are on 15455 kHz 0500-0715 UT Mon-Sat and 0600-0800 Sat + 1400-1700 on 12010 kHz and 1700-2200 on 7380 kHz. They have ID with (correct) frequency info in Polish and English at the start and end of each transmission (Erik Køie, Copenhagen, Sept 19, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** RUSSIA. In order to prevent any misunderstanding caused by fake HFCC data: the reported transmitter on 6160 kHz is located in (near) Arkhangel`sk and is run with 40 kW (2 x 20 kW). It carries Radio Rossii and the regional programs from GTRK "Pomorye" from Arkhangel`sk (Bernd Trutenau, Lithuania, Sept 18, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** SAMOA AMERICAN. WDJD: Vickie Haleck vickiehaleck@hotmail.com is interested in reports for WDJD and wrote in August: ``We have been getting reports from different people about getting us on 576 in their cars, some 580 around the island and some on 585, and we are having our engineers looking into the matter. We are broadcasting 24 hours. Greetings and Talofa from American Samoa`` (Sept NZ DX Times via DXLD) What is there to look into? They are transmitting on 580, as previously reported. If someone has a car radio set to 9 kHz steps, it would display one of the adjacent frequencies, unable to tune exactly to 580; however, the reason for dispensing with its authorised frequency 585 was to put it on the more common 10-kHz spacing in American cars (gh, DXLD) ** SEALAND. --- In RadioAnoraksUk@y..., "andrew_yeates" wrote: This evening the London edition of the BBC TV programmme 'Inside Out' featured Sealand: http://www.bbc.co.uk/london/insideldn/insideout/vote.shtml If you missed the report, it can be seen via this link: http://www.bbc.co.uk/london/realmedia/insideout/insideout.ram (Mike Terry, BDXC-UK via DXLD) It`s the first 9:20 of the 31-minute programme; may not be available for long, or are previous programmmes archived? (gh, DXLD) ** SOUTH AFRICA. 567, Cape Talk is my only local daytime MW station, but only comes in on the DX 1 Pro and not my portables. The station is supposed to be 50 kW, but often I suspect it is a lot less. I am surprised you [Rocco Controneo in Rio de Janeiro] get R. 702, the sister station to 567 Cape Talk, as although it is a full strength 100 kW station, it has a very effective curtain [sic] antenna that beams South. So although 567 Cape Talk is only 200 kilometers away, the R. 702 station comes in much more clearly and powerfully in the evening, even though it is some 1400 kilometers distant. Whilst these two stations are sisters, they carry separate programming - all talk show format, but at night the programming is sometimes the same. R. Islam is going strong on 1548 from its near Johannesburg transmitter site, and regretfully blocks R. St. Helena and Capital R. London, which I used to enjoy before R. Islam blocked them. R. Today on 1485 is an interesting station, run and owned by a group of aged retired broadcasters. The format is some talk and lots of "golden oldies" type music in English. Incidentally, I seldom get any MW catches other than Brazil from South America, and these mainly come in with the greyline just before sunrise. If conditions are good though, I can also sometimes get Brazilian MW in the evenings at around your sunset at 2100 UT. (John Plimmer, MONTAGU. Western Cape Province, Republic of SOUTH AFRICA, Sept 18, mwdx yahoogroups via DXLD) ** SOUTH AFRICA. SABC UNABLE TO AFFORD BROADCSTS IN ALL OFFICIAL LANGUAGES | Text of report by South African news agency SAPA via AllAfrica.com The SA Broadcasting Corporation [SABC] would not be able to remain economically sustainable if it fulfilled its constitutional requirements to broadcast in all official languages, the SABC board's financial head Peter Matlare said on Tuesday. Matlare was speaking during an SABC presentation to the Portfolio Committee on Communications on amendments to the broadcasting bill. Among the many difficulties the SABC had with the amendments was the proposed provision of regional television stations by the Department of Communication. He said that although the SABC supported any measures that would provide services in languages that had been marginalized, the move would have severe implications for the SABC. "While we aware of our responsibilities in terms of the constitution, it would be almost impossible to provides services in all languages and remain economically stable at the same time," he said. Among the problems the SABC had were constitutional concerns, the financial viability of regional stations, and how they would be funded. He said he could not comment fully on regional stations because a detailed feasibility study had not been carried out. "However at this stage we have some initial concerns about the impact the move will have on the viability of the SABC," he said. The SABC's constitutional concerns were addressed by Matthew Chaskalson who told the committee that the establishment of regional stations would require huge infrastructure development and start-up financing. He said the provisions in the bill on regional stations could by struck down by the Constitutional Court resulting in huge losses to the SABC. Committee chairman Nat Kekana, said he could not see how the establishment of regional stations would conflict with the constitution because the provision of services in all official languages was contained in the founding clauses of the constitution. The executive chairman of the Freedom of Expression Institute, Jane Duncan, told the commission in her submission to the committee, that she was concerned the bill would undermine the accountability and the independence of the SABC board, She said both were crucial for the operation of the broadcaster. "The two are a package deal. You can't have accountability without independence and you can't have independence without accountability," she said. She also proposed that the public service broadcaster element of the SABC should be relieved of all advertising. "This will free up advertising for the commercial stations who were in need of more income," she said. Referring to the establishment of regional stations, she said there had been rumours that SABC3 was due to be privatized. "If this is so, then I cannot understand why they would want to set up new stations while disposing of an existing one," she said. Kekane said he knew nothing about the privatization of the channel and thought it was no more than a rumour. Source: SAPA news agency, Johannesburg, in English 18 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) COSATU TO MARCH ON SABC OFFICES; URGES MEDIA "TRANSFORMATION" | Text of report by South African news agency SAPA web site Johannesburg, 19 September: The Congress of SA Trade Unions will march to SABC [South African Broadcasting Corporation] offices around the country on Heritage Day, Cosatu Secretary-General Zwelinzima Vavi said on Thursday [19 September]. "We will also march to the offices of City Press and Media24 in Auckland Park to hand over a memorandum calling for the broader transformation of the entire journalistic media in South Africa," Vavi told a press conference in Johannesburg. He accused the City Press newspaper of gutter journalism and said the SABC failed dismally to deliver on its cultural, language and human dignity mandate. "It is our belief that the SABC is not adhering to the spirit or even the letter of its charter." He said Cosatu chose Heritage Day (next week Tuesday) to stage the march because the working class and African society was not served by the public broadcaster. "We felt that our heritage as a working class, African society was not being served by our publicly owned broadcaster which does not set an example for private, profit-driven media institutions." Cosatu would demand better coverage of labour from the SABC, the promotion of the cultures, values, ethics and norms of African people and would call for an end to the massive broadcasting of Western programmes on television. Source: SAPA news agency web site, Johannesburg, in English 1030 gmt 19 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) ** SRI LANKA. 9770, SLBC heard with All Asia service September 20th, fair on clear channel, news bulletin to 1512 then programme of early 60s pop music to closing announcement 1530, Hindi religious style chanting, anthem and off 1536 (Mike Barraclough, Letchworth, UK, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** SUDAN [non]. CLANDESTINE from UK to SUDAN. 21550, Millennium Voice. I read with great interest a recent Observer report that this one had left the air. It took a few days to reach him by phone, but a source at the Voice of Eritrea newspaper in Germany says that the station is still on the air, albeit on a reduced schedule. He claimed that they are just on Mondays and Fridays now from 1330-1430, instead of daily as before. This one can be tough in the USA with co-channel Christian Voz so any help in confirming this would be appreciated (Hans Johnson, Sep 19, Cumbre DX via DXLD) 21550 Millenium Voice, Sawt al-Qarn Heard September 20th opening 1330 with identifications including one in English, Koran recitation, lady in Arabic with transmission details, email address, incidental music and into commentaries in Arabic. Weak to fair with fading on clear channel. Reported Mondays and Fridays only now per Voice of Eritrea newspaper via Hans Johnson, Cumbre DX (Mike Barraclough, Letchworth, UK, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** SUDAN [non]. U.K.(non): B-02 schedule for Millennium Voice in Arabic: 1330-1430 21550 Woofferton 250 kW / 140 deg ||||| Mon/Fri only, ex Daily (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 20, via DXLD; note: all Observer items in this issue concern advance info for B-02 season starting Oct. 27, tho some may already be in effect) Millennium Voice heard opening at 1330 on Friday Sept. 20th on 21550. Clear English ID then into Arabic language programming (N. R. Green, Blackpool, England, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** SWEDEN. RADIO SWEDEN -- Coming up on Radio Sweden: Thursday: "HeartBeat" looks at sensors for emotional touch and the Superwoman syndrome Friday: Our weekly review Saturday: In "Spectrum" international film meeting in Öland Sunday: "Sounds Nordic" (SCDX/MediaScan Sept 18 via DXLD) ** TAIWAN [non]. FRANCE(non): B-02 schedule for Radio Taipei International in French: 2200-2300 12060 ISS 500 kW / 190 deg (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 20, via DXLD; note: all Observer items in this issue concern advance info for B-02 season starting Oct. 27) ** TIBET [?]. Report is in to Holy Tibet for 1100 UT English broadcast on 9490. Signals have improved with the season. But WRTH lists this frequency as Xi`an; does anybody know the transmitter QTH for sure? 73, (John Cobb, Roswell, GA, Sept 18, DX LISTENING DIGEST) PWBR `2002` says it is Baoji; HFCC site list shows: BJI Baoji CHN 34N30 107E10, which is just west of Xi`an and well outside Tibet, but no China listings at all on 9490, a `traditional` Tibet frequency for sesquidecades. Of course due to skip distances, it makes some sense to site higher `domestic` frequencies for Xizang outside it, not to mention maintaining control over them in case of insurrexion (gh, WORLD OF RADIO 1148, DXLD) ** TIBET [non]. B-02 schedule for Voice of Tibet in Tibetan and Mandarin Chinese: 1215-1300 15400 TAC 100 kW / 130 deg Tashkent 15645 DB 100 kW / 117 deg Dushanbe 15655 DB 100 kW / 115 deg Dushanbe 15680 A-A 100 kW / 132 deg Almaty 1430-1515 11975 TAC 100 kW / 130 deg Tashkent (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 20, via DXLD; note: all Observer items in this issue concern advance info for B-02 season starting Oct. 27) ** UNITED NATIONS [non]. U S A(non): B-02 schedule for United Nations Radio via MERLIN transmitters (Mon to Fri) with kW, azimuths: Arabic French 1830-1845 9850 RMP 500 / 115 1700-1715 7170 MEY 100 / 076 13775 SKN 300 / 180 17595 SKN 300 / 180 21535 MEY 500 / 342 English Portuguese 1730-1745 7170 MEY 100 / 005 1715-1720 21535 MEY 500 / 342 15495 SKN 300 / 125 1725-1730 7170 MEY 100 / 005 17580 ASC 250 / 065 [Rampisham, UK; Skelton UK; Meyerton, South Africa; Ascension Island] 73 from (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 20, via DXLD; note: all Observer items in this issue concern advance info for B-02 season starting Oct. 27) ** U S A. VINTAGE 1AW QSL BRINGS RECORD PRICE OF $2,125 !!! From http://www.arrl.org/ (where this a photo) Sep 18, 2002 We're not certain if ARRL co-founder and first president Hiram Percy Maxim would have been proud or surprised to know that one of his old 1AW QSLs apparently set a price record for the sale of a single QSL card. A 1923-vintage HPM 1AW card recently went for $2125 on the eBay auction site. Neither the seller nor the buyer have been identified, but ARRL member Paul Cassel, VE3SY, of Petersburg, Ontario, Canada, acted as the sale agent and posted the card on the auction site. "The winning bidder is in California and is a very serious QSL collector," he said after the auction closed. Cassel pledged to donate half of his sale commission to the W1AW Endowment Fund. The 1AW card appears to verify reception of 9CTR on a wavelength of 193 meters rather than a two-way contact. "You were calling another 9," Maxim wrote in the card's "Remarks" section. Although the card proclaims "American Radio Relay League Station 1AW" across the top, the now-famous call sign was Maxim's own personal call sign at the time, not the League's, and Maxim operated from his home on Hartford. Until the 1AW card sale, Cassel says the highest known price paid for a single QSL card was more than $1100 for an AC4YN QSL from the Tibet DXpedition of Sir Evan Nepean, G5YN, who died last March at age 92 (via Mike Terry, DXLD) ** U S A. Dear Glenn, WJIE has had some transmitter problems with a recent storm, but new updates should have the facility up and running full strength again 9/20. We plan to have Transmitter 2 up and running as well by the end of the month on 13.595 MHz. Thanks for your service to the shortwave community (Doc Burkhart, WJIE Shortwave, Sept 20, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A. 50mhz topica reflector: About two weeks ago, I was searching for the MUF during a band opening on a Sunday night and ran across a very strong short-wave broadcasters third harmonic on 45.990 MHz. I found their fundamental frequency to be 15.330 MHz. Tonight (Sunday, 16 Sept, 2002) at 0244 Z until their carrier dropped at 0300 Z, I copied this same station again. They were broadcasting in Spanish and S9 + on their fundamental frequency of 15.330 MHz and about S6 on their third harmonic at 45.990 MHz. This time I got their ID several times and identified them at Radio Martí, a USA mainland based series of stations broadcasting to Cuba on several SWBC frequencies, including 15.330 from Greenville, N.C. and on 1180 kHz in the medium wave band from Marathon, Florida. According to their frequency chart at: http://www.ibb.gov/marti.frec.html The 15.330 MHz frequency is used for only two hours per week on Sunday nights from 1700-1800 EST [sic] and 1800-1900 EST which fits the time window that I have now heard them two times. [no, it doesn`t...] To me these are not problems but another tool to check MUF/radio conditions, but, due their limited on the air time on this frequency, it severely limits its use for that. If anyone reads this who lives within ground-wave range of Greenville, NC, please give a listen next Sunday night and re-confirm what I have heard, as I can only hear it when the band is open. The receiver used is an Icom 756 PRO II. 73, Sam Neal N5AF EM-20 50 miles North of Houston, Texas ----- Visit the Six Club web page at: http://6mt.com/club.htm (via Wayne Heinen, CO, DXLD) Au Contraire; the schedule allegedly updated daily at http://sds.his.com:4000/fmds_z/schedules/cur_freqsked.txt shows greater usage, every day, of 15330, from Delano, not Greenville: 15330 0000 0300 OCB LARM SPAN DL 01 100 15330 2200 2400 OCB LARM SPAN DL 01 100 (Glenn Hauser, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A. RADIO AND TV MARTÍ BROADCAST MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL TO CUBA Washington, D.C., September 10, 2002-- The Office of Cuba Broadcasting (OCB), which operates Radio and TV Martí, is broadcasting select baseball games to Cuba for the remainder of the 2002 season under an agreement with Major League Baseball. Already, Radio Martí`s listeners have heard play-by-play coverage in Spanish of several games, including match-ups between the Texas Rangers and the New York Yankees. The agreement gives OCB the right to broadcast two games a week over Radio Martí, as well as the division and league championships and the World Series. TV Martí will broadcast the division and league championships, the World Series and a weekly program known as ``A Taste of Baseball,`` or ``Sabor a Béisbol.`` Kenneth Y. Tomlinson, chairman of the Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG), which oversees all U.S. international, nonmilitary broadcasting, praised the agreement. ``It`s good news for the Cuban people. It`s good news for Americans,`` he said, adding, ``I`m sure President Bush could not be more pleased.`` Bush was a former managing general partner of the Texas Rangers. ``We are extremely excited to provide Major League Baseball programming to Cuba,`` said Paul Archey, Senior Vice President of Major League Baseball International. ``Cuba has a great passion for baseball and we believe that expanded exposure to Major League Baseball will only heighten that level of passion.`` Salvador Lew, OCB`s director, said the broadcasts are ``another major step in providing our audience in Cuba with news and events that are denied them by the Cuban government`s state-controlled media.`` He noted that baseball is the most popular sport in Cuba. In 1999, Major League Baseball and the Cuban Institute of Sports, Physical Education, and Recreation staged two historic exhibition games between the Baltimore Orioles and the Cuban National Team. The Baltimore Orioles traveled to Havana to play the first exhibition game on March 28, 1999, which marked the first time a Major League Baseball team had played a game in Cuba in 40 years. The Cuban National team visited Baltimore for a rematch against the Orioles on May 3, 1999. Eleven Major League teams have Spanish language feeds. For cases in which a Spanish language version of a game is not available, Radio and TV Martí will use an English language feed from which to dub a Spanish language broadcast (BBG Sept 10 press release, Sept 20 via DXLD) ** U S A. PANGLOBAL WIRELESS COMING TO WBCQ! Perhaps you heard the original pirate broadcasts of the mid-1990's. Maybe you were there when TTN pulled the plug on a rebroadcast of the "Sloppy Sex Extravaganza" on PanGlobal Wireless. Or maybe you don't know what on Earth I'm talking about. Anyway, you'll get an experience unique to broadcast listening if you tune in to WBCQ - The Planet on shortwave! Premières 27 September 2002. Fridays: 2100-2130 UT on 7.415 MHz, Saturdays at 1900 UT on 17.495 MHz Tune in to the music, commentary, bad Spanish and worse comedy! Hey, it's a half hour...what have you got to lose? PanGlobal Wireless is not the pirate broadcast of days gone by; we've simply stolen the name because we liked the show. Honest. Really. Sh-h-h! Don't tell Allan H. Weiner what we're up to! (Paul at Secret Studio, Sep 18, rec.radio.broadcasting via Mike Terry, DXLD) ** U S A [non]. RADIO FREE EUROPE CZECH BRANCH TO END BROADCASTING ON 30 SEPTEMBER | Excerpt from report in English by Czech news agency CTK Prague, 19 September: The Radio Svobodna Evropa (RSE), the Czech version of the RFE/RL, will definitively end its broadcasting after 52 years on 30 September since the US council of governors for foreign broadcasting refused its further financing, RFE Czech desk head Olga Kopecka told CTK today. The date was already announced by Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) head Thomas Dine in July. He said the USA needed money to extend broadcasting to other countries in connection with its fight against terrorism... The United States paid 650,000 dollars (19.5m Czech korunas) annually for the Czech broadcasting, while the public Czech Radio 6 station provided the equipment, frequency and broadcasting time... Source: CTK news agency, Prague, in English 1617 gmt 19 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) ** U S A. 660 (KTNN) AZ, Window Rock. This has been off for at least a week (Bill Nittler, Mancos CO, undated!, IRCA Sept 21 Soft DX Monitor, Sept 19 via DXLD) ** U S A. 1260 KVSF - SANTA FE, NM KTRC; 1400 KTRC - SANTA FE, NM KVSF. 1260 KTRC - SANTA FE, NM TALK; 1400 KVSF - SANTA FE, NM TRAD. C&W - ABC (NZ DX Times Sept via DXLD) I.e. these two have swapped calls; why bother? (gh, DXLD) ** U S A. I too have doubts about AM in the long run. The real issue is that even without IBOC, most AMs are coverage crippled, and cannot compete even with other AMs that have better signals. Take a market like San Diego. Only 2 AMs really cover the entire county, which is the metro. And KOGO uses an FM repeater to cover NE SD County better. The rest of the AMs are going to continue to slide and eventually, some will go away or find other sues... maybe datacasting. Ding ding ding ding ding! We have a winner! David, perhaps inadvertently, has tipped the industry's hand here: so much of the fight to make TV and now radio digital is not about the "main channel" programming. It's all about whatever data can ride the stream as well. From the dawn of the DTV conversion, station owners and networks have had stars in their eyes about the riches to be made from leasing out some of their data stream into the home. That's 6 MHz per station, and I'm not yet seeing much in the way of a viable business model for DTV datacasting. Will 10 kHz worth of bandwidth, in a frequency band highly subject to atmospheric and man- made interference and unpredictable propagation effects ("DX: it's a bug, not a feature") and requiring very large, land-gobbling antennas, be any more relevant for datacasting than they would be as "unusable" audio services? My crystal ball isn't too optimistic... -s (Scott Fybush, NY) Well if Clear Channel knows as much about AM radio as they say ...why then did they start dropping the stereo operations of most of their AM stations? Even though the receivers are not out there in huge numbers, if it helps make the station sound BETTER, then why defeat it? (same goal as digital right?..better sound?..that`s what I thought too!) Now with the talk of IBOC...the mass interference generator that it will be is only taking us back to the early days of radio. The analog will be met with a narrow sound, the digital more than likely will have a hard time keeping up coverage wise compared to the analog signal. All of this for what? CD quality sound? ...stick with fixing the content on the stations... ....satellite fed radio stations just doesn`t cut it. I can tune in at least 5 easily receivable stations that carry Rush, Neal Boortz, The Savage Nation, Art Bell, various Jones satellite music networks and I could go on and on ...but back before this age of radio, you didn`t have that to worry, you had something DIFFERENT on all stations. Each station had its own personality which made that station a strong part of its community. Today, that just isn`t anywhere close to being any of that. Digital is suppose to save radio? Yeah, right and we are going to be taking a ride on the next UFO to planet Zorto where life is just perfect and dandy! {Oh me!... too much Art Bell!} (Bob Carter, Operations/ Engineering, WGAI-NewsRadio 560 AM Stereo, AM Stereo Radio list moderator----- amstereoradio-subcribe@topica.com KC4QLP Amateur Radio Skywarn monitor-AKQ-Wakefield Va http:// www.kc4qlp.cjb.net Your memories don't go far enough back. Up into the 50's, nearly all radio of interest came through national networks, and was the same all over the country. National radio programs or formats should be looked at no differently than TV and cable. Cable is almost 100% national, TV is about 90% national. Most TV stations do nothing local except for news and Public Affairs shows. CCU dropped AM stereo for the same reason many of the rest of us did. When I pulled it from the HBC AM's in the 1995-1997 period, it was because very few of our listeners and potential ones had AM stereo receivers, very few would likely have them, and the harm AM stereo did in the nulls of our stations was not worth the risk. When we took CQUAM off KTNQ, in the next book we had considerable listening in ZIP codes to the East of the array, where we had none previously. It also removed a piece of equipment that was unnecessary from the "failure chain" at the transmitter (David Gleason, CA; all: NRC-AM circa Sept 15 via DXLD) ** U S A. I believe WTOP may be testing IBOC again tonight... at any rate, I have an angry buzz on 1510 that seems to be minimized when I null WTOP. Check it out... (Barry McLarnon, Ont., Sept 19, NRC-AM via DXLD) Re noise heard on 1510: Check out this recent article: http://www.rwonline.com/reference-room/iboc/04_rw_iboc.shtml It says, among other things, "Ibiquity planned to use WTOP(AM) in Washington to test the impact of a digital signal on local stations at night." The WLW tests are also mentioned. It would be nice to get a schedule for the tests, but somehow I doubt if that will be forthcoming. :-) (Barry McLarnon, Ont., Sept. 18, NRC-AM via DXLD) WTOP-1500 IBOC buzz definitely being heard on 1495 and 1510 and especially 1515 at 2355 EDT here in Central NY. RX=Sony ICF 2010 w/low noise longwire antenna. It sounds similar to what WLW iboc on 700 side-bands. It definitely was interfering with the 1510 stations in the NE (Fred Nordquist, Sept 19, ibid.) [However, several others who checked did not hear any such noise] ** U S A. "Save Internet Radio" From eworldwire.com FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE WEBCASTERS` LAST MINUTE APPEAL TO CONGRESS - ``Save Internet Radio`` St. Louis, MO/EWORLDWIRE/September 18, 2002 --- Just 4 weeks prior to the first payment of a sound performance royalty fee by nonsubscription Internet Radio Stations, a united group of webcasters will visit Congress this week (Sept. 19-20) to ask for immediate Congressional help for relief from this excessive royalty fee. Webcasters will be asking their representatives to support the Internet Radio Fairness Act (IRFA), which was introduced by Rep. Rick Boucher (D-VA), Rep. Jay Inslee (D-WA), and George Nethercutt (R-WA), in an effort to protect smaller webcasters from unfair royalty obligations arrived at through a process which excluded their participation. The royalty fees were determined by a June 20, 2002 decision by the Library of Congress* implementing provisions of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998. The DMCA required the payment of fees for sound recordings played on the Internet since its adoption, although the rate of such payment was unknown until the June 20 decision. The October 20 payment is for four years of back royalties covering the period from October 1998 until August 31 of this year. The rates established for Internet use of sound recordings has been consistently decried by webcasters as being far too high in comparison to royalties that have traditionally been paid to songwriters. In many cases, the new royalties will be as much as 3 times more than the total revenues earned by certain independent commercial webcasters. One recent report from Jupiter Research predicted that the rate would lead to Internet radio becoming dominated by news, talk and sports stations, as music programming would be prohibitive because of the high sound performancy royalty. A recent BRS Media report (09/12/02) shows that nearly one third (31%) of US webcasters have already closed their doors since the sound performance rate was announced, and for the first time ever, there were more foreign webcasters than US webcasters. ``Without immediate relief – before the October 20 payment deadline – most of the US small webcasters will have to either close down their businesses or severely curtail their operations,`` said Mike Roe, President of IO Media Partners, owner of Internet radio station radioio. ``If most US small webcasters have to close or cut back on their operations, it opens the way for a very few large corporations that can afford to subsidize their internet operations and for foreign webcasters to own the Internet Radio market. We don`t think this is what Congress intended when they passed the Digital Millenium Copyright Act in 1998.`` ``We think that passage of the Internet Radio Fairness Act is essential at this point,`` declared Gary Dobek, from Digitally Imported Radio. ``The musical diversity of US webcasters, and the free access to that diversity, will pretty much disappear if Congress doesn`t respond immediately to support the Act.`` *Determination of Reasonable Rates and Terms for the Digital Performance of Sound Recordings and Ephemeral Recordings; Final Rule, 67 Fed. Reg. 45240 (July 8, 2002) (to be codified at 37 C.F.R. pt. 261) (``Final Order``). CONTACT: Jim Atkinson, Media Contact, 3WK, 5217 Lansdowne, St. Louis, MO 63109. PHONE: 314.481.4711. FAX: 314.481.4000. EMAIL: jim@3wk.com (via Mike Terry, DXLD) ** U S A. Re NY Times story about Louisiana, et al: "Religious and Public Stations Battle for Share of Radio Dial" ::: This doesn't just affect NPR. College radio stations will also be flooded out by more powerful religious signals. College radio listeners tend to be off-campus, either in outlying dorms or in nearby communities. The problem can't be solved with just a "full-power license". The area covered is a strong function of both effective radiated power and antenna height. That may mean building a new transmitter facility at a more strategic (and higher-rent) location. "Effective" radiated power requires a sophisticated antenna system to focus the power at the horizon over the target area. These antennas are rather large for 3- meter wavelengths in the FM band. Going head to head with another station also means larger electric bills -- over $6,000 per yr. per 10 kW added. All of this cost comes out of educational content, for stations barely able to subsist as it is. The problem is not just that Congress 'stepped on' public radio by passing this new law. The FCC proposed that law to Congress, because of 'new thinking' at the FCC. Until very recently, the FCC was supposed to MINIMIZE interference between stations, by not licensing the same frequency twice in the same geographical area. Channel space has always been scarce, but the solution was to auction channel space -- or for potential station owners to buy each other out. The only thing that's different today is the variety of content available to educational stations, versus the desire to hype religion from every tower -- even though the SAME religious messages are readily available on local cable, local commercial radio stations, and local commercial TV stations. Many local broadcasters have turned to religious audiences to replace listeners lost to cable. The original FCC policy (of avoiding interference) was actually developed for AM radio, and for AM video signals. When AM signals interfere, even weakly, the result is a piercing howl (or in the case of TV, visible heterodyne). Early FM signals were also vulnerable to interference. Most receivers built since the 80's, however, lock on to the stronger FM signal and ignore the weaker one, using what are called phase-locked loops. This same principle applies to narrow-band FM signals used by most police and fire depts. -- the stronger signal dominates completely. That's especially true in the UHF bands, since UHF follows line-of-sight, and doesn't cause problems over the horizon. There are several reasons NOT to allow competing signals on the 'regular' FM band. Unlike the UHF bands, FM signals travel over the horizon somewhat, and are more subject to atmospheric reflection, causing problems farther away. When stations compete, uneven coverage is exacerbated -- whether caused by uneven terrain or by intervening objects. A listener may hear 'the wrong station' as planes fly over or as trucks pass by. The FCC and Congress aren't worried about what that will do to lower- power NPR and college-radio stations -- the tacit assumption being that public radio will be forced off the air, and cease to be a political problem. It's also a case of "wattage talks, content walks." Until fairly recently, the FCC could also weigh "operation in the public interest", i.e. how much a proposed licensee (or class of licensee) could contribute to the public good, through variety of educational content, or pursuant to informed democracy. College stations, obviously, could contribute a great deal educationally. Another rationale was also that academic speech couldn't be excluded from the dial merely to favor commercial-speech brokers able to bankroll a higher wattage. The FCC has long sought a way to avoid value-judgments on whether diverse educational programming is 'valuable enough' for a protected place on the dial, compared to, say, a plethora of carbon-copy religious stations. The FCC's role is fast-changing, because the real future is seen in new technologies. Cell phones for example 'channel hop' as needed. Packet-switched radio networks accommodate several users on the same frequency. Spread-spectrum devices of competing brands can all share the SAME bandwidth, spreading their individual signals across many channels. (While traditional superheterodyne radios modulated a simple sine wave, this is not technically necessary. The carrier wave can be anything -- including a broad-band signal that sounds like faint noise without a matching demodulation.) The FCC is now happily licensing spread-spectrum devices such as personal radios -- with the caveat that the user and manufacturer agree to "accept any interference" caused by other devices. If several people in the same building use spread-spectrum devices, the better devices are smart enough to route around each other's signal. At first glance, spread-spectrum SEEMS like a magical eventual cure for crowded airwaves, but it's not. Finite bandwidth is still finite. While some spread-spectrum LANs are blazingly fast for example, performance decays and range decreases as the bands become crowded, and the background noise increases, making it hard for such devices to receive each other accurately. The FCC has also been talking up "Internet appliance" -- including wireless 'radios' supporting delivery-on-demand of music, video, gamies and whatnot. These supposedly will replace both radios and PCs, and have the commercially desirable feature of taking control away from the user, and giving it to the vendor -- who can then control how often a song or game is played, bill in realtime etc. There's just one problem, and that's lack of wireless bandwidth. The tacit assumption is that bandwidth-hungry "Internet appliances" will simply make content with a fiber-optic network, via matchbox-sized cell nodes as common as phone outlets in today's buildings. The only problem with that rosy future is that many cable companies lied like rugs about how soon they'd wire the country for 2-way digital cable, IF municipalities would only grant exclusive franchises, which they did. Customers ended up getting one-way "broadband" cable, with the assurance that the high prices they were paying would go to improve the network -- somewhere else where the franchise wars were hot. So it seems that the FCC, and Congress, are throwing away the future of public radio, on the vision of new wireless technologies that are still vaporware. The message is in essence "We don't care what educational networks people have built -- we're forcing a new paradigm on everyone through the Miracle of Social Engineering", driven by the vast arrogance of Congress. There's also been a political shift between Congress and the FCC. The power to protect public radio was also the power to protect public morals, and the power to require equal time for opposing political viewpoints. The Supreme Court has largely eliminated the FCC's powers of content control, while wired networks bypassed the FCC's power over the airwaves. The result has been a push to use purely objective criteria in granting licenses. A maximally powerful station is thus "better" at serving a wider area, regardless of what it serves up. There's also a growing belief among religious empire-builders that the public doesn't really NEED diverse educational offerings and liberal arts. In a post-9-11 world, the public need learn only to hate foreigners, be willing to kill foreigners, and to understand that a world war is necessary to defend Our Religion against the Great Satan The futility of World War III is irrelevant, because Jesus will come in the nick of time to exalt those with blood on their hands. If that's said often enough, on enough stations drowning out skeptical voices, people might even believe it. Jim Kutz (South Shore Skeptics) Newsgroups: bit.listserv.skeptic, rec.radio.broadcasting (via Mike Terry, DXLD) ** U S A [non]. U.K.(non): B-02 schedule for WYFR via MERLIN txs: 1400-1500 15520 DHA 500 kW / 085 deg Hindi UAE 1500-1700 15520 DHA 500 kW / 085 deg English UAE 1700-1800 21680 ASC 250 kW / 085 deg English Ascension 1700-1900 9595 WOF 250 kW / 070 deg Russian Woofferton, UK 1900-2000 9590 WOF 250 kW / 114 deg Arabic Woofferton, UK 2000-2100 15195 ASC 250 kW / 065 deg English Ascension (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 20, via DXLD; note: all Observer items in this issue concern advance info for B-02 season starting Oct. 27) ** URUGUAY. 6155, Banda Oriental, Sarandí del Yí, Dpto. de Durazno, is active: *0140 Sept 17. Opening ID by YL: "A partir de este momento inicia su transmisión CWA155, Banda Oriental, en la frecuencia de 6155 kilohertz con estudios en calle Sarandí 328, Sarandí del Yi, Durazno, Uruguay, código postal 97100, correo electrónico norasan, arroba, adinet. com. uy", followed by folk music. Another ID: "En la frecuencia de 6155 khz, desde Sarandí del Yí, Durazno, Uruguay, estamos transmitiendo a través de la banda de 49 metros, en 6.155 khz, Banda Oriental, desde Sarandí del Yí, Durazno, Uruguay, con nuestros estudios en calle Sarandí 328, Sarandí del Yí, Durazno, Uruguay, código postal 97-100. Nuestro correo electrónico es norasan@adinet.com.uy -- compartiendo nuestro encuentro con la música folklórica de nuestro país, Uruguay, con todos Uds. que nos están sintonizando a través de la banda de 49 metros" (Horacio Nigro, Uruguay, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** VIETNAM [non]. RUSSIA(non): B-02 schedule for Voice of Khmer Krom Radio in Khmer: 1400-1500 11560 Vladivostok 250 kW / 230 deg ||||| Tue only (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 20, via DXLD; note: all Observer items in this issue concern advance info for B-02 season starting Oct. 27) ** YUGOSLAVIA. RADIO YUGOSLAVIA TO RESUME SHORTWAVE BROADCASTS Radio Yugoslavia has announced that it is to resume its shortwave broadcasts after a long suspension during which its programmes were only available on the Internet. Following an agreement between the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Ministerial Council of Bosnia- Herzegovina, the Central Regulatory Agency for Communications (CRA) has issued a long-term permit to Radio Yugoslavia to broadcast its programmes again via its shortwave transmitter site in Bijeljina, Bosnia-Herzegovina. The date of resumption has not yet been announced (© Radio Netherlands Media Network 18 September 2002 via WORLD OF RADIO 1148, DXLD) UNIDENTIFIED. 4050. For last two weeks or so, I have heard a station on 4050 during UT late afternoons (best 1700-1800). Program is pop music (local, Russian and EE) and I have not managed to hear any announcements. They sign-off around 1800 without any id. 4010//4795 has different program. This used to be Kyrgyz frequency in the past. Anyone heard proper ID of this 4050 outlet? (Jari Savolainen, Kuusankoski, Finland, Sept 18, dxing.info via DXLD) UNIDENTIFIED. 17837v. First noted last spring and still hearing this weak station which fades in around 1500 or so on 17835v and slowly drifts up at the rate of about 300 or 400 Hz per hour. Is audible for several hours and usually has news by female announcer at top of hour. Still there at 2000 UT. Can't pull out ID or language. Is nobody else hearing this? Am also hearing the [El Salvador?] het on 17833.2, no audio yet. This is different from the 17837v unID (John Wilkins, CO, 9/18, Drake R-8, 100-foot random wire, Cumbre DX via DXLD) +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ PROPAGATION Forecast of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 18 September - 14 October 2002 Solar activity is expected to be low to moderate. Activity is expected to be at moderate levels through 21 September, due to the Region 105/114 complex. Continued moderate conditions may accompany the return of old Region 95 (N08, L=061) after 23 September. A slight chance for a proton event exists in association with any significant flare activity from the Region 105/114 complex, until it rotates beyond the west limb on 21 September. The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geo-synchronous orbit may remain at event thresholds on 18 September, due to the coronal hole effects of the past few days. Recurring electron events are possible on 02-03 October and 09-10 October, due to expected rotation of persistent coronal holes. The geomagnetic field may reach active levels on 19-20 September, in response to potential transient effects from recent CME activity observed on 17-18 September. Quiet to unsettled conditions are expected for most of the remaining forecast period, with the possibility of isolated active conditions on 01-02 October and 08-09 October in response to recurrent coronal hole effects. :Product: 27-day Space Weather Outlook Table 27DO.txt :Issued: 2002 Sep 17 2211 UTC # Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Environment Center # Product description and SEC contact on the Web # http://www.sec.noaa.gov/wwire.html # # 27-day Space Weather Outlook Table # Issued 2002 Sep 17 # # UTC Radio Flux Planetary Largest # Date 10.7 cm A Index Kp Index 2002 Sep 18 180 12 3 2002 Sep 19 175 15 3 2002 Sep 20 165 12 3 2002 Sep 21 155 12 3 2002 Sep 22 150 10 3 2002 Sep 23 145 8 3 2002 Sep 24 150 8 3 2002 Sep 25 150 10 3 2002 Sep 26 160 10 3 2002 Sep 27 165 10 3 2002 Sep 28 170 8 3 2002 Sep 29 170 10 3 2002 Sep 30 170 12 3 2002 Oct 01 170 12 3 2002 Oct 02 170 10 3 2002 Oct 03 175 10 3 2002 Oct 04 175 8 3 2002 Oct 05 185 8 3 2002 Oct 06 195 8 3 2002 Oct 07 195 8 3 2002 Oct 08 195 10 3 2002 Oct 09 195 12 3 2002 Oct 10 195 10 3 2002 Oct 11 195 8 3 2002 Oct 12 185 8 3 2002 Oct 13 185 8 3 2002 Oct 14 185 10 3 (from http://www.sec.noaa.gov/radio via WORLD OF RADIO 1148, DXLD) ### |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| DX LISTENING DIGEST 2-146, September 17, 2002 edited by Glenn Hauser, wghauser@hotmail.com Items from DXLD may be reproduced and re-reproduced only if full credit be maintained at all stages and we be provided exchange copies. DXLD may not be reposted in its entirety without permission. Materials taken from Arctic or originating from Olle Alm and not having a commercial copyright are exempt from all restrictions of noncommercial, noncopyrighted reusage except for full credits HTML version of this issue will be posted afterwards at http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldtd02.html For restrixions and searchable 2002 contents archive see http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldmid.html NOTE: If you are a regular reader of DXLD, and a source of DX news but have not been sending it directly to us, please consider yourself obligated to do so. Thanks, Glenn WORLD OF RADIO 1147: BROADCASTS ON WWCR: Wed 0930 9475 BROADCASTS ON RFPI: Wed 0700 on 7445, 15038.7; webcasts also Sun 1830, Mon 1230, Wed 1300 ONDEMAND http://www.wrn.org/ondemand/worldofradio.html (DOWNLOAD) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1147.rm (STREAM) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1147.ram (SUMMARY) http://www.worldofradio.com/wor1147.html WORLD OF RADIO 1148: FIRST AIRINGS ON WBCQ: Wed 2200 on 7415, 17495; Mon 0415 on 7415 FIRST AIRINGS ON WWCR: Thu 2030 on 15825, Sat 0530, Sun 0230 on 5070 FIRST AIRINGS ON RFPI: Sat 0130, 0730 on 7445, 15038.7 ** AFGHANISTAN. INFORMATION RADIO CONTINUES TO BROADCAST ON 8700 KHZ By Takuya Hirayama, CRW Japan Bureau on assignment in Kabul [Sep 15] Information Radio, the U.S. Psyop operation launched during the first days of the American military intervention in Afghanistan last year, continues to broadcast on 8700 kHz in AM mode. Its current schedule appears to be from mid-afternoon until late at night Kabul time. Reception of the station in Kabul is stable but not as strong as had been expected. Reception is actually much better in Islamabad, Pakistan. The medium wave frequency, 864 kHz, also appears to be active, however, our monitoring has only detected a carrier wave and no sound. Recent reports that Information Radio also uses 6100 kHz cannot yet be confirmed. Nothing is audible on that frequency in Kabul (T. Hirayama, Japan/Afghanistan, Sep 15, 2002 for Clandestine Radio Watch via DXLD) ** AFGHANISTAN? 6100, Information Radio? 16 Sept 1617 is heard under very low signal, just S2 and also very low audio with music. 8700, Psyops still in the band, 16 Sept 1621 with songs but very low nearly marginal level (Zacharias Liangas, Thessaloniki, Greece, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** AFGHANISTAN [non]. Current tests from Tajikistan on 801 kHz, i.e. to Afghanistan rather than in Afghanistan. 801 kHz is not an Afghan frequency, but "belongs" to Tajikistan in the ITU Geneva MW Plan. This frequency was used by a transmitter in Orzu in southern Tajikistan with Moscow R 1, until it was closed in the early 1990s. The Geneva Plan limits the power to 200 kW; it is unknown what power was used for R 1, or what power will be used after a reactivation now (Bernd Trutenau, Lithuania, Sept 10, Sept 18 BC-DX Sep 17 via DXLD) ** ANGOLA [non]. Radio Eclésia konnte gestern (10.09.02) zwischen 1955 und 2000 UT s/off auf der QRG 7205 kHz mit O=3 in Portugiesisch gehört werden. Klare ID um 1959. Zum Sendeschluss ein wohlbekanntes Klavier-thema, ehe die BBC in Mazedonisch (?) den Kanal lautstark uebernimmt. Bei Glenn Hauser wurde über einen Tippfehler gemunkelt. Die von Kathy Otto gemachte Angabe ist somit richtig (H. Pammer, Austria, Sep 11, 2002 in A-DX via CRW via DXLD) ** ARGENTINA. 2379.58, (presumed), LRA15, Radio Nacional de Tucumán, (harmonic 2 x 1190), 14 Sep, 0938-1001, Spanish talk with news program mentioning "...Lo Diario del País.." Report from the United Nations from a "Radio Nacional Córdoba" correspondent. 0945 time check, more reports from various correspondents. 1000 signal faded. Time pips, but no ID heard. Overall fair to good signal (Mark Mohrmann, Coventry, VT, DX LISTENING DIGEST) NRD 535D, V-Beam 140m @180 deg. "VT-DX": http://www.sover.net/~hackmohr/ ** AUSTRALIA. The Radio Australia station at Shepparton, Victoria, continues to experience technical difficulties due to the very old equipment still in use. During the early morning period, two of the transmitters operate in parallel on 7240 and 6080 kHz from 1800 until 2100 UT. Unfortunately, a strong spurious radiation is produced on 4920 kHz in the 60 metre tropical band due to the harmonic signal from 7240 kHz mixing with 6080 kHz. This spurious signal causes interference to All India Radio and China National Radio, both of which are operating on the same channel, 4920 kHz. This signal has been monitored right across Australia and into Asia.(Bob Padula, AWR Wavescan Sept 15 via DXLD) ** BELARUS`. 3355, R Mayak / Golos Rossii, 16 Sept 1853, talks by man in Russian something that seems as news. Music at 1858 with man IDing as Golos Rossii. Again at 1900 with ID ``R. Kompania Golos Rossii``. Mode DSB with signal S2-3. Good only in SSB!! (Zacharias Liangas, Thessaloniki, Greece, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** BELIZE. Hi Glenn: The IBB relay near Punta Gorda, Belize, ceased operation 15 September at 0500 UT. It consisted of two 100-kilowatt medium wave transmitters operating on 1530 and 1580 kHz. It was used for VOA Spanish and English (News Now) to Central American and southern Mexico. There was also a low power FM transmitter at the site, which relayed VOA News Now. 73 (Kim Elliott, VOA, Sept 17, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Tnx for the news. Any word on why it ceased? What will become of the facility? Dismantle and move transmitters somewhere else? Sale? I recall they were trying to rent it out. No takers? 73, Glenn ** BHUTAN. QSL letter and separate colorful QSL Card from Bhutan Broadcasting Service Corporation, verified reception June 8th on 5025 kHz 50 kW, dated on June 17th, 2002, shows their website address as: http://www.bbs.com.bt V/s is station engineer Dorji Wangchuk, at P. O. Box 101, Thimphu, Bhutan. Tel +975 [0]2 323071, 323072, 322866, 322533. Fax Tel +975 [0]2 323073 (Christoph Ratzer, Austria, OE2CRM, BC-DX Sep 16 via DXLD) ** BRAZIL. 3205.00, Rádio Ribeirão Preto, 16 Sep, 2304-2330, good signal with Portuguese talk, interviews and reports. Announcer with "...Rádio Ribeirão Preto..." ID in passing at 2327 (Mark Mohrmann, Coventry, VT, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** BURMA [non]. Democratic Voice of Burma: Due to poor propagation in downunder winter, 9500 kHz signal suffered in the Myanmar target. Now music tests occurred on 12090, and 15620 kHz on other days of the week. The latter frequency - estimated - for regular usage in S-02/D- 02 / or B-02 season til March 2003. 12090 - sooo, nooooo new type of 'Chinese Music Jamming' (W. Bueschel, Germany, Sep 8, 2002 in DXplorer-ML via CRW via DXLD) ** CANADA. CBC previews for Wednesday, Sept 18: DISPATCHES: Los Evangélicos, a documentary from Guatemala. There's a reformation underway across in Latin America. It's the work of thousands of North American fundamentalist missionaries and millions of evangelical converts from Catholicism. That's on Dispatches, with host Rick MacInnes-Rae, tonight at 7:30 (8 NT) on CBC Radio One. [2230 in AT/NT zone, +1/2/3/4 hours in westward zones; also on RCI at 2330] (CBC Hotsheet via gh, DXLD) ** CANADA. CBC AIMS TO IMPROVE THE QUALITY OF ITS FRENCH Radio-Canada, the French language division of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, has announced the creation of a Working Group on Language Quality. The Working Group's mission will be to consider the quality of the French spoken and written on the Première Chaîne, the Chaîne Culturelle and Radio-Canada's Websites. The Group will submit recommendations to guarantee excellence and maintain the standards of French on the air. It should deliver its final report in March 2003. The Working Group will be made up of a number of senior Radio-Canada journalists as well as other communications and French- language professionals. Sylvain Lafrance, CBC Vice-President of French Radio and New Media, said that "the creation of a working group on the French language is essential for Radio-Canada. Indeed, this is one of the responsibilities of public radio to Francophones throughout the country - that is, to ensure that the quality of the language used on the air and the Internet remains exceptional." (© Radio Netherlands Media Network 17 September 2002 via DXLD) ** CHINA [non]. Re: ``CLANDESTINE from RUSSIA to CHINA. 6035 Falun Dafa station reported on this new frequency at 2100-2200 // 9945 (Hans Johnson, Sept 13, Cumbre DX via DXLD) By whom? (DXLD 15 Sept)`` I tuned to 6035 at this time Monday evening (16 Sep) and heard "Zheli shi Hanguo Guangbo Diantai", which in English means "This is Radio Korea". For quite some time before 2100 the station also played its IS with interspersed IDs in Korean and English in addition to Chinese. Maybe this is what the anonymous reporter above heard? (Olle Alm, Sweden, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** CONGO DR. 9550, R. Okapi, QSL-card received from Fondation Hirondelle in Switzerland in 5-1/2 months for copy of report and CD sent to them covering March reception. Has logos of R. Okapi and FH and FH handstamp, full-data (though time not filled in and frequency looks like 1550 rather than 9550); FH logo on back (Jerry Berg, MA, DXplorer Sep 16 via BC-DX via DXLD) RADIO OKAPI JOURNALIST ARRESTED The authorities of the Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC) in Gbadolite have arrested a journalist working for Radio Okapi, the UN's radio network in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Franklin Moliba- Sese was initially detained last Friday, and is due to appear before the prosecutor. The MLC authorities criticised Radio Okapi after it broadcast a report last Thursday on the unsatisfactory living conditions of child soldiers waiting to be demobilised in Gbadolite. A spokesman for the UN Mission (MONUC) said that UN Special Representative Amos Namanga Ngongi has been trying to obtain the immediate release of the journalist through contact with the President of the MLC, Jean-Pierre Bemba. The UN argues that as an employee of MONUC, Franklin Moliba-Sese is entitled to diplomatic immunity. (© Radio Netherlands Media Network 17 September 2002 via DXLD) ** COSTA RICA. RFPI`s 15th anniversary Fiesta on the Air, early UT Sept 17, took fewer calls than usual, but presented some insight from staff, including excerpts of Interactive Radio Shows. James Latham told of his depression and self-doubts, especially in the past few months as funding has diminished in the wake of 9/11. He was feeling sorry for himself, and the relatively low wages RFPI staff get, $600 a month; he`s still driving his old Toyota with bald tires, no spare and 500 kilomiles on it. He was thinking about going back to the States to make a decent living as a broadcast engineer. Until he came upon Lacarpio, a shantytown where refugees from Nicaragua live with much less in a hellish situation. His own home in the country is small by American standards, like a trailer. But then he decided to keep going with RFPI, grateful for his blessings, and does what he can to help the residents of Lacarpio. Joe Bernard arrived in Costa Rica 11 years ago with nothing but a backpack containing some toilet paper (rumored to be lacking), intending to return to the US shortly. Now after many years of service at RFPI, Joe is going home to Oregon in October, due to family commitments, but would like to return to CR some day and perhaps be buried in the RFPI back lot. He will, however, remain part of RFPI, operating the North American office, and helping with internet. Since when anyone had a question, the solution was to ``Ask Joe``, he`ll probably be busy e-mailing assistance back and forth. The staff at RFPI have given up a lot --- the careers they would have had in the States, social security, etc., but the annual Fiesta, contact with listeners and supporters, revitalizes them (gh`s summary of comments on the Fiesta, for DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** CUBA. 2360.00, Radio Rebelde, Villa Maria (harmonic 2 x 1180), 14 Sep, 0927, Spanish talk // 710 and 1180. Very weak. 2840.0, Radio Rebelde, (harmonic 4 x 710) 14 Sep, 1010, Spanish talk // 2360, 3550 and 4970 (Mark Mohrmann, Coventry, VT, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** CYPRUS. Hi Glenn, Apparently Radio Sawa has moved as planned to 990 kHz ex-981. Their Web site has been updated. 73, (Andy Sennitt, Holland, Sept 17, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Hello Glenn, Upon request to IBB I have received this answer in an email: "The 981/ 990 kHz transmitter is registered with the ITU by Cyprus and operates at a power level of 600 kW. Very Best - George Moore" Best 73s (Ydun Ritz, Denmark, Sept 17, DX LISTENING DIGEST) [and non]. Hello, just my 0,02 EUR on this topic: The Radio Sawa move from 981 to 990 should be hardly a technical problem; elsewhere mediumwave antennas are used to operate channels much further away from the design frequency of the antenna. Three examples from Germany: Braunschweig/Königslutter 630 (100 kW) uses a mast designed for 548, Wilsdruff 1431 (250 kW) uses a mast designed for 1043, and at Burg a mediumwave mast was even used for 263/261 as substitute for the collapsed longwave mast. And, by the way, it remains to be seen for which frequency the antenna in question is actually designed, provided that this is indeed not a new but an already existing antenna. Regards, (Kai Ludwig, Germany, Sept 17, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** CYPRUS. What some of you have experienced on 18 MHz seems to be the British OTHR ("Over The Horizon Radar") on the Island of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Since 16 years it causes severe interference also on exclusive amateur radio frequencies. It is operated by the Royal Air Force and is located on the sovereign base area Akrotiri. The giant antenna site is an ancient salt lake surrounded by the Mediterranean sea on three sides. This OTHR gives the British Forces the possibility to monitor troup movement and air traffic and gives deep sight into focal countries of the Middle East and northern Africa like Turkey, Kurdistan, Aserbaidschan, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, Iraq, Sudan etc. DK2OM has analyzed the OTHR signal and found out that it consists of a broad spectrum of pulses separated by exactly 25Hz. The whole spectrum is switched off every 200mS and again switched on after 1 to 30mS. This break is used for evaluation of the reflected signals. There is no legal grounds against this OTHR, because the Radio Regulations of the ITU clearly state that the member countries have total freedom concerning all radio applications of their armies. In July last year soldiers of the 12. Royal Signals Unit started to erect a new 190m high antenna mast and the residents got really angry (rightly so !) because their houses are only about 2Km away and they fear for their health. The riots ended with 40 British Policemen and many more demonstrators wounded, the material damage was estimated at 170,000 US$. This information is based on an article by Ulrich Bihlmayer, DJ9KR, in the May 2002 issue of the German amateur radio magazine "funk". On http://myweb.tiscali.co.uk/rdnronald/ you can find information on the work of the IARU Monitoring System in combating abuse of the amateur bands. Send protest notes to the British Government to stop the OTHR on Cyprus! 73 (Karl, DJ5IL, via Mike Terry, BDXC-UK via DXLD) ** DENMARK. DANISH BROADCAST JOURNALISTS' STRIKE ENDS | Text of report by Danish radio web site on 16 September From today Danes can again see and hear the daily news broadcasts and magazines on DR [Danmarks Radio - national public-service broadcaster]. The approx. 900 journalists at DR have resumed work after a firm majority voted 'yes' to a new agreement on Saturday [14 September]. Seventy-six per cent voted 'yes' and the percentage who voted was 65. TV-avisen [television news bulletin] and Deadline [television news bulletin] on DR 2 are back on Monday evening [16 September]. DR Nyheder Online [news website] and teletext news will also be updated normally from Monday. Source: Danmarks Radio web site, Copenhagen, in Danish 0703 gmt 16 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) ** DOMINICAN REPUBLIC. 2700.09, Ondas del Yura, Bonao, (harmonic 2 x 1350), 14 Sep, 0954, Bachata music, 1006 canned ID "...Ondas del Yura..." Steady, fair signal with heavy utility station QRM from above (Mark Mohrmann, Coventry, VT, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** EL SALVADOR? When I first tuned in 17833.16 at 2310 UT, I detected not only the "usual" carrier I've had here in the past, but also a ballad with male vocals, but the audio was distorted. Language sounded like Spanish, but it was hard to tell. LSB or LSB plus sync was required, as there's QRM from 17835 kHz. Some more ballads were heard, but then I had to leave the house. I'm now back (2347 UT) and the signal has severely degraded, but something is still there. I'd like to think I'm hearing El Salvador, but since I can only receive it on one antenna, and the audio just doesn't quite sound right, it could be a mixing product or spur. Is anyone else hearing this, particularly those of you down South? (George Maroti, NY, Sept 17, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** FERNANDO DE NORONHA [and non]. 14 REGATA OCEÂNICA INTERNACIONAL RECIFE - FERNANDO DE NORONHA D I P L O M A Comemorativo A Federação Pernambuca de Radioamadorismo - LABRE PE - estará ativada com o indicativo de PY7AA, participando deste evento comemorativo a nivel internacional, juntamente com o Cabanga Iate Clube de Pernambuco, em Recife-PE, local onde serão instaladas as Estações de Rádio. Início: 18 de Setembro de 2002 às 15:00 hs UTC Término: 22 de Setembro de 2002 às 15:00 hs UTC. Bandas: VHF, UHF, 10, 11, 15, 20 e 40 metros. Frequências: 146.880 (Linkadas - Repetidoras do Grupo Corape), 439.850 (Linkada com a Internet), 28.430, 27.605 LSB, 21.275, 14.275, 7.055 e CW nas frequências internacionais de DX. Cartão de QSL: Via direta para: Av.Agamenon Magalhães, 2945 CEP 50050-290 ou Caixa Postal 1043 CEP 50001-970 RECIFE - PE - BRAZIL ou Via Birô. Diploma Comemorativo: Todos os participantes que confirmarem o contato, receberão um lindo Diploma Comemorativo do evento. Clubes de Dexismo e de Radioamadores que confirmarem o contato, receberão um lindo Troféu acompanhado de um Diploma Comemorativo. Radioescuta SWL, que confirmarem por Relatório de Recepção ou QSL receberão um lindo Diploma Comemorativo. 73, (Irapuan Macedo - PY7IM, Diretor de Divulgação da LABRE PE, Recife - PE - BRAZIL, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** FIJI. INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING FROM FIJI! Unfortunately it's not available on shortwave, but Fiji now has a de facto international broadcasting service on the Internet. Namaste Fiji, a weekly programme for expatriate Fijians, has launched on http://www.Fijivillage.com --- part of the Communications Fiji Limited group, which also includes radio stations Navtarang, FM96, Viti FM, and Legend. It's the only subscription-based website operating out of Fiji. Access currently costs US$35 per year. Namaste Fiji is presented by broadcasters from Radio Navtarang. The station's Programme Director Anirudh Diwakar said: "What's special about this show is that it caters specifically for an international audience. People living overseas will be able to interact or get involved with Namaste Fiji, by sending dedications, birthday calls and other thoughts via the net, so it's really an international radio from Fiji crossing national boundaries." (© Radio Netherlands Media Network 17 September 2002 via DXLD) ** INDONESIA. 3266.47, RRI Gorontalo with good signal peaking at about 1030 Sept 16 and firm "RRI Gorontalo" identification. They played pipe music at 1025 and call to prayer at 1058. 3905, RRI Merauke, with powerful signal but not in the clear as New Ireland building in the background, 0836 September 14th (David Norrie, DXing from home and Musick Point, golf course car park Auckland, NZ, AOR 7030, Cumbredx mailing list via DXLD) ** KAZAKHSTAN [non]. Radio DAT reply. Radio Dat heard on 9775. It`s not actually a QSL – just e-mail letter in reply to my e-mail report, in 3 days. That's what they wrote: Dear Igor! Thank you for your big letter. Usually they (=DXers, IZ) simply ask for a QSL, and that`s all. To our greatest pity, the cost of our transmitter (around 1000 kWt) doesn't allow us to send cards. As you know, we offer our time for all real opposition parties/ movements and for everybody who`s ardent to fight against the fascist regime of Nazarbayev and his jackals. At the moment, the external intelligence of Kazakhstan started a hunt upon our radio station and all our supporters; that`s why we can't send the views from our windows. Possibly, in the future, we`ll send the pictures to all who supported us in hard times. With respect, Radio DAT. The e mail: info@datradio.com Yours, (Igor Zhurkin, Pravdinskiy, Moscow reg., Russia, Sept 18, dxing.info via DXLD) ** KYRGYZSTAN. Ms. Baima Sutenova, the Vice President of the Kyrgyz State TV and R Corporation, has been v/s for a number of QSLs in recent years. Her email address is: meerim2002@netmail.kg (Bernd Trutenau, Lithuania, BC-DX Sep 14 via DXLD) ** LAOS [non]. Re the 17540 ULMD report, this webpage was referenced, more about Cambodia, actually, and with no reference to radio, FWIW: http://www.wccpd.org/activity/act23.html Struggle For Democracy In Cambodia Statement delivered at the United Lao Movement for Democracy of Minnesota Conference on Human Rights Violation, Chemical Welfare, Killings Fields, and Restoration of Democracy in Laos Washington, DC - March 18, 1999 By PekThov Tan, Member of the Board World Cambodian Congress (WCC) for Peace and Development... (via CRW via DXLD) ** LIBERIA. 5100, Liberian Communications Network; 2339-2402*, 17-Sep; M with African news to 2342 then sked; said will be on at 7 AM. 2343 Rap & reggae tunes. LCN ID and brief closing announcement at 2401. All in English. Strong RTTY QRM in AM, use USB, SIO=333; better close to 2400 (Harold Frodge, MI, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** MALI. Bamako again, on 7284.4 kHz noted at 0915-0950 f/out Sept 10 airing Vernacular programming with tribal songs. 15331. And as to their best daytime outlet, 9635 kHz, noted at a critical (propagation wise) time of 1122-1324 airing Vernacular programming with tribal songs, talks. Best received via the K9AY loop so as avoid some QRN but also very much thanks to the NRD545 noise filter, which, however, makes readability rather strange and even hard, yet quite enough to clearly ID the station. 25242. On many other occasions though, such noise filter behaves in such a way that it's easier to follow the station mixed w/ noise than via the device (Carlos Gonçalves, Portugal, BC-DX Sep 14 via DXLD) Heard in Germany on 9634.95 on Sep 8th at s-on around 0806 (BC-DX ed.) ** MOZAMBIQUE. Visited some African radio webpages today. There used to be both mediumwave and shortwave columns, so at least some people could separate. But also the newest schedule does not contain a short wave column (Thorsten Hallmann, Münster, Germany, Sept 17, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** NAMIBIA. Visited some african radio webpages today. Some remarks. http://www.nbc.com.na/index.htm is still "under construction" but http://www.nbc.com.na/index.html is the startpage for a more or less complete homepage including a map of solar transmitter sites. SW schedule is outdated (Thorsten Hallmann, Münster, Germany, Sept 17, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** NEPAL. Sep 15 R Nepal 5005 signed off at 1715 (for some weeks they used to sign off at 1545). Parallel 6100 was also audible until 1700 (then VOA qrm from 6105). I guess 6100 also signed off at 1715. Also Sep 16 5005 sign off was at 1715. Poor propagation, did not hear them on 6100. There was carrier on 6100.0 with bits of audio. Also another carrier on 6100.2 but no audio heard (Jari Savolainen, Kuusankoski, Finland, DX LISTENING DIGEST) The other maybe being Afghanistan? q.v. (gh, DXLD) ** NIGERIA. Hi Glenn, visited some african radio webpages today. some remarks. http://www.voiceofnigeria.org is both updated and outdated. The program schedule seems to be correct and lasting until December. The frequency schedule is updated, admitting that 11770 is not active but giving old sign-off for 15120: it's closing at 1200 currently (Thorsten Hallmann, Münster, Germany, Sept 17, DX LISTENING DIGEST) imturningpacifistuntilelectiondaychancellorland ** NIGERIA [non ]. 15250, Salama radio, 16 Sept 1924, man with religious topics in presumed Hausa. At 1929 with ID by YL giving program times (8 pm in English) with address in Nigeria. ``Tune in again tomorrow evening``. Religious themes in English after 1830. Signal S9+10 or 44444. On 17/9 with a spiritual song after a religious talks at 1845, then with theme ``in what do you glory`` (Zacharias Liangas, Thessaloniki, Greece, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** PARAGUAY. 9737.1, R Nacional, 0948 Sept 17, sounded like news commentary, including short clips of Dubbya on Saddam/Iraq translated into Spanish. Male & female announcers alternating. Poor-fair signal. (Paul Ormandy, New Zealand, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** PERU. 5009.62, R. Altura, good with lively DJ, numerous IDs and football like "Perúúúú....", 1004 September 16th (David Norrie, DXing from home and Musick Point, golf course car park Auckland, NZ, AOR 7030, Cumbredx mailing list via DXLD) ** PERU. 4834.92, (presumed), Radio Marañón, 17 Sep, 0921-1002, a very strong carrier here for the past week with apparently undermodulated weak audio coming through occaisionally. This morning Spanish talk and an Andean vocal. I haven't seen them logged since last spring when they had a booming signal. Is anyone down south hearing them well? (Mark Mohrmann, Coventry, VT, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** RUSSIA. Re report of Arkhangel`sk on 6160: scheduled as Murmansk: 6160 0100-2100 to zone 19, MUR 20 kW at 335 degrees towards Norwegian Sea/Atlantic Ocean (Wolfgang Bueschel, Sept 18 BCDX, Sept 17 via DXLD) ** RUSSIA: Voice of Russia A-02 schedule (September 1 - October 27, 2002): 0000-0100 Spanish 12060 11750 11510 9965 9890 9860 9830 9480 9470 7330 7180 0100-0200 English 17595 12000 11825* 9725 7180 Russian 21755 17690 17660 15455 12060 11750 9480 7300 648 Spanish 11510 9965 9945 9890 9860 9830 9470 7330 0200-0300 English 17660 17595 12000 9725 7180 Russian 21755 17690 17650 15455 12060 11750 9480 7330 7300 1215 0300-0400 English 17690 17660 17650 15455 12000 11750 7180 1548 603 Russian 1215 0400-0500 English 17690 17660 17650 15455 12000 11750 7180 1548 603 0500-0600 English 21790 17795 17685 17635 1548 1323 603 0600-0700 English 21790 17795 17685 17635 15490 1323 603 0700-0800 English 17795 17685 17675 17635 17525 17495 15490 1323 1251 603 0800-0900 English 17795 17685 17675 17635 17525 17495 15490 1251 603 0900-1000 German 15455 7330 1386 1323 1215 603 1000-1100 Chinese 15605 15470 9480 9470 7400 5940 5905 1251 801 585 Korean 13640 12055 12000 9875 7490U 7330 7315 648 1000-1200 German 1386 1323 1215 603 1100-1200 Chinese 15605 15470 12000 11755 9480 9470 7400 7330 7315 5940 5905 1251 1080 801 648 585 1200-1300 Chinese 11755 9480 9470 1251 585 Japanese 7490U 7340 7330 5905 720 630 Korean 12000 7400 7315 648 Russian 15560 15470 13720 11870 11640 9920 9745 9495 7390 1143 Urdu 17570 15550 15460 11500 Vietnamese 17645 12055 603 1200-1230 Mongolian 15315 5940 1080 801 1200-1400 Pashto/Dari17675 15510 12015 9800 4975 4965 4940 972 648 1230-1300 Mongolian 15315 5940 4850 1080 801 209 1300-1400 Chinese 15605 11755 9480 9470 7315 801 585 Hindi 17570 15460 11500 1269 Japanese 7390 7340 5905 720 630 Russian 17645 15560 15470 11640 9745 9495 1323 1215 999 603 Russian 9920 9735 7370 7330 1251 1143 "Sodruzhestvo" 1400-1500 English 17645 15560 12055 9745 7390 1386 1323 1251 Russian 11830 9920 9495 9735 7370 7315 603 "Sodruzhestvo" Turkish 15540 11985 7325 1170 Urdu 15510 15460 11500 972 1400-1600 Persian 12015 9875 9835 9360 7305 648 1500-1530 Albanian 12060 12040 12000 9470 English 11985 11500 7390 7325 4975 4965 4940 1494 Hindi 15460 11720 9865 9745 972 1500-1600 German 11980 9810 9480 7440 7330 7300 1386 1323 1215 603 Russian 17580 12005 7350 till Sep.28 Russian 12005 7350 7130 from Sep.29 Russian 15540 11830 9495 7370 7315 1314 1170 603 "Sodruzhestvo" 1530-1600 Bengali 17570 15460 11870 11720 9865 9745 English 11985 11500 7390 7325 4975 4965 4940 1494 972 1530-1700 Serbian 12040 12000 9470 1548 936 1600-1700 Arabic 12030 12015 11745 9835 9710 9360 7325 7305 1314 1170 English 15540 11985 7350 1494 648 French 12035 11870 11510 9890 9810 9745 9480 German 11980 7440 7330 7300 1386 1323 1215 603 Romanian 15350 9490 999 Russian 11830 9875 9495 7370 7315 1143 1089 972 "Sodruzhestvo" 1700-1730 Arabic 12030 11745 9710 9360 7305 1314 1170 Finnish 9820 7360 1494 Mon-Fri French 12035 11870 11630 9890 9810 1700-1745 Hungarian 15350 12020 7400 1700-1800 Bulgarian 12000 9490 6000 1467 936 English 11985 11675 11510 9820^ 9775 9745 7360^ 7310 1494^ 1269 1251 648 German 11980 7440 7350 7330 1386 1323 1215 603 Italian 12040 11920 9470 1548 Polish 12010 11930 1143 Russian 9480 7300 5950 Russian 15540 12055 9875 9495 9450 7370 7315 1278 648 "Sodruzhestvo" 1730-1800 Arabic 15595 12030 11745 9710 9360 7305 1314 1170 French 12035 11870 11630 9890 9810 7320 Norwegian 9820 7360 1494 Tue/Thu Swedish 9820 7360 1494 Mon/Wed/Fri 1745-1830 Czech 15350 12020 7400 1800-1830 Arabic 12030 11745 9835 9710 9360 7305 1314 1170 1800-1900 English 11870 9820 9775 9745 9480 7360 7310 7300 1494 French 11930 11630 9890 9810 7390 7350 7320 German 11980 7440 7330 1386 1323 1215 603 Greek 12065 12040 11985 9490 6000 5950 1467 936 Russian 12055 9450 7370 1278 1143 "Sodruzhestvo" 1830-1900 Arabic 15595 12030 11745 9835 9710 9360 7305 1314 1170 Slovak 15350 12020 7400 1900-2000 Bulgarian 6000 1467 936 English 15735 9820 9775 7440 7360 7350 7330 7310 1386 French 11980 11930 11630 9890 7390 7320 1323 Russian 15350 12055 12040 12020 9480 9450 7370 5950 1215 1089 603 2000-2030 Portuguese 9480 7440 2000-2100 English 15735 11980 9820 9775 7360 7350 7330 1494 1386 1323 Russian 12055 9470 7390 7370 7310 5950 1215 1143 1089 999 603 2000-2015 Serbian 6000 2015-2130 Serbian 6000 1548 2030-2100 Spanish 9480 7440 2100-2130 French 9450* 2100-2200 Russian 1386 1323 612 "Sodruzhestvo" 2300-2400 Portuguese 12060 11510 9965 9890 9860 9470 7330 * via Santa Mariya di Galeria ^ Sat/Sun 73 from (Ivo and Angel!, Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 17 via DXLD) ** RWANDA. The antenna farm of Deutsche Welle Kigali-RRW relay site is under renewal at present. Modernization project takes place til May 2003 (FUNK magazine, Sep 2002 via BC-DX via DXLD) So some scheduled broadcasts will not be heard? (gh, DXLD) ** SIERRA LEONE. Radio UNAMSIL confirmed my report sent to them directly on May 17th by a personal and detailed letter. The answer was postmarked UN New York. v/s Sheila Dallas, Station manager and Executive Producer. Address: UNAMSIL Headquarters, Mammy Yoko, P.O.Box 5, Free Town, Sierra Leone. They say they have received around 100 reports from around the world (Harald Kuhl, Germany, DXplorer Sep 16 via BC-DX via DXLD) ** SOUTH AFRICA. "SHOWDOWN" SAID LOOMING BETWEEN GOVERNMENT, STATE BROADCASTER | Excerpt from article Jeremy Michaels entitled "SABC fighting for its independence" published by South African newspaper The Star on 17 September A massive showdown is looming between the SABC [South African Broadcasting Corporation] and the government over the independence of the public broadcaster. Communications Minister Ivy Matsepe-Casaburri said yesterday that while she did not want to turn the SABC into a government propaganda machine, she was determined to hold the public broadcaster's journalists accountable for what they did. But the SABC has warned that the government's apparent bid to control its policies on news and programming, amongst others, is unconstitutional. "I find this lack of accountability problematic. I will fight this to the end," Matsepe-Casaburri said in an interview with Independent Newspapers yesterday. The government merely wanted to ensure that the public got accurate information from the SABC, not to make it "a mouthpiece of the government", she told the portfolio committee on communications. The new Broadcasting Amendment Bill removes a clause guaranteeing the SABC's editorial independence and has new clauses that will force the SABC board to seek ministerial approval of its editorial policies. In a written submission to parliament, the SABC charges that the government is trying to "eliminate" the SABC's freedom of expression by deleting the clause in the current law. The deletion of the clause was "a matter of grave concern to the SABC" as it raised questions about whether parliament intended to eliminate the freedoms and values which were "essential to the robust functioning of a public broadcaster in our constitutional democracy". The proposed change was "an attempt to fundamentally change the structures of control and management of the SABC" by effectively relegating the role of the current board to "one of mere policy making", instead of control over the public broadcaster... Source: The Star, Johannesburg, in English 17 Sep 02 p 1 (via BBCM via DXLD) DOMINANCE OF ENGLISH IN STATE BROADCASTER "UNACCEPTABLE" - PARLIAMENT | Text of report by South African news agency SAPA web site It was unacceptable that 70 per cent of public broadcasting was in English, Nat Kekana, the chairman of parliament's communications portfolio committee said on Monday [16 September]. Speaking during briefings on the Broadcasting Amendment Bill, he said the SA Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) had to change this bias. "Eight years down the line (since the 1994 democratic election) it is very clear that the three (SABC television) channels are not able to provide for all languages. And we need to change this," he said. Pan South African Language Board (Pansalb) CEO Cynthia Marivate said research by the organization had found that the dominance of English in broadcasting had led to "deprivation" of the country's other 10 official languages. The survey found that 85 per cent of South Africans felt disadvantaged because of the predominance of English in news reporting, while only 22 per cent of respondents fully understood speeches and statements by politicians delivered in English only. English was not among the top 6 languages mentioned as a first choice for news coverage, she said. According to Census '96 figures, English is the mother tongue of only 8.6 per cent of South Africans, behind Zulu (22.9 per cent), Xhosa (17.9 per cent), Afrikaans (14.4 per cent) and Pedi (9.2 per cent). Source: SAPA news agency web site, Johannesburg, in English 1312 gmt 16 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) SABC COULD BE SPLIT UP A parliamentary hearing is under way in South Africa that could pave the way for sweeping changes in public broadcasting. The Communications Committee is taking evidence on proposals that would give the government much tighter control over the South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC), the structure of which has remained fundamentally unchanged since the days of apartheid. A proposed bill to amend the country's 1999 Broadcasting Act could result in the splitting up of the SABC into separate public and commercial companies, and the establishment of two state-funded regional TV channels. Communications Minister Ivy Matsepe-Casaburri said at the start of the hearing that the intention was to ensure equality amongst the country's 11 official languages. However, the bill would also give the Communications Minister new rights over financial and editorial decisions, and would delete a guarantee that the SABC would remain free from government interference. The SABC has reacted angrily to the proposals, calling them "a matter of grave concern". The independent Media Monitoring Project has also criticised several aspects of the bill. The hearing continues until Friday (© Radio Netherlands Media Network 17 September 2002 via DXLD) ** SUDAN. You mentioned tentative reception of Omdurman 7200. This has been operating for some time now, but I don't know what their current schedule is, or if it operates every day. The last time I had a decent signal the station went off just after 1900. The 9 MHz channel has not been heard - or seen reported - for a long time (Noel R. Green, UK, Sep 12, Sept 18 BC-DX Sep 17 via DXLD) ** SYRIA [non]. Re SHRC denial of connexion with Sawt al-Watan: My money is still on Mahmud Fathi's report that there is a connection. Why should one simply accept their denial at face value? Wouldn't one expect such a group to deny that it is behind what is a clandestine broadcast? Don't some clandestines try to keep their backer hidden? Someone has gone to a lot a trouble to broadcast SHRC material. If there isn't a connection, then someone has done them a heck of a favor to broadcast their material. Sorry, but favors such as that don't just happen (Hans Johnson, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** TIBET [non]. 7385, Holy Tibet, 16 Sept 1640, with a really good signal at S9 44434. IDed at 1641 with a reference to G. Maroti as a good DXer, YL in very good English (Zacharias Liangas, Thessaloniki, Greece, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** UKRAINE. R. Krishnaloka, in a reply to Mauno Ritola, Finland: "The potency of the transmitter small - 300 Watt, but is planned it to increase end to proceed (pass) to other type of an antenna. Try to listen to station in dark time of day." (Bernd Trutenau, Lithuania, BC-DX Sep 17 via DXLD) ** U S A. 2479.98, WGVA Geneva, NY, (harmonic 2 x 1240), 16 Sep, 2255, ID "...1240 WGVA...Finger Lakes News Network..." into ABC network news feed at 2300. Fair, stable signal (Mark Mohrmann, Coventry, VT, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A. WBBR Update on Downtime. For anyone wondering what happened with the rumored WBBR-1130 silent period, it is still a rumor. The engineers are still working on things and are still wrangling for approval to take the station off the air. I'll keep checking in, and let people know when/if the station will be off. (Rick Kenneally, Wilton, CT, Sept 16, NRC-AM via DXLD) ** U S A. The postings have been flying fast and furious on the NRC-AM reflector about IBOC/IBAC, too fast for us to keep up with them, but here are a few more: Terrestrial radio is dead. The corporates want to get rid of terrestrial radio anyway. This will do this. This IBAC will drive people to XM. No one can have a portable radio and hear IBAC. The battery consumption on the chips is far too high and this is going to be a severe problem. No portables, no interest. The interference to stations from IBAC is terrible. Adjacents are going to hammer the hell out of each other. I heard it with my own ears. Running the analog 5 kHz wide is not going to excite people much. Having that 5 kHz signal hammered by an IBAC station next to it isn't going to help. FM interference isn't all that wonderful either. None of this matters because although the people commented on 99-325, the brown paper bags and brown envelopes that are full of corporate largesse are being given to the people who make the decisions and its going to happen. Digital radio is needed and will come; it`s just that the greedy corporate people couldn't seem to find another piece of spectrum to put it on. This is the best thing that ever happened to XM. This should have been placed on a different band and the MW band phased out. FM should have been left alone. It`s a done deal and can't be stopped. It`s just that a lot of people are going to be whizzed when they have to shell out bucks because everything they now have is useless (Kevin Redding, AZ) Cutting by 6 DB is the equivalent of cutting the power by 75% - for example, going from 5,000 watts to 1,250. At least in theory it's the same thing as one "S" unit though tests have shown most radios' S meters are very poorly calibrated (Doug Smith, TN) Perhaps the thought is that "hip" is enough to propel this, and if there are enough 'sheep' convinced to spend on receivers, I suppose that's valid. But I can't see that as being enough - not now. Too many people, especially younger people, are so down on radio already that they may either see that's just a marketing label, or may decide that radio is so unimportant to them that they aren't willing to cash in to make the change. If that scenario plays out, I fail to see how that audience will be lured back, or, in the case of the low-end of that age group, convinced to even consider that radio in any form might be relevant to their lives. Forgetting considerations such as impacts to coverage, interference, I think the idea that AM can be saved as a serious medium may be a case of 'too little, too late'. (Russ Edmunds, Blue Bell, PA) They can make portable MP3 players which seem to deliver reasonable battery life and work at least as well as portable radios (which may or may not be saying much but it's obviously adequate for the consumer). I'm not so sure they'll be able to make an IBOC $5 blister-packed throwaway set, but I think from the $25 level up David's statement will probably hold. German radio hams are now building multistandard digital TV transmitters, and they aren't spending the entire DARC budget to do it. You never know (Doug Smith, TN) David, OBVIOUSLY for the CCU people to do this so quickly after the test, this shows that they KNOW there`s a problem. This will decrease the digital coverage even more than the already smaller coverage over analog. This is obvious to CCU that they have already whizzed a lot of people off and they have to do something. XETRA is CCU and running 77 kW. That`s a LOT-O-JUICE. I had WLW IBOC test interference on XETRA out here in AZ. I had some minor interference on 710 KUET which is a semi-local. The 690 interference was more noticeable for me because of the proximity to KUET. I'm a long way from Cincinnati and Harry Helms who also heard the artifacts is further away in California also heard it. The white noise / buzzing is REALLY BAD. People are not going to be happy with this at all (Kevin Redding) ``IBOC will not just help AM; it will help radio...`` Not by overlaying a digital signal over an analog one. The idea of two disparate modulation schemes in the same tiny slice of spectrum is ill-conceived. It was painfully clear to me at the April NAB show, listening to the 1140 [Las Vegas NV] signal that it was flawed. The adjacent channel interference is much too severe over much too large an area. I was in Death Valley, maybe three hours drive from Las Vegas and the digital noise was evident. Having a band full of that noise, especially on and adjacent to local channels, is a recipe for disaster. Spark Gap AM, in effect. ``Radio is, as a medium, 80 years old.`` *WARNING! HERESY AHEAD!* Yes, and AM is obsolete and should be left alone so it can die on its own terms. Trying to make it something it cannot be is like teaching a pig to sing. Wastes your time, and annoys the pig. They didn't try to regenerate navigational beacons with some digital claptrap. They are simply decommissioning them and letting GPS take over. Same with AM. Let it stay as-is until it peters out. 1.2 MHz of spectrum isn't a large swath, despite our attachment to it. ``The "digital" label is hip.`` Apparently not "hip" enough to merit a clean slice of spectrum. Since new radios are required, the band they work on is irrelevant. Allocate space so the job can be done right. Eureka.. ``The data stream that is what IBOC is based on permits a whole array of other services, including interactive.`` So does the Internet. When G3 and later G4 RF connectivity becomes available (2 to 5 years) the small bandwidth available in an IBOC signal will be too little, too late. And the Internet is two-way already. Where's the return channel in IBOC? Sure isn't "in band, on channel". If they need to allocate some return mode, why not simply put everything in the same spectrum right up front? ``If they finally fix the algorithm, talk sounds much more "presency" in IBOC.`` So does satellite, and that's available today. Seems response for that has been underwhelming, with XM treading water and Sirius fending off press reports of their financial woes. The business model for IBOC isn't that much different. ``Remember, there is not much AM talk listening of any kind under age 35; the younger talkers like KLSX are on FM. Plus, this will allow some AMs to be used for niche music formats that can not be justified today. To younger people, AM is totally unhip, useless, dead, etc.`` It's the content, and not the pipeline. More listeners have gravitated to where their action is. The vast majority of people don't give a rat's hindquarters about the pipe. They want the contents. In the case of AM, the pipeline was inadequate to the task of delivering the desired content. IBOC might sound real sweet in high signal strength tests. Put it out there with a bandful of other IBOC signals, especially at night, and it won't be so good. The signal just can't be strong and interference-free over a large enough area for most stations. Maybe the Clear Channel blowtorches, but mom and pop are gonna take it on the chin. Even if they do pony up the Big Bucks to do the conversion. ``There is 100% backing of the IBOC standard, starting at the FCC. AM stereo died in the period of years when the FCC wasted the window of opportunity for AMs to remain viable music stations. And, initially, the technology sucked... platform motion, lack of promotion, near-zero interest by car manufacturers. Not so IBOC.`` Simple. They tried to do the same thing. Cram too much stuff in too small a bag. In my area, that's called a blivet. Ten pounds of ..er.. "stuff" in a five-pound bag. In AM's case, that bag also carries "stuff" from other stations that leaks in. IBOC only spills more in. The fact that the FCC is behind it gives me no comfort. This is the same FCC which screwed up AM Stereo, eliminated ownership limits, and has had a spotty track record on a lot of issues. ``But the big deal is the digital stream, which can carry all kinds of additional data... and become a new revenue source. And they can say "digital" which is the killer buzz word of today in audio.`` And the portable internet services which will be here shortly will run it into the ground. Gotta have a large enough bandwidth to get the content there. IBOC will have the bandwidth for a few pop-up ads. I'll pass, thank you. Were I in a programming position in Radio, I'd be far more concerned with getting the RIAA streaming issue settled to my satisfaction. When G3 and G4 arrive, and I can get an audio stream on my PDA and in my car, suddenly transmitters and over-the-air content will become very unimportant. David, we have discussed this before. You seem set that IBOC is the neatest thing since sliced bread for radio. I'm equally convinced that it's a boondoggle of the first magnitude. You base your opinion on your considerable and varied radio experience. My opinion is based on my 32 years experience as an engineer and consultant. We aren't going to change the other's opinion. We'll just have to see how it shakes out. -c- (Craig Healy, RI) I'm curious how the Eureka system is doing up there. On my recent vacation (which was within range of Montreal, Ottawa, and Toronto stations for several days) I did hear a few ads for digital radios. (and I note that applications have been filed for the first digital- only stations, admittedly all with non-mainstream ethnic formats) Are they selling? (Doug Smith, TN) DXed most intensively form 1959 to 1963 in Cleveland, where I verified everything, including all 50 states. DXed a while from Ecuador 1964- 1970, and verified a cou0ple of hundred things, mostly unique ones like US graveyards and TPs. Then DXed Mexicans 1973-75 in Phoenix, with about 240 of them received and verified (when there were less than 500 AMs in all Mexico). I don't send for verifications now as I believe it is a horrible imposition on today's stations. I also realize that most stations don't get reports, and most that they do get are fake or fraudulent, and I don't want to be guilty by association. I currently use a TenTec RX-350 from a place in Palm Springs with a Quantum loop, phaser and several whips on the roof of a condo. I do it for pure fun, not for veries, though. I'll probably get a Drake as a Christmas present to myself, too. As an aside, what many here don't know is that I was a founding member of IRCA, on their first board and even conducted several unique DX tests form Ecuador where I moved stations onto splits for DX purposes. It's not the WLW CE. It is the DOE for Clear Channel who has to decide what is best for hundreds of AMs, ranging form graveyarders to clears. In all cases, the issue is whether it is worth saving fringe adjacent channel reception. Most broadcasters say no, as they get no money outside their own MSA. I would not say that most other broadcasters oppose the 6 db reduction; there has really been no polling of anyone. I sensed no objection in the packed IBOC sessions in Seattle, except that many said, "accept the interference and leave it at current levels." ...YOU were the one who brought up corporate. And, by the way, I'm also consultant; most of the time I am my own boss. I have "posted" quotes because they were germane. I was also the first to say that AM IBOC was not fully ready in April, and I still find it lacking in audio quality. I am also one of the very few on the list who has seen how the sausage is made and who ha had to make a decision as to whether to include IBOC in budgets, in promotion strategy and to take the concomitant risk it involves. IBOC is not like HDTV; it is not obligatory. Terrestrial radio is not dead; there is no evidence yet that satellite delivery will ever make it. I believe it will, but most people in radio are very skeptical about it ever being anything but a 5% to 7% of the market niche. Only one radio company has a satellite investment, and it amounts to less than 4% of one satellite company's stock, and is valued at less than the price the average station in that company's portfolio. Why, then, would there be an interest in killing 99.99% of your investment to save 0.01% of it? In the technical sessions, it was obvious that the newest IBOC chipset designs are no more power consuming than normal radio chipsets. Remember, they are still developing the final versions, and everything out there is a prototype; indications are there will be the capacity to produce from the start 100,000,000 IBOC radios a year. You may not like the programming. You are, then, one of the 5% non- users of radio or the roughly 5% light users (less than 4 hours a week) that have existed since transmitters had rectifier tubes. Buy XM or Sirius. Or buy a bunch of CDs. Or learn to whistle. There is absolutely nothing radio can do to make people like you happy and there never has been. And as America fragments in taste, lifestyle and social groupings as it has since the end of W.W. II, there will continue to be a small group of unsatisfied people who can not find anything to their liking on radio. 95% of Americans cume radio weekly. 90% listen over 7 hours. The average person listens 20:45 a week, about the same as it was in 1950. You can criticize form your point of view the programming, but the fact is that people continue to enjoy and use radio. There is less interest in teens and over 65 persons, but that is due to corporate marketing at auto manufacturers, home product companies, retailers, etc. So where there are no dollars, radio can't program. But radio revenue is up 7.5% in the first half of 2002; radio revenues are now for the first time over 8% of all add expenditures. That does not indicate that all the things are wrong that you believe are. In one sector, mine, radio revenues were up 17% in the first half. Someone must be listening (David Gleason, CA) Losing marginal AM's would be a good thing no matter how you look at it - and not just from a hobby perspective. The same will be true when FM goes digital. There's probably very little argument anywhere that there are too many stations. But what will result from that will be much more concentration than exists today, because in many cases a marginal station is marginal in many ways, often starting with financial. They will fall by the wayside due to the expense. I'm afraid I have to agree with Kevin and others - I see nothing to persuade me to believe that changing to IBOC will cure what's wrong with radio. To the contrary - I think it will instead lead to more of what's wrong on the programming end. I wouldn't argue that 80 years is a long time for a technology - it's probably been too long by at least 10-20 years. Had it been replaced with something better before AM found itself an orphaned stepchild, we probably wouldn't be having this discussion (Russ Edmunds, Blue Bell, PA) David, There are many places in this nation that there are no FM and no receivable AM stations. This dooms these people to have one choice and that`s XM or Sirius. Lots of them will be listening to CDs instead. I am sure lots of DXers cringed when they saw that comment because you are telling all of us, the hobby is done and over. Kiss it all goodbye (Kevin Redding, AZ) Nobody but we few care about what happens to DX'ing, nor should they be expected to. We are an accidental by-product - we aren't any real part of the equation. The vast majority of those who are don't even have a hint that anything like DX'ing exists (Russ Edmunds, Blue Bell, PA) Kevin, I listened to two FMs and an AM in Seattle, on both a clock radio of the garden-variety hotel kind and my Sony portable which is way to the high end. On neither did I notice anything that would be called disturbing and I had no trouble tuning other stations on the dial that any local listener would want to tune in. No, I could not DX in all likelihood. But this is not about DXing. It is about bringing radio back to a competitive position (David Gleason, CA) Radio needs to not worry about buzz words and all they need to do is fix the programming and stop the processing and loudness wars. If the programming was good, then no one would be worried about IBAC. ``It's "IBOC" (for In Band On Carrier) and not IBAC.`` What I heard on the WLW test and the local FM KJZZ tests and it sounded like it was destroying the adjacent channels. I call it In- Band Adjacent Channel, IBAC (Kevin Redding, AZ) My 2 cents in the debate: I missed NAB this year, but my understanding from friends who were there is that the buzz really was as David describes. From the point of view of the broadcasters, "HD Radio" (the new marketing tag for Ibiquity's digital system) is a desperately- needed magic bullet to stop the erosion in listenership of the last decade or so. They HAVE to believe that this will work. And I agree with David that the impact of MW DAB (sorry, I won't call it "IBOC" as long as so much energy spills beyond +/- 10 kHz) on the DX hobby is of extremely minor import to the broadcast community. But I do think we DXers are something of a "canary in a coalmine" in identifying signal issues that will adversely affect broadcasters, and I think the flawed Ibiquity system is just such a problem. The issue here isn't the WBZ listener in Cleveland or Charlotte (though WBZ actually *does* have a revenue stream it can trace to the huge reach of its overnight signal) - it's the WBZ listener in Worcester, Providence or Manchester, areas that ARE important parts of the WBZ marketing and sales effort. What happens to their signal after dark when KDKA and WHO fire up their HD Radio signals and begin slopping up and down towards 1030 kHz? And even if WBZ has the juice to overcome an increased noise floor to the west, what about the more marginal Boston AM signals like 680 and 850 that go ever-so-directional after dark and whose patterns now miss the huge boom in suburban population in areas like Framingham and Marlborough? Heaven help them when stations like WSCR and WHAS turn on the HD Radio and what's left of their suburban signal is further lost in the hash and noise. (Would I be out of line, furthermore, to suggest that adjacent-channel splat from HD Radio is considerably LESS tolerable as interference to an analog signal than the current analog interference?) Smaller stations being bought and taken dark to reduce the noise floor - or just folding up and blowing away? Maybe...but when incredibly marginal AM signals like the 1360 in Lynn MA, effectively a daytimer, go for seven figures-plus, it's hard to see much relief coming to larger markets that way anytime soon. Yes, a lot of these problems go away when analog goes away and we go all-digital. Heck, even I'll admit that the Ibiquity system would probably work pretty well in an all-digital environment. But, taking our strange hobbyist community aside, will the receiver world really go all-digital in our lifetimes? -s (Scott Fybush, NY) Woke up this Sunday morning to find the great volume of comment on IBOC, programming, the future of DX'ing, et al, ad infinitum. et and cetera. I read it all. I read it but I didn't weep. I've been in the hobby long enough, I've seen (and heard) so many factors that have changed the hobby so drastically, and despite all the changes, many of them aggravating, we're still we're at it. Before I make some of my observations, allow me to thank Dave Gleason for taking the time (and the courage) to share his insights from the standpoint of the contemporary broadcaster. Dave has been involved with the hobby almost as long as I have, and, as I did, followed the route from fascinated, hooked listener into a broadcasting career. Dave's career led to ownership and management, mine stayed at the programming level, specific concentration on news, and because I was motivated to remain in a single, comfortable geographic location, I wound up shifting from broadcasting to newspaper in 1981. I doubt there's another individual involved in broadcast ownership and management who has the understanding of our arcane hobby. We've seen the value of DX'ers to radio stations begin as important sources of information on listenership and propagation, at least in a subjective sense; transcend to a tradition as old-time broadcasters remembered our value in the early days; dwindle to a curiosity for the newer generations of broadcasters or a sympathetic connection to the engineers who are also hams and at least understand where we're coming from; evolve into a nuisance to many who have no interest at all in "freak" reception outside the normal coverage area or into writers of junk mail that goes into the round file with most of the advertising flyers and self-serving press releases that flood the mail rooms (or the secretary's desk.) If there were enough of us to make a real impact on broadcasting, we would probably be head-to-head enemies, because we prefer sunrise-to- sunset daytimers and 6 a.m. to midnight (or earlier) full-timers, and consider the stations we can hear regularly as pests who block the frequencies and keep us from hearing the fragments of signals that we collect. I remember reading a letter to the editor in Time Magazine in the '40s from someone complaining that the first few all-nighters on graveyard channels were interfering with the opportunity to hear those rare stations that made up the romance of radio. Can you imagine Time publishing a letter reflecting our interests today? Since broadcasters have learned they can make, as Eartha Kitt sang it, "beaucoup du loot" with FM signals whose coverage is limited to 40 to 80 miles or so, the whole concept of skywave listenership is going the way of CW on the ham bands. In the '50s, I would have been able to hear Scott Fybush's five-hour interview on WBZ on Labor Day in Texas and might have been able to hear it in Oregon. But if I hadn't been in Lima for the NRC convention, I wouldn't have been able to hear it at all. With programmers concentrating on limited coverage areas and ad buyers showing little, if any, interest in fringe-area listeners (except, maybe, on a truckers' all-night show), it wouldn't surprise me if the AM band (if digital can save it for the broadcasters) wouldn't eventually evolve into 118 graveyard channels, 530-1700, with 20,000 1 kw or 5 kw non-directional stations. Maybe I'd better not mention that ... someone in broadcasting might pick it up and advocate it. Those of us who remember the historical meaning of the words "clear channel" would eventually be causing earthquakes as we turn over in our graves. IBOC's impact on the future of AM broadcasting is probably not so extreme as either the strongest advocates or the staunchest opponents believe it to be, neither panacea nor death. As DX'ers, then, we must look at what our hobby really is. DX is unusual, out-of-the ordinary, reception. A station we hear every day may count in our logs, but unless it programs something we enjoy when we're not "fishing" for new stations, it becomes a pest. Regardless of what the IBOC railroad does to our stomping grounds, there will always be variables in propagation and there will continue to be experiments in directional antenna systems. And maybe the Mark Connellys or Gerry Thomases among us will experiment with selective audio and come up with a way to block the digital hash that will threaten our chase for the "stations between the stations," as the power company engineer in Massachusetts put it in 1967 when Tom Holmes complained about AM QRM from powerlines. I wonder what the Timewave technology can do to the hash. As a technical idiot, I'm dependent upon the work of others to blaze such reactive paths. Potential lifeline or fleeting fad, IBOC looms before us, and we DX'ers can either work around it or find another way to spend our time. If I live as long as my mother, I've got 25 years and counting remaining to enjoy DX'ing, or to put all my hobby time on travel and genealogy, or on writing about the "DX'ing Days of Yore." That's my two cents worth ... a reference to overall value as opposed to the twenty bucks worth of time I've spent writing it ... and while I've been composing this, an additional 20-plus items have been posted to the list. I've paused to read only one ... the submittal from Scot Fybush ... and, as expected, he gives us some valuable insight into the discussion. All those radios to be replaced ... IF they're really being used all that often. OK, enough. It's time to read the other 20- plus entries. Qal R. Mann, Krumudgeon (John Callarman, Krum TX) CCU was part of the test, so their opinions are germane. Obviously, they are looking at benefiting their clear channel and flame thrower facilities. I think that night operation may well be decided on the current levels, as no one cares about WLW and XETRA in Phoenix but they do care about their local metro. When someone with a single station in a small Idaho market applauds IBOC, as I saw, he claps with his life savings in mind. Most broadcasters look at saving AM, and it has nothing to do with programming and everything to do with economics. QAM stereo was too late, and interest was gone when we finally got finished with Leonard Kahn's suits (blame him for killing AM, instead of me, huh?) and the FCC's foot dragging. It was also a system that had serious flaws, particularly for AM directionals in null areas. And then there was platform motion. Horrible out of the gate. If AM is killed, so be it. But sticking with lousy audio everyone agrees is unsuitable to music and most other formats will do nothing to save it. Even receiver manufacturers knew 15 years ago that no one cares about AM quality. All the coupon and interactive stuff is what vehicle mfgrs call backseat consoles. DVD, interactive radio, games, etc. This is a monthly revenue stream based on content. It is hot. Dismissing it by making glib comments is narrow, Kevin. This is the after-the-sale revenue stream car folks have wanted for a long time. XM and On Star were the first, but they all provide dollars every month from every subscriber. Interestingly, the TiVo like capabilities were very much of interest at NAB. The idea of coding news and traffic and weather so a listener could set their radio to replay them when they got in the car is marvelous. Opens up a concept of radio on demand right on your existing station. This is stuff we find all the time in research projects: "I need the traffic when I leave the house" or "how do I get weather when I need it." (David Gleason, CA) Remember --- this IBOC B.S. isn`t about bringing YOU the listener a better listenable signal with better programming --- it`s all about MONEY in THEIR pockets! What the CE of Clear Channels WLW says about lowering the digital signal by 6db is a JOKE! Its all about trying to sweep the issues of IBOC under the rug and get the FCC to pass regulation so that they can start running this garbage down our throats. IF IBOC does make it to the air fulltime, we still have that receiver issue to deal with. I see a repeat performance of the beginning of the AM Stereo days. The stations were broadcasting stereo --- just no receivers were manufactured in great numbers and what receivers that were made and are presently made {mono or stereo} are just pure junk. I get better quality out of an air monitor than I do from a radio! IBOC still has a long ways to go --- and if it does make it to the light of day --- protest IBOC by NOT buying the receivers. It has an amazing trickle down effect all the way down to the advertising level which greatly affects the profit level of the station running the spectral hash generators. Food for thought for you all today. (Bob Carter, Operations/Engineering, Ray Communications Radio Network, SC) I believe that the programming is no good. You believe the transmission method is no good. The problem is that the programming really is no good and the transmission is no good and no one decided to put the new and better [?] transmission mode on a new band with better programming. The die is cast already and if its not made mandatory like the decision that the FCC made on DTV its never going to fly. When people hear that they have to buy new radios and hear the noise, it`s dead (Kevin Redding, AZ) The proof on IBOC isn't going to be made within a tight local coverage area. It's going to come in places such as Scott suggested - Manchester, providence, and Worcester, all of which are vital to WBZ. And there are analogues all over. Even if you put powerful IBOC transmitters in all of the top 50 markets, and take away all analog stations, either the coverage will be so small in order to decrease the sideband problems that it'll threaten viability or else the interference will be so bad they'll all step on one another everywhere outside of some rather ungenerous distance radius (Russ Edmunds, Blue Bell, PA) ADOPTION OF DIGITAL RADIO STANDARD TWO MONTHS AWAY? "I am hopeful that the commission will be able to issue a report and order this fall," FCC Commissioner Kathleen Abernathy told the crowd at the NAB FCC Policymakers' Breakfast this morning, "which in my mind means before November." Voicing her support for getting the ball rolling for adopting a digital radio standard, Abernathy said, "We need to act so that terrestrial radio can transition to the digital age." She noted that because iBiquity has completed both its AM and FM IBOC testing, the National Radio Systems Committee has issued reports supporting the technology, and the FCC itself has accepted comments on those reports, "it is time for us to do our job." Still, she notes that even after a standard is adopted more work must be done to transition stations to digital. Meanwhile, in addition to her target for a digital radio standard, Abernathy tells R&R she is hopeful that the FCC will also be able to issue new EEO rules by November (Radio & Records via Gleason) One other thing that someone has not brought up is the QRN from the sidebands causing images in a market. Let`s say a station on 550 in IBOC has a second harmonic on 1100. I guess the sidebands will then QRM 1090 and 1110. What if there is a station in that market on those frequencies.? I can see all sorts of troubles with IBOC. Now once everyone goes to digital (if they do), the problems might end. But it has a long way to go (Patrick Martin, Seaside OR) The WLW CE is here reading all this and said no such thing! I have made no public comment. The tests we did were just that. Tests. Ibiquity tested on WLW at sideband injection levels of -16 and -22 dB below carrier level. I also want to add that both test levels met the CURRENT Nrsc based FCC spectral mask requirements. Meaning the power generated in the side bands meets the existing rules as written. The DOE's for Clear Channel, of which there are several, are watching these tests as well. The type of skywave tests at WLW consisted of digital sidebands switched 1 minute on and 1 off, then the injection levels changed every 10 minutes. But we ran many variations during the test period. They looked at many real world scenarios in their tests. I have not personally seen the results of the IBOC field tests. As for the Comments about outlying service areas. WLW makes A LOT of money from its over night trucking show and its networked stations being delivered on Sky Wave, i.e. WLW, WHAM, KTWO, KWLW and others. As does WSAI selling religion. Also WLW is sold in the Dayton Ohio, an Adjacent market and has added limited service elements for that area. It normally is about a 4 share in Dayton. I know we here at Clear Channel are totally ignorant boobs bent on our own self destruction and don't know how to program a radio station or operate one; despite ourselves we have amassed a rather large company that relies on Skywave in part to make our money. We have went into many of these small market operations loosing money and by applying the cluster business model we have actually made some money with an otherwise unprofitable station. I personally oversee the Technical operations for 60+ stations. We have replaced or will by the end of 2003 every old tube AM transmitter in my region; I know that makes some here cringe. And many older FM transmitters have been replaced as well. We have brought a level of technical expertise that the stations could not have been able to afford otherwise. I could tell you some horror stories of what I have walked into. But I don't have all day. I just wanted to set the record straight on what I said and did not say (Paul Jellison, Clear Channel, WLW) I take strenuous exception to using WLW, one of the premier n/t stations on a privileged frequency as an example of what works for AM stations that are not low-band 50 kW clears. There are too few clears to begin with, and many are already severely hampered in coverage by adjacents near them. Many more are hampered by being in Southern states where stations like KFI and KNX are unlistenable at 100 miles out due to non-US interference. The XMs and other services will eventually kill the trucker shows, and CCU's investment in same shows they know that. Good, skillful planning. I really doubt that more than 10 of CCUs stations make any appreciable money out of non-home metros. No one does. And they make even less money from skywave. Outside of KOA, WLW and one or two others, the home markets are so big and the outlying markets so small that the formula does not add up. I do agree that CCU was nearly singlehandedly responsible (well, Jacor started it) for saving AM as a viable medium, and the technical operations of the company are all far superior to what previous owners had. But that is not the issue. Getting back to skywave and out of market coverage: I invite you to count the stations that have an adequate signal to cover outside their own market consistently, overcoming power lines, dimmers and all manner of man made interference. The issue is that 99% of US stations can't serve anything but the local market, and a large number of those don't even do that well (David Gleason, CA) I find myself siding more with Kevin, Scott, and Craig than Dave on this one. In particular, Healy's comments are dead on the money. Radio is about content, not modulation methods and other technical issues. I listen to two radio programs each weekday in my office: Howard Stern in the mornings (FM) and Phil Hendrie in the evenings (AM). I didn't decide to listen to those two based upon modulation methods, but instead upon the content. Sometimes in the afternoon I listen to the John & Ken talk show on KFI. That's AM. On KLSX, I could listen to Tom Leykis in FM. But I don't. Why? Because I'd rather listen to John and Ken instead of Tom Leykis, regardless of modulation methods used. And I don't care if the G. Gordon Liddy show is broadcast in "interactive digital Cinerama" or whatever --- I'm still not going to listen to him! It's true in book publishing, it's true in music, and it's true in radio: CONTENT IS KING. People will listen because of the content, not because of the "presence" provided by digital modulation. Crappy programming in beautifully enhanced digital audio is still crappy programming. Give people something they want to listen to and they'll listen. But if your programming sucks, then listeners won't give a damn even if it uses a wonderful new digital modulation scheme. And, as Bob Foxworth has noted, the noise and acoustics in a car aren't favorable to a quality audio experience regardless of modulation scheme. People who think radio technology is more important than programming content are just deluding themselves. Relying on technology alone is grasping at straws and little more than techno-voodoo. Dave Gleason wrote, "The digital data stream element allows interactive radios where you can order the song you are hearing, print out a coupon in the car, get directions to the restaurant you hear an ad for." Dave, are you saying IBOC radios will be able to "query" the transmitting station --- that is, send a signal or message from the receiver back to the transmitter, much like web surfers request pages from a site's server? Because that's the definition of "interactive," and if that's not the case, then IBOC is not interactive. And those "benefits" are more than marketing hype; they're plain daft --- who's going to have a printer in their car to print out a coupon, fer chrissakes???? I can see the scene now when you take your car in for service: "Well, your transmission fluid is OK, but you're getting really low on printer toner. . . ." More seriously, those things have all been tried on the web and all failed miserably, so why would they work in a car with an IBOC radio? Are consumers really interested in being able to do any of that? The internet boom-and-bust offers many instructive lessons that what's technically possible and what people want are often two very different things. One only has to look at the wreckage of Webvan, Pets.com, eToys, etc., to see this principle in action. Some very healthy skepticism is in order for claims that IBOC is going to be a cash cow because it will let you print out coupons as you drive, etc. I suppose we'll have to wait and see what impact IBOC has on AM reception for the general public and if the artifacts can be reduced. But based on the WLW test, I think most ordinary listeners will notice a degradation of reception on analog receivers unless they're locals. And I think the net impact could be to actually reduce AM listenership. You don't have to be a DXer to often find yourself in a situation where you tune for non-local stations --- take driving Interstate 15 from the Los Angeles area to Las Vegas. In both day and night, I can get good reception of KFI or KNX on I-15 to the Nevada border, at which time I start looking for Las Vegas stations (usually either 93.1 or 107.5 on FM). But what impact will the reduced coverage area of IBOC have upon such listening? Will KFI still be audible once I'm over the Cajon Pass on I-15? Will I be able to listen to anything around Baker, CA on AM or FM? If you have reduced coverage and a noisier band, wouldn't that just drive more people to an alternative like XM or CDs? I know Dave dismisses XM and other satellite systems as serious competitors to terrestrial radio. I disagree, and we'll see who's right in the years ahead. But XM has already made inroads with some listeners (like truckers) and it's another "monthly revenue stream based on content." And, as Craig Healy noted, 3G/4G systems are looming on the horizon and are really going to shake things up when they hit. Imagine something similar to your current cell phone, but also offering full web access and streaming media services. . . . . . it's coming, and it's going to be huge. Those services will be fully, truly interactive, just like the internet is today. Dave wrote, "There is not enough national bandwidth for the kinds of wireless services people dream of on the web." That statement is not accurate. The models for how to do this are well established; I'm current working with people like Dr. Janise McNair (University of Florida) and Dr. Robert Fontana (founder, Multispectral Solutions) on books about next generation wireless and ultra wideband technologies. These aren't pie in the sky notions; they're both real and inevitable because of the utility and convenience they will offer. Craig is dead-on in his assessment of 3G/4G. If IBOC manages to force some terrestrial AM and FM stations to go dark, that would be a positive IMHO. The big problem facing radio today is too many stations chasing a finite pool of ad dollars. Some contraction of the industry is long overdue, and if IBOC forces some of the smaller players to throw in the towel that would be good (especially since most of the smaller players are just terrestrial relays of satellite-delivered programming and offer nothing innovative or unique.) Will IBOC kill DXing? No, but it will alter things greatly. But life is all about change and how we adapt to it. We might wind up with fewer stations, but more QRM. SRS/SSS DX will get interesting as stations turn IBOC on and off for daytime operation. It's not too hard to imagine our PCs being used to extract some of the streaming data from IBOC signals, allowing us to identify stations whose audio we can't detect. And who cares if the stations and CEs don't understand DXing? We don't need anyone's permission or approval to get a kick out of logging a new, distant station! I can't help but feel trying to make AM "sexy" again with IBOC is like a guy who's 55 and decides to get a face lift, a new toupee, and testosterone injections so he can go to the local club and compete with the 25-year old guys for the hotties. Oh, there's no harm really being done, and I guess it makes the 55-year old feel better about himself, but you can't help but laugh at such a pitiful spectacle. But nonetheless I appreciate everyone's comments and sincerely wish Dave Gleason all the best in his venture with IBOC-¡Vd. tiene cajones más grandes que mí, estimado Sr.! (Harry Helms, AK6C, Ridegcrest, CA DM15) All broadcasters today see themselves as content providers. I work with XM, with net streams and on-air radio. We tackle programming the same way in each: consult the listener and find out what they want and where there is opportunity. Most broadcasters get this. The interactive allows query via a service like on star form GM. You push the radio screen, it provides data, reserves a restaurant, orders a CD, displays a map to the business and so on. The idea is that GM, Ford and the rest want to sell us a service that produces money for as long as we have the car. I have a multi-service thingie in my car that is 10 months old, and it will call if an airbag pops and alert the police based on GPS; I can get travel directions by voice, and also ask technical questions. It's $240 a year, and I will continue to use it after the first free year. Car folks know they can make more on aftermarket than selling the car, and they always have. This is new generation of aftermarket. And it will drive this new stuff. Hey, ask any mom who has DVD in the back of her family van... they would never trade it. I do not dismiss XM. In fact, I program 5 of their channels. I even am a shareholder. But it has its place. Mostly, people not satisfied with the available formats locally. A guy who likes Latin Jazz has no choices anywhere on radio, but XM gives that to them. Or reggae. Or hot jazz. Or many forms of classical, our classic country. They fill a need created by people who could not expect to be satisfied with regular radio. Those people don't listen now, so they are no loss. I too have doubts about AM in the long run. The real issue is that even without IBOC, most AMs are coverage crippled, and can not compete even with other AMs that have better signals. Take a market like San Diego. Only 2 AMs really cover the entire county, which is the metro. And KOGO uses an FM repeater to cover NE SD County better. The rest of the AMs are going to continue to slide and eventually, some will go away or find other sues... maybe datacasting. I have dealt with many other stations in research projects I have moderated, ranging form talk in English in NY to Oldies in Washington, DC. Believe me, with a few exceptions, no one sells outside their MSA. No one cares about TSA numbers, in fact, starting with ad agencies. In SoCal I have heard one out of market advertiser on KFI in 10 years (and I listen to them a lot). That advertiser sat on the border between Riverside and LA market wise, so they probably wanted the LA County consumers, and Riverside local was a bonus. Otherwise, nobody cares what audience they have in other markets, as it is generally "below the line" and insignificant. WFAN gets numbers in Hartford; they could not sell a single spot at NY rates in Hartford, and agencies are not going to pay any attention to bonus listeners as they buy by market, not by tonnage. Then the issue is whether AM is salvageable anyway. For example, in Mexico City, outside of upper income level listeners, there is less than 10% AM shares. But, because the market is so big (23,000,000) they all make some money and are sold, or dragged, into cluster packages and get revenue (David Gleason, CA) But my contention - backed up, I'd add, by some friends in high engineering positions whose opinions I trust wholeheartedly - is that we're not talking about KFI in Ventura or WGN in Champaign or WCBS in Atlantic City. I am not sufficiently convinced, based on what I've seen and heard so far, that we're not looking at significant increases in the noise floor - in very ugly-sounding ways - well within the boundaries of metro areas, even to stations with signals that we think of as very good. I've been working on a book about the history of NYC FM, as many of you know, and spending a fair amount of time down near the city as a result. When I'm down there, I stay with family members in Suffern, in Rockland County some 25-30 miles northwest of New York City. Rockland is well within the NYC metro for both radio and TV, is growing in population and is among the more affluent counties in the metro. And out of the "New York" AM signals, the only ones that are consistently usable in Suffern, day and night, are 660, 710, 770, 880, 1130 and 1560 - and even at that, there's some noise after dark on those. (FM is a bit fringy as well, particularly down low where my cousins' house is). I haven't gone down there with a signal meter to check, but I'd have to believe that ALL of those NYC signals will get somewhat beaten up by adjacent-channel digital at night - and that WOR in particular will suffer badly enough from WLW and WGN to be unusable after dark there. I know the engineers at WOR and Buckley, and I've got to believe they don't want to lose Rockland County from their night signal. (I'm not even getting into how bad the rest of the "New York" AM signals are in Rockland after dark - stations like 1280, 1380 and 1600 aren't even rumors up there at night...) In all honesty, David, do you believe the mom-and-pop station operators from Idaho who were applauding at NAB completely understand the technical implications of the system? This is the one area where we as DXers *do* have an advantage; I think we're in a much better position to comprehend how a system like this will work in the "real world" of the AM dial than even many broadcast owners might be. -s I'm horribly biased on this, I know, seeing as how I work as a consultant for 100000watts, a division of M Street Corp., which is owned by Clear Channel - and what's more, I've had lunch with Randy Michaels and actually enjoyed the experience. So my opinion on this doesn't count for some of you. But: I know a lot of the engineers and engineering executives at Clear Channel. And I would say, vehemently, that if any company has been good for AM in the last decade or so, it's been Clear Channel. They've invested tons of money in cleaning up transmitter sites and fixing technical problems (including big ones, like daytimers operating at night and such) that had gone neglected for years under Ma and Pa. They're vigilant now about patrolling interference to their stations, and they've made moves to clean up some interference-ridden parts of the AM dial by turning stations off and moving others. These guys know AM inside and out and they BELIEVE in it - which is why I'll be very interested in (and will give a lot of weight to) whatever conclusions Paul and his bosses do eventually end up making publicly about the IBOC tests. (Especially in light of what I've already heard behind the scenes...) -s (Scott Fybush, NY) I think we're oversimplifying if we characterize the current discussion as programming versus modulation methods and other technical issues. I sympathize and lean toward agreement with Kevin and others who complain about programming content. There's very little on the air today that appeals to me, but then I am in one of those groups that the broadcasters have deemed a market that does not interest them. But radio programmers, basically, turned me off long before I turned radio off ... and I'm speaking of more than 20 years ago, when I was younger than 55. I think also that the current focus on technical issues can be characterized as a last-ditch effort to reverse the trend toward deterioration and even death of AM broadcasting. It appears we're all in agreement that AM radio as a consumer medium is sick, and IF it is to survive requires some drastic steps. We're in disagreement about what those steps should be. Dave Gleason and Clear Channel have been our whipping boys today. I've read enough of Dave's posts over the past couple of years to recognize that his primary focus is delivering programming that will attract listeners. His comments in the past on the difference between personality-type entertainment and the bland, cookie-cutter radio we find all too often are in the same ballpark as mine. On the ideal radio station I would listen to, I'd program big-band and standard music ... characterized by the terms Broadway and Tin Pan Alley ... with host or hostess who'll talk briefly about the music, with good extemporaneous humor and some indication that he or she knew what was going on in the market in which the station operates. When I was in Seattle last, 1993, KIXI's format filled that bill for me, though I detect Dave's anathema toward my kind of music. (On KAAM-770 a couple of weeks ago, the DJ played the long version of "Sing, Sing, Sing" by Benny Goodman's group, stimulating my long-time fantasy that some of the younger folks would hear the beat laid down by drummer Gene Krupa and the interplay of Goodman's clarinet, Dizzie Gillespie's horn and Teddy Wilson's piano, and similar music, and want to hear more.) After reading comments from several CCU people here today and in the past (and being somewhat more open-minded than perhaps some of my comments over the past few months have indicated), I'm open to the likelihood that Clear Channel is not quite so set-in-stone monolithic as we may have characterized them. WSAI-1530 was locked onto my radio as I drove through northern Kentucky and southeastern Ohio on the way to the Lima convention, and I enjoy hearing the station I worked at in 1959-60, KIXZ-940, as I drive through Amarillo. In my younger days, I probably would have enjoyed the responsibility of programming a cluster of stations in any given market, taking advantage of the creative things that can be done with voice-tracking and other technical tools, paying close attention to clever, attention getting ad content that flows into the programming, and – here`s where I'd probably lose my job or my fortune -- paying more attention to programming by my gut instincts than by consultants' suggestions. I might be able to make enough money on a couple of different rock formats, a country station, a sports animal and a small but lucrative religious station to support my personality standard-and-ballad station, heh heh! There would be no room on any of my stations for some of the tasteless talk shows, both of a political and/or a childish, four-letter-word format. Harry Helms, I'm not entertained by Howard Stern's approach, which sounds awfully juvenile to me, but I can stomach Don Imus ... isn't that a tenuous line to draw? Getting back to reality, in the Dallas-Fort Worth market, and with my musical tastes actually somewhat broad, I do have some choices. KNTU plays some good jazz; WRR has a listenable classical format; KAAM plays standards and big band, with local personality; KHYI plays the Americana country format (rather than what the country charts have become ... when I'm driving through Tulsa, I miss access to the old KVOO-1170 country classic format already), occasionally, I can stand oldies of the '60s and '70s, and I do enjoy most Mexican music, and the opportunity to learn some of the material I can hear when I'm DX'ing XEs.) Unfortunately, I cannot bring myself to listen to right- wing talk show hosts (there are neither liberals nor moderates on WBAP, KLIF, KRLD at night, nor KXXL) or virtually any contemporary music. (I appreciate the availability of NPR/PRN, including Garrison Keillor, "What Do You Know?" and "Car Talk" but I don't really listen as often as I should.) None of my listenables put much of a dent in the Arbitron ratings, sadly. I would agree that content is the first priority, but if your program is on a signal that's fading or hampered by QRM or QRN, a good CD will suffice, thank you. Therefore, technological improvements are important. But I also agree with Harry's statement that, "People who think radio technology is more important than programming content are just deluding themselves. Relying on technology alone is grasping at straws and little more than techno-voodoo." That, I think, sums up the points made by Kevin Redding fairly well. I do not think, though, that Dave Gleason's arguments fit that description. Today's IBOC discussion has been more entertaining to me than most radio that's available here! By the way, I suppose I should comment that, technical idiot that I am, I have not seen anything that convinces me that IBOC, as presently contemplated, would have sufficient benefits that offset its potential damage to the spectrum. But I'm also realist enough to realize that preconceived perceptions are more often believed than truth. That's a good statement on which a Krumudgeon can close ... with 21 new messages on line to read (John Callarman, TX; all: NRC-AM circa Sept 15 via DXLD) ** U S A [non]. Radio Sawa is heard here in Dubai on 90.5 FM, "Sawa" in Arabic means togetherness and i guess the stations aim is to unite the western and arab cultures. They broadcast arabic and english music in FM stereo alternatively and also with news round the hour (R. Nambiar, India/UAE Sep 16, 2002 for CRW via DXLD) ** UZBEKISTAN. R. Tashkent English night service at 2030-2100 and 2130-2200 UT still on 5025, 9545, and 11905. The latter very loud and clear today Sep 16th, at 2140 UT (Wolfgang Bueschel, Germany, BC-DX via DXLD) 11905, Radio Tashkent; 2038-2058*, 16-Sep; Woman in English with poetic reading and commentaries, vocal and instrumental music. Vocals sound similar to Arabic. SIO= 3+32+/LSB helps but strong QRM on both sides; tough copy. Reported // 9545 is covered. *2130-2138+, 16-Sep; On with "Radio Tashkent Calling" after brief IS. M with news 2132-37. All in English. SIO=3+32+/definitely better than at 2030; LSB helps here too. 11900 QRM is Bulgaria in English; 11910 is in Japanese. Tashkent sign-on covered a French transmission. 9545 is in German (Harold Frodge, MI, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** VENEZUELA. 4939.65, R. Amazonas (Presumed), 1024 Sept 14, fast LA male vocal, fair signal, in clear. Faded fast and gone by 1040 (Dan Ziolkowski WI, Cumbredx mailing list Sept 17 via DXLD) Bastante irregular en 4940kHz, Radio Amazonas. La potencia no es muy alta y el sonido es algo deficiente. Saludos desde Catia La Mar... (Adán González, Sept 17, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** VENEZUELA. RADIO NACIONAL DE VENEZUELA CON PROBLEMAS Hola Glenn, Saludos desde Venezuela. Según un reporte de la dirección de Radio Nacional de Venezuela, dado a conocer el pasado lunes 16, Radio Nacional tuvo problemas técnicos en sus transmisores de La Rinconada y Valencia, los cuales utilizan las frecuencias de 630 y 1050 kHz, para cubrir la zona central del país. Durante el sábado 14 y domingo 15, hubo inconvenientes que incluso provocaron la reducción de la potencia a 10 kW, en el caso de 630 kHz (50 kW), durante el día domingo. De acuerdo con el mismo informe, los técnicos atribuyeron las fallas a "fenómenos atmosféricos". En los últimos días ha llovido bastante en el país. Para ajustar los transmisores se está realizando una pausa entre las 11 y 12 de la noche (0300-0400 UT). Una de ellas estaba programada para el lunes 16. Desde Catia La Mar... (Adán González, Sept 17, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** VIETNAM [non]. Voice of Khmer Krom, 15660. I received a no-data ``London, Ontario`` card and partial-data personal letter in 1 month. My report was sent to Box 28674, Columbus, OH 43228, U.S.A., and this address is given in the letter. However, the letter is on a Khmers Kampuchea-Krom Federation letterhead with no address but with an Ontario, Canada, phone number (519 659-3920). And it is postmarked London, Ontario. Card and letter are signed by Thach N. Thach (Wendel Craighead, KS, Sep 14, 2002 for CRW via DXLD) UNIDENTIFIED. 5486.7, 1055, Sept 17, High paced male announcer in Spanish, with bits and pieces of Peruvian folk music between comments. Well modulated, but quite weak. Quite a bit weaker then R. Ilucán a couple hundred kHz up. La Reina de la Selva, Chachapoyas has been reported on this frequency in the past, supposedly running .06 kW, but to my knowledge, it has not been logged recently. Perhaps a reactivation? (David Hodgson, TN, DX LISTENING DIGEST) +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ CERTIFICATES Hello Glenn, If you can find the time and space to remind your listeners about the HCI SWL certificate availability, it would be greatly appreciated. They may read the requirements, as well as view a low resolution image of it, on the HCI web site in the SWL area: http://www.w9wze.org They can click on the "SWL Menu" and follow the links. Thanks! (Duane Fischer, W8DBF) dfischer@usol.com ### |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| DX LISTENING DIGEST 2-145, September 16, 2002 edited by Glenn Hauser, wghauser@hotmail.com Items from DXLD may be reproduced and re-reproduced only if full credit be maintained at all stages and we be provided exchange copies. DXLD may not be reposted in its entirety without permission. Materials taken from Arctic or originating from Olle Alm and not having a commercial copyright are exempt from all restrictions of noncommercial, noncopyrighted reusage except for full credits HTML version of this issue will be posted afterwards at http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldtd02.html For restrixions and searchable 2002 contents archive see http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldmid.html NOTE: If you are a regular reader of DXLD, and a source of DX news but have not been sending it directly to us, please consider yourself obligated to do so. Thanks, Glenn WORLD OF RADIO 1147: BROADCASTS ON WWCR: Wed 0930 9475 BROADCASTS ON RFPI: Wed 0100, 0700 on 7445, 15038.7; webcasts also Sun 1830, Mon 1230, Wed 1300 ONDEMAND http://www.wrn.org/ondemand/worldofradio.html (DOWNLOAD) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1147.rm (STREAM) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1147.ram (SUMMARY) http://www.worldofradio.com/wor1147.html BILL FLYNN. The biscuit [forest, wild-] fire is 98% contained -- no damage near here. On Aug 17, they hauled me off to the hospital, respiratory arrest, heart attack. On Sept 4, I returned home. Please understand that my recovery will be lengthy. I will not be doing any DXing for a long time. Regards, Bill, Sept. 8, 2002, Cave Junction OR. Bill has been one of our most faithful contributors. We wish him a good and faster than expected recovery! (Glenn) ** AFGHANISTAN [non]. Re DXLD 2-144, Magrib prayers: Hello Glenn, With regards to your question about Maghrib prayers, it is one of the daily prayers performed by a Muslim. Each prayer is known by a different name. First prayer (Subur): one hour before sunrise (around 5.30 am) Second prayer (Lohor): noon time Third prayer (Azar): late afternoon (around 5 pm) Fourth prayer (Maghrib): early evening (around 8 pm) Fifth prayer (Isyak): late evening (around 9 pm) If you can't remember the names, just remember that the first letters of all the words form the word "Islam". In communities where the Muslims form the majority, radio stations would broadcast the azan (prayer call) at the appropriate prayer times. The exact timing variates every day and the radio broadcast is thus a convenient tool to determine the prayer time. 73s (Richard Lam, Singapore, Sept 16, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Very interesting; are the Moslems really into acrostics, or is it totally coincidental that these spell out ISLAM? Oh, oh, watch out: (gh, DXLD) ** AFGHANISTAN [non]. Gospel broadcast into Afghanistan Americans are in a somber mood today, with the advent of the one-year anniversary of the deadly September-11 terrorist attacks. Gospel For Asia's KP Yohannan says they're also marking the date, but with a milestone of hope. Beginning today, they are broadcasting the Gospel into Afghanistan. "We are airing this broadcast on a 500-thousand watt short wave station, which is going to be heard brilliantly. With what is happening now, we are believing the Lord to see, literally, thousands of people turn to the Lord and find hope." Yohannan believes the people are ready for the hope of Christ. He says there is still a lot of work to do and asks for support. "There are 400 or so Afghani believers that are said to be in the country. Pray that somehow, the Lord will raise up a few of them to follow-up and do things, in terms of planting churches." (Guess what --- MNN forgot to mention frequency again. -- BA) (Mission Network News via Bruce Atchison, AB, Sept 16, DXLD) That`s not all they forgot to mention. I`ve found it`s the rule rather than exception for religious programmers to be exceeding vague about the details of their broadcasts. Could it be they really don`t want to encourage donors to try to tune in? (gh, DXLD) ** ALGERIA. ARGÉLIA/ UTILITÁRIA. 6932 7TF - Boufarik Radio, Boufarik - Recebida carta QSL full data em torno de 43 dias. V/S: Azmedroub - Hocine, Le chefe de centre Enviado IR e carta em francês. Não foi enviado IRC's ou dólares para as despesas postais. Escutada transmissão em CW. A antena usada pela emissora é uma Conic (J.R.C.) com 5 kW de potência. Segundo o V/S a estação só trabalha em HF: A1A, J3E, F1B e F4. Tráfico rádiomaritimo com barcos no mar. QTH: Centre Radiomaritime, Le Chef de Centre, BP 234, 09400 Boufarik, Argélia (Rubens Ferraz Pedroso, Bandeirantes, PR, @tividade DX Sept 15 via DXLD) ** ARGENTINA. Interestingly, with the big AM, Radio 10 [710 kHz], in Argentina, we had the original choice of being non-directional with that power. We decided to go directional to push the power East over the city, then to the ocean. There is nearly no place in the market that you cannot hear us beautifully. We lost millions of people outside the city, but made the station a better contender in the city. Proof: Buenos Aires has 13 all talk AMs, and there is 40% AM share. We have 38% of it. However, impossible to do in the US, as the station has 130 employees, and just the morning show has over 30 between on air (including staff comedian) and reporters and writers (David Gleason, Palm Springs CA, Sept 15, NRC-AM via DXLD) QSL from R. Diez: http://www.kbonet.com.br/radiowaysqsl/RDiez.jpg (via gh, DXLD) ** BANGLADESH. 4880v, Bangladesh Betar, no sign of this one this season. Not propagating or off? (Hans Johnson, WY? Cumbre DX Sept 16 via DXLD) ** BOLIVIA. 6085.35, Radio San Gabriel 0930 OM, YL, ID as "...San Gabriel" 0937 on the Drake R7. 4716.84, Radio Yura, 1005-1023, good signal, OM with music, "...hermanos en bolivia...Radio Yura" (Bob Wilkner, FL, R-75, R7, NRD 535D, Sept 16, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** BRAZIL [and non]. Rudolf Grimm`s website includes photos of a number of DXers, mostly from Brasil, whose names you have seen here, under RADIOAMIGOS e SAUDADE: http://www.radioways.cjb.net (Glenn Hauser, DX LISTENING DIGEST, tnx to tip from @tividade DX) ** BRAZIL. A programação levada ao ar, em 4845 kHz, é a da Rádio Ternura FM. Foi captada, em Porto Alegre (RS), em 14 de setembro, às 0905, com a identificação: "Na Ternura FM, mais música no programa Seu Ritmo!". A emissora é de Ibitinga, São Paulo (Célio Romais, @tividade DX Sept 15 via DXLD) That would be the seldom-reported one previously known as R. Ibitinga, or R. Meteorologia Paulista, listed by PWBR as 1 kW on the strange schedule of 0700-2100 UT, and not to be confused with R. Cultura, Manaus, also on 4845, and per Shortwave Guide with 250 kW at 0800-0200 while SWG says Ibitinga runs 0800-2300. Note also that the Manaus frequency varies on the high side (Glenn Hauser, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** BRAZIL. Olá, Hoje cedo em conversa com a direção da Rádio 9 de Julho, 1600 kHz AM de São Paulo, SP, fui informado da implantação até Março de 2003 de uma frequência de transmissão em Ondas Curtas, faixa de 31 metros, nos 9820 kHz. A homologação da frequência já foi feita pela Anatel e espera-se apenas autorização para iniciar a construção de um sistema de antena e transmissor para esta frequência. Seu sinal em AM é gerado da Zona Norte de SP, região da Freguesia do Ó. Estuda- se a possibilidade de levar suas transmissões para o distrito do Jaraguá. Também nesta manhã, a direção da Rádio Capital AM, 1040 kHz informou que seus sinais de 200 kW transmitidos desde a cidade de Taboão da Serra, grande SP, serão modernizados. Seus atuais transmissores VP100A, fabricados pela Harris, de 100K, serão substituídos no segundo semestre do ano que vem por um único transmissor Nautel de 200 kW. A Rádio Cultura FM continua com problemas no seu transmissor de OC na faixa dos 16 metros (freq de 17815 kHz). Duas válvulas de saída haviam sido trocadas e seus sinais já estavam no ar desde Maio deste ano em caráter experimental. Nas últimas semanas, com uma forte chuva que ocorreu em SP, um cabo de transmissão provocou um curto-circuito em um dos sistemas de geração e o transmissor foi danificado. Ainda não se sabe se a Funmdação Padre Anchieta, proprietária da emissora vai conseguir incluir esta manutenção em seu orçamento deste ano. Possivelmente não. Forte 73' (Denis Zoqbi S 23 40' 33" W 46 45' 21" --- Se o mundo não muda, mude você! Radioescutas Sept 16 via DXLD) I wonder if 9 de Julho are aware of other stations already using 9820, such as Cuba? (gh, DXLD) ** CHINA. On a couple of occasions that past week, I am hearing some very nice, I presume, Chinese music on 17640 from about 1630 to 2000 UT (on one day a sign off, unheard, just before 2000). Having given away my Passport to Worldband Radio in Mexico, I have no current reference to check. The program is strictly music, largely strings, flutes, orchestral. No break on the hour or half hour, no announcements or IDs. A good signal with a touch of flutter, occasional brief breaks in transmission similar to the skipping on Real Audio. This is likely an outlet of China Domestic Radio network? (Roger Chambers, Utica, NY, Sept 16, ODXA via DXLD) Hi Roger: In fact, it's a jammer --- and one heckuva powerful one. It's covering Radio Free Asia and if you listen carefully, you'll notice that it's actually a loop that runs around 7 minutes, if I recall correctly. The fact that we can hear it in midafternoon all the way from the Chinese mainland makes one wonder just how many kW are being pumped into the ether! (John Figliozzi, NY, ODXA via DXLD) ** COSTA RICA. RFPI`s September-November block program schedule, including WORLD OF RADIO, Sundays at 1830+, no longer temporary: http://www.rfpi.org/quarterly-sked.html As this issue first goes out, a reminder that RFPI`s 15th anniversary Fiesta on the Air, is underway, booming in on 7445 and 15039, 0000- 0300 UT Tue Sept 17. Prepaid calls welcome to 011 506 249 1344, or info@rfpi.org (Glenn Hauser, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** CYPRUS. My interpretation of Ydun Ritz' mail: that means, IBB/VoA's Radio Sawa is using the reserve mast of Radio Monte Carlo Middle East site ? on 981 kHz - as temporary matter. They never could really erect a new mast in such a limited time there. Glenn, Why chop? I guess that's not an original IBB/VoA mast, in use at present, the RMC ME reserve mast is adjusted for that operation, maybe ??? 73 wb (Wolfgang Bueschel, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Maybe so; perhaps they can electronically compensate for the mast being the `wrong` height for the wavelength, or simply ignore it with all that power (gh, DXLD) ** CYPRUS. From BC-DX #591: OHR - Over Horizon Radar at Cyprus heard during summer on the ham radio band frequencies of 14350, 18070, and 21370 kHz (German bandwatch in FUNK magazine, Sep 2002 via Wolfgang Bueschel, DXLD) ** ECUADOR. Este é o site para download do programa DXHCJB que conta com a participação de Célio Romais: http://www.hcjb-brasil.org/audio.htm (Rogério Krüger, Radioescutas, @tividade DX Sept 15 via DXLD) ** EUROPE. De European Medium Wave Guide (EMWG) heeft nu z'n eigen domeinnaam. Wijzig daarom uw favorieten, links, enz. naar het unieke internetadres: http://www.emwg.info De EMWG heeft ook een nieuw e-mail adres: cont-@emwg.info [truncated] Naast de oude getrouwe PDF-versie (gratis te downloaden), zijn nu ook de nodige voorzieningen aangebracht voor een on-line versie. Deze is echter nog in opbouw. Niettemin kan je op de webstek al een goed idee krijgen van wat het uiteindelijk zal worden. Ter herinnering: de European Medium Wave Guide is een overzicht van letterlijk alle lange- en middengolfstations in Europa, Noord-Afrika en het Midden Oosten (Herman Boel, BDXC via DXLD). ** GERMANY. Pictures of the Wertachtal site are here: http://www.volk-muenchen.de/ Some comments: http://www.volk-muenchen.de/DCP_4800.jpg http://www.volk-muenchen.de/DCP_4829.jpg http://www.volk-muenchen.de/DCP_4830.jpg Old class-B modulation transmitters from 1972/1974, the original fitting of the station. http://www.volk-muenchen.de/DCP_4827.jpg http://www.volk-muenchen.de/DCP_4828.jpg New PDM transmitters, added in 1987/1988 when the station was extended to 16 transmitters altogether. http://www.volk-muenchen.de/DCP_4804.jpg "SArt": I guess an entry there means that another mode than DAM (AM with dynamic carrier control) is in use, at least the "AM" entries fit to low transmitter numbers one would expect to belong to the old class-B rigs. "Leist" = power, no entry no doubt means 500 kW, the single "P/M" entry is the RNW transmission on 9860, using 125 kW. "Ltg" = feed circuit. http://www.volk-muenchen.de/DCP_4806.jpg The note taped on the console deals with fax reports to the regulation authority required for other transmissions than Deutsche Welle ones (the "Jülich business" to put it simply). By the way, I just prepared an audio file of Ismaning 6085 and found that they apparently use an audio bandwidth of 6 kHz, not 4.5 kHz as earlier reported (Kai Ludwig, Germany, Sept 15, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Subject: Besuch bei DTK Wertachtal Yesterday, some German DXers visited the DTK Deutsche Telekom site Wertachtal, which belongs to T-Systems MediaBroadcast. 80 hectare wide. 39 antenna masts up to 122 meters tall. 13 transmitters of 500 kW each. T-SYSTEMS MediaBroadcast staff of 21, but on weekends only a single guy on duty. Digital pictures on homepages: http://www.volk-muenchen.de http://www.marko-koenig.de/wertachtal (via Lutz Andreas, Germany, Sep 15, via Wolfgang Bueschel, DXLD) ** GERMANY. According to the German "Kontakter" magazine, VIVA TV now confirmed that the VIVA-Radio project is dead, at least for the time being. This concerns Jülich 702 and Nordkirchen 855, both 5 kW. Reportedly the transmitters were already installed (at the shortwave site and the existing 549 kHz site, respectively) and at least 855 was already on air with 1 kHz tone. It is uncertain so far what will happen with these frequencies now. Berlin mediumwave sites: http://funk.breloehr.de/fotos-b/b_schaef.htm Schäferberg; picture of the wire antenna for 891 and 1485 (both DRM tests only) on the bottom of this page. See also http://funk.breloehr.de/fotos-b/b_scat.htm for the old 2 GHz scatter link facilities, also at the opposite station in the Harz montains. http://funk.breloehr.de/fotos-b/b_frohn.htm Frohnau; old microwave link site, now containing cellular phone facilities and another really tiny mediumwave antenna for 1485. http://funk.breloehr.de/fotos-b/b_britz.htm http://home.snafu.de/wumpus/rias.htm Britz; main masts for both 990 and 855 with screening towards Romania on latter frequency at night (but in fact 855 now operates ND all time since only 25 kW are in use anymore), vertical incidence cross dipole (it is prohibited to use this antenna anymore due to concerns about electromagnetic pollution), 6005/6190 dipoles (Kai Ludwig, Germany, Sept 16, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** GERMANY. About AFN feeds: AFRTS programming is fed to Frankfurt via the Intelsat bird at 1 degrees west (this *could* be the bird IBB uses to call AOR) in Musicam format with 128 kbit/s only. AFN Europe programming is distributed from Frankfurt to the other AFN stations via Eutelsat Hotbird, using Musicam 128 kbit/s, too, resulting in noticeable delays of transmitters elsewhere in Germany compared with Frankfurt 873 / 98.7. All satellite links are encrypted of course. When listening to the 98.7 outlet recently I found the audio quality of both satellite-fed and locally produced stuff remarkably low; some clips contained so much noise that one could believe they were recorded with the cheapest ghettoblaster. Regards, (Kai Ludwig, Germany, Sept 16, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** GREECE [non]. One of my favorites on the car radio is 17705, V. of Greece via Delano, which often plays great Greek music, and the signal is superb. But showing just how lacking is ERT`s commitment to what little English broadcasting they have, Sat Sept 14 during the 1600 hour, when Hellenes Around the World normally airs, there was instead some extremely excited play-by-play in Greek, no doubt some stupid ballgame, preëmpting, we hope (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** GUATEMALA. Radio K`ekchí in Guatemala is back on the air with the old Gates transmitter after a technician on loan from TGN installed a replacement capacitor which I had shipped down to them via another member of a volunteer team. I was supposed to have taken the part down and installed it the last week of August -- but just couldn't afford another trip so soon after returning from Honduras on the 17th. The Pastor of Radio Amistad says that they are only operating the 4700 kHz rig during daylight hours --- they are using it primarily as an "STL" to get the signal over the mountain/volcano to be rebroadcast on a little 25-watt AM transmitter on 540 kHz --- because their main FM signal on 97.6 (that`s right, .6 ) can't be heard beyond the mountain range. The little AM transmitter is being used in a "carrier-current" system in which the 25-watts of RF is fed directly into the AC power lines rather than into an antenna. Radio Amistad is located on beautiful Lake Atitlán at San Pedro La Laguna in south-Western Guatemala. The FM signal reaches into a dozen or more towns and villages around the lake. Well, that`s about all the news from the "field", Glenn. 73, (Larry Baysinger, KY, Sept 15, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Tnx, Larry; agree about Atitlán, loved my visit there (gh) ** INDIA. AIR-KOLKATA`S GLORY A THING OF THE PAST 15/9/02 ------------------------------------- KRISHNENDU BANDYOPADHYAY TIMES NEWS NETWORK [WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 28, 2002 1:53:41 AM] KOLKATA: Seventy-five years after beginning its eventful journey, Akashvani Kolkata is merely a shadow of its glorious past. Shelved projects, funds cr-unch and dearth of talents now mark an organisation which once attracted luminaries of Bengali culture. ``People like Nazrul Islam, Premendra Mitra, Nripendra Krishna Chattopadhyay and Birendra Krishna Bhadra had worked here. Nirad C. Chowdhury worked in the news section as a correspondent who later specialised as a war analyst,`` said joint director (news) Sunit Chakraborty. In course of its 75th anniversary celebrations, the AIR held a series of programmes over the past one year. Old programmes were broadcast again. Nostalgic addas were held. But no new ventures came up. Among the pending projects are `Radio on Demand` and `Radio News On Telephone`. Station director As-im Rej, however, claimed the former has already taken off. ``You have to check out the technicalities with our engineers,`` he said. ``We are also talking to our news section so that `Radio News on Telephone` can be given a shape.`` ``As people come to us, we have stopped going to them long ago,`` a senior AIR official said. And real talents by nature are shy of projecting themselves, he added. Official paraphernalia keep talents away. ``One has to wait for years to get an audition,`` an officer said. Discussions among the staff generally centre around promotions and postings. Chakraborty reminded that AIR Kolkata had a rich archive. ``If used properly, it can earn fabulous amounts and end the AIR`s paucity of funds.`` All-India Radio`s first director general and one of its key architects, Fielden, returned to England in 1944 and predicted that AIR would become just another bureaucratic organisation. He was right, fear AIR insiders (via Alokesh Gupta, New Delhi, dx_india via DXLD) ** INDIA. Current regular channels during the 1200 and 1300 hour are 4760, 4775, 4800, 4840, 4850, 4860, 4880, 4910, 4920, 4970, and 5040. No much luck in 90 mb as of late. 4820 Kolkata used to be much better, nothing heard under the Chinese here though. 4940 just a het here, 4950 nada, always tough, ditto 5050. 4960 seems irregular (Hans Johnson, WY?, Sept, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** INDONESIA. INDONESIAN FOREIGN MINISTER QUESTIONS PROPOSED BAN ON FOREIGN BROADCASTS Washington, D.C., Sept. 14, 2002 -- In an interview this week in Washington with the Voice of America, Indonesian Foreign Minister Hasan Wirajuda criticized efforts to curb foreign radio and television broadcasting in his country. Speaking with VOA Indonesian Service reporter Irawan Nugroho, Mr. Wirajuda questioned the plan by the Indonesian parliament (DPR) to launch a new broadcasting bill that would curb the relay of foreign broadcasting by local radio and television in Indonesia. "Any form of censorship, limitation or curbing of foreign broadcasting in this new world of the information superhighway will only be counterproductive," Mr. Wirajuda told VOA. "If the bill is passed by the DPR," he continued, "this kind of censorship, limitation or any kind of curbing of the free flow of information will not be effective or enforceable. This new law will merely be a piece of paper. Why should we produce a law that is not effective and enforceable?" Mr. Wirajuda added, "The legislative move by the DPR to curb foreign broadcasting is against the spirit of reform in Indonesia that the government has encouraged. "Technically," he asked, "how can we limit that kind of broadcasting? It is hard to understand. This borderless world has changed, and the free flow of information has bombarded the Indonesian public for so many years. Compared to the neighboring countries, Indonesia is left behind in this new world of information. Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines and Thailand have moved far beyond this kind of censorship." Mr. Wirajuda was in Washington to meet with members of Congress and to attend a dinner hosted by the United States Indonesian Society (USINDO). He is scheduled to address the UN general assembly meeting in New York on Sept. 18 (VOA Press release Sept 16 via DXLD) ** INTERNATIONAL VACUUM. EUROPE - GLOBAL RADIO LEARNS FROM U.S. SATELLITE RADIO MISSTEPS September 13, 2002 12:00 am, Phillips Publishing International, Inc. Interspace via NewsEdge Corporation : By Stephen A. Blum The most complex satellite broadcasting system ever proposed is under development in a nondescript office building near Luxembourg's airport. Global Radio intends to provide subscription radio service throughout Europe, beginning in 2006. It will use a powerful three- satellite, inclined orbit constellation, with each bird delivering eight beams. The manufacturer has not yet been selected. One beam will provide continent-wide service, while the other seven will focus on specific language regions. Crafting the programming line-ups will be equally challenging, balancing the near-term objective of drawing in early adopter ex-pats looking for native language programming with the long range goal of providing mainstream service to the entire European market. Content and distribution are the two primary factors that determine the success or failure of satellite delivered subscription services. These two factors explain the way the DirecTV-EchoStar battle has played out over the years and account for the failure or success of direct to consumer satellite systems in markets as diverse as Japan, Latin America and Africa. With specific programming plans yet to be drawn and distribution still in the conceptual phase, it is difficult to make system-specific forecasts for subscriber growth. However, it is possible to look at the overall European market and apply assumptions made and lessons learned in the United States during satellite radio's introduction over the past year. The result isn't necessarily a specific projection of how Global Radio will fare. Rather, it indicates what might happen in Europe if a satellite radio system were built using U.S. business models and was as well suited to the European market as XM and Sirius are to the United States. To some degree, Global Radio anticipated some of the hard lessons Sirius and XM are learning about distributing satellite radio hardware to consumers. The company is building its business plan around some cold, hard facts of the automobile industry, which remains its primary target market. Unlike the consumer electronics industry, which drives satellite television take-up in most countries, the automotive industry does not gracefully go through a complete product design cycle on an annual basis. Three to four years is more typical for carmakers. One solution for Global Radio is closer cooperation with carmakers during the development phase of its business. By the time it goes to market chip sets should be small enough and cheap enough that all in one, in dashboard receivers will be available at market launch, which would avoid a problem that XM and Sirius are currently having in the United States. Their add-on black box is a much tougher sell to automobile manufacturers. Another approach Global Radio plans to take is extended beta-testing, which will delay its full scale service launch but, it is hoped, will allow the product and service to come to market better coordinated with automotive manufacturers and distributors. On a top-level analysis, Europe has many similarities with the United States, but also very significant differences that will impact the growth of a satellite radio service. Europe and the United States have similar numbers of registered automobiles, similar annual new car sales, and similar profiles for some key early adopter segments such as long-haul truckers. On the other hand, Global Radio's total service area has significantly more TV households and roughly twice the population as the United States, but with lower gross domestic product per household. From an automotive and consumer electronics distribution standpoint, Europe sorely lags the United States. The European Union not withstanding, European retail chains and wholesale distributors still tend to be broken up into small, national operations, unlike the continent-wide retail infrastructure in the United States. Another key difference may help offset that problem, though. Viewed as a whole, the European radio market is more thoroughly divided into different language, music, sports and cultural segments than the U.S. market, where regional differences tend to be ones of seasoning rather than substance. Given radio's proven effectiveness at delivering niche programming and serving thinly segmented audiences, aggressive vertical marketing programs can go a long way towards offsetting a fragmented mainstream retail environment. Adjusting a U.S.-developed satellite radio forecasting model for the European market requires changing several assumptions, beyond population and income statistics. A European satellite radio operator will likely have to contend with slower consumer electronic manufacturer adoption and more gradual diffusion of product through retailing channels than XM and Sirius, who are already struggling with a more stubborn manufacturing and distribution system than the satellite TV had led them to expect. Targeting ethnic niches, such as the 4.5 million Turks in Germany, will probably mean more in-home subscribers, although mobile users will still be slightly in the majority. Less dependence on cars for commuting will further tip the balance. These projections indicate that a business case can be made for a Europe-wide satellite radio system to gain more than ten million subscribers within five years of launch. It quantifies a general set of assumptions about satellite radio subscription growth. Before it can be applied to Global Radio, a more specific programming line-up and beam loading plan has to be factored in, as well as specifics about distribution plans and vertical market strategies. Another unknown is potential competition. Global Radio might or might not have the European satellite radio market to itself. One potential competitor is WorldSpace. Most of the European market is above 45 degrees North Latitude, which means a geosynchronous satellite like WorldSpace's AfriStar is at a serious disadvantage when targeting mobile users. However, it's less of a problem for the in-home market, which could represent roughly half the total. Global Radio's most critical next step is locking down a second round of financing. Fund raising success will depend on Global Radio's ability to make its subscriber growth case, which in turn depends on how well it fine tunes its content and distribution strategy to capitalise on Europe's particular market advantages, while avoiding the pitfalls. XM and Sirius are also looking to the financial markets for vital additional funding. Mixed early results and a rough financial environment are making that task very difficult, but the basic assumptions that underpin the satellite radio business still appear valid and there is good reason to continue pushing forward. Stephen A. Blum is president of Tellus Venture Associates, a Marina, Calif.-based satellite consulting firm. He can be reached at email steveblum@aol.com or by phone at 831/582-0700 (via Mike Terry, DXLD) ** IRAN. WINTERTIME BEGINS ON 21 SEPTEMBER | Text of report in English by Iranian news agency IRNA Tehran, 15 September: Wintertime in Iran will start from 21 September, Iran's Presidential Office's Public Relations Department said in a press release here on Sunday [15 September]. According to the approval of the cabinet in 1991, the clocks are be pulled forward by one hour at 2400 (2030 gmt) on 21 March, marking beginning of the Iranian calendar year and is pulled back an hour on 21 September each year. The daylight saving programme will end at 2400 (2030 gmt) on 20 March 2003, the press release said. Source: IRNA news agency, Tehran, in English 1218 gmt 15 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) End? They mean resume. And it`s shifted, not saved! So the Sept 21 change is from UT plus 4:30 to UT plus 3:30. Why don`t they make this clear? Unlike so many other international broadcasters, notably the Zionist Entity, however, VOIRI timings do not shift, or shift much, depending on local time (gh, DXLD) ** IRAN [and non]. CLANDESTINE from ? to IRAN, 17510, KRSI. Sedeye Iran, 0230 hearing a bubble jammer on 17509.3 most nights, but have only heard KRSI here once in the last week. Nasty het between jammer and KWHR on 17510 (Hans Johnson, WY? Sept, Cumbre DX Sept 16 via DXLD) ** KASHMIR [non]. CLANDESTINE from PAKISTAN to INDIA, 5102, Voice of Jammu and Kashmir Freedom (Presumed), 1255 Sept 16 with hummy open carrier, start of chorus at 1300 and then talk by man. Weak, but better by 1320 (Hans Johnson, WY? Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** KENYA. BBC MONITORING'S GUIDE TO THE KENYAN MEDIA This guide was written in September 2002. It updates and adds to one published in March 2002. Contents: Introduction Media freedom Media laws Regulation of the broadcast media Self-regulation Radio and television Profiles of some Kenyan broadcasters The mainstream press News agencies "Grey literature" Appendix 1: Full list of FM radio stations in Nairobi Appendix 2: Full list of terrestrial TV stations in Nairobi Introduction The Kenyan media is the most diverse in east Africa, reflecting the existence of a sizable middle class that provides a base for substantial advertising revenue. It also reflects the rich and vibrant culture of a country that contains over 40 ethnic groups, and where many people can read, listen to or watch the media in at least three languages: their mother tongue (that of their ethnic group), Swahili (east Africa's lingua franca) and English (the language of government, of the formal business sector, and one increasingly used in everyday life). Kenyan journalism can be insightful, well written and attractively presented, but observers remain concerned over aspects of media freedom. Most Kenyans rely on the traditional broadcast media (particularly radio) for news. Outside the main urban centres the distribution of newspapers is limited. Substantial levels of illiteracy and the high cost of the papers relative to local incomes further limit readership. Recent liberalization of the broadcasting sector has had a profound effect in the capital, Nairobi, but has made much less impact in most of the rest of the country owing to continuing licensing difficulties, which have raised suggestions of government foot-dragging. The bulk of rural dwellers have no easy domestic alternative to state-owned KBC radio. The print media remains dominated by two commercial publishing houses, both of which also have substantial broadcasting interests. Poverty and a poor telephone infrastructure mean that Internet access is largely restricted to an urban elite, and is likely to remain so for many years. It was reported in August 2002 that less than 15 per cent of the Kenyan population had access to the national electricity grid, which further limits Internet usage and television viewing. Media freedom Journalism as practised in the private media is often lively, informed and stylish. However, most political reporting tends to be reactive and heavily focused on personalities. There is little solid, in-depth investigative journalism, particularly on issues which lack a clear focus on an individual political leader. The climate of media freedom has improved although incidents continue to be reported in which journalists are arrested and harassed. The era of obvious self-censorship has largely passed, although behind-the- scenes pressures on reporters, editors and proprietors remain. All mainstream media outlets are heavily reliant on revenues from advertising, and this leaves them vulnerable to the heavy influence of politics in Kenyan business life. Journalists' salaries are low, which is an inducement to corruption. The work of reporters is hindered by a culture which favours the hoarding of information. Neither the presidency nor any ministers have official spokesmen who can speak on-the-record to the media. Media laws New media legislation passed by parliament in May 2002 and signed into law by President Moi the following month raised widespread concern and criticism in Kenya and abroad. The main purpose of the new regulations - contained in the innocuous sounding Miscellaneous Statutes (Amendment) Act - is to eliminate the so-called "gutter" press (see below under "Grey literature") by increasing the registration requirements for the print media. The new law requires publishers to submit two copies of each of their publications to the Attorney-General's Office. They must also keep copies of their own publications for six months. The bond for book and newspaper publishers was raised from 10,000 shillings (about 125 dollars) to 1m shillings (12,500 dollars), which effectively locks small publications out of legitimate business and discourages micro- investment in the media sector. Those failing to meet this requirement face a fine, imprisonment and a ban on future publishing activities. Also criticized was the law's requirement that newspaper distributors and vendors (who in Kenya are generally informal one-man operators selling a bundle of newspapers by the roadside) ensure that they are selling a bonded publication, facing a fine of 20,000 shillings (250 dollars) and/or six months' imprisonment if they do not. The law also bans the screening of films, TV programmes or advertisements without a licence. In practice, the regulations are merely a minor irritant to the mainstream press and the "gutter press" publications continue to be available. But the new law does reveal a bias towards authoritarianism. In a separate development, concern has also been raised over the increasing readiness of the Kenyan civil courts to award very heavy damages in libel claims against the press. The criminal courts are also used to prosecute alleged incidents of defamation. In August 2002, an MP was jailed for six months for "publishing a alarming article" which had alleged that President Moi was responsible for tribal clashes in 1992. In separate recent cases, successful prosecutions have been brought for publishing "false" reports. Regulation of the broadcast media The regulatory body for the broadcasting and telecommunications industries is the Communications Commission of Kenya (CCK). In theory, since its creation in 1998 the CCK should have acted as a one-stop-shop for those wishing to establish a radio or TV station. In practice, the CCK has limited its role to a technical one (assigning frequencies) and has referred decisions on granting operating licences to the Ministry of Tourism and Information. Inevitably, this puts the decision in the political arena. The most publicized case where this procedure seems to have failed to ensure the granting of a licence to a bona fide applicant is that of the Nation Media Group which for some time has often stated its desire and ability to operate radio and TV stations with nationwide coverage. However, the relevant licences have yet to be granted and so Nation FM and Nation TV remain only on the air in Nairobi. The suspicion is that this is because of the Nation's reputation for good news reporting. Meanwhile, other operators (perhaps seen as less controversial in their output) have been granted authorization to operate outside the capital. Further confusion over broadcasting regulation has been caused by the apparently overlapping remits of the Ministry of Tourism and Information, and that of Transport and Communication. In a move that may clarify the situation, the minister of transport and communication indicated in August 2002 that both the issuing of licences and the assigning of frequencies would become the responsibility of the CCK. However, as the head of the CCK will remain a government appointee, its licensing decisions will still be seen as political. In July 2002 the information minister stated that 25 licences had been issued to operate FM radio stations and another 19 to run television stations. He noted that a number of licences had not been taken up by their applicants. Self-regulation In June 2002 an independent Media Council was launched by various industry players with the stated aim of raising ethical standards in the profession, handling public complaints and defending media freedom. The launch was seen, in part, as an attempt to pre-empt moves for state regulation by having self-regulation in place. The council's members, who include lay persons as well as those from the media, were nominated by the industry's representative body, the Media Industry Steering Committee. Radio and television Residents of Nairobi and its immediate surroundings have access to 19 radio stations on FM and seven free-to-air terrestrial television services (see appendices below). Listeners and viewers elsewhere have much less choice, with the state- owned Kenya Broadcasting Corporation (KBC) providing the only domestic radio and TV for most of the country. There are no restrictions on the use of satellite dishes, although their cost puts them out of the reach of all but a small minority in a country where the GDP amounts to about one dollar per day per person. Despite this poverty, the ownership of radio and TV sets is widespread. In rural areas (where most Kenyans live), TV usage is often constrained by limited access to mains electricity. Cable TV penetration is very limited. The BBC World Service (in English and Swahili) is relayed around-the- clock on FM in Nairobi and Mombasa, Kenya's second largest city. The Voice of America (also in English and Swahili) is available on FM in Nairobi. Radio France Internationale (RFI) has applied for a licence to be relayed on FM in Nairobi but this is currently stuck in the regulatory bureaucracy. Listeners throughout the country can hear the BBC and other international radio stations on shortwave. Radio stations from neighbouring countries (Tanzania, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia and Somalia) are also sometimes audible, particularly in border regions. Profiles of some Kenyan broadcasters Kenya Broadcasting Corporation (KBC) The KBC is the state-owned national radio and TV service, although it has stated recently that it no longer receives any state funding, relying instead on advertising revenue. Until the media and political liberalization of the 1990s, the KBC (known between 1964 and 1990 by the name Voice of Kenya, VoK) held the legal monopoly of all broadcasting in the country. The KBC's news output continues to give heavy prominence to government activities, in particular those of President Daniel arap Moi. If newscasts report Moi's statements or activities, however routine, such items always lead the bulletin. It does report opposition activities, though with much less prominence. The KBC's principal strength lies in its broad transmission coverage of the country. The corporation has published varying figures on coverage, with one set claiming that more than 95 per cent of the population can hear KBC radio programmes (with over half being able to do so on FM) while over 70 per cent are in range of signals from KBC television. This contrasts strongly with the country's private broadcasters, which are restricted in their transmission coverage to the Nairobi area and, in a few cases, some other large towns. As the Kenyan population remains largely rural, this means that KBC is still the only "national" broadcaster. For most Kenyans in rural areas, the only alternative broadcast media to the KBC are foreign stations. In addition to a national TV service in English and Swahili, and two separate national radio channels in these languages, the KBC also broadcasts a variety of regional and local radio services in 15 other indigenous languages. This is another strength for the KBC in an ethnically and linguistically diverse country. The KBC also has a second TV service, the entertainment-oriented Metro TV. At present this is only available in Nairobi, although an extension of coverage is planned. KBC television airs a higher proportion of domestically-produced material than its privately-owned rivals, which rely heavily on imported programming. This may make it a more authentic reflector of the nation's culture. Like some of the private stations, KBC TV relays CNN for part of the day. News from Germany's Deutsche Welle TV and China's CCTV is also carried. A similar relay arrangement with BBC TV collapsed some time ago. Perhaps the KBC's main weakness is that it is seen as the voice of the government and the ruling KANU (Kenya African National Union) party, which has held uninterrupted power since independence in 1963. The KBC's style of news presentation also seems wooden and old- fashioned when compared to the more lively feel of the private stations. Indeed, in August 2002 the outgoing KBC managing director, Joe Khamisi, acknowledged that the corporation was "at least a decade behind" in terms of modern broadcasting technologies and also lagged in other areas, including the packaging and presentation of news. He conceded that the KBC's staff had not yet reacted to the emergence of competing stations by changing their approach to think commercially rather than bureaucratically. However, KBC radio's rather pedestrian style of presentation can be more attractive to less well-educated listeners, who may prefer it to the fast pace of many private stations which use presenters who rapidly switch between various languages. The KBC maintains a text web site, known as KBC Online, at http://www.kbc.co.ke The site mainly consists of information about the KBC, but it does also carry textual news items. It has been noted that, on occasion, these items give a fuller account of the news than the broadcast version. The current managing director of the KBC, appointed in August 2002, is Caxton Mwangangi Munyoki. Formerly the deputy MD, he has a background in business management. His replacement as deputy MD is Eric Muthuuri Nyamu, formerly with the KANU party newspaper, the Kenya Times. Kenya Television Network (KTN) KTN is owned by Baraza Ltd, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Standard newspaper group (see below). KTN opened in 1990 (under different owners), becoming the first station to break the state broadcasting monopoly. At that time its open, lively and inquisitive style of reporting and presentation, and its coverage of opposition activities, contrasted strongly with the output from the KBC. The latter was stilted and generally ignored opposition activities and other news unfavourable to the government. KTN is still seen as having a much more responsive and less rigid news agenda than KBC. However, its geographical transmission coverage is less extensive than the KBC's. In addition to Nairobi, it can also be seen in and around Mombasa and Nakuru (capital of Rift Valley Province), and it has announced plans to extend transmissions to Western Province by the end of 2002. That will still leave most of the country unserved. Where it can be seen, KTN claims to be the market leader. KTN broadcasts news in both English and Swahili. Most other programmes are in English, with a heavy reliance on material imported from the West. This emphasis on English, and the fact that the bulk of its audience is in Nairobi, means that its audience profile is more upmarket than that of KBC TV. Since its inception, KTN has run a 24 hour-a-day operation, relaying CNN when not airing its own programmes. Nation FM and Nation TV These are popular FM radio and TV stations in Nairobi operated by the Nation Media Group, east Africa's largest private media company and the publishers of Kenya's highest selling newspapers (see below). They currently only broadcast to the Nairobi area. The official regulatory authority (the Communications Commission of Kenya, CCK) has so far refused to grant the group licences for national transmission, a decision the Nation Media Group's chief executive described in March 2002 as "political". Nation TV's early evening (7 p.m. local time) news bulletin in Swahili claims to have the highest ratings in Nairobi at that time (when KTN and KBC also have news in Swahili). Overall, Nation TV and Nation FM claim to occupy "the number two slots" in the Nairobi market. This places Nation immediately behind the market leaders, KTN television and Kiss 100 radio. Nation TV appears to have followed a strategy of matching some of KTN's most popular programmes with versions of its own. Kiss 100 Launched in July 2000, Kiss is now rated as Nairobi's most listened-to radio station. Its success lies in an up-tempo mixture of music presented by lively and stylish personalities. A key feature of Kiss's output is regular quizzes with large cash prizes. News output is limited to brief but regular bulletins during the peak breakfast hours. Kiss has recently embarked on an expansion programme to give it nationwide coverage. It opened a relay station in Mombasa in July 2002 and less than two months later was reported to have become the coastal city's third most popular station, behind Christian station Baraka FM and the KBC's Swahili Service. Kiss also has licences to be relayed in Kisumu, Nakuru, Nyeri and Eldoret. Kiss's success in Nairobi has been at the expense of Capital FM, which in September 1996 became the first private radio station to break the KBC's monopoly. A number of Capital's presenters and managers later moved to Kiss. By the mentions that each gives to the others, Kiss appears to have a business relationship with Standard newspapers and Standard-owned KTN television. The Kiss web site is at http://www.kissfm.co.ke Kameme FM Among the many private FM radio stations currently on the air in Nairobi, one which will be of particular interest during the coming presidential and parliamentary elections is Kameme FM. Kameme was launched in March 2000, becoming the first private station to broadcast in Kikuyu, the language of the country's largest tribe, and one strongly associated with the political opposition during much of President Moi's rule. According to Kameme's own figures, about two- thirds of the six million people who live in the greater Nairobi area speak Kikuyu. The Kikuyu factor in the coming elections has been sharpened by Moi's choice of Uhuru Kenyatta, a Kikuyu and son of Kenya's first president, as his preferred successor. Kameme's launch sparked a debate about broadcasting in languages other than English and Swahili. It was suggested by some, including Moi, that broadcasts in vernacular languages could be a cause of inter- tribal conflict. However, moves to ban such broadcasts by private stations came to nothing. (State-owned KBC has long broadcast in Kikuyu and other vernaculars. Following Kameme's launch, the KBC set up a separate station, Coro FM, to broadcast exclusively in Kikuyu.) According to its web site - http://www.kameme.com - Kameme FM's signal on 101.5 MHz covers a radius of over 90 km from Nairobi, with reception being reported from as far as 160 km away. The information on the web site was compiled in 2000, at which time the radio had a deliberate policy of not broadcasting "political news or programmes of a political nature". That has changed, however, and Kameme now broadcasts news in Kikuyu (at 7 a.m. and 7 p.m.), Swahili (at 1 p.m.) and English (at 5 p.m.). Aside from Kameme, another Nairobi private station - Radio Citizen - also broadcasts in Kikuyu. The mainstream press Four daily English-language newspapers are published (all from HQ in Nairobi): the Nation, Standard, Times and People. However, only the Nation and the Standard can claim anything approaching reliable and widespread circulation throughout the country. Both these papers are lively, with a spread of news, comment and features. News coverage and editorial comment focuses on the endless machinations of the Kenyan political elite. One obvious gap in the press market is the lack of a serious news weekly. Two titles that used to fill this gap - the Economic Review and the Weekly Review - folded in 1998 and 2000 respectively. The closure of the Weekly Review, which had been publishing for a quarter of a century, was a particular loss for those seeking intelligent political analysis. The Weekly Review's publisher, Hilary Ng'weno, is the founder of the Stellavision (STV) channel. Most of the Weekly Review's top writers now pen weekly columns in the Nation or Standard. Another gap is the absence of any press (other than a few "grey literature" titles) in African languages other than Swahili. Daily Nation and Sunday Nation These are the largest circulation newspapers in Kenya, published by the Nation Media Group (listed on the Nairobi Stock Exchange, with a substantial block of shares reportedly controlled by the Aga Khan). They claim to have around three-quarters of the Kenyan newspaper market. The Nation is seen as an independent, respected and balanced newspaper, with good journalistic standards, wide news coverage and space for a variety of opinions on political and social affairs. Its editorials are frequently critical of the government, although its columnists reflect a spread of views. The Nation Media Group also publishes the weekly EastAfrican newspaper (see below) and a daily paper in Swahili, Taifa Leo (which has a much smaller circulation than its English-language sister). Taifa Leo is currently the only non-English daily paper in Kenya. On Sundays, the Nation publishes the Swahili-language Taifa Jumapili. The Group also operates Nation TV and Nation FM radio (see above). The Nation is available at its web site - http://www.nationaudio.com In addition to being Kenya's largest commercial media house, Nation Media Group also has interests in Uganda, where it owns a stake in an English-language newspaper (The Monitor - the country's main independent paper) and one published in the Luganda language (Ngoma). It also operates Monitor FM radio in the Ugandan capital, Kampala. Nation Media Group has stated its intention to invest in the Tanzanian media market. The East African This is a weekly English-language newspaper published on Mondays by the Nation Media Group. Coverage is focused on Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Rwanda, and to a lesser extent on some other regional countries, and the paper circulates within this regional coverage area. The East African is available from the Nation's web site although the Internet version of the paper does not always update promptly. Like its cousin, the Nation, the East African enjoys a professional reputation for good journalistic standards. East African Standard and Sunday Standard The Standard is Kenya's second-largest circulation paper, after the Nation. It is the country's oldest newspaper, now in its second century of publication. At one time it was noticeably more cautious and conservative than the Nation, and much more likely to avoid open criticism of the government. It now gives coverage to a variety of opinions. The Standard was sold in the 1990s by the Lonrho group to a consortium of unnamed investors, rumoured to include Kenyan politicians at the most senior level. This does not seem, however, to have affected its editorial line to the extent that might have been expected. A wholly owned subsidiary of the Standard, Baraza Ltd, owns KTN television (see above). The Standard is available at its web site - http://www.eastandard.net The Kenya Times This is the newspaper of the ruling KANU party. In 1986, Mirror Group Newspapers of the UK (at the time owned by Robert Maxwell) acquired a stake in the Kenya Times and invested in the paper to make it the first in Kenya to have colour printing. Following Maxwell's death and the legalization of multipartyism in 1991 the paper went into decline, losing its best journalists and most of its sales. It also ceased publishing its Swahili edition, Kenya Leo. The circulation and influence of the Times is now far less than that of the Nation or Standard. The Times is available at its web site - http://www.kentimes.com The People Daily This is a daily newspaper owned by prominent veteran opposition figure and businessman Kenneth Matiba (runner-up to Moi in the 1992 presidential elections and currently leader of the unregistered Saba Saba Asili party). Its reporting strongly favours the opposition to President Moi. It has a much more restricted circulation than the Nation or Standard. Until late 2000, the People was a successful weekly with a good reputation for investigative journalism. Sales have fallen since it moved to daily publication. At present, the People does not maintain a web site. News agencies The only domestic news agency is KNA (Kenya News Agency), which is run by the government's Directorate of Information (part of the Ministry of Information). As this has offices in every district it is an important source of news - as seen from the government's perspective - from many of Kenya's remoter regions, where the private media cannot afford to deploy correspondents. Nairobi is the east African base for the major international news agencies. AFP (France), Ansa (Italy), AP (USA), DPA (Germany), Kyodo (Japan), Reuters (UK) and Xinhua (China) are among the agencies with bureaus in Nairobi. "Grey literature" Alongside the well-established and mainstream press titles are a large group of news sheets and papers which may be said to fall into the category of "grey literature". Titles include The Independent, Kenya Confidential, Kenyan Monitor, The Kenya Star, The Mirror, New Guardian, The Metropolitan, The Reporter, Tribune and Weekly Citizen. These news sheets cannot normally be bought from shops or most street vendors. Instead they are only usually available from those street vendors in the centre of Nairobi that offer a larger range of newspapers and magazines. Other characteristics of the news sheets fit them for the description of "grey literature". They are printed on cheap, poor-quality paper, the quality of printing is often low and the standards of layout and presentation do not normally match those of mainstream papers. Their articles and reports are generally unsigned, and some of the news sheets do not even carry the names of their publisher. The distribution of the news sheets is erratic and it is necessary to visit several street vendors to obtain the full range of publications. Some vendors only stock previous editions of a title but not the current one; and vice versa. The news sheets specialize in three subjects: the analysis of current political developments, usually from a supposedly inside knowledge of behind-the-scenes events; scurrilous and frequently defamatory exposes of the alleged misdeeds of prominent political figures; and other gossip about the famous. The news sheets, even those which carry lurid headlines about the supposed activities of leading government figures, are openly displayed and sold, apparently without fear of interference from the authorities. Most of the news sheets are in English, though examples in Swahili and other African languages have been seen. Although the torrid and scandalous reports in these news sheets provide entertaining reading, their value as serious providers of reliable news and thoughtful analysis is questionable. Appendix 1: Full list of FM radio stations in Nairobi \ 88.0 - Sound Asia. \ 89.3 - KBC Swahili Service (also available in Nairobi on 92.9 FM and 612 kHz mediumwave; broadcast throughout Kenya on other mediumwave and FM frequencies; also available via the WorldSpace satellite system). \ 89.5 - KBC Eastern Service in Somali, Boran, Rendille, Burji and Turkana (also on 4915 kHz shortwave). \ 89.9 - KBC Central Service in Kikuyu, Kamba, Maasai, Meru and Embu (also on 1269 kHz mediumwave). \ 90.0 - Biblia Usema Broadcasting (Christian station). \ 91.9 - Coro FM in Kikuyu (KBC-operated station; also on 99.5 FM). \ 92.9 - KBC Swahili Service (see entry for 89.3). \ 93.7 - BBC World Service in English and Swahili. \ 94.7 - East Africa Radio in English and Swahili (based in Dar es Salaam and broadcast simultaneously on FM frequencies in Nairobi, Dar es Salaam and Kampala). \ 95.1 - Iqra FM in English, Somali, Swahili and Urdu (Islamic station). \ 95.6 - KBC English Service (also available in Nairobi on 97.3 FM and 747 kHz mediumwave; broadcast throughout Kenya on other mediumwave and FM frequencies). \ 96.4 - Nation FM in English and Swahili. \ 97.3 - KBC English Service (see entry for 95.6). \ 98.4 - Capital FM in English (also broadcast via the WorldSpace satellite system). \ 99.5 - Coro FM in Kikuyu (see entry for 91.9). \ 100.3 - Kiss 100 (also broadcast via the WorldSpace satellite system). The market leader in Nairobi, this largely English-language music-based station now provides news at peak listening periods. \ 101.1 - Kameme FM (largely in Kikuyu). \ 101.9 - Metro FM in English and Swahili (KBC-operated station; also relayed on FM elsewhere in the country). \ 103.9 - Family FM (Christian station). \ 106.0 - East FM (Asian station; also broadcast via the WorldSpace satellite system). \ 106.7 - Radio Citizen (came back on the air in January 2002 after being away since the previous April when it was forcibly closed down by the authorities; also broadcasts on FM in Nyeri and Nakuru, the capitals of Central and Rift Valley Provinces respectively; programming includes relays of Voice of America in Swahili). \ 107.5 - Voice of America in English and Swahili. Appendix 2: Full list of terrestrial TV stations in Nairobi \ KBC Channel 1 (on VHF channel 4, with seven relay stations elsewhere in the country). The local rebroadcasting partner of the African Broadcasting Network, ABN, entertainment channel. \ KBC Metro (on UHF channel 31). An entertainment service. The local rebroadcasting partner of South African entertainment channel MNet. \ Citizen TV (on UHF channel 39). Operated by the same company that runs Radio Citizen. Uses CNN as a sustaining service. Operates erratically. \ Nation TV (on UHF channel 42). Operated by the Nation Media Group. Uses CNN as a sustaining service. Also relays Deutsche Welle TV news. \ Family TV (on UHF channel 45). A Christian station, linked to Family FM radio in Nairobi) \ Stella Television, STV (on UHF channel 56). The local rebroadcasting partner of entertainment channel TV Africa. Uses Sky News from London as a sustaining service. \ Kenya Television Network, KTN (on UHF channels 59 and 62, with relays in Mombasa and Nakuru). Uses CNN as a sustaining service. Source: BBC Monitoring research Sep 02 (via DXLD) ** MEXICO. XEDD, 800, Montemorelos, Nuevo León; power given as "10 mil watts" (10 kW), so it`s not a HIGH POWER outlet as I had thought; still, it puts out a GREAT SIGNAL. 73 de Steve/AB5GP (Steven Wiseblood, Boca Chica Beach, TX, IRCA via DXLD) ** MOZAMBIQUE: STOLEN NATIONAL RADIO TRANSMITTER COMPONENTS REPLACED | Text of report by Radio Mozambique on 14 September Radio Mozambique's Antena Nacional today resumed its short wave [as heard] service. The station had been forced to interrupt the service due to the theft of equipment at the Matola transmitter site. Radio Mozambique's engineers had to manufacture and install a number of key components for the transmitter that had been tampered with, notably coils, capacitors, transformers, and lightning arresters. Fernando Canana, a spokesman for Radio Mozambique's board of directors, says measures have been taken to put an end to the theft of equipment at the station's transmitter site in Matola. [Unidentified correspondent] Now that the medium wave service has been restored, what measures have been taken to curb the theft of equipment at the Matola transmitter site? [Canana] The station and the police have taken steps to curb the wave of theft. We have approached influential members of civil society to try to find ways of putting an end to theft of equipment at the Matola transmitter site. The latest incident reached alarming proportions. Yet, in less than a week our engineers were able to restore Antena Nacional's medium wave service. Source: Radio Mozambique Antena Nacional, Maputo, in Portuguese 1730 gmt 14 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) This isn`t the first time R. Moz has been ambiguous about SW and MW -- it seems the station has no clear sense of the distinxion between them! (gh, DXLD) ** MYANMAR. 5985.8, Radio Myanmar worth a listen after 1300 in September for the music. Clear channel in USB. 6570, Defense Forces Station (Presumed). 1328 Sept 16 steady tone, 1329 IS and then talk by woman (Hans Johnson, WY? Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** NEPAL. Radio Nepal, Kathmandu, gave good results during the evening on 5005, as heard across Indo-China and Thailand [in July]. It has extended its telephone call-in shows, and best heard between 1230 and 1300, in English (Bob Padula, Sept 14, EDXP via DXLD) ** NEPAL. MAOISTS BOMB RADIO STATION Kathmandu, Sept. 15: Maoists insurgents in Nepal blew up a radio relay station and a telephone exchange in a remote village while four explosions rocked the capital on Sunday, even as security forces stepped up vigil ahead of a nationwide strike called by the guerrillas on Monday. Insurgents exploded a bomb at the relay station in Parwanipur village in Bara district Saturday night, Radio Nepal reported on Sunday adding that broadcasting in three districts of Bara, Parsa and Rautahat were disrupted as a result of the explosion. The Maoists also exploded two powerful bombs at the telephone exchange centre and mobile exchange centre in the village on Saturday night, snapping telecommunication links in the three Terai districts mentioned earlier, it said. In Kathmandu, four bombs went off in commercial areas on Sunday causing no damage or injuries. From Deccan Chronicle newspaper, Hyderabad http://www.deccan.com (via Jose Jacob, VU2JOS, dx_india, Hyderabad, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** NEPAL. INSURGENTS BOMB RADIO RELAY STATIONS | Text of report by Nepalnews.com web site on 15 September Maoist rebels made two bomb attacks at the exchange transmission and mobile telephone exchange towers of the Nepal Telecommunication Corporation (NTC) in Parwanipur of Bara District [south-central Nepal, bordering India] Saturday night [14 September], causing heavy damages, the Radio Nepal reported. The bomb attack has also caused extensive damage to the FM relay station of the Radio Nepal located inside the NTC building in Parwanipur. Following the bomb attack the transmission of FM radio in Bara, Parsa and Rautahat [neighbouring districts] has been closed down altogether. The destruction of the telephone tower has led to the closing down of telephone services in Nijgad, Chandranigahapur, Jeetpur, Simara and other areas of the three districts. The bomb attack has resulted in a loss of 2.9m rupees to the Radio Nepal. The amount of loss incurred by NTC is yet to be assessed. In another attack, the rebels Saturday night fired indiscriminately at the Bara District Court injuring Chandra Mali, peon at the court. Mali is undergoing treatment at the Kalaiya district hospital. Security personnel have been searching for the rebels who unleashed both the attacks. The police have taken into custody watchman Sitaram Khadka from Lalitpur who was looking after the telephone tower. Khadka has been held for interrogation. Source: Nepalnews.com web site, Kathmandu, in English 15 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) ** PERU. 4461.6, R. Norandina, Celendín (presumed), 1038 Sept. 16, Nice to hear this one again. Beautiful Andean folk music, with occasional comments in Spanish by announcer; however, I did not catch an ID. Signal peaked around 1045 as is usually the case. Fairly good signal strength but ute QRM (David Hodgson, Nashville, TN, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** POLAND [and non]. THE MEDIA GOT IT WRONG: CARDINAL GLEMP NOT SHUTTING DOWN NATIONAL RADIO MARYJA POLSKA Warsaw, Sept 11 (CRU) Widespread international reports to the contrary, Cardinal Józef Glemp, the Archbishop of Warsaw, has not ordered the national Radio Maryja Polska network off the air by October 1st, Catholic Radio Update has been informed by a Polish correspondent. But he is ordering the local Radio Maryja station off the air by October 1st. ``As far as I know,`` the correspondent writes, ``there was nothing about the Cardinal`s ordering to shut down the network. Everything is connected with its local offices in Warsaw and the area around it. By October 1st, Father Tadeusz Rydzyk, the director of Radio Maryja Polska (Radio Maria Poland) or the pastor of the church (offices are usually located on the property of parishes) have to ask permission to exist.`` ``The Polish newspaper Rzeczpospolita was the first to report about the closing,`` our correspondent reports, ``and there was a lot of false information in the article. Other newspapers, magazines, and TV stations went the same way. Most of the journalists haven`t even read the Cardinal`s announcement, which concerned only the offices of Radio Maryja in Warsaw, not all of Poland.`` Radio Maryja Polska, a member of the World Family of Radio Maria, this past week was reported to have been ordered off the air nationwide by Cardinal Glemp. The network has a long-standing battle with many, but not all, bishops in Poland. They see it as arch-conservative, political, divisive, and a thorn in their sides. The liberal international press, secular and Catholic, has long decried it, and such reports have been picked up by international media, including National Public Radio during the recent visit of the Pope to Poland. The American Bishops` Catholic News Service (CNS) was among those reporting that Cardinal Glemp had ordered the station off the air (see its webpages at http://www.usccb.org --- the Bishops` website is complex and difficult to navigate, but click on the News Button, bottom right and then search for the news button on the right side of the next page). Catholic Radio Update reported extensively on the animus that exists between Radio Maryja Polska and certain members of the Polish hierarchy in May 2001 (#122-125). Radio Maryja Polska is solidly Polish and traditional, and its interpretations on the way Poland should take to stay that way have engendered the controversies. RMP is opposed to the westernization of Polish culture, not that Poland is not western, but in the sense that, since the fall of Communism, the nation has been invaded by the glitzy, hedonistic, consumerist, shallow values of the United States and western Europe. Further, globalization and the European Union have introduced greater international control over many of the matters that individual European nations could decide for themselves in the past. The Union treaties guarantee such things as abortion, easy access to divorce, the secularization and --- as the last century has shown us - -- eventual privatization and minimization of Christianity in what were once solidly Christian nations. Father Rydzyk, the staff, listeners, and supporters of Radio Maryja Polska have serious problems with this course of events, and they are not alone in this. Ireland, still one of the most Catholic nations in the world, also has a problem with certain aspects of the European Union. In Greece, where the Greek Orthodox Church enjoys a privileged status as the religion of 90 percent of its people, there has been strong opposition to the de facto secularization of Greek society that EU membership will require. Secularized critics of the European Union see it as the removal of local and national decisionmaking powers to that of a faceless bureaucracy in Brussels. The Pope, himself laudatory of the European Union initially, has in recent years repeatedly decried the ostracization of Christianity as a unifying factor and a recognized value in European organs of union and association. Just this past week he warned that if Europe continues to deny its Christianity, it will lose its identity. In a much-ignored comment to Polish youth at a large rally in Poland, the Pope warned them not to succumb to the temptations of a tired liberalism and globalism that will only bring more problems and sorrow. ``It is true that Radio Maryja opposes the European Union,`` reports our correspondent. ``It often goes into politics. But many Polish bishops --- even the Pope, when he was in Poland --- say that we must be very careful when we `join` Europe, mainly because of the [guaranteed] rights to abortion, pornography, and so on. The situation is complicated, because Radio Maryja sometimes stands in opposition to the Polish bishops and the Polish Church.`` Why then the problem? Our correspondents sums it up: ``Father Rydzyk is sure he owns the only truth. It`s like the Church inside the Church, the `Other Church,` a `better one.``` Database Nationwide network -- Radio Maryja. Torun: Radio Maryja: Ul. Zwirkl i Wiguri 80, 87-100 Torun, Poland. Tel 0+48 56 6552361, fax +48 56 6552362. E-mail: info.pol@radiomaria.org Website: http://www.radiomaryja.pl Audiostreams on the Internet. On the air on December 8, 1991. Transmitters (TPO, not ERP): Barlinek 107.2 FM (3,000); Biala Podlaska 87.8 FM; Bielsk Podlaski (Hajnówka) 102.0 FM (5,000); Bialystok 101.3 FM (3,000); Bielsko-Biala 88.4 FM (1,000); Bogatynia 100.3 FM (2,000); Braniewo 94.5 FM (1kilow); Bydgoszcz 88.5 FM (300 watts); Bystrzycz Klodzka 90.1 FM; Chelm 102.8 FM (2,000); Czersk 101.4 FM(500 watts); Dêbno 98.9 FM (4,000); Deblin 107.9 FM; Dolsk 104.0 FM; Drawsko Pomorskie 104.7 FM (1,000); Elblag 94.1 FM; Elk 102.6 FM (3,000); Gdansk (Sleza) 88.9 FM (5,000); Gdynia 102.3 FM (300); Gizycko (Wegorzewo) 100.2 FM; Glogów 100.6 FM(1,000); Gniezno 95.4 FM (1,500); Golonog 103.3 FM (1,000); Gorzow Wielpolski 98.8 FM; Grojec 99.8 FM; Gryfice 102.9 FM; Hrubieszów 107.5 FM (300); Ilawa 96.9 FM; Jelenia Góra 100.5 FM; Jemiolów 100.0 FM; Inowroclaw 66.17 FM (300); Jastrzebe Zorov 102.5 FM; Kalisz 105.6 FM ; Kalwaria Zebrzydowska 94.3 FM (300); Katowice 103.7 FM; Kazmierz Dolny 89.9 FM (200); Kêdzierzyn- Kozle 104.6 FM; Kielce 107.2 FM; Klodzko 106.3 FM (1,500); Kolobrzeg 100.0 FM; Konin 105.1 FM (1,000); Koszalin 107.4 FM; Koszêcin 107.0 FM (4,000); Kraków 90.6 FM (300); Krosno (Miejsce Piastówe) 100.6 FM (1,000); Krynica 93.1 FM; Kutno 88.3 FM; Kwidzyn 107.4 FM (300); Lezajsk 106.3 FM (1,000); Lêbork 92.7 FM; Lidzbark Warminski 106.2 FM; Lódz 87.9 FM (400); Lomza 73.1 FM (1,000), 103.6 FM (1,000); Lubaczów 102.3 FM (1,000); Luban 95.2 FM; Lublin 97.0 FM; Mragowo (Mikolaji) 88.4 FM (300); N. Ruda 99.4 FM; N. Targ 95.5 FM; Novo Sacz 99.1 FM; Nysa 100.4 FM (1,000); Olkusz 104.6 FM (100); Olsztyn 107.7 FM; Opole 98.2 FM; Ostrów Mazowiecka 100.4 FM (1,000); Ostró Wielkopolski 88.2 FM; Pila 100.4 FM (100); Piotrków Trybunalski 95.7 FM (200); Pisz 101.6 FM; Plock 106.3 FM; Poznan-Oiatjowo (Srem) 106.8 FM (5,000); Przemysl 105.1 FM (1,000); Rabka (Lubon Wielki) 100.7 FM (2,000); Rzeszów 100.9 FM (1,000); Siedlce 107.7 FM; Sieradz 95.2 FM; Slubice 92.3 FM; Slupsk 102.0 FM (1,000); Stalowa Wola 104.4 FM (200); Starogard Gdanski 87.6 FM; Suwalki 107.9 FM (2,000); Szczecin 101.6 FM(1,000); Szczecinek 95.0 FM; Szczytno 88.1 FM (300); Swinoujscie 87.7 FM (1,000); Tarnów 99.9 FM; Torun 100.6 FM (5,000); Walbrzych (Góra Chelmiec) 107.4 FM (1,000); Warsaw 73.7 FM (10,000), 89.1 FM (1,000); Wloclawek (Szpetal Górny) 100.9 FM (1,000); Wlodowa 104.5 FM (1,000); Wolsztyn 98.7 FM (100); Wroclaw 88.9 FM; Wysoka Wies 100.4 FM (1,000); Zagan 101.2 FM (1,000); Zakopane 98.- FM ; Zamosc 96.5 FM (1,000); Zielona Góra 90.3 FM ; Zlotów 101.1 FM (300). (1996: Count 134 stations, including. 43 OIRT transmitters, 18 of which have no co- located standard FM stations. NO change to WRTH 2001). Shortwave: The station is also heard on shortwave on leased Russian transmitters, on frequencies that change according to season. Currently, they are 15455 kHz at 7 am-10 am, and 7400 kHz at 7 pm- midnight. See the frequency page in Polish (linked below). Satellites: Eutelsat II-F2 satellite (digital), Galaxy 7, and the Hot Bird satellite (analog). In the United States it can be heard via the Dish Network. Galaxy 7: 91 West, Tele-Dubai transponder. Reception frequency 4040 MHz, horizontal; audio frequency 8 MHz. Eutelsat II-F2: 10 E, transponder 45, reception 12538.787 MHz, vertical polarization. Hot Bird: 13 E, TV Polonia transponder; reception frequency 11471 MHz, horizontal polarization; audio frequency 7.92 MHz. Covers from the North Pole to North Africa, Ural Mountains to the Canary Islands. Dish satellite (USA): for information call Centrala Radia Maryja w Chicago, tel. (773) 385-8472. U.S. & Canada AM stations: WCEW 1450 AM Chicago, Mon-Fri. 7pm-8pm, Sat 6pm-7pm, and Sun. 4-7 pm. WNZK 680 AM Detroit, Sat-Sun 8pm-9pm. WWSR 980 AM Pompano Beach, Florida, Sat-Sun 7:30pm-8:30pm. WNJR 1430 AM Newark-New York City, Sat 8pm-9pm, Sun 8:30pm-9:30 pm. WPRX 1120 AM New Britain, Conn., Sat-Sun. 7:30pm-8:30pm. CKJS 810 AM Winnipeg, Sat. 7pm-8pm, CJMR 1320 AM Toronto Mon.-Fri. 8pm-9pm. CKSL 1410 AM London, daily 8pm-9pm. See the website at http://www.radiomaryja.pl/newv/pol/info/czestotliwosci.htm (Mike Dorner, Sept 16 Catholic Radio Update, Sept 14 via DXLD) 15455, RUSSIA, Radio Maryja via Krandosar 9/10 0512-0534 in Polish. Religious hymns and choir with male conducting religious service. Mention of "R. Maryja" during talk @ 0525 and 0528. Service still going after 0534. Fair (Scott R. Barbour Jr, NH, NASWA Flashsheet via DXLD) ** SPAIN. Um espaço interessante na Rádio Exterior de España é o programa Con Respuesta, apresentado por Wenceslau Pérez Gómez. Ele responde cartas, lê poesias e opiniões de ouvintes. Destaque para os muitos pedidos de divulgação de características pessoais e endereços, que alguns ouvintes, especialmente de Cuba, mandam, com o objetivo de encontrar amizades ou futuros compromissos, leia-se casamentos. É isso aí: o rádio em ondas curtas também serve de cupido! Con Respuesta vai ao ar, nos sábados, às 1100, em 21570 kHz, para a América Latina (Célio Romais, @tividade DX, Sept 15 via DXLD) [Cubans use this show as a dating service, even arranging marriages] ** SRI LANKA. I continue to receive SLBC on 4870 and 4902 during the 1200 and 1300 hours. The channel I am not receiving is the listed English service on 4940 (Hans Johnson, WY? Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** TAIWAN. Radio Free Asia continues to use the relay in Taiwan. This is currently on the air on 11605, with Vietnamese, 1400-1500 and 2330- 0030 (Bob Padula, Australia, Sept 15, EDXP via DXLD) ** UKRAINE [non?]. According to an email from Radio Krishnaloka [nominal 7410], the station is broadcasting from "Eastern Ukraine". The staff is very interested in receptions reports which may be sent to Aradhana Priya at scsm@peterlink.ru (speaks English). A reply from "Shammohan" schyammohan@ukr.net is giving the frequency as 7415 kHz. The letter adds that the station is planning to change to "different equipment". (Bernd Trutenau, Lithuania, Sept 16, DX LISTENING DIGEST) I assume `loka` does not mean `wacky` in Russian? One place on the website mentions both 7415 and 7400, evidently as variable range; another says 7410. What does ``even days`` mean? Even days of the week? month? year? julian? Previous log on Sept 15 was certainly not an even day of the month. The Hare Krishnas are hardly a novelty in the West, tho passés (gh, DXLD) Información originada primeramente por MIKHAIL TIMOFEYEV, RUSIA, aparecida en DXplorer del 15 y 16/9: 7416.5v - 7418.3v khz - RADIO KRISHNALOKA Se trata de una nueva emisora con programas en ruso: De acuerdo a su sitio de internet (informa Mikhail), la misma transmite de 0300-0500 y 1300-1500. http://www.harekrishna.ru/news/krishnaloka.shtml e-mail: schyammohan@ukr.net Escuchada en la frecuencia variable mencionada durante sus dos bloques horarios con señal pobre en Rusia. 73's GIB (Gabriel Iván Barrera, Conexión Digital via DXLD) ** U S A. 9465, WMLK now says they are waiting on parts for the 250 kW transmitter; hope to be on at the end of the month with it. While they are working on it, operation is between 1600-2200 and is irregular (Hans Johnson, WY? Sept 16, Cumbre DX via DXLD) Pix of their new 250 kW transmitter have been up on website for months (gh, DXLD) ** U S A. U.S. TRYING TO MARKET ITSELF TO YOUNG ARABS, By JANE PERLEZ AMMAN, Jordan, Sept. 14 -- Tony Sabbagh, a veteran market researcher who positions American brand-name consumer products from Beirut to Bahrain, has been listening to the latest American promotion here: that of the United States itself. Whitney Houston, Bette Midler, combined with news at the top of the radio hour, as a way to sell the United States in a skeptical Arab world? Nice try but try again, says Mr. Sabbagh of Washington's effort to convince skeptical young Arabs of America's good intentions through a new radio station that combines pop music with news snippets and is now broadcasting in five Arab nations. "You cannot create a product out of an image," said Mr. Sabbagh, the director of Middle East Marketing and Research and who has plugged cigarettes, colas and cars across the region. "You can only promote a product if you have one." ... http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/16/international/middleeast/16ARAB.html?ex=1033164075&ei=1&en=2ad367651dea0ea5 (via Tom McNiff, Burke, Virginia, USA, and Daniel Say, SFU, BC, DXLD) ** U S A. UTILITÁRIA -- 22387.8 - United States Coast Guard NMN, Chesapeake-VA - 123 dias. Recebido cartão QSL full data, carta confirmando todos dados da escuta e informações sobre transmissões digitais. V/S.: Joseph F. Loverti, Telecommunications Specialist Third Class (Ânderson Assis de Oliveira, Itaúna, MG, @tividade DX Sept 15 via DXLD) ** U S A. 4440, WGFY (harmonic) 1480 x 3 Charlotte, NC, 1055, Sept 16, State news over "North Carolina Network" around 1055, state tourism promo then old Coke ad. Station ID at 1100, then into national network news. Good copy here (David Hodgson, Nashville, TN, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A. KOMO made a slight format change a few days ago, from newstalk (mostly talk) to all-news. They're heavily promoting 24/7 news weather and traffic, IDing as "Komo 1000 News". Art Bell moved to KVI a couple of weeks ago, now we know why. The change makes sense - Seattle lacked a decent full time all-news station (KIRO is news during AM/PM drive, KKNW is CNN Headline news, and KNWX is business news/talk), plus the old format had them competing against their sister station KVI (Bruce Portzer, Seattle WA, Sept 15, IRCA via DXLD) ** U S A. WSMV CHOOSES VETERAN AS VICE PRESIDENT AND GM By RICHARD LAWSON, Staff Writer Nashville television station WSMV-Channel 4 has hired veteran TV news executive Steve Ramsey as its new vice president and general manager. Ramsey fills the spot vacated in July by Frank DeTillio, who resigned amid falling ratings, financial challenges and staff departures. Channel 4 parent Meredith Corp. of Des Moines, Iowa, told the station's staff yesterday. Ramsey starts Sept. 23, leaving his post at Chicago-based Tribune Broadcasting, where he oversaw news departments at 23 stations across the country. Tribune's flagship station is WGN, a ''superstation'' available on cable systems in Nashville and across the country. Before his Tribune corporate post, the 27-year TV veteran had been station manager for the company's KTLA-TV in Los Angeles, which had been the first station in 1991 to air footage of police beating motorist Rodney King. He also has run news operations for WGN and stations in Houston, San Diego and Raleigh, N.C. DeTillio had been with Channel 4 for seven years (Tennessean via Charles Gossett, DXLD) ** U S A. From The Washington Post - Howard Kurtz's Media Notes column, Sept. 16, 2002. DEALING WITH STATIC The radio industry has been taking a battering as big corporations have gobbled up more stations, imposing a one-size-fits-all formula, and satellite radio has been making inroads. The National Association of Broadcasters' solution? Soliciting bids for a $250,000 public relations contract that would: "Address and neutralize negative perceptions about the industry; "Promote positive media stories about the unique value of terrestrial radio; "Provide 'rapid response' to attacks from competitors and industry critics." That should take care of it (Tom McNiff, Burke, Virginia, USA, Sept 16, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** VIETNAM. The Voice of Vietnam, Ha Noi, continues to be plagued by technical problems at the Son Tai transmitting site, used for the HF relays of the Domestic Service. There are bad spurious radiations 15 kHz either side of the nominal carrier frequencies of the transmitters on 6020 and 7210. These show up on 6005, 6035, 7195 and 7225, for the broadcast period 2200-1600. VOV Domestic Service also has programming in languages other than English. These are carried on the Network-2, such as English, French, and German, and heard on the HF relay on 6020 between 0630-0700, which is 1330-1400 local time. I think these are educational programs for schools. The VOV Hmong Network has expanded its services (see EDXP 267). The midday service was discovered on two new frequencies in the 31 metre band - 9855 and 650, from 0430-0600. Previously this service was only broadcast on 49 mb - 6165 - which is no longer used for the midday service. The morning and evening services continue on 5035 and 6165. Interestingly, the 31 mb HS relays don't seem to propagate outside of the Indo-China region after about 2300. All of the frequencies 5920 5975 6020 7210 and 9530 are usually OK here in Melbourne for the first hour 2200-2300 and again in our evenings after about 1100. Now that the Hmong Network is using 31 mb for its daytime service, from 50 kW transmitters at a place called Xuan Mai, it will be interesting if these can make it into eastern Australia during our "Daytime Summer Mode" survey! My advance information is that VOV may be abandoning all of its overseas relays for the B-02 season commencing on October 27 (Bob Padula, Sept 13, EDXP via DXLD) UNIDENTIFIED. 5005.68, Latin American. R. Jaen [PERU]??? 1010-1022, 16 Sept. End of LA Romantic song, possible canned announcement by Woman, another Romantic song, 1014 Man announcer in definite Spanish followed by soft-spoken Woman announcer at 1016. More talk by Man till fade out between 1020-1025. Been noting this weakly every morning but never strong enough to copy. Anyone know who this really is?? 73's (Dave Valko, Dunlo, PA, USA, NRD-535D and 50 meter slanted folded Tee Cumbre DX via DXLD) ### |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| DX LISTENING DIGEST 2-144, September 15, 2002 edited by Glenn Hauser, wghauser@hotmail.com Items from DXLD may be reproduced and re-reproduced only if full credit be maintained at all stages and we be provided exchange copies. DXLD may not be reposted in its entirety without permission. Materials taken from Arctic or originating from Olle Alm and not having a commercial copyright are exempt from all restrictions of noncommercial, noncopyrighted reusage except for full credits HTML version of this issue will be posted afterwards at http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldtd02.html For restrixions and searchable 2002 contents archive see http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldmid.html NOTE: If you are a regular reader of DXLD, and a source of DX news but have not been sending it directly to us, please consider yourself obligated to do so. Thanks, Glenn WORLD OF RADIO 1147: BROADCASTS ON WWCR: Wed 0930 9475 BROADCASTS ON RFPI: Mon 0030, 0630; Wed 0100, 0700 on 7445, 15038.7; webcasts also Sun 1830, Mon 1230, Wed 1300 ONDEMAND http://www.wrn.org/ondemand/worldofradio.html (DOWNLOAD) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1147.rm (STREAM) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1147.ram (SUMMARY) http://www.worldofradio.com/wor1147.html UNSOLICITED TESTIMONIAL Dear Mr. Hauser, Just a line or two to let you know that I appreciate what you are doing to promote the continued enjoyment of shortwave broadcasting. Having heard my name mentioned several times on your "World of Radio" broadcasts... (Larry Baysinger, KY) ** AFGHANISTAN. 6100, Information R, Kandahar noted here during last week around 1530-1700 and from 2300 onwards, but only ``poor``. I am almost sure that they are off at 1800-2100, since there is no trace here (Vlad Titarev, Ukraine, DSWCI Sept 11 DX Window, Sept 13 via DXLD) ** AFGHANISTAN [non]. NORWAY 18940 Radio Afghanistan Kabul 1450 Sept 14 with news item in vernacular. Maghrib prayers at 1500 followed by women program. Good reception SIO 444 (Richard Lam, Singapore, Cumbre DX via DXLD) What are Maghrib prayers? Doesn`t that refer to N Africa? ** ALASKA [and non]. The German magazine Radio Journal provides lots of info about broadcasting here, and elsewhere via: http://www.radiojournal.de/start/php4 (Glenn Hauser, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** BAHAMAS. DIOCESE OF NASSAU GRANTED BLANKET FM LICENSE TO CONSTRUCT INTER-ISLAND FM RADIO NETWORK Nassau, Sep 7, (CRA & CRU) ``The Government of the Bahamas has granted Archbishop L. Burke of the Diocese of Nassau, the island nation`s only diocese, a blanket radio license to construct an nationwide, inter- island Catholic FM radio network,`` Steve Gajdosik, president of the Catholic Radio Association announced today. ``The new license requires the diocese to contact the Bahamian Public Service Commission and notify them of the frequencies and locations on any new station located on all other islands or in all cities other than Nassau. The Catholic Radio Association of the United States and Queen of Peace Radio of Jacksonville, Florida, helped the bishop draw up the application and will help with construction of the stations. This is a big step,`` Mr. Gajdosik announced in the September issue of the CRA Newsletter. ``The Archbishop wants to build a station on any island which has more than 500 people. This means that he could have as many as 32 stations over the next several years. The stations will range from 100 watts to 5,000 watts in Nassau, Grand Bahama and the Abcos. Queen of Peace Radio will operate the stations on behalf of the Archdiocese and will utilize the services of the Catholic Radio Association in constructing the stations,`` he added. ``Ad majorem Dei gloriam!`` (``To the greater glory of God,`` the maxim of St Ignatius of Loyola, founder of the Jesuits). The Diocese of Nassau grew out of pioneer missionary work in the Bahamas carried on by the Benedictines from the 19th century. It comprises 29 parishes, has 31 priests, and there are 47,000 Catholics out of a population of 293,000, equal to 16%. A simple webpage can be seen at http://www.jampine.com/diocese/main.html The islands lie about 100 miles east of the U.S. State of Florida and extend south well into the Caribbean. There are 29 populated islands out of 700 that form the Bahamas, which was granted its independence in July 1973 by Great Britain. Nassau, the capital, has about 200,000 people and is the largest city. The nation is a member of the British Commonwealth and is distinguished by a stable, solidly democratic government and free society. The Bahamas boasts a 98% literacy rate and high life-expectancy rates as well. Tourism is the principal industry. The new FM station, with seat in Nassau, will be the first Catholic radio in the British West Indies {sic}. Two weeks ago, the Federal Communications Commission of the U.S. granted an LPFM license to a Catholic parish in the U.S. Virgin Isles (Catholic Radio Update Sept 16 via DXLD) ** BOUGAINVILLE. 3850, R. Free Bougainville, Aug 6, 1100-1103*, clear ID and interval signal heard at sign off. Much QRN and amateur QRM. (Roland Schulze, Philippines, DSWCI Sept 11 DX Window, Sept 13 via DXLD) But do they announce ``Radio Free Bougainville`` or ``Radio Independent Mekamui``? Their current mailing address is not known here (DSWCI Ed) ** BULGARIA. 9800, R. Varna verified with e-mail QSL on my reception May 12 with tape to make sure. V/S: Nataliya Gesheva, program manager. QTH: Radio Varna, 22, Blvd. Primorski, 9000 Varna, BULGARIA. Head office: tel.: +359 52/ 612 108, Publicity: tel./fax: +359 52/ 608 908, News: tel./fax: +359 52/ 608 910, Program: tel./fax: +359 52/ 608 911. Details are as follows: Radio Varna has been the first Bulgarian radio station started on Dec 9, 1934 on middle waves. It is now a regional station of the Bulgarian National Radio and it has the most modern technical equipment and studios in Bulgaria. Our new building is designed and constructed especially for the purposes of the Varna Radio station. Frequency Area FM 103,4 MHz Varna and the Northern Black Sea coast FM 88,5 MHz Burgas and the Southern Black Sea coast FM 88,7 MHz Dobrich, Golden Sands FM 88,9 MHz Provadiya SW 9,775 MHz transmission all over the world MW 981 kHz Black Sea coast and Southern Ukraine [N.B., clash Sawa, Cyprus, q.v.,moving to 990 --- gh] Here is the program and a list of the most interesting broadcasts of our station: ``Hello Sea!`` - an author broadcast of Zhoro Vasilev about the things in life - as they seem and as they are maybe not. Once a week on Sunday night a 4 hour-meeting on the waves of Radio Varna, Horizont, the programs of the Bulgarian National Radio (BNR) all over the country and on the well-known hot tel. number: 052/ 602 802. 0000-0400 local time. `` At first cock-crow`` - a broadcast of the BNR transmitted every morning of one of the 7 programs of the BNR. On Monday ``At first cock-crow`` combines various creative materials by journalists of Radio Varna on important events of the week, usually on over regional subjects according to the public's perception at 4-6 a.m. [local] The news bulletins of the Bulgarian National Radio are at 7.00, 12.00, 19.00 and 24.00. Radio Varna has news emissions every one hour from 6.00 to 20.00. Radio Varna transmits news bulletins at 10.00 and 18.00 (Masato Ishii, Shibata-shi, Japan, DSWCI Sept 11 DX Window, Sept 13 via DXLD) All times are local! (DSWCI Ed) ** CANADA. RADIO STATION PULLS CELINE SPOOF Arts NowMontreal - A Quebec radio station has stopped playing a Celine Dion parody after the singer's husband threatened to sue for copyright infringement.Station manager Luc Tremblay said Thursday that Montreal's CKMF would stop drop the song, a French-language parody of Dion's I'm Alive entitled A m'enarve (She Drives Me Nuts). The decision came after Dion's husband and manager, Rene Angelil, phoned the station Tuesday to complain. "He was not happy at the time and not relaxed," Tremblay said. "But he was very classy. He has a way of being angry that's very civilized." Angelil filed a formal legal notice of intention to sue Wednesday if the song was not pulled from the playlists of CKMF and eight other stations in the Radio Energie network. He also asked Tremblay to stop playing any of Dion's songs on the network. Tremblay turned down the request. "As long as listeners want to hear Celine Dion, we're going to play it," he said. For more arts news, listen to The Arts Report weekdays at 7:12 a.m., 8:12 a.m. and 5:55 p.m. on CBC Radio Two. Copyright 2002 Canadian Broadcasting Corporation - All Rights Reserved (CBC News via Fred Waterer, DXLD) ** CHINA [non]. 5925 CLANDESTINE Falun Dafa Radio via Sitkunai, Lithuania 9/11 2122-2201* in Mandarin?. Talk and music noted with mention of "Falun Dafa" at 2148 and "Falun Gong". Several tentative IDs by female noted. Chinese jammer music at 2133 heard underneath , but didn't disrupt too badly. // 9945 on the other hand was a mess of jammer QRM. Fair (Scott R. Barbour Jr., NH, NASWA Flashsheet via DXLD) CLANDESTINE from RUSSIA to CHINA 6035 Falun Dafa station reported on this new frequency at 2100-2200 // 9945 (Hans Johnson, Sept 13, Cumbre DX via DXLD) By whom? ** COLOMBIA. Glenn, I may have contributed to a certain confusion here, but La Voz de tu Conciencia, 6010, ex-6060 and 6065, is not really a ``gospel huxter`` nor a ``gospel pirate``. Only limited portions of the total airtime are devoted to low-key talks centering on issues such as the youth, the family, the truth, war, peace and oppression, many of which are discussed in the light of Christ`s Sermon of the Mount, one of the major ``philosophical`` pieces of Christianity. The station is strictly non-denominational but decidedly Christian in scope, focusing on the present turmoil in Colombia and neighboring countries. All Colombian combatant forces do in fact listen to the broadcasts and appreciate them, and so the station has remained untouched despite its location in the midst of an area of intense armed strife (the Colombian ``llanos``) where at least one of the parties involved in the conflict, the guerrilla, has imposed a ban on all existing evangelical churches. You may gain a greater understanding of how it all started by reading Russel M. Stendal`s book ``Rescue the Captors``, first printed in 1984, ISBN 0-931221-01-3 (for the current paperback edition). Most of this book is a translation of ``Secuestro y Reconciliación``, which was written directly in Spanish by Stendal when captive with the guerrillas in 1983. This book was handed over to the guerrillas when Stendal was freed, and it has been circulating among them ever since (Henrik Klemetz, Sweden, Sept 14, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** COSTA RICA. Radio For Peace International's Weekly Program Update for the week of 15 - 21 September 2002 =============================================================== Frequency Schedule: BAND FREQUENCY/MODE UTC/GMT TIME (frequencies/hours subject to change without notice) 40 meters: 7.445 MHz (AM): 0000 - 0800 19 meters: 15.040 MHz (AM): 2100 - 0500 13 meters: 21.815 MHz (USB): 1200 - 0200 (currently off the air) And streaming live on the Internet in MP3 at http://www.rfpi.org Note time changes. I notice that 1830 Sunday is now shown as a WOR time, so maybe it`s official, rather than a fill-in (gh, DXLD) {Yes} ** CYPRUS. In an e-mail message to me Radio Sawa say that they are going to move from 981 kHz to 990 kHz from next Tuesday (Björn Fransson, island of Gotland, Sweden, Sept 15, hard-core-dx via DXLD) I wonder why? Must be rather drastic. MW antennas are engineered for a specific frequency; now they will have to chop some of it off for the right wavelength. Any QRM problems should have been anticipated! (gh, DXLD) Radio SAWA is continuing to violate international telecommunication agreements. The 500 kW transmitter in Cyprus has not been coordinated with the ITU (resp. the frequency authorities in the region as required by the ITU), the permitted power on 981 kHz is only 100 kW. Apparently the interference on 981 to stations in the region (like Greece, Bulgaria and Egypt) has been so severe that a new frequency had to be chosen. With the new 990 kHz the station is now "highjacking" a Lebanese frequency (coordinated in the Geneva Plan for a 100 kW transmitter at Amchit). (Bernd Trutenau, Lithuania, BDXC-UK via DXLD) This is also going to cause some mighttime trouble in West Wales with BBC Radio 5 Live on 990 (Ken Fletcher, 1530UTC=1630UTC+1, 15th September 2002, ibid.) ** DENMARK. Hello Glenn, A majority of the journalists at Danmarks Radio has confirmed the agreement for a new wage system. The journalists will resume work on Monday September 16th after then four weeks of strike. Danmarks TV 2 in the News 1700 UTC (14/9-2002) Best 73s (Ydun Ritz, Denmark, Sept 14, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** ERITREA [non]. 6350, Voice of Peace & Democracy of Eritrea, Mek'elé, Tigray, Sep 4, 0328-0350*, Tigrinya announcer, talk and Horn of Africa songs. 32333. At *0355 the same transmitter opened with orchestral Horn of Africa music and from 0400 the ordinary news programme in Tigrinya from the official ``Voice of the Tigray Revolution`` in Ethiopia. 5500 was heard in parallel with a very faint signal just fading out (Anker Petersen, Denmark, DSWCI Sept 11 DX Window, Sept 13 via DXLD) ** FINLAND. 6170, Scandinavian Weekend R., Villat, Sep 7, 0800-0900, ``DJ Madman with ``Radio Roulette`` with interviews from the EDXC Conference of Bob Padula, Osman Erkan (Voice of Turkey), Andrew Janitschek (R. Free Asia) and yours truly. 24333 quickly deteriorating to 14232. QRM Croatia 6165 (QSA 2). Parallel 11720 was totally covered by the Voice of Arabs, Cairo. Later on, at 1240 6170 was heard with 25232 and 11720 better with 33333 fighting with Cairo. At 1625 SWR was heard with 22222 on 6170 under Deutsche Welle in English (QSA 4). The evening before at 2250 it was also heard on 5980 with 23222 squeezed between BBC WS 5975 (QSA 4) and R Liberty in Russian 5985 (QSA 5). (Anker Petersen, Denmark, DSWCI Sept 11 DX Window, Sept 13 via DXLD) ** FINLAND [non]. Långåminne: DXing UK from Finland: In spring 1990 Jari Sinisalo and Jukka Soini were researching maps to find the ideal location for listening to radio stations from the British Isles. They found a camping site, which became an instant success among Finnish DXers. During the first 12 years, over 230 DXpeditions have been held in Långåminne... http://www.dxing.info/dxpeditions/langaminne.dx (Mika Mäkeläinen, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** INDIA. 4860, AIR Delhi has some problems at its transmitter in Kingsway. On Aug 28 at 1815-1930* I heard it in Urdu as usual with 44444. But it was also heard with weak, spurious signals in parallel on every 16.2 kHz away from 4860: on 4795.2, (4811.4 was covered by QRM, probably Yerevan), 4827.6, 4843.8 and 4876.2, 4892.4, 4908.6 and 4924.8 (Anker Petersen, Denmark, DSWCI Sept 11 DX Window, Sept 13 via DXLD) ** INDONESIA. 3976.1, RRI Pontianak, Aug 1, 1130-1145, Bahasa Indonesia, ``Warta berita``, 45555. Weak spurious signals heard on 3876.2 and 4075.9 (Roland Schulze, Philippines, DSWCI Sept 11 DX Window, Sept 13 via DXLD) ** INTERNATIONAL VACUUM. From an Early Sputnik Diary of HAROLD A. ZAHL; Source: IRE Transactions on Military Electronics, April-July 1960, Pages 320-322 Summary: Like almost everyone else in the world, personnel of the U. S. Army Signal Research and Development Laboratory (USASRDL), Fort Monmouth, N. J. were caught by surprise when the U.S.S.R. successfully launched earth satellites in October and November, 1957. The narrative which follows portrays some of the happenings in our environment when the BEEP-BEEPS descended upon us. I should mention, however, that any humor the reader may see in the latter-day remarks which constitute this diary was certainly nonexistent during the long, dreary 40 days and 40 nights when, in the wilderness of outer space, we were "wrestling" with these electronic invaders. It is only in retrospect that we can now smile.... http://www.infoage.org/sputnik3.html (R390 mailing list via Phil Atchley, swl via DXLD) ** ISRAEL. A reminder that all the Kol Israel networks will be off the air for Yom Kipur --- between Sunday afternoon and Monday night Israel Time. According to Haaretz, the Kol Israel networks stop broadcasting around 3 PM Sunday to 8 PM Monday (Israel Time). The networks vary a bit. Israel changes to Standard time on Oct 6 (Daniel Rosenzweig, NY, Sept 15, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** ISRAEL. ARUTZ 7 TO OPERATE TV STATION From RadioCarolineMailinglist@yahoogroups.com (This article appeared in yesterdays Yediot Achronot newspaper - here is a translation. By the way, you can see an article I wrote, that will appear in the next edition of Offshore Echoes, predicting this, as I recently visited the Arutz 7 " Internet TV " studios just outside of Tel-Aviv. Mike Brand) The owners of the pirate radio station Arutz 7, who identify with the right wing, are planning to start a new television station, whose broadcasts will originate from Europe, and will be picked up in Israel through satellite. According to the plan, the station will broadcast 24 hours a day in Hebrew and English. The programmes will include News, current affairs, Jewish History, and Torah ( Bible ). The estimated time that the station will come on the air is " within three months " Arutz 7 owner Yaacov Katz adds that the channel`s representatives are raising funds in Western Europe and the USA. Their target is 25 million shekels ($530,000 ), which is mainly for the infrastructure. Katz goes on, "Part of the money has already been raised from Jews in the past two weeks in England, Belgium and the USA." In the first few months the broadcasts will be prerecorded, and the changeover to live and daily news broadcasts will occur within 6 months. Arutz 7 announced that next month, special sales spots will open to sell the satellite dishes that can pick up the broadcasts. These dishes will cost 2000 shekels each (about $422). (via Mike Terry, DXLD) ** KASHMIR [non]. PAKISTAN. For some years now, R. Pakistan, Islamabad (100 kW) has been heard at night on 4790.4 kHz with the Rawalpindi III program (Azad Kashmir) from *0042-0215* which was changed to *2342- 0115* when Pakistan introduced Summer time this spring. Furthermore the 10 kW Rawalpindi transmitter has been reported using 4790.0 from *0230-0430* and supposedly *0130-0330* during summer. But on Aug 10 and again Sep 2 I heard R. Pakistan on exactly 4790.0 with programs in Urdu and supposedly Kashmiri (clearly different from Urdu) at 0055 (tune in) with 44333 (which indicated 100 and not 10 kW) till fade out 0205 and without any shift in transmitter power. A shift from 100 to 10 kW would have been noticeable. It looks like the 100 kW Islamabad transmitter finally has been adjusted to its nominal frequency, and it has extended schedule which also covers the former schedule of the 10 kW Rawalpindi transmitter. Sep 2, 1700-1713* I heard R Pakistan, as scheduled with Urdu news, 1705 Call to Prayer, and 1710-1713 the usual ``Azad Kashmir`` martial song - and again the frequency was 4790.03 to be exact (Anker Petersen, Denmark, DSWCI Sept 11 DX Window, Sept 13 via DXLD) ** KOREA SOUTH [non]. 3480, Voice of National Salvation verified with QSL letter (but no data). I recently observed QSL information from that station. QTH: Grenier, Osawa 107, 40 Nando-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan. and NDFSK (National Democratic Front of South Korea) mission in Japan. NDFSK Mission in Pyongyang is QTH: Munsu-dong, Taedonggang District, Pyongyang, D.P.R.K. E-mail: ndfsk@campus.ne.jp Korean program: 2000-0100, 0300-0700, 1000-1700 on 1053, 3480, 4400, 4450, 4557 and 0000-1200 on 6100. English program: 0030-0100 on 1053, 3480, 4400, 4450, 4557 (Masato Ishii, Shibata-shi, Japan, DSWCI Sept 11 DX Window, Sept 13 via DXLD) ** KURDISTAN [non?]. 5902.05, Voice of Iraqi People, Iraqi Kurdistan, Sep 08 & 10, *0255-0425 (fade out), Arabic IDs by man: ``Huna sawt al- Shab al-Iraqi, idha`atu al-Hizb al-Shuju`i al-Iraq``, talk by woman about Iraq and Syria, song // 3903 which faded out first, 25232 (Anker Petersen, Denmark, DSWCI Sept 11 DX Window, Sept 13 via DXLD) ** KYRGYZSTAN. Hi Glenn, I assume the website of the Kyrgyz embassy in the USA is official enough to provide the official name forms for this country, see: http://www.kyrgyzstan.org The official name in English is KYRGYZ REPUBLIC (in Kyrgyz: "Kyrgyz Respublikasy", you see it in the state emblem), the alternative, short form in English is KYRGYZSTAN. You may compare these two forms with "Czech Republic" and "Czechia". The outdated English form "Kirgizia" was common in the times of the Soviet Union and is based on the Russian "Kirgiziya". Now the official Russian form as decreed by the Kyrgyz authorities is "Kyrgyzskaya respublika" (with the short form "Kyrgyzstan"), though in Russia you may find all three forms Kyrgyz respublika / Kyrgyzstan / Kirgiziya. Regarding the "Turk countries" (which do include Kyrgyzstan) you find a good overview for example on this website: http://www.ulkucuhareket.dk/ulkucuhareket/sayfalar/turkyurtlari/turkdunyasibag.htm 73s, (Bernd Trutenau, Lithuania, Sept 14, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** LIBERIA. Report On the Founding Conference of the Liberian Leadership Forum http://allafrica.com/stories/200208300034.html The monopolization of short-wave radio transmission by President Taylor's radio station would come to an end, he suggested, if the decision to allow Radio Veritas to begin short-wave transmission were to be implemented. He stressed the need for the establishment of other short-wave broadcast facilities in view of the fact that radio is a more effective medium for empowering the citizenry in the Liberian context (via NASWA Flashsheet Sept 14 via DXLD) ** MONGOLIA. /INTERNET Voice of Mongolia is one of those stations that I have never been able to log on shortwave (only tentatively) --- not that I have spent a great deal of toil or sweat to do so…just one of those stations that has never left my want list. At the same time I have had a certain fascination with the country since I was a young lad and we learned about Genghis Khan in primary school. It is also one of those nations that are somewhat remote, obscure, unknown in this part of the world. I am intrigued by places like that…North Korea, Tibet, Saudi Arabia, Communist Albania, where very little is known about the country in the "outside world". I recently stumbled on to the Voice of Mongolia website and its really quite a nice one. As a somewhat novice internet surfer, I like it because it is simple, giving pertinent information without a lot of bells and whistles and razzmatazz. This could also describe the programming at the Voice of Mongolia, which I listened to in real audio (Monday, Wednesday and Friday programs are archived). I heard the most recent broadcast --- it opened with an interval signal (kind of cool sounding actually), ID in Mongolian and English. A woman, who anchored the entire show gave times and frequencies then straight into a very lengthy interview with a recently arrived (Australian) journalist who is going to work for Mongol Messenger one of three English newspapers in Mongolia. The journalist, a woman from Adelaide, was interesting in her own right, having seen a large part of the world. She has worked at a radio station in South Africa, in a region of the country where the nearest water was a km away, and as a teacher of English in China. The interviewer had a delightful, if unpolished presentation style. An interesting part of the website describes the personalities at Voice of Mongolia. "There are at present 5 staff at the English Section of The Voice Of Mongolia. They are: Ms. Oyunchimeg - editor-in-chief (responsible for everything, good or bad!); Ms. Bolor; Ms. Ariunzaya; Ms. Tomor; and Mr David O'Connor. These staff are all involved in every stage of programming, from identifying the story to the final broadcast! Mongolian names sometimes present difficulties to foreigners; Mongolians usually use one name (first name), which is often shortened with familiarity. So, Oyunchimeg is usually called Oyunaa in the office. The father's name, usually abbreviated and put first (e.g. Ch), distinguishes between people with the same name. The range of Mongolian names has until recent times been quite restricted, so there are many people with the same name - there are, for instance, two people called Bolor and three called Naraa in the station within calling distance of each other! But many countries of the world have a number of names, which are very common. As in many other countries, context means that confusion is rare. As is also common throughout the world, Mongolian names usually have meaning; so, Oyunchimeg means something like "turquoise decoration"; Bolor means "crystal". We have been improving and altering the style of broadcast to make our programmes much more 'listener friendly' than before. We are also hoping to upgrade equipment to make the programming more flexible and lively, to take the broadcaster out of the studio more and widen the scope of what we can bring to the listener. We can't run to live outside broadcasts yet, but we are bringing our surroundings to you as best we can! We operate on the principle that Mongolia is one of the most mysterious places in the world; but now that the country has embraced democracy, it is trying to be much more open to the rest of the world. Not everybody can manage to visit Mongolia, so The Voice Of Mongolia sets out to tell the world everything it can about this fascinating country - and maybe we can tempt you to come and visit us!" Music on the program consisted of one song after the lengthy interview, which would have been right at home on Much Music, MTV or BET -- sounding like one of the current groups (Destiny's Child?) very soulful, 3 part female harmony, but in Mongolian. The program ended with another rock song I would describe as a cross between "Mongolian Elvis" and Tom Jones. A brief feature on the congress of foreign Mongol scholars being held in the capital was inserted between the two pieces. Give the website a look at http://mongol.net/vom/archive.htm (Fred Waterer, Programming Matters, Sept ODXA Listening In via DXLD) ** NICARAGUA. 5770, 0010-0050, R. Miskut, Sep 7. Very weak but some audio manages to get thru. First time heard in several months. Some RTTY interference. Sheryl Crow tune at 0016. Signal dropped a bit at 0018. Back up at 0020 with more US pop tunes. Male announcer at 0025 with brief statement and back to music. Tune at 0026 in Spanish and then male announcer again but much better audio. Full station ID with notice of FM station at 0029. Station on and off several times during announcer statements at 0030. Back to music at 0033. S7 signal level now. Much better reception. Still going after 0045 (Bob Montgomery, PA, NASWA Flashsheet via DXLD) Still USB plus carrier? (gh, DXLD) ** PARAGUAY. Dear Mr Glenn Hauser: Greetings from Paraguay! To advise that we have modified our test transmissions. We are now transmitting on 7300 KHZ, beamed at 4 degrees, and on 7373 KHZ, beamed at 184 degrees. The antenna used with 4 degrees has a theoretical gain of 8,84 dBi. The antenna used with 184 degrees has a theoretical gain of 25 dBi. The power, in both cases, is 800 Watts. These tests continue, the 24 hours, all days. Your reception reports will be most welcome! With best regards. (Adán Mur, Technical Advisor, Radiodifusión América, Asunción, Paraguay ramerica@rieder.net.py Sept 14, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** PHILIPPINES. Dear Glenn, Thanks for including my Pilipinas clip in your current WoR [1147]! Maybe you noticed that they still announce 12015 kHz which some time ago was replaced with 11885, which also had a good signal in Bangkok. Still sunshine in Copenhagen from a blue sky. No rain since early August, so everything is VERY dry. 73, (Erik Køie, Denmark, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Yes, I did ** RUSSIA [non?]. September 15, +0323-0420+, 7416.5-7418.3v, Radio Krishnaloka in Russian (unknown site) poor to fair to almost good with some QRM from WBCQ + utility (CW, RTTY on 7421). According to http://www.harekrishna.ru/news/krishnaloka.shtml (unfortunately, in Russian only) Radio Krishnaloka has broadcast on SW from September 1st, 2002 on 7410 kHz at 0300-0500 and 1300-1500 UT on even days only. They have two postal addresses in Donetsk, Ukraine and in Moscow (ul. Avtozavodskaya, dom 6, kvartira 24 A) and one e-mail address as schyammohan@ukr.net (Mikhail Timofeyev, St. Petersburg, hard-core-dx via DXLD) ** RUSSIA. Hi friends, on my homepage http://www.eibi.de.vu/ you may now also find reception report forms (with instructions) for RUSSIAN LANGUAGE. It is available both in WORD and PDF format. Furthermore there is a file to print Russian PPC cards, so that you'll get a detailed QSL. Shortwave schedule and German FM list are there, as before, to your service. 73, (EiBi, hard-core-dx via DXLD) ** ST. HELENA. [HCDX] R. St. Helena need your help I just got a message from the new clerk at R. St. Helena (Claire) - she has got some returned QSL where the address was wrong or the recipient has moved. I would appreciate if you could help Claire by sending the corrections of the following peoples addresses: Dick Goose, 1 SWL G20985, UKRS 07101. This one was just an International Short Wave League card. Thomas Gollmer, Plaustr. 10, 04179 Leipzig (Neulindenau), GERMANY. This is a two page letter/reception report. Rainer G Berns, Ahornallee 46 A, D-14050 BERLIN, Deutschlamand/ Germany/Allemagne. This is a two page Letter/Reception report. Richard Bonney, 916 W. Main St., Festus, MO 63028, USA. E-mail: RICKJAYNE9@AOL.com. This is a three page Letter/reception report. Richard Bradley, 178 Merrimack Street, Methuen, MA 01844, USA. This is a front/back reception report. Paul Biggin, Kirkham, Lancs, England. This is a general letter confirming he heard the transmission. Cliff Cardwell, 1809 Carrier Place, Grand Prairie, Texas 75050, USA. This is a three page letter/reception report. B Cooley, 4210 Morris Drive, Victoria, B.C., Canada V8X 4G8, This is a two page letter/reception report. [see below] Hans Fred, Hultakullav.57, S-43791 Lindome, SWEDEN. This is a Reception report page George Baitzel, 1082 Shallcross Lake Road, Middletown, DE 19709 USA. Just a letter/reception report Please send the corrections direct to Claire at radio.sthelena@helanta.sh Thanks for your assistance! By the way - The Station Manager during decades and responsible for the worldwide broadcasts - Mr. Tony Leo - will now retire next week - don't know who the new Station Manager will be (John Ekwall, Sweden, Sept 13, hard-core-dx via DXLD) As I already E-mailed RSH, B. Cooley, unfortunately, deceased a couple years ago. No doubt he would have enjoyed a timely reply (gh, DXLD) ** SRI LANKA. Wj8712P EWE oriented S (Typical subcontinental direction at local dawn is SSW, not the expected NW for India/Pakistan/Sri Lanka -- this has been noted numerous times in coastal DXing at Grayland) 4902, SLBC (National Service) 1322-1421 Sept 15, Subcont music followed by M and F announcers. At 1335-1339, seemed parallel with weaker 4870 with M and F in local language. 4902 clearly the better of the two frequencies. After Top of hour tentative ID continued with subcont music. Best of the start of this tropical season at 13,630 km transmitter to receiver [how are you measuring that if not great circle???? -- gh] 4870, SLBC (National Service) 1332-1348 M and F in local language. Poor levels, right at the noise floor. At 1335-1349, M and F seemed to be in parallel with 4902, but difficult to tell. By 1341 into subcont music not parallel to 4902 (Don Nelson, OR, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** SWEDEN. 6095, R. Sweden. This spurious signal (6065 + 30) reported in DX-Window no. 202 was audible daily until Sep 2, *1544-1625* while the carrier from R. Polonia was on; Swedish news ``Dagens Eko`` was heard very clear (35444) and // 6065 (55555), 13580 (35434), 17485 (35444) and MW 1179 (55555). The modulation on 6065 could be seen on the S-meter, to a greater extent than on 6065 - like DAM, Dynamic AM. At 1559-1625* R. Polonia had its broadcast in Czech or Slovak with R Sweden modulated weakly underneath. It disappeared 1625 while R Sweden on 6065 continued. Also heard weakly under R. Polonia in Polish on 6035 (6065 minus 30) at 1545-1625*. During own, modulated programs R. Polonia frequencies were disturbed by a terrible noise. Engineers from Swedish TERACOM confirmed that there are only three SW transmitters in Hörby and that R Sweden does not use a relay abroad for this broadcast. On Sep 3 & 4 R. Sweden was no longer heard on 6095 or 6035 and the Polish carrier on 6095 first signed on at 1558:30, so obviously some correction has been made at one or both transmitters (Erik Køie and Anker Petersen, Denmarks, DSWCI Sept 11 DX Window, Sept 13 via DXLD) ** THAILAND. Tried 6765 reported by Padula under LAOS on Sep 10 at 1200 UT and heard Bangkok Meteorological Radio broadcasting from Thailand. It is operated by the Meteorological department and uses 10 kW. It broadcasts maritime weather information for regional shipping routes. The station uses a melodious music box interlude. Also on 8743 USB parallel (Richard Lam, Singapore, Sept 10, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** TIBET [and non]. 7385, Voice of Holy Tibet, Xizang PBS, Lhasa, Tibet, via Xi`an, Shaanxi (50 kW -- but sounds like 500 kW! Ed), Sep 3 & 4, Tibetan service until 1630, then the new programme in English until 1650*. ID and talks about the protection of wild animals in Tibetan valleys. Tibetan music. 45444. The program was heard with more poor quality in parallel on all other scheduled frequencies of the Tibetan Service: 4905 (25222), 5240 (23232), 6110 (25232), 6130 (35333), 6200 (21311) and 9490 (21221). 1649 Short closing announcement in Tibetan and close down. But the carrier continued until 1700* with test tones 7 seconds + 7 seconds pause, and so on from 1655 (Erik Køie & Anker Petersen, Denmarks, DSWCI Sept 11 DX Window, Sept 13 via DXLD) So is 7385 the only frequency for this sited outside Tibet? (gh, DXLD) ** TINIAN [and non]. While searching for a different subject, I came across a portion of an article by you concerning the delay between RFA broadcasts. All RFA broadcasts are from the same source, POR @180 degrees lon. [I suppose that refers to some satellite directly over the dateline? Ah, IBB lingo for Pacific Ocean Relay, as opposed to AOR, right?] We intentionally insert delay at the site between separate (frequency) broadcasts of the same program. At times, we have six 500 kW and two 250 kW transmitters on the air; we have to be careful of power surges on the local power grid. You can imagine what would (and has in the past) happen if all eight transmitters lost modulation (the music stops, the announcer is quiet) at the same time. Hope that clears up an old question. [Later:] Glenn, That is correct. I am not sure of the correct name of the satellite, but back in my old TV days here, it was one of the PanAmSat series. We receive our programing in Scientific-Atlanta PowerVu digital format and a T1 stream as backup. Our other backup is from AsiaSat a bird at 121 degrees. Interestingly enough, this bird failed to go into geosync orbit, was hauled back by the shuttle, sold by the insurance company to Communist China and put back in its present orbit. So, we get programming to broadcast to Communist China via a Chinese satellite. Go figure! Also, this programming includes RFA (80%), VOA (19%), Radio Austrailia (1%) for a total of 135 broadcast hours per day. This does not include the 37 Bhrs/day from Saipan. There is a photo of the Tinian site on my webpage: http://www.tourtinian.homestead.com it is at the end of the WWII section http://www.tourtinian.homestead.com/WWII.html (Larry Brewster, Boeing Service Co., Robert E. Kamosa Transmitting Station - Tinian, Sept 15, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** TURKMENISTAN. 4930, Türkmen R HS 2, Asgabat, Sundays Aug 25 and Sep 8, 2105-2300*, Turkmen announcements, operatic concert, 2258 ID and national hymn by choir. 35444. Different programme on HS 1 on 5015. It had signed on again as scheduled upon recheck 0108. HS 2 is scheduled 0100-2100. Further checks will show, if the expanded night broadcast is daily (Anker Petersen, Denmark, DSWCI Sept 11 DX Window, Sept 13 via DXLD) ** U S A. RELIGIOUS AND PUBLIC STATIONS BATTLE FOR SHARE OF RADIO DIAL From http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/15/national/15RADI.html?ex=1032753600&en=cdb8f7be2358d96b&ei=5040&partner=MOREOVER By BLAINE HARDEN LAKE CHARLES, La., Sept. 13 - The Rev. Don Wildmon, founding chairman of a mushrooming network of Christian radio stations, does not like National Public Radio. "He detests the news that the public gets through NPR and believes it is slanted from a distinctly liberal and secular perspective," said Patrick Vaughn, general counsel for Mr. Wildmon's American Family Radio. Here in Lake Charles, American Family Radio has silenced what its boss detests. It knocked two NPR affiliate stations off the local airwaves last year, transforming this southwest Louisiana community of 95,000 people into the most populous place in the country where "All Things Considered" cannot be heard. In place of that program - and "Morning Edition," "Car Talk" and a local Cajun program called "Bonjour Louisiana" - listeners now find "Home School Heartbeat," "The Phyllis Schlafly Report" and the conservative evangelical musings of Mr. Wildmon, whose network broadcasts from Tupelo, Miss. The Christian stations routed NPR in Lake Charles under a federal law that allows noncommercial broadcasters with licenses for full-power stations to push out those with weaker signals - the equivalent of the varsity team kicking the freshmen out of the gym. This is happening all over the country. The losers are so-called translator stations, low-budget operations that retransmit the signals of bigger, distant stations. The Federal Communications Commission considers them squatters on the far left side of the FM dial, and anyone who is granted a full-power license can legally run them out of town. Religious broadcasters have done this to public radio stations in Oregon and Indiana, too, and many large-market public radio stations, like WBEZ in Chicago, complain that new noncommercial stations, most of them religious, are stepping on the signal at the edge of their transmission areas. Stations are scrambling for these frequencies at a time of rapid growth in the national NPR audience and even faster growth in religious networks like American Family Radio. It owns 194 stations, has 18 affiliates and has applications for hundreds more pending with the F.C.C. "The noncommercial band is getting very, very crowded, and there just is not a lot of room for new stations in desirable areas," said Robert Unmacht, a Nashville-based radio consultant. "The competition is fierce, and the Reverend Wildmon is especially hard-nosed. His people are very good at what they do." Public radio is belatedly fighting back. Last year, a national nonprofit organization was set up to fend off the new hardball competition. Called Public Radio Capital, it raises money through tax- exempt bonds to help local public stations end their reliance on translators and buy full-power stations. Public Radio Capital, created with seed money from the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, a federally financed agency, has since helped public radio stations in Chicago, Denver, Nashville and Tacoma, Wash., to outbid their competition. In Tacoma, the organization bought a noncommercial FM station from a local technical college for $5 million. Money to operate the station will come from major public stations in the area. "Until recently, public radio had been completely dependent on local initiative to protect its signal and acquire new stations," said Marc Hand, the managing director of Public Radio Capital, which is based in Denver. "A lot of times, local radio is not aware of how to compete. We are stepping in when we can to help." For many of NPR's 273 member organizations, the legal and administrative costs of competing against religious broadcasters are sponging up millions of dollars that they might otherwise spend on news and other local programming. "It is, like, nuts," said Torey Malatia, general manager of WBEZ, which has the country's third-largest public-radio audience. "Starting about four years ago we realized that if we didn't learn how to fight back, our coverage area would effectively shrink by a million people." As NPR itself acknowledges, religious broadcasters are often far better prepared for the radio wars. "They have employed a long-term strategy, where we have failed to do that," said Dana Davis Rehm, vice president for member and program services at NPR in Washington. The two public radio stations heard in Lake Charles, for example, were caught napping as American Family Radio maneuvered over several years to bump them off the air. Those college-based public stations, one in nearby Lafayette, La., and the other just across the Louisiana border in Beaumont, Tex., could have applied for F.C.C. licenses granting them the right to build and operate full-power stations in Lake Charles. Instead, like many public radio stations, they chose to operate on the cheap, using translators. Translator-based stations have given American Family Radio the opening it needs to grab space on the noncommercial FM dial between 88.1 and 91.9 megahertz. As early as 1997, the network filed applications with the F.C.C., declaring its intention to build two full-powered stations that would step on the two translator-based public radio signals in Lake Charles. But KRVS in Lafayette and KVLU in Beaumont did not react and apply for full-power stations of their own. "NPR people should really be embarrassed," said Mr. Vaughn, the lawyer for American Family Radio. "They knew for years that we had applied, and they didn't do anything about it. NPR people were drawing money out of the community in the form of pledge support, but they didn't bother to apply for a full-power station. It is not our fault." Religious broadcasters are snapping up most noncommercial stations when they come on the market. In the first two quarters of 2002, there were 14 sales of noncommercial stations. Of those, public radio groups bought only two. Competition between religious and public radio stations is not always acrimonious. Competitors have amicably divided a contested frequency in some cases by agreeing to use directional antennas that limit interference. Here in Lake Charles, local rage at the loss of all access to NPR has fueled a yearlong effort to bring back public radio. "What Wildmon has done to the public broadcasting band is try to eat it all," said Robert W. McGill, 74, an NPR devotee and a retired chemist. Mr. Wildmon, who became well known in the 1970's when he led national campaigns against sex and violence on television, declined to be interviewed. Mr. Vaughn, the general counsel for American Family Radio, acknowledged that the network was aware that its two new stations would be "blocking out" public radio in Lake Charles. But, he added, "We were in no way targeting it." Like many religious networks, American Family Radio has little local content; its stations rely instead on satellite feeds from the home office in Tupelo. Radio industry analysts agree that public stations usually carry more local news and offer programs more closely tied to the communities they serve. More than a year after American Family Radio went on the air here, its two stations (one carries what it calls Christian contemporary programming, the other what it calls traditional gospel) have just one local employee. Elizabeth Arrington, 21, the station manager, works in a remodeled house on the edge of town. Its broadcast studio is an empty room, although Mrs. Arrington said radio equipment would arrive soon. In all likelihood, before American Family Radio gets around to local broadcasts in Lake Charles, public radio will be back on the air here. A $309,000 antenna, nearing completion about 30 miles west of town, will let people here pick up KRVS, the NPR affiliate in Lafayette. Sixty percent of the money for the antenna came from a Commerce Department grant. The rest came from the city and parish governments, as well as from private local contributions. The primary local mover in raising money was Carolyn Woosley, a financial planner and playwright. "We lost access to a treasure that we all pay for with our tax dollars, and we got mad," Ms. Woosley said. "We decided you don't have to like NPR in this town, but you are going to have to make room for it." (via Mike Terry, DXLD) ** U S A. Commentary --- A SHAFT OF SUNLIGHT IN A CLOUDY DAY Classical music returned to Miami on Sunday, September 15th. There are two large issues operative here. || The first issue is the sorry decline of classical music on American airwaves. Classical station after station has changed formats and gone the way of mass appeal programming. Even public radio stations, which once offered a valuable service in making the great music of all ages and lands available to the public, are now pretty much news and information outlets. But there has been a break in the clouds, a small one, and a shaft of sunlight has appeared. What has happened this week is that Spanish Broadcasting converted its time-brokered WKAT 1360 AM (5,000/1,000 watts) to all classical music after doing a market survey. Miami had lost its classical music several years ago when the owner sold WTMI 93.1 FM to Cox Communications for $100 million. Public protests caused Cox to keep it classical, but it could not sell enough air time to pay the notes, according to published reports, and not long ago it abandoned the fine arts for mass junk. WKAT saw a real need and a real profitable enterprise. After all, under its original owner, WTMI was doing very well as a classical station, with healthy ratings and pulling in $3 million a year in ad revenues. Not all goes so well, however. In San Diego, long-time classical music KFSD was sold and the format changed; a Class A station there on 92.1 FM picked up the format for several years, but it, too, gave it up. Then it was picked up by a local station in the north county on 1450 AM, dropped, and then resumed. In Dallas, historic WRR 101.1 FM, owned by the City of Dallas and operated commercially is being ``studied.`` The city has realized that, given the astronomical values of radio properties in general, and FM ones in particular, the station is worth $80 million. It has put together a ``blue ribbon panel`` to ``study`` the matter. There is no doubt that WRR will be sold and the call and classical music format moved to a lesser signal, in which the Dallas-Fort Worth ``metroplex`` abounds. The blue ribbon panel is window-dressing; the deal is done, despite protests from listeners and the media. The same thing happened a year or so ago in Albuquerque to historic KHFM 96.3 FM. Put on the air by a hi-fi shop owner in the 1950`s, it ran classical and nothing but classical from the day it went on the air. Sold to a conglomerate, they convinced another group owner that they should pick up the music on their lesser-signalled 95.5 FM frequency, so that more pop culture (a contradiction in terms?) could be run with equivalent 100,000 watts ERP off 11,600-ft high Sandia Crest on 96.3 FM. Kansas City lost its classical KXTR 96.5 three or four years ago; first the music was moved to mono 1250 AM and then into the expanded band, on 1640 AM, I believe [1660 --- audible here but hardly hifi -- gh]. In Denver, KVOD 99.5 FM was sold and the classical music scrapped until KCFR public radio stepped in and with a bond issue bought the old Catholic Family Radio affiliate KKYD 1340 AM, moved its KCFR news and information programming to 1340 AM and went all classical music on its existing FM. There have been other losses over the last 10 years: historic WFLN 95.7 FM in Philadelphia (since 1947), historic WNIB 97.1 FM Chicago, KOIN-FM 101.1 FM Portland (replaced by a public radio station), KHEP 101.5 FM Phoenix, KMFM 96.1 FM San Antonio (also replaced by a public station), and the lamented WQRS 105.1 FM Detroit. Recently, classical music was moved to weaker stations in Milwaukee and Cleveland. But in other cities, such as Miami, Atlanta, Philadelphia, Indianapolis, and Detroit, the public radio stations are locked into other programming and show no interest in classical music, and consequently there is no full-time classical music station. || The second issue: The previous owner of historic WTMI labored under the impression that the venue for such ``niche programming`` in the future lay with audiostreaming on the Internet. He founded the ``Beethoven.com`` website and continues to audiostream. This is being idealistic, to say the least. Anyone who has listened to audiostreaming music knows that the quality, tone, and noise levels vary considerably as the system tries to find new routes or has to cope with varying bandwidth. (Let it be said, to prevent people from writing me, that I already have digital hookup.) But the thought was, technology would improve and all would eventually be well. Wrong. If anything, the Internet is even more congested and the quality no better. But something worse developed. The recording industry and the societies of performers, composers, and musicians felt that they were not getting enough royalties. If an organization broadcast over the airwaves and the Internet, then that should constitute two separate performances, and the industries and the societies and their members were entitled to extra royalties. (Old-timers like me will realize that this is a new, modernized dispute of the musicians` union against broadcasters 60 years ago; a music program broadcast simultaneously over AM and FM affiliates was in fact a broadcast over two different stations, they said, and they were entitled to extra royalties.) They went to court, got one of the many legislative-minded federal judges to agree with them, and demanded the Librarian of Congress (who is named by the Copyright Act to determine such matters) to require higher royalty payments for each single performance for each single Internet listener. Further, there were restrictions that the Internet audiostreamers could not track an album through or announce a song in advance (``Rotting Corpse coming up in five with their latest hit wonder!``), because these would promote CD burning by listeners (``piracy``) and cut into compact disc sales. Further, the Internet audiostreamers, independent and broadcaster, needed to write down in detail every single track by name, the performers, the name of the disc, and so on, and forward these records. Since then, most Internet only radio stations, other than those that deal with talk, have shut down completely, and most regular broadcast stations that also audiostreamed have shut down their audiostreaming rather than pay the exorbitant fees mandated by law through the Librarian. Ironically, AOL had just announced its ``radio`` services available over the new AOL 7.0 when this happened. Yahoo closed down its audiostreaming, I am told, but I have not verified that. Upshot: Another great ``promise`` of the wonders of cyber-technology shot down. Little classical music left on the Internet, at least from U.S. sources. So, we have little classical music left on FM in most cities, even little on public radio stations. We have little classical music on the Internet. ``You have no culture in the United States,`` a Latin American professional wrote me lately. During the Japanese economic boom, that nation was sending thousands of their people to study over here. Time magazine reported at the time that one of its reporters was told by a Japanese executive, ``We are coming here not to study your culture, because you don`t have any, but your business world.`` When WTMI dropped classical music, a Colombian woman told a Spanish daily there, El Nuevo Herald, ``This is incredible in a city of this size not to have a classical music station. In Bogotá we have eight, and we are supposed to be a backward nation.`` It is not true that we have no culture. In classical music alone we have given the world Ferdinand Grofé, George Geshwin, Howard Hanson, Aaron Copland, Charles Ives, and Leonard Bernstein; in poetry we have given the world Walt Whitman, Robert Frost, Emily Dickinson, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and Carl Sandburg; our writers are first-class (``Your writers are your glory,`` a British professor told us): Mark Twain, William Faulkner, Edgar Allan Poe, Willa Cather, among many others. American painters, particularly the early Hudson River and naturalist schools, are finally getting international recognition. It is not that the United States has no culture. It`s just that we export garbage. The global village does not know we have art, nor do we Americans as a group know any of our art, let alone appreciate it. Five decades of ``relevance`` in our education system, from kindergarten through university, have relegated the arts to the cellar, out of sight and out of the minds of our young. No wonder a garbage culture fills it. No wonder the rest of the world thinks we are barbarians. George Bernard Shaw once described his native England as ``a nation of shopkeepers.`` Our society is a nation of salesmen and technicians. But there is hope. Miami now has classical music; a retired broadcaster who made $40 million in selling his stations is trying to put a noncommercial classical FM station on the air in Indianapolis. Perhaps the conglomerates, of which the top dozen own about 25% of the radio stations in this country, and probably nearly 90% of the major market ones, will begin to have some since of social responsibility and dedicate one of their stations to classical music and the fine arts in communities that don`t have them, and still make money. Maybe. Am I wrong in thinking so? Am I wrong in seeing a growing wave of disgust with the crudity and obscenity and the vapidness of our popular culture? Perhaps the next generation will wash their hands of the mess the Baby-Boomers and the Gen-Xers have made of our culture and replace it with the better. Maybe (Michael Dorner, editor, Sept 16 Catholic Radio Update, Sept 14 via DXLD) ** U S A. FUNDING LOSS SILENCES LYRIC OPERA ON WFMT September 13, 2002, BY ROBERT FEDER, SUN-TIMES COLUMNIST The fat lady has sung: For the first time in 30 years, Lyric Opera of Chicago's opening-night performances won't be airing on WFMT-FM (98.7) --- or anywhere else on radio. With little more than a week to go before the start of their 48th season, Lyric officials announced Thursday that they and WFMT had failed to secure funding to cover broadcast production costs. So if you don't have a ticket for the Sept. 21 opening of Bruno Bartoletti conducting the double bill of "Pagliacci" and "Cavalleria Rusticana," you're out of luck. Principal sponsors of the broadcasts in past seasons had been two financially troubled airlines, United and American, both of which withdrew their support this year. Total cost for the eight opening-night broadcasts each season was $400,000, of which about 75 percent covered talent fees for singers, orchestra, chorus and backstage personnel. It's a huge blow to Chicago's only classical music station, which has aired opening-night performances of all Lyric productions live since 1973, and has syndicated those broadcasts internationally via its WFMT Fine Arts Network since 1977. William Mason, general director of Lyric Opera, expressed "tremendous regret" in announcing the radio cancellation. "These broadcasts have brought grand opera to millions and millions of listeners through the years, and we have always considered them one of our most important outreach activities," he said. "We hope we can find a way to resume them in the future." Dan Schmidt, president and chief executive of WFMT's parent company, Window to the World Communications, cited "uncertain economic times" for the move and vowed to pursue future funding. Under virtually identical circumstances last year, WFMT dropped its broadcasts of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. (Robert Feder, Chicago Sun-Times via Mike Cooper, DXLD) ** U S A. ARCHIVAL AUDIO REPLACES LIVE BROADCAST STREAMING -- FOR NOW The recent court case prompted by the music sharing websites such as Napster has resulted in a legal ruling that Internet audio providers must pay royalties on a "per listener, per song" basis retroactive to October 1998. Consequently, KXMS has curtailed its live broadcast streaming until such time as a more workable royalty payment plan may be established. In response to this regrettable loss, 88.7KXMS will do its best to compensate by providing archival audio of non-copyrighted materials at http://www.kxms.org If and when alternative measurements and fee structures are put in place, KXMS will resume streaming audio of its broadcast signal (KXMS website dated Sept 12 via DXLD) A pity; no archives found yet (gh, DXLD) ** U S A. NAMES & FACES -- NPR TO DROP NNAMDI SHOW Saturday, September 14, 2002; Page C03 "Public Interest," the weekday talk show hosted by Kojo Nnamdi, will be cut from the National Public Radio lineup at the end of this month. "There were just many, many local stations out there starting to produce their own shows in the talk format, and we didn't see the potential for Kojo's growth," said NPR spokeswoman Jessamyn Sarmiento. The general-interest talk show will remain on local affiliate WAMU (88.5 FM), where it is produced. The program actually gained stations -- from 35 to 37 -- in the past year, according to NPR. "NPR apparently has a plan and obviously it is their absolute right to proceed with their plan, so we at WAMU will proceed with our own plan," Nnamdi told us. "We expect that our listeners in the Washington region won't be going anyplace." Nnamdi added that he and WAMU are creating a new show, "an hour that in our view will make global issues local and make local issues global." (Washington Post Sept 14 via Mike Cooper, DXLD) ** U S A. WAXP 105.5 Paterson, NY and Danbury, CT is stunting with goofy electronic music repeated in a loop. They claim that new and interesting things will be revealed at 1:05 pm Monday. They were an oldies station. My guess is that they are dropping local content for a format from Dallas or somewhere. I remember wanting to listen to radio. I live in America's #1 market with probably over a hundred available stations. I have a hard time figuring out what to do with more than one or two car radio buttons. As the Grinch once said: Oh the noise! The noise! (Karl N2KZ Zuk, Goldens Bridge, NY, Sept 15, amfmtvdx via DXLD) ** U S A. From NPR's Sonic Memorial Project, a nice reminiscence about NYC's Radio Row, which was bulldozed to make way for the World Trade Center: http://www.npr.org/ramfiles/atc/20020603.atc.06.ram (Al Quaglieri, Sept 15, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A. DesMoinesBroadcasting dot com is reporting that WHO-1040 is using their stand-by, short, tower while technicians are 'analyzing and repairing' their famed 780' Franklin antenna. Their signal will probably be down for about 6-7 weeks.(Bill Hale in Fort Worth, NRC-AM via DXLD) I heard information that this change will not take place until Monday 9/16. So, if in the next couple of days it appears that WHO's signal hasn't changed, you might want to try again after the 16th. 73 (Bill Dvorak, Madison WI, ibid.) ** U S A. Did you actually hear the WLW IBOC tests? I could clearly hear the white noise and digital "whine" from WLW all the way out here on just a CC Radio with the internal loopstick. There will clearly be serious compatibility problems with IBOC and analog AM signals on conventional receivers. I hate to think of what the AM band will sound like on an analog receiver with most stations running IBOC. If IBOC is widely adopted, you're going to also have digital interference from WLW on 700 to contend with. The IBOC artifacts are more broadband than conventional AM splash. Nulling and phasing are still options, but getting rid of QRM will become several magnitudes more difficult. It will have as serious an impact on the hobby as the rapid growth of new AM stations and night operation on previous clear channel stations did in the early and mid-1980s; it will do more than make certain receptions more difficult --- it will make them impossible. The one saving grace is that IBOC is currently planned as a daytime- only service, but I expect eventually it would be permitted around the clock. There will be some interesting new IBOC skywave DX. I'm curious if IBOC signals via skywave will have the abrupt "drop out" HDTV signals have when the received signal drops below a certain level. But the net effect of widespread adoption of IBOC on DXing will be negative (Harry Helms AK6C, Ridgecrest, CA DM15, NRC-AM via DXLD) Mention was made of shortwave and the Digital Radio Mondiale system. I don't know what kind of havoc that will cause to adjacent-channel SW reception, but if it does what IBOC seems to do from the tests I've heard on WLW etc., it ain't gonna be good. However... for what it's worth, the audio clips of DRM tests vs. the same transmissions in double-sideband analog AM, on their website http://www.drm.org/system/globstandard.htm --- click on "DRM Audio Samples" at the top of the screen --- are pretty danged impressive in and of themselves (Randy Stewart, Springfield MO, ibid.) There's supposed to be demos of AM and FM IBOC going on during the NAB Radio Show in Seattle (Sept 12-14). The stations with IBOC are said to be KIXI (880) and KBKS (106.1), but I have no idea whether the transmissions are full-time or just occasional. At any rate, you folks in the PNW should check it out and see what you can hear... (Barry McLarnon, Ont., Sept 13, ibid.) Thanks Barry. Well I tuned over to 880-KIXI and they are indeed using IBOC. 890 is a full of white noise as you said. KIXI is about S9 here and the white noise is S7. However there is very little white noise on 870 for some reason. It is still there but much weaker. I am about 150 miles from the KIXI site here. They aren't that strong. No where near what KIRO or KOMO is. This noise is pretty bad, all right, but it can be nulled to a point. I don't notice the white noise on 880 though, but 890 & 870. KFLD-870-Pasco WA is OK on 870 although the noise is under them much weaker than the noise on 890. [Later:] Attention NW DXers: Check out the QRN generated from the IBOC test on KIXI-880-Seattle WA this weekend. At 150 miles off my Eastern Beverage, KIXI-880 is S9 and the white noise on 890 is S7! Terrible to say the least. The noise is somewhat weaker on 870 though, as I can hear KFLD-Pasco, but the white noise is indeed behind KFLD too. If an S9 signal from KIXI-880 can cause as much noise on 890, this will also affect AM DXing overseas. The US stations are heard quite strong overseas. Even something with S5 would create a heck of a lot of QRN on nearby channels for DXers in Europe of Australia/New Zealand. No doubt about that. If adopted it is really going to make the AM band unlistenable in regular analog. I don't know how much it will affect DX if you have an IBOC receiver (Patrick Martin, Seaside OR, Sept 13, ibid.) It's simply politics as usual for the NAB and FCC. What's interesting is that the NAB effectively squashed LPFM because of interference issues, yet the same NAB is willing to overlook catastrophic interference issues with IBOC. It's all about the money (Bruce Conti - Nashua NH, ibid.) IBOC will not just help AM; it will help radio. Radio is, as a medium, 80 years old. The "digital" label is hip. The data stream that is what IBOC is based on permits a whole array of other services, including interactive. If they finally fix the algorithm, talk sounds much more "presency" in IBOC. Remember, there is not much AM talk listening of any kind under age 35; the younger talkers like KLSX are on FM. Plus, this will allow some AMs to be used for niche music formats that can not be justified today. To younger people, AM is totally unhip, useless, dead, etc. In LA, I have put a music format on AM in anticipation of IBOC. I hope it comes soon, as I can't wait much longer with the present looser technology. I also changed an AM in El Paso, and am working on two more AM music stations that would benefit a lot form IBOC. There is 100% backing of the IBOC standard, starting at the FCC. AM stereo died in the period of years when the FCC wasted the window of opportunity for AMs to remain viable music stations. And, initially, the technology sucked... platform motion, lack of promotion, near-zero interest by car manufacturers. Not so IBOC. But the big deal is the digital stream, which can carry all kinds of additional data... and become a new revenue source. And they can say "digital" which is the killer buzz word of today in audio (David Gleason, CA, ibid.) David; What about the terrible sideband noise IBOC creates? It is downright terrible. This could very easily put an end to stations covering their fringe areas with all of the noise IBOC generates. How about the agreements we have with Mexico and Canada who are not adopting IBOC? With the noise I heard, this will interfere very much with Canadian and Mexican stations serving their fringe areas. I get S9 from KIXI and the noise was at S7. That is one heck of a noise source. This IBOC might be well and fine for some, but I don't feel the average "Joe" really cares about IBOC and will be willing to run out and buy a new radio. On a side note, what about DXing with IBOC? Will it be possible? Of course this will prety much put an end to TP/TA DXing for the most part if IBOC is adopted widely. There is no way a flea power signal will be able to overpower the noise. 73s, (Patrick Martin, Seaside OR, ibid.) I heard the WLW tests. I heard it. It`s miserable on an analog receiver. On the outside its a beautiful gleaming silver platter and cover but when you open it up, IBAC is still a reeking crap sandwich. No matter how you dress it up, analog receivers are screwed to the hilt. On an analog receiver, IBAC is craptacular. When people hear it, they are going to howl to the high heavens. Digital radio belongs on the L band. The problem is not hipness in the word digital. The problem is the lack of hipness in the programming. If the programming sucks to high heaven, then no one wants to listen. I don't care how many buzz words and slogans you throw at people if they hear IBAC and it sounds like WLW`s test did, then they are going to be really ...uh ...exercised. I suppose that`s a good way to describe it. Putting current programming with restrictive play lists on in digital is like that silver platter I mentioned above. Until the corporate people understand this, its gonna get worse and IBAC is no help at all. Get hip programming and not slogans and buzzwords. Slogans and buzzwords cost money when it comes to replacing working radios. When people realize that this is going to cost them money, they are going to be quite unhappy. Sorry, we ain't buying into it. Digital radio might be a good thing but it needed to be treated as FM was in the early days when it was put on a new band. Once that happened then AM BCB could slowly be closed out. The FCC has already acquiesced to you corporates so there`s probably no use in worrying about it and just put the money aside to replace your radios (Kevin Redding, AZ, ibid.) Kevin, the various people I work for are hardly "corporate" in the Clear Channel mold. One has 55 stations, a number of which are two and three signals knit together to create one stations; we are barely above the 20/20 rule of 1990. Another company I am with has 15 stations, several including stand alone AMs in markets of under 25 thousand. Another owns exactly 2 stations. And, Kevin, if you knew me you would know I was anything but corporate, having built stations of my own years ago that introduced never-heard formats in a variety of markets. Frankly, the "corporate" comment is amazingly offensive to me, since I have been an independent, often against-the-current programmer and manager all my career. The problem, Kevin, is that you are reacting to a real problem radio has from the perspective of a DXer, and there are not enough of us left to fill the lifeboats on the Titanic. We all believe that IBOC will help radio survive into the digital era and will bring new potential, like interactive shopping, TiVo-like program recall (get in the car and hear the most recent traffic report, even if you missed it). All is possible with IBOC. As to the sideband stuff, Clear Channel's DOE suggested to reduce the digital signal by 6 db more; this they believe will resolve the major issues coming from the WLW test. By the way, the support for IBOC is coming from broadcasters of all size stations and markets. They want to be digital. In general, no one cares about fringe AM coverage. The two FCC commissioners just about said as much in a public forum on Friday; they believe they have a duty to help AM. So any fix that takes care of the NRSC objections will get by the commission, also. Mexico's AMs are pretty much in death throes, too, except for a few big market talkers. I don't think that the Mexican government will care; Canada is trying to get everyone off AM anyway and maybe this will be a way to push this even harder. Again, IBOC will be driven by all the stuff the data stream can do besides push out programming. There were 30-some million new cars sold in the last 5 years; that is 30 million radios, too. Just the car issue will make IBOC successful as it will make money for the car manufacturers. This is not about programming alone, it is about touch screen radio dials that can produce additional data, replay the last traffic report, print an coupon for something you hear on the radio. And, it is digital, the word that sells today. I think the FM side will produce an initial feeding frenzy, partly because radio believes in IBOC and they did not believe in AM stereo, which sucked anyhow. Again, there are more people working at the AMs in Idaho than all the DXers in the country; there is a big incentive to try anything that will revitalize interest in AM, as even the talk will eventually move to FM as it is getting older demos on AM. As an aside, I spent most of NAB trying to finance a radio station in a smaller market based on my belief that I can be the first with IBOC and attract a lot of attention to programming by use of all the bells and whistles. This means I am staking my life savings and going about $5 million in debt based on a belief in the system. Now, if the owner gets a bit closer to my offer. At the just concluded NAB, discussions in the general sessions, including the one with several FCC commissioners, included statements that no one wanted to "repeat the fiasco of AM stereo" and this statement was met with loud, loud applause. Finally AM folks are going to have to get rid of one of the things that held AM from developing many other alternatives in the last 2 decades... the belief that FM stereo would do something. There are many manufacturers preparing IBOC radios right now; I saw production models form Ford. We may see the first 6-market roll-out in early 2003. My guess is that, outside of X- band, there is maybe a 2-3% usage of AM stereo any more. The Mexican stations are turning it off now, and the last one in Argentina that I know of was killed early this year. No, Kevin. I am being realistic. Radio is an old technology that has to do something new to change its perception in a digital era. And IBOC is the best bet yet. It's "IBOC" (for In Band On Carrier) and not IBAC. As to Am, no one gives a crap about fringe coverage of smaller AMs. Licencees just want to be able to compete in today's multimedia market. And some AMs will go away. I am thinking of Palm Springs as an example. Not one of the AMs covers the entire market day or night, and the market is only 300 thousand. The facilities all suck so badly, they all deserve to go away; this kind of market will become all-FM eventually. Maybe IBOC will hasten this as IBOC that you can't hear is not really useful; another market that comes to mind is the "Northeast Michigan" market; not one AM covers even half the market. Or Orlando... maybe 2 decent signals. IBOC will bring about change, and I think many marginal AMs may disappear when even religion and ethnic no longer work. But 80 years is a good lifespan for a technology (David Gleason, ibid.) My feelings are much the same. Who would think the powers that be would make something so terrible to pretty much kill MW DXing in this country. Unless they do something about all the sideband noise, AM DX is doomed. You can phase and all or that, but when you find several stations on the same frequency all using IBOC and you are trying to hear a TP or TA station 2 kHz away, forget it. I guess if this is adopted in the present form, I will have to move back to Alaska or maybe take up Tropical Band DXing. I doubt DRM will end up on those frequencies. The question still comes to mind, can you DX with IBOC, but even if you can, big deal. The TP/DU DX will be gone. Maybe the Western side of Kauai, anyone? David; These so called small stations are not going away without one heck of a fight!! Mark my words, this is going to end up in the courts. You can't just tell some small station that has been operating for years on analog AM, "Too bad, your useful time is over, go away" Bull on that. If I had a station, I would visit an lawyer very quickly. The small stations do count. For us in small towns, the little station helps us with emergencies, entertainment, and all. I am very tired of hearing, the only thing that counts are the big boys in the cities. It is time they find out that the little guys will not put up with this. As they say, it ain't over until the fat lady sings". I normally stay out of these type things, but when I find my hobby I have had for well over 40 years is getting wiped out by some money and greed that isn't going to do one darn thing for AM radio, it burns me up. I am not alone either. 73s, (Patrick Martin, ibid.) I think these stations will disappear as better facilities on channel buy them to expand coverage. There are too many inferior signals that don't even cover markets today. I am not suggesting they will be sacrificed, just that they will find it a better return on investment to sell and go silent than to look for some kind of format that can be done on a limited coverage AM. For example, most Spanish was on AM. Now, Hispanics reject AM more than non-Hispanics (true in Mexico, too). So many Spanish AMs in larger markets are either changing or on their last legs (1380 in NY: 4 formats in a year and no numbers). LA has lost 1430, 900 and may lose more. Miami just lost Spanish on 1360. My point is that the option on bad AMs is either to sell to vacate the dial or to consolidate among themselves. A 500 watt daytimer in Pittsburgh has no hope of surviving or making money with any format; it should be sold so someone in another market can improve coverage to compensate for higher noise levels today and the growth of cities beyond coverage patterns. After being responsible for a batch of AMs for many years now, and finally giving up, I see some hope on the IBOC front because I think certain music formats, unviable on FM due to cost of the stick, would work with 35+ listeners on AM where the listeners don't have a preconception about AM that is so vile that they would never listen. The problems and glitches will get worked out. But Dxing may not be the same. Unfortunately, there are not many of us world-wide and skywave reception is truly not worth protecting as a public serving function (David Gleason, ibid.) A 500w daytimer in Pittsburgh may not be a moneymaker. You might remember and article in Radio World about a small station in a suburb of Chicago that is Polish. I think the calls are WPNA. They make money serving a small niche of the population. I am sure they never make the ratings, but they sell plenty of time. So the small ma and pa stations do have a spot. Maybe they do not have the 25K to go IBOC or maybe they don't even care. The Poles in the area I am sure are not going to go right out and buy a new radio anyway. Is this station less important than WGN or WLS in those Poles eyes, they would feel WPNA would be the most important station in their area. Money and greed seem to run this country in so many ways. It is very unfair. Hopefully they can clean up the glitches in IBOC and we can all live in peace, but it sure does not sound like it at the moment. 73s, Patrick Martin Truth be told, they could care less about DXers. Just because you can hear a station (even consistently at good strength) doesn't mean it is officially regarded as providing "service" to your area. ``Unless they do something about all the sideband noise, AM DX is doomed.`` We've said that about power increases on the local channels. (from 100 watts to 250/100 to 250/250 to 1000/250 to 1000/1000...) We've said that about directional antennas. We've said it about the proliferation of 24/7 stations, and about the death of the silent period. And we've said it about the breakup of the clear channels. Low-power TV was going to kill off TV DXing. Yet I see plenty of people DXing, and if I recall properly NRC membership is pretty much steady. Certainly, the hobby changes. DX no longer means listening to TAs in the Midwest on simple equipment. It no longer means hearing 500-watters in Oregon on the East Coast on a table radio. Instead, we're monitoring "cheaters" on high-school football night; tracking the new stations on the expanded-band; and experimenting with new and highly-effective antenna and radio designs. Besides, we *could* be adopting the European/ Canadian Eureka system - and ending up with all radio on UHF! (IMHO Eureka is a better system which is being ignored for political reasons. However, any such system that doesn't operate on a station's existing frequency certainly *would* destroy medium-wave DXing!) AM DX will survive digital (Doug Smith, TN, ibid.) Doug; I have been spoiled I guess and I don't give up on things easily. I don't care to DX a station 100 miles away for a call change as some do. I am sure Bruce and Mark do not want to give up their TA DX. Although the signal from TAs are much stronger than most of the TP/DU DX. Yes, AM DX will still be around is some form, but this is a very very drastic change. Much more than the graveyarders boosting power or a station going 24/7. Those problems you can get around. But powerful sideband noise covering up the dial is going to be darn tough to get around even if it is possible. I don't mean to be doom and gloom, but after hearing the KIXI test, is sure doesn't look good. If we did have the Eureka system, the US band would be vacated and we woiuld then have foreign stations once again like we once had. Latins all over the dial. They would not be buried by US stations. Of course no one cares about the DXer. We are about as useful as a wind up phonograph. There are not enough of us to count. 73s, (Patrick Martin, ibid.) http://www.nab.org/scitech/amibocevaluationreport04062002.pdf Take a look at the spectrum plot on p. 15. You'll see that the "IBAC" monicker is even more appropriate for AM IBOC. Nearly all of the digital power is in the "primary" sidebands at 10-15 kHz from the carrier frequency. The nominal power in each primary sideband is 16 db below the analog power, and Clear Channel is proposing to reduce this to 22 dB. Overall, the digital power is -12.4 dB wrt to the analog signal (before the proposed power reduction). Apparently they were trying both digital power levels during the WLW tests last month. I did not observe any significant difference in the adjacent channel effects - WOR was wiped out anytime the digital sidebands were on. It's hard to believe that the WLW CE thinks that the power reduction solves any problems, especially where nighttime IBOC operation is concerned. It's also worth noting that there is dissension in the ranks: ABC has lined up with CC in supporting the 6 dB digital power reduction, but most other broadcasters are against it, due to the impact on digital coverage (which is already fairly anemic compared to the analog coverage when the full digital power is used). (Barry McLarnon, Ont., ibid.) Boy, the debate on IBOC is sure getting interesting. I'm afraid that David Gleason has hit the whole thing right on the head, like it or not. Us DXers are going to have to realize that our hobby, as we know it, is doomed to go away sooner or later. Perhaps sooner than we realize. We are kind of in the position of the "horse and buggy" users who were gradually pushed literally right off the road. We do not have enough numbers to make a difference and I think David is right about that. My feeling is that we had better enjoy our hobby while we still have it and then when the new stuff comes along find ways to use it. If we have to build satellite dishes instead of beverages to DX with than so be it! I hate to see the end of an era but I can see it out there and it is getting closer! And as the technology improves I'll bet that the digital artifacts will not be an issue and that a new kind of DXing Digital might come into being. Nothing stays the same and those that realize it and adapt will be better off for it. Now having said that I'll turn on my flame filters and brace myself (Chuck Boehnke, Keaau, Hawaii, ibid.) I Bleed Over Channels ]:> (Powell E. Way III, ibid.) I call it In-Band Adjacent Channel, IBAC (Kevin Redding, AZ; all part of a thread on NRC-AM via DXLD) ** U S A. BROADCAST POWER HELD BY TOO FEW, CRITICS SAY By Taha Ebrahimi, Seattle Times staff reporter The National Association of Broadcasters, meeting in Seattle this week, is drawing fire from groups condemning what they see as a corporate takeover of the public airwaves.... http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/cgi-bin/PrintStory.pl?document_id=134535546&zsection_id=268448406&slug=nab14&date=20020914 (via Mike Cooper, DXLD) ** U S A. FCC'S REVIEW OF OWNERSHIP RULES HAS RADIO INDUSTRY, CRITICS ALL ABUZZ Saturday, September 14, 2002 By BILL VIRGIN, SEATTLE POST-INTELLIGENCER REPORTER The Federal Communications Commission's decision Thursday to open a sweeping review of ownership rules for radio and television stations was echoing loudly yesterday in the meeting rooms of the radio industry's convention in Seattle and on the streets outside. While radio executives, two FCC commissioners and demonstrators outside the National Association of Broadcasters annual radio show agreed on the contentiousness of the ownership issue, there was little agreement on what the commission will do, much less what should be done. FCC Commissioner Michael Copps called consolidation and ownership regulation second only to homeland security in importance for the agency. "At stake is how this industry is going to look in the next generation," he said. "We need to get it right." The commission ordered a review, to be completed by spring, of six major rule groups: cross-ownership of newspapers and radio stations in the same market; limits on the number of stations that can be owned in one market; owning more than one TV network; the amount of a TV audience a broadcaster can control nationally through local stations; owning radio and TV stations in the same market; and owning multiple TV stations in one market. FCC Commissioner Kathleen Abernathy said the rules review will study whether they continue to advance the goals of diversity, competition and local content, and whether the rules "drive up costs for broadcasters without delivering benefits." Copps said deregulation of the radio industry in the 1990s did deliver some benefits to broadcasters since it "kept some of you in business and kept some stations from going dark." But a question now looming for the commission is whether consolidation produced any benefits for the public. Copps said he is hearing bipartisan concern from members of Congress about the effects of consolidation, and public interest in the issue is growing. The FCC has ordered a series of studies into the question of whether consolidation increased or reduced choices and local content. Said Copps: "We don't know." But a number of critics say they do know, and that the answer is that consolidation has hurt listeners and consumers. A coalition of groups under the umbrella name of Reclaim the Media has been having a shadow convention this week on the consolidation issue, and held demonstrations outside the Washington State Convention and Trade Center yesterday. Critics of earlier rounds of deregulation say consolidation concentrates too much power in the hands of a few , and reduces local content and diversity of opinions and musical styles on the airwaves. The prime target of their wrath is Clear Channel Communications, the nation's largest radio station group (which recently purchased Seattle-based Ackerley Group). "We don't want Clear Channel to own newspapers and we don't want Clear Channel to own more stations," said Hannah Sassaman with the Philadelphia-based Prometheus Radio Project, one of those protesting outside the convention center yesterday. Sassaman said it's unlikely that large groups would be forced to divest stations, but she said those unhappy with the consolidation trend want to make sure there's no further deregulation and that public access to the airwaves is maintained. NAB President Edward Fritts said the association supports the elimination of rules banning same-market ownership of newspapers and broadcast properties. As for rules on ownership of stations in a single market, "I'd be surprised if they loosened the regulation on radio any further," he said, adding that the NAB wants to make sure the FCC doesn't roll back previous deregulation moves. During a panel discussion of top radio company executives, Entercom Communications Corp. President David Field called consolidation "a completely false issue." He said other business and media are far more uniform and concentrated and less local than radio, but "we're the guys getting bashed for having cookie-cutter 'formats.' " Consolidation has been "absolutely good for the listener," added Mark Mays, Clear Channel's president. "There are more formats than there would be without consolidation." The other major issue at the radio convention this week had to do with two men far away from the convention site, who in fact aren't working in radio at the moment: nationally syndicated shock jocks Opie & Anthony, who were fired after a stunt in which two listeners allegedly had sex at St. Patrick's Cathedral while the show broadcast a description of what was going on. That has reignited the debate over the trend toward ever more crude material on radio, and where broadcasters should draw the line between what is indecent and what is objectionable to some. The Opie & Anthony mess was mentioned in at least three of the day's major presentations, and Copps warned broadcasters that the public is getting "sick and tired" of what appears to be the industry's race to the bottom in what is allowed on the air. "I really wonder if there is a bottom," he said. Copps urged broadcasters to adopt voluntary codes of conduct. (via Mike Terry, DXLD) ** U S A. I couldn't sleep so was tuning around the dial around 0630 UTC and stumbled upon Art Bell and his gang on 3830 LSB. They were talking antennas and it was very interesting but what made it more fun is that there was some drunk guy interjecting and swearing at them every couple minutes. It was so good I recorded it! I couldn't find any pirate activity but this was a close 2nd! (Adam Christian Smith, Pacific Northwest USA SWL -- WA7005SWL, Sept 15, ShortWaveRadio yahoogroup via DXLD) ** U S A. Spectrum seems to be back with new shows, UT Sun Sept 15 on WWCR, not at 0300 but 0305 after WWCR filled with TSSB and part of BHOTR. Started with Harold Ort plugging P`pc`m features in Oct issue, 20th anniversary, and Dave Marthouse is back doing features (Glenn Hauser, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A. WJIE, 7490, has gone missing again, as of sometime on Sept 13; not heard day or night into Sept 15 (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A [and non]. R. Free Asia told EDXP that it has donated 1000 radio receivers to women's groups in Cambodia, including a monastery, for broadening of the audience base for the Khmer broadcasts. New arrangements are also being explored for further enhancement of the Khmer coverage using alternative technology. RFA has just recently set up phone-in shows in Mandarin, Tibetan, and Khmer. The Mandarin and Tibetan shows originate from studios in Washington, with Khmer coming out of studios in Phnom Penh. These are all tape-delayed; the Mandarin show has resulted in about three callers per day, Tibetan and Khmer one caller each per day. RFA stressed to EDXP that due to political sensitivities it is unable to indicate transmitter sites on its QSLs, or in its public Internet or printed schedules. Reception reports are welcomed and will be acknowledged with a QSL letter, schedule and sticker. QSL cards are being considered. Current program languages are Burmese, Cantonese, Khmer, Korean, Laotian, Mandarin, the Wu dialect, Vietnamese, Tibetan, and Uighur. RFA produces a monthly printed publication titled ``RFA Reports``, giving highlights from its broadcast services (Bob Padula in EDXP Aug 31, via DSWCI Sept 11 DX Window, Sept 13 via DXLD) ** U S A. R. Sawa: see CYPRUS! ** URUGUAY. 6010, Emisora Ciudad de Montevideo, Sep 8, 1523-1532, program about the Carnaval. Interview of a member of IMM (Intendencia Municipal de Montevideo). Local ads: Gomería Walcar, La Favorita, Confitería La Ópera, etc. Complete ID by male at 1532 as: ``En su receptor, CX42, Emisora Ciudad de Montevideo, Uruguay, transmitiendo en 1370 kilohertz. La frecuencia, que se sintoniza con mayor frecuencia``. 35543 (Arnaldo Slaen listening in a rural zone near San Antonio de Areco, at 112 kilometres north of Buenos Aires, DSWCI Sept 11 DX Window, Sept 13 via DXLD) ** VIETNAM. 6380.3, R. Lai Chau, Lai Chau, Aug 6, 2300-2400, ID in local dialect, hill tribe music, but their evening broadcast was not heard at 1315. 24432. 6497, Cao Bang, Aug 6, 1315-1400*, Vietnamese and dialects, folkmusic, IDs, transmitter problems. 35532. 6665.3, Lào Cai, Aug 6, 1255-1335, Hill tribe music, interval signal, national anthem, ID by woman, talks. Transmitter problems with spurious signal also heard on 5443. 35433 (Roland Schulze, Philippines, DSWCI Sept 11 DX Window, Sept 13 via DXLD) UNIDENTIFIED. Dear Glenn, I picked up the following broadcast yesterday evening. Could WOR readers help with its identification? thanks 3355 kHz 1950 UT : unidentified station - Language sounded like Russian - SIO 233 (Patrick VIGNOUD, near Chambery, French Alps, JRD 545 DSP with Wellbrook ALA-100 loop antenna, DX LISTENING DIGEST) See DXLD 2-142 under BELARUS Zapper: 0001-0006, 13-Sep; 4375-4395, 4525-4545, 4775-4795, 4805-4825, 4895-4915 (Harold Frodge, MI, Cumbredx via DXLD) UNIDENTIFIED 18990: September 14, 1230 UTC: Heard two stations operating on 15 meters, one was VOA using 19010 kHz in Uzbek and was part of a long mix of VOA and RL services to Central Asia which started recently; the other was on 18990 and it was heard in an undetermined language, and another station was underneath it...does the 18990 outlet have an IBB connection or is it from another country? Reception was good on both frequencies using the Sony ICF-SW7600G connected with an AN-LP1 active loop antenna, monitored in an open location away from any electrical noises (Joe Hanlon in Philadelphia, USA, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ### ||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| DX LISTENING DIGEST 2-143, September 13, 2002 edited by Glenn Hauser, wghauser@hotmail.com Items from DXLD may be reproduced and re-reproduced only if full credit be maintained at all stages and we be provided exchange copies. DXLD may not be reposted in its entirety without permission. Materials taken from Arctic or originating from Olle Alm and not having a commercial copyright are exempt from all restrictions of noncommercial, noncopyrighted reusage except for full credits HTML version of this issue will be posted afterwards at http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldtd02.html For restrixions and searchable 2002 contents archive see http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldmid.html NOTE: If you are a regular reader of DXLD, and a source of DX news but have not been sending it directly to us, please consider yourself obligated to do so. Thanks, Glenn WORLD OF RADIO 1147: BROADCASTS ON WWCR: Sat 0500, Sun 0230 5070, 0630 3210, Wed 0930 9475 BROADCASTS ON RFPI: Sat 0130, 0730, Sun 0000, 0600 on 7445, 15038.7; webcasts also Sat 1800, Sun 1200, 1830? BROADCASTS ON WRN: Rest of world Sat 0800; North America Sun 1400 ONDEMAND http://www.wrn.org/ondemand/worldofradio.html (DOWNLOAD) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1147.rm (STREAM) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1147.ram (SUMMARY) http://www.worldofradio.com/wor1147.html WORLD OF RADIO on WWCR: The Wednesday 0930 airing on 9475 replaced by something else Sept 11 was one-time-only, WWCR tells us WORLD OF RADIO ON WBCQ: Wed Sept 11 at 2200: 7415 Minor interference from VOA (approx 25%) here in the Atlanta area. 17495 excellent reception (S-7). (LOU KF4EON, DX LISTENING DIGEST) WORLD OF RADIO ON WJIE: Noted new 1147 edition running Fri Sept 13 at 1200 on 7490; this station may have skipped 1146. Actually, seems to start around 1159, a bit early. Observations of weekend airtimes are needed, besides Sun 0515+, and reconfirming that. WJIE still has no known published program schedule (gh) UNSOLICITED TESTIMONIAL I enjoy your services very much. I am new to the hobby; having started in October 2001; using a Sangean ATS 818 with a Radio Shack antenna kit. The information you provide, on a timely and accurate basis, provides for "fruitful" SW listening. 73 (Scott R. Barbour Jr, Intervale, NH) ** AFGHANISTAN. This report from Guardian Unlimited: http://www.guardian.co.uk/worldlatest/story/0,1280,-2011649,00.html AFGHAN RADIO STATION SPREADS CULTURE Friday September 13, 2002 7:00 AM BAMIYAN, Afghanistan (AP) - Behind the door of Room No. 1 at a government guest house, Radio Bamiyan is on the air, broadcasting news and music to a valley recovering from years of abuse at the hands of the Taliban. The fledgling radio station, started with the help of the U.S. Army in May, is still battling technical hiccups that can knock it off the air for days at a time. But with a potential reach of 50,000 people, it has a powerful influence throughout the Bamiyan valley of central Afghanistan. ``Our goals are to provide news, to spread new information to the people to improve their thinking,'' said station manager Qurban Ali Fasihi. Many men take their portable radios to work so they won't miss Radio Bamiyan's one-hour program, which starts at 6 p.m. Women congregate in one home to listen together to the health and human rights programming. Staff Sgt. Joe Smith, chief of the U.S. Army Psychological Operations team in Bamiyan, calls the station the ``public crown'' of his team's work since coming to Bamiyan in April. His three-member team is charged with building rapport with the residents in a 35-mile swath of the valley, an area rich with historical treasures where people are still recovering from the strict rule of the Taliban regime that was ousted last November by a U.S.-led military coalition. They talk with residents about their needs, get feedback on coalition activities and distribute posters and leaflets warning residents to avoid land mines, condemning the Taliban and urging support for coalition activities. Other brochures promote acceptance of different ethnic groups. Bamiyan province is home to the Hazara, who suffered heavily at the hands of the predominantly Pashtun Taliban. Under Taliban rule, hundreds of Hazarans were killed or imprisoned and farmers were prevented from planting crops. The Taliban also destroyed two towering, 1,400-year-old Buddha sculptures that had been the pride of the valley and, in rare times of peace, a tourist attraction. To appeal to local culture, the broadcasts, including music, are in Dari, the local language. Pashto, the language of the Taliban, is rarely heard. ``Although we want to preach tolerance, that won't happen by making them turn off the dial,'' said Spc. Darren Davila of the psy-ops team. The radio station was one of the first tasks of Smith's psy-ops team following successful radio ventures in other provinces. The team arrived to find a broken transmitter as their only asset. After a quick fix, they recruited volunteers and had the station running three times a week. Within a month, the provincial governor hired six journalists and the station was broadcasting every night. Radio Bamiyan transmits from the governor's guest house. The office, empty except for the 400-watt transmitter next to the window, looks out over farmland and an empty niche in a cliff where the destroyed Buddhas once stood. The journalists spend the morning gathering news from local provinces and lift items from the BBC or Voice of America's Dari broadcasts. They pre-record their one-hour program in the afternoon, mixing news with music, featured programming and public service announcements. Though there are frequent equipment breakdowns, Radio Bamiyan has already made its mark in the community. Listeners regularly offer suggestions to improve the broadcast - more Dari singers and more international news, for example - and many take advantage of the regular ``Ask a Doctor'' or ``Answers to Your Letters'' programs. Listeners drop off letters personally, since there is no telephone service through much of Bamiyan. They ask for advice on treating children's ailments, why the Taliban destroyed the Buddhas and why the station is not playing a particular singer. ``Every society wants different things,'' said Fasihi. ``We play according to their beliefs. It is difficult because there are modern vs. old-fashioned ideals here. We have to please both.'' The U.S. Army provides the generator to keep the station on the air, but Smith expects it will eventually become completely independent. Fasihi has been soliciting non-governmental organizations for advertising dollars, though the response so far has been minimal. ``Now we're in the crawling stage, but the station is definitely going in the right direction,'' Smith said. Guardian Unlimited © Guardian Newspapers Limited 2002 (via Alan Pennington, Sept 13, BDXC-UK via DXLD) WTFK?? Now, which is more important to know, if not both? The power or the frequency? (gh, DXLD) ** AFGHANISTAN [non]. UAE: Frequency change for Radio Afghanistan in Pashto/Dari via DHA 500 kW / 045 deg: 0130-0327 NF 15485 (34433), ex 15240 to avoid Radio Australia in English (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 13 via DXLD) ** AUSTRALIA. New schedule for Voice International effective from September 1: Chinese to NEAs 0900-1400 13775 DRW 250 kW / 340 deg 1400-1700 17560 DRW 250 kW / 340 deg 2200-0100 15165 DRW 250 kW / 340 deg ||||| new transmission English to NEAs 0900-1300 13685 DRW 250 kW / 340 deg ||||| new transmission English to SAs 1300-1500 13685 DRW 250 kW / 303 deg ||||| retimed ex 0900-1500 1500-1900 11930 DRW 250 kW / 303 deg ||||| retimed ex 1500-1700 Indonesian to SEAs 0530-0600 21680 DRW 250 kW / 317 deg ||||| new transmission 0600-0800 17820 DRW 250 kW / 317 deg ||||| new transmission 0900-1300 15365 DRW 250 kW / 317 deg 1300-1800 13660 DRW 250 kW / 317 deg ||||| retimed ex 1300-1700 Hindi to SAs 1100-1700 13635 DRW 250 kW / 303 deg ||||| retimed ex 1300-1600 web site http://www.vil.com.au/schedule.cfm (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 13 via DXLD) ** BRAZIL. On September 14, Canção Nova will be celebrating the National Day of Canção Nova System of Communication; Radio, TV and Internet. You can participate by chat room all day long http://www.cancaonova.com/chat get into Interativo room giving its commentary about the tuning, which frequency get it or if he is doing it through Internet - http://www.cancaonova.com It will be an interactive day with TV, Radio and Internet. Enjoy it. Schedule: September 14 - Saturday 1100 to 2300 GMT Radio Frequencies: 49 m - 6,105 kHz 60 m - 4,825 kHz 31 m - 9,675 kHz _________________ We confirm radio reports on the air and 100% QSL back. Program: Além Fronteiras (Beyond Boundaries) Every Saturdays: 22:00 to 23:00 (GMT) AM 1020 khz- SW 49m 6105 kHz -SW 60m 4825 kHz - SW 31m 9675 kHz - (Eduardo de Moura, [evidently with the station], Brazil, Sept. 12, dxing.info via DXLD) ** CANADA. CBC Previews this weekend include: [oh, oh: here`s yet another variation on Desert Island Discs:] STRANDED: Saturday morning on Stranded, join host Jane Hawtin as she welcomes retired - but ever-so-active - Major-General Lewis MacKenzie, who has gone from being Canada's top peace-keeper to advising the Ontario government on security issues. He gets to choose the location in which he'd like to be dropped, along with the book, movie, CD and food - do you suppose he'll feel a hankering for army rations? - he'd like to have along. Find out what he answered! That's Stranded, Saturday morning at 11:05 (11:35 NT) on CBC Radio One. YOUR TURN - WHAT'S NEW ON CBC RADIO: ***pre-empts Cross Country Checkup*** CBC Radio is launching a slate of new programs and new approaches this fall. This Sunday is your chance to find out more, and to put your questions to the people who make things happen at CBC Radio. Your Turn: What's New on CBC Radio is hosted by Mary Lou Finlay, with guests Shelagh Rogers, Anna Maria Tremonti, Noah Richler, Sook-Yin Lee and the Vice-President of CBC Radio, Alex Frame. That's this Sunday afternoon from 4 until 6 (EASTERN) on CBC Radio One (CBC Hotsheet via gh, DXLD) Live in all zones, 2000-2200 UT ** CHINA. AUTHORITIES UNBLOCK GOOGLE Excerpt from report by "staff reporter in Beijing" entitled "Web users surprised as Google goes back online" published by Hong Kong newspaper South China Morning Post (Business Post supplement) on 13 September Google.com search engine resumed operations yesterday after a two-week block suspected to have been ordered by the government, surprising users and technology experts. However, Google users cautioned against getting too excited about renewed access to the foreign-based search engine - the most popular among China's 45 million Internet users. "It's like a fever breaking - you don't know if the head will get hotter or will subside soon. We'll know tomorrow, I guess," said Danny Levinson, chief operating officer of Beijing-based online games and e- mail software and marketing service Xianzai.com. The English and Chinese versions of Google, plus its subsidiary sites, were yesterday functioning just as they did before they were blocked on 2 September. US-based Google spokeswoman Cindy McCaffrey said she had heard some China users could access Google, but could not explain why. "I don't have any new news to report on our end," she wrote from Google's headquarters in Silicon Valley. When Google and fellow American search engine AltaVista went down on the mainland, Chinese press reports said foreign search engines had been blocked because they had no physical presence in China but led Chinese users to sites containing pornography, gambling and other "unhealthy" content. Google's top Chinese-language search result for President Jiang Zemin was - and is still - a minghui.org site titled "Evil Jiang Zemin". The destination site is blocked, as are many anti-government sites. AltaVista, which offers a translation feature, remained inaccessible yesterday. IT analyst Duncan Clark said he suspected that while the site itself might work, it now used a mechanism to block access to sites containing certain phrases... Source: South China Morning Post (Business Post supplement), Hong Kong, in English 13 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) ** COLOMBIA. La Voz de tu Conciencia has been off the air since September 9, when their official permit was granted with the proviso that they move to 6010 from their present frequency of 6060, and this move they will try to make in a few days time. Reception reports for this new frequency would be much appreciated, says Russell M Stendal. Send your reports to rms05001@neutel.com.co giving as much detail as possible of any interference you notice (Henrik Klemetz, Sweden, Sept 13, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Well, no XEOI?? (gh, DXLD) Desde el pasado lunes 9 de septiembre, se encuentra apagada la señal de la emisora debido a que el Ministerio de Comunicaciones en la resolución que autoriza las operaciones de La Voz de tu Conciencia le asignó la frecuencia de los 6010 kHz, ordenando de inmediato suspender los 6060 y empezar a operar en ésta. Esto se presenta debido que Colmundo Radio no ha entregado oficialmente la frecuencia de los 6065 ante el Ministerio; sin entender que el transmisor que utiliza La Voz de tu Conciencia es el equipo que utilizará Colmundo, no existiendo la más minima posibilidad que vuelva a la onda corta. Ante esta situación el Ministerio exige soportar la existencia de interferencias en los 6010 para autorizar alguna otra; por ahora a mediados de la próxima semana se enciende en la nueva frecuencia. En realidad son muy necesarios los reportes de recepción que reciba. Russel Martín Stendall está viendo la posibilidad de otras frecuencias como los 5905, 5925, 6170 y 6115 kHz. Sobre esta última cabe alclarar que la Cadena Súper entregó oficialmente este canal con lo cual se confirma que desaparece La Voz del Llano (Rafael Rodríguez, Bogotá, Sept 13, Conexión Digital via DXLD) Lamento que esta joven emisora tenga tantos problemas y deba peregrinar en el dial pero, sin ponerme en forma minuciosa a analizar las otras frecuencias que mencionaste, creo que al ver la de 6115 khz hay que recordar que en la misma opera Radio Unión, Lima, que se va corriendo en el dial, pero que si retorna a su QRG original, seguramente ocasionará más de una interferencia a La Voz de tu Conciencia (Arnaldo Slaen, Argentina, ibid.) BTW, I think a number of subsequent items, such as Stendahl`s missionary/prisoner status, make it pretty clear this is a religious station, not just a `philosophical` one (gh, DXLD) ** C I S. FOREIGN RELAYS ON SW THROUGH FACILITIES IN THE CIS as of Sept. 5: http://www2.starcat.ne.jp/~ndxc/relay.htm and check http://www2.starcat.ne.jp/~ndxc/ which also has lots of other useful info, some of it in English (gh, DXLD) ** CUBA. Radio Reloj fue captada de nuevo en onda corta. En la madrugada del domingo 08/09, a las 0653. SINPO 4/3. Esta vez sólo en los 9550. Fuera del aire a las 0709 (Adán González, Catia La Mar, VENEZUELA, Sept 13, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** EQUATORIAL GUINEA. Hi Glenn, Jari Lehtinen made an excellent survey on SW-situation in Africa. Quite surprising he did not hear R NACIONAL DE GUINEA EQUATORIAL, Malabo. On September 4 I was able pick up their weak signal 2020 UT on 6249.4 kHz. Could it be, they don`t broadcast on regular basis? Hard to tell. As to me, I`m very casual DX-er. 73`s (Jouko Huuskonen, Turku, FINLAND, Sept 13, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** GERMANY. 147.3 KHZ 50 YEARS NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE DEUTSCHER WETTERDIENST Hallo Runde, nachstehend eine Nachricht von OM Juergen/dl8hci betreffend zwei bevorstehende Sonderveranstaltungen. 73 aus Genf, Ewald Professor Ferdinand Braun DAY. Am 20.-22. September 2002 Prof. Ferdinand Braun Tag unter dem call DL0PFB on the air: http://www.ferdinand-braun-day.de ______ Zum 50er Jubilaeum Deutscher Wetterdienst tasten wir im crossband DDH47 - afunk!! lies die Story im Englischen. Juergen / dl8hci 50 Years National Weather Service Deutscher Wetterdienst. Special longwave 147.3 kHz. 3565, 7025 or 14052 kHz. SW event with national weather service station DDH47 - DL0SWA. During the night from 8th to 9th November 2002, the National Weather Service of Germany, Deutscher Wetterdienst is going to celebrate it's 50th anniversary. A special crossband event will take place between amateur radio stations and weather service longwave transmitter DDH47 on 147.3 kHz from 2230 until 0530 UT. Amateur radio stns are encouraged to call DL0SWA/DDH47 on 3565, 7025 or 14052 kHz according to announcement made by transmissions from DDH47. The crew of DL0SWA (Seewetteramt) listens for calls on mentioned HF and replies on longwave 147.3 kHz and SW (7025, 1 watt). Please give rapport for DDH47 at your place and your locator only. Your rapport is used to calculate reception diagrams. During the former silence periods in maritime service, twice an hour from h+15 to h+18 and h+45 to h+48 minutes the transmitter will be keyed with the names of famous scientists in ultra slow keying. Expect one dot in 3 seconds. This special transmission is for long distance reception for proof of recognition. The crew of DL0SWA is hopefully to get reports from America! All weather services of the world benefited from the invention of wireless. From this time on weather reports could be taken from far away places and be submitted to the service just in time. After analysing the weather situation, forecast could be made and being sent back to shipping by famous stations like Washington/NSS, Portishead/GKB and Pinneberg/DDH47. On 11th November 1952 the national weather service of Germany, Deutscher Wetterdienst was founded as a national authority. This crossband event is conducted to celebrate its 50th anniversary of service. QSL cards are printed and distributed after the event via DARC Bureau. The crew is asking for fair play in calling us, so that more distant stations got the same chance to be heard as close ones. This event has been given approval by the national radio authority, Regulierungsbehoerde fuer Telecommunikation und Post and comes to you by courtesy of Deutscher Wetterdienst. Webinfo: http://www.dwd.de/de/wir/Geschaeftsfelder/Seeschifffahrt/Sendeplaene/Amateurfunk (via Ewald Glantschnig, Switzerland, A-DX Sep 10 via Wolfgang Bueschel, DXLD) Somebody please remind of this in early November; keeping track of far-in-advance items is a problem here (gh, DXLD) ** HUNGARY [non]. RIGHT-WING MEDIA FIGURES MAY FLEE TO AUSTRIA. Leading personalities of the now defunct "Press Club" program on Hungary's ATV channel intend to apply for symbolic asylum in Austria, "Nepszabadsag" reported on 9 September. One of them, journalist Istvan Lovas, announced that they will establish the Voice of Freedom Radio, which he said will be modeled on RFE/RL and will be broadcast from Austria "so as not to get in the way of the Hungarian radio and television authority." ("RFE/RL Newsline," 9 September via RFE/RL Media Matters Sept 13 via DXLD) ** INDONESIA [and non]. Can these be heard over the other side of the Pond? You may not have heard this cacophony over there Duane and others but they are everywhere even under WWV/WWVH on 10 MHz, particularly in the local hours of darkness. I myself am an ex IARU MS for VK7 and they were an constant pain in the butt even then. Now the Indonesians are joined by other Asian languages, including Japanese and Korean dialects and Cantonese. They are even operating on top of HF aviation channels such as the Sydney-Auckland-San Francisco channel of 8867 kHz (Robin VK7RH Harwood, Norwood, Tasmania, DX LISTENING DIGEST) This is from QNews for September 15th: IARUMS REPORT The presence of Indonesian non amateur groups on the various amateur band frequencies in the 40 and 20 metre bands is causing severe concern for all the amateurs of Region 3 and the world over. While they use amateur radio frequencies for their regular communications, you will never miss the many calls for Prayers and the many jokes and Kookaburra pattern of laughing with old men and young ladies together. The 40 metre band has several channels of 5 kHz intervals from the lower edge and these stations have their breeding grounds here. They graduate to other frequencies and move to 20 metre band, where they are on either side of the International Beacon frequency of 14100 kHz. Many of us in Region 3, cannot monitor any NCDXF/IARU beacons on this frequency. Although this QRM from Indonesians are being reported month after month, unfortunately, nothing seems to be happening. (forwarded by vk8ha via Harwood, DXLD) ** IRELAND [non]: RTE special transmission for Hurling Final on Sep 8: 1430-1630 13730 SAC to NAm ||||| totally blocked by ORF German 15275 TAI to SEAs/FE ||||| totally blocked by RVI Dutch & DW German 15500 SHB to C/SAm ||||| (34433) 17885 ASC to WAf ||||| (43343) co-ch R.Kuwait Ar & RL Turkmen 21645 WOF to NEAf ||||| (45544) Next transmission of RTE for Football Final will be on air on Sep. 22 (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 13 via DXLD) As would be expected, 13730 and 15500 were pretty good here, rest useless (gh, OK) ** ISRAEL. Unusual station in pirate zone. Dear Glenn; On UT Wednesday Sept 11 at 02:00, I heard a strange station on 6973 kHz. They were playing some sort of foreign pop music in a language which sounded, to me, like Hebrew. There was lots of talk by several men and a woman between tunes. This sounded too professional to be a pirate but could have been a program broadcast by one or a clandestine. What do you think of this? I listened to the station for almost 2 hours but heard no ID or interval signal. I listened again on UT Thursday at 03:30 but nothing was on that frequency. What could this be? Yours, (Bruce Atchison, AB, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Hi Bruce, It`s Galei Tsahal (or Zahal), the Israel Defence Forces station. Have had a number of reports on it. Supposedly 10 kW. Daytime frequency is 15785; I believe they switch to it about 0400 (or maybe it`s 0300 currently since you didn`t hear 6973 at 0330). 73, Glenn ** JAPAN. Dear Glenn, Greetings from the White Mountains of NH. I have a question regarding an item in DXLD 2-142. There is a post for a special broadcast of the JSWC Sep. 14-16 to be aired on Radio Japan. Underneath it lists" see previous item for schedule." What schedule? Do you know the time and frequencies for this broadcast? I e-mailed R. Japan requesting this information; I hope to hear from them soon (Scott R Barbour Jr, Intervale, NH, DX LISTENING DIGEST) You`re right; the following item fell thru the cracks. Meant to put in a previous issue, but here it is now (gh, DXLD) ** JAPAN [and non]. JAPAN SHORT WAVE CLUB 50TH ANNIVERSARY Dear sirs, The following is the urgent information from Mr. Toshimichi Ohtake, a senior member of JPN Short Wave Club (JSWC). A special broadcast in commemoration of the 50th anniversary since our DX club's foundation will take place on the coming weekend program "Hello from Tokyo" of Radio Japan (NHK) as follows: Time and frequencies of "Hello from Tokyo". (Radio Japan transmission is from Yamata, Japan, if no relay mentioned below.) Sept. 14, Saturday UT 0510-0559 6110 KHz (Canada relay, beam to N. America, West Coast), 13630 (Beam to N. America), 7230 (UK relay), 5975 (UK relay) 17810 (Beam to S.E. Asia) 15195 (Beam to Asian Continent), 11715/11760 (Beam to Far East Russia), 21755 (Beam to Oceania) UT 1010-1059 9695 KHz (Beam to S.E. Asia), 15590 (Beam to Asian Continent), 21755 (Beam to Oceania) UT 1710-1759 9505 KHz (Beam to N. America), 11970 (Beam to Europe), 15355 (Gabon relay, beam to Africa South) Sept. 15, Sunday UT 0010-0059 6145 KHz (Canada relay, beam to N. America East Coast), UT 0310-0359 17825 KHz (Beam to Central America), 21610 (Beam to Oceania) UT 1110-1159 6120 KHz (Canada relay, beam to N. America East Coast), 9695 (Beam to S.E. Asia) 15590 (Beam to Asian Continent) UT 1510-1559 7200 KHz (Beam to S.E. Asia) Sept. 16, Monday UT 0110-0159 17835 KHz (Beam to South America, West Coast), 17560 (Beam to Africa), 11880 (Sri Lanka relay beam to Africa) 17810 (Beam to S.E. Asia) 11860 (Singapore relay, beam to S.E. Asia) 17845 (Beam to Asian Continent) 15325 (Beam to S.W. Asia) 17685 (Beam to Oceania) JSWC will verify all corect reports. Please send your report to JSWC P.O.Box 138, Yokohama Port 231-8691, Japan. Please enclose 1 IRC or 1 US Dollar bill for return postage. Good DX'ing! (Toshi Ohtake, Secretary, JSWC 50th Anniversary Program, via Rudolf Sonntag, Germany, A-DX Sep 10 via BC-DX via DXLD) ** JAPAN. So the Japanese are talking about daylight shifting time! 73- (Bill Westenhaver, QC, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Viz.: JAPAN EYES DAYLIGHT-SAVING TIME DESPITE DECADES-OLD ANTAGONISM NATALIE OBIKO PEARSON, Associated Press TOKYO -- Much of the industrialized world may have switched to daylight time decades ago, but it is still seen as a radical idea by many in Japan -- and strongly resisted. It is not just the hassle of resetting clocks. Farmers fret that cows will be thrown off schedule and would not give as much milk. Social critics fear that children staying up later at night will turn into delinquents. And there are worries that Japan's office workers, under social pressure not to leave before dark, will end up spending even more time at their jobs. But attitudes may be changing. The government proposed going to daylight time in 1998, as part of the energy-saving guidelines drafted to meet the Kyoto Protocol on climate change. And daylight-saving time is being seen increasingly as an environmental issue. "I think the daylight-saving debate is set to become more lively," said Satoru Matsuda, a spokesman for the Environment Agency."Private groups are starting to come together on their own to discuss it." History may have been the biggest obstacle to the adoption of daylight time. It was imposed in 1948, under the U.S. occupation, after Japan's defeat in the Second World War. But it was so unpopular that the Japanese voted it out as soon as the U.S. troops left in 1952. Its association with Japan's postwar humiliation continued to stir up bitter opposition for years. Mr. Matsuda said that the government wants to adopt daylight time by 2008, citing the deadline set by the Kyoto Protocol, under which Japan has committed to a 6-per-cent reduction in emissions of greenhouse gases. Changing to daylight time could save 500 million litres of oil a year, the energy equivalent of every Japanese household keeping its lights off for a month, according to a study by the Energy Conservation Centre in Tokyo. That would mean $1-billion in energy saved a year, the study says. The figure compares to the amount Mexico said it has saved since adopting daylight time in 1996. Such figures probably are swaying many Japanese, whose country is poor in natural resources and heavily dependent on oil imports. (Globe & Mail via Bill Westenhaver, DXLD) Geez, why don`t they just get up an hour earlier and do everything an hour earlier, instead of messing with God-given Standard Time?? One more time: DAYLIGHT CANNOT BE ``SAVED``. IT CAN ONLY BE SHIFTED (gh, DXLD) ** KASHMIR. PAKISTAN: NEW HIGH-POWER KASHMIR RADIO STATION AT MIRPUR | Excerpt from report in English by Associated Press of Pakistan (APP) news agency Mirpur, 12 September: Azad Jammu Kashmir achieved a major breakthrough in the latest electronic media technology of modern era as a result of establishment of 100-kW radio station in Mirpur which will formally start its transmissions on 20 September when the federal minister for Information, Media Development and Kashmir Affairs Nisar Memon will inaugurate the 15.8m rupee AJK Radio Station Mirpur project. Elaborating the project, Muqarrab Khan Niazi, Controller Projects Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation told APP here Thursday that the newly-constructed Azad Kashmir Radio Mirpur has commenced its test transmissions on mediumwave on 936 kHz. The stations will give exceptional coverage to the cultural, political, educational, entertainment and development activities emerging in this part of the liberated territory through the large scale news and current affairs and other programmes for the interest of the listeners belonging to the areas spreading in the radius of thousands of kilometres especially in Jammu region of the India-held Jammu Kashmir state, since it was the earnest desire of the population of the area... Azad Kashmir Radio Mirpur will be the third radio station in AJK next to radio stations already functioning in Muzaffarabad and Tarakheil. Muzaffarabad and Tarakheil radio stations are giving their transmissions on mediumwave and shortwave frequencies respectively. To a question, he said that it will be the most modern Canada-made transmitter of 100 kW installed for Azad Kashmir Radio Mirpur to ensure the clear and smooth transmissions of its programmes for the listeners spreading in the areas in the radius of up to thousands of kilometres... To a question, the controller projects said that an independent electricity supply lines have been managed through an independent feeder from Mirpur Grid Station to run the high power transmitting station of the project. He said that 8.06m rupees have been paid to the AJK Electricity Department for the independent power supply lines from grid station to the transmitting house. He told that the required staff of all the sections of Azad Kashmir Radio Station Mirpur including engineering, programme, finance, administration, news and current affairs have started pouring in the town to assume the charge of their respective duties... Source: Associated Press of Pakistan news agency, Islamabad, in English 1435 gmt 12 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) ** KOREA NORTH. V. of Korea A-02 block schedule displayed as of May: http://www2.starcat.ne.jp/~ndxc/nk.htm (Glenn Hauser, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** KOREAS. INTER-KOREAN BROADCAST EXCHANGES GAIN MOMENTUM | Text of report in English by South Korean news agency Yonhap Seoul, 12 September: Exchanges between South and North Korean broadcasting stations have gained momentum thanks to the recent thaw in inter-Korean relations. Munhwa Broadcasting Corp (MBC) began releasing live news from Pyongyang through its nine o'clock news programme Wednesday [11 September] via a satellite connecting studios in Seoul with the (North) Korean Central TV in the North Korean capital. The move followed an agreement on the promotion of broadcast exchanges forged late last month between the Korean Broadcasting Commission and the (North) Korean Central Broadcasting Committee. Korean Broadcasting System (KBS) said the KBS Orchestra will hold a joint concert in Pyongyang with the North's state orchestra on the Chuseok holiday, which falls 21 September. The concert is scheduled to be aired simultaneously by KBS and the North's Central TV. Inter-Korean broadcast exchanges began to pick up speed after the first-ever summit talks between the South and North Korean leaders in June 2000, although there have been continued attempts on a civilian level. In September that year, KBS aired a special programme, "From Mount Paektu to Mount Halla" produced jointly with the North's Central Broadcasting Committee. The broadcasting station produced several documentary and special news programmes in Pyongyang for release in South Korea. MBC and commercial television network SBS have also dispatched reporters to Pyongyang for coverage of the lives of North Korean people. Despite the steady efforts towards broadcast exchanges, critics have said that most television networks limit in-depth information about North Korea to local viewers. They also noted that the exchanges have often been affected by changes in inter-Korean relations. "However, things have changed in recent months," a broadcasting official said. According to officials who have returned from the North Korea, Pyongyang has shown a more interested attitude towards the exchanges. They predicted that a series of recent agreements for inter-Korean economic and sports exchanges would help boost exchanges in the broadcast field, too. "We will be able to expand the scope of exchanges in the future by jointly producing various television programmes or dispatching permanent correspondents to North Korea as the first step to a complete opening up of broadcasting, which will enable South and North Korean television viewers to enjoy both sides' programmes," a broadcast expert said. Source: Yonhap news agency, Seoul, in English 0219 gmt 12 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) ** KYRGYZIA. Hello Glenn. Today I had a discussion with a person from Kyrgyzia. He told me that they call their country `Kyrgyz`; that means the correct term for the foreigners is Kyrgyzia. and that their language does not have any relationship with Turkish (although as far as I know both languages have the same Altaic roots) Under this the term `Kyrgyzstan` (`country of Kyrgyz` in Turkic terms) does not exist except declaring the land (Zacharias Liangas, Greece, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** LIBYA. No signal for LJB in Arabic: 1030-0330 on 17750. Now only on 15435 direct from Libya (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 13 via DXLD) ** MALTA [non]. Il y a plus de deux ans (voir dans la partie archives, dans les informations antérieures à 2001, messages du 30 juin 1999 et du 3 septembre 2000), la Voix de la Méditerranée confirmait un projet de développer ses émissions en langues étrangères, avec notamment des programmes supplémentaires en français et le début d'émissions en espagnol. La station a confirmé le 8 septembre 2002 que ce projet n'est pas abandonné. Il n'y a, à priori, pas de problème budgétaire, mais des soucis de locaux. Prochainement, les services devraient bénéficier de studios plus grands, et peut-être alors; cette demande pourra être satisfaite (la Voix de la Méditerranée - 08 septembre 2002, informations issues de http://perso.wanadoo.fr/jm.aubier via DXLD) ** MEXICO. XE??? 800, Montemorelos, Nuevo León; 0637 thought I had unneeded XEROK, surprised to find man in Spanish with local announcements "21 grados en Montemorelos", Apparently a NEW STATION here! I will continue checking (Steve Wiseblood, TX 9/12, DX LISTENING DIGEST) [Later:] XEDD FREQUENCY CHANGE! (ex 1560) 800 XEDD Montemorelos, Nuevo León; IMAGEN" news program to 1000 CDT, then local program featuring "música romántica/ranchera". "La DOBLE-D" At 1020, Spanish man with announcements", ads, "La temperatura en Montemorelos es 23 grados, ID, 1022 "saludos" greetings to the listeners, "La Grande del noreste de Mexico, X-E-D-D 800 de Montemorelos, Nuevo León, con SONIDO ESTÉREO." They mentioned that they are audible in NUEVO LEÓN, COAHUILA, ZACATECAS y TAMAULIPAS! FIRST DAY ON THE AIR AT FULL POWER! Power not mentioned but estimated to be 150 kW. But depending on type of antenna configuration, it`s at LEAST 50 kW. XEDD-AM DOBLE-D MONTEMORELOS 800.0 kHz 01826 TELEFONOS EN EL ESTUDIO: 3435898 3435998 I'll keep listening until they give the power! XEPET, 730, Peto, Yucatán; 0616 Sept 12, man in Spanish with ID "XEPET, La Voz de los Mayas", con 10 mil watts de potencia", continued with a man and woman in Mayan dialect. Note that this station changed frequency in January 2001 from 740 to 730 according to their website, but still listed as 740 on all the Mexican lists! http://www.ini.gob.mx/radiodifusoras/xepet/index.html 73's de (Steve/AB5GP Wiseblood, Boca Chica Beach, TX, DX LISTENING DIGEST) What about XEX 730 in Mexico City, 100 kW or more? Why would anybody that close want to move onto 730? (gh, DXLD) From their website: http://www.ini.gob.mx/radiodifusoras/xepet/index.html XEPET, "La Voz de los Mayas", se encuentra ubicada en Peto, Yucatán y transmite en los 730 kilohertz, en amplitud modulada, con 10,000 watts de potencia, para público Maya; su señal llega a 396 localidades de la Península de Yucatán, 291 ubicadas en 29 municipios del estado de Yucatán, 87 en 2 municipios de Quintana Roo y 14 en un municipio de Campeche. La XEPET inició sus transmisiones el 29 de noviembre de 1982 en la frecuencia de los 740 kilohertz. Debido a sus condiciones geográficas la localidad de Peto --- "corona de luna" en lengua maya --- fue escogida para el establecimiento de la emisora con la finalidad de abarcar la mayor parte de las comunidades mayas de la Península de Yucatán. Peto se ubica a 130 kilómetros al sur de Mérida y es cabecera del municipio del mismo nombre que colinda con el Estado de Quintana Roo. En enero del 2001 la radiodifusora cambió de frecuencia, quedando en los 730 kilohertz de amplitud modulada (via Steve Wiseblood, DXLD) ** NETHERLANDS. Hello from Hilversum, After what has been a difficult week for many people, I'm pleased to start with some good news: as of 1727 UT on 12 September, all four of our 500 kW transmitters at Flevo are operating normally again. We've updated the schedule, or rather reverted to the one we had before, and you'll find it at http://www.rnw.nl/realradio/html/schedule.html (Andy Sennitt, Media Network Newsletter Sept 13 via DXLD) ** NEW ZEALAND. Updated schedule for Radio New Zealand International effective from Sep. 3 1650-1750 Mon-Fri 6095 / 035 deg to NE Pacific, Fiji, Samoa, Cook 1751-1850 Mon-Fri 11725 / 035 deg to NE Pacific, Fiji, Samoa, Cook 1851-2050 Daily 15160 / 000 deg to All Pacific, also Eu 2051-0458 Daily 17675 / 000 deg to All Pacific, west coast USA 0459-0658 Daily 15340 / 000 deg to All Pacific, Eu, mid-west USA 0658-1105 Daily 11675 / 000 deg to All Pacific, mid-west USA 1106-1310 Daily 15175 / 325 deg to NW Pacific, Bougainville, E Timor, As, Eu 1311-1649 Occasional 6095 / 000 deg to All Pacific (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 13 via DXLD) ** NIGERIA [non]. No sign of Jakada Radio International 1900-1930 12125 12th September; always strong here when they were broadcasting (Mike Barraclough, Letchworth, UK, Cumbredx mailing list via DXLD) And no trace of Jakada here Sept. 13th at 0600-0630 on 15695 either (Noel R. Green, Blackpool - UK, ibid.) ** PARAGUAY. Hola Glenn, Saludos desde Catia La Mar. Aquí te envío algunos informes de escucha. Radio Nacional del Paraguay sigue activa en onda corta desde el primer informe del 6/09. Escuchada el 10 y 11 de septiembre, en la frecuencia variable de 9737.1 y 9737.2 (un kilohertz más arriba del utilizado el 06/09). El 10/09 fue captada con un SINPO de 4/4, a las 2250 con comentarios deportivos. Oída de nuevo a las 0040 y emitía el primer tiempo de un partido de fútbol entre el Cerro Porteño y el Club Libertad. Mucha interferencia de la Deustche Welle a partir de la 0157 UT. Registrada también el 11/09, con un programa de música tradicional, a las 2310. SINPO 3/3, variable a 3/2 (Adán González, Catia La Mar, VENEZUELA, Sept 13, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** PERU. Nice to hear a few Peruvians this morning; here a couple of the more interesting ones. Won't be long till the lower bands become quiet again. 5384.3, R Huarmaca (presumed), 1055, Sept 12, Nice Andean flute music with OM in Spanish. Fair/poor reception. 5678, R Ilucán, 1100, Sept 12, I've noticed this one the last couple of mornings, it's been a while since I last heard this one. Folk music. Fair signal (David Hodgson, Nashville, TN, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** RUSSIA. En definitiva, La Voz de Rusia utiliza una nueva frecuencia para las emisiones en español, entre las 0000 y 0150: 9890 kHz. Se escucha perfecto luego de que Radio Nederland deja los 9895 (Adán González, Catia La Mar, VENEZUELA, Sept 13, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** RUSSIA. 6 Sep, 0105 - 6160 kHz. Radio Rossii, 34433. ID at 0109. Must be 40 kW transmitter in Arkhangel`sk. Last year I noted that the frequency only becomes audible in September - and the same situation repeats now. Bad propagation, or is Arkhangel`sk silent during the summer? // 6150 kHz, 33442, boring LF tone (Sergei Alekseichik, Hrodna, Belarus`, Signal Sept 13 via DXLD) ** ST. VINCENT. Re WOR comments below: ``So, they will install IBOC and we'll say goodbye to St. Vincent.`` You can already say goodbye to St. Vincent. I saw in a trade magazine (Radio World, I think) a month or two ago that they have closed down their station on 705 and moved to FM. I think that leaves only three Caribbean splits on the air (not counting wandering Cubans!) - 535, 555 and 895. Did I miss any? (Barry McLarnon, Ottawa, Ontario, NRC-AM via DXLD) Maybe there`s still hope: http://www.nbcsvg.com/wibs.htm In January of 2002, NBC RADIO, started the process of changing its transmission to the FM Band. We now broadcast on 107.5, 89.7 and 90.7 FM. Although the 705 KHz transmitter has been switched off, plans are in the pipeline to operate an AM as well as FM Service to better serve the public service components of our broadcast. [Later:] I asked R St Vincent about AM, and got this reply. Dear Mr. Hattam, Yes, unfortunately, Radio St. Vincent and the Grenadines is now no longer on the A.M. Band. The service was abruptly terminated in April due to severe damage. However, attempts are currently being made to have it reinstituted. Best regards, Corlita Ollivierre, General Manager (via Mark Hattam, UK, via Barry McLarnon, ibid.) ** SAUDI ARABIA. On 21600 kHz with program in French at 1550 Sep 9, had a feature called "Islam et les problèmes contemporaires" and on 21597.5 neighbouring state United Arab Emirates Radio in Arabic had a good-mooded phone program with merry voices, laughs, etc. With the AOR AR7030 there was no problem to separate the signals, but as I can't recall hearing a 2.5 kHz separation on 13 mb; perhaps a mention is worthwhile. But surely, isn't this really too close for comfort? (Johan Berglund, Trollhättan, Sweden, Sept 13, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Of course it is, but has gone on for years now, with UAE unable or unwilling to stay on nominal 21605 (gh, DXLD) ** SLOVAKIA. Radio Slovaquie devrait normalement ouvrir une section espagnole fin mars 2003 (Radio Slovaquie Internationale - 8 septembre 2002, informations issues de http://perso.wanadoo.fr/jm.aubier via DXLD) ** SPAIN. 21610 kHz at 1610, Sep 9. Radio Exterior de España carried the program "Españoles en la mar" for Spanish sailors, and the top news item revealed, or confirmed rather, that Spanish - Moroccan relations are bordering on plain hostility. A fishing vessel from a port in Pontevedra had been seajacked and confiscated by the Morrocan Coast Guard off the Moroccan coast and taken to Agadir, and now the diplomats were at work. And this comes in the aftermath of that rather stupid fight over the Perejil rock off Ceuta. Just for the record. 73, (Johan Berglund, Trollhättan, Sweden, Sept 13, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** SRI LANKA. 3 Sep, 1450, 9770 kHz - SLBC (Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corp.) in English. Usual 50's oldies. SINPO 35433. News at 1500. Woman announcer ID'ed the station in an old manner: as Ceylon Br. Corp. I tried to look for the station Web site, but found nothing. Maybe somebody knows their web address? The only thing I managed to discover is the frequency FAQ http://www.faqs.org/faqs/sri-lanka-faq/ but I'm not sure whether it contains fresh info (Alexander Yegorov, Kyiv, Ukraine, Signal Sept 13 via DXLD) Indeed, FAQ sheet dated at top 1995y. Section 43 shows: Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation (SLBC) Radio Broadcasts 2000-2130 UTC 11835, 15120, 17805 KHz 0600-1000 UTC 6005, 9720, 17805 KHz SLBC North American Service 2330-0000 UTC - 15425 KHz Monday 0445-0515 UTC - 15425, 9720 KHz Tuesday Which info is so old, I hardly remember such a NAm service; however the page at the bottom claims to have been last updated Aug 16, 2002 (gh, DXLD) ** SUDAN [non]. U.K.: Millennium Voice in Arabic ceased transmissions via WOF 250 kW / 140 deg : 1330-1430 on 21550 to NEAf. No signal here in Bulgaria from August 19 (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 13 via DXLD) ** SWEDEN. In connection with elections in Sweden on September 15 Radio Sweden will increase our transmissions on short wave as follows: 1830-1900 5850 HB 350 kW / 190 deg in German to zones 27,28 1930-2000 5840 HB 350 kW / 260 deg in English to zones 13,14,27,28,36,37,46 1930-2000 5850 HB 350 kW / 190 deg in German to zones 27,28 2200-2230 6065 HB 500 kW / 190 deg in Swedish to zones 27-29,36- 40,46-48 2200-2230 11880 HB 500 kW / 040 deg in English to zones 28- 31,33,44,45,50 2200-2230 13650 HB 500 kW / 305 deg in English to zones 4,5,7-11,27 (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 13 via DXLD) {11880, aside Turkey, and 13650 were actually in Swedish -Joe Hanlon} ** TATARSTAN [and non]. RFE/RL HOLDS ROUNDTABLE ON TATAR-LANGUAGE MEDIA. On 27 August, Radio Azatliq (RFE/RL's Tatar-Bashkir Service) held a roundtable in Kazan, the capital of Tatarstan, in cooperation with Tatarstan Radio and Television on the eve of the third World Tatar Congress in that city. The roundtable -- which was also televised -- featured Rafael Khakimov, state adviser to the Tatarstan president and director of the Kazan Institute of History; Damir Iskhakov, ethnologist at the Kazan Institute of History; Milewshe Aituganova, deputy chairwoman of the Yanga Gasyr television and radio company in Kazan; Elfiya Minnulina, Tatar news editor at the intertat.ru news site. Frank Williams, RFE/RL director of marketing and affiliate development, shared his own knowledge of the growth of Welsh-language media in Britain. The session was chaired by Kerim Kamal, a broadcaster in RFE/RL's Tatar-Bashkir Service, and was sponsored by RFE/RL's Regional Analysis. For an English-language transcript, see http://www.regionalanalysis.org/events/briefings/2002/09/roundtables.asp (RFE/RL Media Matters Sept 13 via DXLD) ** THAILAND. In Laos article http://www.dxing.info/articles/laos.dx I noted he heard a mystery station on 6765 SSB. Has this anything to do with Bangkok Meteorological Radio, operating on 6765 and 8743? I haven't been listening them for some months, but I recall they have an interval-signal and they do announce their frequencies and broadcast times at the beginning of each transmission in Thai and English. Well, I've not heard music in the programs, only shipping weather information (Jari Savolainen, Kuusankoski, Finland, dxing.info via DXLD) ** U A E. UAE Radio Dubai noted on Sep. 11 on NF 13610*, instead of 13630: 1330-1350 English; 1350-1600 Arabic; 1600-1640 English and 1640-2100 Arabic *co-channel Radio Damascus Ru/Ge/Fr/En from 1700 and CRI Mandarin Chinese from 1730 (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 13 via DXLD) Is it sheer stupidity or something more sinister -- ME stations continually clashing with each other? (gh, DXLD) ** U K. The Last Night of the Proms is almost upon us, Sat Sept 14 at 1830-2130 on BBC Radio 3; the first two weeks in July had webcasts with video from BBC4, and that resumes for the finale: http://www.bbc.co.uk/proms/broadcasts/interactive.shtml (Glenn Hauser, and Ivan Grishin, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U K /RUSSIA: Bible Voice Broadcasting Network noted on Tuesday September 10: 1700-1745 Russian (ex 1700-1715) and 1745-1815 English (ex 1715-1815) on 7430 (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 13 via DXLD) ** U S A. BROADCAST NEWS GETS BACK TO SHOW BUSINESS September 11, 2002 BY ROBERT FEDER SUN-TIMES COLUMNIST In the days and weeks right after Sept. 11, it seemed as if the broadcasting business had been turned upside down. For the first time in memory, meaningful journalism was on the ascendancy, and television and radio bosses appeared to take seriously their obligation to inform -- and not just to entertain and to profit. With an immediate and unwavering sense of purpose, networks and affiliates blew out commercials and lost millions of dollars in the first 96 hours of the ordeal, signaling to some the start of a new era of sacrifice and responsibility. Reflecting the prevailing mood, local television news sobered up too. Everything that had made newscasts seem frivolous, exploitative or inconsequential was being re-examined. Well-intentioned (if journalistically misguided) anchors and reporters sported American flag pins on their lapels. Genuine reality -- not the fakery, smugness and smart-alecky attitude used to pander to the almighty young demographics -- was beginning to matter again. The amateurs then in charge of WBBM-Channel 2 looked even more ridiculous after Sept. 11 for their decision to force out Carol Marin and her serious approach to news less than a year earlier in order to embrace the cynical slogans and silly gimmicks championed by CBS stations news boss Joel Cheatwood. "Works For You" would become their ironic epitaph. On the radio side, Infinity Broadcasting's all-news WBBM-AM (780) rode coverage of the terrorist attacks and their aftermath (with a little help from the Bears) to the top of the ratings, beating Tribune Co. talker WGN-AM (720) and every other station in town for the first time ever. Stars of talk radio who wallowed in the personal miseries of their callers no longer seemed relevant -- or even interesting. The biggest of them all, Dr. Laura Schlessinger, lost her place on ABC-owned WLS- AM (890) and other major market news/talk outlets. Up and down the FM dial, music stations that had all but abandoned news over the last two decades suddenly couldn't add network, syndicated and local updates fast enough. Fearful that listeners might tune out -- as many of them did -- these radio jukeboxes added news updates virtually around the clock. But now, a year later, so much has gone back to the old way. Television's legacies of Sept. 11 include those ubiquitous crawls at the bottom of the screen and MSNBC's equally ubiquitous Ashleigh Banfield, who now rivals Fox News' Geraldo Rivera when it comes to utter self-absorption. While returning in large measure to their former diets of crime news, service features and celebrity puffery, broadcast news operations here continue to re-examine their own missions. The style and substance of the upcoming November ratings sweeps -- and decisions made by the new management of Channel 2 in particular -- will provide a clearer indication of local television's future course. Since it skyrocketed to the top, "Newsradio 780" fell back to third place and hasn't made any substantial investment in its product (unless you count the renewal of morning news diva Felicia Middlebrooks). WLS, after posting record-high ratings, lost its program director (and stands to lose its top-rated afternoon franchise, Roe Conn and Garry Meier, in an expected all-out bidding war next summer). Not surprisingly, many of the FM newscasts added in the weeks after Sept. 11 quietly have been cut back or eliminated altogether. In the case of radio giants Clear Channel Communications and Viacom's Infinity Broadcasting, good citizenship had its limits, too. The pressures of advertising losses in a tough economy, the difficulties of consolidation and the specter of increased government scrutiny only became worse after Sept. 11. All of that led to top- level shakeups and massive cutbacks across the board. Few tears were shed in Chicago over the recent departures of both companies' chief operators -- Clear Channel's Randy Michaels, who had inflicted the scourge of "cyberjocking" (importing out-of-town voices on tape) on the industry, and Infinity's Dan Mason, who coldly engineered the demise of two of Chicago's great heritage stations, WMAQ and WJJD (via Mike Cooper, DXLD) ** U S A. MANY TINY TOWNS USE RADIO TO SWAP GOODS REID J. EPSTEIN, The Wall Street Journal Wednesday, September 11, 2002 http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/news/archive/2002/09/11/financial0906EDT0034.DTL&type=printable (via Mike Cooper, DXLD) ** U S A. KWMT-540 Fort Dodge IA, back to full power; from their website: CLASSIC COUNTRY AND AG NEWS MONSTER BACK TO FULL POWER As many of you may know, the broadcast tower of our sister station, Mix 94.5 KKEZ FM, was cut down by vandals on March 19th of this year. Unfortunately, their tower was an integral part of our broadcast array. Since that time, we have had to broadcast at a much lower power than normal. But no longer. As of Friday, August 2nd, we are operating at full power once again. Please, Call our studio line at (515) 955- 7254 and let us know how our signal is doing in your area! Or, click on the feedback link above to send us a quick e mail. We'd be delighted to hear from you! Click here http://www.kkez.com/jacor-common/globalphotos.html?eventID=3815&eventsection= to see pictures taken on the last day of work on the new tower. One of the crew workers took the station's digital camera to the top of the tower with him and got some amazing shots of Fort Dodge. Enjoy... (via Bill Smith, TX, Sept 12, DXLD) Also: Mix's new tower humming like a dream... Ray D. O'Tower (he's Irish!) got his official welcome into the Fort Dodge business community on July 23rd. Click Here to see the event. http://www.kkez.com/jacor-common/globalphotos.html?eventID=4454&eventsection= (via gh, DXLD) ** U S A. Personally, I have a big problem with the way Clear Channel does business and hires personnel. If anyone desires opposing views on Clear Channel Communications (away from this list), I have some Web sites to recommend: http://www.clearchannelsucks.org/ (the name says it all) http://www.partytown.com/cmp/ (Partytown's Corporate Media Portal) http://www.salon.com/ (the CC articles are by Eric Boehlert) I think the news on Clear Channel should be kept to a minimum. The appropriate place for this is on the "N0UIH DX-Talk" list on Topica. Instead of replying to these items on this list, I copy them to my own list. Personally, I don't listen to much local commercial radio (apart from independents like KTRS 550, WGNU 920 and WRYT 1080). 73 and good DX from (Eric Bueneman, Amateur Radio Station N0UIH, IRCA via DXLD) ** U S A. TEXAS AM FINE REDUCED TO $3,000 The FCC's Dallas field office on May 24 issued a $4,000 fine notice against Tarrant Radio Broadcasting after investigating complaints from November 2001 that brokered Ethnic KZEE/Weatherford, TX did not power down from 500 watts to eight watts at sunset, as required by its license. An on-site field office inspection confirmed the violation and determined that KZEE was also operating during the daytime at 30% more than its allowed power. KZEE personnel explained that they did not know how to operate the remote control for the station's transmitter and that station employees did not adjust the transmitter power level (From radioandrecords.com on Sept. 12, 2002 via Brock Whaley, Atlanta -- KZEE is on 1220 kHz, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A. I received the following from a contact at FCC, and since many of you use these inquiries, I wanted to pass the info on: Links update at FCC AMQ AM Query http://www.fcc.gov/mb/audio/amq.html FMQ FM Query http://www.fcc.gov/mb/audio/fmq.html TVQ TV Query http://www.fcc.gov/mb/video/tvq.html For most other FCC links you can easily find out the URL using the drop down menu on the left at http://www.fcc.gov/mb/audio/ The link changes were caused by a reorganization within the FCC a few months back (Russ Edmunds, Blue Bell, PA, NRC FMTV via DXLD) ** U S A. RESTRICTED LPFM MAJOR CHANGE WINDOW ANNOUNCED FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE The FCC has announced in a public notice that a restricted filing window will be opened for major changes between October 28 and November 1, 2002. Applications affected in this window are those that were filed prior to the Radio Broadcast Protection Act, a rider to a bill passed by Congress that would direct the FCC to impose third- adjacent channel restrictions on LPFM stations. This includes some LPFM stations in California. The applications named in the public notice can file major amendments to change their station location and/or change frequency to resolve the third adjacent channel restrictions. In addition, applications mentioned in "Appendix A" and "Appendix B" in the second LPFM R&O will also be eligible for filing window. To assist applicants, the FCC will modify their Channel Finder program to exclude these applications in order to assist these applicants find another channel. REC plans to include a "switch" to allow for the exclusion of these station records in our LPFM Channel Search Tool. This switch will be in place prior to the opening of the window. REC has information specific to Southern California LPFM applications including alternate channel selections on some stations at: http://www.recnet.com/lpfminfo/1002window.pdf For information on Low Power FM (LPFM) Radio visit: http://www.recnet.com/lpfminfo REC's LPFM Channel Search Tool http://www.recnet.com/lpfm # # # REC # # # - - - - - REC Networks - http://www.recnet.com - Bringing you fun and culture since 1984. http://www.animehardcoreradio.net - Anime Hardcore Radio - 24 hour a day anime! (via Mike Terry, DXLD) ** U S A [and non]. Kevin Redding in Phoenix and I both heard the adjacent channel white noise/"digital whine" and hiss from WLW on their IBOC test at a good level, so that gives you an idea of how much IBOC can affect nearby frequencies on a conventional AM receiver. Fred Vobbe also had a good report on this in the last DXAS; maybe he'll summarize for the list. I don't like to get into doom-and-gloom stuff, but IBOC will have a catastrophic impact on DXing if it becomes widely adopted. I think split-channel DX from the east coast will become extraordinarily difficult if most east coast 50 KW stations go IBOC, for example. Domestic DX will be more difficult because of all the noise, and I'm curious how IBOC will affect the normal coverage area of a station when received on a conventional AM receiver. Somebody please correct me if I'm wrong on this, but I believe the normal, non-skywave coverage area of an AM station will be reduced under IBOC. With the digital noise IBOC introduces, the AM band will probably be a mess in secondary coverage areas or at night. Of course, it will be interesting to experience skywave propagation on an IBOC receiver. Does anyone know if IBOC has the same "now you see it/now you don't" reception characteristics that HDTV exhibits when the received signal drops below a certain level? If IBOC FM produces similar adjacent channel junk (as I understand it does), then FM DXing will also suffer. I know that some terrestrial broadcasters think IBOC is the magic bullet that will solve all their problems (even those caused by too many stations chasing a finite pool of listeners and ad dollars), but I wonder if IBOC might prove to ultimately be of more benefit to satellite services like XM. The AM and FM bands will sound like hell on conventional AM/FM receivers if IBOC is widely adopted. You can hear the advertising pitch now. . . . . "instead of upgrading your AM/FM car radio, step up to noise-free, anywhere-you-go satellite radio!" (Harry Helms AK6C, Ridgecrest, CA DM15, NRC-AM via DXLD) How long will it be until IBOC becomes part of a stations signal? Those that have heard it, how much QRM does it cause? If I live 500 miles from a station like KGO SF with 200 KW ERP this way. They are S9+40 DB nights, what kind of QRM can I expect? Or if a station is weaker on gy frequency, if that station has IBOC, what type of QRM would you have DXing? (Patrick Martin, Or, Sept 12, NRC-AM via DXLD) For your KGO example, picture having a constant roaring buzzy noise at about S9+25 dB on 800 and 820 - how's that sound? When WLW-700 was transmitting IBOC, it completely destroyed reception on 710 here, and that includes WOR's big signal... unless I nulled WLW. Of course, having nulled them, I couldn't also null WOR to hear anything else on 710. So, it's kind of like having two new stations, transmitting continuous noise, pop up alongside each existing station that goes IBOC. If that happens on a large scale, we can declare AM DXing dead (Barry McLarnon, Ottawa, ibid.) Being a Canadian, how do you think the Canadian government will view all this QRM coming from US stations? It is bound to cause extreme interference in your secondary coverage of Canadian stations. For instance here in the West where the Vancouver stations serve Victoria and Vancouver Island. The listeners there may not be able to receive Vancouver stations with a clear signal. I still don't see this flying (Pat Martin, ibid.) I know for a fact that Industry Canada (not to mention the Canadian Association of Broadcasters and the CBC) has serious concerns about the effects of IBOC on Canadian AM and FM stations. I suspect that some discussions with the FCC on this matter have already taken place. The Mexicans probably have similar concerns, but since they haven't made a decision about DAB yet, they might still be persuaded to jump on the IBOC bandwagon. It will be interesting to see how this all plays out! (Barry McLarnon, ibid.) SW DXing, anyone??? (Pat Martin, MWDXer, OR, ibid.) Pat, it so happens there is a movement underway to implement digital SW broadcasting. It's called "DRM" (for Digital Radio Mondiale) and is similar in many respects to IBOC; it supposedly can fit into 10 kHz frequency space and delivers audio quality roughly equivalent to mono FM but with a lower high frequency range. And, like IBOC, it generates plenty of white noise and digital hash on adjacent frequencies. Places like VOA Delano have tested DRM and it does a real number on adjacent stations. Despite this, several major international broadcasters are pressing ahead and plan to go to DRM broadcasting. Now let's see. . . . SW broadcasting is supposedly the best way to reach listeners in third world nations without access to western media sources, so they want to adopt a system that either forces such third world audiences to buy a new receiver that costs half their annual income or else suffer through increased interference and noise. Oh, they say, DRM is really intended for listeners in places like North America. And we all know how rapidly SW listening is growing in North America! Sounds like a plan to me!!!! I want to invest!!!! Geez louise. . . . . where do people get these ideas? (Harry Helms AK6C, Ridgecrest, CA DM15, ibid.) Our hobby is an unintentional byproduct that was created by technology and commerce. Sad as it seems, there'd be a sort of poetic justice should technology and commerce also put an end to it (Steve Francis, TN) I disagree that AM (and FM) broadcast DXing will come to an end. I don't believe that anyone can say for sure what DXing the digital signals will be like. I wish I had an IBOC receiver to catch the WTOP, WLW, and WOR tests. Regarding analog, using the example of receiving the St. Vincent 705 kHz analog signal with digital interference from WOR 710, right now you have to null WOR analog interference to receive St. Vincent, so why wouldn't you be able to null WOR digital interference to receive St. Vincent? Phasing and Beverages should still be able to null domestic interference for reception of transoceanic signals. When I phase out a domestic signal, it shouldn't matter whether it's analog or digital, it's still phased out. Plus the analog will be limited to 5 kHz bandwidth when IBOC is on, so there should be less analog splatter. IF and audio filtering may also reduce digital interference. DXing will be different, but I'm going to wait before throwing in the towel, raising the white flag, etc. (Bruce Conti - Nashua NH, ibid.) WOR engineering has a press release regarding IBOC posted on the Internet at the following URL: http://www.wor710.com/Engineering/iboc/pressrelease.htm (Bruce Conti - Nashua NH, ibid.) Buckley Broadcasting/WOR has entered into an agreement with iBiquity Digital Corporation that will once again make WOR a pioneer in the Broadcast industry. WOR will be a test station for IBOC Digital AM Radio. IBOC (In Band On Channel) Digital will offer AM stations FM Stereo audio quality. WOR will be the first AM station in New York City to broadcast a digital signal. Tests will begin sometime in August. The average listener will not notice any difference in WOR's signal. WOR's participation in the testing of IBOC transmission will be instrumental to the commercial launch of the technology. For the past ten years, there has been a movement afoot to have AM and FM broadcasters begin a transition to a digital transmission method. Various methods have been proposed. The IBOC system for FM stations has been approved for use on FM, and it has been recommended that the FCC add rules to start implementation of FM IBOC and AM IBOC, but during daytime only for AM stations. AM stations have different issues regarding transmission than FM stations do. This is where WOR will come in. AM signals bounce off the atmosphere at night. This is one reason WOR employs a directional transmitting antenna. There are questions as to how Digital AM will perform with skywave interference. There also are questions as to how the digital portion of an AM signal will react in the "concrete canyons" of New York City (and other major cities, as well). WOR will be instrumental in helping iBiquity identify these issues. Thomas R. Ray, III, Corporate Director of Engineering for Buckley Broadcasting/WOR states, "I take great pride in having our radio station be part of the development of one of the biggest technical advancements in radio broadcasting since FM stereo in the 1960's. WOR has been a pioneer since being one of the only radio stations on the air in the US in 1922. We have been part of the development of the profanity delay, were pioneers in the development of the AM directional transmitting antenna, and were one of the major players during Radio's 'golden era' by forming the Mutual Radio Network. I'm proud of being given the opportunity to pilot WOR through another technical pioneering phase". For more information, contact Thomas R. Ray, III at tomray@wor710.com, or visit http://www.wor710.com (WOR website via DXLD) Good and bad news from WOR 710 NY: A quote from one of WOR's engineers: "...we will be installing and testing the Ibiquity IBOC digital system on our existing site. This will occur in the next few weeks, I do not know how long we will go off air yet, but it may be several hours while we setup the IBOC system." So, they will install IBOC and we'll say goodbye to St. Vincent. However, they will go off the air for a period of time to do so (Rick Kenneally, CT, Sept 12, NRC-AM via DXLD) See also ST. VINCENT ** UZBEKISTAN. Radio Tashkent in German now is on air only in two frequencies: 1935-2030 on 5025, 11905 and deleted 5035, 5060, 9540, 9545 73 from (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 13 via DXLD) Does this also affect English at 2030, 2130? (gh, DXLD) ** VENEZUELA. Reactivada en los 4940 kHz, el pasado 06/09, Radio Amazonas, desde Venezuela. SINPO 3/2. Oída a las 0000. Transmitía música romántica e ignoraba una obligatoria cadena oficial de radio y TV, transmitida a esa misma hora en todo el país. Muchos 73. Saludos (Adán González, Catia La Mar, VENEZUELA, Sept 13, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** WALES. See TATARSTAN --- how often do I get to say that??!! ** WALLIS & FUTUNA. NEW WEB SITE FOR EXPATS OF WALLIS & FUTUNA Those interested in seeing examples of the world's different languages on the Internet have something new to look at. The diaspora from the Pacific island of Wallis and Futuna, known as "Uvea mo Futuna," now have a Web site in their own indigenous language. The website, http://www.uvea-mo-futuna.com is designed mainly for the Wallisians and Futunians living outside their islands, located Northeast of Fiji. It's estimated that over 20,000 Wallisians and Futunians are permanent residents of New Caledonia - more than the 15,000 who actually live in Wallis and Futuna. The site's Webmaster, Asi Talatini, got the idea for the Web last year when he was working on an assignment as part of his journalism and communication studies in Paris. "It is not a tourism or cultural promotion site, neither does it specifically deal with general information about Wallis and Futuna", says Talatin. "It's about current affairs, news and views as they are expressed by contributors. And, for that matter, everyone is welcome to contribute." His regular contributors include a student in Auckland, a lumberjack in Canada, and a fashion model in New York (© Radio Netherlands Media Network 13 September 2002 via DXLD) ** WINDWARD ISLANDS. The link above under ST. VINCENT is a story more about the breakup of the onetime Windward Islands Broadcasting Service on SW. Here it is again: http://www.nbcsvg.com/wibs.htm (gh, DXLD) ** ZIMBABWE. STATE BROADCASTER SPLIT INTO SEPARATE PROGRAMMING, TRANSMISSION FIRMS | Text of report by Zimbabwean radio web site on 13 September The Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation [ZBC] has been split into two companies following the promulgation of the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation, Commercialization, Act 2001. In a statement, the ZBC corporate secretary, Jenniffer Tanyanyiwa, said the split will see the two successor companies, Transmedia Corporation and the ZBC, taking over the functions of the old ZBC. "ZBC will now be concentrating on broadcasting and content provision as its core functions while the Transmedia corporation will be a signal carrier company responsible for transmitting radio and TV signals," she said. She said the two parties have identified assets, liabilities and staff related to the functions of signal transmission and transferred them to Transmedia corporation as required by the Act. She added that the two companies will soon embark on an intensive communication exercise to educate members of the public and other stakeholders on the split. Ms Tanyanyiwa expressed hope that the separation of functions will enhance service delivery by the ZBC. "This should also enable Transmedia to focus on improving transmitter networks around the country, particularly in border areas where both radio and television reception is currently low," she said. Source: ZBC radio text web site, Harare, in English 13 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) Why bother? Other than such splits being a fad in the developed world. Who really benefits? (gh, DXLD) UNIDENTIFIED. 6 Sep, 0125 - 10750 kHz. Classical music, 35433. Time pips and comments in Spanish at 0130. No ID noted during that. Followed by more classics, Montserrat Caballe noted among them (if I was not mistaken). (Sergei Alekseichik, Hrodna, Belarus`, Signal via DXLD) That`s really out of band; rarely any broadcsters, even harmonics found in this area; close to FM receivers` IF 10.7, however. SW receiver 2 x IF image from 11660 could fall here (gh, DXLD) ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ PROPAGATION +++++++++++ :Product: Weekly Highlights and Forecasts :Issued: 2002 Sep 10 2212 UTC # Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Environment Center # Product description and SEC contact on the Web # http://www.sec.noaa.gov/weekly.html # # Weekly Highlights and Forecasts # Highlights of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 02 - 08 September 2002 Solar Activity ranged from low to moderate levels. Moderate activity was observed on 03 September, and again on 08 September, with low-level M-class flares. For flare times and magnitudes, please refer to the Energetic Events or Optical Flare lists. Low activity was observed for the rest of the summary period. The most significant event during the period was long duration C5/Sf flare from Region 102 (N09, L=019, class/area Hsx/50 on 02 September) on 05 September. Associated with this event was a disappearing solar filament, a Type II radio sweep, and a full halo CME as observed by SOHO/LASCO C2 imagery. This event was the only activity observed from Region 102. Region 105 (S07, L=299, class/area Fko/850 on 08 September) rotated onto the visible disk on 07 September as a large, beta-gamma spot group. Region 95 (N08, L=060, class/area Fki/750 on 03 September) was in a gradual decay phase during the summary period. On 06 September, Region 95 simplified to a beta magnetic configuration and at the close of the period had an area coverage of 160 millionths and an Fso spot class. Solar wind data were available from the NASA Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) spacecraft for most of the summary period. A weak transient CME shock passage was detected by ACE at 03/1710 UTC, marked by an increase in solar wind velocity to near 390 km/s and a prolonged period of negative Bz. On 04 September solar wind velocity reached a peak value around 500 km/s then gradually decayed over the next three days. On 07 September a CME shock was observed by ACE at 07/1611 UTC with a 175 km/s increase in solar wind velocity to near 575 km/s and a 20 nT deflection in Bz to near –22 nT. Severe storming levels followed this shock impact. A greater than 10 MeV proton event began on 07/0440 UTC, reached peak value of 208 pfu at 07/1650 UTC and ended at 08/0145 UTC. The proton event was associated with the long duration C5 flare mentioned above. The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geo-synchronous orbit was at normal to moderate levels for most of the period. Electron flux reached high levels on 06 September due to recurring coronal hole effects. The geomagnetic field was at quiet to severe storm levels. Active to major storming conditions were observed on 04 September due to combined coronal hole effects and a weak transient. Late on 07 September and early on 08 September severe storming conditions occurred as a result of the CME from the long duration C5 event on 05 September. A 7 nT sudden impulse was observed at the Boulder magnetometer at 07/1638 UTC. Forecast of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 11 September - 07 October 2002 Solar activity is expected to be low to high. Activity is expected to be moderate to high early in the period, 11-21 September, due to Region 105. Low to moderate levels are expected for the remainder of the period. A proton event is possible on 11-21 September due to activity from Region 105. No proton events are expected after Region 105 rotates beyond the west limb on 21 September. The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geo-synchronous orbit may reach event threshold on 13-15 September due to coronal hole effects. The geomagnetic field is expected to be at quiet to unsettled levels for most of the period. Active conditions are possible on 11-13 September due to a coronal hole. :Product: 27-day Space Weather Outlook Table 27DO.txt :Issued: 2002 Sep 10 2211 UTC # Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Environment Center # Product description and SEC contact on the Web # http://www.sec.noaa.gov/wwire.html # # 27-day Space Weather Outlook Table # Issued 2002 Sep 10 # # UTC Radio Flux Planetary Largest # Date 10.7 cm A Index Kp Index 2002 Sep 11 210 15 3 2002 Sep 12 220 15 3 2002 Sep 13 225 15 3 2002 Sep 14 225 10 3 2002 Sep 15 230 8 3 2002 Sep 16 235 8 3 2002 Sep 17 230 10 3 2002 Sep 18 235 12 3 2002 Sep 19 225 12 3 2002 Sep 20 210 12 3 2002 Sep 21 200 10 3 2002 Sep 22 185 12 3 2002 Sep 23 175 8 3 2002 Sep 24 165 8 3 2002 Sep 25 160 10 3 2002 Sep 26 160 10 3 2002 Sep 27 160 10 3 2002 Sep 28 160 8 3 2002 Sep 29 155 10 3 2002 Sep 30 155 12 3 2002 Oct 01 155 12 3 2002 Oct 02 155 10 3 2002 Oct 03 160 10 3 2002 Oct 04 170 8 3 2002 Oct 05 185 8 3 2002 Oct 06 200 8 3 2002 Oct 07 210 8 3 (from http://www.sec.noaa.gov/radio via WORLD OF RADIO 1147, DXLD) ### |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| DX LISTENING DIGEST 2-142, September 11, 2002 edited by Glenn Hauser, wghauser@hotmail.com Items from DXLD may be reproduced and re-reproduced only if full credit be maintained at all stages and we be provided exchange copies. DXLD may not be reposted in its entirety without permission. Materials taken from Arctic or originating from Olle Alm and not having a commercial copyright are exempt from all restrictions of noncommercial, noncopyrighted reusage except for full credits HTML version of this issue will be posted afterwards at http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldtd02.html For restrixions and searchable 2002 contents archive see http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldmid.html NOTE: If you are a regular reader of DXLD, and a source of DX news but have not been sending it directly to us, please consider yourself obligated to do so. Thanks, Glenn WORLD OF RADIO 1147: BROADCASTS ON WWCR: Thu 2030 15825, Sat 0500, Sun 0230 5070, 0630 3210 BROADCASTS ON RFPI: Sat 0100, 0700, Sun 0000, 0600 on 7445, 15038.7; webcasts also Sat 1800, Sun 1200, 1830? ONDEMAND http://www.wrn.org/ondemand/worldofradio.html [from Friday] (DOWNLOAD) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1147.rm (STREAM) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1147.ram (SUMMARY) http://www.worldofradio.com/wor1147.html WORLD OF RADIO on WWCR: The Wednesday 0930 airing on 9475 was replaced by something else Sept 11 (Chris Hambly, Australia) Temporarily? {Yes} ** AFRICA [and non]. [HCDX] AFRICA BANDSCAN DURING AURORA CONDITIONS In 7th September 2002, sun erupted. Northern Lights reached even Southern Finland providing some majestic entertaiNment on clear, moonless night sky. At the moment I was in a DXpedition in Western Finland with Pauli Holm. Equipment used were Yaesu FRG-100 receivers and two 700 metre long wire antennas directed to 60 and 240 degrees. Earlier in day we had already dismantled two other wires as the DX-pedition was near the end. After the solar effect began with full force, Russian and West European stations practically disappeared on dial. Mediumwaves were dominated by Switzerland, Germany, Austria and Romania. On shortwaves some rare African SW stations, logged last time here years ago, became suddenly audible, some of them with astonishing strength. It was a pity that the real session began only after East African stations had closed down. The following bandscan is by no means complete, but we think it gives a pretty good idea about the SW activity in (West) Africa right now. All stations logged On 7th September 2002. All times UT. HEARD [gh inserted country subheadings for future ease of reference] NAMIBIA 3290 2100 R Namibia, Windhoek. Surprisingly now here, 3270 was perhaps off? SOUTH AFRICA 3320 2230 R Sonder Grense. Meyerton. No difference in reception. Signal strength was average, if not even less than average. NIGERIA 3326 2127- FRCN Lagos. Strong distortion in audio. Long time no hear. DJ said that they have made some improvements and they asked reception reports from shortwave listeners! Send your report now! *wink* GHANA 3366 2120- GBC Accra. Solid as usual. NIGERIA 4770 2200- FRCN Kaduna. Really good signal, and nice audio, unlike other Nigerians. MALI 4783 2130- RTM Bamako. As //4835, 5995 BOTSWANA 4820 2130- R Botswana, Gaborone. MALI 4835 2130- RTM Bamako. Hi-Fi number 1. MAURITANIA 4845 2130- ORTM Nouakchott. Hi-Fi number 2. GHANA 4915 2100- GBC Accra. No problems ever here. ANGOLA 4950 2230- RN Luanda. I had hoped that these conditions would improve the signal of Luanda, but it didn't happen. Weak as usual. BENIN 5025 2107- ORTB Parakou. Holy smoke, said Batman. In summer I spent numerous nights here, hearing only a couple of minutes of national anthem. Now Parakou was booming with only a slightly less force than Burkina! BURKINA FASO 5030 2100- R Burkina, Ouagadougou. S9+30 dB. LIBERIA 5100 2308- Liberian Communications Network, Monrovia. ID as "International Service" (of R Liberia or of LCN). In summer BBC Listening Post in Caversham reported they hadn't heard this since early spring. Is operating still - or again. Everything spoken live to microphone was very silent, but music pieces and prerecorded programmes were heard normally. MALI 5995 2130- RTM Bamako. NIGERIA 6050 -2147* FRCN Ibadan. Humorous DJ, I would say. "Yay yay yay, it's Saturday night!" he said, closed the station, and off he went - to spend Saturday night, perhaps. GUINEA 7125 2230- R Guinea, Conakry. "Radio Guineé". BENIN 7210 -2259* ORTB Cotonou. Can't even remember when this was heard last time in Finland. Talk show. UNCERTAIN 4850 2150- UNID. It sounded like French, occasionally. It sounded like vernaculars, occasionally. But it was very distorted and weak. CRTV Yaoundé? Even if it was, and that would be first Cameroon logging for years in Finland, reception was practically useless. SEMI-ACTIVE CONGO 5985 2200- RTV Congolaise: Not here that night. Has been heard occasionally. Not operating every night, but was logged frequently during summer and again in the end of August. NOT HEARD These stations are apparently inactive. [TOGO, SIERRA LEONE, LESOTHO, CHAD, EQUATORIAL GUINEA, NIGER, CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC, IVORY COAST] 3232 2200 R Kara: NOTHING. [used to be 3222 per WRTH 98 – gh] 3316 2200 Sierra Leone BC: NOTHING. 4800 2200 R Lesotho: Only very weak Chinese here. 4905 2130 RN Tchadienne: Only station here was very weak Tibet. 5003 2130 RN Bata: NOTHING. 5020 2130 RN Niger: NOTHING. 5035 2130 Radio Centrafique: Only station here was Radio Aparecida. 5047 2130 RN Togolaise: NOTHING. 6015 2130 RT Ivorienne: NOTHING. 6250 2200 RN Malabo: Some very weak station was playing Mike Oldfield & Maggie Reilly, but we believe this was an European pirate. 7215 2130 RT Ivorienne: NOTHING. 11920 2130 RT Ivorienne: NOTHING. TO RECORD To illustrate the situation, here is also a gigantic 49 mb bandscan, including every station heard between 5800 and 6300 kHz at 2330 UT: (unID = unidentified = station with signal hanging at s/n level) 5960 unID 5995 Mali 6005 Deutschlandradio 6025 unID 6060 unID 6075 DW 6085 MDR-Info 6095 Spanish 6135 unID 6200 Iran Now that is what I call impressive. 73's (Jari Lehtinen, Sept 10, hard-core-dx via DXLD) ** AUSTRALIA. Voice International, Darwin schedule off their web site. New On air Schedule/Program, effective 1 Sept 2002. English Freqs UTC Hours of bc Target 17775 kHz 0130 1/2 hour duration China 13685 kHz 0900 4 hour duration China 13685 kHz 1300 2 hour duration Indonesia/India 11930 kHz 1500 4 hour duration Indonesia/India Indonesian 21680 kHz 0530 1/2 hour duration Indonesia 17820 kHz 0600 2 hours duration Indonesia 15365 kHz 0900 4 hours duration Indonesia 13660 kHz 1300 5 hours duration Indonesia Hindi 13635 kHz 1100 6 hours duration India Chinese 13640 kHz 2200 3 hours duration China [but to be replaced by 15165 soon/already, wb] 13775 kHz 0900 5 hours duration China 17560 kHz 1400 3 hours duration China (via Noel R. Green, UK, BC-DX Sep 2 via DXLD) ** BELARUS. In reply to Johan Berglund about the poor reception of R. Minsk in Sweden on 1170 kHz: this transmitter is operated with a highly directional antenna to the SW at 244 , with very little radiation towards Scandinavia (Bernd Trutenau, Lithuania, Sept 10, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** BELARUS/RUSSIA. 4890 / 4982 : Seit wann sendet R Russia auf 4890 kHz um 0410 UT aus Weissrussland? bzw. 4982 R Majak - auch noch mit Sinpo "O=4" (gleiche Zeit aus gleichem Land). Auf 4982 wird im Zeitbereich 0300-1800 unregelmaessig das Programm von R Mayak im Relais uebertragen, oefters \\ zu 5134. Es soll sich um weissrussische Militaersender handeln, die seit Jahren in SSB das Programm von Mayak, dem weissrussischen Rundfunk und Privatsendern ausstrahlen. Weitere Frequenzen waren 2338, 2382, 2593.5, 2738, 2829, 3346, 3355, 3564, 4264, 4541, 4795.5, 4855, 5134, 5256 kHz, wobei es Sommer- und Winterfrequenzen gibt. Diese sind in der TBL uebrigens detailliert gelistet (Willi Passmann, Germany, A-DX Sep 4 via BC-DX via DXLD) ** BOUGAINVILLE. 3850, R. Independente Meka Mui [sic], 1018 Sept 10, with fair to good signal and a song "the islands I love", all in pidgin with frequent clearing of the throat by the announcer (David Norrie, Auckland NZ, AOR 7030, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** BRAZIL. 1180 é agora Rádio Viva Rio, parceria entre a Globo, dona da fq, e a ong [sic] Viva Rio. Programação tipo radio comunitária, música jovem e informação --- http://www.radiovivario.com.br/ (Rocco Cotroneo, Brazil, Sept 9, radioescutas via DXLD) That`s a high power outlet, tho not that easy in NAm due to QRM (gh, DXLD) ** BURMA [non]. Re: ``DVOBurma in Burmese cancelled txion via RAN 100 kW / 325 deg: 1430-1530 on 9500 / 15620. (R BUL Observer, Ivo Ivanov and Angel Datzinov, BC-DX Sep 6)`` UNIDENTIFIED station with music: 1430-1445 on 12090 (54444) 1445-1500 on 15600 (55444) [ex-15620, see above] (R. Bulgaria Observer, Ivo Ivanov and Angel Datzinov, BC-DX Sep 10) According to Adrian Sainsbury of R. NZ International the Democratic Voice of Burma transmissions were cancelled 4 weeks ago due to poor propagation (Erik Køie, Denmark, OZ3YI, BC-DX Sep 10 via DXLD) DVB - Democratic Voice of Burma used Rangitaiki station, New Zealand, on 9500 kHz till mid August, daily 1430[1418-]-1530 UT, \\ Tashkent, Uzbekistan, on 5910 (x5945, and 5905 in B-02 season), and Madagascar 17495 (Wolfgang Büschel, Germany, Sept 10, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** CAMBODIA. Radio Broadcasting in Cambodia: http://www.dxing.info/articles/cambodia.dx (DXing.info via DXLD) ** CANADA. This week on Quirks & Quarks our feature item is: "The Answer to Green Energy is Blowing in the Wind". Who has seen the wind? Well, anyone looking at our energy future, apparently. Wind energy has gone from a green fad in the 70's to the world's fastest growing alternate energy source. The technology is solid, reliable, renewable and benign. So why is wind energy still waiting for its big break? Tune in this Saturday and find out where the wind power answers are blowing. Plus - putting a new face on wasps. All this and more, on Quirks & Quarks, Saturday right after the noon news on Radio One. Bob McDonald Host (Q&Q mailinglist via DXLD) ** CHINA. New transmitter sites in China The ITU list of shortwave transmitter sites at http://www.itu.int/ITU-R/terrestrial/broadcast/hf/refdata/reftables/index.html (go to Transmitter sites) has had some interesting additions in recent months. Of special interest are three new registrations for China as follows: DOF Dongfang 18N54 108E39 GEM Geermu 36N24 094E59 XIY Xingyang 34N49 113E23 These three were added on 25th June 2002. Dongfang is the already wellknown site in the western part of Hainan Island. So far these transmitters, as it appears, have only been used as jammers, usually with nonstop Chinese classical music. During the testing period last fall the evening signal strength at my location was often S9 + 40 db, apparently on a beam intended for NW China. Ge'ermu is better known as Golmud. It is an important town in central Qinghai at the intersection of a N-S and a E-W highway. An educated guess is that 4800 and 3985 (day frequencies unknown) originate from this site. At least it is clear that these two frequencies are used from a site in the far west. Xingyang is a small town some distance west of Zhengzhou in Henan province. What they are beaming from this site remains to be seen when the B02 HFCC schedule becomes available (Olle Alm, September 11, DX LISTENING DIGEST) 684 800 kW: Dongfang on the island in the South Chinese Sea is also home of one of the strongest CRI Mediumwave stations for external service, in use for Vietnam and SE Asia target on 684 kHz, 14-15. Also in use for RFI Paris in French 13-14 towards Vietnam. MW V of Russia 603 kHz and RFI 684 kHz both DongFang site. (B-99) French via Donfang Hainandao Isl to S Vietnam MW 684 800 kW, 180 degrees, 1300-1400. And DW technical table had an entry of Donfang 684 kHz relay for DW, with 800 kW and 180 degrees of course. But relay exchange between China and Germany never realized. I guess the 800 kW unit is Made by France (Thomson CSF / Thales) ? Alan Davies heard this station first around 13 May 1999 (Wolfgang Bueschel, Germany, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Viz.: 603, V. of Russia Vietnamese 1200-1300 UT. Also in use for RFI Paris in French 13-14 towards Vietnam. CRI 1400-1700 Vietnamese. CRI Beijing in Vietnamese recently noted on MW 684 at 1400-1700, first heard around 13 May. Presumably the new transmitter in [Dongfang coast on] Hainan finally on air. Weak signal here compared to powerhouse 1296 in Yunnan; impossible to determine whether this channel carries RFI earlier in evening as per schedule due to QRM from Thai stations (Alan Davies, Thailand, May 22, 1999 via Bueschel, DXLD) ** CHINA. CREATING "GREAT WALL AROUND ITS INTERNET" - BEIJING IT ANALYST | Text of report by staff reporter in Beijing entitled: "Google replacements spin web of confusion" by Hong Kong newspaper South China Morning Post (Business Post supplement) on 10 September Adding confusion to frustration, the Google.com Internet search engine blocked in China last week has been replaced by randomly generated Chinese search engines and other Web sites. Analysts think the government replaced Google to encourage use of Chinese search engines or defuse anger that Google no longer works. Internet users on the mainland who enter http://www.google.com or a derivative such as www1 see Chinese-language search engines such as Tianwang and Baidu. A spokeswoman for one Web site, Beijing-based IT consulting firm Guigu Dongli, said she did not know how her page became linked to Google and guessed it was randomly generated. A Baidu spokeswoman said her US- registered search engine did not approve the hook-up, was not given a reason and does no business with Google. The government regularly blocks Web sites that cover anti-government information, and an article in the Beijing Morning Post last week said foreign search engines had been blocked to keep out "unhealthy" sites, including pornography. Yesterday, a Google user in Beijing who spent part of her morning looking at the pages she was directed to from Google said she did not know what to think. Internet experts in Beijing are also unsure. Some suspect a hasty government decision and say the action violates internationally accepted Internet rules of Web site sovereignty. Beijing-based IT analyst Craig Watts said the Google blockade marked the start of more thorough Internet restrictions. He said China was positioning to be the first country to approve "its own rules on the Internet". "This is the beginning of the great wall around China's Internet," he said. Source: South China Morning Post (Business Post supplement), Hong Kong, in English 10 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) ** COLOMBIA. 4799.69 (tentative). HJNF Radio Súper, Cali, (harmonic 4 x 1200), 0857, Sep 9, Spanish talk, ads, 0859 ID "Súper... 1200 kilohertz..." 0900 more ads and announcements. Poor signal. There is also a Radio Super 'K' listed from Sangolquí, Ecuador in WRTH 2002. But this matches Malm's June 2002 log which is more likely (Mark Mohrmann, Coventry VT, NRD 535D V-Beam 140m @180 deg., harmonics yahoogroup via DXLD) ** COLOMBIA. Christer Brunstrom's Christian Shortwave Report is about La Voz de Tu Conciencia. Over the years, a number of missionaries have been captured by Colombian rebels and imprisoned for long periods of time. American missionary Russell Martin Stendhal was one of those who were kidnapped. According to an article by noted Swedish DXer Henrik Klemetz, Stendhal was in captivity for 2 1/2 years. Stendhal had been associated with the Wickliffe Bible Translators, which decided to leave Colombia after two of its missionaries were killed. However, members of the Stendhal family decided to stay to work with the Cogi Indians in the Sierra Nevada region of northern Colombia. Russell now uses the former Wickliffe compound in Loma Linda in southeast Colombia. He plans to start schools, day nurseries, and a home for the aged. He plans to do this despite the heavy guerrilla and paramilitary activity in the area. Stendhal's new radio station is also in Loma Linda. Björn Malm first heard this station on June 6th on 6064.5 with Christian messages and llanera music. IDs were quite hard to find, and the proper name was not found until DXer Rafael Rodríguez did some investigating. It had been a station called "El Caraván," and had some ads for a Christian bookstore in Bogotá. Rodríguez visited the bookstore and found out about Stendhal running the station. Henrik Klemetz was able to contact Stendhal by e-mail and got more information. The station's transmitter had formerly been used by the Colmundo network in Bogotá. In late July, they changed frequency to 6060.2 to avoid interference from WYFR. They also changed to their present name of "La Voz de Tu Conciencia," or "The Voice of Your Conscience." 6060 is also being used by stations in Argentina and Brazil, so it is not ideal. 6060 can be heard best in Europe after 0400, when RAI from Italy leaves the frequency. Programming consists mostly of Christian music in Spanish, llanera music, Bible study lessons, and short Christian messages. The station is fully automated, with the voice tracks being recorded in studios in Bogotá. Stendhal and a partner also run a ministry that distributes Christian teaching on cassette tapes. They also supply free Christian literature that can be requested through the Colombia Para Cristo boosktore in Bogotá. Stendhal mentions that he plans to include some English programming on the station; North American listeners have been asked to suggest suitable times for these English broadcasts. He also plans to have QSL cards ready soon (Christer Brunstrom, HCJB DXPL Sept 7, notes by Marie Lamb for Cumbre DX, via DXLD) ** COSTA RICA. RFPI Fiesta Update. Hi Glenn, Well, here's our plan. RFPI will not break with tradition and will have a Fiesta on the Air this year, albeit a modified version. Our plan is to begin at 0000 UT [Tue] September 17 (8 p.m. Eastern, [Mon] 16 September) for three hours. But because of our current financial crisis, we are not able to offer a toll-free number as in past years. Listeners who wish to call direct to speak with the staff and volunteers in the studio may call +11 506-249-1344. Phone lines will be open 0000-0300. Those wishing to contribute financially may send a check to our Oregon office: RFPI, PO Box 1094, Eugene, OR 97440. If they have a Visa or MasterCard their contribution will reach us much faster if they go to the RFPI website and access the PayPal system there. We look forward to sharing with our listeners a celebration of 15 years of providing a unique broadcasting service -- with hopes for many more. Yours in Peace, Joe Bernard -- Radio For Peace International, P.O. Box 88-6150, Santa Ana, Costa Rica Central America PH: +506/249-1821 Fax: +506/249-1095 e-mail: info@rfpi.org * WWW: http://www.rfpi.org * ON-DEMAND REAL AUDIO: http://www.rfpi.org/webcast.html * LIVE STREAMING IN MP3 at http://www.rfpi.org available 2200-1400 UT M-F, 24 hours Saturday/Sunday _______________________________________________ * Join our mailing list for weekly program previews, schedule and frequency updates and more: http://www.boinklabs.com/mailman/listinfo/rfpi-announce (Joe Bernard, RFPI, Sept 10, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** CUBA. 2540.0, Radio Reloj (harmonic 2 x 1270) Camagüey, 0824, Sep 6, talk, time pips and "RR" ID. Very weak. 3550.0, Radio Rebelde (harmonic 5 x 710), 0942, Sep 9, Very weak // 5025. 4970.0, Radio Rebelde (harmonic 7 x 710), 0951, Sep 9, Poor signal // 5025 (Mark Mohrmann, Coventry VT, NRD 535D, V-Beam 140m @180 degrees, harmonics yahoogroup via DXLD) ** CUBA. Radio Reloj, Cuba, 0650-0700 UT Septiembre 8; SIO : 344; Idioma : Castellano; Modo: USB; Frecuencia : 9665 Khz. Lectura de noticias de corte local. Al fondo se escuchaba un tic-tac permanente. Identificación con hora local (de Cuba). ICOM IC-r71a, Antena : Hilo de Cu. 10 mts. 73's (Alfredo ``SPACEMASTER`` Cañote, Lima, Perú, Conexión Digital via DXLD) ** CUBA. Cuban jammer on 9805 and odd 11847.00 kHz - against R Martí USA - was heard loud and clear around 0600-0900 UT Sept 8; it's a 24 hrs operation I guess. Radio Martí in Spanish scheduled 11845 at 1300- 1700 UT time span only (Wolfgang Bueschel, Germany, BC-DX via DXLD) ** CUBA. CUBA TO INAUGURATE ANTITERRORISM WEB SITE | Text of report by Cuban news agency Prensa Latina Havana, 10 September: Cuba will inaugurate on Friday [13 September] in the capital an Internet site against terrorism, with an online forum sponsored by journalists, academics and local communicators. According to a report released here today, the sponsors of the new web page are members of the Work Group Against Terrorism and the site can be accessed at the address http://www.antiterroristas.cu Ricardo Alarcon, president of the Cuban parliament, will attend the opening ceremony and reply to questions from those who link up to the site in order to debate the topic: "Cuba versus terrorism: Five Cuban prisoners in the United States". Computers will be set up for the forum in order to allow journalists to take part in the online forum and ask Alarcon questions, the text adds. Fernando González, René González, Gerardo Hernández, Ramón Labanino and Antonio Guerrero were tried in 2001 by a Florida federal court which accused them of an making attempt on the national security of the United States. Havana maintains, however, that these people were only gathering information on the terrorist acts which antiCuban groups based in Miami were planning against the island. Late last year, the Cuban parliament declared these Cubans, who are considered political prisoners here, Heroes of the Republic. A text issued at the time by the legislature states that these young people "are victims of an infamous and colossal injustice which signifies the beginning... [ellipsis as published] of a new, crueller and shameless stage in the long and dirty war which the United States wages against the people and its revolution". Cuba has always said the open and frank truth: We have never made an attempt on the national security of the United States, the declaration stresses, while recalling, on the other hand, the policy of systematic aggression deployed by Washington against Havana for more than 40 years. A web site was recently created in the local press in this country in order to disseminate the truth about the judicial process followed in Miami, described by local authorities as rigged and politicized. The digital version of the newspaper Victoria, from the Isle of Youth south of the capital, inaugurated an Internet site which joins the international campaign for the liberation of Gerardo, Ramón, Antonio, René and Fernando. With more than 300 digital pages, the supplement contains all the information on the truth of this trial, the biography, testimonies, family information, photos, arguments and messages sent from jail. It is possible to access the site via the electronic address http://www.victoria.islagrande.cu which also includes the content of televised informational roundtables, as well as the opinions of respected lawyers and other experts. There are currently 40 committees of solidarity for the release of the five Cuban patriots in 30 countries, including the United States, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Chile, Venezuela and Colombia, as well as Italy, Belgium, Denmark and Yugoslavia. Source: Prensa Latina news agency, Havana, in Spanish 2038 gmt 10 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) ** CYPRUS. Re Ydun Ritz` report: that means, IBB/VoA's Radio Sawa is using the reserve mast of Radio Monte Carlo Middle East site ? on 981 kHz (Wolfgang Bueschel, Germany, BC-DX via DXLD) ** DENMARK. The strike among journalists at Danmarks Radio DR seems to be ended. DR and the journalists on strike early this morning have made an agreement, which has to be confirmed by a majority of journalists in a ballot. If agreed, the journalists will resume work on Monday September 16th after three weeks of strike. DR in the News (11/9-2002 Mediumwave News by Ydun Ritz, via DXLD) ** FINLAND. GERMANS LAUNCH A CAMPAIGN TO SAVE RADIO FINLAND German DX club ADDX has begun to collect petitions against the closure of the German service of Radio Finland (YLE). Club members are appealing to YLE's leadership, the Finnish Embassy in Germany and the Finnish Tourist Board. ADDX (der Assoziation deutschsprachiger Kurzwellenhörer) members are worried that from the end of October daily news in German will no longer be available from any source, and also that the decision of YLE to close down its foreign service will set an example and have wider implications in the international broadcasting scene. ADDX provides an online form http://www.addx.de/aktion.php to collect signatures to reverse YLE's decision. A source at YLE tells DXing.info that activity from listeners' part only serves to assure YLE's leadership that the decision to drop German was right, if it is perceived that only DXers are interested in maintaining the German-language service. To be viewed as a mainstream service in the eyes of YLE leadership, and to guarantee funding, Radio Finland has been careful to distance itself from radio hobbyists also in the past (DXing.info, Sept 11 via DXLD) ** FRANCE. RFI French service began (0000 UT Tuesday) 48 hours of special programming as part of media rush to pointlessly rehash one- year anniversary (Mike Cooper, Sep 10, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** GERMANY. 6085, Ismaning Open Door Day, Sat Sept 21, 2002. Informationen zur Sendeanlage BR Ismaning u.a. KW 6085 finden sich unter http://www.br-online.de/br-intern/technik/ismaning.html http://www.br-online.de/br-intern/technik/kw.html http://www.asamnet.de/~bienerhj/6085.html bzw. /0801.html (Dr. Hansjoerg Biener-D, ntt Sep 2 via BC-DX via DXLD) ** HUNGARY [non]. "Clandestine to Hungaria" to come? Right-wing Hungarian journalists claim that they will operate a shortwave station called "Voice of Freedom" from Austria. Former ROI director Paul Lendvai says that it will be hardly possible to carry out such a plan, other Hungarian journalists consider the announcement as a mere bluff: Rechte Journalisten wollen Radiosender in Österreich gründen Ansuchen an Österreich um "politisches Asyl" geplant Eine Gruppe von rechten ungarischen Journalisten will nach eigener Aussage von Österreich aus einen ungarischen Kurzwellensender mit dem Namen "Stimme der Freiheit" starten. Dies gab Istvan Lovas, einer der führenden Persönlichkeiten der Gruppe, am Freitagabend in Budapest bekannt, berichtet die ungarische Internetzeitung "Index". Seiner Meinung nach hätten in Ungarn jene Journalisten, die mit der Politik der sozialliberalen Regierung unter Peter Medgyessy nicht sympathisierten, keine Möglichkeit mehr, in den elektronischen Medien ihre Meinung kundzutun. "Bluff" Die Gruppe will außerdem am 14. September in St. Margarethen (Burgenland), nahe der ungarischen Grenze, symbolisch um "politisches Asyl" in Österreich ansuchen. Das Vorhaben eines ungarischen Radiosenders aus Österreich werde jedoch kaum umzusetzen sein, sagte Paul Lendvai, ehemaliger Intendant von "Radio Österreich International" (ROI), in der Montagsausgabe der Tageszeitung "Nepszabadsag". Die Neutralität Österreichs würde es gar nicht erlauben, sich von seinem Gebiet aus in die inneren Angelegenheiten eines anderen Landes einzumischen, erklärte Lendvai gegenüber der Zeitung. Außerdem sei ROI derzeit ohnehin in einer schwierigen finanziellen Lage. Von ROI hieß es am Montag übrigens, dass bisher kein derartiges Ansuchen an den Sender eingereicht worden ist. Ungarische Journalisten meinten, dass es sich lediglich um einen "Bluff" der rechtsgerichteten Journalistengruppe handle, um auf sich aufmerksam zu machen, und nicht um ein ernsthaftes Projekt. Istvan Lovas war bis vor Kurzem Leiter der Fernsehsendung "Presseclub" gewesen, der jeden Freitag vom ungarischen Privatsender ATV ausgestrahlt wird. Die Teilnehmer des Clubs - allesamt bekannte rechtsgerichtete Journalisten - wurden in großen Teilen der ungarischen Presse regelmäßig wegen ihrer antisemitischen Töne und ihrer aggressiven Haltung gegen linke und liberale Strömungen kritisiert. Lovas wurde durch die Führung von ATV nach internen Konflikten Ende August abgesetzt. Die Leitung des "Presseclubs" wurde vor Kurzem dem gemäßigten konservativen Publizisten Jozsef Debreczeni, ehemals Berater der konservativen Regierung von Viktor Orban, übertragen (APA via Michael Fuhr via Ludwig) Comment by KL: Who said that this group intends to use ORF transmitters? Probably the announcement is indeed just a bluff, but it is also possible that these gentleman know about the shortwave airtime available at every corner (Kai Ludwig, Germany, Sept 10, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** INDIA. Friends, The tests by AIR Bangalore with 500 kw for National Service on 9425 and 11645 concluded yesterday. Regular transmissions of the National Channel on 9425 at 1350-0043 will commence in the near future. However, regular daytime service on 11645 or on any other 11 MHz frequency will start only later (Jose Jacob, VU2JOS, India, Sept 10, dx_india via DXLD) ** INDONESIA. BROADCASTERS CRITICAL OF DRAFT MEDIA LAW | Text of report by Singapore newspaper The Straits Times web site on 7 September Jakarta: Indonesian broadcasters are outraged by a draft law that proposes to limit the broadcasting of foreign programmes and allows for the establishment of a new censorship board empowered to shut down local media outlets. The government, fearful of the influence of foreign news reporting on Indonesia, is considering a law to forbid dozens of local TV and radio stations from re-broadcasting foreign news programmes by the BBC, Voice of America (VOA) and Radio Australia. The broadcasters slammed the proposed law as draconian, and compared it to the strict press laws introduced by former president Sukarno in the 1960s. But Mr Djoko Susilo, a member of the drafting team, explained that the proposed law was meant to address "the inequality of information flow from developed countries to developing countries". He added: "We are concerned that with 150 local stations broadcasting foreign news services that these stations are becoming franchises of the BBC or VOA." The draft law proposes a ban on direct relaying of foreign news programmes, and recommends that foreign entertainment programmes be limited to 40 per cent of all content broadcast. Foreign sports programmes would, however, be exempted. The proposed law is also aimed at tackling biased reporting of Indonesia and the promotion of Western viewpoints, Mr Djoko said. "Why are the Western news agencies always talking about Islamic militants? The parliament thinks that if people have a lot of BBC, people will think Indonesia is a centre for terrorism," he added. Local broadcasters are lobbying the government to re-draft the law, saying it limits Indonesians' access to quality international news and current affairs programmes. Indosiar news director Nurhadi Purwosaputro asked: "Why in the era of globalization do we have to limit the knowledge and opinions of ordinary Indonesians?" Both the BBC and Radio Australia also countered that local stations were not dominated by foreign broadcasters as the local stations could pick and choose content, as well as the amount of airtime they devote to foreign news services. Radio Australia head Jean Gabriel Manguy argued that the company's broadcasts were tailored to an Indonesian audience and avoided delivering international news that focused on the northern hemisphere. "We don't try and impose a global news agenda, the focus is on the Asia Pacific region. We also cover issues which are of interest to a Muslim audience, such as the Middle East," he said. One of the most worrying aspect of the proposed bill, say broadcasters and critics, is the establishment of a broadcasting authority with inspectors who have the power to investigate any media outlet and temporarily shut down broadcasters if they violate the bill. "This is like turning the clock back to 1942 when the Japanese military were the occupying authority and they assigned civil servants to every newsroom," says Mr Leo Batubara from the Community Press and Broadcasting Society. The team who drafted the law argues that outlets would only be shut down in cases of extreme violations of the broadcasting laws. But even Mr Djoko admits that a violation under the broadcasting law is unclear. For instance the law forbids the broadcasting of pornography and sadism but has not defined what constitutes pornography and what levels of violence would be considered sadistic. Broadcasters are also up in arms about a proposal which demands that national broadcasters become regional broadcasters, forming partnerships with local companies and broadcasting separately to each region. "Television stations are a capital investment. We can't become regional broadcasters overnight. It will be too expensive," says Mr Nurhadi. Source: The Straits Times web site, Singapore, in English 7 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) ** INTERNATIONAL VACUUM [and non]. Radio Caroline noted at 0840 on Worldspace today with live announcements and a proper breakfast station - and two Caroline presenters talking. Mention also about the forthcoming encryption. The Waffler is going to dip into the free to air transmissions but drop out when they charge unfortunately. With DAB I have access to Planet Rock and Arrow. Caroline may not be as professional at time but its variety of announcers bring both bad and exceptionally good radio to the airwaves. I expect some people will be annoyed that the lady has not come back on am (medium wave) where everyone can hear her! Emails and faxes have come in from Los Angles and South Africa. Tony Christian doing mid morning show - not sure who did the breakfast show but OK! Not sure either who Tony Christian is either! Long Live Caroline and let`s hope she will be able to be free to air somewhere eventually. It also sounds like the station is on the Ross Revenge from the few comments I have heard on air. They are still "testing" though according to the breakfast presenter. Thanks to the note below I now know that it was Nigel Harris on breakfast. I look forward to catching Johnnie Lewis this afternoon. Interested in radio? try http://wirelesswaffle.0catch.com (Keith Knight, BDXC-UK Sept 10 via DXLD) Re: ``And what he doesn't say is "we start charging you for the dubious privilege of listening to a station which always used to be free and proclaimed the liberty of the listener" Oh how Mammon triumphs!`` This sounds very lyrical, Mark, but it is a rather rose-tinted view of Caroline's history. Caroline is still available free on Astra and the internet and has now increased its hours of transmission. Unlike the other major UK offshore broadcasters Caroline had it roots, mainly through Ronan O'Rahilly, in the late 60s counter culture. However it has always had to be financed which has created tensions throughout the stations history. Among other avenues finance has come through: Plug records both in the days of Caroline North/Caroline South and when the Ross Revenge Caroline was in its prime and had a decent sized audience, remember, for example the endless adverts for the Dubliners and Irish country acts which sounded so out of place on Caroline South after the MOA. Religious programmes on Viewpoint 963 which the presenters objected to due to the anti homosexual views expressed by some of the preachers. Endless promotions for the Canadian lottery. So Mammon has always played a part in Caroline's history because it has to exist in the real world but, through the majority of their programmes, they have promoted their original ideals and relied through the majority of their lifetime on practical and financial support from their supporters including the staff working without financial payment. But as I have posted before someone has to pay for the Worldspace transmissions and, in my view, it is not a huge amount of money. The audience at the moment will not attract advertising, if it ever does they can think about running unencrypted. They also wish to work outside the rest of the UK Radio Industry which is now controlled by a small number of conglomerates who own The Arrow and Planet Rock which have been quoted as alternatives for example. They would have been unable to retain their all important independence within the present UK licencing system (Mike Barraclough, BDXC-UK via DXLD) Caroline is in parallel now on all of its four outlets: WorldSpace, Satellite, Internet and not forgetting good old medium wave - 1593.2 kHz via Ireland in the evenings - this is not a bad signal - best on USB to null out any interference from other stations on 1593. I much prefer to listen on real AM radio - Caroline just doesn't sound right on satellite or Worldspace! The web site http://www.radiocaroline.co.uk gives satellite details as Astra 1G 11.992 H, symbol 27500, FEC ¾ (Dave Kenny, BDXC-UK via DXLD) ** IRAN. New schedule for Voice of Islamic Republic of Iran on 15084v: 2230-0527 Farsi ||||| DELETED 0530-0827 Bosnian/Italian/German 0830-1157 Farsi ||||| DELETED 1200-1257 Italian 1300-1627 Farsi ||||| DELETED 1630-2227 Farsi/German/French/Farsi/Albanian/Bosnian (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 9, via DXLD) ** IRAN [non]. 17510, V. of Iran, Aug 30 *1529-1541 33332 Farsi, 1529 s/on with Opening music. ID at 1532. Talk. (Kouji Hashimoto, Japan Premium via Gaku Iwata, Cumbre DX) Had been *1630 on 17525 (Johnson, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** IRAQ. Baghdad on 11786.83 kHz before close-down at 0800 UT Sept 8 (Wolfgang Bueschel, Germany, BC-DX via DXLD) ** ISRAEL. Some changes for Kol Israel effective from July 28 (not July 21): 0415-0430 French 9435 15640, ex 0500-0515 15640 17545 1000-1015 French 15640 17545, ex 1000-1030 15640 17545 1000-1025 Yiddish 15655, ex 1700-1725 9435 15640 1015-1030 English 15640 17545, ex 1030-1035 15640 17545 1025-1040 Ladino 15655, ex 1645-1700 15640 1530-1545 French 11605 15640 17545, ex 1530-1555 11605 15640 17545 1545-1555 Spanish 11605 15640 17545, ex 1635-1645 15640 1625-1635 Moghrabi 15640 CANCELLED 1630-1645 English 15615 17545 NEW TXION 1700-1715 Spanish 15615 17545 NEW TXION 1700-1725 Russian 9435 15650 NEW TXION Frequency change for Kol Israel Reshet Bet in Hebrew effective from Sept. 1: 1800-0500 NF 9345, ex 15760 (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 9, via DXLD) ** JAPAN. According to an E-mail from Mr. Nobuya Katou, a member of the Japan Shortwave Club, Radio Japan will have a special program for the Japan Shortwave Club 50th Anniversary on September 14-16. The 12 minutes program in "Hello from Tokyo" He has just made at Radio Japan studio on Sep. 10. Hosts: Mr. Akira Satou (program director) and Ms. Hisako Tomisawa (announcer). Guest: Mr. Toshimichi Ootake of JSWC. The JSWC will provide special QSL card to Reception Reports. Send them to: Japan Shortwave Club, Minato P. O. Box 138, Yokohama 231-8691, JAPAN. Required 1 IRC or 1$ (Dario Monferini, Cumbre DX via DXLD) See previous item for full sked; and slightly different address (gh) ** KURDISTAN [non]. SITE? The TDP website list a Mezopotamian Radio & TV from 1700-1800 T/W/F on 12115 in Kurdish. (This is the same time frequency that Netsanet Radio was on Wed and seems to confirm that the latter is indeed off.) (Hans Johnson, Sept 11, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** KUWAIT. Hi Glenn, I use to read your DXLD, but this is the first time I contribute with some news. The reason is that I got an e-mail confirmation from Radio Sawa which I have not seen before in any DX bulletin (of course I haven't read all) but anyway. I heard Radio Sawa on 1548 kHz beginning of August and I sent an e-mail report to comments@radiosawa.com because I could not find a mailing address. After some e-mail exchange with R Sawa I finally got this e-mail last week: "Dear Lennart, Many thanks for your e-mail dated 11th August 2002. We should like to confirm your reception of our station on 1548 kHz Kuwait as outlined below. Date: 11th of August 2002 at 00:42 to 01:10 UTC. Language of transmission: Arabic We hope this will be sufficient as proof that you heard our station. Best regards, Radio Sawa" Hope this news is something for DXLD. 73 de (Lennart Weirell, Sweden, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** LAOS. Radio Broadcasting in Laos: http://www.dxing.info/articles/laos.dx (DXing.info via DXLD) ** LIBERIA. R Veritas: I haven't had any luck in reaching them by phone, but my money is on them using one/two of Star Radio's SW transmitters. Veritas' had old Collins transmitters that were beyond repair and in my past conversations with them; they weren't having any luck finding support (Hans Johnson, WY, Sept 6, Cumbre DX via DXLD) [Later:] While Steve Kenneh is no longer with the station, I was able to speak with the station's engineer, Francis. Although they came back on the air on August 18th, they are off for the moment, due to failure of modules in the transmitter. The unit is a new Omnitronics 10 kW run into a dipole. The station is in contact with Omnitronics for spares. Finances were always a problem for them and he didn't want to say where the money came from. Their old Collins transmitter remains off due to lack of spares. Once they return, their schedule on shortwave is: 0600-1700 6090 kHz, 1700-2300 5470 (Hans Johnson, WY, Sep 11, Cumbre DX via DXLD) 6090 was an old ELBC frequency! (gh, DXLD) ** LIBYA. V. of Africa, 15435, Aug 30 0330. Decent reception (SINPO 45344); good signal strength, good propagation; major problem was a very annoying hum on the frequency. I caught about ten minutes of a discussion of the principles of the Revolutionary Committee, by alternating male and female announcers, then a switch just after the bottom of the hour to another language, presumably Arabic. Can anyone support me with a postal address or email address for reception reports? I gather that there's a Tripoli and Malta address, but I'm unsure which one is best/quickest, or if an email report gets better results. Thanks in advance! (David Hochfelder, Sony ICF-2010 with stock whip antenna, New Brunswick, NJ, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** MACEDONIA. New schedule for Radio Macedonia External Service via new MW transmitter 1200 kW on 810: 1800-1830 Bulgarian ex 1800-1820 1830-1900 Greek ex 1820-1840 1900-1930 Albanian ex 1840-1900 1930-2000 Serbian || NEW SERVICE All transmissions are on air Monday to Saturday (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 9, via DXLD) ** MYANMAR. Radio Broadcasting in Myanmar: http://www.dxing.info/articles/myanmar.dx (DXing.info via DXLD) ** NEPAL. 6100, R. Nepal finally heard // 5005 at 1237 Sept 6 with music. Most days just open carrier that is R. Malaysia with *1300 on 6100 (Hans Johnson, WY, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** NEW ZEALAND. R. New Zealand is holding an Open Day at its Henderson AM transmitting station in Auckland on Sunday, 22 Sept at 1000-1600 local time. There are currently 10 AM transmitters there feeding into two vertical towers, one of which has 6 transmitters using it --- quite a technical achievement. As well there is quite a lot of vintage radio equipment there including old transmitters that will be on display. The transmitting site is about 10 km from Auckland City alongside the North-western Motorway and is easily found as the transmitting towers are clearly visible from a wide area. Leave the motorway at the Lincoln Road exit (NWDXC, Sep 8 via BC-DX via DXLD) ** NIGERIA [non]. The TDP website give the schedule of Jakada Radio International as 0600-0630 M-F on 15695 and 1900-1930 M-F 12125, but other sources report this one as off. Can anyone hear them? (Hans Johnson, Sept 11, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** PAPUA NEW GUINEA. 9675, NBC, 0656-0702 Sept 1. Excellent levels, overcoming CNR Beijing 1 cochannel. PNG pop music (string bands) into bird call at ToH/ID and then news in English by male. Election news, Congress and United Party. Indonesian police have drawn up plans against the Papua independence movement. More news (Don Nelson, OR, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** PARAGUAY. Radio Nacional Paraguay, 9737.16, yet starting drifting up a little, heard 11 September at 0045-0130 UT with sport live football play Deportivo Libertad - Cerro Porteño for Copa Sudamericana. Final result 1 to 0. Very good signal here in Italy (Dario Monferini, Italy, RX= JRC 525 20 mt wire, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** PERU. 4856.14, Radio La Hora, 1001 Sep 9, Andean vocal carrier drifting downwards slightly. 1006 canned ID. Very good signal (Mark Mohrmann, VT, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** PERU. 5500, 0106-0130 Sept 10, R. San Miguel Pallaques. Some very nice Peruvian music heard with S5 signal level. Male announcer at 0109 with station ID as Radio San Miguel. Some short program announcement and jingles at 0112 during tune. Ranchera type music. Fair copy with some static crashes heard and appears to be improving at 0116. Interesting catch as have not logged this one before (Bob Montgomery, Levittown PA, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** RUSSIA. 4795, Buryat Radio first time this season at 1241 Sept 6, // 5940 with R. Rossii. 4795 was in USB +carrier nothing in LSB (Hans Johnson, WY, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** RUSSIA [non]. Re VOR in English to S America [no change]: 1900- 2100: 15735 is via Yerevan site (Wolfgang Bueschel, BC-DX via DXLD) ** RUSSIA. LFBC good this morning (Tuesday) Hi, This Tuesday morning was good again for LWBC from Russia. Two frequencies were heard, 180 and 279. 1122 UT, 180 was first noted; at 1142 levels were fair to medium. At 1155, 279 was at medium to good level, with 180 now at "almost armchair copy" level. (153 noted at very poor level briefly at this time too.) Five time pips on the 1200 hour noted, then into presumed-news. At 1200 279 now poor level. At 1214 180 was at medium level, slowing degrading; 279 at fair level. At 1225 they had reversed, with 279 better at weak level; 180 at weak level. At 1242 180 was gone, 279 at poor to very poor level. I didn't listen after that. No Alaskans were heard this morning. I found a Reprint from the AMBCB DX club IRCA, titled "Russian Far East Stations". I don't know how old it is, but it references the "Leningrad DX Club list" for the info on frequency and location. It agrees quite closely with the info I posted (corrected) several days ago. Here's that info from this Reprint list, for possible interest: Frequency/Location/Station 153 Komsomolsk-na-Amure--- Khabarovsk Radio, Khabarovsk 180 Petropavlovsk--- Kamchat Radio, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy 189 Belogorsk--- Amur Radio, Blagoveshchensk 234 Magadan--- Magadan Radio, Magadan 243 Vladivostok--- Vladivostok Radio, Vladivostok 261 Kruchina--- Chita Radio, Chita 279 Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk Sakhalin Radio, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk (Steve Ratzlaff, E. Palo Alto, CA, Sept 10, ndb list via Phil Atchley, swl via DXLD) ** SOLOMON ISLANDS. BBC TEAM RETURNS FROM TWO-WEEK PROJECT IN SOLOMON ISLANDS | Text of report by Solomon Islands Broadcasting Corporation text web site on 10 September Solomon Islands will be shown to millions of people in the world in December when the BBC Television three-man team returns home. The team including Producer Alex Leger left Honiara today for Britain after a two-weeks tour of the islands filming people as they go about their daily lives. Mr Leger says Solomon Islands will be featured prominently in several programmes over a number of BBC Television channels to millions of viewers both in Britain and Europe and possibly the United States of America. But Mr Leger adds that while Solomon Islands should take advantage of the free advertising of the country by BBC TV, those [who] engage in criminal activities must stop. He says many people overseas, especially tourists, are likely to be attracted after seeing the programmes to visit Solomon Islands but they cannot come if fighting among certain groups continues. Leger says Solomon Islands is a lovely country which has big prospect as a wealthy nation with a lot of resources but it cannot be prosperous without peace and law and order. Leger adds that Honiara City must be kept clean and tidy than it is now. He says overseas visitors don't want to go to places where rubbish is all over the place. Source: Solomon Islands Broadcasting Corporation text web site, Honiara, in English 10 Sep (via BBCM vi DXLD) ** SOMALIA [non]. SITE? The TDP website is now listing Radio Hargeisa as a programmer. Nothing on their schedule page indicating if this is a relay and when it airs if so (Hans Johnson, Sept 11, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** SRI LANKA. 4902, SLBC, still no ID, but I am getting audio here 6 out of 7 days. Seems funny, changes in this transmitter and/or antenna. Been listening for this one for years, it is even hard from Hawaii, so very surprised to be hearing it so much now. Also tentative 4870 about 4 days a week (Hans Johnson, WY, Sep, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** SWEDEN. RADIO SWEDEN -- Coming up on Radio Sweden: Thursday: In "GreenScan" an assessment of the Earth Summit Friday: Our weekly review Saturday: Our monthly current affairs magazine "Sweden Today" Sunday: Coverage of the Swedish elections Please be with us on Sunday for our coverage of the Swedish elections. Our regular broadcasts before 1730 UT will be looking back at the campaign and the party positions. The 1730 broadcast, which ends just as the polls close, will include an update on turn-out and other political news. Note that our local broadcast on 89.6 MHz FM at 21:30 local time is being replaced with other programming on September 15. We expect to have election results for you at 23:30 local time instead. International and Internet broadcasts are unaffected, and we expect to have extra RealAudio updates, as well as ongoing coverage on our website at http://radiosweden.org We will also have an extra shortwave broadcast to Europe on election day at 1930 UT on 5840 kHz. Our satellite channel on Hot Bird and Sirius will be relaying election coverage in Swedish between 1800 and 2130 UT (George Wood, SCDX/MediaScan Sept 11 via DXLD) ** TURKEY. Just in is programme schedule for second half of 2002 from V. of Turkey. Last Week, Review of the Foreign Media, Letterbox, Turkish Album, DX Corner, Outlook, Hues and Colours of Anatolia, Turkey, a Haven for Tourists, Notes from Turkey, Balkan Turks are some of the programmes. They have also introduced some new features for this term. Some of them are: The Bosphorus Steamboat, Pre-historic addresses in Turkey, Modern Turkish Literature, and Instruments in Turkish Music (Christopher J. Williams, Sept World DX Club Contact via DXLD) No further details ** U K [non]. New special transmission for BBC in Farsi on Friday only: 1100-1300 on 17845 Dhabayya 500 kW / 045 deg and 21515 Rampisham 500 kW / 095 degrees (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 9, via DXLD) ** U S A. 2430.0, (very tentative), WGY, Schenectady, NY (harmonic 3 x 810) Sporadic weak talk "similar" to 810 WGY (Mark Mohrmann, Coventry VT, NRD 535D V-Beam 140m @180 deg., harmonics yahoogroup via DXLD) ** U S A. SEPT. 10, 2002 TOWN HALL MEETING AT VOA HQ Six members of the Broadcasting Board of Governors took part in a Town Hall meeting at VOA headquarters on Tuesday, answering questions from the audience and a panel of journalists from VOA, RFE/RL and RFA. The first question was to the new Board chairman, Ken Tomlinson, who was asked about reports of a ``strategic plan`` that would result in VOA being split up into regional services similar to Radio Sawa. ``VOA will not be left behind,`` Tomlinson said. ``We will do everything possible to make VOA part of the future,`` he continued, adding that VOA would be taking part in a number of ``joint ventures`` with RFE/RL and RFA in a way that will allow ``VOA to retain its traditional role.`` Board member Ted Kaufman was asked if VOA was part of the State Department`s ``public diplomacy`` project and gave the following answer: ``The State Department should do what they do and we should do what we do. We`ve got to think of ourselves as separate from public diplomacy. We`re (members of the Board) going to fight to the death to protect you journalists so you can do what you do. We`re going to fight to keep you free to do what you do.`` Chairman Tomlinson was asked if there would be RIFs in 2003 or other major changes in VOA`s structure and replied: ``I don`t know. I hope not.`` He added, however, ``We have to be able to move people around, to be flexible.`` Asked about a report that 12 staffers in News Now might be RIFed, Board member Norm Pattiz said, ``We don`t know anything about it,`` and compared that report to one that five overseas News Division bureaus would be closed. There was much discussion about plans to combine VOA Farsi and RFE/RL Persian into a new 24-hour radio service to Iran. Board member Pattiz confirmed this was in the works and that the new service would have a music format similar to Radio Sawa to attract young listeners. ``Music is a toll to attract the audience,`` Pattiz said. ``A music-driven format will deliver a large percentage of the target audience. We have an obligation to deliver our message to the largest possible target audience.`` Pattiz said that a greater proportion of news is being introduced into Sawa programming, but acknowledged that ``as we add more policy programming, the (focus group) interviewees indicate they listen less.`` Gov. Pattiz was asked about reports that Radio Sawa`s news output was considered U.S. propaganda by some listeners in the Middle East and replied, ``We don`t do propaganda in international broadcasting. Without credibility, we may as well pack it up and go home.`` Asked why Sawa doesn`t use VOA`s News Division news product, he said, this could be done by Sawa or the new Farsi service if the News Division product was in the proper format. Chairman Tomlinson was asked about the possibility of political interference in the VOA News Division news product. He denied this was a factor, saying the News Division should produce ``splendid news, straight, straight, straight.`` (via DXLD) ** U S A. BUSH`S NEXT WEAPONS AGAINST AXIS: POP STARS President Bush`s latest weapons in the war against terror are going to be Britney Spears, `N Sync, and the Backstreet Boys. Two American funded radio stations aimed at the population of ``Axis of Evil`` power Iran are planning to ditch their all-news format and switch to playing popular music. Changes to Voice of America`s Farsi service and Radio Free Europe/ Radio Liberty`s Persian service, which together cost American taxpayers $5.4 million annually excluding the costs of transition, are being championed by Norman Pattiz, a Clinton-appointed member of the Broadcasting Board of Governors. He masterminded the conversion of VOA`s Arabic language service to a new, music-heavy format called Radio Sawa, which broadcasts only five to 10 minutes of news per hour. In an interview with The New York Sun, Mr. Pattiz confirmed that the new 24-hour a day Farsi service could be launched as soon as six months from now. News of the change comes amid criticism that the Iranian people are tuning out of these American-funded news services because they are not giving a strong enough voice to pro-democracy, pro-freedom Iranians. Ratings are low and some Iranians refer to the RFE/RL as ``Radio Khatemi`` because they say it promotes the line of the current Iranian president. If the changes are successful, they could help topple the regime in Tehran the way that Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty helped defeat the Soviet Union in the Cold War. That could mean more freedom for the Iranian people and a reduced terrorist threat to America and Israel. Critics, however, warn that the Iranian people might interpret the changes as a sign that America is abandoning the struggle for freedom in Iran. ``The changes in the Iranian service are a reflection of things that are happening in other places. Sawa is proving to be a tremendous success. The demographics of the region -- 70% of the population of Iran is under the age of 20 - makes it clear that the kind of approach we are using, putting on a 24-hour service that is music-driven, would have great merit in Iran just like it is working in the Middle East,`` said Mr. Pattiz, who chairs the BBG`s Middle East subcommittee and co- chairs its language review subcommittee. ``We`re in the business of fulfilling our mission. Our mission is to promote freedom and democracy through the spreading of information about America and the news to overseas countries. If we can do a much better job of attracting people to that message through American contemporary culture like music, as we are doing in the Middle East, obviously it`s something we should do,`` Mr. Pattiz, who was recently reappointed to the BBG for a second term by President Bush, said. Reaction to the changes appears to be mixed, with many insisting that some hard news content is essential, and that the Iranian population is far different than those listening to Radio Sawa. A Georgetown University professor who studies American-Iranian relations, Rob Sobhani, said the music service would only have a positive effect if it were combined with substantive public affairs programming. ``There has to be content attached to that music, there has to be some quality programming that talks about the values we stand for,`` Mr. Sobhani said. ``We can`t just play Michael Jackson and Britney Spears…what is getting the people of Iran excited is Bush saying `we support you,` not the latest Britney song…they want moral clarity from us, just as we are demanding from the rest of the world.`` Mr. Pattiz said that the new format would replace the RFE/RL Persian service. The VOA Farsi service will contribute news and information programming to the new service, and the VOA`s Farsi short-wave services will continue. Some critics of the plan to move to music cite the differences in the mindset between Arab countries and the Iranian people as a reason that the new Farsi service will not thrive like Sawa. They say, for instance, that the Iranian people are supportive of America, unlike in Arab countries, where anti-Americanism runs rampant amongst the populace. ``These rumours are terrible, the people are very worried that the American people are going to abandon them,`` said Ali Reza Nourizadeh, an Iranian journalist living in London. ``Iranians have lots of music already, what they need is good comment, interviews, a program that deals with the issues. It`s not just a radio, it represents a policy, a country,`` he said. In response, Mr. Pattiz said that news would make up a large part of the new service. ``The music is a tool to deliver the target audience so our news will be heard by a large audience and have a large impact. With Sawa we are broadcasting into a region where America and American policies are very unpopular. In Iran, it appears as though there is much less opposition to America, so less soft-pedaling is needed. Of the overall 24-hour day, probably one third will be news, informational or policy programming,`` Mr. Pattiz said. Mr. Pattiz said the board`s decision to create the new Farsi service was unanimous. ``I think the new Farsi service will be at least as successful as Sawa, maybe more, given the demographics and the pro- American feeling in Iran,`` he said. Mr. Pattiz said that early market research into Radio Sawa`s impact, which was launched March 23, 2002 and is available on FM, AM and digital audio satellite throughout the Middle East as well as the Internet and short-wave, shows it gaining tremendous popularity. ``I think what Sawa has proven is that if you put together a 21st- century modern broadcast operation…you can deliver a really large audience,`` Mr. Pattiz said. Although the research is only preliminary at this point, he said weekly research on the 15 to 30 year-old audience shows the radio is gaining in popularity. ``In the research that we were doing in Amman, in Kuwait and in the Gulf, we started asking if they listen to news, and our target audience originally said 1% listens most for news, but by August 12, that number had gone up to 18%, and the number has remained at 18% for the last two weeks. We are the number one source for news in the 15 to 30 age group in the countries that are now being surveyed. … We don`t want to make much of this because it`s a small sample, but it`s a good indication. Over 50% of our target audience looks at us as their favourite station, over 80% said they listened yesterday,`` Mr. Pattiz said. An August 20 article in the London-based Arabic newspaper Al-Hayat quotes a young Iraqi man saying that 85% of the Iraqi people tune into the station at night and that the station has become more popular than Sawt al Shabab, a radio station run by Uday, the eldest son of Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein. ``I`m thinking of having T-shirts made up saying `No. 1 in Baghdad,``` Mr. Pattiz said laughingly. Sawa is the Arab word for ``together.`` Mr. Pattiz said the name tested well in pre-launch research for the Arab service. ``The station has a slogan, ``you listen to us, we`ll listen to you.`` You can`t talk at these people, you have to talk with them, you have to engage them, you can`t go in with a sledgehammer. Their local media is bludgeoning us all the time. We have to go in and attract and audience, we have to show them what a free press in the American tradition really is,`` Mr. Pattiz said. The funding for the new Farsi service will come from redirecting already-appropriated funds. No new money will be spent, Mr. Pattiz said. People inside the VOA who are familiar with the situation say there was no consultation with employees or staff or input from service managers. ``We are treated as if the Farsi service was a failure. VOA research has shown that Farsi was one of the two most listened to radio stations in Iran,`` said one source, who did not want to be identified. ``If they do it would be a big mistake --- the Iranian people want comment, political views, and political commentators. They are very happy with this, I think they should increase comment rather than decrease it,`` said Dr. Assad Homayoun, the president of the Azadegan Foundation, an organization based in Washington dedicated to the promotion of democracy, human rights, and the establishment of a secular government in Iran. The disclosure of the Farsi service`s impending change comes on the heels of the departure of VOA director Robert Reilly. It also comes as the chairman of the House International Relations Committee, Rep. Henry Hyde, successfully steered legislation through the House that would see a massive reorganization in public diplomacy, including publicly funded foreign broadcasting. Copyright 2002 The New York Sun, One SL, LLC. All rights reserved (via Bill Westenhaver, DXLD) ** U S A [and non]. The Radio Sawa website is now listing the 981 kHz medium wave transmitter from Cyprus. Don't know if it's in full service or still testing. http://www.ibb.gov/radiosawa/radiosawa_english.html Yes, to anyone familiar with radio, it reads as 981 megawatts, 1260 megawatts, and 1548 megawatts. They mean "medium wave" by MW, but the syntax is all ahoo (Glenn Hauser, Sept. 10, DX LISTENING DIGEST) See also CYPRUS ** U S A [non]. RFE/RL NEWSLINE Special Report 11 SEPTEMBER: ONE YEAR AFTER This is a special report from RFE/RL's Regional Analysis Department http://www.regionalanalysis.org/events/briefings/2002/09/special0911_1.asp (via Fred Waterer, DXLD) ** U S A. VOICE OF AMERICA MUSEUM, PARK BECOME COMMUNITY EFFORT Associated Press Last updated 03:11 AM, EST, Monday, September 9 WEST CHESTER, Ohio (AP) -- Development of a museum and park on the site where Voice of America radio broadcasts were beamed behind the Iron Curtain during the Cold War has become a community effort in suburban West Chester Township.... http://www.indystar.com/data/wire/out/0909ap_m883fo1009.html (via Mike Cooper, DXLD) ** U S A. Hello Glenn, I don't believe this has been in DXLD. With Minnesota Public Radio's 24 hour classical music service it may not be totally necessary but I won't complain. WCAL can be heard well here in Arcadia but it does fade now and then and a beam antenna on the roof is a highly recommended for a reliable signal but there are still some fades. Between classical music on Minnesota Public Radio, WCAL, partial day on Wisconsin Public Radio I couldn't ask for a much better location to live. Then you can't forget there is also two hours daily on the Winona State University station (KQAL), except they mix it in with new age and world music and KNXR Rochester, MN, has a couple hours of classical music on Sunday evening (Dan Sampson, WI, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ---------- From the Radio/DX Information from Wisconsin website http:/www.angelfire.com/wi/dxing/index.html was this news item. MN NORTHFIELD WCAL 89.3 GOES ALL-CLASSICAL AS "CLASSICAL 89.3" along with simulcasting KMSE 88.7 Rochester (Upper Midwest Broadcasting) --- Here's more info from the WCAL website. More of What We Do Best: Introducing Classical 89.3 - Music & Ideas Dear 89.3 listener, Classical 89.3 - Music & Ideas is here. It's new, but it's the same. WCAL has been winning friends and making great radio since its first voice transmission 80 years ago. The board, staff, and longtime donors of WCAL have great respect for that remarkable legacy. This station has truly touched many lives, in many different ways, over the past eight decades. Facing forward, in this new millennium and in this new climate of multimedia, we want to build - really build - on our strengths. Who can tell us what those are? Why you, of course, and your fellow listeners! Over and over you have reported to us that our presentation of classical music makes an important difference in your life, whether you use us as background or when, occasionally, we cause you to stop in your tracks and devote yourself to listening. You tell us that it's not only the time-tested music you care about so deeply but also the sincere, funny, articulate, and knowledgeable hosts whom you hear on our airwaves: Bill, Stephen, Melissa, Steve, Karl and, soon, another bright voice - Stephanie Wendt - to be added to our announcing staff. It's this special brand of classical music radio that has allowed us to grow, in every sense of the word. It's this delightful, emotion- stirring, colorful music legacy that has allowed us to build our reputation beyond the "Twin Cities' best-kept secret" and take our place among the wide circle of outstanding Minneapolis/St. Paul art organizations that flourish here. It's why we are now moving a few things around and adding a short list of additional music-lover's programs. And it's this particular talent for bringing you centuries of the world's best music that has led us to change our name to reflect what we do: Classical 89.3 - Music & Ideas The name may be new, but our emphasis remains the same: marvelous companionship and music that embellish your day. Please don't hesitate to give us your reaction. And please keep listening, contributing, writing, and spreading the word about Classical 89.3. (via Dan Sampson, Prime Time Shortwave, http://www.triwest.net/~dsampson/shortwave/ DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A [and non]. Here`s the page about Pacifica`s 9/11 special and a list of stations carrying it, including RFPI: http://www.pacifica.org/info/releases/specialprog_sept11.html (Glenn Hauser, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A. TRYING TO HIT THE RIGHT NOTE, ALL DAY LONG By Paul Farhi, Washington Post Staff Writer Monday, September 9, 2002; Page C01 For TV and radio news stations, the first anniversary of the Sept. 11 attacks will be a nonstop blur of memorial events, emotional reminiscences and related news stories. Their challenge: Cover the occasion without bludgeoning it. Everyone else in radio and TV -- those normally devoted to playing cartoons, comedy shows or Kenny G songs -- faces a different challenge: Ignore the anniversary without seeming callous or mindlessly irrelevant.... http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A54915-2002Sep8?language=printer (Washington Post Sept 9 via Mike Cooper, DXLD) ** U S A. TELEVISIONARY: Decades after the fact, the world is just tuning in to the work of TV inventor Philo T. Farnsworth By Don Aucoin, Globe Staff, 9/7/2002 On this day 75 years ago, television as we know it was born in a laboratory outside San Francisco, the brainchild of a 21-year-old genius named Philo T. Farnsworth. For much of the 20th century - a century shaped, and in some ways defined, by his invention - Farnsworth would largely be forgotten. By 1957 his identity was so obscure that he stumped panelists when he appeared as a mystery guest on the CBS game show ''I've Got a Secret.'' (Struggling for a clue as to who he was, one panelist asked ''Dr. X'' if his invention caused pain. Farnsworth answered dryly, ''Yes. Sometimes, it's most painful.'') But of late, American culture has seemed eager to make up for its neglect. No fewer than four books about Farnsworth have been published in the past year, including ''The Last Lone Inventor'' (HarperCollins) by Brookline author Evan I. Schwartz. A Smithsonian Institution exhibit on the information age includes several of Farnsworth's picture tubes, and in 1999 he earned a place on Time magazine's list of the 100 most influential people of the century. ''It's a long time coming,'' Elma ''Pem'' Farnsworth, the inventor's 94-year-old widow, says in an interview from her home in Fort Wayne, Ind. Pem Farnsworth was among a handful of people present when her husband, whom she called Phil, succeeded in transmitting the first electronic television image (a simple line that they saw move) on Sept. 7, 1927. She would later become the first woman to appear on her husband's invention. ''Even before Phil got his first transmitter, he told us what television would do for the world,'' she says, her voice strong and clear. ''Everything that he said would happen, happened.'' On the July day in 1969 when the technology he created made it possible to see Neil Armstrong walk on the moon, Farnsworth turned to his wife and said, ''This has made it all worthwhile.'' He died two years later. Visionary though he was, Farnsworth could not have foreseen the lengths that RCA president David Sarnoff would go to in order to be seen as the father of television. Schwartz says Sarnoff wanted to extend the monopoly RCA enjoyed in radio to the new technology, and he was not about to let some unknown upstart control the patents to that technology. ''He started making his own myth. ... He maintained the position that everything good was invented at RCA,'' says Schwartz. ''So when the next big thing is coming down the pike - television - Sarnoff at all costs had to have it.'' In what Schwartz calls a bid to copy Farnsworth's idea, Sarnoff sent his top engineer, Vladimir Zworykin, to Farnsworth's lab. Then Sarnoff himself paid a visit. Still unable to match Farnsworth's work in RCA's labs and unwilling to pay him royalties, Sarnoff tied Farnsworth up in a court battle that hamstrung the inventor for many years. ''Sarnoff was a good businessman, but his ethics were not on Phil's level,'' Pem Farnsworth says. Her 66-year-old son, Russell Farnsworth, of Brownfield, Maine, is blunter. ''Sarnoff was not the kind of guy you messed around with,'' he says. Even though the US Patent Office eventually determined that Farnsworth was the true inventor of electronic television, the massive RCA publicity machine ensured that Sarnoff would receive credit for bringing television to the world. That PR campaign peaked with a much- ballyhooed demonstration of a TV at the 1939 World's Fair. ''This started at the World's Fair, when Sarnoff announced that RCA was now introducing television - a series of untruths that were accepted by everybody and are still accepted, and are in the history books,'' says Russell Farnsworth. Meanwhile, Philo Farnsworth slipped from public view. Often strapped for cash, he battled alcoholism, ulcers, depression; at one point, he suffered a nervous breakdown. ''There is a sense of tragedy there,'' says Schwartz. ''In a sense, he was written out of history.'' The birth of a medium Not everyone sees Sarnoff as the villain of the piece. Donald G. Godfrey, a professor at Arizona State University and author of ''Philo T. Farnsworth: The Father of Television,'' says Sarnoff and RCA ''were doing what any big company would do in the 1930s, and what any company does today. ... It wasn't a boxing match. It was corporate competition.'' Sarnoff deserves to be remembered as ''one of the central figures in broadcast history,'' says Godfrey. He notes that Zworykin and others made significant contributions to the invention of television. ''It's important to recognize Philo, but he was not the single inventor,'' he says. But it was Farnsworth who first figured out how to scan, transmit, and receive moving images electronically. The idea came to him when he was just 14. While plowing his family's potato field in Rigby, Idaho, young Philo theorized that perhaps he could reproduce images for TV by shooting a beam of electrons against a light-sensitive screen, line by line - just like the field. A year later, he sketched a diagram for a TV system on a high school blackboard in front of his astonished teacher. Six years after that came the breakthrough. With the help of Pem and her brother, Cliff Gardner, Farnsworth pioneered the technology that would catapult television from an experiment (various forms of mechanical television, reliant on spinning discs, had been in the works for years) to a commercial medium that would transform the world. That transformation wouldn't always be for the better - and Farnsworth was prescient in recognizing that as well. His wife says he enforced a no-TV rule in their household when their children were young. ''He wanted to teach them that you had to be active yourself rather than be acted upon,'' she says. In the beginning, she notes, Farnsworth wanted the medium ''to be all cable, because otherwise it would be in the hands of the advertisers, and he didn't like that.'' Schwartz says Farnsworth ''was very idealistic about how TV should be used. He thought it was a great gift to mankind that shouldn't be abused.'' As he grew older, Farnsworth grew disheartened by what he considered the dumbing-down of the medium. A rich legacy At Schwartz's urging, the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences has invited Pem Farnsworth to Los Angeles to attend this year's broadcast of the Emmy Awards on Sept. 22. She says illness will probably prevent her from attending. Her presence would be rich in irony: The Emmys will be telecast on NBC, the network founded by Sarnoff. To Schwartz, 38, a former editor at Business Week, the saga of Philo T. Farnsworth illustrates the shift away from innovation by ''lone inventors'' such as Thomas Edison and Samuel Morse to the corporate control of technological research through well-funded labs. On that newly corporatized playing field, an idealist such as Farnsworth wasn't equipped to compete. To illustrate his point, Schwartz points to a combination TV set and radio in his Coolidge Corner office. The ''Capeheart Deluxe'' was designed and manufactured by Farnsworth. In order to make the sets, with their elaborate cabinets, Farnsworth bought a furniture company rather than devoting that money to hiring more lawyers to get his patents upheld. Though he virtually vanished from public view, Farnsworth did not stop inventing. According to Schwartz, Farnsworth spent the last two decades of his life trying to create a nuclear-fusion energy device that he named the Fusor, which he believed could be what Schwartz calls ''a safe way of generating cost-free energy.'' At the end of his life, says Schwartz, ''He believed he was on the verge of a breakthrough.'' Pem Farnsworth thinks her husband should be remembered for the full scope of his work, which included patents for the invention of the first cold cathode-ray tube, an air-traffic control system, a baby incubator, the gastroscope, and the first electronic microscope, as well as the development of the basics of radar, black light for night vision, and the infrared telescope. ''They're making a big thing about television,'' she says. ''Of course, his television invention was only a beginning. He did so much that helped industries and technologies in the whole country.'' Philo T. Farnsworth and David Sarnoff both died in 1971. The latter's place in history was secure; the former's was precarious. Pem Farnsworth has fought to change that. A decade ago, she wrote a self-published memoir of her husband's life called ''Distant Vision.'' In Schwartz's view, few lives have been more remarkable. ''You can change the world with one idea. That's what's inspiring about Farnsworth's story,'' he says. http://www.boston.com/dailyglobe2/250/living/TelevisionaryP.shtml (via Mike Cooper, DXLD) The LDS certainly haven`t forgotten, and even exploit him: http://www.kbyu.org/membership/ptfsoc/story.html (via gh, DXLD) ** U S A. FCC MAY LOOSEN MEDIA OWNERSHIP RULES By DAVID HO, The Associated Press WASHINGTON (AP) - Federal regulators will take a new look at rules limiting ownership of newspapers and television and radio stations, with an eye toward loosening restrictions. The Federal Communications Commission is scheduled to begin a rule- making process Thursday that is widely expected to produce new regulations that will make it easier for large media companies to merge. ``The clear direction of this is deregulation,'' said Blair Levin, a former FCC official and now an analyst with Legg Mason. Levin said the agency will have to address whether eased regulations may limit media diversity. ``What would people say if their cable companies, one newspaper in their town, half of the radio stations and 30 percent of the TV stations were all owned by the same company?'' he said. ``Where do the new lines get drawn?'' The FCC said in June that it would use this week's meeting to begin official reviews of two rules - one concerning the number of television and radio stations a company can own in one market, and another preventing any of the four major television networks from merging with each other. The agency will also examine two rules that were rejected by an appeals court this year and sent back to the government. Those rules involved restrictions on the national reach of companies that own multiple television stations and on companies that want to own two television stations in the same market. The FCC is already looking at a restriction that prohibits one company from owning a broadcast station and a newspaper in the same market, as well as a rule that limits radio station ownership. The agency wants to combine its work on the various rules to make the regulations more consistent and able to survive legal challenges. The FCC has said its combined study and any potential changes to the rules are expected to be completed by spring 2003. FCC Chairman Michael Powell has expressed skepticism about broad ownership limits and concerns that many of the agency's rules are based on hunches rather than facts. Powell's comments have led to speculation the rules will be relaxed or repealed, leading to a wave of media mergers. Consumer groups have warned that consolidation would lead to a handful of companies controlling all the information people receive as well as how they receive it. Some Senate Democrats, including Commerce Committee Chairman Ernest Hollings of South Carolina, have opposed easing restrictions on media ownership. They argue that there already has been too much concentration in the market for TV, radio and other services. A 1996 telecommunications law required the FCC to periodically review ownership rules in light of greater competition and other changes in the industry. On the Net: Federal Communications Commission: http://www.fcc.gov 09/10/02 16:43 EDT (via AOL Canada via Fred Waterer, and via Mike Cooper, DXLD) ** URUGUAY. I am not monitoring SW all day, every day, but haven't found some outlets to be active lately, or at least it's been a relatively long time since I don't hear them: 6010 Em. Ciudad de Montevideo 6155 Banda Oriental. Maybe country's economical crisis is limiting their possibilities. Active on 49m are: 6125 SODRE 6140 Montecarlo 1000-0300 rough listening period On 31m: 9620 SODRE, heard relatively well only during daylight, since spoiled completely by Spain during local evenings and night. No more stations to add (Horacio Nigro, Uruguay, Sep 8 --on my 29th anniversary day as DXer!!!!! :)--, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** VATICAN. Some changes for Vatican Radio effective from August 1: 0230-0430(ex 0240-0440) French/English/Swahili/Amharic/Tigrina/French on 9660; 1430-1555(ex 1450-1610) Hindi/Tamil/Malayalam/English on 12065 13765 15235 73 from (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 9, via DXLD) Would someone mind specifying the English times? (gh, DXLD) ** VATICAN [and non]. Posted on Wed, Sep. 11, 2002 Newsmakers | VATICAN RADIO SKEWERS 'MAGDALENE SISTERS' By Murray Dubin, Inquirer Staff Writer Vatican Radio lambasted The Magdalene Sisters, winner of the Venice Film Festival's top honor, and the jury members who chose it because the film "likens the Catholic Church to the Taliban." Last week, a Vatican newspaper called it "an angry and rancorous provocation." Directed by Peter Mullan, the film tells the story of an abusive convent run by nuns on behalf of the Catholic Church. The last Magdalene convent closed in 1996 in Ireland. Mullan said the film was "about all faiths, all fundamentalist faiths, that believe they have the right to oppress young women." Vatican Radio said that "awarding top honors to Magdalene was the most offensive and pathetic page written by the jury." The jury was headed by Chinese actress Gong Li and included Easy Rider cinematographer Laszlo Kovacs, Russian poet Yevgeny Yevtushenko, French writer- director Jacques Audiard, actressFrancesca Neri, producer Ulrich Felsberg and Turkish director Yesim Ustaoglu. © 2001 inquirer and wire service sources. All Rights Reserved. http://www.philly.com (via Mike Cooper, DXLD) ** VIETNAM. 4795.9, Son La, 1200 heard about 5 out of every 7 days. Sweeper a pain, but decent mod and steady transmitter (Hans Johnson, WY, Sep, Cumbre DX via DXLD) ** VIETNAM [non]. TAJIKISTAN: Radio Free Vietnam in Vietnamese via Dushanbe 200 kW / 125 deg: 1400-1430 on 15235 cancelled effective from August 12 (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 9, via DXLD) This is via KWHR now, 9930 at 1230, M-F (Hans Johnson, Cumbre DX via DXLD) UNIDENTIFIED station with music: 1430-1445 on 12090 (54444) 1445-1500 on 15600 (55444) (Ivo and Angel! Observer, Bulgaria, Sept 9, via DXLD) See BURMA [non]; wb implies it may have something to do with Democratic Voice of Burma, ex-New Zealand, being in the same time slot (gh, DXLD) +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ DRM +++ SPECIAL EDITION, IBC 2002 -- DRM TO DEBUT EQUIPMENT ON SEPTEMBER 14TH [much of the info duplicates that in 2-141, deleted] DRM Timeline: 1998: DRM Consortium Launched 1999: System Evaluation 2000: Early Field Tests Done, DRM Standard Submitted to ITU-R 2001: DRM System Description Ready, ITU-R's Approval, Mobile Reception Unveiled, ETSI Publishes Standard 2002: Lab & Field Tests, IEC Publishes DRM Specification 2003: DRM Broadcasts To Launch A GLIMPSE INTO THE DIGITAL FUTURE: DRM`S CONSUMER RECEIVER The world-band consumer receiver, developed by Coding Technologies together with the BBC and German device manufacturer AFG, is based on a modular system design made up around standard components. It is a production-ready OEM receiver sample integrated in an enclosure of a commercially available multi-band radio receiver. It will debut at DRM`s press event at the DRM Booth (Hall 8, Stand 485) on September 14th at I B C . The DRM system also uses aacPlus by Coding Technologies as the standard audio coding format. aacPlus is a combination of MPEGAAC (Advanced Audio Coding) with Coding Technologies groundbreaking SBR"! (Spectral Band Replication) bandwidth extension algorithm. DRM To Demonstrate Audio and Multimedia at IBC 2002 An impressive array of brand-new DRM equipment will showcase live transmissions from leading broadcasters during IBC 2002. DRM`s members will send international and local transmissions into the convention, highlighting the DRM system's audio and multimedia capabilities. "This year, DRM`s members will showcase more transmissions and equipment at IBC than ever before," says DRM Vice Chairman (and Radio Netherlands Wereldomroep CFO/CTO and Deputy Director General) Jan Hoek. "We invite IBC attendees to visit us and hear the remarkable clarity of DRM for themselves." At the DRM Booth Live, international, short-wave transmissions will be provided by DRM members. Transmissions will be sent by Deutsche Welle (from Sines, Portugal, 15230 kHz, 0930-1200 Sines 40 degrees HR4/4/.5, 15170 kHz 1200-1355 Sines 40 degrees HR4/4/.5), Radio Canada International/CBC (from Sackville, Canada, 9635 kHz, 0730-0859 UTC and 11775 kHz, 0900-1059 UTC), Radio Netherlands (from Bonaire, Netherlands Antilles, 15425 kHz) 0700-1000), T-Systems MediaBroadcast (from Juelich, Germany, 5975 kHz direction 290, 0900-1155 and 1305-1455 UTC) and VT Merlin Communications (with BBC World Service programming, from Rampisham, U.K., 5875 kHz 1200-1450 UTC and 7320 kHz, 1500 to 1600). Additionally, Radio Netherlands will broadcast both audio and multimedia content from its low-power transmitter in Hilversum, Netherlands, demonstrating DRM`s local broadcasting capabilities. These transmissions (25970 kHz, 0700-1600) are done in cooperation with TELEFUNKEN SenderSysteme Berlin AG, Fraunhofer IIS-A and SWR Südwestrundfunk. The transmitter will operate on a frequency in the 11 meter short-wave broadcast band. Because of the special propagation conditions on this frequency band, it can be used for local purposes. At the DRM booth, receivers with multimedia capabilities will showcase Radio Netherlands' transmissions from Hilversum. In a multi-media display featuring the Fraunhofer DRM ContentServer, visitors to the DRM booth can see their photo on a DRM receiver picking up the signal from Hilversum. The programming is broadcast using an exciter and modulator from TELEFUNKEN and an amplifier from SWR Südwestrundfunk. Fraunhofer will display its professional receiver called the FhG Software Radio. It will also present the brand-new DRM Software Radio. DRM's first production-ready, world-band consumer receiver, developed by Coding Technologies together with the BBC and AFG, will debut at IBC. Also on show will be a semi-professional, off-the-shelf AOR7030 receiver, modified by the BBC to use one of the cards from the Coding Technologies modular receiver. The BBC will showcase the latest version of its professional DRM monitoring receiver, currently being used extensively in DRM's field trials. It features support for 20kHz stereo modes and frequency diversity reception. Two Thales digital reference receivers will receive live transmissions. The widely used TSW 1002D, based on a professional portable PC, offers a 100% digital process including the RF front-end. The new TSW 1003D is based on a laptop PC connected to an existing analog RF front-end. This off-the-shelf solution prefigures Thales' Software Receiver Solution to be delivered soon. At DRM Members` Booths Nautel Ltd. will showcase one of its XL series, DRM compatible MW transmitters, at its booth in Hall 5, Stand 227. TELEFUNKEN SenderSysteme Berlin AG will showcase DRM reception of Radio Netherlands' audio/multimedia transmissions, at its booth in Hall 4, Stand 340. At its booth in Hall 8, Stand 161, Thales Broadcast & Multimedia will exhibit a complete DRM transmission chain: encoding, transmission with a Thales low-power MW transmitter, and reception with a Thales DRM test receiver. This is the first time live DRM transmissions are being conducted with a transmitter directly installed on the exhibition stand. DRM Live Demos at IBC 2002! DRM Booth, Radio Hall, (Hall 8), Stand 485 DRM Project Office, P.O. Box 360, CH-1218 Grand-Saconnex, Geneva, Switzerland projectoffice@drm.org Phone: + 49 221 389 3510 Fax: + 49 221 389 3110 http://www.drm.org INCLUDEPICTURE http://www.drmrx.org/images/animdrmindex.gif Registration Form for the DRM Software Radio Project... If you are interested in receiving further details of the DRM Software Radio Project, please visit http://www.drm.org to register your interest. We will contact you once the software is available. DRM On Display: You`ll find DRM speakers or exhibits at these upcoming events: ISCE Conference, Erfurt, Germany, September 24-26, 2002, DRM Speaker IEEE Broadcast Symposium, Washington, DC, USA, October 11, 2002, DRM Speakers Africast 2002, Abuja, Nigeria, October 2002, DRM Speaker DRM & AM Broadcasting Conference, ESPOL Campus, Ecuador, October 14-21 DRM Speakers ABU General Assembly, Tokyo, Japan, October 31, 2002, DRM Symposium WRC 2003 DRM Launches For Immediate Release: September 10, 2002. Contact: Siriol Evans, pressoffice@drm.org, +44 1481 268246, mobile +44 7781 127019 (via DXLD) ### ||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| DX LISTENING DIGEST 2-141, September 9, 2002 edited by Glenn Hauser, wghauser@hotmail.com Items from DXLD may be reproduced and re-reproduced only if full credit be maintained at all stages and we be provided exchange copies. DXLD may not be reposted in its entirety without permission. Materials taken from Arctic or originating from Olle Alm and not having a commercial copyright are exempt from all restrictions of noncommercial, noncopyrighted reusage except for full credits HTML version of this issue will be posted afterwards at http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldtd02.html For restrixions and searchable 2002 contents archive see http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldmid.html NOTE: If you are a regular reader of DXLD, and a source of DX news but have not been sending it directly to us, please consider yourself obligated to do so. Thanks, Glenn WORLD OF RADIO 1146: BROADCAST ON WWCR: Wed 0930 9475 BROADCASTS ON RFPI: Wed 0100, 0700 on 7445, 15038.7; ONDEMAND http://www.wrn.org/ondemand/worldofradio.html (DOWNLOAD) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1146.rm (STREAM) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1146.ram (SUMMARY) http://www.worldofradio.com/wor1146.html WORLD OF RADIO ON WJIE 7490: another unexpected time for WORLD OF RADIO, not necessarily repeatable, as the schedule seems to be flexible: UT Sun Sept 8 starting at 0518. But it was still last week`s 1145, not 1146. Reception at this hour is quite good, but modulation subject to some clipping. Apparently this has happened before. Again Monday Sept 9 at 1200 with last week`s (gh, DXLD) 7490 1.9 0530 WJIE Shortwave, Upton, KY hördes åter. Nu med World of Radio med Glenn Hauser. Har dessförinnan inte hörts sedan den 28.8. [Overall merit:] 2-3 (Christer Brunström, Sweden, SW Bulletin via DXLD) WORLD OF RADIO ON WBCQ. It so happens that both our WBCQ times now conflict with the rather limited usage of 7415 by VOA Botswana, per current sked: 7415 0430 0500 VOA F PORT BOT 04 010 [WOR UT Mon 0415-0445] 7415 1800 1900 VOA B ENGL BOT 01 350 7415 1900 2200 VOA B ENGL BOT 04 010 7415 2200 2230 VOA B ENGL BOT 04 010 12345 [M-F] [WOR Wed 2200-2230] MONITORING REMINDERS CALENDAR: you may find some worthwhile listening around 9/11 by consulting http://www.worldofradio.com/calendar.html ** ANGOLA. Ao que tudo indica, a vida começa a se normalizar em Angola. Nesta semana, o Presidente José Eduardo dos Santos intermediou, em Luanda, a assinatura de um tratado de paz entre a República Democrática do Congo e Uganda. Algo não imaginado a pouco tempo atrás! Enquanto isso, a Rádio Nacional foi sintonizada, em Porto Alegre(RS), em 05 de setembro, às 0240, em 4950 kHz, transmitindo um jogo de basquete entre a equipe angola e a de Porto Rico. Se o esporte está presente na programação da emissora, é mais um sinal de que Angola está retornando a normalidade. (Célio Romais, Brasil, @tividade DX Sept 8 via DXLD) ** ANGOLA [non]. Hi Glen[n], Just to let you know that Radio Ecclesia's frequency is 7205 kHz. They were on 6100 kHz, but changed frequency on 1 September. Regards (Kathy Otto, Sentech, 9 September, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Media Network story had them on 6205, as previously queried -- a typo, I guess. BBCM also then quoted the wrong frequency (gh, DXLD) ** AUSTRALIA [non]. INDONESIAN BROADCAST LAW THREATENS RADIO AUSTRALIA RELAYS Radio Australia's "Feedback" programme examined the implications of Indonesia's new Broadcasting Bill for international broadcasters. The bill, to be tabled on 29 September, "limits the replay of regular foreign programmes on local television and radio, with the exception of certain sports and some international events", reporter (?Claudette Werden) pointed out. For Radio Australia, the law would mean the cancellation of relays to 24 local affiliates in Indonesia. The chair of the committee drafting the law, Prof (?Widyatyana Murati), asked how the law would affect the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, said: "You can still have your listeners, because your radio we can catch here in Indonesia very clearly. You don't have to worry about you're going to lose your listeners, because in my opinion your broadcasting emission in Indonesia is quite clear, you don't need to use our broadcasters to relay your emission. Radio Australia head Jean-Gabriel Manguy responded: "It's a bit hard to believe. What is showing through audience surveys that we have access to is that a majority of Indonesians still get their information, their entertainment and so on through local outlets, and the majority of that programming is produced locally. Obviously there is programming coming from outside, but I don't think it can be considered as a threat, certainly." Source: Radio Australia, Melbourne, in English 0300 gmt 8 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) ** BELARUS. Hi from Trollhättan, Sweden, where the receiver was steamed up for the first time in months. 1170, Sep 7 2035, Radio Minsk had a DX-program in German at this time, Sat night. Said they had a fine special QSL-card for this. (I thought I had gone more bananas than usual when I stumbled on this program, hearing old IDs of Radio Schweden and Nordwestdeutscher Rundfunk here plus one Colombian, Caracol I think.) But frankly speaking, R. Minsk itself seemed to be a bit of a DX station as it was only S7 on the K9AY direction east, so I really doubt they are using a megawatt transmitter. Other stations on the frequency were heard better, such as Radio Capodistria and a UK one, serving "...Staffordshire and Cheshire" so most probably Big AM, Stoke-on-Trent. The latter one has 200 watts. 73 (Johan Berglund, AOR AR7030, K9AY, Sweden, hard-core-dx via DXLD) ** BOLIVIA. Algumas emissoras de ondas curtas surpreendem, de forma positiva, com sua programação. É o caso da Rádio Pio Doce, de Siglo Veinte, que emite em 5952 kHz. Foi ouvida, em Porto Alegre, em 7 de setembro, entre 1008 e 1020, com bom sinal. Se não bastasse o excelente jornalismo, voltado para a região e comunidade indígena, o programa apresentou, ainda, um correspondente, no Brasil, falando sobre o Dia da Independência. Em resumo: excelentes textos, boa locução e vinhetas, mostrando que o rádio boliviano não deixa a desejar (Célio Romais, Brasil, @tividade DX Sept 8 via DXLD) ** BRAZIL. Confirmando seu compromisso com bons programas sobre a história, a Rádio Cultura, de São Paulo (SP), também está comemorando os 80 anos de rádio no Brasil. A emissora leva ao ar, durante o mês de setembro, o programa 80 Anos de Rádio no Brasil. Vai ao ar, de segunda a sexta-feira, às 1230, 1830 e 2300. Aos sábados, é apresentado às 1050, 1550 e 2300. Nos domingos, é apresentado às 1300, 1830 e 2300. A Rádio Cultura AM, de São Paulo (SP), emite em 9615 e 17815 kHz. Confira! (Célio Romais, Brasil, @tividade DX Sept 8 via DXLD) 10 minutos?? (gh, DXLD) ** CANADA. DAWSON SAVES ITS CBC AM TRANSMITTER WebPosted Sep 6 2002 08:02 AM CDT Whitehorse, Yukon - Outraged residents of Dawson city have forced the CBC to back off plans to turn off the AM radio transmitter in the community. The Corporation announced yesterday it was rethinking its decision to pull the plug on the transmitter. The CBC has been transmitting an AM signal in Dawson since 1958. Technicians say the aging tower the transmitter is on could collapse at some point in the future. An FM transmitter has been sending out the same CBC signal in Dawson since the mid-90's. However, when residents heard the transmitter was due to be shut down Thursday, more than 500 people signed a petition opposing the move. Petition Organizer Bernie Walters says the FM signal doesn't go out far enough into the bush surrounding Dawson to help people who really need it. "For emergencies you know, when there is fire when there is flood, accidents, fuel spills, all sorts of news, the RCMP have to put out road conditions, temperatures," he says. "Then all the good programs you people have, the news, As It Happens, and the whole works it's very important that it stays for the 300 to 400 people living outside of town." CBC Regional Manager Mike Linder says the corporation is listening to residents concerns and rethinking its options. "Given what we are hearing from the public it seems there is far more use of the AM signal than we were expecting," he says. "We will therefore not make any transition until we are satisfied that Yukoners will not lose coverage and won't be left without a signal." CBC transmission manager Dave Newbury says the AM transmitter will stay on the air until a decision is made. He says one option would be for the community to apply for a licence for the AM transmitter to carry the CBC signal. Another would be to de-commission the FM transmitter and leave the AM signal on the air. Copyright © 2002 CBC All Rights Reserved (via Fred Waterer, DXLD) WTFK?? CBC makes it incredibly difficult to find out this basic information. Even reaching CBC North from the main CBC page is impossible. This has a map which only indicates FM 104.9 for CBC Radio One, Dawson: http://north.cbc.ca/north/frequency.html# Finally we find a table, tho it is aimed at travellers, not residents, and it too does not show any AM frequency for Dawson; are they really listening to one based at another town? And guess what, this list is compiled and maintained by a DXer whose name we know, Andy Reid, it apparently being too difficult for CBC itself to do this! http://www.cbc.ca/channelguide/tables/northwest.htm To the rescue, the comprehensive 2001 NRC AM Log, which shows 40 watt LPRT in Dawson, CBDD on 560, relaying CFWH 570. Why wasn`t this still on the CBC webpage?? (Glenn Hauser, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** CANADA. You can visit http://www.cbc.ca/tv50th to check out a full schedule of CBC 50th programs and events (from http://www.freep.com/entertainment/tvandradio/duf9_20020909.htm via Mike Duffy, Free Press TV Critic, Sept 9 via Mike Cooper, DXLD) ** COSTA RICA. [Rfpi-announce] SPECIAL BROADCAST: PATRIOTS FOR PEACE AND GLOBAL JUSTICE Dear Friends, RFPI is pleased to announce that we will be relaying the following special programming from Pacifica Radio. Join us at 1100 UT Wednesday until its conclusion at 0000 Thursday. If you are not able to join us for the original airing, we will rebroadcast the first 8 hours of the program including a special 3- hour edition of Democracy Now! from 0000 to 0800 UT Thursday. Frequencies: 15040 (AM) from 1100 to 0500 UT, 7445 (AM) from 0000 to 0800 and streaming live on the internet at http://www.rfpi.org during the entire broadcast. More information available at the Pacifica Radio website: http://www.pacifica.org [not yet, 9/8 -gh] =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=--=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- News Release September 5, 2002 For immediate release Contact: Verna Avery-Brown (202) 588-0999 x349 verna@pacifica.org Pacifica Radio features "Patriots for Peace and Global Justice," a day-long, national broadcast to commemorate the one year anniversary of September 11th. WASHINGTON, DC (September 5) The Pacifica Radio Network will broadcast a special, thirteen hour program on September 11, 2002, entitled "Patriots for Peace and Global Justice." The program will run from 7 AM to 8 PM (EDT), and is a collaborative venture between the five Pacifica stations and its affiliates around the country. It is available for broadcast in whole or in part by any noncommercial or community radio station. In the aftermath of last September's terrorist attacks, the image in much of the mainstream media was a nation in lockstep behind the President and supportive of a military response. But amidst the flag- waving and patriotic chanting, there existed another sort of patriotism. Around the nation, thousands of people began to question government actions, take part in peace vigils and state emphatically that their grief was not a cry for war. This broadcast will take a look at these "Patriots for Peace and Global Justice." It will start out at Pacifica's national headquarters in Washington, DC and then move to Ground Zero in New York, where it will be co- hosted by Amy Goodman, Democracy Now! and station WBAI. Throughout the rest of the day, programming from Berkeley (KPFA), Houston (KPFT) and Los Angeles (KPFA) will feature discussion of the events of 9/11 from the perspectives of Arabs, Palestinians, African Americans and family members of victims of the attacks. Scheduled guests include author Noam Chomsky, environmental activist Vandana Shiva, the Reverend Jesse Jackson, Harvard professor Cornell West, comedian/ activist Dick Gregory and former U.S. Attorney General Ramsey Clark, as well as grassroots activists around the country working for change. Also featured will be Muslim-Americans whose civil liberties have been violated in the aftermath of September 11th and women who have traveled from Ground Zero in New York to Afghanistan's "Ground Zero" site of U.S.-led bombing. Pacifica is the nation's oldest listener-supported, non-commercial radio network. Founded in 1949 in Berkeley, California, Pacifica is devoted to the exercise of free speech, creative expression and the showcase of dissenting viewpoints (via Radio For Peace International, DXLD) ** CUBA. Hello Everyone, Has any one else noticed the absence of Radio HC on 6000, 9820 and 11705 usb for the last few nights? I haven't heard of any hurricanes like the last "Michelle" that took them off the air for a number of days (Chris Campbell, location unknown, Sept 8, swl via DXLD) No Radio HC heard here in the Pacific Northwest on 9820 09/08/02 04:00 utc SIO 322 (Mike Grisham, ibid.) See also DX PROGRAM RECORDINGS below ** ECUADOR. I finally listened to HCJB`s Portuguese DX program, inconveniently scheduled at the same hour as DXPL, UT Sun 0100-0130; either 11920 or 12020 was a lot better than the other; I forget which. A lot of falaça Sept 8, but they finally got around to a DX report from Célio Romais by phone about 0124. Unfortunately it was only about two minutes and he couldn`t get much detail in (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** ETHIOPIA [non]. UNMEE Radio. Sep 06, 2002 (UN Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea/All Africa Global Media via COMTEX) -- The following is a near-verbatim transcript of the press briefing chaired in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa by UNMEE Spokeswoman, and Acting Chief of UNMEE Public Information, Gail Bindley-Taylor Sainte, via a videoconference linking Asmara and Addis Ababa. Also in attendance were Diane Bailey, Chief Radio Producer, Lt. Col Ahmad Kamal, Military Information Officer and Michael Munywoki, UNMEE Policy Advisor on HIV/AIDS. [snip -- excerpts deleted] UNMEE RADIO UNMEE Radio continues to be an important voice of the Peacekeeping Mission. Back on air for four and half months, it highlights events unfolding in the Mission area, the people behind them and other issues of interest to the general public. On September 17 and 20 UNMEE Radio is to broadcast a special programme featuring Michael Munywoki the newly appointed UNMEE Policy Advisor on HIV/AIDS and local HIV /AIDS activist Elizabeth Tefera, among others. The UNMEE Radio special is part of the momentum in activities aimed at combating the spread of HIV /AIDS in Ethiopia and Eritrea. This week in Addis Ababa, participants from 14 countries of Central and Eastern Africa are taking part in an action forum aimed at establishing a regional information network to combat the spread of HIV/AIDS. Radio UNMEE can be heard every Friday on short wave at 13735 in these languages at the following times: Amharic 10:00 - 10:15pm, Oromiffa 10:15 - 10:30pm, Tigrigna 10:30 - 10:45pm, English 10:45 - 11:00pm. Radio UNMEE can also be heard every Tuesday at 15215 short wave in these languages at the following times: Tigrigna 7:30 - 7:45am, Tigre 7:45-8:00am, Arabic 8-00 - 8:15am, English 8:15 - 8:30 am. [Presumably Ethiopia time, which is UTC plus 3] (via Kim Elliott, DC, Sept 9, DXLD) Ethiopia has a `unique` way of telling time, which is not easily convertible, per a previous item. Site reportedly Abu Dhabi (gh, DXLD) ** FINLAND. Additional tidbits about the YLE R. Finland situation: cutting English, French and German means 7 of the 35 jobs are being lost; some have already left. The decision was made by the Administrative Council, made up largely of parliamentarians. Not only will the broadcasts be terminated, but YLE`s webpages in those languages will also disappear. There are other online sources of news in English and German from Finland; not much in French, however. English will definitely be off by the end of the current broadcasting season, Oct 27, possibly a bit earlier (Juhani Niinisto, YLE R. Finland chief, interviewed by Roger Broadbent on RA Feedback Sept 8, notes by gh for DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** GERMANY. Here is the picture report from [a visit to] Lampertheim: http://kailudwig.bei.t-online.de/lam.htm By the way, just this Friday also a special shortwave broadcast from some station in Nordrhein-Westfalen was on air. It's of course all over now, just in case reports about something unidentified, speaking German on 5910 appears... This was via Jülich, 1800-2000 (Kai Ludwig, Germany, Sept 8, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** INDONESIA. 15150, V. of Indonesia, 2000 25 Aug with IS and Gamelan, IS, news etc. in English: a commentary on Malaysia and Philippines, testimonial from European people on Indonesia, program on living together, song from Ita Purnamasari. Very good signal at 44423 (Zacharias Liangas, Lygia Lefkada (Ionian islands), Greece, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** INTERNATIONAL VACUUM. RADIO CAROLINE GOES LIVE ON WORLDSPACE FROM 0500 UT 10TH SEPTEMBER 2002 Hi Glenn, I've just posted this item on the Radio Caroline fans' mailing list; you might like to report it in your programme and newsletter: ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Hi everyone. In just over twelve hours we go live on WorldSpace. The daytime for tomorrow, Tuesday 10th Sept (UK time) [UT +1]: 0600 - 0900: Nigel Harris 0900 - 1200: Tony Christian 1200 - 1400: Rob Leighton 1400 - 1800: Johnnie Lewis This may be subject to change. Evening and night time schedules remain as before. There'll be a change to the daytime schedule on Wednesday 11th Sept, as we've received a Radio Authority directive to broadcast particular type of programme from 1200 to 0300. This is in connection with last year's World Trade Centre tragedy in which so many innocent civilians were maimed and killed, which occurred at 1346 and 1406 UK time. We hope you enjoy hearing Radio Caroline 'free to air' on your portable radios - don't forget you can take them to the office or to the beach! If you haven't arranged your subscription yet, then WorldSpace can be contacted on 0207 49 48 222. Quote reference RC1964 for your Early Bird discount. Radio Caroline - continues! Rob Leighton ---------------------------------------------------------------------- OK Glenn, thanks for producing all these super bulletins - and I've just learned I can hear YOU on WorldSpace too! Hope to hear you on Saturday. Best wishes (Rob Leighton, UK, Sept 9, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** JORDAN. 15290, R. Jordan 1030 with Arabic songs, ID ``idaatu Urduniya ke hashemiya``. Good signal. Also 29.8 on 11690, 1340 with phone in competitions. Program closing with Greek song then with Spanish, French, English and another, then 1400 with news (Zacharias Liangas, Lygia Lefkada (Ionian islands), Greece, DX LISTENING DIGEST) 23-29 of August) ** KAZAKHSTAN [non]. Radio DAT 9775: Today Sept 8 I heave heard a signal on 9775, man with talks in Russian at 1506 over a Chinese signal. Is about maximum S6 with a 2 x 12 m dipole but difficult to listen to. 1529 heard a reference to internet, Dat and Kazakhstan but seems to pass 1530 with better signal than the Chinese station with clear ID at 1545 in Russian and references to Washington Post (Zacharias Liangas, Thessaloniki, Greece, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** KOREA SOUTH. RKI transmitting facilities in Kimjae, in the southern part of Korea, was severely damaged by the recent typhoon Rusa. As a result, reception conditions on the frequencies 15575 (2300~0400 UT) and 13670 (0700~1100 UT) are not sounding their best.... However they are trying to repair it. Regards, (Md. Azizul Alam Al-Amin, Rajshahi, Bangladesh, hard-core-dx via DXLD) ** MONGOLIA. CAPITAL'S FM RADIO PROGRAMMES ON INTERNET | Text of report in English by Mongolian E-mail Daily News service on 9 September An Ulaanbaatar-based FM radio station, InforRadio 105.5, and ISP Micom have combined their efforts to transmit the programmes of this radio via the Internet. News in Mongolia and music around the clock are available by visiting: http://www.inforadio.mn Source: E-mail Daily News, Ulaanbaatar, in English 9 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) But does the station actually broadcast anything in English?? Nice flash opening with lightning and landscape, but primary language seems to be Russian, not Mongolian, or English! Finally reached an audio link, but it was Not Found: (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** NEPAL. R. Nepal has a website with lots of info about the station (not including their new frequency 6100): http://www.catmando.com/radionepal/ (via Arnaldo Slaen, Conexión Digital via DXLD) ** PAPUA NEW GUINEA/INDONESIA. Here`s how to tell apart these two on 3905: they are (were) 0.0002 kHz apart! (gh, DXLD) 3904.9996 13.8 2010 RRI Merauke, px-annonsering m.m. Inget spår av R. New Ireland. 3 SA 3904.9998 4.9 1930 Radio New Ireland, Kavieng med sign-on, div annonsering och modern musik. 2 SA (Stig Adolfsson, Sweden, SW Bulletin Sept 8 via DXLD) ** PARAGUAY. Dear Mr Glenn Hauser. Greetings from Paraguay! To advise that we have improved the technical facilities of the frequencies 7300 and 7370 KHZ, both of which now transmit with a power of 800 Watts. The frequency 1610 KHZ is also on-air, using a power of 60 Watts, and feeding a tower 125 Metres tall. The frequency 7300 KHZ is beamed southwards, and the frequency 7370 KHZ is beamed northwards, from Paraguay. The theoretical Effective Radiated Power, towards the south, is approximately 250,000 Watts [sic]. The theoretical Effective Radiated Power, towards the north, is approximately 6,400 Watts. The theoretical Effective Radiated Power, on 1610 KHZ, is approximately 500 Watts. Your reception reports will be most welcome! With best regards. (Adán Mur, Technical Advisor, Radiodifusión América, Asunción, Paraguay ramerica@rieder.net.py Sept 8, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Are you still transmitting at night only on weekends? (gh, DXLD) ** POLAND/LITHUANIA. The broadcasting company Racja Sp. z o.o. (studios in Bialystok and Warsaw) is bankrupt, the legal procedure is going to start at a Warsaw court in the very next time. Some people behind Radio Racja are considering to move their operations to Lithuania and to broadcast to Belarus via the facilities of Radio Baltic Waves: Vilnius 612 kHz 100kW and Sitkunai SW 100 kW (Bernd Trutenau, Lithuania, Sept 9, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** RUSSIA. 7420, Radio Gardarika/Studio, 2110 25 Aug with Russian disco hit songs and with hi-fi type audio. At 2120 with a continuous reel of IS/ID for more than 10 minutes with `Nyeske v`lna iz perterburga` and email address studioe@metrograf.ru [or??] studio@w.metrograf.ru (I am unsure if I copied it correctly). Signal 44434 (Zacharias Liangas, Lygia Lefkada (Ionian islands), Greece, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** SYRIA [non]. 12085//12115, V. of Homeland? Heard on 23 Aug at start of their program with a reference ``Syria ke fatrah`` over an Arabic song/hymn, a recitation of Allah Wattani al sawt, then with recitations. On 25 Aug with mainly a music program and short references to Lebanon. Today 8 September there was a signal since 1445 on 12115 that stopped at 1450 and again started at 1458, with signals on both 12085 and 12115. Time difference is about 3 seconds for now with mainly music program. Signal S9 to +10 on dipole 2 x 12m (Zacharias Liangas, Lygia Lefkada (Ionian islands), Greece, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** TAIWAN. NEW RTI MAILBOX FOR LISTENERS IN SOUTH ASIA Good news for listeners in South Asia: RTI is opening a new mailbox in India! Beginning September 20, CBS listeners in South Asia can write to the following address: CBS RTI, Post Box - 4914, P.O: Safdarjung Enclave, New Delhi - 110029, India (Swopan Chakroborty, Kolkata, India, Sept 8, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A. Hi Glenn, More on the Bob Reilly resignation (perhaps we haven't heard the end of it) here: http://washingtontimes.com/upi-breaking/20020905-030618-5352r.htm 73 (Kim Elliott, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Viz.: UPI'S CAPITAL COMMENT for Sept. 6, 2002 WASHINGTON, Sept. 6 (UPI) -- Capital Comment -- Daily news notes, political rumors and important events that shape politics and public policy in Washington and the world from United Press International. Take a letter -- The recent sacking of Voice of America Director Bob Reilly by the mostly Clinton-era-holdovers who make up the federal Broadcasting Board of Governors is not being well received on Capitol Hill. Several House Republicans are already at work on a letter to the members of the BBG demanding to know why Reilly, a presidential appointee, was made to resign under pressure. The letter reportedly threatens additional cuts in funding for VOA of up to 25 percent of the total budget unless the oversight committee is given a satisfactory explanation as to why the board, most of whom were originally appointed to the BBG by the Clinton administration and whose terms have expired, thought they should interfere with Reilly's effort to carry out the administration's priorities for the agency in the war against terrorism. This issue, sources say, is not likely to go away quietly. Congressional watchdogs are said to be cross-checking the membership of the BBG against the list of donors to the Clinton and Gore presidential campaigns -- with special focus on billionaire media tycoon Norm Pattiz, who racked up a lot of bonus miles in the Air Force One frequent flyer program during the Clinton years. -0- (via Washington Times [Moony], Sept 6, via Kim Elliott, DXLD) ** USA/IRAN. VOA LAUNCHES TV BROADCAST AIMED AT IRANIAN YOUTH | Excerpt from press release by Voice of America on 6 September Washington, DC, 6 September: The Voice of America's Farsi Service will launch Next Chapter, a satellite broadcast television programme aimed at the youth of Iran, on 10 September 2002. The first Farsi-language international television broadcast to target young audiences in the country, Next Chapter will offer fresh, informative and entertaining reporting on news, current events, and life in the United States. Next Chapter bolsters VOA's existing Farsi broadcasting of six hours of daily radio programming and a weekly 90 minute news and discussion television program entitled Roundtable With You. The premiere of the new show will offer a forward-looking and global view of topics impacting the lives of Iranian youth. Parviz Sayyad, the legendary Iranian writer, actor, and director, will host the first program and launch a discussion about the potential role of Iran in the world community. The next day, as the world marks the anniversary of the 11 September terrorist attacks on the United States, a special supplement to Next Chapter will broadcast. That show will feature an interview with Shahram Hashemi, an Iranian student who was hailed as a hero after helping rescue people from the rubble of the World Trade Center collapse. The programme will end with images from a candlelight vigil hosted by students in Iran in the wake of the attacks. Future programmes will be hosted by different popular figures well- known to Iranian youth. Each week, the one-hour program will include coverage of international news, entertainment, music, sports, environmental issues, college life, and technology. The programme is written and produced by a team of young journalists of Iranian descent, and originates from VOA's world headquarters in Washington, DC. Next Chapter will air on Tuesdays at 10:30 p.m. local time in Iran [1800 gmt] , via satellite broadcast on Asiasat 2, HotBird 3 and New Sky. Creator and executive producer Ahmad Baharloo believes that the programme has the potential to reach as many as 40 million people under age 30 in Iran. "However", he added, "anybody who can think young is invited to join us"... For additional information, please contact Joe O'Connell at (202) 619-2538 or at pubaff@ibb.gov Source: Voice of America press release, Washington, in English 6 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) ** USA/MIDDLE EAST. WRITER SAYS US RADIO SAWA "'DANGEROUS PHENOMENON" | Text of report by Jordanian newspaper Al-Ra'y on 8 September Any person who tunes in to the foreign radio that broadcasts in Arabic and that calls itself Sawa will realize in half an hour that this radio is American and that it was established for purposes that are not in harmony with Arab heritage, the Arab personality, pan-Arab positions, and Arab hopes, ambitions and aspirations. This radio agrees with the interests of the United States and with the means to promote its policy and plans in the region. In its long broadcasting hours, this radio concentrates on the minds of youngsters and their culture and affiliation to their nation. It seeks to brainwash them and instil American ideas in the minds of the rising generation. This radio broadcasts light foreign and Arabic songs, in a combination that seeks to make the radio attractive. The radio also tries to make these songs replace serious culture and Arab creativity in all its kinds. A lengthy report published in The Los Angeles Times said that Radio Sawa started its transmission in March 2002, and this is a new method in the US way of treating the peoples of the Islamic world. The report also said that "it is very important and necessary to have access to Arab youth, who make up more than 60 per cent of the population, since they are targeted by Islamic fundamentalists." This is nothing but an excuse because an objective investigation into this radio and its trends shows that it does not seek to foil the targeting of youth by Islamic fundamentalists. Rather, it seeks to turn Arab culture into American culture and spread and generalize this culture in order to swallow US positions and pave the way for attachment to the United States. The Arab public climate would thus be prepared to market US interests, firmly establish its policy and win over the views that are in favour of fighting any Arab policy, which is averse to the US attachment to its interests. I have listened to several newscasts carried on this suspicious radio and found out that its line or plan is a political line or plan first and foremost, and that it contributes to promoting the US position, which supports the Zionist entity, accepting the massacres committed by the enemy against the Palestinian people, and considering Palestinian struggle as simply acts of terror. Also, the line or plan of the radio plays a role in convincing the listeners that striking Iraq is a pressing issue and subject to objective justifications! This means that the younger generation of listeners to this radio is required to remain in a state of musical attraction until they reach a stage whereby they would listen to the newscast and not reject the attitude expressed in it or even accept it. Egypt has blocked the reception of Radio Sawa, and we should do the same thing so as to preserve our Arab identity and pan-Arab affiliations. I asked a young man about his opinion of Radio Sawa. He laughed and said: It is a flower in my imagination [zahrah fi khayali]. I told him that he is repeating the name of an old song by [the late Egyptian singer] Farid al-Atrash, which is called Ya Zahrah fi Khayali. He said: I do not know this song and I do not listen to Farid al-Atrash or other singers from old times. I only listen to Radio Sawa and I find in it what meets my hobby, desire and artistic bent. This means, as I imagine, that six months of broadcasting Radio Sawa has achieved some of its purposes and that it will achieve much more as time goes by. This is a dangerous phenomenon, and we should stop it as soon as possible. Source: Al-Ra'y, Amman, in Arabic 8 Sep 02 p 21 (via BBCM via DXLD) ** U S A. Glenn, came across WBCQ v17494.83 kHz on Sept 5th, around 1420-1445 UT, when checked DVBurma program on co-channel 17495 Madagascar relay. English gospel (religious) program was in progress, SINPO 34433, and remarkable daytime signal into Europe could be noted. Well ahead of MDG, which is only a 'whisper' underneath in Western Europe. 73 wb df5sx (Wolfgang Bueschel, Germany, Sept 9, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A. WHAZUP - September 2002 EDITORIAL "TWO OUTRAGES FOR THE LISTENER" Frederick R. Vobbe, Publisher DX Audio Service Perhaps it's that I'm matured after 48 years, or perhaps I'm becoming less tolerant of people taking things away from me that I've been very comfortable with. In any case, two things have really gotten me worked up. Like many DXers, I'm listening with interest to the IBOC tests being done between WLW-700 and WOR-710. Little known are the tests between WCHB-1200 and WWJ-950 in Detroit. I really have mixed emotions on IBOC and have to ask if IBOC is right for right now. On the positive side, some, and I stress "some" digital technologies have made life better for us. Although cranky with the change in the early 90s, I have to say that I prefer desktop audio editing over reel to reel tape players and editing with a razor blade and tape. IBOC, however, does not fall into the positive area mainly due to the fact that it ruins what is already there. Unlike color TV in the late 50s and early 60s where a color signal did not degrade the black and white signal, the introduction of IBOC harms both the carrier that it is on, plus those to the side. Being curious about IBOC, when I was alerted to the unannounced tests of WCHB, I packed up my test gear and headed north. Being familiar with the area between Detroit and Toledo I was able to find a quiet location to set up and monitor transmissions. My system consisted of a 2-foot loop, Sony 2010, GE SuperRadio III, Tektronix 2710 spectrum, and a Link CSM1000 RF monitor. The first observation was made on the 1200-kilohertz carrier of WCHB. When the IBOC was turned on, (and I could tell it without the test instrumentation), there was interference at both 1212 and 1188. IBOC emits a buzz like sound on adjacent channels. The Sony 2010 was the best in bringing out the bad in IBOC. The synchronizer feature which is used to lock in weak carriers would make the buzz very predominant. Had my batteries lasted in my Sony mini-disc I would have let you hear it, but trust me, the buzz is far worse than any over-modulation you might hear. The carrier on 1188 was strong enough to cause some discomfort to WOWO-1190's signal. Using the lower sideband of the sync feature would enable the buzz to be heard clearly. Using the top sideband would produce a mix of buzz plus splatter from WCHB. In the N.R.C.`s E-mail list, and in private E-mails to people I trust as being professional in their observations, the IBOC transmissions, that is the digital information, was heard farther than the analog component. For example, when WLW was running their tests of IBOC, some DXers on the West Coast could not hear WLW's analog transmission, but the buzz was traceable and copyable. The only plus to this is that someone can have satisfaction in knowing that WLW could be heard digitally on the west coast. Yes, it is a positive, but at what cost? What about interference to stations on 690 and 710? There was severe interference to stations, and like my experiences with interference on WOWO, it is not acceptable. In my opinion, in band, on channel digital operation is not wise and should be abandoned. I'm all for advancing technology, but not at the expense of interference to analog stations that the public already uses. My personal recommendation is to take the digital platform to another band of frequencies where it can coexist without causing harm to others. As a side note on this issue, if you hear the IBOC buzz on a station, be sure to write a letter to the station`s public file, and send a copy of the letter to the F.C.C. Since the folks pushing forward IBOC are claiming there is no interference, despite evidence to the contrary, we need to protect what we have now. So much for IBOC. Yeah, I said there were two things bugging me; the second is the antics of Opie and Anthony, a pair of boobs behind a mic that outraged a lot of people. Let me read the news story of what happened. This is from Associated Press, August 22nd, and is titled "FCC to investigate alleged sex in cathedral" ""The nation's top communications regulator ordered an investigation Thursday into complaints that a pair of New York radio shock jocks allegedly broadcast a live, eyewitness account of a couple having sex in St. Patrick's Cathedral. A Virginia couple was arrested Aug. 15 after allegedly having sex in a vestibule just a few feet from worshippers in the landmark Manhattan church. The encounter was described as it happened during the "Opie and Anthony" show, WNEW-FM's popular afternoon drive-time program. Federal Communications Commission Chairman Michael Powell directed the agency's enforcement bureau to begin an investigation immediately, spokesman David Fiske said. If the FCC finds that a station violated federal indecency laws, the penalty is typically a fine ranging from $5,000 to $30,000, Fiske said. The amount can be higher depending on the case, he said. The broadcast was part of a regular feature on the program where couples can win prizes for having sex in risky places. The couple's attorney has said they were just simulating sex. FCC Commissioner Michael Copps has said he received hundreds of outraged phone calls and e-mails about the broadcast. He said the agency should consider revoking the station's license."" For those of you that want to hear the broadcast, you can go to a web site called theSmokingGun.com It has MP3 and RealAudio clips of the stunt. The direct url is http://www.thesmokinggun.com/archive/opieanthony1.html It's interesting to follow on the various lists the support or condemnation of Opie and Anthony. On one side you have many people outraged that a radio station stunt promoted people having sex in a church in order to get points to win a contest. On the other side you have people saying, "aw, it's not that bad. Stern has done worse, and besides it's freedom of speech." I think that the difference is that a sponsor, a station, and the hosts of the program promoted and then broadcast with great glee the act occurring in the church. This does not have anything to do with speech, and I think you could obviously argue that some lines had been crossed. Suppose I was popular radio host and I said to my listeners, "you get twenty points toward a contest if you defecate on someone's carpet in their home." Now, suppose you came home and discovered that your home was the target. Again, this has nothing to do with speech. It's no surprise that Opie and Anthony have huge ratings. Same applies to Howard Stern, Greaseman, and numerous others. And the sad fact is, the ratings translates to money, and a company like Infinity, while being publicly critical, is laughing all the way to the bank. Although the pair was fired, and their show cancelled, I doubt they will be off the air long. Sex and depraved acts on the radio sell, and when one businessman cancels, there is someone else right behind him to take his place in sponsorship. While more and more stations cut news and public affairs, (yet crow about how they are the leaders in community service), incidents like this are becoming more frequent. Add to that technical violations, and it's getting harder and harder to believe that anyone in broadcasting has any morals, ethics, or commitment to public service. A while back I was told by a politician that the reason government does not do anything about these broadcasters is because nobody cares. I guess that might be right as names that I know in E-mail lists that carp about events concerning radio never appear in any searches in public records. In other words, nobody was concerned enough to write the right people and complain. People only do wrong things when they have no fear of getting caught or punished. So, I guess that not only will we see more outrageous stunts, but we will also have the knowledge that we allowed them to do the stunts due to lack of action. Think about it next time you hear something which is morally, ethically, or illegal on the radio. --0-- © Frederick R. Vobbe & National Radio Club September 2002 (DX Audio Service via DXLD) ** U S A. PBS DRAWS IRE OVER 9/11 SHOW CHANNEL 13 ON THE SPOT OVER A DOCUMENTARY`S WEB SITE BY IRA STOLL The city`s largest public television station is marking September 11 with a documentary whose Web site is being lambasted by Israelis and American Jewish groups for offering an inaccurate and one-sided history of the Arab-Israeli conflict. The Web site includes a map portraying all of Israel as ``Palestine,`` a time line that blames Ariel Sharon for provoking the recent wave of violence by Palestinian Arabs, and links to Web sites of Arab American organizations that have defended groups like Hamas and Hezbollah, which the American government considers terrorist organizations.... http://nysun.com/sunarticle.asp?artID=169 (via EEJH yahoogroup via Joel Rubin, DXLD) ** U S A. A ARRL anuncia em seu Boletim Semanal, que das 4h UT do dia 11 até as 4h UT do dia 12, estará no ar K4P, que operará desde o Pentágono, lembrando o ataque terrorista ocorrido no ano passado. A Estação operará também de outros locais de Washington, Distrito Federal. As emissões serão dos 80 aos 10 metros, em SSB e CW. QSLs com SASE, para K7DID, Deanna Lutz, P. O. Box 70071, Washington, DC, 20024 (PP5RLB - Moita, radioescutas via DXLD) ** U S A. STATIONS CAREFULLY PLAN DAY'S AIR PLAY, By Brad Kava Bay Area radio station managers have been debating how to handle the anniversary of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks: Should they treat it as a day for memorial or continue with business as usual? Most have worked out a compromise and are doing some of both. For example, San José's news station KLIV-AM (1590) and country music KRTY-FM (95.3) will be running commercials but will donate that day's proceeds to the Todd M. Beamer Foundation, which helps children who suffered because of the attacks. Empire Broadcasting president Robert Kieve explained his stance in one of his ubiquitous and passionate broadcast editorials. ``I believe that outlawing commercials on that anniversary is in itself very inappropriate,'' said the former speechwriter for President Eisenhower. ``If it's our way of life that we are defending, then we must recognize that our way of life is based largely on commerce. And commercials are an expression of commerce. ``So stations that are considering themselves pure and appropriate by excluding commercials are really falling neatly into the laps of our enemies.'' Gary Schoenwetter, operations manager for rocker KSJO-FM (92.3) and classic rock KUFX-FM (98.5), said the local Clear Channel stations left it up to advertisers whether they wanted their spots to run. ``Some have decided they didn't want to advertise. Others understand that life and business go on,'' he said. Enhanced taste KSJO, which usually features Wednesday morning programming centered around whether women in cars will expose themselves, will tone down its programming on Sept. 11. Hosts Lamont Hollywood and Paul Tonelli will broadcast from New York City, interviewing firefighters, rescue workers and survivors of the attacks. Neither of his stations will air contests or promotions on Wednesday, said Schoenwetter. KUFX's Greg Kihn will do his morning show and then headlines San Jose's official memorial event at Plaza de Cesar Chavez at 5 p.m. He'll be joined by city officials and Santana lead singer Tony Lindsay, who will sing the national anthem. Kihn's free concert will include his reworking of the David Bowie song, ``Heroes.'' The Bay Area's most-listened to stations, talk stations, KGO-AM (810) and KSFO-AM (560), have special events planned. KGO will have an ``All-Star Broadcast,'' featuring its top talk hosts in a two-hour live discussion at 11 a.m. Pete Wilson, Ronn Owens, Gene Burns, Bernie Ward and Ray Taliafero will talk about the state of the world pre- and post-Sept. 11, while Ed Baxter moderates. Fans can attend the discussion at the Yerba Buena Center for the Arts on Howard Street. There is no admission charge, and the show will be broadcast without commercials. KSFO will sponsor the unfurling of the world's largest American flag at the Alameda Naval Air Station, from noon to 1 p.m. It takes 1,000 people to hold up the 255-by-505-foot flag. Those who wish to participate are asked to arrive before 10:30 a.m. to get instructions. The flag, which is rarely displayed, floats like a giant sail and is supposed to be a spectacular sight. Patriotism with dissent KQED-FM (88.5) has been doing a weeklong series exploring post-Sept. 11 America, along with public radio stations across the country. It finishes the series at 11 p.m. with a show called ``A Need to Belong: Citizenship in a Post 9/11 America,'' which will explore patriotism and the place of both loyalty and dissent in a changed world. Listeners will visit a military town and its evangelical Christian church, hear the post-Sept. 11 ordeal of an Iraqi family, hear the plight of three immigrant Filipino baggage handlers and follow the impact of their story back to family and friends in the Philippines. _________________________________________________________________ © 2001 mercurynews and wire service sources Sept 9. All Rights Reserved. http://www.bayarea.com (via Mike Cooper, DXLD) Hey, Brad, ``patriotism with dissent``??? How about KPFA and Pacifica`s coverage??? You forgot to mention that; see COSTA RICA in this issue (gh, DXLD) ** U S A. If anyone cares what will be happening in Miami, see this, mostly about Clear Channel and WLRN/NPR: LOCAL STATIONS REMEMBERING SEPT. 11 ON THE RADIO The full article will be available on the Web for a limited time: http://www.miami.com/mld/miamiherald/4036732.htm (via Bill Westenhaver, DXLD) ** U S A. PILING ON THE 9/11 PROGRAMMING IS AN ODD WAY TO PAY RESPECT Monday, September 9, 2002 Photo By JOHN LEVESQUE, SEATTLE POST-INTELLIGENCER TELEVISION CRITIC It seems every network, every cable channel, every UHF station broadcasting from somebody's basement will spend all of Wednesday reflecting on the Sept. 11 anniversary. But it's simply not true. There's plenty of counterprogramming on the schedule. The WB will be showing the movie "My Dog Skip." UPN will rebroadcast the series premiere of "Enterprise." The Travel Channel has the top 10 tourist attractions in Australia. How could anyone suggest we're being inundated with excessive and unnecessary attempts at closure? And how could my editors let me use the word "closure"? OK, the fact that ESPN plans another presentation of a documentary on the rebuilding of the New York Fire Department's football club is a bit much. But as CBS president Leslie Moonves said in July: "It is far better to err on the side of giving too much coverage than not paying enough respect to what happened. This probably is the most significant event since Pearl Harbor in our lifetimes, and to not give it the appropriate respect, I think, would be a mistake." Darn tootin', Les. Big anniversaries deserve big coverage because, well, because people will think we're small, sanctimonious SOBs if we try to achieve closure with an inadequate fastener. It's like having a too-small Zip-Loc bag when putting away leftovers from the Labor Day barbecue. But are "coverage" and "respect" the same thing, Les? For instance, if I send a bigger bouquet to the funeral home, am I according the deceased more respect than the person who sends a smaller one? Or am I merely calling attention to myself by making such a splash? Wouldn't it be more respectful -- and less redundant -- if all the network news divisions and cable news channels took a fraction of the money they're spending on 9/11 anniversary coverage and used it to feed the hungry? True, it's been a lousy year for media companies, this one included. But what better way to show respect for human life than to work to eliminate one of the conditions that create disenfranchised, disgruntled desperados in the first place? Besides, how much real news will emerge from this week's coverage? Among the many offerings in prime time on Wednesday, NBC will air the concert for America taking place tonight at the Kennedy Center, ABC will feature a Barbara Walters special on grief counseling and CBS is rerunning the documentary "9/11" by Jules and Gedeon Naudet. All may be eminently worth watching. Indeed, the Naudet film, which originally aired March 10, is splendid. Yet even if we have the ability to tape one or two shows while watching another, the utter silliness of cramming all this stuff into one or two days for fear of being deemed disrespectful is so apparent you'd think a network executive somewhere along the way would have had the guts to say, "Stop the stupidity!" And it's not just the broadcast networks. Cable's Discovery Networks, which include Discovery Channel, TLC, Travel Channel, Discovery Health and Discovery Civilization, will have special "Faces of 9.11" programming throughout the day Wednesday and all the Discovery channels -- even Animal Planet -- will be commercial free. Talk about your big bouquets . . . Fox also is forgoing commercials in its two-hour prime-time window, which will be filled by programming from Fox News Channel. The Scripps family of cable networks, including HGTV and Food Network, will go dark for two hours Wednesday morning. In place of programming the channels will run "a series of images, words and music intended to inspire quiet reflection." Granted, most of the media companies have New York headquarters and big operations in the nation's capital. A dignified show of sympathy is not only understandable, it's appropriate. What doesn't make sense is the way the broadcast networks assume Americans want to watch upwards of 16 hours of programming related to 9/11 in one day. ABC, CBS and NBC will all air expanded versions of their morning shows, then offer special coverage in the afternoon and evening. Even if we are interested, the decision to lump it all together speaks volumes about the networks' real motivation here. For if they want to be noticed for something other than their bouquets, wouldn't you expect them to respect their viewers as much as they purport to respect the victims of the Sept. 11 attacks? If they truly have hours and hours of quality programming that can soothe, inspire and illuminate, wouldn't it be sensible, even laudable, to spread it out over weeks and months so more people have opportunities to see it? (And is it really sensitive to air it all in one day anyway?) Editors always go overboard on the anniversaries of big events because, like Les Moonves, they're afraid not to. They're afraid that if they limit their coverage to one or two thoughtful, reflective stories they'll be accused of lacking intellectual depth or breadth or girth. They forget that an anniversary is an artificial reminder, and that if something is important enough to remember, there are 364 other days on which to encourage reflection and show respect. ___________________________________ John Levesque is the P-I's television critic. (via Mike Cooper, DXLD) ** U S A. WHY I WON'T WATCH THESE 9/11 SHOWS -- By LINDA STASI September 9, 2002 -- I am sitting here with videos, press kits and information for 60 - count 'em 60 - shows about Sept. 11. And that's just for this week. I didn't bother to count the ones that began last week, nor the ones which will be on into next week. And guess what? I won't watch any of them. Not one. I know, I know, I'm the TV critic and all that. But I can't, and I won't. I lived through Sept. 11 - I don't need to see the whole nightmare treated like some disaster movie by every media outlet on earth. I realize that we in the media are caught in a quandary. Don't do anything and we're unpatriotic. Do something and we're exploiting horror for our own ends. But I make my choice simply not to participate. It makes me feel like an interloper on tragedy. A carpetbagger with a remote control. And I'll bet I'm not alone. I don't think we need reminders. It's not your mother's birthday and if you forget you'll get in trouble. There's no way any of us will ever forget. We don't need to be hit over the head with it in some morbid attempt to keep us occupied. I don't want to watch the live memorials and I don't want to watch the concerts. I saw it happen. I worked it and I lived it. So did you. If you choose to watch, however, the choices of tragic entertainment are limitless. There's a show, "Frontline's Faith and Doubt at Ground Zero," about how regular people and clergy question the role of God in our lives after the disaster to an "Investigative Reports" on the final 102 minutes of the World Trade Center. "Report From Ground Zero" is about the first responders to the attack. "America Rebuilds" is the story of the recovery efforts of engineers, contractors, and fire and police officials at Ground Zero. There are stories about animals who were there and people who might have been but weren't. There's a "60 Minutes" interview with the President who recounts what happened to him that day. There's one about the Canadian families who took in stranded Americans who were grounded. You name it, it's a show. Even "American Idol" winner Kelly Clarkson will sing. Stop! I can't take it anymore. Was there a concert for Hiroshima? A rock out for Nagasaki? A Pearl Harbor interpretive dance number? Band-Aid for Bhopal? Why does everything have to turn into something to keep us busy every second? Can't we each just reflect quietly about what we've gone through? I don't need a show to remind me. The show in my head will never leave me. That's enough for now. And maybe forever. Copyright 2001 NYP Holdings, Inc. All rights reserved. (via Mike Cooper, DXLD) ** U S A [and non]. Monday, September 9, 2002 The Halifax Herald Limited The Canadian Press American film director Michael Moore responds to questions during a news conference at the Banff Television Festival in June. Moore's latest work, Bowling for Columbine, is backed by Halifax's Salter Street Productions, and was shown to a North American audience for the first time Saturday at the Toronto International Film Festival. The film will open the Atlantic Film Festival on Friday. [caption] [we thought it was shown previously to a North American audience at the Telluride film festival in August ---- gh] DON'T TRY THAT AT HOME, MIKE DIRECTOR WALKED INTO TORONTO HOMES TO PROVE POINT ABOUT GUN ATTITUDES By Angela Pacienza / The Canadian Press Toronto - When America's leading rabble-rouser, Michael Moore, was filming a documentary about gun culture in the United States, he had a hard time believing Canadians don't lock their doors. So one night last spring, armed with a camera crew, he set out to test the urban myth in downtown Toronto, only to find 70 per cent of the doors open. "I thought, 'I cannot show this to an American public. They'll think you're all crazy up here that you don't lock your doors,'" he said at a news conference at the Toronto International Film Festival. Moore's latest film, Bowling for Columbine, was shown to a North American audience for the first time Saturday. Clad in his traditional uniform of saggy jeans and a baseball cap, the filmmaker admitted that despite his fearless demeanour, he was apprehensive about testing the theory. "I was afraid. The concept of just opening up somebody's door. First of all it's illegal ... so I waited until the last minute," said the director of films including Roger and Me, The Big One and Canadian Bacon. "Those people had no notice I was coming. I randomly ran up and opened those doors and hoped that I wasn't going to get shot 'cuz I'm thinking in an American frame of mind." Bowling for Columbine, which won a Cannes jury prize in May, is a scathing look at gun culture in the United States. After an opening sequence which sees Moore open an account at a Michigan bank in order to receive the free gift of a gun, the filmmaker crosses the United States and parts of Ontario in search of an answer for America's obsession with guns. He asks why Americans are more likely to kill one another with guns when seven million registered weapons are inside Canada's 10 million homes. "That's a boatload of guns. You have to be willing to accept that you are different, culturally, socially, and ethically," he said after a reporter suggested Moore might have simplified gun statistics of the two countries. "Don't leave my movie as Canadians saying the reason is because you don't have Uzis and handguns ... even with a rifle and shotgun in the house when you get into an argument with a boyfriend, girlfriend, husband, wife, neighbour, or a co-worker, for some reason, you don't reach for the gun and I think that's a legitimate question to ask. "Why do you get to have all these guns lying around and you don't kill each other and we do? That's not right. You're no better than us." The title of the film, bankrolled by Halifax's Salter Street Productions, is a play on the whereabouts of the two young gunmen in Colorado's 1999 Columbine high school shooting - the pair went bowling before they opened fire at school, killing 13 people and then themselves. On a deeper level, the film explores America's psyche. "Guns and Columbine are just my entry point into the much larger discussion that I wish would take place. I'm much more concerned about the fact that we've just gone nuts as opposed to whether we've got too many gun nuts in America," said the author of the current best-seller Stupid White Men. Moore ventures outside the Columbine tragedy, looking at the Oklahoma City bombing (during a visit to James Nichols, a one-time buddy of Timothy McVeigh), U.S. government policy overseas, the shooting death of a six-year-old girl by a six-year-old boy in his home town of Flint, Mich., and the sensitive topic of Sept. 11. He also challenges Charlton Heston, the president of the National Rifle Association, about the high number of gun-related deaths in the U.S. After saying that America's gun problem might be due to its multicultural makeup, the star of The Ten Commandments walks away from Moore during an interview at his Beverly Hills mansion. "I was surprised when Charlton Heston made that comment in the film," Moore said. "I didn't ask him about race even though race is a big part of the film. "To be honest when I heard him say it I felt bad for him. I felt he was having his Jimmy the Greek moment." Moore said he regrets not having challenged Heston's remarks. "I was too shocked," said Moore, who once purchased a lifetime membership to the NRA in the hopes of beating Heston at the organization's presidential elections. And despite Heston's recent announcement that he has Alzheimer-like symptoms, Moore said he had no qualms about the clip in his film. "You can see in the film he's quite lucid. He's able to hold his own and says what he wants to say." The movie opens Oct. 11. But Moore said American audiences might have a difficult time viewing the film because the country's largest theatre chain told him they won't carry it. That's likely because the film will be "a bitter pill for some Americans to swallow," Moore said. "It's always hard to take a look at yourself and question what's been going on. If we were able to get rid of all the guns in America and have strong gun control laws, we would still have the central problem of being afraid of the other." Copyright © 2002 The Halifax Herald Limited (via Mike Cooper, DXLD) ** U S A. Took a brief trip to visit friends in Boca Raton Friday morning (Sept. 6), returning late eve Sunday, the 8th. No time was dedicated to FM pirate scans, or much other radio for that matter. Since I wasn't doing the driving while a guest of my friends, I didn't have control of the car radios. So, just a few thin items below. Never had a chance to tune to pirate KQV on 1610 in the evenings. No trace of him on my mid-morning arrival. 530, SW Florida Int'l Airport KNNI706, Ft. Myers; noted in passing with usual man and woman loop on parking, baggage restrictions, etc. while on I-75 in the vicinity. 1510, DOT WPUR527, Peace River Bridge, Charlotte County; dedicated loop for northbound I-75 traffic, generic calls used here and on 1640. See 1640 entry for more. 1640, DOT WPUR527, Peace River Bridge, Charlotte County; dedicated loop for southbound I-75 traffic, generic calls used here and on 1510 (northbound dedicated info frequency). Long loop with man & woman regarding bridge reconstruction, delays, make sure your gas isn't empty and tires aren't flat, etc. A series of transmitters are in the median (I think I counted at least five for each direction). Lots of blue/white and bulb signs alerting to tune to the respective channels. Apparently they added 1640 and split the traffic direction info recently, as previous reports were for 1510 only. 1640, DOT Florida Turnpike, Broward/Palm Beach Counties; too numerous to even try to pin down. Noted brief peaks while on the Sawgrass Expressway northbound entrance from I-75 (the Turnpike-proper being just east of the Sawgrass), also another brief spike around the Atlantic Blvd. exit on the Sawgrass. Huge one at the Sawgrass junction with the Turnpike in north Broward, also a big one at the West Palm Beach service plaza. All the same message, with traffic updates and Turnpike info. Noted a brief break into NOAA Weather Radio on the Sawgrass/Turnpike one, presumably while the latest update was being loaded. 1650, City of Boca Raton; fair signal in the Boca area, though not great on some fringes of city limits. Loops of road construction updates, employment opportunities, etc. 90.9 MHz, unidentified; huge signal, stereo, all hardcore rap, lots of "nigga" in the lyrics, no announcements noted. This was heard upon first tuning in on the FL Turnpike north of Glades Road, north to SR- 706 (signal pretty poor by then). The unidentified West Palm Beach entry, "909" (Ft. Lauderdale), or something new? 91.9 MHz, unidentified; pretty much a clone signal and format of the above 90.9 (and heard in the same locale). "Flavor 91.9," or something new? Visit my "Florida Low Power Radio Stations" at: http://home.earthlink.net/~tocobagadx/flortis.html (Terry L. Krueger, Clearwater FL, Sept 9, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A. Low Power FM activists plan to drive around Seattle this week with pirate radio transmitters. They call it "swarm-casting", since they compare their microstations to mosquitoes. They claim the goal of ``microBLAST 2002`` is to shut down the stations owned by the likes of Clear Channel and Infinity (Radio Ink 09/09/2002 via Steven Wiseblood, TX, DXLD) ** ZIMBABWE [non]. PRESS STATEMENT BY THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF VOICE OF THE PEOPLE (VOP) The board of trustees of Radio Voice of the People (VOP) would like to correct certain misleading and inflammatory statements quoting some government officials about the legal status and operations of the station, which was completely destroyed in a bomb blast in the early hours of Thursday 29 August 2002. The government knows of the existence of VOP and in fact on July 4 2002 the police, accompanied by officials from the Broadcasting Authority of Zimbabwe searched our offices and confiscated files and tapes, which they only returned three weeks ago. The description of VOP by the Minister of State for Information and Publicity Professor Jonathan Moyo as an illegal radio station churning out anti-Zimbabwe propaganda and further linking it to terrorist activities is incorrect and most unfortunate. VOP is legally registered in Zimbabwe as a communications trust whose main objectives, among others include: - Ø Promoting effective communication between policy-makers and disadvantaged communities. Ø Promoting the participation by all Zimbabweans in sharing ideas or information for the furtherance of the Trust's objectives and the general development of Zimbabwe socially, economically, culturally, recreationally and politically. The radio station project is one of the vehicles that we have been using to promote the objectives of the trust. Cognisant of Zimbabwe's current restrictive broadcasting legislation, VOP does not own transmitters or a broadcast frequency in the country since the airwaves have not yet been freed almost two years after the enactment of the so-called Broadcasting Services Act. This is why the station is leasing a short-wave transmitter from outside the country. VOP is providing an alternative voice to Zimbabweans under an environment monopolized by the state broadcaster. It is not linked to any political party or controlled by foreign interests. Its editorial policy clearly states that stories and programmes should be balanced and covered in depth, providing clarity and full information. That is exactly what the station has been doing since its inception more that two years ago on June 12, 2000 on the eve of Zimbabwe's last Parliamentary elections. VOP has always been operating inside Zimbabwe and has never been secretive or clandestine about its operations and business premises. Its past and present personnel are law abiding, well-trained and experienced journalists, professional and support staff who have never disguised themselves in any way during their tour of duty. VOP brochures, T-shirts and caps have been distributed freely and well received throughout the country. Its programmes touch on issues pertaining to gender, youth, women, the environment, and health- especially the HIV/AIDS pandemic and topical socio-political events. The station has always sought comments from government, ruling party, opposition and civic organisation officials on matters of public interest. It also largely seeks the views of the general populace of Zimbabwe on matters affecting them using a random interviewing technique called voxpop-hence its well known slogan "Vanhu vari kutaura/ Abantu bayakhuluma/The people are talking." In conclusion the board would like to express its disgust at the unwarranted attack on VOP offices and sincerely hope that the law enforcement agents would bring the perpetrators of this dastardly act to book in a fair and transparent manner. We also hope that it will not be a long wait before the airwaves are freed in order for aspiring broadcasters not to go the long route outside our borders in order to freely and openly debate national issues. We also thank all those people and organizations that have issued solidarity messages in support of our worthy cause of promoting free speech and divergent viewpoints in our nation. Issued by RADIO VOICE OF THE PEOPLE BOARD OF TRUSTEES Harare September 3, 2002 (via Andy Sennitt, Sept 9, DXLD) ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ DX PROGRAM RECORDINGS +++++++++++++++++++++ Hello Glenn, I thought I`d pass on that my new site contain Windows Media recording of my favorite DX programs. This is the first time I have allowed the public to listen to my weekly recordings. I started doing this a year ago to help a couple old hams who are now shutins. They miss most of the shows because of timing or propagation conditions. They only have YB400s; the nursing home is full of noise. My site also boasts live streaming in Windows Media of whatever I am listening to at the time. My main HF interest is pirate radio and ship communications. http://members.rogers.com/alexsradio/ Thank you and 73 (Alex Draper, Orillia Ontario Canada, Sept 9, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Tnx, Alex, that should come in handy for others; currently on his menu are two DXings with Cumbres, two WORs (one via RFPI, another via WWCR), and 3 editions of DXers Unlimited --- the latter not otherwise available ondemand on the web, AFAIK. (I`ve never been able to get RHC`s live streaming to connect.) His pirate audio and QSL collexion is quite extensive (Glenn Hauser, DX LISTENING DIGEST) RECEIVER NEWS +++++++++++++ Re: Oldest Radio in Britain, 2-140: Clearly this journo hasn't bothered doing much homework, nor has he read the BDXC website list of radio museums. Do you think we should tell him! (MARK Savage, BDXC-UK via DXLD) DRM DRM Debuts Consumer Receiver, Software Radio at IBC DRM To Introduce 2 Major Advances in Special Live Preview at IBC, Saturday, September 14th Mon, 9 Sep 2002 12:16:25 +0100 For Radio Amateurs and DXers, a Peek at DRM`s First Publicly Available Software Radio and an Invitation to Its Testing Project Plus, a Glimpse into the Future with DRM`s First Consumer Receiver Amsterdam – The DRM Consortium will unveil a production-ready world- band consumer receiver, made by Coding Technologies together with the BBC and German device manufacturer AFG, and a preview version of its first publicly-available receiver, the DRM Software Radio made by Fraunhofer IIS-A, in a special preview with live transmissions at IBC 2002. At the same time, DRM will open the doors to radio enthusiasts who want to be the first non-members to access its transmissions when the DRM Software Radio Project, managed by VT Merlin Communications, begins this December. Qualified radio amateurs and DXers who plan to purchase the software (price: 60?) may register their interest during IBC. The special live preview, featuring DRM Chairman (and Executive Director of Marketing, Distribution & Technology at Deutsche Welle) Peter Senger, will take place at 11 a.m. on Saturday, September 14th at the DRM Booth in the Radio Hall (Hall 8), Stand 485. DRM is made up of 75 broadcasters, network operators, manufacturers and researchers who have created a digital system (also called DRM) for the broadcasting bands below 30 MHz. DRM is the world`s only non- proprietary, digital AM system for short-wave, medium-wave and long- wave with the ability to use existing frequencies and bandwidth across the globe. With near-FM quality sound offering a dramatic improvement over analogue AM, DRM will revitalize the AM broadcasting bands in markets worldwide. ``This is an exceptionally fast-moving time in DRM`s development,`` says Senger. ``As we close in on our 2003 launch with test transmissions across the globe, we invite radio enthusiasts to listen to DRM for themselves and report their findings in our Software Radio Project. Furthermore, we are delighted to present the first DRM consumer receiver, which offers equipment manufacturers a low-cost track toward mass production of DRM receivers.`` DRM Software Radio Project The DRM Software Radio, designed for private use, is a downscaled version of an existing, professional Fraunhofer receiver. Its features include: audio MPEG-4 AAC +SBR decoding, multimedia reception, selection of service and the possibility to log the reception quality (which can later be sent back to DRM). Its audio decoding library has been provided by Coding Technologies. Radio enthusiasts may register their interest in the Software Radio Project at the DRM Booth during IBC 2002, or at the DRM Web site at http://www.drm.org When the project launches in December, the web site will be set up to support and distribute the software for a 2-year period, and to analyse received DRM transmissions. It will also contain a discussion forum, worked examples of receiver modifications, an analysis section, and general information about the project. Participants must meet the following technical criteria: Operating system: Windows 2000, Windows XP, or Windows 98. An AT-compatible PC with 500 MHz Intel Pentium processor (or equivalent), 64 MB RAM, 50 MB free disk space, 16-bit SoundBlaster (or compatible) soundcard that supports full duplex at 48 kHz sampling rate for input and output; the input must be without AGC (Automatic Gain Control); for example: Creative SoundBlaster Live! or ``USB One`` USB audio interface. Notebook soundcards are not always compatible, and a compatibility list will be published. A front-end receiver is also required, an AOR7030 or another receiver which can be modified. The modification is the addition of an extra circuit board to produce an extra Intermediate Frequency (IF) of 12 kHz. Several companies already sell these conversion boards. Participants will need a receiver with a 12 kHz IF, because this frequency is within the range of PC soundcards. Many radio receivers have an IF of 455 kHz, so the extra circuit board mixes this down to the soundcard range. The PC soundcard is used to analyse the DRM signal. DRM Consumer Receiver The world-band consumer receiver, developed by Coding Technologies together with the BBC and German device manufacturer AFG, is based on a modular system design made up around standard components. It is a production-ready OEM receiver sample integrated in an enclosure of a commercially available multi-band radio receiver. The DRM system also uses aacPlus by Coding Technologies as the standard audio coding format. aacPlus is a combination of MPEG AAC (Advanced Audio Coding) with Coding Technologies` groundbreaking SBR (Spectral Band Replication) bandwidth extension algorithm. About DRM The Digital Radio Mondiale Consortium was founded in 1998. DRM`s membership is rich in its diversity, with members from 29 countries as varied as Ecuador, Tunisia, Germany, China, the U.S.A., Nigeria, Finland, India, the U.K., Japan, Spain and Australia. Moving fast toward universal standardization, the DRM system has been endorsed by the International Electrotechnical Committee (IEC), which published its DRM Publicly Available Specification (PAS 62272-1). The IEC approval, together with DRM`s existing certifications by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) and the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), puts DRM a step closer to its 2003 launch. DRM audio samples are available online at http://www.drm.org About Coding Technologies Coding Technologies, the Swedish-German technology leader in audio coding, develops and implements unique audio compression technologies for the broadcasting, Internet and telecommunication markets. Coding Technologies` SBR (Spectral Band Replication) technology is used in the MP3 successor mp3PRO as well as in the highly efficient coding method aacPlus. It is part of open standards like Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM) and is reference model in MPEG-4. The company`s customers include system designers, chip/device manufacturers and content providers. Coding Technologies, a privately held company with offices in Stockholm, Sweden, and Nuremberg, Germany, combines the exceptional skills of a Swedish company specialized in audio compression technologies and a spin-off from the renowned Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits, the inventor of MP3. For more information, visit http://www.codingtechnologies.com. About Fraunhofer IIS-A The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft founded in 1949 is the leading organization of applied research in Europe. It operates 56 research establishments. The headquarters are located in Munich, Germany. Most of the 11,000 staff members are qualified scientists and engineers. Founded in 1985, the Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits IIS in Erlangen ranks first in terms of staff count and industrial revenues among other Fraunhofer-Institutes. The spectrum of services ranges from consulting, concept development, hardware and software design to system development and prototype implementation. Research topics are: Audio coding including significant contributions to international standards (MP3, MPEG-4 Audio), video coding at very low bit rates, Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM), RF-circuitries, complex digital systems on silicon, vision systems for automated quality assurance, ultra fine focus X-ray computer tomography, high speed camera systems and analog and digital ICs. 13,500 square meters of office and laboratory space are available for 450 staff members to carry out contract research. The budget of 49 million Euros is mainly financed by projects from private industries and public sectors. Less than 20% of the budget is subsidized by federal and state funds. About VT Merlin Communications VT Merlin Communications, part of the VT Group, is a leading provider of critical communications services to customers in the space communications, defence and broadcast industries. Its range of critical communications services includes technical support services, facilities management, as well as project and programme management. VT Merlin has extensive experience in the design, build, operation, maintenance and support of facilities worldwide. Customers include The European Space Agency (ESA), BBC World Service, the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD) and QinetiQ. Operating the world`s leading short wave network, VT Merlin transmits over 1,000 hours of both short and medium wave broadcasts every day. VT Merlin`s global network provides broadcasters with exceptional coverage of the world`s most populous regions, and offers capacity to deliver your programmes globally. Currently VT Merlin broadcasts for major international broadcasters including BBC World Service, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, NHK (Radio Japan), Radio Canada International, Radio Netherlands and Voice of America. DRM Members DRM members are FARB (Australia); Nautel Ltd., Radio Canada International/CBC (Canada); Academy of Broadcasting Science of China (China); Riz Transmitters (Croatia); HFCC (Czech Republic); ESPOL, HCJB World Radio (Ecuador); Egyptian Radio and TV Union (Egypt); Digita Oy, Kymenlaakso Polytechnic (Finland); Atmel ES 2, CCETT, Radio France, Radio France Internationale, TéléDiffusion de France, Thales Broadcast & Multimedia (France); APR, Coding Technologies GmbH, Deutsche Welle, DeutschlandRadio, DLM, Sender Europa 1, Fraunhofer IIS-A, Innovationszentrum Telekommunikationstechnik GmbH IZT, IRT, Medienanstalt Sachsen-Anhalt/Digitaler Rundfunk Sachsen-Anhalt, Micronas GmbH, Robert Bosch GmbH, Sony International Europe, SWR Südwestrundfunk, TELEFUNKEN SenderSysteme Berlin AG, T-Systems MediaBroadcast, University of Applied Sciences - FH Merseburg, University of Hannover, University of Ulm, VPRT (Germany); Antenna Hungaria, Communications Authority Hungary (Hungary); All India Radio (India); RAI (Italy); Hitachi Kokusai Electric Ltd., JVC Victor Company of Japan, Ltd., NHK (Japan); Libyan Jamahiriya Broadcasting (Libya); Broadcasting Centre Europe (Luxembourg); Asia Pacific Broadcasting Union (Malaysia); Nozema, Radio Netherlands (Netherlands); Radio New Zealand International (New Zealand); Voice of Nigeria (Nigeria); Telenor/Norkring (Norway); Main Centre for Control of Broadcasting Networks/Voice of Russia (Russia); Universidad del Pais Vasco, (Spain); Factum Electronics AB, Radio Sweden International, Teracom SE (Sweden); EBU, International Committee of the Red Cross, ITU (Switzerland); Arab States Broadcasting Union (Tunisia); BBC, Christian Vision, VT Merlin Communications, QinetiQ, RadioScape Ltd., Roke Manor Research Ltd. (U.K.); Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation, IDT Continental Electronics, Harris Corporation, IBB/VOA, National Association of Shortwave Broadcasters, Sangean America, Inc.,TCI, a Dielectric Company (U.S.A.); and Radio Vaticana (Vatican City). Contacts: Siriol Evans, DRM, pressoffice@drm.org, +44 1481 268246, mobile +44 7781 127019 Laura Jelf, VT Merlin Communications, laura.jelf@merlincommunications.com +44 20 7344 5777, mobile + 44 7788 741724 Olaf Korte or Gerd Kilian, Fraunhofer IIS-A, bc-info@iis.fraunhofer.de +49 9131 776 6301 Gerald Moser, Coding Technologies GmbH, press@codingtechnologies.com +49 911 928 910 PROPAGATION +++++++++++ KN4LF 7 Day Medium Frequency Radio Propagation Outlook #2002-23 Published 1:00 PM EDT 02/09/08 For 02/09/09-02/09/15. Though this outlook is aimed primarily at medium frequencies, virtually all the following propagation data is applicable to HF frequencies. This 7 day medium frequency (300-3000 kc) propagation outlook and other solar, space weather and propagation data can be found on my website at http://www.kn4lf.com/kn4lf5.htm Due to the international scope of the Amateur Radio/SWL radio community I have adopted the date format of yy/mm/dd. REVIEW- The week of 02/09/02-02/09/08 was relatively quiet considering that we are approaching the Fall/Spring Equinox. ENERGETIC PROTON FLUX- During the previous seven day period one >10 MeV (10+0) energetic proton event occurred. It began at 0455 UTC on 02/09/07 and ended at 0230 UTC on 02/09/08. At its peak it reached approximately 210 pfu. (10+2). Originally I thought that the source of this elevated energetic proton event was old sunspot group #10069 (now renumbered as 10105) which actually arrived around the Sun's eastern limb early this morning. However it may have been associated with the a filament eruption just east of sunspot region #10102 at 16:24 UTC triggered a long duration C5.2 solar from solar region #10102 peaking. During the previous outlook period I had forecasted the probability of an elevated energetic proton flux event >10 MeV (10+0). During the new outlook period the probability of an elevated energetic proton flux event >10 MeV (10+0) is placed at 60%. An elevated energetic proton flux level >10 MeV (10+0) creates noticeably increased winter time day and year round night time D layer absorption of medium wave frequencies, especially on high latitude propagation paths but it can also negatively impact mid latitudes, depending on the intensity of the event. Elevated energetic proton events too small to be categorized as a Polar Cap Absorption event (PCA) can still impact high and mid level medium frequency propagation paths in the form of excessive D layer absorption. This fact is still stubbornly opposed by some otherwise very knowledgeable space weather physicists over dependent on threshold Riometer readings. ((((Note, high latitude medium frequency radio propagation paths can still be disturbed for days and up to weeks, following the end of an official >10 MeV (10+0) proton event.)))) SOLAR FLUX- During the previous 7 day period the daily solar flux values ranged between 186 and 171. During the new outlook period the daily solar flux values should range between approximately 230 and 180. NOTICE!!! During the latter part of the outlook period F-1/2 layer propagation openings on 6 meters are possible. Occasional auroral propagation is probable, with Sporadic E (Es) and Trans Equatorial Scatter (TEQ) openings also probable. During the previous 7 day period the background X-ray flux levels ranged between C1.3 and B6.4. Elevated background X-ray flux levels can impact propagation of medium frequency signals in a negative manner. Background X-ray flux levels of C2 or greater creates increased D-layer absorption of 160 and 120 meter signals and C1 or greater creates increased D-layer absorption of AM broadcast band signals. High solar flux values are generally considered to be detrimental to propagation of medium frequency signals both domestic and Trans Atlantic (TA) & Trans Pacific (TP), as more absorption can be present via the transmitted signals' two trips through the D layer at the takeoff and arrival points. Most "strong" longer haul medium frequency DX signals in excess of 3000 miles is via the E Valley-F layer ducting and/or Chordal Hop propagation modes. Therefore high solar flux values can aid in long haul medium frequency propagation paths in excess of 3000 miles, as a high solar flux value ensures a strong F layer part of the E Valley-F layer duct or Chordal Hop propagation mechanism. However high solar activity in the form of increased ionization created by Ultraviolet and X-Ray radiation can fill in the E Valley region and interfere with the E Valley-F layer ducting mechanism. In a sense the E Valley-F layer duct is closed on one or both ends of a propagation path and the transmitted MF RF signal only propagates between the E layer and land/ocean surface, with a higher angle and more loss. SUNSPOT REGIONS/SOLAR FLARES- During the previous 7 day period the visible sunspot groups were less active with only two M class solar flares occurring. An M1.1 solar flare occurred at 0049 UTC on 02/09/03. and an M1.5 class solar flare occurred at 0139 UTC on 02/09/08. Recently numbered sunspot region #10105 at S06 E77 emerged around the Sun's eastern limb early today. This is actually previous sunspot group #10069 which wreaked havoc on last month's space weather conditions. #10105 has emerged with a beta-delta class magnetic signature, which harbors energy for medium sized M class solar flares and also huge X class solar flares in future days. Fortunately sunspot group #10105 will not be in Earth facing (geo- effective) position for a while yet. That means nil chances of Coronal Mass Ejections (CME'S) and Geomagnetic Storms from this group. However it can still produce planet impacting elevated energetic proton events. During the outlook period I place the chance of a C class solar flare at 100%, an M class at 70% and an X class at 50%. An earthward facing C4 or higher class solar flare "can" elevate the proton flux above 10 MeV (10+0) and initiate large scale high and mid latitude propagation path absorption on the AM broadcast band, 160 and 120 meters, both stateside and DX, as a transfer of increased density and RF signal absorption from the day side D layer to night side of the ionosphere occurs through high level winds. Unfortunately even smaller C3 solar flares can create hour to hour and night to night variations in signal strength on medium frequencies. High and mid latitude Trans Atlantic (TA) and Trans Pacific (TP) propagation paths tend to open up after a significant period of time passes without an elevated energetic proton event of >10 MeV (10+0). This fact is still stubbornly opposed by some otherwise very knowledgeable space weather physicists over dependent on threshold Riometer readings. Openings also occur when the solar background x-ray level falls back to or below C1 for 160 and 120 meters and B9 for the AM broadcast band. CORONAL MASS EJECTIONS/IONOSPHERIC STORMS/VISIBLE AURORA- During the previous 7 day period at least one Coronal Mass Ejections (CME's) was partially geo-effective (earth facing). The full halo CME was associated with a filament eruption just east of solar region #10102 and also a long duration C5.2 solar flare event from solar region #10102, on 02/09/05. However, when the shock from this CME struck the IMF yesterday, it's polarity turned negative, an ionospheric storm with a Kp of 7 (G3) commenced and visible mid latitude Aurora did occur. During the previous 7 day period our planet did encounter a solar wind stream flowing from a geo-effective (Earth facing) coronal hole. The solar stream arrived on 02/09/04 triggering a moderate (Kp-6)(g2) ionospheric storm. A solar wind stream from a new geo-effective (Earth facing) coronal hole could buffet Earth's Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF) as early as 02/09/10, triggering a minor (Kp-5)(G1) to moderate (KP- 6)(G2)ionospheric storm. During the outlook period the probability of an Earth directed Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) is placed at 50%. During the outlook period the probability of unsettled (Kp-3) to active (Kp-4) geomagnetic conditions is placed at 80%. During the outlook period the probability of at least a moderate ionospheric storm (Kp-5)(G1) is placed at 60%. During the outlook period the probability of a visible mid latitude Aurora display is placed at 60%. The Wang-Sheeley Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF) Model which predicts Earth's IMF polarity, forecasts a positive polarity from 02/09/05-02/09/09. When the polarity of the IMF is negative a visible mid latitude Aurora display is likely when a CME strikes the Earth's magnetic field. When the polarity of the IMF is positive a visible mid latitude Aurora display is unlikely as a CME strikes the Earth's magnetic field. A Coronal Mass Ejection is the name given to an ejection of a large amount of matter from the Sun's outer atmosphere or corona. These ejections typically comprise millions of tons of material in the form of charged particles, and can be seen because the material reflects sunlight. When one of these ejections is directed towards the Earth (or conversely, directly away from the Earth), it looks like a roughly circular "halo" surrounding the Sun. The "Halo CME's" then are those CME's which are more likely to impact the Earth than those which are shot out at right angles to the Earth- Sun line. Energetic protons emitted during CME's play a major role in increased day time and night-time D-layer absorption of mediumwave frequencies. Coronal Mass Ejections were once thought to be completely initiated by solar flares. However it is now known that many (CME's) are not associated with Solar Flares. If a (CME) collides with the Earth, it can excite a Geomagnetic Storm if the polarity of the IMF has a negative sign. We must be vigilant in watching for geoeffective (CME's), in order to not be caught by surprise with a seemingly sudden and unexpected Geomagnetic Storm. As the Kp index reaches 3-4, the aurora oval begins expanding equatorward in magnetic latitude and generally begins having a negative impact on high latitude medium frequency propagation paths. A Kp index of 5 or higher begins to have a negative impact on high latitude high frequency shortwave propagation paths. However at times skewed path propagation conditions can compensate for high latitude propagation path auroral absorption. STRATOSPHERIC WARMING- During the outlook period increased winter like day and year round night time D layer absorption of medium frequency signals tied to stratospheric warming should not occur. Stratospheric warming is a major temperature change of the winter time polar and middle atmosphere from the tropopause (where the troposphere transitions into the stratosphere) to the base (D-layer) of the ionosphere, lasting for many days at a time and characterized by a warming of the stratospheric temperature by some tens of degrees (temperature inversion). As the stratosphere lies below the ionosphere, which is at mesosphere and thermosphere height, you would not expect to see stratospheric warming effect medium frequency propagation in any way BUT medium frequency signals do refract off of temperature inversions and moisture discontinuities and a temperature inversion is involved with stratospheric warming. So it's possible that a medium frequency signal could do any number of things when refracting off of a temperature inversion, at any height. Also stratospheric warming (STRATWARM) has a negative effect on medium frequency propagation, due to increasing medium frequency radio wave absorption by the D layer, via upward propagating Internal Gravity Waves (IGW). Also I have observed that stratospheric warming usually coincides with major jetstream circulation pattern changes and movement of Arctic air masses from Siberian Russia across the pole to Canada and the U.S. This phenomenon also occurs in southern hemisphere winter but seems to be less pronounced. 7 DAY FORECAST OUTLOOK- As we approach the fall/spring equinox propagation conditions will become more balanced in both hemispheres. Also as is the norm geomagnetic activity will increase. Expect good domestic propagation conditions in the northern hemisphere out to approximately 1050 miles. Expect very good domestic propagation conditions in the southern hemisphere out to approximately 1050 miles. "High latitude" northern hemispheric (TA) Trans Atlantic, (TP) Trans Pacific and cross equatorial propagation conditions in excess of approximately 3000 miles should be fair. "High latitude" southern hemispheric (TA) Trans Atlantic, (TP) Trans Pacific and cross equatorial propagation conditions in excess of approximately 3000 miles should be good. "Mid latitude" northern hemisphere (TA) Trans Atlantic, (TP) Trans Pacific and cross equatorial propagation conditions in excess of approximately 3000 miles should be fair to good. "Mid latitude" southern hemisphere (TA) Trans Atlantic, (TP) Trans Pacific and cross equatorial propagation conditions in excess of approximately 3000 miles should be very good to very good. "Low latitude" northern hemisphere (TA) Trans Atlantic, (TP) Trans Pacific propagation conditions in excess of approximately 3000 miles should be very good. "Low latitude" southern hemisphere (TA) Trans Atlantic, (TP) Trans Pacific propagation conditions in excess of approximately 3000 miles should be very good. There will be "moderate to high" lightning induced QRN levels in mid and low latitude areas of the northern hemisphere tied to warm season thunderstorms and tropical systems during the forecast period. Occasional lightning induced QRN will occur across the mid and low latitude areas of the southern hemisphere, with an endless series of winter time approaching cold fronts and surface extra-tropical low pressure systems. High to moderate lightning induced QRN will continue in the vicinity of the tropical ITCZ and across equatorial regions. 73, Thomas Giella, KN4LF, Plant City, FL KN4LF 160 Meter Amateur Radio Resources: http://www.kn4lf.com KN4LF Daily Solar Space Weather Geomagnetic Data Plus MF Propagation Outlook: http://www.kn4lf.com/kn4lf5.htm FL Meteorological & Climatic Institute: http://www.kn4lf.com/sub/fmci.htm (Thomas Giella, KN4LF kn4lf@arrl.net Sept 8, hard-core-dx via DXLD) ### |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| DX LISTENING DIGEST 2-140, September 7, 2002 edited by Glenn Hauser, wghauser@hotmail.com Items from DXLD may be reproduced and re-reproduced only if full credit be maintained at all stages and we be provided exchange copies. DXLD may not be reposted in its entirety without permission. Materials taken from Arctic or originating from Olle Alm and not having a commercial copyright are exempt from all restrictions of noncommercial, noncopyrighted reusage except for full credits HTML version of this issue will be posted afterwards at http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldtd02.html For restrixions and searchable 2002 contents archive see http://www.worldofradio.com/dxldmid.html NOTE: If you are a regular reader of DXLD, and a source of DX news but have not been sending it directly to us, please consider yourself obligated to do so. Thanks, Glenn WORLD OF RADIO 1146: BROADCASTS ON WBCQ: Mon 0415 7415 BROADCASTS ON WWCR: Sun 0230 5070, 0630 3210, Wed 0930 9475 BROADCASTS ON RFPI: Sun 0000, 0600, Mon 0030?, 0630? on 7445, 15038.7; webcasts also Sun 1200, 1830?, Mon 1230? BROADCASTS ON WRN: Rest of World Sat 0800; North America Sun 1400 ONDEMAND http://www.wrn.org/ondemand/worldofradio.html (DOWNLOAD) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1146.rm (STREAM) http://www.k4cc.net/wor1146.ram (SUMMARY) http://www.worldofradio.com/wor1146.html WORLD OF RADIO ON WJIE 7490: Appears irregularly in the 0000 UT hour; UT Sat Sept 7 ending at 0048 was last week`s #1145; only open carrier after 1200 UT Sat. More under USA. ** ANGOLA [and non]. New article by Eric Beauchemin, who visited there earlier this year, includes audio clips; a bit from the second page: RADIO ECCLESIA: GIVING ANGOLANS A VOICE Rádio Ecclésia, Angola's only independent radio station, broadcasts 15-and-a-half hours a day in Luanda on 97.5 FM. It is also on the air daily for one hour on 6205 kHz via a 250 kilowatt transmitter in Meyerton, South Africa. Rádio Ecclésia began broadcasting on shortwave in July 2000 to provide coverage of a major peace conference. The station hired two hours of airtime daily from Radio Netherlands to broadcast via our relay station in Madagascar. But the transmissions stopped after only two weeks because of technical problems. They resumed 10 months later using the facilities of Deutsche Telekom and a 100 kW transmitter in Jülich in eastern Germany. In May 2002, Rádio Ecclésia switched to a shortwave transmitter in South Africa. The station puts together a special one-hour broadcast, eliminating references to local events in Luanda, which it feeds to Merlin Communications in London via the Internet. Because of insufficient bandwidth in Angola, it takes four hours to feed the programme. It automatically goes into a play-out system and is sent to South Africa for broadcast by satellite. Few Listeners Despite the huge costs in providing a shortwave signal, says Rene Roemersma of the Netherlands Institute for Southern Africa, NiZA, few people actually listen to the broadcasts. "Because of the war and the sheer size of Angola, it has been difficult to let people know about Rádio Ecclésia. Most people simply don't know the station's frequency... http://www.rnw.nl/realradio/features/html/ecclesia1020906.html (Media Network Sept 6 via DXLD) 6205?? André duToit`s SENTECH schedule shows 6100, tho last updated 30 June: Ecclesia 19:00 20:00 6100 250 328 1234567 Angola (gh, DXLD) {later corrected to 7205} ** ARGENTINA. Not very likely that they will do so [move down to 7 MHz as someone suggested]. I have corresponded with the station over the years, and even provided tapes to illustrate their reception problems in North America. The programming people I dealt with seemed to understand and would certainly like their programs to be heard better. However, from what I know from industry sources, RAE has occupied its present frequencies since the time of the Perón regime, and the Powers That Be in Argentina are reluctant to switch from what they see as "their" frequencies. It's a shame, since they do have some interesting programs...if one can hear them (Marie Lamb, Sept 6, ODXA via DXLD) ** ARGENTINA. 136 kHz: Roberto U. Beviglia, LU4BR, President of Radio Club Argentino, http://www.lu4aa.org reports that a portion of the 136 kHz band (135.7 - 135.8 kHz) has been allocated to amateur service on a secondary basis in Argentina. It will be coordinated by the Radio Club Argentino until it is finally assigned on a primary basis, within one year (425 DX News #592, via Horacio Nigro, Uruguay, Sept 6, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** AUSTRALIA. Previews, Sept 6-8: RA FEEDBACK* - listener letters, features and news about RA. This week: "Indonesia and Censorship; Radio Finland". Radio Australia's Indonesian service, flushed with success and having just celebrated its 60th anniversary, is again facing a major challenge. The Indonesian government plans to prevent the rebroadcast of foreign programmes on local media. If, as seems likely, this legislation gets through parliament all 24 of our relays in Indonesia will cease. Critics of the legislation say that it is turning the clocks back nearly 40 years. And the rationalisation of international broadcasting continue with news that Radio Finland is about to drop a number of its language services including English. [T;% (selected programs)] (John Figliozzi` previews, swprograms via DXLD) In case this not be a `selected program` to be available ondemand, of which there are only a few over the last several months on the list, the remaining airing is UT Sun 0305 (gh, DXLD) ** AUSTRALIA. AUSTRALIAN RADIO ANNIVERSARY -THE ORIGINAL SHORTWAVE STATION -- THE ALMOST FORGOTTEN ANNIVERSARY! - SEPTEMBER 5, 1927 It was just 75 years ago that the first international shortwave station in Australia went on the air with its first radio broadcast. The date was Monday September 5, the station was VK2ME in Sydney Australia, and the program was the 1st ``Empire Broadcast``. Back there in those days, Australia was really ``down under`` and quite isolated. The only communication with the outside world was by boat, or by Morse Code sent over a long and tenuous underwater cable system, or by Morse Code sent by variable wireless via several intermediate relay stations. Then it was that Sir Ernest Fisk, managing Director of AWA, Amalgamated Wireless Australasia (OS-tral-Asia), devised the concept of broadcasting radio programs from Australia to other parts of the world. For this purpose, AWA utilized its new 20 kW communication transmitter in the main hall at their new facility at Pennant Hills in an isolated area some 14 miles from downtown Sydney. This new state of the art transmitter was so large that it was contained in several wire cages with access only through safe-guarded gate-ways. The antenna was a long-wire that was attached to the main radio tower in use for the broadcast service of the mediumwave station 2FC. The first ``Empire Broadcast`` went on the air in the early morning of Monday September 5, 1927 so that it could be heard in England during the Sunday evening. The programming originated in the studios of the mediumwave station 2FC in Farmers Departmental Store in Sydney. This live program in this first historic shortwave broadcast from Australia consisted of speeches from prominent political leaders and instrumental and vocal music from Australia`s leading musicians. This innovative program from Australia was heard clearly in London by local listeners using their own shortwave receivers. The BBC station in London, the famous 2LO, also picked up the program and relayed it to millions of listeners throughout England. This 1st ``Empire Broadcast`` was also heard quite clearly in Scotland and India. Six weeks later, the 2nd ``Empire Broadcast `` went on the air, this time over VK2ME shortwave for overseas listeners and on 2FC mediumwave for local listeners. The programming in the 2nd ``Empire Broadcast`` was similar in content to the 1st broadcast. Two weeks later again, the 3rd ``Empire Broadcast`` went on the air and this time it was heard in North America, in addition to several countries in Europe. In the United States, the programming from Australia was picked up by the General Electric station WGY in Schenectady, New York and relayed on mediumwave nationwide and on shortwave worldwide. Over in England, the well known Gerald Marcuse picked up the programming and relayed it on shortwave back to Australia over his famous amateur station G2NM. Program number 4 went on the air in early November; and program number 5 was a special broadcast for Christmas 1927. A little less than a year later, another 20 kW shortwave transmitter was installed at Pennant Hills for the broadcast of special programming during an international Catholic Convention in Sydney. On this occasion, the 5 kW mediumwave transmitter for 2FC was re-tuned also to a shortwave channel for a parallel relay. The new 20 kW transmitter was subsequently designated with the callsign VLK. During its 13 year broadcast history, experimental station VK2ME was on the air over at least four different shortwave transmitters:- 1. The original 20 kW VK2ME. 2. The 5 kW mediumwave transmitter was retuned to a shortwave channel. 3. Another 20 kW transmitter under the callsign VLK. 4. Another 20 kW shortwave transmitter again, under the callsign VLM. In addition, for a while during the mid and late 1920s, the programming from VK2ME was also heard on an experimental FM outlet on 7 MHz, station VK2MA. Two of the AWA transmitters were taken into service in December 1939 for the original service from Radio Australia. The transmitters VLK and VLM were redesignated as VLQ and VLQ2, though these calls were later changed to VLI, the original broadcast station with this callsign. Several colorful QSL cards were issued by AWA for transmissions from their stations and these include two different versions of an early map card and the more famous Kookaburra card in yellow. One of these early cards shows the original callsign, A2ME. AWA Pennant Hills is now gone, along with all of the pioneers who kept it on the air, and its colorful history is now stored in boxes in the Mitchell Library in Sydney. Nevertheless, we honor Australia`s pioneer shortwave station on the occasion of what would be the 75th anniversary of its inauguration (Adrian Michael Peterson, AWR Wavescan Sept 8 via DXLD) WTFK?? From AMP`s extensive reference notes, we extract some frequencies used at various times:: The initial frequency used in 1927y was 10525 kHz. Others used at various times until 1936, some under different callsigns than VK2ME: 7940, 7945, 7950, 7960, 7980, 8095, 8333 kHz to 8572, 9330, 9590, 9760, 9780, 10510, 10520, 10527, 10950, 13340, 13800, 14710, 16320, 16330, 17630, 19300, 19355, 20400. Note how few of them are within what are considered broadcasting bands today (Glenn Hauser, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** CANADA. Wednesday September 11th SPECIAL CBC PROGRAMMING - LOSS & LEGACY: REFLECTIONS OF SEPTEMBER 11TH: The Roundup is pre-empted for a nine-and-a-half-hour special hosted by Michael Enright, Shelagh Rogers and Bill Richardson. From 8:30 am to 6:00 pm, you`ll hear live coverage of commemorative events from New York. Also woven throughout the special will be new works by Canadian writers and musicians. Visit http://cbc.ca/september11 for additional information (CBC Roundup for Sadgoaters via Bill Westenhaver, DXLD) Above site has links to lots of audio, video, and schedule info: http://cbc.ca/september11/radio_guide_02-11.html until the 11th and http://cbc.ca/september11/radio_guide_11.html for the day itself, including lots of regional programming. LOSS & LEGACY is referred to in ET, so is 1230-2200 UT, but is it time-shifted like everything normally is across Canada? (Glenn Hauser, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** CHAD. OFFICIAL SAYS STATE-OWNED RADIO STARTS NORMAL BROADCAST | Text of report by Chadian radio on 5 September The RNT [Radiodiffusion Nationale Tchadienne, state-owned] has resumed broadcasts in the interior of the country. Despite a few technical difficulties experienced by the station, the RNT is now heard both in the regions and abroad. The RNT technical director, Raphael Mbaye Sane, who is interviewed by Daniel Ndomba, sheds light on the situation. [Sane] We use shortwave transmitters to cover the entire country. These broke down, thus our programmes could not reach our people. [Ndomba] For the past week, however, our listeners in the regions have been telling us that they are now able to pick up Radio Chad. What kind of technical explanation do you have for this? [Sane] The explanation is simply technical. The transmitters were out of order because we were short of parts to fix them. We were waiting for these parts. Fortunately, in early July, we received the necessary parts for one of the transmitters, so we were able to resume broadcasting with their arrival. This explains why listeners can now hear us on shortwave. [Ndomba] We thank you, Mr Director, for this joyful note. [Sane] Thank you. But, I am the one who is happy because it is good for people to listen to our broadcasts. Unfortunately, we cannot broadcast as we should. However if people are listening to us, it is a good thing, and this gives us great joy. Source: Radiodiffusion Nationale Tchadienne, Ndjamena, in French 1300 gmt 5 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) WTFK?? Like 4904.5? (gh, DXLD) ** CHINA. GOOGLE MIRROR BEATS GREAT FIREWALL OF CHINA 15:55 06 September 02 NewScientist.com news service China's widely criticised blocking of the web's most popular search engine Google can be defeated by viewing a strange Google mirror site through a mirror, New Scientist has discovered. The mirror site, called elgooG, is a parody of the English language version of Google in which all the text on the web pages has been reversed. The text terms used for searches are also entered in reverse. The site, which returns all the same hits as Google, can be accessed from behind China's" great firewall". Viewing the page using a mirror makes it somewhat easier to read, and would allow someone to find a website. Web site "mirroring" normally involves copying the contents of a site and hosting on a different server. This can be useful if one server is particularly busy. New Scientist ascertained that elgooG is accessible from China using a system that remotely tests China's internet restrictions. The system was created by two researchers at the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard Law School in the US. Routine block Google has been blocked inside China since at least 1 September. It emerged on Friday that a second search engine Altavista is also restricted. The action has come under criticism from western human rights groups and journalist's organisations. China's government routinely blocks access to news sites that host content they consider unacceptable, such as the BBC's news site. Webproxies including anonymizer.com and safeweb.com, which can be used to view pages on one site through another, are also blocked. The reason for the latest restrictions is not clear but observers have speculated that government elections [sic] in November could have prompted a crack down on access to information via the internet. Content cache Google could have been targeted because it provides a cache of content from other web sites that are already under government blackout. However, Altavista does not. The country's 45 million internet users can only access the web through government-run ISPs. This means that any site can be blocked easily. The company behind Google has released programming information that provides remote access to its search capabilities. This means mirror sites can be created without having to duplicate Google's colossal database, though to date New Scientist has only identified elgooG. Will Knight (via Zacharias Liangas, Greece, DXLD) ** COSTA RICA. James Latham`s ``Interactive Radio Show`` on RFPI is in produxion again, UT Tue-Sat 0345-0400 on 7445, 15039, often with an element of levity as a warmup for the serious ``Democracy Now`` which follows at 0400. Unlike other RFPI shows, this is the only airtime; it is not recorded and repeated. RFPI will carry some special Pacifica programming for Sept. 11, live from Ground Zero and around the country, a 13-hour broadcast from 1100 UT, when RFPI will have 15040 turned on and streaming entire broadcast until 2400, and the block then repeated, at least 8 hours of it overnight when 7445 will also be on [to 0800, then UT Sept 12], preëmpting all other programming. Mountain range to the south not only blocks signals in the direxion of South America, but causes the takeoff angle northward to be higher than otherwise, so the signal disperses. Have had offers to move to new more favorable sites, but lacking capital investment to do so. Financial situation is very difficult at RFPI, but keeps struggling; needs listener support. Contribute or become a member for $40, to P O Box 1094, Eugene OR 97440; or see http://www.rfpi.org for a quick PayPal transfer with Visa or Mastercard (James Latham and Joe Bernard, RFPI Mailbag first airing Sept 7, notes by gh for DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** CUBA. 10050, R. Rebelde (2 x 5025), 1000 Sept 7, Weak 2nd harmonic noted this morning from Cuba. Fundamental raspy. Spanish language SSB traffic on top of harmonic (David Hodgson, Nashville, TN, harmonics yahoogroup via DXLD) ** CUBA. Hola Glenn, espero que estés muy bien. Acá te envío algunas noticias DX. El pasado 06/09, se pudo escuchar la retransmisión de Radio Reloj, La Habana, Cuba, en las frecuencias de 9550, 9600 y 9650 kHz. El mejor SINPO fue el de 9600 kHz con un registro de 5/5. La emisión fue escuchada entre las 0708 y las 0800 UT. Desde esa fecha no se ha oído más en onda corta. ¿Sería una prueba de los técnicos de Radio Cuba? (desde Catia La Mar, VENEZUELA, Adán González, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Probable mezclas entre transmisores de RHC en 9550, y Rebelde en 9600; durante esa hora después de finalizarse RHC a las 07, transmiten R. Reloj, talvez como prueba en varias frecuencias (gh, DXLD) ** CUBA. RADIO HAVANA CUBA - ENGLISH PROGRAMME GUIDE ---------------------------------------------------------------------- EUROPE: 2030-2130 on 13660-usb and 13750 kHz 2030 Mon-Sat International News 2110 Mon/Thu Caribbean Outlook 2040 Mon-Sat National News 2110 Wed Mailbag Show 2045 Mon-Sat RHC's Viewpoint 2110 Fri Weekly Review 2100 Mon-Sat News Bulletin 2105 Mon-Sat Time Out (sports) 2030 Sun Weekly Review 2110 Tue/Sat DXers Unlimited 2100 Sun Mailbag Show CARIBBEAN: 2230-2330 on 9550 kHz 2230 Mon-Sat International News 2310 Mon/Thu Caribbean Outlook 2240 Mon-Sat National News 2310 Wed Mailbag Show 2245 Mon-Sat RHC's Viewpoint 2310 Fri Weekly Review 2300 Mon-Sat News Bulletin 2305 Mon-Sat Time Out (sports) 2230 Sun Weekly Review 2310 Tue/Sat DXers Unlimited 2300 Sun Mailbag Show NORTH AMERICA 0100-0500 on 6000 9820 and 11705-usb kHz 0500-0700 on 9550 9820 and 9830-usb kHz 0100 Tue-Sun International News 0410 Tue-Sat Spotlight on the Americas 0110 Tue-Sun National News 0415 Sun The World of Stamps 0115 Tue-Sun RHC's Viewpoint 0430 Tue-Sun News Bulletin 0130 Tue-Sun News Bulletin 0500 Tue-Sun International News 0135 Tue-Sat Time Out (sports) 0510 Tue-Sun National News 0140 Wed/Sun DXers Unlimited 0515 Tue-Sun RHC's Viewpoint 0140 Tue/Fri Caribbean Outlook 0530 Tue-Sun News Bulletin 0140 Thu Mailbag Show 0535 Tue-Sat Time Out (sports) 0140 Sat Weekly Review 0540 Wed/Sun DXers Unlimited 0200 Tue-Sun International News 0540 Tue/Fri Caribbean Outlook 0210 Tue-Sat Spotlight Americas 0540 Thu Mailbag Show 0210 Sun World of Stamps 0540 Sat Weekly Review 0230 Tue-Sun News Bulletin 0600 Tue-Sun International News 0300 Tue-Sun International News 0610 Tue/Sat Spotlight on the Americas 0310 Tue-Sun National News 0615 Sun The World of Stamps 0315 Tue-Sun RHC's Viewpoint 0630 Tue-Sun News Bulletin 0330 Tue-Sun News Bulletin 0335 Tue-Sat Time Out (sports) Unsure of Monday UT programmes in English 0340 Wed/Sun DXers Unlimited to North America (local Sunday in N America) 0340 Tue/Fri Caribbean Outlook as the RHC website seems to show wrong times. 0340 Thu Mailbag Show However these programmes include Weekly 0340 Sat Weekly Review Review, Mailbag Show, Top Tens, Jazz Place, 0400 Tue-Sun International News, Breakthrough, and From Havana. All times/days UTC. Compiled by TR from Radio Havana Cuba website: http://wwwradiohc.org The info was taken at face value from the RHC website without any monitoring checks, so hope it's correct (via Tony Rogers, Sept BDXC-UK Communication via DXLD) ** ESTONIA. Bob Padula`s brief comments on non-SW here are in current issue 589, later archived at http://www.wwdxc.de/topnews.htm – not ETHIOPIA, as previously referenced in 2-138 --- couldn`t read my own scribbling (gh, DXLD) ** ETHIOPIA. 9561.7, R. Ethiopia Sep 2 *1600-1607 32332 English, 1600 s/on with IS. ID. Talk (Kouji Hashimoto, Japan, Japan Premium via DXLD) ** GUYANA. 3291.27, V. of Guyana, 0925 Sept 3-7. The last few days I've been checking Guyana on 90 meters. Modulation is excellent now, having been earlier this year essentially unlistenable, due to undermodulated signal. On Sept. 3rd I heard birthday greetings on what I assume was "The Early Bird Show", KFC ad, then Subcontinental music. Good signal strength with strong audio. I look forward to quiet fall and winter conditions to enjoy this gem of a station (David Hodgson, TN, DX LISTENING DIGEST) 3290 [sic], Voice of Guyana 9/3 0912-0923 in English/Spanish. Talk at tune-in of ``Overnight BBC program``. ID at 0915 with local timecheck and mention of ``Early Bird program, sponsored by Kentucky Fried Chicken and PizzaHut``. The announcer then read menu items and price lists! Lively Spanish music was played during the program. Weak but readable with very little noise (Barbour, NH, NASWA Flashsheet via DXLD) ** INDIA. Dear Glenn, Re 2-139: About the enquiry on AIR, yes AIR stations do broadcast on 4910, 4920 and 4760 at the times mentioned. Sincerely, (Jose Jacob, India, Sept 7, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** IRAN [and non]. Excellent interview on KRWG`s Images, Sept 7 at 2330-2355 UT, with Dr. Nader Pourhassan, author of The Corruption of Moslem Minds; see http://www.barbed-wire.net/purple/Corruption.html And the show should be available ondemand eventually, but they are two months behind: http://www.krwgfm.org/archive.htm (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** JAPAN. RADIO ICON PULLS PLUG ON SHOW AFTER WORLD-RECORD 45 YEARS Sunday, September 8, 2002, From The Japan Times By KAORUKO AITA, Staff writer Her achievement is nothing special, she says. But the thing that has kept Chieko Akiyama going throughout her unprecedented career is the human energy radiating from the people she meets. Stopwatch in her hand, critic Chieko Akiyama prepares for a show at Tokyo Broadcasting System Inc.'s radio studio in Tokyo's Minato Ward. "Akiyama Chieko no Danwa Shitsu" ("Chieko Akiyama's Lounge"), the monologue radio program hosted for the last 45 years by the 85-year- old critic, will end with the Oct. 4 show. She will have spoken 12,512 times on the world's longest-running radio program, which has aired on weekdays since 1957. "People say these records are great," said Akiyama quietly. "But what I've done is nothing glorious nor ostentatious. I have mostly talked about the lives of ordinary people from their viewpoints, which I believe is most important for the media in reporting. "I have gotten so much power and stimulation from the people I have met in Japan and abroad for the program," said Akiyama. She has covered such diverse issues as politics, books, local community happenings and the daily lives of people in various occupations. For each show, Akiyama does almost everything on her own -- from selecting a topic and gathering information on it to writing a script and talking about it for six minutes and 10 seconds. She was the first media personality in Japan to do all this in a serial radio or TV program. Akiyama, who hails from Miyagi Prefecture, first taught at a school for the deaf after graduating from the predecessor of Ochanomizu University in Tokyo. She joined the world of broadcasting, while still working at the school, by reading aloud children's stories she had written. She quit her jobs, however, after getting married in 1940. "I was an ordinary woman. I wanted to be a good wife and mother," said Akiyama, who has three children. What turned her into an extraordinary person was the war. It devastated the nation but also brought about drastic changes in Japanese society, particularly for women. She resumed her broadcasting career in 1948 when she was asked to do a program for the General Headquarters' Civil Information and Education Section, which supervised education and the media in Japan. The GHQ program, titled "Kaigi no Susumekata" ("How to Organize a Meeting"), was launched to help the Japanese public understand how to conduct meetings. Akiyama says she informed readers on the proper methods of selecting a chairman, giving participants the chance to voice their opinions and changing the subject of discussions. "The program was intended to educate Japanese women, who gained the right to vote in 1945," Akiyama explained. In 1949, Akiyama began traveling around the country to report on what she saw and heard. She also began appearing in TV programs about half a century ago, when commercial TV stations in Japan were first set up. Among the topics she discussed, peace-building was high on the list. "I have planted a number of tiny seeds in an effort to prevent war. One of the seeds has grown to be big," Akiyama said, referring to the story "Kawaiso na Zo" ("The Pitiful Elephant"). The nonfiction piece, written by Yukio Tsuchiya, is the story of an elephant that starved to death at Tokyo's Ueno Zoo during World War II. Akiyama first introduced the story in her program 35 years ago, provoking major reactions. That prompted her to retell the story every Aug. 15, the anniversary of Japan's defeat in the war. The book, which was out of print then, is back in print and has sold more than 1 million copies. "I know war. We must do everything to prevent another. We must do every possible thing not to allow another," she emphasized. Asked why she has decided to draw the curtain on her radio program, Akiyama said, "All things have their end. I want to put an end to the program while I am healthy and sound enough to control myself." The program's conclusion, however, does not mean she will remain quietly at home. "I am fortunate in that I have a large network of people -- the fruits of my long career -- that keeps me busy doing a variety of things, including volunteer social activities." The Japan Times: Sept. 8, 2002 (C) All rights reserved (via Mike Terry, DXLD) Oh, yeah? ** KAZAKHSTAN [non]. 9775 CLANDESTINE, Radio DAT, *0101-0201* Sep 1, opening music followed by multiple IDs as part of opening. After segment of music, a series of long political talks followed. Program ran for 30 minutes and was repeated. Good with channel clear with no VOA on weekends (Rich D'Angelo, PA, NASWA Flashsheet Sept 7 via DXLD) ** KOREA SOUTH. RADIO KOREA ANTENNAS WERE DAMAGED BY THE TYPHOON Hi, Takahito sandte mir die untenstehende Mail ueber die Taifun- Schaeden vom 1. September. Die originale 22 mb Antenne fuer Europa (13670 07-11 UT) ist also ausser Betrieb, wie die A15 Ausbreitung der Rundstrahlantenne fuer Europa ist, muesste man checken. Jetzt ist es 11.25 UT, kann ich erst morgen tun. 73 wb df5sx (Wolfgang Büschel, DX LISTENING DIGEST) Viz.: ----- Original Message ----- From: "Takahito Akabayashi, JPN Sent: September 6, 2002 Subject: Radio Korea TX were damaged by the typhoon According to Mr. Tohru Yamashita of Asian Broadcasting Institute, Kimje transmitter site of Radio Korea was seriously damaged by the Typhoon Rusa on Sept.1. 10 of the 17 antennas were damaged. 8 antennas were recovered by the site members until Sept.6, but remaining 2 (A9 and A14 antennas) need 120 megawon to repair. A9 is for Europe at 0700-1100 on 13670 and for relay of RCI to China; A14 is for North America at 2300-0400 on 15575 kHz. During the repair A9 is replaced by A15, and A14 by A13, both non-directional. It is curious that it needed 5 days in this hi-tech nation until the headquarters in Seoul knew the fact! (Takahito Akabayashi, Tokyo, Japan via WWDXC BC-DX, Sep 6 via DXLD) ** KURDISTAN [and non]. IRAN/IRAQ/KURDISTAN. Observations made by Rumen Pankov during August of stations broadcasting to Kurdish areas: 3880 4370 *1625-1744* P V. of the Communist Party of Iran 3903 *1600-1700* K R. Freedom 3903 5892 *1725-1850* A V. of Iraqi People (Communist) 3930 4610 6810 *1625 P/K V. of Komala 3985 1635* P V. of Iranian Kurdistan 4050 6995 *0203 and 1955* A/K V. of the People of Kurdistan 4085 7090 *0345 A/K V. of Kurdistan 4085 2003* A/K V. of Kurdistan 4130 1703* and *1843 A/K R. Kurdistan 4235 *0155 and 1725* A/K V. of Toilers of Kurdistan 4275 1704* P/K V. of -?- Kurdistan [abbreviations: A-Arabic, K-Kurdish, P-Persian] From Iraq to Iran: Voice of Mojahed in Persian 1st Programme: *0125-0531* and *1325-1731* on varying 5350, 5650, 6450, 6750, 7000, 8250, 8300, 8650, 8850, 9350, 10450 and 13450 kHz and MW/FM 2nd Programme: *1600-1845v on 7070 kHz (sometimes relays 1st Prog). (Rumen Pankov, Bulgaria, Sept BDXC-UK Communication via DXLD) ** NETHERLANDS [and non]. Extra RNW Frequencies on 11 September 2002: In connection with special programming in Dutch on 11 September, the following additional frequencies will be in use at 1457-1700 UT: 15120 kHz (Bonaire 250 kW/144 degrees) to the Caribbean/Surinam 17890 kHz (Bonaire 250 kW/350 degrees) to eastern North America 21540 kHz (Wertachtal 500 kW/120 degrees) to the Middle East (Media Network Sept 6 via DXLD) I wonder why? The English Service of Radio Netherlands will be broadcasting its normal schedule, but I want to draw your attention to a very special edition of Aural Tapestry on Thursday 12 September. It's a repeat of a programme created by David Swatling, a native New Yorker, in the aftermath of the attacks. We'll also be re-publishing the Web feature that accompanied the programme, and if you can't tune in on the 12th you can listen to the programme online. Here are some details: "Tragedy in Five Movements" In the mid-19th century, the poet Walt Whitman lived in New York City when the American Civil War began with the bombing of Fort Sumter. He reflected his love of the city and his experiences of war in some of his most moving poetry. In the mid-20th century, the composer Dmitri Shostakovich lived in Leningrad when the city was bombarded during the Second World War. His Eighth Symphony, written in 1943, contemplates the horrors of war and yearns for peace, not victory. At the beginning of the 21st century, a new age of terror dawned. Witnesses to the disasters in New York and Washington e-mailed their experiences and words of comfort or hope to friends near and far. In a programme originally broadcast two weeks after Sept 11th last year, David Swatling combines poetry, music and first-person accounts in "Tragedy in Five Movements" on Aural Tapestry. That's Thursday 12 September on Radio Netherlands. (Andy Sennitt, Media Network Newsletter Sept 6 via DXLD) ** PAPUA NEW GUINEA. R. New Ireland, 3905, coming in beautifully Sept 6 at 1130-1200*, including sign-off by woman. Some co-channel from Indonesia could be heard underneath. Almost as good Sept 7, when the ham net closed at 1125, leaving the frequency clear. Haven`t heard this one since I was in FL in the 80s (Ron Trotto, IL, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** PARAGUAY. Está de nuevo reactivada Radio Nacional del Paraguay en su nueva frecuencia (3 kHz más abajo de la anteriormente monitoreada 9739.1 kHz) de 9736.1 kHz. Fue escuchada el pasado viernes 06/09, a las 2308 UT, transmitiendo un partido de fútbol entre el Deportivo Luqueño y Cerro Porteño, en el marco del programa "Nacional Deportivo". En paralelo con 920 kHz en onda media. Escuchada hasta la 0134 UT, hora en que terminó el espacio deportivo y se comenzó a emitir música tradicional paraguaya (desde Catia La Mar, VENEZUELA, Adán González, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** PHILIPPINES. FATHER DELBAERE, BUILDER OF RADIO STATIONS & ENGINEER WHO REVITALIZED RADIO VERITAS ASIA, DIES Manila, Aug 14 (RVA) Father Hugo DelBaere, CICM, died on August 14 at the age of 68, DZN Radio Veritas Asia announced on its website. Father Delbaere was the technical consultant for Radio Veritas Asia from 1973 to his death, and he also was responsible for the building of Catholic radio stations across the Philippines, Asia`s only Catholic nation. ``The Management and staff of Radio Veritas Asia expresses their deep gratitude for all those who prayed for the soul of Rev. Fr. Hugo Delbaere,`` the announcement said, calling him ``the man responsible for breathing life back to this shortwave station in 1974 after intensive rehabilitation work.`` RVA had come on the air in 1969 chiefly for benefit of Catholic Vietnamese after the fall of Saigon and those who expatriated or were living in refugee camps. After several years the station declined, and the Bishops Conference of the Philippines intervened to assume management and operation of the station. Father Delbaere played a key role. ``Through his dedication and commitment, RVA is what it is today because of a well-grounded technical foundation, enabling its 17 language services to proclaim God's message of love to the peoples of Asia via shortwave broadcast,`` the station management declared (Catholic Radio Update Sept 9 via DXLD) ** POLAND [and non]. ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH LEADER MOVES TO LIMIT CLOUT OF RADIO MARYJA... Cardinal Jozef Glemp, the primate of the Roman Catholic Church in Poland, has issued a decree banning as of 1 October the operation of Radio Maryja bureaus at parishes in the Warsaw Archdiocese (which is directly headed by Glemp), "Rzeczpospolita" and other Polish media reported last week. At the same time, Glemp called on the clergy and believers in his diocese to support another Roman Catholic radio station, Radio Jozef. "The priest on the territory of his parish may not, without permission of the diocese authority, accept offers from other church institutions in the sphere of religious instruction or allow any fund raising. Otherwise, he runs counter to canonical law and undermines the unity of the church," "Gazeta Wyborcza" quoted from Glemp's decree ("RFE/RL Poland, Belarus, and Ukraine Report," 3 September) ...IN EFFORT TO LIMIT ITS EXTREMIST VIEWS... Radio Maryja was started as a local radio station by Father Tadeusz Rydzyk in Torun in 1990; in 1993, the station received a concession for broadcasting nationwide. Today, Radio Maryja claims a regular listenership of 14 percent of adult Poles (some 4 million people) and touts itself as the most influential Catholic media outlet in Poland. Radio Maryja is notorious for its "Roman Catholic fundamentalism," nationalism, and opposition to Poland's membership in the European Union. It also actively participates in political campaigns in the country. Thanks primarily to support from Father Rydzyk's station, the far-right, ultra-Catholic League of Polish Families was able to win 38 seats in the Sejm in the parliamentary election on 23 September 2001. Glemp's decree suggests that the message aired by Radio Maryja does not necessarily concur with what the Roman Catholic Church hierarchy in Poland wanted to hear ("RFE/RL Poland, Belarus, and Ukraine Report," 3 September) ...BUT WILL OTHER CHURCH LEADERS FOLLOW? It is not clear at present whether other Polish bishops will follow Glemp's example and try to squeeze out Radio Maryja bureaus from their dioceses. Radio Maryja's parochial bureaus were set up all over the country spontaneously by believers, following an on-air appeal from Father Rydzyk. Their operation is regulated by accords concluded between the Radio Maryja management and individual dioceses. The bureaus are involved in raising funds for the operation of Radio Maryja, as well as for other purposes advertised by the station ("RFE/RL Poland, Belarus, and Ukraine Report," 3 September via RFE/RL Media Matters Sept 6 via DXLD) ** RUSSIA. Nueva frecuencia de La Voz de Rusia: 9890 kHz. Oída a partir del 3/09. Se oye muchísimo mejor que 9830 y 9865. SINPO 5/5. Saludos (desde Catia La Mar, VENEZUELA, Adán González, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** SOMALIA. NEW FM STATION SAID LAUNCHED IN PUNTLAND HEADQUARTERS | Text of report by Somali newspaper Xog-Ogaal web site on 7 September According to our reporter in Garoowe [Puntland's regional headquarters, northeastern Somalia], a new FM radio, that is on trial, has been heard in the town over the last two days. According to reports, the FM station, owned by a businessman allied to [Puntland leader] Col Abdullahi Yusuf, is planning to air programmes produced by either Radio Gaalkacyo or Radio Midnimo in Boosaaso. It is not yet known between the two, which ones it will air. Source: Xog-Ogaal web site, Mogadishu, in Somali 7 Sep 02 (via BBCM via DXLD) ** SRI LANKA [non]. 11570, Clandestine, IBC Tamil via Novosibirsk, Russia 9/3 2352-0029 in Tamil. Test tones heard at tune-in until *0000. Musical bridges and brief talks until 0002 when 3 IDs; alternating between male, female and male again; were heard as ``IBC Tamil``. Music and brief talks until 0011 when news was heard with several mentions of ``India and Pakistan`` were heard and a field report mentioning ``Korea``. Still going strong at 0029 when I ceased reception. Fair with brief periods of unID QRM chatter (Barbour, NH, NASWA Flashsheet via DXLD) ** SYRIA [non]. Sout Al Watan, 9950, *0328-0401* Sep 1, open carrier followed by middle east instrumental music at 0329 and opening ID at 0330. Program of political talks and a few vocals selections. Fair. Early reports that Sout Al Watan is operated by the Syrian Human Rights Committee (``SHRC``) appear to be incorrect. The following was received from Saleem el-Hasan, President of SHRC, in response to an e- mail reception report: ``Thank you very much for this piece of information. I am really amazed that SHRC has any connection with this new broadcast! We are absolutely unaware of this broadcast. We have never heard of it, or anybody seeked any permission to speak on our behalf. Your story have stimulated my curiosity to follow up this matter. Thank you very much for your letter and a lovely card will follow to your address, however we have nothing to do with the station. It is a sign of friendship with all philanthropists.`` I wonder what the ``lovely card`` will say? Also, I sent a separate e- mail to the SHRC Webmaster who replied: ``We are absolutely unaware of what you have mentioned. Regards SHRC.`` So, it would appear that SHRC is not associated with Sout Al Watan (Rich D'Angelo, PA, NASWA Flashsheet Sept 7 via DXLD) ** U K. From The RSGB: Nearly at the other end of the spectrum, Peter, G3MLO, and Jack, MW0AQD, were taking part in the 'Fivemegs Experiment' and were in contact on 5398.5 kHz at 0550 UT on the 30th of August. Afterwards, Peter received a reception report from Jim Robertson, ZL2JR, saying that their signals had been copied in New Zealand. MW0AQD was received at '4 and 4' while G3MLO was copied at '5 and 4'. While the 'Fivemegs Experiment' is intended to investigate NVIS propagation within the UK, the contact was made shortly after sunrise in Britain and around sunset in New Zealand, which is the time that long-distance 'greyline' propagation can be expected to occur (via Mike Terry, DXLD) See also USA ** U S A. Hi all, Maybe this is new for some of you: I got a QSL card from Grace in Action Ministries, P O Box 11569, Honolulu, Hawaii 96828, USA, where they in detail certify that I heard WWRB, Manchester, TN, USA on 6890 kHz. V/s was illegible. 73 from (Björn Fransson on the island of Gotland, Sweden, hard-core-dx via DXLD) ** U S A. I tuned in to WJIE on 7490 at 0050 on Sat. Sep 7 UT and heard a rather interesting program. I think it's titled WJIE This Week, devoted to station's news and developments. Among other things the host mentioned that "we are looking into acquiring a couple more short-wave stations". He asked for help from listeners who know of struggling ministries with SW outlets. He also made a direct appeal to those ministries. The host gave the brief history of WJIE and invited new ministries to buy air time through the scheme that was described in DXLD some time ago. WJIE is a commercial station but they still can accept donations from listeners through their not-for-profit branch. WJIE is looking for reception reports from all over the world. They especially want to hear from those who used to listen to WJCR and can compare reception on 7490 back then and now. The program was over at 0105 UT, then ID and a Christian broadcast for female listeners. At my place the signal was quite strong with a very poor (shallow) modulation --- Reminds me of Radio Romania International (Sergei Sosedkin, IL, Sept 7, DX LISTENING DIGEST) See top for WOR observations; this show followed it, as often happens; they understand the value of lead-ins... (gh, DXLD) Hi Glenn, I heard your program on WJIE last night on 7489.95 at and around 0020 UT (7th of September). I heard WJIE at 2330 first, but they were really interfered and sometimes covered by utility/radio amateurs. Better at 0000 and sometimes with SIO 333, when you were there with World of Radio. 73 from (Björn Fransson on the island of Gotland, Sweden, hard-core-dx via DXLD) ** U S A. WWCR has posted a new program schedule dated Sept 1, and we also refer to a printed copy to find a few specialty programs now scheduled: THE OLD RECORD SHOP: Sat 2330 5070, Sun 1330 15825, Mon 0930 9475 KEN`S COUNTRY CLASSICS: Sun 0430 3210, Sun 0530 5070 ROCK THE UNIVERSE: Sat 1105 5070, Sun 0805 3210, Sun 1205 12160 For more, see The Specialty program guide, which has also been updated: http://www.wwcr.com/cr_specialty_pgms.html There`s also a TECHNOLOGY HOUR, UT Sat 0200-0300 on 3210; not sure if it really be secular (Glenn Hauser, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A. LITTLE KNOWN KJES IN VADO, NEW MEXICO, IS FIRST U.S. CATHOLIC SHORTWAVE STATION by Dr. Hansjeorg Biener. From his Medien Aktuell: Kirche im Rundfunk, February 2002. © Copyright 2002 and reprinted with permission. Vado, New Mexico (Medien Aktuell) -- At the end of 1989 and beginning of 1990, North American shortwave fans notice the first test transmissions of station KJES Missionary Radio Evangelism originating from a ranch operated by a Catholic priest for rehabilitating youth. In an interview he spoke of having two 50,000-watt shortwave transmitters, but that did not happen. On the contrary, the transmissions from the used transmitters were sporadic and did not happen regularly until 1992. The programs are essentially prayers, hymns, and readings. KJES maintains an unvarying programming and frequency schedule, summer season and winter season, year after year. All times are UT, world time, same as London, which is six hours ahead of New York time (five in summer daylight saving time). [make that 5 and 4, respectively, but how is New York relevant in this??? -- gh] 0200-0300 7555 kHz English to western Canada 0300-0330 7555 kHz English to central Canada 1400-1500 11715 kHz English to eastern Canada 1500-1600 11715 kHz English to western Canada 1600-1700 11715 kHz Spanish to Mexico 1900-2000 15385 kHz English to Australia 2000-2100 15385 kHz Spanish to Puerto Rico Database: Las Cruces: KJES shortwave. Service to North America and Australia and the Pacific in English; Mexico, South America, and Puerto Rico in Spanish. (One 50,000-watt transmitter). Format: Recited psalms and prayers. Owner: Our Lord's Ranch, 230 High Valley Rd., Vado NM 88072. (505) 233-2090, fax 233-3019. Michael Reuter, g.m. Fr. Rick Thomas SJ, pres. See also El Paso, Tex. Founded about 1992. (In the Diocese of Las Cruces) (Catholic Radio Update Sept 9 via DXLD) KJES is run primarily for the benefit, it seems to me, of the young people recovering from tough times in life, and serves Canada and Australia in English and Mexico and Puerto Rico in Spanish a few hours a day (Michael Dorner, CRU via DXLD) Do they really say PR is the target? Why be so specific when, e.g., Florida, Cuba and D.R. are in the same direxion? (gh, DXLD) ** U S A. Not stupid ballgames, just talk about stupid ballgames: ABC/Disney has used their LMA option, and purchased WEVD-AM New York 1050 50 kw directional for thier ESPN network. The cost.... $78 million (Brock Whaley, Atlanta, Sept 6, DX LISTENING DIGEST) ** U S A. WILL WBEZ DULL WLUW'S 'EDGE'? [Chicago public radio station poised to take over alternative outlet] http://www.chicagotribune.com/templates/misc/printstory.jsp?slug=chi%2D0209060007sep06 (Chicago Tribune Sept 6 via Mike Cooper, DXLD) ** U S A. FOR HISPANIC RADIO, FEUD BOILS OVER IN A MARKET ON FIRE By EDUARDO PORTER, The Associated Press, 9/6/02 10:00 AM and ANNA WILDE MATHEWS, The Wall Street Journal This spring, the two top Spanish-language radio companies in the U.S. were talking about a merger that would produce a Hispanic broadcasting giant and end one of the industry's nastiest feuds.... http://wizzer.advance.net/cgi-free/getstory_ssf.cgi?f0044_BC_WSJ--HispanicRadioFeu&&news&newsflash-financial (Wall Street Journal via Mike Cooper, DXLD) ** U S A. F.C.C. WEIGHS A SHARP EASING OF SIZE LIMITS ON BIG MEDIA By STEPHEN LABATON, NY Times, September 7, 2002 The Federal Communications Commission is preparing to consider sharply relaxing the rules that limit the nation's largest media conglomerates from becoming any bigger. In response to a series of court opinions that questioned the justifications for the existing rules, the agency will formally begin a rule-making process next week that is widely expected to lead to the most significant regulatory overhaul since the telecommunications laws were rewritten nearly six years ago. "This is a very significant act by the commission," said Richard E. Wiley, a former F.C.C chairman whose law firm, Wiley, Rein & Fielding, now represents many broadcasting and newspaper organizations that are seeking to have some of the rules repealed or loosened. "At long last, these rules are getting a total scrubbing." The ownership rules that the commission will reconsider restrict a newspaper from owning a TV station in the same city. They prevent a media conglomerate from owning two television networks. They prohibit a network from owning stations that broadcast to more than 35 percent of the nation's homes. They restrict a broadcaster from owning two television stations in the same market unless there are at least eight other competitors. And they restrict a company from owning more than eight radio stations in the same market. Industry executives and lawyers said that some of the rules, like the 35 percent limit, may not be scuttled entirely because they are supported by powerful corporate interests. The stations affiliated with the networks and one of the industry's well-placed trade groups, the National Association of Broadcasters, have mounted a strong campaign against the effort of the networks to repeal the rule. That fight is now expected to take on new vigor at the commission and in Congress. "There is a strong sense in Congress that you need more owners, not fewer owners," said Alan Frank, the chairman of the Network Affiliated Stations Alliance and the president of Post-Newsweek Stations, the unit of the Washington Post Company that owns five network-affiliated stations and one unaffiliated station. Other regulations, like the newspaper-broadcast cross-ownership rule, have no similar kinds of industrial support. But they are supported by some members of Congress, like Senator Ernest F. Hollings, the South Carolina Democrat who is chairman of the Commerce Committee, who has repeatedly made clear to the F.C.C. that he would oppose efforts to modify the ownership rules. The rules were written to encourage diversity of voices on the airwaves and competition among media outlets, and to prevent the biggest companies from becoming too powerful in controlling news and entertainment. The original basis for some of them grew out of fears of the experience before World War II when totalitarian governments in Europe and Asia controlled all media outlets. But some conglomerates, like Viacom and the News Corporation, have already bumped up against the limits of the rules. In a series of rulings over the last two years in cases brought by different companies, the federal appeals court here has repeatedly criticized the F.C.C. for failing to justify adequately the rules in an era in which consumers have access to cable and satellite television systems that offer hundreds of channels, as well as the unlimited offerings of the Internet. Next Thursday, the agency is expected to approve an order that starts the rule-making process. While it does not specify the direction the agency intends to take as it reconsiders the rules, experts say that they have no doubt that the proceedings are all but certain to conclude next year with most of the regulations either abandoned or broadly loosened. "This will ultimately allow efficiencies through consolidation that Wall Street will applaud," said Blair Levin, a former top official at the commission who is now an analyst at Legg Mason. "The critical question is what does it do to diversity of voice. It's unlikely that it will increase it. But the question is does it damage it." The move begins to fulfill the long-held vision of Michael K. Powell, the agency's chairman. As an F.C.C. commissioner during the 1990's and as chairman under President Bush, Mr. Powell has consistently voiced deep skepticism about the ownership rules, saying that they were based more on a hunch and intuition than on strong empirical evidence that they actually promote diversity and competition. At least two other members of the five-person commission are also known to be critical of the old rules. "Powell has had a very clear point of view throughout his term at the commission, which is that a lot of these rules need to be looked at right away and most of them are no longer valid," Mr. Levin said. "He believes the media world has changed dramatically and needs a strong look." Still, Mr. Powell has moved slowly in taking on the rules, embarking on a strategy that he hopes will pass muster in the courts and not provoke new fights with some lawmakers on Capitol Hill who support many of the rules. Rather than announcing their wholesale abandonment, Mr. Powell has set up a special task force and commissioned a set of studies that many lawyers and experts expect will conclude that they are no longer necessary to promote diversity and competition. The studies are expected to be completed next month (via Dennis Gibson, IRCA via DXLD) Okay, fine. Let them make all the money they can haul away. But let's see some promotion of conditions that allow the little guy to thrive and present his alternate point of view over the airwaves. Or will these new regs do away with viable public service requirements, too? And I'm not talking about running a few taped programs or church services early Sunday morning, as we most stations did until a few years ago to meet public service requirements - I'm talking about REAL, ongoing public service - including REAL local news and weather announcements. How many of you have noticed threatening weather approaching, tuned to your local "media conglomerate" station because it had a strong signal, and waited for the weather warning that never came? Also, how many of you who regularly complain on this listserv about Clear Channel and others actually have visited your local CC station and asked to see the station's public comment file? (Paul Swearingen, Topeka, ibid.) ** U S A. Local-only internet audio: Here's an amazing new technology that eliminates the global reach of Internet radio. It's perhaps another good reason to keep your shortwave radio... http://www.decisionmark.com/news_wral_airtoweb_9-4-2002.html (Kim Elliott, swprograms via DXLD) viz.: DECISIONMARK CORP. AND WRAL-FM TO PILOT FIRST "AIR-TO-WEB BROADCAST REPLICATION" TECHNOLOGY THAT WILL REVOLUTIONIZE THE BROADCAST INDUSTRY --Patented Technology Allows Local Internet Broadcast Without Copyright Infringement-- --Broadcast Stations Broaden Listenership, Avoid Costly Licensing Agreements-- CEDAR RAPIDS, IA - September 4, 2002 - Decisionmark Corp., a leading provider of Internet-based broadcast industry solutions, announced today it will work with WRAL-FM radio in Raleigh, North Carolina, to pilot its patented Air-to-Web Broadcast Replication (AWBR) technology, allowing the radio station to transmit its content via the Internet while replicating its over-the-air signal reach. The significance of this new technology is it permits any radio station to broadcast their local signal over the Internet without infringing upon copyright laws by extending the signal beyond legal geographic boundaries. Because the web listenership would duplicate that of the listeners already able to receive the signal with an antenna, it would lessen the fears of content being streamed to an unlimited audience, hence eliminating the need for additional copyright fees. The first of its kind, this pilot program will initially extend to a targeted listener audience who will be able to begin enjoying WRAL-FM from their computer beginning September 5, 2002. During this time, listeners will be asked to provide feedback to the station relating to ease-of-use, sound quality and other observations to help further enhance the listening experience. "We are excited to work with Decisionmark in proving its new patented 'Air-to-Web' technology," said James F. Goodmon, president and CEO, Capitol Broadcasting, owners and operators of WRAL-FM in Raleigh, North Carolina. "This technology is the solution to a problem that has been plaguing the broadcast industry for quite some time now. This sets the stage for us to take advantage of the Internet and keep the ears of our valued local listeners from car to desktop," Mr. Goodmon added. "Capitol Broadcasting is one of the most technically advanced and innovative broadcast companies in the U.S.," said Jack Perry, president and CEO of Decisionmark Corp. "Through WRAL-TV, they were the first station to offer a digital signal and the local newscast in HDTV. Our Air-to-Web technology is a significant step for the broadcast industry and we are excited to be testing it with such a cutting-edge partner and look forward to bringing the remaining 13,000 radio stations in the nation back to the web," Mr. Perry concluded. The Problem: Broadcast is Local; Internet is Global Traditionally, the Internet has been a global entity, providing content to all regardless of location. What is needed is a way to provide broadcast, via the Internet, that replicates what consumers receive with an antenna. Radio streamed on the PC has come under fire from organizations such as the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) that expect webcasters to pay royalties based on the global nature of the Internet and not the local reach of a traditional broadcast signal. In 1998 the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) was passed with provisions calling for performance royalties specifically for the recording artists and music labels. The performance rates were recently set at 0.07 cents per song, per listener and retroactive three and a half years. With tens of thousands of dedicated listeners, this amount would virtually bankrupt webcasters. The fees proposed by the DMCA exceed those typically paid to songwriters and publishers. Broadcasters currently pay under an agreement among Broadcast Music, Inc. (BMI), the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP), and the Society of European State Authors and Composers (SESAC). The fees typically average $250 annually or a small percentage of gross revenues. The DMCA also mandated that webcast royalties be set under a so-called marketplace- based deal reflecting what copyright owners would accept for licensing and what fees webcasters would be willing to pay. In addition to those fees demanded by BMI and ASCAP, the American Federation of Television and Radio Artists (AFTRA), a union that represents actors who voice radio commercials, is seeking 300 percent of their regular broadcast fee if radio stations retransmit their ads. These issues have been raised and extra money is being sought because the Internet has no geographic boundaries. The Solution: Air-to-Web Broadcast Replication (AWBR) Air-to-Web Broadcast Replication (AWBR) is Decisionmark's patented solution (patent number US 6,252,547, issued on June 26, 2001) to the problem of delivering radio content via the Internet. The goal of AWBR is to provide the technology and data that will allow audio content to be delivered over the Internet with the same copyright protections currently enjoyed by broadcast delivery. Decisionmark has proven this technology by assisting satellite carriers and broadcasters with the Satellite Home Viewer Improvement Act by providing an online eligibility-screening tool. This same patented technology can be used to limit transmission of a streamed radio signal to an FCC-approved signal area. Decisionmark's solution is made possible due to its signal area prediction technology and the AWBR verification process. Decisionmark also ensures that the underlying signal area data is accurate. Local broadcasters communicate signal area coverage changes via a Decisionmark software tool so that off-air and web broadcasts are ALWAYS identical. Rather than going around the broadcasters, the solution is designed to work with the broadcaster to make streaming local broadcasts on the PC a reality. About Capitol Broadcasting Capitol Broadcasting Company, Inc. is a diversified communications company which owns and/or operates WRAL-TV, WRAL-Digital, WRAL-FM, Microspace, the North Carolina News Network, DTV Plus, and Wolfpack Sports Marketing in Raleigh, NC; WJZY-TV and WWWB-TV in Charlotte, NC; WILM-TV in Wilmington, NC; WRAZ-TV and the Durham Bulls Baseball Club in Durham, NC; and the Myrtle Beach Pelicans Baseball Club in Myrtle Beach, SC. About Decisionmark Decisionmark is the foremost online software and information provider delivering to broadcasters, the most accurate and complete, real time information anywhere regarding signal coverage, reception, programming and viewers; and to consumers, the only real-time household-level online programming guide. Decisionmark is a profitable, privately held company. (via DXLD) Ha!!! But how will it replicate erratic episodes of DX skip and skywave propagation? Will it cover greater areas during the nighttime hours than the daytime hours? What if by some fluke, the radio signal is inaudible in a particular locale but the Internet audio is there because the predictive technology erred? Would there still be a copyright infringement? If a tree falls in a forest and no one hears it, does it make a sound? Is the Pope Catholic? Do bears sh--....... Oh, never mind! (John Figliozzi, NY, swprograms via DXLD) The point of this is to avoid the imposition of fees that have been handed down to apply to music played on internet-streamed radio stations. Is there any assurance that this scheme will in fact be immune from these fees? In the stuff I have read on this issue, I've seen no mention that the copyright holders would be willing to waive webcasting fees in the event of a geographical limitation. I wonder how virtual private networks would figure into this? You could conceivably use a VPN to have an effective IP address located at a distance (perhaps a considerable distance) from your physical location. Hmmm (Kyle Barger, ibid.) I was being facetious for the most part, but I think your points are well drawn. It seems to me that copyright holders will still see webcasts as "value-added" commodities that entitle them to further payment beyond what the law says they are entitled to on radio. This technology may limit the number of additional listeners (and therefore the amount of additional payment), but that's all it would do. The cost of owning and installing the software might be a significant factor as well. The subtext in all this seems to be to kill the internet as having any chance of developing into a viable alternative to more traditional media. The NAB certainly has a big stake in that outcome and it is one of the most powerful lobbies in Washington. It's shortsighted thinking, IMHO; but there's no shortage of that in Washington or in corporate board rooms (John Figliozzi, ibid.) Technology, schmecnology. The concept is clever -- as a workaround to copyrights laws, thus allowing stations to webcast to their target audience. Left unsaid is *how* a person's location would be verified. I am guessing a user would need to register with some type of verifiable location -- e.g. a credit card billing address -- much like the "AdultCheck" system pornography sites use to allegedly filter out minors. Only a user with a valid physical address deemed within a signal's footprint would be allowed access to the streamed audio. Kyle's comments regarding VPNs or other leased line approaches to workplace web access are entirely relevant. For a while I worked for a Swedish company in their US headquarters. We had a frame relay connection to Sweden for our server-based e-mail and files, and then reached the outside world via this connection. Whenever I'd go to yahoo.com the Swedish page would show up. This service might use IP address location as a first-pass criterion, but would (hopefully) allow users to self-register in a manner that authenticates their location. I'll contact the company (unless, Kim, you already have) to find out more -- primarily because I think the concept is clever (though misguided). (Richard Cuff, Allentown, PA, USA, ibid.) ** U S A. WEBSITES TAKE AFICIONADOS BACK TO THRILLING GOLDEN AGE OF THE SOUND BOX --- Hartford Courant September 5, 2002 http://www.ctnow.com/technology/hc-oldtimeradio.artsep05.story Radio Days Of Yesteryear By E. MICHAEL RUDMAN, Special to The Courant Although newfangled gadgets and gizmos often make people wistful for the simpler, good old days, current technology - with a few keystrokes and mouse clicks - can actually transport us, aurally, back to those good old days by way of OTR, the acronym enthusiasts use to denote "Old Time Radio." Thirty-odd years after being relegated to the back shelves, the Golden Age of Radio has found new life and a comfortable niche on the Internet. Myriad websites assemble information on old shows, biographies on old stars and links to radio stations that still broadcast original OTR, playable directly over the Net via your computer using Windows Media player or the RealOne player. The plot lines sound familiar: "A family comedy where mishaps abound!" or "Sharp-witted detectives investigate and solve the case!" But instead of "Malcolm in the Middle" or "C.S.I.," think "Dagwood and Blondie" and "Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar" - examples of the hundreds of radio comedies, mysteries and dramas that held the country's attention each evening from the 1930s until the early 1960s, when a fairly new medium called television gave radio a final push out of the picture. A great place to start your OTR journey is the Radio Days website, at http://www.otr.com, with OTR history and information, as well as links to other pertinent OTR sites. Webmaster Jim Widner started the site in 1995. "`Radio Days' was the second old-time-radio-related site up and running on the Internet," Widner says, "but the first to have a true `OTR'-related domain name." Radio Days averages 320,000 hits a month, and has close to 30 million visitor hits since its inception. Curiously, Widner says most visitors to his site are not necessarily hardcore OTR fans. "The philosophy of my site is one of education," he says. "I try to focus on the new person who has some interest in what radio was prior to 1962, especially the 1940s and earlier. The site has helped satisfy my urge to educate as well as provide an outlet for my own creative interests." Another venerable OTR site, http://www.old-time.com, has been on the Internet continuously since 1994. This Old Time Radio site, run by Lou Genco, is also full of documentation and links informative to both recent discoverers and veteran fans of OTR. At http://www.old- time.com/werus.html is Genco's "Continuing History of the Original Old Time Radio WWW Pages and Old Time Radio on the WWW," a mouthful-to-say but fascinating-to-browse timeline tracing the growth of OTR on the Internet. Genco's site also provides links useful to newbies in the OTR world; there's a page of hints http://www.old-time.com/newbie1.html on how to become an OTR collector, which means purchasing, trading or otherwise acquiring OTR shows on tape, vinyl LP or the newest form, MP3. For MP3 files, visit the several newsgroups devoted to OTR: alt.binaries.sound.radio.oldtime, alt.binaries.sounds.radio.oldtime (note the ending `s' on `sounds') and alt.binaries.sounds.radio.oldtime.highspeed. Many OTR devotees trade shows frequently in those groups, though one has to be skilled in the artistry of downloading and decoding these files into playable MP3s to be able to collect and enjoy them. Thousands of hours of various OTR programs are available in these groups on a rotating basis. Because audio quality is not critical in converting OTR radio shows from cassette/LP/8-track/reel-to-reel to MP3, a 30-minute OTR radio show, for example, can be compressed into an MP3 file of between 6 and 7 megabytes. With a CD burner and 700-megabye blank CD, it's possible to burn about 100 MP3s to the CD, which gives you the ability to carry nearly 50 hours of OTR listening in your portable CD-R MP3 player. For those who shun the MP3 format, another option is listening to OTR material via radio stations that broadcast directly over the Internet. A link on the home page of the "Radio Days" site brings up a list of stations and their broadcast schedules. Widner notes the similarities between the old and the new technology: "Radio, in its early days, was a sort of free-for-all